IMni» WtMv HraW.
i' ibK BROS., - - Publishers.
L 1 i. OK) —
luSMÏ, UCTOflGH 16, 1879.
iFIC II-O !
saying is, "We scooped 'em up
î. den's bar'! was badly busted by the
The Solid öuuth wauted to bump heads
ifh the Solid North. Now then, come
he Democratic wagon ner d3 is a
ihut one run by the Republicans in
iOiVAl Not a vestige ef Democracy left to
in; story. And the Greenback allies.
here are they ?
-r-idvE thousand Republican ma
Ohio ! It's enough to take a Bour
Wa away—as strong as it is.
n ' i-tiou advices furnish the most in
news matter of to-day's paper. No
skip a perusal of the Ohio and Iowa
w was "sly—devilish sly, sir." He
t io liis seat in Congress. Though
.o grand bounce for one office he has
to tali back upon.
(d.diiornia, Ohio! These States in
i have passed from Democratic to
m control. New York comes next,
toy as good as won.
siioc is the third Democratic Governor
In.s he. n given the grand bounce this
Next comes Robinson, the fuurtb, to
a red in the same ruthless way.
The war Democrats are again marching
ou.Uler to shoulder and voting with their
•publican comrades. That, in a nutshell
plains the grand triumph in Ohio.
ld ii prove to be a fact, as now seems
ciiain, that the Republicans have car
;c Jnio Legislature, it relegates Thur
.X private life and puts a Republican
r in xxis place.
vra Republicans pile up a majority
ever Democrats, Greenbackers, and
a and ends of Reform, Temper
1 what not. A Republican Con
, too, to succeed Rush Clark.
with Kentucky and West Virginia r
s to help them, the Ohio Democrats
lot muster force enough to beat Charley
•r. what can the Bourbon managers ex
to accomplish at the general election in
! S. Q 0 ?
Tica New York Herald secs in the Demo
■ uic »1; -aster in Ohio brightening prospects
i r To old man of Grammercy Park. Next
month the Republicans of New York will, in
/ike manner, brighten those prospects some
Oux. Democratic friends have probably no
■'omacL for the political feast spread in Ohio
md Iowa, but there is a comforting crumb
i them down in Jersey. Newark, un
•hanging and unchangablc, elects a Démo
dule Mr vor.
To our Democratic neighbor we w'ould
■uggest the unique oouplet—
'The melancholy days have com *,
Tlxe had est of the year."
as appiopriate to the season and expressive
both ol poetical and political feeling "on this
Tue New York Times essayed the other
1 y to chill Republican ardor in Ohio. The
R' publicans were claiming 15,000 majority
j his, the Times claimed, indicated boastful
ness, ovc;-confidence, and party and country
vveie being deceived. The Times talks Til
In dsh to-day. If it is really going over to
ihe old man of Cypher Alley why don't it
go at once and have done with it ?
Democratic papers all over the country
re to-day explaining, or trying to explain,
. caiu-cs which led to the party's overthrow
Ohio. Pains are taken to telegraph the
I cry advanced by the New York World.
ow to make the thing still more binding,
t us hear from the local Bourbon paper,
cl us know how this political cyclone is
owed from a Kentucky standpoint.
iLDEN, having been deserted by the
York World, immediately cast ibout to
repbice Ms lost home organ. The Star, Mr.
Kelly's ; mouthpiece, states that the old
on turned naturally to the 7 imes, which
/ 1 £35,000 a year in public patronage taken
r mi it and given to the Tribune. This af
ir provoked the hostility of the Times to
Onkling, and Tilden, quickly learning
of thi , bought Tima shares s'anding in the
if me of Robert Bonner, paying therefor
v"210,000, and the preliminary arrangements
1 urnc*J the paper against Cornell. The Times
is to remain professedlj Republican, Tilden
K-Jieviug it can render him and his henchmen
greater service in this guise than if it made a
sudden break and declared itself openly and
boldly for Robinson. In the Til en-Field
fight the Times was oalled upon and respond
ed promptly for Tilden.
MOA1A.V1 «*,%»■ UtAUE.
