Newspaper Page Text
Utaa UMtto UtalÄ,
FISK BHOS.j - - Publishers. R. E. FICK, - - Editor. i lt« H.M>AY, JTUftE Ô, 1879. THE OHIO KOHINATIOS. I lie news of Charles Foster's nomination b\ the Republicans of Ohio on yesterday for their candidate for Governor, will be regarded a> good work and a «tiro pro tu iso of success *>y ">e Republicans of the whole country. Hi« competitor, Judge Taft, who divided ou ii bun so neatly even the vote of the con v* ntion, would als.» have received favorable endorsement. It is hard to say which would Imvi* be.-n mat. Either would have been Heeled without difficulty in the present tem per and sentiment of the people. So also w mid Girfi.d i or Secretary Sherman, but in th«' ease of Hie two lutter gentlemen they are needed where they are too much to be spared lor any other purpose. Giifi.dd is the ac knowledged Republican leader of the House, w hile the management of the treasury so ably handled by Secretary Sherman is really ti>( most important post iu the country. By his good management it is possible to check in de or neutralize much of the damage that vvo. I't naturally ensue from the preseuce of a Doftot/raiie majority in Congress. While every «et of the Democratic party has been iii iidi tn destroy the nation's credit and di mmish its revenues, it ha 9 bee» a marvelous hcIi evement to sustain and even eubaucethxt er« d t Even if it were not the case that Ohio men tmein to he at the bead of everything national, having the Presidency, Chief Jus tice, Head of the Army, the Treasury aud 'tbe.V'.a.Vrship in the House of Represcnta the campaign at this juncture iu onoof l ii ge-t < f I lie central States would be regarded w 'di national interest. The extra session of Coi gress w .s forced upon the country at a e* 'si of millions of dollars for no other pur pose than to manufacture capital for the Democratic party. The attempt to draw this capital from the fraud investigations had dis a>t tonsly fuiled and the party was in bad shape. It was seen that unless the reign of fraud und violence could be upheld in the Sou'h aud restored in New librk City, that tb- re was no possible chance for any further Democratic ascendency. Hence the army b'U-f be as-ailed on the feigned pretext that they would be used to maintain a free elec tion, «ml the supervisors upon the plea that they wanted no one to look on what the pro posed to do. We want to see how* the country regards the acts of the present Confederate C ngtass. The Ohio campaign will furnish tue chance to feel of tho nation's political piiLe. We are confident that the soft money d.-m-i m that has Carried away some good mm imo Hie Democratic swamp, has run its ' "Utse and is on the decline. We remember how once this Empire State of the West gave I a hundred thousand majority for Gov. Brough ! w Im n a similar issue was presented to ber I people. Probably Bishop will receive the Democratic nomination, as it is clear Thur man is afraid of the result and the damage con*, quent to his political prospects. | WILLIAM LLOYO »ABKISOX. The death of this original, consistent and! famous abolitionist, which occurred in New York ou nie 23d of May, is deserving of more tuaii passing mention. Garrison's parents were natives of New Brunswick, • though he was born in Newberryport. The young man grew to maturity under the most discourag ing ou* ward circumstances. He learned tbe piiu er's trade in his native town and here fir-t tried his pen at writing. Having been connected with some temperance and anti si .very papers in Boston and Bennington that tant w.ili poor support. Garrison became f un »us as a martyr to principle at Baltimore, while associated with a Quaker named Lundy, in advocating emancipation. For denounc ing the sale of slaves as domestic piracy he was prosecuted for libel and imprisoned lor hi* inability to pay the fine and costs. After seven weeks in jail his fine was paid by Ar thur Tapp tp, of New York, and he then de voted himself to lecturing on slavery. Even iuihecity of Boston so unpopular at thaï J time was tbe anti-slavery cause, that he could not get a public hall, nor even a church, but w is forced to accept the use of a hall occu pie.i hy an organization of infidels. Under great d'fti ulties he established and maintained tue Liberator in Boston. The Georgia legis- 1 1 tiu re offered $5,000 reward for the arrest ami couviction of the editor, and threats ol a*s'.g'inaiioii were received by every mail, several occasions was he attacked by O.i ra »in, and nearly lost his life ia the city of I B »siou during the early years of his labors. Opp »siiiou aud danger only the more deeply convinced him that he was right, and that slavery would destroy the nation unless it I could be overthrown. Yet at the same time G irrisou was as strong ft peace man a, » anti-slavery agitator. In April I 860 , Garrison I was one of the party that witnessed the rais- 1 ing of the United States flag over Fort Sump ter, when emancipation had become' an acknowledged and triumphant fact. In De cember, I 860 , his newspaper, the Liberator, after a coiuiuuance of 35 years, was discon tinued. having become "functus officio." 