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R. E. FISK, - - Editor. THURSDAY, FIA* 29, 1879. EDITOR I 12, «'OBKf.SI'OXDEWri: Travel In California.—Trips About Around ban Francisco. and Notes and Narration» from (he Bay. 8an Jose is one towns of the State. 12,000 inhabitants, homes surrouuded Sa m Francisco, May 22, 1879. The trip to San Jose has proved to me only second in interest to that to the Big Tree Groves and Yo Semite. It ia n railroad ride south from San Francisco of about three hours. The route lies directly through one of the loveliest valleys of California—Santa Clara It is a very paradise of waving grain, of blooming flowers, of broad-srmed live Oaks, and of grand estates. It is the haven of retired sea captaius, who have anchored here finally and will plant their bones here in the end. The millionaire magnates, or num bers of them, have also in this richly favored spot of earth far-reaching acres and lordly mansions occupied as summer residences, where scores and hundreds of tourists from every part of the globe are every season mu nificently entertained. Belmont, once the couutry home of the lamented Ralston, is now the property of Senator Sharon, whose hospitality occasionally reminds people of what used to he at Belmont in the days of his princely predecessor. Governor Stanford, President of the Central Pacific, has here his extensive stock ranch, over the beautiful pas tures of which feed the largest and finest band of blooded horses to be found in the country. The mansion house is mostly hid away in the dense foiiage of groves and decorative shrubbery, but from the car-win dows Je outlined the stable in which a hun dred or two of his valuable animals are housed aud cared for when required. D. 0. Mills, Hayward, Flood, Mackey, Selby, and other great capitalists have also country homes costing hundreds of thousands of dol lars, and exceedingly delightful places in this valley. of the most attractive It numbers upwards of who dwell in beautiful by gardens and fields planted with nearly every tree and shrub and flower to be found in both temperate and tropical climates. The "Alameda" an un rivalled drive of two miles between San Jose and Santa* Clara, is a roadway embowed between double rows of magnificent decidu ous trees, interlocking their branches the en tire distance. Another drive of six miles to the mineral springs is similarly laid out, and in time the growing trees will make an arcaded archway from end to end. A nota ble landmark of bygone days is the mission church at Santa Clara, whose "wrinkled front" has seen considerably more than •century of years. From my sixth-story bay-window eyrie haye a magnificent bird's-eye view of most of the business and the elevated resident por tions of San Francisco ; of the Golden Gate and the graud land-locked bay ; the shipping at the docks and riding at anchor in the midst of the waters; of arbored Oakland beyond; of Brooklyn, Alameda, Berkley, and outskirting towns below, the green back ground uplifting from there on. In the sweep of vision are the palaces of Hopkins, Stanford and Crocker, on the very apex of Knob Hill; on Montgomery street, the im posing Bank of Nevada building; up Market the architectural delight of Lucky Baldwin closer, in massive environment, the Palace Hotel, costing $6,000,000, and the largest and grandest structure of its kind in the world T1 ese are a few of the many monuments to the energy, the enterprise, the ambition and the glory of Californians. Their builders, their owners are the Big Tree Men of the coast. I have passed portions of several day among the merchants of San Francisco, who this year for the first time are putting forth earnest efforts to 6ecure from Montana larger and more general trade than hereto, fore. These < fforts are encouraged by the Central Pacific authorities, and special in ducements are offered to our mercantile clashes to come and personally acquaint themselves with the coast markets. With the rates of freight already known for rail transit from 8an Francisco to the Utah & Northern Terminus it is no longer a question of doubt as to the advantages to Montana offered in numerous lines of trade by thi3 city. It is claimed that in a larger sense than heretofore San Francisco can compete with Chicago. Iam glad to see our mer chants coming here to investigate for them selves. The latest arrival is Mr. Albert Kleinschmidt, of Helena. In the absence of any conspicuous recu perative force in stock speculations, there is a dullness perceptible, not usual about the Bay. Business is depressed, and there is much discouragement amoDg people who went broke on Sierra. The grain crops now ripening for