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IMni» WtMv HraW.
i' ibK BROS., - - Publishers. L 1 i. OK) — Editor. luSMÏ, UCTOflGH 16, 1879. iFIC II-O ! As the nient v." saying is, "We scooped 'em up î. den's bar'! was badly busted by the .Uj c3 The Solid öuuth wauted to bump heads ifh the Solid North. Now then, come •ain ! he Democratic wagon ner d3 is a ihut one run by the Republicans in a. iOiVAl Not a vestige ef Democracy left to in; story. And the Greenback allies. here are they ? -r-idvE thousand Republican ma Ohio ! It's enough to take a Bour Wa away—as strong as it is. .'t n wi! n ' i-tiou advices furnish the most in news matter of to-day's paper. No skip a perusal of the Ohio and Iowa w was "sly—devilish sly, sir." He t io liis seat in Congress. Though .o grand bounce for one office he has to tali back upon. (d.diiornia, Ohio! These States in i have passed from Democratic to m control. New York comes next, toy as good as won. •;l r siioc is the third Democratic Governor In.s he. n given the grand bounce this Next comes Robinson, the fuurtb, to a red in the same ruthless way. The war Democrats are again marching ou.Uler to shoulder and voting with their •publican comrades. That, in a nutshell plains the grand triumph in Ohio. ld ii prove to be a fact, as now seems ciiain, that the Republicans have car ;c Jnio Legislature, it relegates Thur .X private life and puts a Republican r in xxis place. vra Republicans pile up a majority ever Democrats, Greenbackers, and a and ends of Reform, Temper 1 what not. A Republican Con , too, to succeed Rush Clark. If with Kentucky and West Virginia r s to help them, the Ohio Democrats lot muster force enough to beat Charley •r. what can the Bourbon managers ex to accomplish at the general election in ! S. Q 0 ? Tica New York Herald secs in the Demo ■ uic »1; -aster in Ohio brightening prospects i r To old man of Grammercy Park. Next month the Republicans of New York will, in /ike manner, brighten those prospects some more. Oux. Democratic friends have probably no ■'omacL for the political feast spread in Ohio md Iowa, but there is a comforting crumb i them down in Jersey. Newark, un •hanging and unchangablc, elects a Démo dule Mr vor. To our Democratic neighbor we w'ould ■uggest the unique oouplet— 'The melancholy days have com *, Tlxe had est of the year." as appiopriate to the season and expressive both ol poetical and political feeling "on this glorious occasion." Tue New York Times essayed the other 1 y to chill Republican ardor in Ohio. The R' publicans were claiming 15,000 majority j his, the Times claimed, indicated boastful ness, ovc;-confidence, and party and country vveie being deceived. The Times talks Til In dsh to-day. If it is really going over to ihe old man of Cypher Alley why don't it go at once and have done with it ? Democratic papers all over the country re to-day explaining, or trying to explain, . caiu-cs which led to the party's overthrow Ohio. Pains are taken to telegraph the I cry advanced by the New York World. ow to make the thing still more binding, t us hear from the local Bourbon paper, cl us know how this political cyclone is owed from a Kentucky standpoint. /it. w \ iLDEN, having been deserted by the York World, immediately cast ibout to repbice Ms lost home organ. The Star, Mr. Kelly's ; mouthpiece, states that the old on turned naturally to the 7 imes, which / 1 £35,000 a year in public patronage taken r mi it and given to the Tribune. This af ir provoked the hostility of the Times to Onkling, and Tilden, quickly learning of thi , bought Tima shares s'anding in the if me of Robert Bonner, paying therefor v"210,000, and the preliminary arrangements 1 urnc*J the paper against Cornell. The Times is to remain professedlj Republican, Tilden K-Jieviug it can render him and his henchmen greater service in this guise than if it made a sudden break and declared itself openly and boldly for Robinson. In the Til en-Field fight the Times was oalled upon and respond ed promptly for Tilden. is for a MOA1A.V1 «*,%»■ UtAUE. It is not necessary to convince residents of the superior advantages Montana possesses for stock growing. But a recent conversa tion with a gentleman now in Helena, who has for some years been engaged in stock raising in Australia, has exalted