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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - - Editor. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 2 , 1879. Five newspaper men will occupy seats in the new California Legislature. The Chicago Times remarks that there is more joy among the Republicans oyer one State that returns to the fold than oyer the twenty-odd that didn't go astray. A Mississippi Democratic paper, the Vicks burg Herald , says, satirically : "We are not so terribly down on the 'best citizens' of Yazoo as they seem to think. But we do hope the next man shot will receive the wound in the breast or the forehead." "We are daily striving to improve," grave ly remarks our Democratic neighbor. It isn't everybody that can afford to wear pebble spectacles to find that out, and we suggest, therefore, that our contemporary try a little more clearly to make its alleged efforts dis cernable to the naked eye. Too much Mississippi is killing the Demo cratic party in the North. The letters and speeches of Jefferson Davis, the insane rav ings of the Okolona States, and the murder ous shotguns of the Gullys in Kemper county and the Barksdales in Yazoo, are the most eloquent arguments yet offered against Dem ocratic domination. Nothing short of the adoption of the Yazoo plan can save the regular Democratic ticket in New York this fall. If Gov. Rob inson or Clarkson N. Potter would take trusty double-barrel shot-gun and fill John Kelley full of buckshot, as Barksdale did Dixon in Yazoo, the Independent movement might die in New York as suddenly as it did in Mississippi. Why not try the experiment Says the New York Tribune: The aver age Democrat will read Mr. Field's free handed drawing of Mr. Tilden's transaction in elevated railroad stock, and will chuckle "I tell you, Sammy is awfully sly ! He's the man for us, for, look you, there's a clean million of fresh money in that barrel, which the old man is prepared to spend in 1880 Has any other man in the party that amount to spend on us ? 'Rah for Tilden and Re form!" The Chicago Tribune gives currency to singular rumor in Wisconsin that Alexander Mitchell is about to give the cold shoulder to the Democratic party as well as to its recent convention at Madison. It is well known that he neither supported the ticket nor the platform made at Fond du Lac two years ago, and that he was one of the heaviest con tributors to the "Honest Money League, from first to last. It is even rumored that he made liberal donations two years ago to the campaign fund of the Republicans. Oub cotemporary is eminently satisfied with itself.— Independent. Yes, tolerably well satisfied, thank you There is reason in it Wide-awake people very generally agree that the Herald is a wide-awake paper. The odds are too great for any one to get up a dispute about it. We suppose it to be true that, in point of num bers and intelligence, the Herald constitu ency pans out more to the square yard than any pretentions of the Independent in that direction does to the square mile. The differ ence between a live newspaper and a decrepit organ is the difference between the Herald and the Independent. Ex-Governor Hoffman's resignation from Tammany is not regarded with that awe which he no doubt expected to inspire. The Troy Times comments upon it in this heart less manner : "Ex-Governor Hoffman does not feel under any special obligations to the Tammany Society, as at present organized. It was to the old Tammany ring, under the direction of Tilden and Tweed, that he owed his election to the Gubernatorial chair in 1808, through repeating, ballot-box stuffing and false counting. Naturally he wants to show his gratitude, and so hastens to the support of Robinson, the agent and tool of his ancient friend Tilden. The ex-Governor would doubtless be equaliy anxious to gratify Tweed if that worthy were still in the flesh and need ed aid in the same way that Tilden does." UNDEBGBOUND IRRIGATION. Yankee ingenuity, wrestling with the prob lem how to reclaim the deserts of Southern California, is making wonderful progress, and we have little doubt will conquer every difficulty. One of the latest developments is a system of irrigation through pipes laid below the reach of plow or spade, with holes through which the water escapes, so arranged that the whole is moistened. These pipes are made of concrete, laid in trenches, m»ng a tin pipe for a core, drawing it out as the concrete hardens. It wonld seem as if it would cost a fortune to nuderlay an acre in this way, but it is said that the expense is only from $20 to $40 per acre. This of course is considerable more surface irri gation costs at first, but if we count the greater economy of water as well as of ground and of labor, the balance #€ account will be one of large saving. Perhaps it will not pay to irrigate wheat lands by this method, but for orchards and garden^ even of great ex tent, it is destine# to be the favorite plan. 1 to in is of PI'BLIL' LASD LAWS. We are glad to observe that the General Government has adopted the only sensible course to obtain light, by sending out com petent men into different parts of the country to study the subject in its practical workings. The system of surveys that has been extended over the prairies and river