the harvest, will be the State's best bonanza this year. There have been rains the past few days,;but the damage is slight to everything, hay possibly excepted. As it now looks thirty million bushels of wheat, worth as many millions of dollars, will be California's best product for 1879. A drive through Golden Gate Park to the Cliff House is quite delightful. It was a stretch of sand dunes when I was last here. Now it is eovered with verdure and exhibits to & is is of a on every band the highest culture and deco ration. There are drives of miles, smooth as a floor, clear to the ocean beach. At tbe CHff there is nothing espcially new. The sea lions bark as they used to do, and tbe monster "Old Ben Butler," still loafs upon the rocks, taking absquintical views, and by his very presence deterring all others from coming anywhere within reach of his tremen dous and death-dealing flippers. It is noteworthy enterprise which has removed from tbe principal ocean routes from this city all tbe old, worn-out steamers and supplied their places with the finest iron propellers in the world. Tbe Pekin and Tokk> on the Chinese line, Dext to the Great Eastern, are the largest vessels in the world, and in all their appointments unsurpassed. The new boats of Che Oregon line are une qualled for comfort, safety, and speed. Another herculean enterprise which w?H contribute greatly to-the growth aDd prosper ity of San FranckfCOi i9 the Southern Pacifier Railroad, recently completed to a point south of Maricopa Welle. Ad excursion trip to the summer terminus went out from this city on the 10th, returning here a few days ago. Next November, work will be recommenced, and the road pushed along with all the for mer energy toward the rismg sun. Some days ago I visited Che great w'ool house of E. Grisar & Co, Tbeir storing, grading, and packing departments cover acres in extent. They are the largest buyers and shippers of wool on the Pacific Slope, handling nearly one half of the entire pro duct of both California and Oregon. It is a solid firm and its members Che best skilled dealers in the business. Mr. Healy, of this house, whom our sheep-men all know, leaves in a few days for Montana, and will there remain to the end of the season. He goes prepared to buy and pay tbe best prices, or ta receive and ship all consignments, making j liberal ^advances. Mr, Healy give marked satisfai yn to all who dealt with him las$ year, end j is liable to enlarge bis tmusac-j. turns this yuar. R. E. F. THE TROUBLES OF NATIONS. Judging from present appearances the milennltim is a long way off. The world » neither peaceful, prosperous or happy. Eng land is bleeding at every pore, loaded down with strikes, failures, declining trade and profits, only taxes and discontent increasing. France, in some respects the most pros perous of continental nations, has its troubles with the communists on one side aud the Jesuits on the other, while Paris is increasing in her importunities to bring back the Na tional Assembly from Versailes where it w r ent to enjoy free deliberations and where it will stay if it is desired to retain them. Spain has an annual defect of eighty mil lion francs and no hope of improvement politically or financially. It is virtually a dead nation, with neither influence or signifi cance. Germany, the strongest in disciplined armies and its central situation, ia not pros perous. Its wealth is wasted upon its army, the people are overtaxed, neither agriculture, manufacture or trade are flourishing. Dis content shows itself in the wide extent of socialistic organizations. Bismarck is vainly trying to improve the situation by a protec tive tariff. Italy is struggling under burdens too heavy for her, with a debt annually increasing, with an insidious foe ever seeking to defeat any measure tor the growth of intelligence, with out any vigorous and able ruler or leader, ex cept Garibaldi, who appears to be near tbe verge of the grave. Even he has nothing bet ter to urge at present than universal suffrage which would be of doubtful benefit, lor it would take in that ignorant class most easily ruled by the priesthood. Austria is ekeing out an existence by the eufference of disagreeing neighbors and di versities of race among her own people. Even this paralytic old power, without strength or credit, has increased her burden and troubles by assuming the government of Bosnia. Poor Hungary seems likely to parish fiom flood as tbe old world in Noah's time. Denmark has been almost devoured by Germany and driven from the continent. Norway and Sweeden are suffering unpara lelled depression in all departments from causes that are bard to understand, but that seem