8 »on after the close of tbe war, his friends maile up and presented him a fund of $30,000 in recognition of services that had heretofore only been paid with persecution and attended 1 with poverty. Who woald not prefer the pure fame of such a moral hero and martyr . than the combined fame of a?l those who I pp »ke, fought or died in the unholy cause 0 f slavery. 1 PAKMAtiK OF rMR HILVfcK BILL. The telegraph informs us that the Silver Rill has passed the Senate by a large majority and now* goes back to the House for concur rence in amendments. It is also said that tbe bill is likely to receive executive approval and become a law*. We can only speak in general terms of its character, for it has un dergone almost as much transformation as I he boys jack-knife a'ter having a new blade aud bandle. It was framed and introduced for the purpose of securing free coinage of silver, so that the owners of silver bullion might take it to the mint and have its value enhanced twenty |>er cent, by having the pic ture of a buzzard stamped thereon. W< ile we should be very glad to see the value of sil ver increased by the general consent of the world, it would not he seeking to secure the greatest good to the greatest number to gi the few silver bullion producers the pocket ing of this fictitious value, aud compellin the large majority to accept it as legal tende at its inflated valuation. Such a transaction though covered by tbe mantle of legal form w'ould be nothing but robbery of the many to enrich the few. But this feature of the bill w*as defeated in the House and certainly never would have received the President' approval. The excess of the stamped value above the bullion value is to go iuto the U, S Treasury as now. Some will ergue th«t is just as much a robbery of the people for the government to enrich itself thus as to allow it to be done by others. The difference this, though all who receive this stamped silver suffer a share, these persons are all in tere*ted equally in nation's treasury,and may be said to ca'ch in one hand what is lost fron: the other. Further,also, the governmeut after having once put on its stamp is b »und to ac cept it in payment of revenues at its inll ited value, and while it makes one profit on the first passage through its hands, it will lose as often as it is ever afterwards piesented, though that may be a thousand times. Th whole transaction is one of ttsose peculi ones whereby everybody loses, only the gov ernment makes one gain before it begins to be a loser like everybody else. It is bard to say yet whether the circula tion of silver and its volume in use are to be much increased by the provisions of ti e new bill. So long as no approval is made in the coin value to the actual valup,any increase of circulation can only be an aggravation of evil of which evil that everybody will regret th .t our government is about to reopen cor respondence with the nations of the world for another conference to fix a relative valus tion between gold and silver, an appropria tion for this purpose having been inserted in the legislation appropriation bill. If there is a better prospect of agreeing to such a stan I dard, it is very unwise for us to be multiply ! ing coius that would surely have to be re I called and recoined. We very much doubt if there is anything in this silver bill that in any measure will redeem this extra session from its fixed character of utter uselessness and | unadulterated folly. an evil of which our own people are the sole victims, for no one beyond the reach of Uu ted States law will be imposed upon by its fictitious valuation. If it results in driving gold out of the country it will surely be an We are told Of Ornerai lulerettt to the People. The Herald Book Bindery, with all its I latest patterns ot machinery and material, is I complete in every respect. We are prepared I to execute any and all work, in any and all I 8t ytes that may be desired. We make a spec Dilty blank account books, which