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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, I I I I Editor! THURSDAY, Jill 29, 1870. EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. A Ylttlt to Ibe Valley and Falla of Yo Semite. Including the Big Tree» of Mariposa. Yo Semite Valley, May 12, 18T8. "Inspection Poiui !" Oar Jehu pulled in hid steaming six-in hand and the palace*coach of the Mariposa Company came to a halt with much of the suddenness of a railway train with the air break heavily on. Our party of eight had been driven at a rapid pace over elevated spurs of the Sierras from Big Tree Station, twenty miles back, where we had spent the previous day in horseback rides through the famed Man posa Grove, followed by a re freshing night's rest at Clark's. For a moment the party was mute. The exclamation of the driver, "Buffalo Jim," for the instant brought no response. Presently one after auotber were heard from as the magnificent panorama was swept by the rav ished eye. From the rocky ledge of 3,000 feet we looked abruptly off into (he lovely vale of the Yo Semite. The silvery waters of the Merced shone like a satin ribbon from be tween the broad-branched oak trees that re sembled from their depth the leaves of nod ding clover. Some distance below the level of vision the misty sheen of the Bridal Veil is seen ; opposite the broad, bold face of El Capitan ; beyond the rocky heights of the Three Graces, Glazier Point, Cloud's Rest, North and South Domes, and other grand el evations of name and note. Staging here is by schedule, and it does not va*y. Like time and tide, it waits for no man. A wondering glance, an appetizing taste, of the inspiring view, and we go at once. Down the steep roadway, meandering the horseback trail of a few years ago, dashes the great coach, which soon lands us safely, but all too quick'y for the serenity of our nerves, at the bottom. On the floor of the valley and between the rearing heads of stu pendous walls on either hand we bowl along to Black's, the central of three hotels, situa ted midway in the beautiful green vale and five miles from the point of entrance. Here our party find reserved rooms waiting, and a tempting lunch, to which every one does am ple justice. It is afternoon, but refreshed by the excel lent repast and a brief rest, the party plan a several hours trip. A band of saddle animals wait at tbe door. Each man selects his beast. The ladies in their choice are more governed by the advice tendered by the old time guides who know all the peculiarities of the old time horses. Half of the lady tour ists visiting the valley ride "sawbuck," but the Bloomer habits are scarce iu our party, and the three feminines who grace our com pany prefer tbe old-fashioned style of side ways. Directly facing the hotel, apparently not a mile away, is the Fall of Yo Semite, very beautiful, seemingly not broader at the pitch than a miner's sluice-head, but wider in tbe misty spread midway and perfectly majestic in tbe height of the main plunge, which by actual measurement is 1,600 feet The falls of 400 and 600 feet respectively which succeed are vertical, like the first, making a total descent of the three of 2,600 feet. "All set." The word is no sooner given than acted up on, and with the guide in the lead, off we dash. The animals bear us at a swift gallop a half mile up tbe valley. Here tbe clear waters of tbe Merced—a stream at this sea son of the year of the size of the Dearborn— is spanned by an iron suspension bridge, crossing which we change direction back to a point nearly opposite Black's, when tbe cavalcade fall into a walk and single-file commence to climb tbe mountain side. Tbe trail is the most rugged and difficult of the dozen or more threading their way from the valley to the many places of interest over looking from their heavenward altitudes the vast scopes of mountain and plain surround ing. It is so narrow that two horses can no where plant themselves abreast. It is a toil some zigzag up and along the face of abrupt rocks piled nearly perpendicularly to what on the start seems inaccessible heights. Tbe burdened horses stop at every second turn to "blow." After lap upon lap and a mile or so of ground then covered in this labored ascent, the strained nerves and dizzy eyes rest for a while on the broad flat surface of Columbia Rock, which at an elevation of 1,400 feet looks sheer down upon the valley. The view here, while less grand th&n that from Inspi ration Point or several other greater altitudes, is exceedingly impressive, and thrills the tourist with emotions difficult to describe. Remounted we proceed on as before. The trail here somewhat descends, and for a dis tance of a quarter of a mile we feel comfort ably safe, though all resolutely keep their eyes turned from the pitch-off side of the threatening trail. Turning nearly a square angle the Great Leap of Yo Semite, at the nearest approach, bursts in all its beauty and grandeur, and at tbe top of its roar, upon eye and ear. There is a degree of fear mixed with awe rs we quickly halt and survey from our precarious foothold the tumbling waters which seem lazily creeping down the face of tbe tremendous and towering background. Irresistibly impelled, one after another slides from tbe back of his pensive and subdued bronco, and 'ere for a second time lifting eyes to the front there is a general search for