to be everywhere present Turkey is dead and dismembered. Greece is more am bitious to extend her borders than to govern well the possessions acquired by the bounty and forbearance of other nations. As to Russia, it is doubtful whether it merits most to be called the strongest or the weakest of European powers. Misgovern ment seems to have reached its maximum limit and NiUilDm threatens it with annihila tion. If we cross the Bosphorus and traverse Asia we fail to find a single bright spot Japan, alone, seems to be possessed of any independent vigor or existence. Bankruptcy, starvation and war are rioting as usual upon tbe decayed nations of Africa. There is not a bright spot on its entire sur face. South America is even no exception to the general situation. Famine exists in Brazil. Chili and Pern are at war, increasing each other's poverty and distress. Crossing the Isthmus we find Mexico simply existing, cer tainly not prospering. The Dominion nojth of us is having a hard time to hold together and confesses her inability to carry out her agreements in the matter of building rail roads. For temporary relief resort bas been had to a protective tariff and thereby England is aggrieved and alienated. We should almost think our own country prosperous and happy in the comparison, if we could throw off the incubus of the pres ent Confederate Congress. DECLINE OF AMERICA» SHIPPING. It is something rather provoking to our national vanity to realize that while our na tion is gaining in almost every other field with amazing rapidity, our commercial ma rine is relatively declining. We have always boasted of our unexampled facilities for commerce, our immense sea coast, spacious harbors, our forests, mines and shops. In tbe beginning of our national existence our people were settled along the sea coast and naturally a greater proportion were sailors. Every year now we are becoming more and more as inland people, yet the increase of our railroads in effect is bringing the interior to the coast. During the war, while the Confederate privateers were sweeping tbe sea, it was nat ural that cur commerce should have sought shelter under the flags of foreign powers, hot everybody thought it would soon return when the war was ended. Contrary ><> all expecta tions the ret am never took place, but on the contrary the decline continue*, so that in 1876 it fell away as mach as ia any year dur ing the war, and is stift going.«». On a recent meeting of the New York Chamber of Commerce, Senator Blaine made this the subject of his address and gave some rather startling statistics. Within twenty years there has been going on this uiversii n of our trade to foreign bottoms, so that in stead of three fourths, now there is scarcely one-fourth of oar own trade doue by Ameri can ships. The amount paid annually by our people for ocean freights to foreign ships is estimated at $110?©0(hOW\ and would of course be a mighty nice little mm to save, even at the cost of considerable exertipn. Without pretending to thoroughly under stand the cause of this decline, or being able to prescribe a sufficient remedy, we are cer tain that our capitalists are quick enough to seize upon profitable business so that if there was a chance to- invest in shipping and do better than tbfy are now doing, they would surely do it. Other countries can beat us ai present in the cost of building ships, and ws suppose they can man them and run their, cheaper also. Meanwhile our capital and labor are not idle, but better employed at something else, so why should we mourn over it. It woxJd be very fine if we could control all the com merce of the world, but not if we should have to neglect other more profitable busi ness. We do not believe our navigation laws which will only give an American register to a vessel built in the United States, are any help, but are rather of a disadvantage to us. Our ship-owners cannot compete with those of other nations unless they can buy or build their ships just as cheap. What possible harm could ensue if our capitalists should procure vessels to be built abroad, and w hy should American registers be denied ? Our shippers will give their transportation to those who can do it cheapes*, and will not pay any more for the mere name of having it done in American built ships. We have the advantage over European nations in the production of bread stuffs and all kinds of raw material. We are now fast taking the lead in all branches of manufac ture through our improved machinery com peting with cheap labor. If we have driven our competitors from the fields of agriculture and manufactures, what other resort is left to them but commerce ? What will they do if