we rule, print, (if desired), page and bind to order, in I a °y B ' ze or ® f ylô. The business men of the Teriitory are requested to get our prices be fore sending their orders east. We use the best standard ledger papers, and will do work as cheap as it can be laid down here. We can furnish county officials with rec ord and assessor's books, and all books and blanks required in their several offices. Have a latest patent paging and numbering I m,t chine, and can number checks, drafts, re I ce 'P ts » etc. Attorneys can get their books rebound in calf, sheep, or any suitable Law Library binding at reasonable prices. There is scarcely a family in the Territory ^ Hl bas not one or more years of magazines or P a P ers that they value, yet in an unbound condition they are unhandy to get at and un tidy in appearance. For a small 6 um they Car * he neatly bound in durable volumes, They then become not only an ornament, but are mu ch more valuable, and are read and re-read with comfort and gratification. Instead of having your music scattered all over your piano, send it to us and have it bound. A number of volumes of music turned oul by us have given great satisfaction. Books that have come out of their covers can he replaced. All kinds of repairing done expeditiously at small cost, Parties at a distance can save expense by clu b h j?g together and sending their books, TÄ ££? wii! Mde'when a numbei of volumes are included in one order, Address all orders to FISK BROS., Helena. o?Copp'8 I as a of in the and ing and Anotner Installment o?Copp'8 Hand Book. The Herald within the past year has sold nearly 200 copies of "Copp's Hand Book of Mining." The supply having been several weeks ago exhausted, we ordered another shipment of 50 copies, part of which have now come to hand. They can be procured . a J * by application at the Herald counting room, or entered through the mail. Sold for the publisher's price —$1 per copy. VENICE« A Two Weeks Visit to the "Queen of the Adriatic / 9 Peculiar Formation of the Quaint Old City ; Its Grand C.nal and 146 Smaller Ones; Piazza of San Marco; Churches ; The Famous Bronze Horses and the Winged lion; The Doge's Palace; The Priso:* and the Bridge of Sighs. Etc., Etc Venice, April 28, 1879. The distance from Florence to Venice is 185 miles aud about equi-disiaut betvveeu these cities is Bologna, a town of one hundred and ten thousand inhabitant.-'. Here we stopped over one day ami were well repaid for the time spent in seeing the sights of that quaint old place. It is finely situated at the foot of the Appennines, between the rivers Reno, Aposa and Savena aud is one of the most an cient cities in Italy. It has borne a conspic uous part iu the world of arts and numbers among its painters, Guido, Rene, Domtni chuis, the two Caraccis, Guercioa, Albana and Lanfranca. Some ot tbe masterpieces of these great artists we saw at the Gallery in this ci'y. The exterior view of Bologna is ex ceptionally fine; its numerous churches, con vents and palaces, its beautful cemetery, its lofty aud peculiar towers and arcades, give it a very singular and interesting appearance. Among the famous institutions of Bologna is the University and Museum of Antiquities. The last named contains a library of 200.000 volumes. The rooms in which the library is contained are 18 in number and the entire length 600 feet. Connecting with these are four rooms containing Egyptian curiosities and a large number of relics lately excavated at the Campo Santo, consisting of perfect skeletons in every possible position, one be longing to a giant eight feet high. Most of the skeletons were 3,000 years old. Many weapons composed of stone have also been excavated said to be G,000 years old. The university mentioned above is of the oldest >f the kind in the world, it having been found ed in the 12th century. At one time the num ber of students was upwards of 10,000. It was at first a school of jurisprudence, but at a later period the sudy of medicine and phil osophy was introduced. Here also galvan ism was discovered by Joseph Galvani, in 1789. Ttie Campo Santo is one of the interesting sightsof Bologna. It is situated just outside the walls and while there we drove out and spent an hour very pleasantly. The custodian told us that the cemetery contained 320,000 graves, about three times the present number of in habitants of Bologna. We saw many very magnificent tombs and monuments. It is claimed that this is tbe finest Campo Santo in Europe, at least the Bolognaites claim this. We believe, however, that it is nottqual