bottoms of the West, though the best in many respects that the world has ever seen, is not as well adapt ed to the high plains, the grassy foot-hills and the vast mountain portions of our Wes tern Territories. We would not advise any further departure from the rectangular system of survey exist ing than is necessary. Wherever it is ap plicable it is still the best. But it is easy to see that under it the portions that command any water supply will be first taken up and afterwards the rest is comparative worthless A locator who takes up a piece of land with a spring can virtually become the owner of ten thousand acres. When every water right has been taken and all the lands touching on a water course, who will want the vast resi due of uplands at any price ? It is evidently the wisest course for govern ment to subdivide its lands in surveying them so that at some point each will include some water right. To push blindly forward on the false theory that each quarter section is capable of independent use and occupation is the extreme of folly. Some quarters are worth a hundred times as much as others, while much the greater part is worthless, yet all are offered at the same price. It may be found that artesian wells can be sunk to reach a water supply on portions of the great plains, but this is as yet an unsolved problem and is not safe to rely upon. If the surveys are so made that large tracts can be sold together, each including some spring or reaching to some stream of water, there will be no trouble to dispose of all the pasture lands at fair prices. Yet these prices ought to be graduated, for a quarter section of upland should not have the same price fixed on it as one in the rich river bottoms. And when we come to the timber lands, which lie mostly in the mountains, still very different policy and system should be applied. We are not sure that they should be surveyed or sold at all, but should be generally subdivided into districts and put in charge of keepers or agents of the govern ment and open on some reasonable terms for all to get wood or timber who like. The ob ject and policy of the government should be to prevent any one from monopolizing such prime necessaries as water and timber. The present lack of any intelligent system is the most wasteful in the world. Our best timber is being recklessly destroyed, and we shall suffer at no distant day in consequence. With proper care and management our forests will continue to yield a sufficient supply for all reasonable wants for generations to come. We are confident that at present there is more wasted and destoyed by fires and left to decay than is legitimately used. There is no use of selling the timber lands, for once the trees are gone there is no value to the land, so that the government might as well retain the title and thus control the ap proaches to the lands beyond, while some care should be used to promote the growth of timber on lands from which the timber has once been removed. Not only this, but young growing trees should not be allowed to be cut ; only such trees as have reached their prime, reserving others for future use and ak lowing no portions to be entirely denuded. Some kind of forest laws are an absolute necessity, and we believe such laws could be framed that would be a benefit and not a bur den upon our people, and at the same time afford to government a small revenue above the cost of the care that will preserve our timber from waste and prevent it from fall ing into hands that will make a monopoly of it. We cannot see how our people can look with indifference upon the present waste now going on, with the certainty that suffering will soon follow as a consequence. Already the mountains in the vicinity of our large towns are utterly waste. Fires have finished what was left and have destroyed the young trees that might have still covered them with verdure and in a few years have produced another crop of timber. It is the part of wisdom to regard the fu ture as well as the present, and none will pre tend that, as things are now going, we are even managing well for the present. A gen eral and thorough consideration of this subject is timely and must result in benefit to the government and all classes of people ; to the present and all future generations that will make their homes in the Rocky Mountain region. _ Subscriptions placed upon our books for the Daily and Weekly Herald for the eight months of the current year ending with Au gust, exceed eight hundred in number, or an average of more than one hundred a month. 