we drive them from the field of commerce? We must remember that there are two sides to every case. Especially is this true in commerce. For every voyage out there is one back. Commerce is most prosperous where there is paying freight both ways. The character of freight vessels has chauged entirely within a few years. Instead of small sailing ships we now have immense iron steam vessels, which will carry at a sin gle voyage as much as ten ships of earlier days, and will make five trips where a sail vessel makes one. We are getting the advan tage of these cheap freights. We can send a ton of ore to Swansea or Frieburg from the mines of Montana for half what it cost to carry freight from Buffalo to New York be fore the Erie Canal was built. How could Europe buy our products and pay for them unless the nations living there are allowed some means to earn the money to pay with. We ship out wheat and ship back men, and make large profits on both cargoes. Will we be so selfish as to want all the money that & made on tne transportation besides ? "Live and let live," will apply to nations as well as individuals. Tlie Indian Territory Trouoles. 8t. Louis, May 24.—Information from the Indian Territory is to the effect that a por tion of the Indian rivet valley, in the Chick asaw nation, is infested with lawless white men, who are depredating upon the property of the Indians aud violating their personal rights, and if the Government does not pro tect the Indians and put a stop to unlawful invasion, there will be serious trouble. Nomina Illinois Republican Judicial lions. Chicago, May 24.—The Republican con vention to-day nominated the following Judges : Circuit Court—Buell Williams, Reed Booth and Rosenthal. For Supreme Court Judge Thomas H. Dent was nominated. Nomination by'the President. Washington, May 27.—The President has nominated J. W. Cracroft, of West Virginia, to be U. S. Attorney for Idaho. — ^ «HO»!» ^ Instantly Killed. Chicago, May 24.-Anton Peters, an attache of Haverlie's theatre, was instantly killed by falling from the top of that building while attempting to dislodge a ball from the eaves. INDIAN TERRITORY. It is rather bard to arrive at a satisfactory opinion amidst the conflicting rumors about the invasion of the Indian Territory. While some accounts say that hundreds farave lett Chetopa in Kansas and passed over tbe line, others say that this is all exaggeration, a sham to iry how the government awl the country would regard the attempt. Even if it is true that no serious attempt i9 being made to enter tbe Indian Territory, there has been enough disclosed to show bow eager thous ands of persons are to take advantage of aoy flaw in tide or any show of weakness on tbe part of government. The railroad companies, in particular, are stirring up this commotion. Thev are anxious to subject the rich lands of this Territory to tbeir grant. They want the chance to build uptowns and create business along tbeir route. It is tbe geuera! 1 opinion t>f those who seer» best informed Shat the whole nvvvemeut to seize upon Indian lands has been inspired by tbe railroads. In such a contest, it cannot be expected that tbe country will spmpatbixe at all with tbe ra pacity of these companies. Not only will the sympathy of the East, but the good sense and spirit of fairness of the people of the West, will unite to defend tbe title to the present Indian Territory, the little patch that is left of all this vast continent. It strikes us, however, that the matter needs the attention of Congress to place the legal statues of the Indian Territory on stronger footing. 3f it needs a law of Congress, in addition to an executive order to set apart this Territory for the exclusive use of tbe Indians, tham> it should be done forthwith. It seems to us clear that this title should rest on law that the most unscrupulous cupidity could not as sail. If decisive measures are not taken by Congress, it is very likely that war will re sult between these land-grabbers and the Li llians. For more than two months Congress has been in session and bas dbne absolutely noth ing of the least value in the world. "They have done that which tbey ought not to bave done, and have left undone that which they ought to have done." There is plenty of needed work to which they might apply themselves with personal credit and to general good. There is much of the Indian Territory wholly unoccupied which is well fitted for the occupation of Indians who have scattered reservations in various other Terri tories. All the Indians should be settled on this vacant Indian Territory under guaranty of perpetual peace asd security. It may ap pear wisest on further consideration