our estimate of our great superiority in one respect. This gentleman informs us that Australia is some times visited with such extremes of drought that the small rivers entirely disappear, and catt|e and sheep perish by the thousand for want ot water and grass. Out of 6,500 head of cattle owned by this gentleman at the be ginning of such a dry season, only 500 sur vived, and the general loss w as in proportion. This, too, was in New Coutil Wales, one of the oldest and best of the Australian prov inces. Inquiring whether water could not be found by digging wells, we learned the sin gular fact that iu many cases the water reach ed, after sinking to a great depth, was so salt that it could not be used. There is no ade quate and sure supply, though every known means has been used to reservoir and distri bute the water with economy. Yet iu this province of New South Wales full title of land can only be secured by long residence and by payiug §5 per acre. Compare the advantages offered by r Mon tana for pasturage. W'ho ever heard of cat tle perishing by thirst or starving to death on the parched plains. We have sometimes had severe snow storms and excessive cold, iu which some of the weaker animals perished from neglect, but the whole percentage of loss that has occurred in all the years that Montana has been settled is but a fraction of that which in other stock growing countries has fallen upon them iu a single season. What is true of Australia is to some extent true also of Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico. We have recently noticed that the Rio Grande has this year been entirely dried up for à dietauce of 500 miles, The present season lias been the drye.-t known since Mon tana was settled. Our rivers are at the low est stage known, and yet there is an abun dance of grass for ten times the stock we have, and water enough for all the stock in the world within comparatively easy reach. The greatest rivers of America have their sources and innumerable tributaries within our borders, and there is water enough to ir rigate a large part of our tillable soil, besides supplying the wants of all the stock that can find grazing upon our foot-hills and upland plains. At no extravagant cost water can be reached by sinking wells in any part of our country. Here, too, the stock grower can secure the best of titles to all the land he wants at one quarter of the price charged for lands of so much less value iu distant Australia. Add to this that our navigable rivers and railroad connections will soon place us in easy and cheap communication with the best markets in the world, and there would seem nothing wanting to insure our stock growers that in a a few years they will be among the* princes of the earth for wealth and rich possessions The countless herds of buffalo, elk, deer and antelope that have grazed these rich pastures for centuries will soon be replaced by cattle, sheep and horses, whose annual increase will surpass the yield of our rich miues. Stock raising is rather slow work for those beginning without capital, and many become discouraged and faint by the way when just ou the verge of success ; but those who have the courage to stick to it are on the sure road to fortune, which may be made as great as they choose. Those who are now living in Montana and know these things have none to blame but themselves if they escape fortune. Scores of >oung men who so eagerly look for clerkships in the cities, where their expenses keep even pace with their incomes, are miss ing a golden opportunity that will not long be overlooked by others, when they do not strike out and learn a business that with some rmgli Lie and hardship has such ample re wards for those who will chose and stick to it. Ibc Bntte Kteam Fire Engine. The Miner notes the arrival of the fiilsby steamer, inten ied for Bntte. The Fire Brigade held a meeting and declined to be come responsible for the engine. The steam er cost about $4,0 K)—$1.000 to be paid on delivery and the btl-ince in notes. It was or dered in good f.iitb, but the Brigade refused to incorporate and become accountable. On what gro nd thi ITiude base their objec tions is not stated. One version we bear is that the Firemen can see no use for an en gine without water to supply it. Should the steamer