It is not necessary to convince residents of
the superior advantages Montana possesses
for stock growing. But a recent conversa
tion with a gentleman now in Helena, who
has for some years been engaged in stock
raising in Australia, has exalted our estimate
of our great superiority in one respect. This
gentleman informs us that Australia is some
times visited with such extremes of drought
that the small rivers entirely disappear, and
catt|e and sheep perish by the thousand for
want ot water and grass. Out of 6,500 head
of cattle owned by this gentleman at the be
ginning of such a dry season, only 500 sur
vived, and the general loss w as in proportion.
This, too, was in New Coutil Wales, one of
the oldest and best of the Australian prov
inces. Inquiring whether water could not be
found by digging wells, we learned the sin
gular fact that iu many cases the water reach
ed, after sinking to a great depth, was so salt
that it could not be used. There is no ade
quate and sure supply, though every known
means has been used to reservoir and distri
bute the water with economy. Yet iu this
province of New South Wales full title of
land can only be secured by long residence
and by payiug §5 per acre.
Compare the advantages offered by r Mon
tana for pasturage. W'ho ever heard of cat
tle perishing by thirst or starving to death on
the parched plains. We have sometimes had
severe snow storms and excessive cold, iu
which some of the weaker animals perished
from neglect, but the whole percentage of
loss that has occurred in all the years that
Montana has been settled is but a fraction of
that which in other stock growing countries
has fallen upon them iu a single season.
What is true of Australia is to some extent
true also of Southern California, Arizona
and New Mexico.
We have recently noticed that the Rio
Grande has this year been entirely dried up
for à dietauce of 500 miles, The present
season lias been the drye.-t known since Mon
tana was settled. Our rivers are at the low
est stage known, and yet there is an abun
dance of grass for ten times the stock we
have, and water enough for all the stock in
the world within comparatively easy reach.
The greatest rivers of America have their
sources and innumerable tributaries within
our borders, and there is water enough to ir
rigate a large part of our tillable soil, besides
supplying the wants of all the stock that can
find grazing upon our foot-hills and upland
plains. At no extravagant cost water can be
reached by sinking wells in any part of our
Here, too, the stock grower can secure the
best of titles to all the land he wants at one
quarter of the price charged for lands of so
much less value iu distant Australia. Add
to this that our navigable rivers and railroad
connections will soon place us in easy and
cheap communication with the best markets
in the world, and there would seem nothing
wanting to insure our stock growers that in a
a few years they will be among the* princes
of the earth for wealth and rich possessions
The countless herds of buffalo, elk, deer and
antelope that have grazed these rich pastures
for centuries will soon be replaced by cattle,
sheep and horses, whose annual increase will
surpass the yield of our rich miues.
Stock raising is rather slow work for those
beginning without capital, and many become
discouraged and faint by the way when just
ou the verge of success ; but those who have
the courage to stick to it are on the sure road
to fortune, which may be made as great as
they choose. Those who are now living in
Montana and know these things have none to
blame but themselves if they escape fortune.
Scores of >oung men who so eagerly look for
clerkships in the cities, where their expenses
keep even pace with their incomes, are miss
ing a golden opportunity that will not long
be overlooked by others, when they do not
strike out and learn a business that with some
rmgli Lie and hardship has such ample re
wards for those who will chose and stick to it.
Ibc Bntte Kteam Fire Engine.
The Miner notes the arrival of the fiilsby
steamer, inten ied for Bntte. The Fire
Brigade held a meeting and declined to be
come responsible for the engine. The steam
er cost about $4,0 K)—$1.000 to be paid on
delivery and the btl-ince in notes. It was or
dered in good f.iitb, but the Brigade refused
to incorporate and become accountable. On
what gro nd thi ITiude base their objec
tions is not stated. One version we bear is
that the Firemen can see no use for an en
gine without water to supply it. Should the
steamer return to its original owner, as the
Miner intimates may be the case, we suggest
that the Helena Fire Department take the
necessary step* to secure it. Helena needs
another steamer. We have a pretty good
water supply and cistern system which is be
ing extended and improved. The rapid
growth of the town suggests the necessity
for another engine. If Butte is not ready
for the one just delivered theie, Helena, we
think, will be willing to take and pay for it.