some solid rock or a securely rooted tree for a bolding-ou place. A half-hour or more is delightfully spent at the foot of the famed fall, sufficiently distant to escape the drench ing sprays and mists, yet near enough to study its beauty and contemplate with meas ured exactness the immensity of this perpen dicular descent of Y T o Semite. At the side and foot of the fall is a straight pine tree which Prof. Whitney has lined at 150 feet It is an object opon which the gaze of every tourist rests when seeking for something on which to base an estimate or comparison of the up-lifting walls towering nearly 2,000 feet above it, and over which in a worn rocky notch tbe waters of tbe cataract push their way and feather to the abyss below. To see all we now see we are especially favored by the timeliness of our visit. The water flow, which in June and July becomes decreased to a vapory spread of a few feet, is in May at its full, and l.ke the Bridal Veil and other falls is seen at its best. Enough of this wonder-seeiqg for one day. More confident and self-contained we turn back with less of fear and doubting than we came. The valley is again safely reached and at 6 o'clock all dismount at headquarters, wearied somewhat, but immensely satisfied with our trip. After dinner with the crowd our party for an hour or more look upon the waterfall, the beauty of the sunset and the loveliness of the landscape. Night gathers down ; the sombre shadows of lofty pines and spreading oaks dim the near vistas bounded by the huge buttresses upreared in background ; all are filled full with sight seeing and wonder-gazing for one day, and tired nature finally seeks rest in the sleepy beds which are cradles of repose in Yo Semite. The best part of three days have thus been spent in and about this charming valley. Tbe elevated points visited, the unrivalled views taken, tbe imposing sights of mountain and waterfall, can never fade from our memory. We were particularly favored in an early morning visit to Mirror Lake. It is a two miles carriage drive from Black's. Sufficient snow had fallen during the previous night to cover the ground, and clothe tree and shrub in a mantle of white. The water reflection was unique and perfect beyond anything usu ally witnessed. The cliffs on either side for thousands of feet were clearly defined in their reversed portraiture. The sun risiDg clear and warm, every branch and twig re flected in the lake a string of glittering jew els. It was a sight for novelty and beauty not equalled by any other met with in the valley. On the hurricane deck of trained and ex perienced broncos, our party, after tbe fash ion of others who have preceded us, have threaded the angulated trails penetrating to Varna! and Neyada Falls, viewing from foot and top their magnificent plunges of 400 and 700 feet respectively. At Snow's Tavern, near the upper pool, an old-fashioned dinner was served. A chicken pot-pie with dump lings was conspicuous as a center dish. Our eager stomachs spared only the dish itself. There was a great bowl of apple jelly made by Mrs. Snow from fruit gathered from her own orchard in the valley. The old lady, interrupting our extravagant praises of her culinary accomplishments, spiced the repast with many quaint witticisms brought with her "all the way from Vermount nigh on to twenty years ago." The kind hostess every body who calls will remember ever after tor her rare entertainment and the motherly in terest shown in behalf of her guests. It is quite impossible in any letter I can get the chance now to write to convey an ade quate idea of the scenery, grand and pictur esque, which from every point of observation is vividly impressed upon the mind. It is within bounds to say that from Glazier Point and other cloud-resting heights climbed by members of the party, stupendous and ex pansive views are presented Buch as probably nowhere else can be obtained in the Sierras. We are ready now to retrace our journey, and to morrow start on our return to the Bay. We have staging to Medary, 80 miles, where ws take the railway to Frisco, 150 miles. On the trip up we all tarried a day at Clark's, visiting the Mariposa Grove, and taking in the whole of the 600 Big Trees standing within a space of two miles square. The height of these forest monarchs are from 230 to 300 feet. They are of the Red wood or Sequoia gigantea species, and are one of the amazing sights to which the tourist visiting the Pacific Slope turns with greatest avidity. The "Grizzly Giant," the largest of the clus ter, is said to measure at its buse 101 feet in circumference. We took the measure of "Washington," another of the Big ones, and found its circumference to be 98 feet. Riding with our party through the grove was a bridal couple who contributed somewhat to the interest of the jaunt. The groom in age was thirty-five (35) years, while scarcely eighty (80) summers had swept over the pow dered chignon of the youthful bride, who de clared, somewhat to the confusion of her husband, that she had grandchildren nearly old enough to be fathers. Be was a preacher and she took him for her spiritual comfort. She had dneats and be took her for his world ly wants. When the bride—inquisitive as such silly ones usually are—wanted to know <( the age of these big trees," the blunt-worded guide answered back, "Well, old gal, 1 don't know jest bow long you've lived, bnt I think