return to its original owner, as the Miner intimates may be the case, we suggest that the Helena Fire Department take the necessary step* to secure it. Helena needs another steamer. We have a pretty good water supply and cistern system which is be ing extended and improved. The rapid growth of the town suggests the necessity for another engine. If Butte is not ready for the one just delivered theie, Helena, we think, will be willing to take and pay for it. Bead wood Losses. A late number of the Pioneer contains a com; lete li -t of all the losses by the Dead wood fire, filling a column in fine type. The total loss is estimated at $1,390,000, and $25, 000 insurance, as near as can be ascertained, is all that was on the town. Names of prin cipal sufferers have already been published, and a large majority in the Pioneer list are for small amounts. WEST SIDE M OTES. The Bitter Boot Valley— Its Fame as the Garden Spot of Montana—Bas3 Bros, and Their Fruit Growing Industry —Fort Owen—Stevensville— Corvallis—Large Yield of Melons. [jottings by ouk traveling correspon dent] Leaving Missoula my course took me up the Bitter Root valley. Its fame as the gar den spot of Montana made the trip one of peculiar interest, and the reality in no way disappointed the expectation. The valiey varies iu widih from one to four miles, and is fliuked on either side by inouutain ranges. The pine forests with which they are clothed creep lar down into the valley, forming pret ty groves, in this respect differing from other sections of the Territory I had before seen. The Bitter Root, a clear, rapid stream, flows through the valley, and is literally alive with trout and other varieties of fish, as are its va rious tributaries, which come rushing down from the mountains on either side. In all directions are seen broad acres well fenced and cultivated, their fertility being attested by the mammoth stocks of grain awaiting the arrival of the thresher. A drive of twenty-five miles brought me to Pine Groye farm, the property of the Bass Bros. This is a charming place. The spa cious house is surrounded by towering pines. A large, well kept garden near by is fragrant with the perfume of flowers, endless in va riety, while the prospect of let tile fie lds, pine forests and mountain peaks is one of surpass ing beauty. The Bass Bros., as everybody know*?, are largely interested iu fruit grow ing. A stroll through the grounds disclosed the fact .that they have titty varieties of ap ple trees, all growing finely, though only a portion have attained sufficient age to begin yielding fruit. Next season, however, there will be 1,000 bearing apple trees. They will also have 5.000 sprouts of apple tiees and 4.000 yearlings. Tiiis season they have sold 1.000 yearlings, but were unable to till a tenth part of their orders. There are also a large number of bearing crab apple trees of differ ent varieties, and twenty five plutn trees that will bear fruit next year. Peach, apricot and pear trees all bore fruit this season, though as yet they are so few in number that the fact is principally useful as showing what may be accomplished iu this line. There are, on the place, fourteen varieties of strawberries, which yield enormously. The earliest varie ties begin ripening about the middle of May ; the latest are usually covered by the snows ot winter. All varieties of raspbenies are also cultivated. The bushes this season fairly bent beneath the weight of the delicious fruit. Being unable to take them to ruaiket in good condition the neighbors about were invited t come and help themselves, and there being still enough and to spare, the Indians were culled iu to clean up the balance. The cur rant bu»hes bore prodigiously, and as çn ex périment, 200 bottles of wine were made. I found it a pleasant place to stop. As lounged under the grateful shade of the pines on a September day, amusing myself with a huge watermelon, while the mercury, which hung iu the cool doorway, indicated 80 de grees, it seemed a singular thing to glance up at the towering peaks of the range, upon whose summits lay vast beds of snow which the summer heat never dissolves. Expen ment may r prove that all parts of the Terri tory are not favored as this is, but that fruit of all varieties cân be ;a sed here and iu