Bead wood Losses.
A late number of the Pioneer contains a
com; lete li -t of all the losses by the Dead
wood fire, filling a column in fine type. The
total loss is estimated at $1,390,000, and $25,
000 insurance, as near as can be ascertained,
is all that was on the town. Names of prin
cipal sufferers have already been published,
and a large majority in the Pioneer list are
for small amounts.
WEST SIDE M OTES.
The Bitter Boot Valley— Its Fame as the
Garden Spot of Montana—Bas3 Bros,
and Their Fruit Growing Industry
[jottings by ouk traveling correspon
Leaving Missoula my course took me up
the Bitter Root valley. Its fame as the gar
den spot of Montana made the trip one of
peculiar interest, and the reality in no way
disappointed the expectation. The valiey
varies iu widih from one to four miles, and
is fliuked on either side by inouutain ranges.
The pine forests with which they are clothed
creep lar down into the valley, forming pret
ty groves, in this respect differing from other
sections of the Territory I had before seen.
The Bitter Root, a clear, rapid stream, flows
through the valley, and is literally alive with
trout and other varieties of fish, as are its va
rious tributaries, which come rushing down
from the mountains on either side. In all
directions are seen broad acres well fenced
and cultivated, their fertility being attested
by the mammoth stocks of grain awaiting
the arrival of the thresher.
A drive of twenty-five miles brought me to
Pine Groye farm, the property of the Bass
Bros. This is a charming place. The spa
cious house is surrounded by towering pines.
A large, well kept garden near by is fragrant
with the perfume of flowers, endless in va
riety, while the prospect of let tile fie lds, pine
forests and mountain peaks is one of surpass
ing beauty. The Bass Bros., as everybody
know*?, are largely interested iu fruit grow
ing. A stroll through the grounds disclosed
the fact .that they have titty varieties of ap
ple trees, all growing finely, though only a
portion have attained sufficient age to begin
yielding fruit. Next season, however, there
will be 1,000 bearing apple trees. They will
also have 5.000 sprouts of apple tiees and
4.000 yearlings. Tiiis season they have sold
1.000 yearlings, but were unable to till a tenth
part of their orders. There are also a large
number of bearing crab apple trees of differ
ent varieties, and twenty five plutn trees that
will bear fruit next year. Peach, apricot and
pear trees all bore fruit this season, though
as yet they are so few in number that the fact
is principally useful as showing what may be
accomplished iu this line. There are, on the
place, fourteen varieties of strawberries,
which yield enormously. The earliest varie
ties begin ripening about the middle of May ;
the latest are usually covered by the snows ot
winter. All varieties of raspbenies are also
cultivated. The bushes this season fairly
bent beneath the weight of the delicious fruit.
Being unable to take them to ruaiket in good
condition the neighbors about were invited t
come and help themselves, and there being
still enough and to spare, the Indians were
culled iu to clean up the balance. The cur
rant bu»hes bore prodigiously, and as çn ex
périment, 200 bottles of wine were made.
I found it a pleasant place to stop. As
lounged under the grateful shade of the pines
on a September day, amusing myself with a
huge watermelon, while the mercury, which
hung iu the cool doorway, indicated 80 de
grees, it seemed a singular thing to glance up
at the towering peaks of the range, upon
whose summits lay vast beds of snow which
the summer heat never dissolves. Expen
ment may r prove that all parts of the Terri
tory are not favored as this is, but that fruit
of all varieties cân be ;a sed here and iu suf
ficient quantities t > supply those sections has
Two miles further up the valley stands
Fort Owen, iu a good state of preservation,
and quite an imposing structure. It is built
of adobe and was erected in 1856 by Major
Owen, who for many years was largely in
ter sted in the fur trade. Its walls, which
were b ginning in some places to crumble,
were thoroughly repaired two years ago, at
the time the Nez Perces passed through the
A mile beyond is Stevensville, a little ham
let where much business is done. There are
two business Houses here, one of which is
owned by Buck Bros, who have a fiue trade.