to the one at Genoa which w*e visted on our trip from Nice to Rome in December last. A five hours ride from Bologna brings us to tbe beautiful city of VENICE. Sight-seeing where we have been during the past two weeks—the "Queen of the Adri atic" is unrivalled as to beauty and situation. I t is built on 114 islands and its peculiar for mation renders it singularly attractive. Tbe islands lie in the midst of extensive lagoons which surround it on all sides, and access to tbe city is at certain seasons difficult, as some of these lagoons are dry at low water. The Grand canal, which takes its course through the city in the shape of a letter 8 , is intersec ted by 146 smaller canals, over which there are 306 bridges, cut into steps on either side. These canals form the water-streets of Ven ice, the principal part of the commerce of the city being carried on by means of gondo las. The gondola supplies the place of cabs, as carriage or horseback ridiDg is out of tbe question, the streets being so narrow, many of them not more than 4 or 5 feet wide. It is a graceful craft, long, narrow and light, and cu's its way so rapidly through tbe water that a person can be conveyed to any portion of the city in a short time. They are painted black, in accordance with an ancient munici pal law, and present the sombre appearance of hearses. The Grand canal, which varies in width from 100 to 180 feet, is crossed by the principal bridge of the city—the famous Rialto , built of marble in 1591. Tbe view from this is grand. It is 90 feet in the span, aud is divided into three parts, a narrow street, with shops on either side, running through the centre. The Rialto is a place with which my friend Travis, of the Com missary Department, is familiar. Venice is noted for its manufactories, the glass works the important. About 400 men and women are employed here. The cele brated Venetian mirrors, artificial pearls and colored beads are manufactured here. Print ing is also very extensively carried on. Venice has the reputation of being a desirable and attractive place of residence, but this is a little overdrawn. The exceedingly narrow streets, the knowledge that you are compelled to go about in gondolas and almost exclusively dependent on these little vessels for locomo tion and transportation, the absence of rural scenery and other things combined, render it anything but a desirable city for a place of residence. The salt water and the constant flowing and ebbing of the tides make it en durable, but if the water was fresh it is said that Venice would be uninhabitable. The largest and od1>' public square of any consequence is San Marco, which is of an ob long form—600x800 feet. This, with the piazzetta, forms tbe state entrance to Veuice from the sea. On one side is the venerable palace of the Doges, and on the other the mint aud library ot St. Mark. Two colossal granite columus, each of a single block, one bearing the statue of St. Theodore, protector of tbe republic, aDd the other crowned with the winged lion of St. Mark, stand on the fourth side of the piazzetta, on the sea shore. In tbe evening when lighted bygas, San Mar co presents a sceue of wonderful beauty. It is the only promenade tbe Venetians bave, and festivals and masquerades are trtquently given there. There are some fine mansions in Venice, mostly built on heavy piles, but as a general thing they are devoid of good taste, aud more remarkable for their gorgeous style and dis play. They are a combination of Roman and Gotbie*architecture. The singularity of their etyle renders them peculiarly attractive. CHURCHES. Of the many churches iu Venice the most remarkable is the Cathedral of San JJarco . built more than a thousand years ago. It is constructed in the form of a Greek cross and is a mixture of R.iman and Greciau architec ture. Nearly 600 marble pillars, mostly brought from Greece, support the decorations of this edifice. Over the arched doorways the front are the four famous bronze horses said to have been found in the house of Nen at Rome, and carried to Constantinople by Theodosius and removed hy the Venetians about 600 years ago to San Marco. After wards they were taken to Paris hy Napoleon and placed on the Arc de Triompha where they remained until 1815, when they were brought back to Venice and placed iu their old position. The vaulting, and nearly the entire wall iuside the church, are covered tfiih rich marbles and mosaics ; the columns are of verd, antique and porphyry, and the pavement is composed of small pieces of white and variously colored marbles, agate