to set apart some more Northern Territory for such Indians as w ere accustomed to a colder cli mate, and if so let this be dedicated in the same way, and all the Indians in tbe country collected on one or the other of these two In dian Territories. Instead of having a hun dred different reservations ex posed to invasion and affording a covert for marauders, let the line of exposure be reduced to tbe minimum and then be well defended by law and troops. We are not desirous of any part of Montana being cut off for an Irdian Territory'. If it is to be done it ought to be kept away from the Missouri river, which would be of no use to Indians and would materially interfere with an important highway of commerce. How muck Congress could do for the suffering country if it would address itself to business instead of aggravating useless politics. THE CONDITION OF TEXAS. The veto of the appropriation bill by Gov ernor Roberts and the adjournment of the Legislature without passing another leaves the State in a most deplorable condition The interest on the State debt is not provided tor, the public schools have to be closed, all pub lic institutions are unprovided for, and in stead of being one of the soundest and most prosperous of all the States, Texas takes its rank by the side of its Southern sisters in bankruptcy, repudiation, general lawlessness, wretchedness and thriftlessness, so charac teristic of Bourbon misrule. The Governor openly declares that he will make no effort to bring back a criminal who escapes beyond the State borders. On the contrary, he seems rather disposed to encour age and rejoice at their escape. And consid ering the poor luck that attends the adminis tration of justice when a criminal is brought to trial there, we are not sure but his choice is the best, though we can hardly conceive why a criminal should ever think of fleeing from that State. Even in the Indian country there is less chance for the criminal to escape punishment than to stay at home and stand a trial before his peers. It is said that fully one-third of the taxes collected are stolen by tbe first collectors and every successive hand through which the revenues pass on the way to the treasury receives a retainer, very often retaining the whole. It is charged that the State is in the hands of certain railroad rings, who have combined to plunder, and are 'devouring the resources of the State. There are symptoms of revolt which we hope to see spread till the government changes hands and character entirely. in is < Wholesale Arrests of Villain» Nashville, May 26. —On Saturday and yes terday, 14 men, 4 whites and 10 blacks, were arrested near Murfreesboro on the charge of having been guilty of burglary, robbery, arson and murder. Great excitement has since prevailed and things haye looked rather stormy for the prisoners. The Governor ba9 ordered a special force of the militia to be ready to act.. Emteuslon of «he Northern Pacifie Montana and Idaho. [From the Railway World, April 26th,] In the long list of striking events connected with the great activi'y now beiug displays in developing tbe new portions of the repub lic, few are more remarkable than the recent and prospective action of the Northern p a . cific. The first of the leading frontier enter prises to feel the hand of misfortune, it } s now obtaining its fnll share of the benefits that flow from the prevailing disposition to vigorously advance the developement of the new west and northwest, and from tinancinl recuperation. Means for constructing two hundred mile» of the line westward, from Bismarck, in Da. kota, to tlie Yellowstone, in Montana, were recently obtained from stockholders, the se curity for these advances being & mortgage oa the proposed new portion of the line, ex. clusivelv, so that the completed portions of the road remain unincumbered. We an nounced some lime ago that the contracts for this important extension had been given oat, and work has since been actively commenced, aud the rail and other needed materials have been purchased, aud, to a considerable ex. tent, transported to Bismarck. All prelim iuary arrangements for the extension ot Um roan to a point some distance west of the eastern bouudary ot Montana have, there fore, been lully completed, aud construction is now beiug vigorously prosecuted. A large number ot emigrants are seeking new homes along the liue ot the completed and projected portion of the road. One of the late iudica tions of increasing activity and settlement in that region is furnished by the announcement that the Northern Pacific hus commented dispatching two through pa>senger trains daily from 8t. Paul to Bismarck, one leav ing the