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B. E. FISK,..........................Editor. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, IS78. THANKSGIVING. By the President of the United States, a Proclamation. The recurrence of that season at which it is the habit of our people to make devout and public con fession of their constant dependence upon divine favor for all good gifts of life and happiness, and of public peace and prosperity, exhibits in the record of the year abundant reasons for our gratitude and thanks giving. Exhuberant harvests, productive mines, ample crops, staples of trade and manufactures have enriched the country. The resources thus furnished to our re viving industry and exp andin g commerce, are hasten ing the day when discords and distresses through the length and breadth of the land will, under the con tinued favor of Providence, have given way to confi dence and energy! and assured prosperity. Peace with all nations has remained unbroken, domestic tranquil ity has prevailed, and the institution of liberty and justice, which the wisdom and virtue of our fathers established, remain the glory and defense of their children. The general prevalence of the blessings of health throughout our wi le laud has made more con spicuous the sufferings and sorrows which the dark shadow of pestilence has cast upon a portion of our people. This heavy affliction, even the Divine Ruler has tempered to the suffering communities an univer sal sympathy aad succor which have flowed to their relief, and the whole nation may rejoice in the unitj of spirit :n our people by which they cheerfully share one another's burdens. Now, therefore, I, Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States, do appoint Thursday, the 28th day of November next, as a day of National Thanks giving and Prayer, and I earnestly recommend that, withdrawing themselves from secular cares and labors, the people of the United States do meet together on that day in their respective places of worship, there to give thanks and praises to Almighty God for his mer cies, and to devoutly beseech their continuance. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this 30th day of Octo ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight, and the independence of the United States one hundred and third. R. B. HAYES. By the President, Wm. M. Evarts, Secretary of State. ^ «4 111 >» - The Republican majority in New York is placed at 22,000. The Illinois Legislature is Republican by six majority on joint ballot. Jeff Davis has now no blood relations. When he dies his family will be extinct. Eli B. Bennet has been elected treasurer of Norwalk, Connecticut, for the fiftieth time. _ A Chicago dispatch states that the Presi dent desires a successor to Architect Hill, but Sherman opposes. Lewis and Clarke, Madison and Meagher have each a first-class officer in their Repub lican sheriffs elect—Jefferis, Edsall and Ra der. _ Gold from Europe is now arriving at New York at the rate of about a million dollars per week, to pay for American produce sent abroad. _ Edward Cooper, Mayor elect of New York, is a son of Peter Cooper, and business partner of Abram S. Hewitt. He is over fifty and wealthy. Gen. Kilpatrick calls the fiat dollar "a dollar that it is no loss to lose, no gain to get, and that no nation on earth will have, not even the Chinese." In Arizonia, where three candidates con tested for Delegate honors, Camobell, Inde pendent Democrat, is in the lead, with several favoring precincts to hear from. Horatio Seymour, who doesn't like Mr. Tilden, is said to have made this remark about his canvass : "It took a great deal of ingenuity in Mr. Tilden to lose the Presi dency. • "Six cents." This sum represents the damages assessed against the Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin for telling what it knew of the character of Lawyer Cottrill. The barrister sued for $20,000. In the Hartford Courant' s opinion Tilden will go down to history as the man who very nearly bought his way into the White House, and failed at last not so much from lack of opportunity as from indecision. The Butte Miner laments the defeat of Ir vine, Democratic candidate for Treasurer, and attributes the success of Coleman to the workingmen who allowed themselves to be captured by the Republicans. The working men have nothing to regret in contributing to the election of so good a man as Coleman. Minnesota's 'pestiferous little demagogue,' Ignatius Donnelly, beaten out of sight for Congress, is thus alluded to by the Pioneer Press : "He can now retire to the shades of Nininger and beat the devil's tattoo on his little brass kettle for the remainder of his days." ^ The Republicans of this county, confront ing both the Governor and the Democracy, are Hill able to hold their own and elect the majority of their candidates. Madison, which was carried over to and remained with the Democrats during the Governor's residence in that county, returns to Republican alle giance when he emigrates, and is true to-day to her ancient faith. As an election factor the Executive office has proved in Lewis and Clarke, as in Madison, an invaluable adjunct to the Democracy. is of of to to of of an he 000 INDIAN TREATMENT. This question receives new interest from the fact that it is probable that during the approaching session of Congress it will be determined whether the future care of the Indians falls to the army or civil agents as at present. The Congressional