I stopped at the hotel kept by Bell Bros, and
my wants were all supplied. Here also is
situated the Jesuit mission of St. Mary's
which was first established in 1844, but sub
sequently abandoned and re-established again
A few miles further up the valley I found
a steam thresher in noisey operation. It is
the property of Mr. A. J. Chaffin, and wa9
purchased in Racine, Wisconsin. Mr. C. will
be kept busy until late in the fall. Still fur
ther along I called at the home of Mr. E.
Chaffin, a very pleasant place. The large
door yard is shaded by poplar trees with here
and there a soft maple. Mr. C. is enthusiastic
in his predictions of the fruit growing
capacities of that section. In his garden I
found apple, cherry and plum trees. All the
fruit was gone except the plums, and so
great was the yield of this fruit that the limbs
were propped to keep them from breaking.
As a matter of business and duty I sampled
those plums, and for fear I might make some
mistake carried away all I my pockets would
A mile drive brings me to Co-val/s. There
is but one store here, which is kept by Mr.
Wm. McWhirk, a most courteous and hospit
able gentleman. I soon discovered there was
nothing to do bat to camp with him, and af
ter having done so solemnly vowed never to
stop anywhere else when iu that viciuiiy. At j
supper me attention was called to h chicken j
currey, which I for one considered with
much pleasure and profit. Of course no
bachelor could get up a meal like that, and
after a time I mentioned that "no cock in
Montana could surpass Mis. McWhirk."
William smiled and point lug to his son Char
lie replied, "there she is.
but too busy to make fur
glad to state that Win. d,
ing in business, In
I was surprised,
r comment. Iam
"dirk is prosper
t up a large and
The yield of water r
. d • krnelons was
large this year., Mr. R
S. K. ; .vier, w ho lives
on Sweat House cieck,
; d cd < ver 500 ou a
quarter of an acre, vhi
di wus by no means
an exceptional yield
Po» Innately for me
many of the ranches
tave a melon patch
near the road. I didn't
pa:.- .ne without tak
ing a sample. It was
inn times a delicate
operation, but the lenq
/ w as so strong
that the average i.n> .1
would be willing to
take some chance» ei-aii
t a -hot gun. One
native who discovered >
n >rt"d for his gun,
but I was nearly hack n
> tee buggy, and by
making judicious 11 e </
time easily es
I learned that the 1 .
d; d . nine was given
Sweat House creek b
diî-.- it was at one
time a favorite i -ort <
f / 0 Indian», who
built many sweat !.. a
i s bank*.
The tourist or »on:
n will find few
pleasanter places 0 • %
Ld : 11 Bitter Roo
valley is during t.
' ubirH during
the month of Sej d r
Fi mg ami hum
ing is tine, melon • ». •'
; o', cun»■ >'s and
plums have noi yet m •
ipp .-m -d, w hile the
people are hospit ' ' •
. d; .21:139 kindly
\tw Chicago st
. : d: ■ «-veil '..'.ur
of her vva} ». Ti _
in.'ic mlile es
tahli.-hments Innc Ti.
J. of C.<p icc tv .i.h
A Co., is in Cr. •_
ot i)i .can j >■ 11 > -
wall a popular ai Î ue,
• • ; ;• b -inc»» man.
the other is own.by 31
'. J. A. Fea in 1 aian,
w ho is Hs»i»ted by a V
.Hie man. Taken
together they make a »
oum team and sc-li
plenty of goods. Tii m
t2'e two hotels, one
of which has !•••» nd.
1. .. pturhu»cd by
Archie McPha.il, tin- < !h
.a- i-» kept by \V . R
Ferguson, who h is ; • u
,b v c old »mi..; for
some years. Mr. K. .
on »tili umk-:
merry mu»ic on hi* ■< \
i ■!■• from pies M ut
indications I should J
m v.i he 1» good tor
at least ninety-nine 3
; more ot business
life. Ja9. McMasi
3. . ine; 1 v 1 cabal at
Beaismouth has m. v; d *
New Chicago and
h s a large, well stocked
: - il »on, Z ai. Hain* I
also has a saloon.
Tue hail stoi m v. '.i
pt down F.uil
creek 1 i»t summet mad.