suf ficient quantities t > supply those sections has been demonstrated. Two miles further up the valley stands Fort Owen, iu a good state of preservation, and quite an imposing structure. It is built of adobe and was erected in 1856 by Major Owen, who for many years was largely in ter sted in the fur trade. Its walls, which were b ginning in some places to crumble, were thoroughly repaired two years ago, at the time the Nez Perces passed through the valley. of A w of at h at ph He pel E. to was of keg Still A mile beyond is Stevensville, a little ham let where much business is done. There are two business Houses here, one of which is owned by Buck Bros, who have a fiue trade. I stopped at the hotel kept by Bell Bros, and my wants were all supplied. Here also is situated the Jesuit mission of St. Mary's which was first established in 1844, but sub sequently abandoned and re-established again iu 1868. A few miles further up the valley I found a steam thresher in noisey operation. It is the property of Mr. A. J. Chaffin, and wa9 purchased in Racine, Wisconsin. Mr. C. will be kept busy until late in the fall. Still fur ther along I called at the home of Mr. E. Chaffin, a very pleasant place. The large door yard is shaded by poplar trees with here and there a soft maple. Mr. C. is enthusiastic in his predictions of the fruit growing capacities of that section. In his garden I found apple, cherry and plum trees. All the fruit was gone except the plums, and so great was the yield of this fruit that the limbs were propped to keep them from breaking. As a matter of business and duty I sampled those plums, and for fear I might make some mistake carried away all I my pockets would hold. A mile drive brings me to Co-val/s. There is but one store here, which is kept by Mr. Wm. McWhirk, a most courteous and hospit able gentleman. I soon discovered there was nothing to do bat to camp with him, and af ter having done so solemnly vowed never to stop anywhere else when iu that viciuiiy. At j supper me attention was called to h chicken j currey, which I for one considered with much pleasure and profit. Of course no bachelor could get up a meal like that, and after a time I mentioned that "no cock in Montana could surpass Mis. McWhirk." William smiled and point lug to his son Char lie replied, "there she is. but too busy to make fur glad to state that Win. d, ing in business, In I was surprised, r comment. Iam "dirk is prosper t up a large and remunerative trade. The yield of water r . d • krnelons was large this year., Mr. R S. K. ; .vier, w ho lives on Sweat House cieck, ; d cd < ver 500 ou a quarter of an acre, vhi di wus by no means an exceptional yield Po» Innately for me many of the ranches tave a melon patch near the road. I didn't pa:.- .ne without tak ing a sample. It was inn times a delicate operation, but the lenq / w as so strong that the average i.n> .1 would be willing to take some chance» ei-aii t a -hot gun. One native who discovered > n >rt"d for his gun, but I was nearly hack n > tee buggy, and by making judicious 11 e </ time easily es caped. I learned that the 1 . d; d . nine was given Sweat House creek b diî-.- it was at one time a favorite i -ort < f / 0 Indian», who built many sweat !.. a i s bank*. The tourist or »on: n will find few pleasanter places 0 • % Ld : 11 Bitter Roo valley is during t. ' ubirH during the month of Sej d r Fi mg ami hum ing is tine, melon • ». •' ; o', cun»■ >'s and plums have noi yet m • ipp .-m -d, w hile the people are hospit ' ' • . d; .21:139 kindly receive him. \tw Chicago st . : d: ■ «-veil '..'.ur of her vva} ». Ti _ in.'ic mlile es tahli.-hments Innc Ti. J. of C.<p icc tv .i.h A Co., is in Cr. •_ ot i)i .can j >■ 11 > - wall a popular ai Î ue, • • ; ;• b -inc»» man. the other is own.by 31 '. J. A. Fea in 1 aian, w ho is Hs»i»ted by a V .Hie man. Taken together they make a » oum team and sc-li plenty of goods. Tii m t2'e two hotels, one of which has !•••» nd. 1. .. pturhu»cd by Archie McPha.il, tin- < !h .a- i-» kept by \V . R Ferguson, who h is ; • u ,b v c old »mi..; for some years. Mr. K. . on »tili umk-: merry mu»ic on hi* ■< \ i ■!