Committee has been at work gathering the materials for a report. Of course we cannot certainly say what will be the nature of their report, but we are confident that any investigation which is thorough can reach but one conclusion, that the present system is a ftilure, an ex pensive, disastrous failure. It must be readily ascertained from recent experience that under the present system even a much larger army than we have is wholly inadequate to preserve peace and protect settlers. If the Senate ad heres to the present wasteful and inefficient system it must put in the field a much larger army to counteract the mischief caused by dishonest agents. If the civil agents are dis missed a small army can better maintain or der and insure safety to the frontiers than with them. Every cent expended for the support of agents and employes is so much paid, not only without return, but really for creating trouble and dissatisfaction among the Indians. General Sheridan, in bis late report, a part of which we published yesterday, after show ing the inadequacy of the present military force to deal with so many discontented In dians, gives his opinion that, "Kind treat ment, administered with steadiness and jus tice, would remove from our Western fron tier all its appalling horrors arising from Indian outbreaks." We believe this is liter ally true ; that there need not be a single life lost during a year from Indians if a proper system of management was established. It is a pretty grave charge to make, but it is all included in the opinion of Sheridan above quoted, that the government that tolerates such a system of mismanagement as exists at present is alone responsible for every life that is lost and for all property destroyed by Indians. Perhaps this is unloading the re sponsibility at the wrong door. It will be said that General Grant allowed the trial of the present system at the demand of the churches and the humanitarian sentiments that prevail in the older States. An experi ment that has been going on for eight years, growing worse every year, ought not tobe tolerated any longer by any power that can prevent it. The salt of good intentions can not save such a putrid mass of corruption and wastefulness as the Indian management has become in the hands of the churches. For the good name of the churches, which has become sadly compromised in the hands of unworthy representative; to spare re proach from fastening to the name of the Christian religion, we implore all friends of church and Christianity to dissolve this fatal alliance. We are glad that Gen. Sheridan has uttered his opinions in the form that he has chosen ; that he has designated and em phasized the kind of «treatment that he be lieves in and that the army would extend to the Indian. This is to be "kind treatment." The idea prevails lrrgely at the East that the rule of the army would be harsh, cruel and vicious. There is no foundation iu fact for such an opinion of our army. Perhaps it has been inferred from the fact that the services of the army have never been called in except to deal with the Indians on the war path when the opportunity for kind treatment bad passed. We undertake to say that even in open warfare the army has punished with a lighter hand than civilians or clericals would have let fall when stirred to wrath. We be lieve it to be true that our little army would govern the Indians with much greater kind ness than they have ever secured at any hands that have dealt with them. It would not be that profligate, demonstrative show of super fluous kindness at rare intervals when some inspector was present or expected, but it would be a steady, generous, disinterested thing that would win the confidence and re spect of the red man. It is not a difficult thing to learn Indian character well enough to get entire control of it. If it was made the interest and duty of any class of men to manage them peacefully, economically and efficiently, we are sure it would be done. But our army is better adapted for this business than any other class, not because it is armed and can inspire terror, but because it is the steadiest arm of our government. It will keep its word once given, and will honestly disburse all appropriations intended for the Indians' benefit. So great a good so easily ob tained as good management of Indian affairs will prove a first-class blessing to Montana. Ingersoll must look sharp to his laurels. Here's Senator Anthony's eloquent tribute in presenting Blaine to a Providence audieuce : "You have been drawn here by the fame of an orator and a statesman who stands sec ond to no living man in the couhtry. It is my agreeable duty to present him to you, a grateful and honorable office, but a needless one ; for wherever long and illustrious serv ices to the Republic, fidelity to political prin ciples and consummate ability in support of them, aie held in esteem, there is the name of James G. Blaine, all over this broad land, 'familiar in our mouths as household words.' Called to the third place in the Government —the choice of many thousands of his fellow citizens for the first—he adorned the station with a grace, a dignity, an impartiality and an ability that have not been surpassed since lenry Clay, whom he resembles in many joints, in the depth and earnestness of his con victions, in the audacious boldness with which he declares them, and in the power with which he defends them." Santa Rosa, California, has pressed 3,000 tons of grapes