1 Ye estimate that not less than twelve hun red new names will be added to our lists before the end of the year. The circulation of the Herald to-day is probably greater than ever reached by any other journal in any one of the Territories of the United States. Our Bonrbon neighbor will contiune to lag behind and keep in the rear of its con temporaries as long as it is satisfied with the Shadow and scorns the substance of journal ism. ■ Th* Louisville Courier-Journal, facing the returns from Maine, says, exhaustively: f*Hell Bent—The State of Maine Traveling Her Old Route, and the Pitch Hot." kidnapping. The case reported in yesterday's dispatches of a fiend by the name of Schuyler, at Little Falls, New York, getting into his possession a little school girl and attempting to hold her for the purpose of extorting money from her father, is one that so stirs our imagination that we cannot hold our peace. It is an at tempt to repeat the crime that was partially successful in the case of Charley Ross, though in the case of a young girl it can readily be conceived there would be circum stances of greater aggravation. It would seem that Schuyler had been studying the subject for some time, and had lists of child ren that he considered most eligible for his diabolical purpose. His first plan was to take the girl's little brother and demand a ransom of $5,000. At last he seems to have thought it easier to secure the girl by a plau sible story and extort a more moderate ran som. In the end, as the nature of his under taking seemed to present itself to him, his courage failed and he let the girl go upon making her swear never to disclose the name of her captor, and with a sort of conviction that this was a more dangerous and difficult way of raising money then at first supposed. Those who regard this simply as an at tempted crime will feel that it was right enough to release the criminal on $5,000 bail, but thinking of the real nature of the offense and what might have been the results if fully carried out, we cannot regard it other wise than a crime that should be beyond bail or pardon. Our first impulse would be that such a wretch should be torn in pieces and never live a day to meditate a similar crime. Every parent will feel an impulse to lay heavy hands on such a fiend who by this act has threatened every family circle in the land with the loss of its most precious treas ure. Who would not prefer immediate death a thousand times to the prolonged hor rors of dreadful doubt and all the possible tears of what the little innocent victim might be suffering. The man who could conceive of such a crime in this age and country is too wicked and dangerous a creature to live. Every day that he lives, even behind the thickest prison walls, the peace and security of every family is threatened. Every mother will feel an indiscriable dread to spare one of her children out of her sight for a moment. We have been accustomed to stories of brigandage in Greece and Italy, where per sons of wealthy familes have been carried off and held for ransom, or some times put to death, but we have only thought it possible to occur among savages or half civilized countries and people. It comes to us now in a thousand fold more horrible form as a ter ror to which we are all exposed. It is time to think seriously of the proper grade that such a crime should hold, and not only of the punishment it deserves, but the means necessary to prevent the accomplishment Probably every State and Territory has a law for the punishment of this crime of kidnap ping. In Montana the the highest penality is ten years imprisonment in the penitentiary Any one who will make a study of the subject with a personal application to his own cir cumstances and feelings, must confess that such a penalty is utterly inadequate to the enormity of the crime. Any person whose child has thus been abducted would not be only held guiltless but would be applauded in killing the abductor, and the law should re fleet universal opinion in fixing its penalties and preventing private individuals from taking into their own hands the exe cution of vengance. We are no admirers of lynch law, but confess that if those par ents whose children's names were found on Schuyler's list as intended victims shoulc seize, hang him or tear him to pieces, would seem to us more appropriate justice tl^an to see him walking about under the pitiful bonds of $5,000. a of It is is a disgrace to the nation that more has not been done to find Charley Ross and punish his abductor. If the Governor of Pennsylvania had offered a reward of $100,000 for the recovery of the chile and the conviction of the kidnappers it would have beenjmoney well spent. Every corner of the world ought to be ransacked, and the search never remitted till the child was found, its fate made certain and the guilty punished, eo that another attempt of the kind should never be thought possible of success. There is altogether too much spmpathy for criminals—too much negotiating with them. ! itany of the greatest crimes are not punished at all, and others very inadequately. We hope the thrill of universal indignation that is now running through every parent's heart in the land over this latest outrage may not evaporate in empty and pointless expressions Of indignation, but may concentrate into some effective measures that will bring greater se curity. _ Carnival Ball in San Francisco. San Francisco, September 25.—The car nival ball at the Pavilion to-night was a grand success. There were a large number of mask ers and many beautiful costumes. General and Mrs. Grant, Mayor Bryant, Governor Irwin, and others arrived about 10 o'clock and were conducted to a private box opposite the music stand. The box was elegantly draped with flags and ornamented with flow ers. The party was received with tumultu ous cheering. Their box was the center of attraction during their stay. After witness ing the scene for about an hour, General and Mrs. Grant withdrew. Memphis, September 25.