former city tn the morning and the other in the evening. About a day is con sumed in this journey. The Si Paul Pioneer Press, in relerring to this addition to railway facilities, says: "The trade aud travel be tween St Paul and Montana is assuming as tonishing proportions, and daily lines of steamers on the upper Missouri and new stage lines are being established to accom modate it; tbe Northern Pacific Railroad forming a part of this expeditious and con venient route to the Black Hills and to; the mining regions of Montana." While tin important movements briefly de scribed above are progressing on the eastern section of the Northern Pacific, that com pany is also now shipping rails to the Pacific < o ot which are to be • se I in constructing a division of 200 miles th*i will probat ly t e put under contract during the approaching summer. Engineers aie uow actively engag ed in making the final surveys and o her preparations. This proposed new construc tion will extend from the mouth of imakc river (from wiiich point convenient commun ication with the Pacific is established by the steamers and the railway connections of the Oregon Steamship Navigation Co ) to Pend d'Oreille lake, in Idaho. This division will run thr ugh the fin« st wheat fields on the Pacific slope, a tact so well appreciated among the pioneers ih it nearly 3,000 persons many of whom have been residing for sotre years past, in California, have alreody regis tered their names as applicants for the fertile lands that will be traversed. It is very probable that both these new tii visions will be completed before the close of 1880, and, with the line extended to Idaho on the west and Montana on the east, the re maining gap to be filled up w ill represent a distance about twice as great as embraced in the new construction we have briefly describ ed; but final success of the progressive move ments, now well advanced, can scarcely fail to give an irresistible impetus to the work wriiich will still be needed to complete a new route. ► «4 * A Word to the Immigrant. [From the Husbandman Mny 2 d ] Some disappointed pilgrim it would seem charges the Montana press with having ex tolled the advantages of the Territory too high, and charges them with being responsi ble for flooding the couutry with "broke men. This is a little extraordinary, but the shoulders of the pross are broad and can bear the gentle impeachment, although it is wholly groundless. That some people w ho come here are without money is Hie iault ot the couutry from which they come, aud nut Mou laua. Their coming is a volunteer act im their part. 'that tne press huso vet estimated tne resources of the 1 erniory is a great mis take. On the contrary, bo tar as our obser \atim goes, it has not done the subject jus tice. It has been sard our rocky, snow-wp pid ranges are corduroyed with gold and sil ver beating nads aud their bases lined " ll !i timber; tnat across our broad, iertiie valle) 9 meander cold, clear, v»Jllow-iringed brook?, along whose alluvial banks are thousands acres of unclaimed lands, from which thousands ot square miles of pastoral where our stock range the year round, aim where there is room lor many huudietso thousands; and that our thundering tain torrents, in their headlong rush to sea, afford power sufficient to turn thenw cbiuery of the nation. These are the trai ' l v ements of commercial greatness and <•*■ ■■ need to be developed. r l he gold nuggets-.^ ing around loose are picked up as found, and the herds roaming upon our . 111 ' ' and the quiet homes upon our valleys owners. The new-comer will be iio , r painful necessity ot baiWoig his rearing or purchasing a iierd ; h'-' v - u find the leads referred to undeveloped, that are developed being owned. B ul j; not discouraging to the thrifty, industr y man. Nature furnishes the facilities an ^ has only to supply the labor. Men of n e ' such as have pioneered Montana for j 1,e k fourteen years, are not disheartened a ^ prospect of having to work for a llV1 ^' this has been the fate of man since ' - went forth, "in tbe sweat of thy i ace - , )f , Only let the disconsolate pilgrim p* n *f , pi f moment, and compare Montana with , from which he hailed. That was P ! * r ' ^ fine country to those who possesse; ^ f what was it to him? Here is a » VV he can have a share simply for the ,j )V - ?n it, rich and fertile too, and surioun^e ^ exhaustible pastures and adjacent lu * 1 "^ n ^v will yield a golden harvest for age*- ( ery hand there is investment tor d< ^ j f . and muscle, and either promt ward. Let he who mus» rel\ wnru. nci uc ...... ..... .ti*- î ,r blame himself, and not Montana*» | and sow now that the hnrve*t ni - tened.