- .'.d havoc among
the grain fi ids. ii i/.
at thirty thousand / ,
A; rxone trat ion,
fourteen miles bel. >v i'
y- mg, B. R. Hoi
ion, foi mei i v a ? •. c
0, -lei. na, 1» erect
ing a fine stone bui, /
a. ..eu, when cum -
ph ted, will be the 1 ;
a u-e In tnis sec
tion. It is lo be ti Ltd y
j ' be accoiuoda
tiou of i tie traveling ; , .
.Air. li, lias hau
many 3 ears of tx » . ;ic
ness and will meet ,.d:
1.; cess which lie
dt'seives. Tue Boulder
House is still in
charge of the po^-.t
! n u, I). W. Heu
uisey, who »eis up a <: »qi
mie iiieal" on »noil
notice, and is alive.} - yd .
.sunt ana obliging.
He has been lnue »* ...
nos and has pros
pel ed in bus ^ css. m m
E. P. Waieibuiy and. t
:e Biown brothers,
have re; e. tly di»c >\ Ù
■ four loot vein 01
silver ore which us-ay»
Dom 1UU to 300 oz
to the bin. A numb -i
of other valuable
ledges have also be :i e
. iy » i..cover, u.
Pnillipshurg, like tue r
'»t of the Territory,
was a little quiet <tl the blue ol my visit, bui
when the unfortunate litigation which at
present has tied up some very valuable
mining property is at ;m end, it will be the be
ginning ot a new era of yro-qn-rity. Kroger's
brewery still supplies an unlimited amount
of beer of fine quality winch is sold by the
keg or bottle.
The Kaiser House, h- •: by Herman Kaiser,
Still maintains its old nne popularity as a
first-class house in all r. »peels. The »Silver
Lake House occupies z o same corner it al
ways h is, and feeds n multitude regardless
of troiiide and expens 2. >V n Weinstein and
N. Connolly, are two m- rehauts who it woi ld
be well for all men to interview before pur
chasing elsewhere. Mr. Connolly's line con
sists of hardware and groceries. Mr. Wein
steins of groceries, clothing and dry goods.
Mr. M. A. Harris manufactures bootsand shoes
as formerly. Henry Lamb, the barber, is
still at his old staud. Henry Inkamp, whole
sale and retail deakr iu .vines, liquors and
cigars, carries a large stock. He is also pro
prietor of a billiard saloon. Wm. Lang, A.
Mein yre, Henry Milot and Chris Guth, each
have sample rooms.
Hammond & Co. and Lee Degenhart each
keep a livery stable, and a man can alwajs
rent a horse and bug y or u team of them for
a very reasonable price.
Frank Vollmer manufactures first class
boots and shoes and sells them at prices which
alwrays command a large trade.
J. W. Moore & Co. are the proprietors of
a large meat market, in w hich you can buy
anything in the butchers line.
Work on the Hope mine is still being pros
ecuted, several amalgamating pans and a set
tler having been shipped from the Terminus
for their mill, which at present is running on
tailings, of which there is sufficient to last
two years at least. The scene about the Al
gonquin mine, which is about a mile above
be town, is one of busy activity. A
new 20-stamp mill is in process of erection.
The building is already roofed over, but the
foundations for the various kinds of machin
j cry were not completed at the time of niy
j visit. Work on the mill began in May last
When completed its capacity will be 30 tons
a day. The eupt., Mr. J. K. Pardee, is ener
getically driving the work along and hopes
to have the mill iu good working order early
this winter. Ore of fine quality is now
being taken from the 250-foot level. H
3. Showers is foreman, John Aindey
engineer and J. Jennings blacksmith. Quite
a liftie camp has sprung up about this mu, e
and many new cabins are in process of erec
tion. To supply the miners with groceries
clothing and dry goods, Mr. Sam Silverman,at
one time a resident ot Helena, has just open
ed a new stock of goods. He is well known
and well liked and will doubtless be success
ful in bis new enterprise.
Madden & Co. have opened a meat market
and seem to have plenty of business on their
Work on the Trout mine is still progressing
though only a few hands are now employed
F. M. WILSON.
-— •« »I --
Templar Fii(*aiii|»iiient ni Butte.