this year, and produced 850, 000 gallons of wine. THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC R. R. We have heard nothing more for some time of the fifty miles of road that the North ern Pacific Railroad Company was going to put under contract within ten days west of the Mississippi. It strikes us that the ten days long ago expired, and no news has come of any contract being let. Accustomed as we are to disappointment, it is some relief to look elsewhere and find things more prosper ous. We have heard so much of Tom. Scott and the Southern Pacific Railroad that most of our readers, we presume, are not aware that such a road could be built without Scott or a national subsidy. But, without making any particular fuss or noise about it, there are two companies pushing their way toward one another. One from the northeast, the Atchi son, Topeka & Santa Fe road, which will have its cars running into Santa Fe within a few weeks. This is owned by a Boston com pany, which seems to find no trouble in get ting capital to push its enterprise. From the other side Huntingdon of the Central Pacific has already constructed a road south from San Francisco to Fort Yuma, and has crossed the Colorado river into Arizona. From Fort Yuma to Santa Fe is 600 miles, or about the same as from Helena to Bismarck overland. Already Huntingdon has contracted to build 150 miles up the Gila river, from Fort Y uma to Maricopa. This work will be completed this winter, which is the best season for work in Arizona. There will be only 450 miles left to complete another trans-continental line, which the two companies can easily construct in a single season, and in ever)' human prob ability this will be done, unless Jay Gould, in defense of the Union Pacific railroad, buys up this Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road and strangles it. President Huntingdon is credited with being the shrewdest railroad magnate in the country at present. His pur pose is to make the Central independent in a measure of the Union Pacific. The Central and Southern Pacific roads are in the same hands, so that one cannot be made to injure the other. The southern route, avoiding the high ranges, will be a favorite winter route, which the snöws will never close up, and which can be built and run at much less ex pense. But this southern road has other than an eastern connection in view. It is equally favorable to a southern connection through Texas with New Orleans and Memphis. Even if Scott does not go ahead with his line there is another one being built by a Boston com pany, which is finished already to San An tonio, a point further west than Scott's line. With the revenues of the Central Pacific road to work with there is no chance for doubt that the Southern Pacific road will be completed within three years without any sub sidy, with two southern and one eastern con nection. WHI1LATCH AGAIN IN UUCIf. A Ricli Gravel Mine In El Dorado County California. Montanians will be glad to learn that Jim Whitlatch, the first Montanian to attain large success in quartz mining, and who has en countered numbers of reverses since, has again "struck it rich," this time in California. With some St. Louis parties Whitlatch has secured a valuable gravel mine in El Dorado County, near Placerville, for which $15,000 was paid. Whitlatch is Superintendent, and has employed seventeen men and two six-inch giant hydraulics. The Placerville Republican says the first clean up, which will be made early next month, will fully pay for the en tire property of 160 acres and all expenses. The Republican adds: "We visited the claim on Friday last, and gave it a thorough inspection, and though we do not pretend to be an expert, we think we know good ground when we see it, and without the least hesita tion we pronounce this the best gravel mine we have seen in the county. We tested it at several points and never failed to get a good prospect Even the old bed rock, skinned over by Dick Madden, gave us about three bits to the pan, for three pans, taken in dif ferent localities, which can be seen on call. We feel that our people ought to congratulate themselves on the advent of Mr. Whitlatch. He is a thorough miner and has had exper ince in Colorado, Montana, Nevada and Cali fornia, and like most miners of great exper ience, has made and lost several fortunes. He gave the mines of this county a thorough inspection before investing, and we hazard nothing in saying that he has, to-day, the control of several of the best pieces of mining property to be found in the State. Aside from the Madden mine, to which he is at present directing his best personal attention, he has the Flick Hill or Sailor Jack gravel claim, containing 500 acres, bearing some of the richest gravel ever found in the county, besides two or three pieces of valuable pro perty that he has under bond, and in process of development. We are glad to welcome such men among us, because they will not only help to develop our natural resources, but will give character to our mining interésts. We have long been in want of this kind of men, and that we have them, and have the mines, we will soon be placed where we be long in the estimation of capitalists desirous of engaging in legitimate mining." Government aid to a reasonable amount ought to be secured for the improvement of the Missouri above the Falls. Here are some appropriations for internal improvements in Oregon recommended by the Chief Engineer of the Army, as