—Three new cases have been reported and four more deaths have occurred. THE DEAD W OOD DISASTER. The impatience in Helena to learn addi tional news of the Deadwood fire prompted both the Herald and Independent to issue "extras" immediately the particulars of the great disaster were received by telegraph this morning. Numbers of those who were among the greatest sufferers by the conflagra tion which has leveled the chief town of the Black Hills were formerly residents and busi ness people here, and probably no other com munity felt so great anxiety to learn the extent of and who were involved in the mis fortune as Helena. Our people, from several similar experiences of their own, can under stand the severity of the blow to Dead wood, and their sympathies are additionally kindled by the knowledge that friends and acquaint ances and associates of the early days here are in part the principal losers by this de structive fire-burst in the hills of Dakota. Of buildings and contents burned are included those of Miller & McPherson and Star & Bullock, formerly of Helena, and the First National Bank, in which Messrs. Thum and Salisbury are large owners. The losses of business firms are protected to a considerable extent by insurance, as also the bank, where the loss was probably mostly confined to the building occupied. The pluck of the people of Deadwood is shown in their avowed de termination to immediately restore the burnt places and build anew a safer and more en during town. Measures have been taken to shelter the homeless and feed the destitute. Offers of assistance from Eastern merchants have been declined, and the same spirit in all respects that has under like circumstances animated the people of Helena has its coun terpart at Deadwood in the energy, enterprise and independence evinced, and in the reso lute purpose of its citizens to rise superior to adversity, re-build their town, and re-establish their business and their homes in greater safety and on a solider basis than before. FROM BLACK FOOT TO DES CHUTES There is a good deal of meaning in the little item published yesterday, to the effect that a contract had just been let to furnish 600,000 railroad ties for the line to connect the Utah & Northern Railroad at the mouth of Blackfoot creek, by way of Boise City, with the Columbia river at the mouth of the Des Chutes, about 90 miles below Umatilla. The rate at which the road has been pushed towards Montana this season, part of the way over a difficult section, shows how surely and rapidly the interval towards the Columbia will be spanned. The surveying will be com pleted this season, and work will go forward in the spring, so that Boise City will be reach ed within a year, and the Columbia within two years. The indications point to the conclusion that little more is going to be done in our direc tion than what is already surveyed and in the hands of the contractors. We had hoped that our predictions might prove unfounded when so many were saying that the road would be built as soon without exemption as with it. Still we hope their Montana busi ness, the favorable route for constructing a road, and the prospective travel to^the Park may induce the company to push on still nearer. They could build up a large and growing business before any competition would disturb them, and there would always be enough business to keep it well employee after the Northern Pacific was built. As soon as the connection is made with the Co lumbia there will be a good deal of trave. and traffic between this country and Oregon One of the things which seem most to puz zle the concern on upper Main street is why a Republican paper of the pronounced views of the Herald should circulate among people of all shades of politics, and be quotable at a premium everywhere, while a Bourbon sheet of the color and calibre of the Independent goes a begging even among its own partisans is eyed with the suspicion of a bad note, anc. taken, when at all, only at a heavy discount. The why and the wherefore are easily ex plained. The Herald is a high-minded, ably conducted journal. It has the best corps of editors and contributors to be found in the Territory. It is foremost as a newspaper, its lead in this respect dating from the early days. It is progressive, enlightened, and keeps always abreast of the age in which it lives. In fact, in every essential helping to make a first class publication, the Herald anticipates rather than awaits the demands of the public. Well nigh the opposite of all this is what ails the Independent. It obvi ously must introduce sweeping reforms if it would attain to anything like the excellence and popularity of the Herald. We earnestly desire to see it raised above the plane of a paltry, pettifogging organ. Its columns re quire something more than a galvanized vi tality to make people sure that the spark of life really still flickers in the socket, and that it may ultimately be restored and put to some uses of good to which it has thus far been a stranger. Any assistance that the Herald can lend is freely offered, and we stand ready at all times to supplement oar best words with our best deeds. Gall on us, neighbor. The Spracne Trustee Application. Providence, September 26.