■• from pies M ut indications I should J m v.i he 1» good tor at least ninety-nine 3 ; more ot business life. Ja9. McMasi 3. . ine; 1 v 1 cabal at Beaismouth has m. v; d * New Chicago and h s a large, well stocked : - il »on, Z ai. Hain* I also has a saloon. Tue hail stoi m v. '.i pt down F.uil creek 1 i»t summet mad. - .'.d havoc among the grain fi ids. ii i/. liege e»timateu at thirty thousand / , A; rxone trat ion, fourteen miles bel. >v i' y- mg, B. R. Hoi ion, foi mei i v a ? •. c 0, -lei. na, 1» erect ing a fine stone bui, / a. ..eu, when cum - ph ted, will be the 1 ; a u-e In tnis sec tion. It is lo be ti Ltd y j ' be accoiuoda tiou of i tie traveling ; , . .Air. li, lias hau many 3 ears of tx » . ;ic ness and will meet ,.d: 1.; cess which lie dt'seives. Tue Boulder House is still in charge of the po^-.t ! n u, I). W. Heu uisey, who »eis up a <: »qi mie iiieal" on »noil notice, and is alive.} - yd . .sunt ana obliging. He has been lnue »* ... nos and has pros pel ed in bus ^ css. m m Boulder District, E. P. Waieibuiy and. t :e Biown brothers, have re; e. tly di»c >\ Ù ■ four loot vein 01 silver ore which us-ay» Dom 1UU to 300 oz to the bin. A numb -i of other valuable ledges have also be :i e . iy » i..cover, u. Pnillipshurg, like tue r '»t of the Territory, was a little quiet <tl the blue ol my visit, bui when the unfortunate litigation which at present has tied up some very valuable mining property is at ;m end, it will be the be ginning ot a new era of yro-qn-rity. Kroger's brewery still supplies an unlimited amount of beer of fine quality winch is sold by the keg or bottle. of in be of The Kaiser House, h- •: by Herman Kaiser, Still maintains its old nne popularity as a first-class house in all r. »peels. The »Silver Lake House occupies z o same corner it al ways h is, and feeds n multitude regardless of troiiide and expens 2. >V n Weinstein and N. Connolly, are two m- rehauts who it woi ld be well for all men to interview before pur chasing elsewhere. Mr. Connolly's line con sists of hardware and groceries. Mr. Wein steins of groceries, clothing and dry goods. Mr. M. A. Harris manufactures bootsand shoes as formerly. Henry Lamb, the barber, is still at his old staud. Henry Inkamp, whole sale and retail deakr iu .vines, liquors and cigars, carries a large stock. He is also pro prietor of a billiard saloon. Wm. Lang, A. Mein yre, Henry Milot and Chris Guth, each have sample rooms. Hammond & Co. and Lee Degenhart each keep a livery stable, and a man can alwajs rent a horse and bug y or u team of them for a very reasonable price. Frank Vollmer manufactures first class boots and shoes and sells them at prices which alwrays command a large trade. J. W. Moore & Co. are the proprietors of a large meat market, in w hich you can buy anything in the butchers line. Work on the Hope mine is still being pros ecuted, several amalgamating pans and a set tler having been shipped from the Terminus for their mill, which at present is running on tailings, of which there is sufficient to last two years at least. The scene about the Al gonquin mine, which is about a mile above be town, is one of busy activity. A new 20-stamp mill is in process of erection. The building is already roofed over, but the foundations for the various kinds of machin j cry were not completed at the time of niy j visit. Work on the mill began in May last When completed its capacity will be 30 tons a day. The eupt., Mr. J. K. Pardee, is ener getically driving the work along and hopes to have the mill iu good working order early this winter. Ore of fine quality is now being taken from the 250-foot level. H 3. Showers is foreman, John Aindey engineer and J. Jennings blacksmith. Quite a liftie camp has sprung up about this mu, e and many new cabins are in process of erec tion. To supply the miners with groceries clothing and dry goods, Mr. Sam Silverman,at one time a resident ot Helena, has just open ed a new stock of goods. He is well known and well liked and will doubtless be success ful in bis new enterprise. Madden & Co. have opened a meat market and seem to have plenty of business on their hands. Work on the Trout mine is still progressing though only a few hands are now employed F. M. WILSON. -— •« »I -- Templar Fii(*aiii|»iiient ni Butte. Fiiday of last week, immediately following the session of the Grand Lodge, was the day appointed for the two older commanderies of Knight Templars, at Virginia city arid 1L1 cna to