follows : Lower Willamette and Columbia rivers, $150,000 ; Upper Wil lamette, $40,000 ; Upper Columbia and Snake rivers, $70,000 ; canal at the Cascades of the Columbia, $500,000. BUTTE. Mills and Mines—Ore and Silver Products—A Bonanza Explored —Successful Treatment of Manganese Ores-Other Notes. Walker Redaction Works. Foremost among the silver reduction works of the Butte District are those of the Walker Brothers. These works now handle on an average 26 tons of ore every 24 hours. To these works have recently been added a Howell revolving furnace, with which they are enabled to work manganese ores—of which the district largely abounds—up to 90 per cent., mixing the manganese equally with the base sulphurets which come from below water level. The success of this Howell fur nace satisfactorily solves the hitherto per plexing problem of how advantageously to reduce the manganese ores, assures the per manency of the town, and makes many men rich who were previously simply quartz poor. Remodeling » Mill. Clark's mill will shortly be closed down for about two months, the old machinery all taken out and nêw put in, with 20 780-pound stamps in place of the 15 650-pound ones heretofore used, and the amalgamating de partment enlarged proportionately. This mill will have an average capacity when remod eled of 26 tons per day. Mr. Clark has some thing over 100 tons of salt for chlorodizing, and other supplies in proportion. Among the labor-saving implements in his machine shop is a nut and bolt cutter which leads any thing of the kind I ever saw before. With this a six-inch thread can be cut on an inch and a half bolt in three minutes, and one man handles the machine, bolt and everything. Clark's mill runs generally on custom ore. He has made money here and will make plenty more. Large Bullion Product. The Lexington mill, owned by A. J. Davis, has run almost without intermission for 22 months, altogether on ore from the Lexing ton mine, averaging 15 tons per 24 hours. By a little figuring I see that this mill in the time specified has consumed something over 10,000 tons of ore. Estimating the yield at $70 per ton—and this is probably below than above the average—and we have the gross proceeds .of $700,000. While Mr. Davis never tells his business to any one, he can't very well get around the above figures or the further estimate that the net proceeds of the Lexington mine and mill for the past 22 months foot up a round half million dollars. A Comfortable Property. In this connection 1 will tell what I know about the Lexington mine itself, having per sonally interviewed that famous El Dorado in all its ramifications, pencil and note-book in hand, guided by foreman D. M. Evans, with Phil Shenen, the successful quartz man of Bannack, as expert and aid-de-camp. The Lexington mine lays about 1,000 feet south of the Rainbow, and runs parallel with it. It has four main shafts, and we first descended No. 2 fifty-two feet to the first level. The The main lead at this depth has 490 feet of levels, and two spurs which make into the main lead from the southéast, called the South Spur and Middle Spur, have levels re spectively 350 and 200 feet, aggregating 1,040 feet of levels at the above depth. We then descended 45 feet more to the second and lower levels, at which the main lead and spurs are developed by levels same as above. To make it plainer the mine at an average depth of 70 feet has air-line levels 1,000 feet along the main lead, showing a vein from 3 to 26 feet wide—which will more than aver age 7 feet of ore the whole distance—the greatest bulk of this being free, and not a ton of the ore has as yet been stoped out, the ore worked in the mill so far having come from the shafts, levels and spurs. Mr. Davis owns the Wappello, an adjoining claim of 1,500 feet on the lead, in which he has two shafts to water level connected at the bottom, by which level this winter will be connec ted with the lower Lexington level, when the two combined will make 1,750 feet along the same vein. Mr. Davis has expended upwards of $100,000 in developing his mines, and it can now be said of them that they are just ready for working. All the timbering in the mine is of the strongest kind and systematic ally placed, showing Mr. Evans a thorough miner and most competent foreman. Since the strike last summer Mr. Davis has his ore taken out by contract, Mr. Pat. Flynn being the contractor, Pat., with his four brothers, have been hard workers in the Territory for some years, have been prudent with their earnings, and will all come out rich one of these days. The Flynn Brothers now have 800 head of fine cattle, all paid for. In the spring they will buy 200 more, and with a round thousand head one of the boys will. start for the 8un river or Museleshell valley in the spring. There are few countries equal to Montana in the award meeted out for labor and the judicious application of its earnings, as exemplified by Pat. Flynn & Brothers, and by hundreds of others throughout the Terri tory. The Tonna A Roudebnab Mill, owned by Young, Roudebush & McDaniels, has been run continuously for two years, on ore from the Nellie, Burlington, Fredonia, Cora and other of their leads, ana not a single month passed without a dividend. This mill has eight stamps and one amalgamating pan, and handles on an average 6 tons per day. The capacity of the mill will be doubled in the spring, and it is also probable the com pany will next season erect a new and large mill, as