Fiiday of last week, immediately following
the session of the Grand Lodge, was the day
appointed for the two older commanderies of
Knight Templars, at Virginia city arid 1L1
cna to meet in general encampment with the
8ir Knights of Montana Commandery located
at Butte and ju>t organized. Such a meeting
had often been contemplated, proposed and
j nulled I) y and between the two older coin
inanderies, but the auspicious moment never
appeared before when the project could he
ex rii'ed. A* it was, on Friday laR at Butte
the elements weie rather hostile. The weather
wa» cold, a raw wind with snow squalls n'
ifiniing, rendered it very uncomfortable tor
oni-door parade. D.dy occasionally the sun
sin ne ioiih to cheer the scene. The Knights
t s moled at Masonic Hall at 10 a. m. Yir
:.i 11 City Command« ry furnished 15 Knights,
Hie am 20, aud Montana 10. Iusteul of ap
pearing a>* separate organiz liions, however,
ail ui-ed a-* one under officers taken from the
tnree bodies, formed by threes,and proceeded
under the escort of the Butte band to the
camping ground, where me spacious tents of
the Vnginia Knights had been pitched. It
was the original intention, had the weather
be. n favorable, to have gone to the race
rack and spend two days in camp, employ
ing the time iu drill under strict military dis
cipline. Bui tins had to be foregone. Two
in ur- main everiug iu the bleak wind siti.-fied
die ambition of all, and when the order was
given to fall in and return to town the com
mand was cheerfully obeyed. The knights
formed the cross and marched back to
li eber's hall, wlieie a stiing baud was in
wailing, and the ladies were soon iu attend
ance ; n i such evolutions substituted in which
they could j »iu. When the hour arrived for
tiie banquet each 8ir Knight with his lady
ell into line, escor'ed by a guard of horn r
and preceded by the Cornet Band,marched to
tiie hall where a sumptuous dinner was
spread. Here an In ur and a halt was well
employed iu feasting ;.nd toasts, w hich called
out some happy and eloquent responses.
From the banquet ball the Knights and ladies
returned to the large hall, where dancing was
continued until the shades of evening begun
to gather, when the happy company dis
persed and the Bir Knights doffed their gay
Much as the original purpose and pro
gramme had been marred by the unfavorable
weather the occasion proved so delightful to
those in attendance, that it was resolved to
Continue these reunions of the three com
manderies yeaily. It was left to the casting
of lots whether the next meeting should tie in
Helena or Virginia City, and the decision was
in favor ol Virginia. It was the expressed
wish of the majnity that the meeting should
be early enough in the season to avoid any
difficulty from the cold weather, and the 4th
of July seemed to tie the day favored by most.
The Virginia knigi Is mostly came with their
wives and children by their own conveyance,
with full equipments for camping out.
The few knights of Butte entertained the r
guests in princely sty le, and their generous
hospitality will not soon be forgotten. It
would be invidious to mention names where
one and all ».id their utmost to make the event
as enjoyable as possible. As the first general
meeting of knights and ladies of the three
principal cities of the Territory this one will
long be remembered, and will certainly lead
to others, of which it may be expected that
each shall surpass ils predecessor.
—?> rnrnrn ------
Tile Aim itloulniiaeo.
The works at Wiekes are fast approaching
completion and under their present manage
ment ought to make such a success as will
obliterate the record of their past misfortuues.
Two roasting furnaces have just been built,
that will stand any required degree of beat;
both smelters will be in position in about a
w eek ; their mill is iu perfect order, aud the
amalganating and leaching departments, in
cluding Bruckner cylinders, are only waiting
the first revolution of the engine shaft, to
begin maki i ( a new history for the A! a
Montana Comp, n 3% which we have ever)' rea
son to believe am be creditable to to the pluck
an ! enterprise of it» promoters. The mines
o£ the company, and, iu fact, of the Jeffer
son re_: on geueraiiy, are show ing a richness
and permanency that wm attract wide atten
The Cincinnati E ng tirer (Deni) of the
6th says : **No imaginable series of nolitical
accidents, can prevent the Ohio Democrats
from controlling both brauci e3 of the Ligis
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