meet in general encampment with the 8ir Knights of Montana Commandery located at Butte and ju>t organized. Such a meeting had often been contemplated, proposed and j nulled I) y and between the two older coin inanderies, but the auspicious moment never appeared before when the project could he ex rii'ed. A* it was, on Friday laR at Butte the elements weie rather hostile. The weather wa» cold, a raw wind with snow squalls n' ifiniing, rendered it very uncomfortable tor oni-door parade. D.dy occasionally the sun sin ne ioiih to cheer the scene. The Knights t s moled at Masonic Hall at 10 a. m. Yir :.i 11 City Command« ry furnished 15 Knights, Hie am 20, aud Montana 10. Iusteul of ap pearing a>* separate organiz liions, however, ail ui-ed a-* one under officers taken from the tnree bodies, formed by threes,and proceeded under the escort of the Butte band to the camping ground, where me spacious tents of the Vnginia Knights had been pitched. It was the original intention, had the weather be. n favorable, to have gone to the race rack and spend two days in camp, employ ing the time iu drill under strict military dis cipline. Bui tins had to be foregone. Two in ur- main everiug iu the bleak wind siti.-fied die ambition of all, and when the order was given to fall in and return to town the com mand was cheerfully obeyed. The knights formed the cross and marched back to li eber's hall, wlieie a stiing baud was in wailing, and the ladies were soon iu attend ance ; n i such evolutions substituted in which they could j »iu. When the hour arrived for tiie banquet each 8ir Knight with his lady ell into line, escor'ed by a guard of horn r and preceded by the Cornet Band,marched to tiie hall where a sumptuous dinner was spread. Here an In ur and a halt was well employed iu feasting ;.nd toasts, w hich called out some happy and eloquent responses. From the banquet ball the Knights and ladies returned to the large hall, where dancing was continued until the shades of evening begun to gather, when the happy company dis persed and the Bir Knights doffed their gay uniforms. Much as the original purpose and pro gramme had been marred by the unfavorable weather the occasion proved so delightful to those in attendance, that it was resolved to Continue these reunions of the three com manderies yeaily. It was left to the casting of lots whether the next meeting should tie in Helena or Virginia City, and the decision was in favor ol Virginia. It was the expressed wish of the majnity that the meeting should be early enough in the season to avoid any difficulty from the cold weather, and the 4th of July seemed to tie the day favored by most. The Virginia knigi Is mostly came with their wives and children by their own conveyance, with full equipments for camping out. The few knights of Butte entertained the r guests in princely sty le, and their generous hospitality will not soon be forgotten. It would be invidious to mention names where one and all ».id their utmost to make the event as enjoyable as possible. As the first general meeting of knights and ladies of the three principal cities of the Territory this one will long be remembered, and will certainly lead to others, of which it may be expected that each shall surpass ils predecessor. —?> rnrnrn ------ Tile Aim itloulniiaeo. The works at Wiekes are fast approaching completion and under their present manage ment ought to make such a success as will obliterate the record of their past misfortuues. Two roasting furnaces have just been built, that will stand any required degree of beat; both smelters will be in position in about a w eek ; their mill is iu perfect order, aud the amalganating and leaching departments, in cluding Bruckner cylinders, are only waiting the first revolution of the engine shaft, to begin maki i ( a new history for the A! a Montana Comp, n 3% which we have ever)' rea son to believe am be creditable to to the pluck an ! enterprise of it» promoters. The mines o£ the company, and, iu fact, of the Jeffer son re_: on geueraiiy, are show ing a richness and permanency that wm attract wide atten tion. ___ _ an The Cincinnati E ng tirer (Deni) of the 6th says : **No imaginable series of nolitical accidents, can prevent the Ohio Democrats from controlling both brauci e3 of the Ligis lalure."