a half dozen of their leads are num bered among the best in the district. The Nettie, Burlington and Fredonia are each de veloped 150 feet by shafts ; the former has 300 feet of levels, and each of the others 150 feet, and all show good, strong veins. They are now running on Cora ore. This lead has a shaft 75 feet, where the lead shows 28 feet of free ore, which mills from 25 to 100 ounces of silver. They are now running a breast and cross-cut, and will soon be ready for stoping. The Clipper Mill, owned by Billy Wilson, Jeff. Lavalle and McDermott, is a new and first-class 5-stamp mill, of 8 tons capacity per 24 hours, only started up a fortnight since, but which has already proved itself a "clipper." This mill is running on North Star ore, the first-class ore from which mills 100 ounces in silver and $15 in gold per ton. The North Star is owned by Drs. Mitchell and Musigbrod, Billy Wil son and Jno. McLeggin. It is developed by a 70-foot shaft, and by levels 40 feet oneway and 15 the other, showing 8 feet of ore, the lowest grade of which goes 40 ounces in sil ver and $3 in gold per ton—certainly a No. 1 lode is the North Star. Arastra ore Working. Messrs. Kessler & Smith are running an aras tra on ore from the Banker lode, with very fine results. Nelson Wolverton has a 5-stamp mill building, with 2 pans and settler, and will get away with about 6 tons per day. Mr. J. V. Suprenaut has an arastra in successful operation, as have others of the district whose names I have not got. Tbe Sliver Bow Hinlug Company, composed of Messrs. Talbott, Downs, Larry & Jones, have about completed a silver mill second to none in the district. The mill is very nearly a duplicate of the celebrated Walker Bro's. mill, has a similar stamping and amalgamating capacity, and its success when started up should be equally good. The Silver Bow mill, when completed, will cost upwards of $140,000, but even this large sum will be repaid within six months if they run it continuously on such ore as they own for that time, of which there is no doubt. This company own the Pacific, Mount Maria, Maximillian, Garlotto, Pawnbroker and La Platta lodes, (in the last of which Dr. J. A. Nichols owns an eighth interest,) all of which are known as good leads. Tbe Gagnon Minins Company are building matting works near Butte, for the purpose of reducing two or more tons of their copper and silver ore into one of mat, thus saving largely in tranportation. The capacity of these works will be about 25 tons of ore per day, and if successful they will be en larged next spring. New Discovery. Mr. J. W. Dalrymple has recently struck big indications of a rich lead near the base of the Big Butte. He has sunk a shaft 70 feet on a varying vein, and has taken out 10 tons of ore going from 500 to 1,000 ounces of silver per ton, and about 30 tons of 100 ounce ore. Mr. Dalrymple has named his location the Old Puzzler, and says if he can get 100 tons of the first-class ore he will be content. r Bullion and Ore Shipments. Through the kindness of Lee Mantle, the ob liging agent of Wells, Fargo & Co., I learn that the total shipments of refined silver bul lion through^ their Butte office for the past 12 months amounts to $750,000, in round num bers. Also that the ore shipments from this camp per Diamond "R" and other freight companies for the season just closing amount to 2,750,000 pounds, 1,375 tons, aggregating in value over $400,000. Consumption of Salt. The chief item of expense in silver reduction is salt, from 6 to 8 per cent of which is used for chlorodizing base ores. Butte and Philips burg have this year imported upwards of 1, 000 tons of this article this season, an expense of probably $100,000. Let somebody hunt up a salt spring in Montana at once ! Tbe Miners' Hospital. In writing of mines and miners it is meet to mention the Butte miners Hospital, situated on the corner of Galena and Dakota streets, constructed the past yearjby Dr. O. B. Whit ford, and personally supervised by him. The building is large and comfortable, with 14 roomy wards, which will comfortably accom modate 20 patients, with kitchen, dining-room dispensary etc., conveniently arranged, and a well of soft, cold water. The Doctor keeps an ambulance and team with which he brings the sick and wounded free. He is putting up a large stone stable, the latter to accommodate country patrons. Last month the Walker Bros, entered into an agreement with Dr. Whitford to pay him monthly $25 and $1 per month for each man employed by him, for which consideration any and all who become sick or disabled shall be taken into the Miners Hospital and receive medical treatment, nurs ing, board, washing, etc., without any further charge. The miners of the GAgnon Company have recently entered into a similar agree ment, and no doubt the others will sooner or later do likewise. JUDGE. -— » - A correspondent tells a good story at the expense of Rev. D. P. Mitchell, candidate for Governor on the Greenback ticket in Kansas. Not long ago he was making a political speech of the first order, when he advocated an exclusive paper currency, aud derided gold and silver as "twin relics of bar barism." A few nights after he was preach ing at a camp-meeting, and described the Celestial city as set forth in Revelation— its gates of silver and precious stones and streets paved with gold—when an uuregeneraitd darkey shouted out, "Stop dar, Bi udder Mitchell ! No gold and silver in dat place ; dey's twin relics of barbarism!" Tableau.