and jasper, all arranged in such a style as to be exceedingly attractive. The spiral col umns supporting one of the altars in the choir are of oriental alabaster and were taken from the Temple of Solomon. At least the custodian as well as our guide soinformed us. The next church in importance which we The next church in importance which we visited was Santa Maria Dalla Fran , built in the 11th century. It contains two magnifi cent marble monuments—Titian's and Cano va's—the former erected at the personal ex pense of the Emperor of Austria. Thu tomb of Doge Nicolo Tron is also fine. It is com posed of six stones, ornamented by nineteen full length figures, is 70 feet ia bight and 50 in width. In addition to these monuments there are several good paintings by Titian and Bellini. The Church of Santa Giovanni , also built in the Eleventh century, is somewhat noted for its valuable works of art in sculpture and painting. It contains, among others, the splendid monument of Doge Andrea Vendra nim, and some excellent paintings by Titian and Tintoretto. tanta Maria Dalla Salute, probably the most beautiful church in Venice, was erected, we learn, &9 a monument of thanksgiving after tbe disappearance of tbe pestilence in 1630, at which time 60,000 inhabitants died. Among the works of art which contribute to make this church so noted, is Titian's cele brated picture of tbe "Descent from the Cross" and Tintoretto's "Marriage of Cana." THE DOGE S PALACE. We devoted one day to this famous old palace, and did not regret it, though if the tourist sees it thoroughly the task is some* what irksome. There are eight gates by which it is entered, tbe principal leading into the Cortile, around which are two stories of arcades. It is an immense structure and very imposing in its effect on account of its pecu liar architecture. We do not recollect the dimensions of this vast edifice, but it is draw ing it mildly to say that the Doge's palace is perfectly stupendous. It contains a picture gallery of great merit. There we saw Tinto retto's "Paradise," the largest oil painting in the world—85 feet long pnd 36 feet wide—in which are represented four hundred and fifty figures. This "Paradise" is upwards of 400 years old, hut is still well preserved. It is regarded as one of the great paintings of Eu rope. The library, which we next visited, contains many curiosities, not the least of which is the first hook printed iu Venice— Cicero ad Familiaris. From the palace the guide conducted us through the gloomy and intricate passages and cells of the prisons connected with tbe Ducal palace. They are capable of accom modating 400 prisoners. Retracing our steps we were taken to the "Bridge of Sighs," im mortalized by Byron in these words : I stood in Venice, on the Bridge of Sighs ; A palace and a prison on each hand ; I saw from ont the waves her structure rise, As from the stroke of the enchanter's wand : A thousand years their cloudy wings expand Around me, and a dying glory smiles O'er the far times, when many a subject land Look'd to the winged lion's marble piles, Wh-re Venice sate in state, throned on her hun dred isles. Across this bridge, as the reader knows, criminals were conveyed to hear their sen tence, and from there led to their doom. From this we are told the famous Bridge of Sighs derives its melancholy name. Having "done" the Doge's Palace thoroughly, us well as the institutions connected with it, we were quite ready and willing to seek our ho tel and rest, satisfied with the labors of tbe day. No one who goes to Venice should fail to see the Doge's Palace. ACADEMY OF BELLE ARTS. We closed our sight seeing hire by a visit to the Academy of Belle Arts, located on the Grand Canal a sboit distance above our ho tel. There we saw Titian's master-piece "The Assumption." Also two other pictures by this celebrated artist, the "Visitation of 8 t Eliz beth" and the ^'Deposition," the 'former painted when he was 14 aud the other at the advanced age of 98. We noticed many other paintings of considerable merit, espec ially those by Paul Veronese and Bellini. Veuice has a cemetery notiu the city prop er, but on the island of Murano. which is a mile and a halt distant. Here the rich and poor, nobles and beggars, are buried together, the expenses of burial for the latter beiug paid by Governmeut. Those who have not visited Venice may labor under the impression that this quaint and peculiar old city—this city which is un like any other in the world—is devoid of streets. This is not the case however, hs there are thousands of little