them trees is older than yon ; leastwise, some of 'em is right on ter three thousand years old." The self.riser was questioned no more. I conclude this with the remark that 1 have seldom if ever journeyed with a more jolly and agreeable company than tbe party with whom it was my good fortune to join. My companions were Mr. D. W. Russell, of Boston, a traveled gentleman of intelligence and most engaging sociability ; Miss Alice Smith, Mr. Russell's neice, a delightfully agreeable young lady, of Oakland ; Mr. Jas. K. Burtis, of Chicago, a pleasant gentleman who excelled in story-telling and conundrums; his wife, one of the pleasantest ladies I ever me» ; his daughter, Miss Lulu, an accom plished musician, whose trained voice accom panied Mr. Russell's baritone in many soul moving airs, and whose bright wit kept eve rybody*^ excellent humor; Mr. W. W. Wil son, of Lincoln, Neb., a solid gentleman of keen discernment, a lover of flowers, and one of the most dauntless climbers and enthusias tic tourists of the lot ; and Dr. Dale, Surgeon U. S. N., a young man we all liked for his affability and spirit and enterprise in contrib uting to the comfort and enjoyment of his fellow-tourists. I may never after parting in San Francisco see one of the party again, but I shall hold their memory dear as acquaint ances and friends in whose company I visited the grandest wonders of California and spent one of the most delightful touring periods of my life. _ R. E. F. TUE CHINESE QUESTION. By late advices from China it would seem that there was quite a general expecta tion that the embargo on Chinese immigra tion would be established by the United States, and the prospect, it is said, gave con siderable satisfaction in certain circles. It is intimated that retaliatory proceedings were in readiness to prevent Americans from setting foot on tbe soil of the Celestial empire. Proper retaliation we certainly could not ob ject to, nor, so far as we could see, would there be anything in its results to lament. If our government prohibited any particular class of Chinese from being landed on our shores, it would be proper retaliation to pre vent similar classes of Americans from land ing in China, and we can't conceive of any body in this country who would object. 8o too if we prohibited more than fifteen Chi nese being brought into our ports on any single vessel, let China show proper retalia tion, measure for measure, and we will not complain. We should not tear out our hair or eyes even, if the worst results intimated were to ensue, if all immigration or even if all trade were interdicted. The Chinese trade has never been a very essential or profitable one to this country. We have mostly traded silver for tea and though this article has come into very general use and considerable esteem, we should not perish to be deprived of it. But even should commercial inter course between the United States and China cease, it would not follow that we should be deprived of tea, nor would our products cease to flow that way, only the trade would be carried on through other nations. Eng land would not be excluded, we may be sure, for that question has been settled more than once, without China having much to say on the subject. We mention this to show that there can be nothing terifying to contemplate the worst possible results that could have flowed from the bill that the President vetoed. Our chief and almost only objection lay in the dishono rable method of abrogating and modifying treaties. We could most serenely contem plate an entire prohibition of immigration on both sides, with the right of residence to commercial traders limited to the narrow* est bounds. Europe is able to furnish all the imtni* grants that we are likely to want'. Those who come to us from that quarter are of our own blood and lineage, capable of becoming in a short time intelligent citizens. Consid ered in every way an average European is worth a hundred Chinamen as an acquisition. It must be borne in mind that the multiplica tion of machinery and increased use of steem have revolutionized the world within the sin gle generation passed. This revolution has been greater in the United States than in any other part of the world. We do so much by machinery now that used to require bands, that we no longer weed the immigration from any source that was once accounted necessa ry to our proper growth. We not only run mills and do all kinds of manufacturing by machinery, but we cultivate our farms also by the same means. It is time we were becoming a little partic ular about the immigrants that should be invited and welcomed. So long as there are so many unemployed of our uwn kin, we hardly want any body from any quarter, and we want none at any time who dhnnot be come citizens. Of those who can be made citizens we want those who can be trans formed into the best grade and quality in the least time and at the least expense. This is a question peculiarly adapted to dispassionate consideration. Grant'« Return. Washington, May 22.— General Grant in a recent letter from Singapore writes to a friend in this city that he and his party ex pect to reach San Francisco some time in July. m ■ i mi m Decline in Freights. St. Louis, May 23.