—A farther learing was had this afternoon ip the Su preme Court upon the application of Mrs. iprague for a trustee. Mr. Sprague's coun sel withdrew the nomination of Watson and named a dozen others who would be accept able to Sprague. The court will announce its decision to morrow. Public Land Commission. The Herald has heretofore spoken of the Public Land Commission provided for by act of Congress of March 3, 1879. This Com mission, with Mr. Williamson, Chief of the General Land Office, at its head, has been some time in the field, each member being assigned to a separate division of country. One of the Commissioners, Mr. Thomas Donaldson, accompanied by a stenographic reporter, has arrived here and commenced to-day the inquiry into land matters within the scope of his instructions. Mr. Donaldson is quartered at the United States Land Office on Broadway, where, until Saturday evening next, between the hours of 10 a. m. and 4 p. m. each day, he desires stockmen, farmers miners, and others to call and assist him to the information he seeks. The duty of the Commission, after the completion of its in. vesligations, is to report to Congress, First—A codification of the present laws relating to the survey and disposition of the public domain. Second—A system and standard of classifi cation of public lands, as arable, irrigable, timber, pasturage, swamp, coal, mineral, and such other classes as may be deemed proper, having due regard to humidity of climate, supply of water for irrigation, and other physical characteristics. Third—A system of land parcelling sur veys, adapted to the economic uses of the several classes of lands. Fourth—Such recommendations as may be deemed wise in relation to the best method of disposing of the public lands of the wes tern portion of the United States to actual settlers. Commissioner Donaldson's mission is to col- lect all the testimony obtainable to assist him to an intelligent report on Montana land mat- ters. We hope all who can do so will con- tribute to his budget of information. The interest of every class of our people will be subserved by giving in their evidence. - ■ ►► m - Meagher County items. [Husbandman, 25th.] A person returning from the new mines re ports that he saw one man clean up $900 as the result of one day's work. We failed to learn the name of the man. The differences between Meagher and Cho teau counties, in regard to the assessment of stock, we are glad to learn, have been amicably settled, and the people of these two great sub divisions of territory will continue to dwell together in geace and harmony. J. J. Donnelly, County Clerk and Probate Judge of Choteau county, intends surveying the line between Choteau and Meagher coun ties, and will commence the work about the 15th of October. He will also survey and lo cate the new wagon road from Benton to Ft. Logan about the same time. J. C. Kerley, late of the Helena Independ ent , is now in Meagher county looking out a location for a sheep ranch. He has been prospecting the country between Beaver fiat and lower Smith river and will probably lo cate on Hound creek. He will embark in the sheep business this fall with about 2000 head. We are pleased to welcome Mr. Kerley into the ranks of husbandry, and to a home in Meagher county. Refuses to Nee Him. San Francisco, September 25.— Dennis Kearney called at the Palace to-day and sent up his card to General Grant, but the General declined to receive him. Ordered to Show Cause. New York, September 26.—The Police Commissioners have been served with a man damus commanding them to show cause on Monday next why they should not appoint Tammany inspectors of election. Canadian Exhibition. Ottawa, September 24.—The Dominion exhibition was formally opened to-dey by his Excellency the Governor General and the Princess Louise. There were 20,000 people present, including the Governors of Ohio, Maine and Vermont with their respective staffs. Hanlan. Toronto, September 24.—Hanlan will start for Chatauque Lake to-morrow morn ing. It is stated that Hanlan will not accept Elliott's challenge, but will return the sports man's challenge cup. Northern Pacific Officers. NeW York, September 25.— The Directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company have elected Frederick Billings President; Samuel Wilkinson, Secretary, and Roberts Lenox Belknap, Treasurer. mm I M PIN Iron in Demand. Glasgow, September 24.—The pig iron market is active and prices are higher than at any time during the past eighteen months. The revival is almost solely due to large or ders from America. Tbe March on Cabnl. Simla, September 24.—Gen. Baker, com manding a brigade of infantry, will probably attack Kushi on the route from Kohat to Cabul to-day, and resistance is expected. The force under General Sir Fred. Roberts, three brigades, 6,500 men in all, is supplied with transportation and ready to move on Cabul by Sogar valley. The advance of the main body, under General Bright, numbering 6,600 men, will commence immediately. Sir Fred. ! Roberts will be supported by a reserve force of some 4,000 men under Generals Gordon and Gongh, holding Kuram valley and main taining communications between the advan cing forces and northwestern India. Murdered, Boston, September 26—L. Gunn was mur dered last night in his home at Bridgewater. His son is missing.