alleys, some of them not four feet wide, and every house in the city is accessible by land. These little streets and alleys, together with the innumer able bridges, enable the great mass of the in habitants to attend to their business äff »irs as in other Iowds and cities where every facility is iiffurded. There is neither a carriage or a horse in Venice, but these are not needed when they have as a substitute four lhuu*and gondolas and nearly eight thousand "gay gondoliers." During our peregrinations to-day we met the "Merchant of Venice," aud had quite an edifying conversation with him. He said times were hard at present, but spoke hope fully of the future. We met him ou the Ri alto, where he had only a small shop, the original house of Shylock having been con verted iuto a Government pawn-broker's office. And now*, having completed our sight-see ing in Venice, we propose to start to morrow for Milan aud from thence to the lakes of Como, Lugano and Maggiore. Tbeie we ex pect to spend-a week or so and theu continue our journey to Turin, Geneva, Berne, Basle, Strasbourg and Paris. D. W. F. —■< ». Th«* t*r«'Mi<i«'ni'M % «*io /rlvMHxge. Washington, May 29 —To-day's veto mes sage has been so long aud so accurately fure shawdowed that its actual reception created no excitement, and has called forth compara tively little comment in Washington political circles. The Republican Congressmen ap pear to be uuiversally satisfied wiih its plain and practical presentation of the argument in behalf of the continued existence of the fed eral election laws, and the Democrats, wiih equal unanimity, insist that the message mis represents the facts with regard to il.e man ner in which these laws have operated, aud that it therefore basis its maiu exclusions upon false premises. The report of the Con gressional committee bearing testimony as to the value and efficiency of these laws in the New York election of 1876. which is quoted by the President in to-day's message, was written and presented to the House of Repn sentatives in 1878 by Sunset Cox. The Re publican members greatly enjoyed this por tion of the message, and laughed derisively at Cox's efforts to procure a second reading of his production. It is noticeable that the President makes no comment upon tbe section of this bill which proposes amendments of tbe law concerning the method of drawing jurors and provide for the total abolition of the juror's test oath. Hence it is inferred, and is doubtless correct, that he is willing to approve these provis ions if presented to him in one or more sep arate bills, and this will probably be done. The effort to secure the repeal of the fed eral election laws will undoubtedly be post poned until next seesion, and the Legislative bill, according to the present outlook, will be passed this session in such terms as will minutely specify the purposes for which every dollar shall be expended, and without mak ing any provision for tbe payment of super visors or deputy marshals ot election. The President, of course, cannot well refuse to sign a bill because it does not appropriate for any particular object of this kin l, and this escape from the present dilemna is especia^y feasible, in view cf the fact that po Congres sional elections will be held next fall, except in the single State of California, and several prominent Democrats who have hitherto couselled extreme measures, express the opin ion to-day that the army appropriation bill will be passed divested of all ' riders," except a 6 imple proviso that troops shall not be used at the polls for political purposes. One of the President's most it fiuentia) ad visors says that a bill going no further ihm this would undoubtedly receive the Executive approval without hesitation. •mm ♦» ^----- Indian Raid and Murder. San Francisco, May 28.—A Walla Walla dispatch says : A party of Indians made a raid on the South Fork of Salmon river, Idaho, 14 miles distant from Warren's, and two white men, Hugh Johnson and Pascall Dawson, were killed. The killing was doubt less done by the tame band who killed tbe Chinamen at Loon Creek last winter. The country through which they roam is very rough and mountainous, with no roads and only game trails along the steep mountain sides. There is no general outbreak. The Indians are a mere handful, who have lived in the canyons of Salmon river, and belong to Sheepeater's tribe. There is no cause for alarm, as the Indians are so few. Tburmnu 10 be Noininnted. Washington, May 28.—Thurman will un doubtedly be nominated by the Democrats for Governor of Ohio.