—Freights to the sea board dropped this morning to 8 cents per barrel on flour to New York ; 15 cents to Boston, and 15 cents per handled on grain to New York. SLATER*» CHINESE BILL. Senator Slater, of Oregon, has introduced another bill intended to check the influx of Chinese, while avoiding the objections urged by the President to Sargent's bill. We learn the scope of the bill from fuller details tele graphed to the Salt Lake Herald. It simply forbids Chinamen the exercise of any rights and enjoyment of any privileges except resi dence and commerce , named in the treaty. It prohibits their engaging in mining, (arming, manufacturing, or any sort of manual labor, or owning or leasing any premises therefor. It is very doubtful if the bill will find favor through the East, where little is known of the Chinamen except through a few who have been sent over by missionaries and been edu cated into rather fine specimens of manhood. Eastern people think also that the antipathy against this people is really confined to the hoodlum element, and that the political lead ers are bidding against one another to gain votes from this class. This assumption and all inferences from it are incorrect. The opposition stands on broader grounds than a simple competition between laboring classes. hon. Samvel atlean. Col. Samoel McLean, our Delegate in Con gress from 1864-68, died in Nodaway county, Virginia, August 16, 1878. It is a strange comment on tbe mutability of human affairs and a striking example of the tireless whirl and restiez activity of the American people, that the first Delegate from Montana, who represented it for three years in the CoDgress of the United States, should have passed so utterly out of the sight of our people in four or five years, and whose death ten or eleven years later should remain unknown to our citizens for months after that event occurred. Col. McLean was a native of Pennsylvania, whence he came to Colorado, and in 1862 to what is now Montana. He was widely kcown among the early settlers of the moun tains, was engaged in various mining enter prises, and by a fortunate turn in affairs was elected in 1864 and again in 1865 to Congress. Without great mental activity, he was never theless a genial, kindly man, with a noble impulse, and bis death will come to the knowledge of his old friends with sincere re gret. He had become the owner of a consid erable tract of land about thirty miles west of Richmond, where in recent years he had re sided, and where his estimable wife and chil dren now are. The Montana Company. Wickes, Montana, May, 22, 1879. To the Editor of the Herald. President Wickes, of the Montana Compa ny receutly arrived from New York. He is making a very searching effort to discover the cause of their several failures here ; to learn if possible wherein lies the fault— whether the ores have been unskillfully treated, or their extensive and costly works unsuited for an economical and proper re duction of the rich but complex ores of this section, or whether the management has been faulty ; and to this end he has Mr. Dagget, a mining expert from Utah, to ad vise and aid him in his efforts. They are in dustriously engaged from day to day in ex amining their works, the mines and ores, and, doubtless, within two weeks the interested public will learn whether work will be re sumed here. We commend the movement, and trust that President Wickes, as a highly successful business man, can, and will probe thé matter to the bottom ; and from our standpoint, his probe will not have to run deep to reach the cold facts. We further commend the Mon tana Company for having exhibited a spirit of enterprise and fair dealing such as never has before been shown in this Territory by any New York company, in that they have, after repeated failures, come to the rescue with large sums of money to wipe out their obligations, the last of which, we learn, will be canceled as soon ss Mr. Wickes can get an intelligent knowledge of the outstanding claims. We most sincerely hope for the good of all interested, that Mr. Wickes will, in good time, bring matters to such an issue that the wheels will once more roll in their works ; that able management will stand at the helm ; that a practical and experienced man will direct the mettallurgical department; that fair and prompt dealing, and efficient work, will prevail in every department. Under such an order of things there cannot be any uncertainty of a successful result. The treatment of a similar class of ores in Colorado is not an enigma there, where they are reduced in a very successful and econom ical manner. The ores are in our mines in abuudance, and of a desirable grade, and the output can soon be large if a steady market can be assured.the owners, who as a class are poor men, and cannot afford to extract their ores for a spasmodic market. President Wickes, we welcome you in our midst, and will warmly sustain you in all fair business propositions, and we consider you unequal to any other. Our success will be mutual—let us attain it. You in your works, we in our mines as ore producers. This is the desire and wish of every intelli gent miner. A. M. E. The Four Per Cents. Washington, May 23.—The subscriptions to the four per cents are $1,893,729. It has become apparent the remainder of the certifi cates unsold will not last more than six days. Applications for United States depository designations hereafter received will be de clined by the Department. ON THE WING. Bozeman, May 20. On Tuesday last we climbed on deck au antediluvian vehicle and cast loose the haws, er of "Old Tom," preparatory to taking a cruise among the farmers of the valley. Our horse is old—he is very old ; in fact he is a species of the century plant ; and in our opin ion there is no doubt but that a hundred years ago, when our forefathers were battling for freedom, Tom was in existence. A shrewd, observing creature is he, with an enormous capacity for oats and a sharp eye out for the main chance. We had much dif ficulty in getting up steam on our new craft, and it was only after a thorough application of whalebone that we finally gathered head way and bore down on tbe settlements along the East Gallatin. Wo found the farmers very busy with their Spring work, but when they were informed that the Helena Weekly Herald would be supplied them for the remarkably low price of five dollars a year, most of them not al ready taking the paper found time to stop long enough to give us their names and post office address. This has been one of the dry est Springs known in this section for many years, and unless copious rains soon come the crops will sustain serious damage and the yield of grain be materially affected. As a sample of what a woman can do in Montana, we will mention the fact that Mrs. Robt. Wills has this last season cleared nearly $500 by tbe sale of chickens and eggs. One of the greatest difficulties she has met with in the business has been the depredations commit ted by hawks,250 young chickens having been killed by them during the year. Strange to say, ducks and turkeys are never molested, and as they can be easily raised and com mand a much better price, she will in the future devote her attention entirely to them. Of course we stopped to inspect the mam moth new mill of Geo. W. Thomas, which has all the modern improvements that have been invented during the past few years. Then we drifted into the little hamlet of Spring Hill, which is situated close up under the mountains. Here we find another fine flour mill, which is owned and operated by Mr. Geo. S. Lewis; a saw mill owned by Miss Annie Ryan, where a large amount of lumber is manufactured each year; and a blacksmith shop, the property of Mr. T. C. Crane. We found him busily at work on an ingenious contrivance which he invented himself to be used in hoisting water out of a mine. To us it looked as though the machine would empty lake Erie in a week if it was only possible to keep the water from running back again. We anchor one night with Mr. Vard Cock rell, who this Spring ha9 put in a fine new bridge across the West Gallatin, which is a very great improvement. Of course such thing8Cost money, but Yard basa faculty for making a good deal and could afford to build a bridge or two most any day. A pleasant ride of four miles, the road a great portion of the way being bordered by little groves at present in the fresh beauty of Spring verdure, brings us to Hamilton. Here we find Mr. John Potter, who has a fine store and a large and well-assorted stock of gene ral merchandise. Mr. Potter also combines the practice of law with his other business, and seems to have as much on his hands as he can attend to. On reaching the Gallatin we learned that Messrs. Nixon & Barton had this spring built four new bridges which cross the Galla tin and its several branches. These bridges are Intended to accommodate the settlers on the East Gallatin, who in passing down the valley have heretofore been obliged to go many miles around. It is a much needed improvement, and we predict will in a pecu niary way be a good investment for the pro prietors. Mr. Phillip Thorpe we found busy with his band of horses, which are most of them thoroughbred Americans. Mr. G. L. Proffitt last fall brought 1500 sheep from Nevada. They have wintered well and his crop of lambs promises to be large. We now, by great exeriion, got on a full head of steam and take our course along up the west Gallatin. Among the improve ments in this section we noticed the new frame house of W. H. Marion, which is nearly completed. He made his own sash and doors and built tbe house without assis tance. Work on 'the building was begun last fall, which shows how much can be ac complished duriug the winter months, which to many are entirely unproductive. Further up we found a new saw mill, which is being erected by Z. Sales. It will soon be com pleted and in operation. We stopped for a moment at the flouring mill of J. J. Tomlin son, and learned that he had recently em ployed a competent miller, who thoroughly understands the manufacture of flour by the "new process," and as a consequence the farmers'of that section will have a better quality of bread than ever before. On Bear Creek we met Messrs. GarlickJs?Hutton, who last year brought a new steam thresher from the Stat« 9 . They will take the field with tbe machine early in the fall. We are informed that the grasshoppers are hatching out in considerable numbers on the upper Gallatin, and it is possible the valley may be again afflicted with the pests this sea son. On approaching Bozeman we passed the ranch of Douglass Fenruson, one of the solid men of this section. His hay . r ^° c T i .V i one of the finest we have seen and yields nt annually an income which to a newspape man would seem a small fortune. At 18 our starting point is reached, and witn much regret we bid adieu to our ne y craft and the ancient old dolphin who P pelled it. FRED. M. WILSON.