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lift 1 y m mm mm wmm afeflR », s» ill! 3*' as ,uHl fc«« IPs 4&s Sc Helena, Montana, Thursday, October 1879. No. 50 o j Volume xiii. m rUELIPHED EVERT THURSDAY HORNING. FISK BROS., - - Publishers. E. FISK, - Editor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. S jbncribers (deli vered by carrier) per month, t2 00 BT KAIL One copy one month............................ f 2 00 One copy three months......................... 5 00 One copy six months........................... 9 00 One copy one year............................. 18 00 iiîRMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year........................................ $5 00 Six months......................... 3 00 Three months................................... 1 go "CONQUERED AT EAST." Some time since the Mobile Aetr# offered a prize for the poem which, by a Southern writer, should be judged most meritorious, expressive of the gratitude which existed in the Southern heart towards the peo ple of the North for the philanthropy and magnanim ity so freely and nobly displayed in the time of the dire affliction of the South by pestilence. This offer on the jiart of the A eu « called forth seventy-seven com petitive compositions from various parts of the coun try. The committee to whom the manuscripts were submitted decided in favor of the poem entitled ''Con quered at Last," by Miss Maria L. Eve, of Augusta» Ua., which is here given:] You came to us once, O brothers, in wrath, And rude desolation followed your path. Yon conquered us then, hut only in part. For a stubborn thing is the human heart. So th ? mad wind blows in his might and main, And the forests bend in his breath like grain. Their heads in the dust and their branches broke, But iiow shall be soften their hearts of oak ? You swept o'er our land like the whirlwind's wing, But the human heart is a stubborn thing. We laid down o'ir arms, we yielded our will ; But our heart of hearts was unconquered still. "We are vanquished," we said, "but our wounds mus heal ;" We gave you our swords, but our hearts were steel. "We are conquered," we said, but our hearts were sore* And "woe to the conquered" on every door. But the spoiler came and he would not spare, The angel that walketh in darkness was there:— He walked thro' the valley, walked thro' the street, And he lelt the print of his fiery feet. In flie dead, (lead, dead, that were everywhere, And buried away with never a prayer. From the desolate land, from its very heart. There went forth a cry to the uttermost part;— You heard it, O brothers !—With never a measure You opeued your hearts, and poured out your treasure. 0! Sisters of Mercy, you gave above these ! For you helped, we know, on your bended knees. Your pity was human, but 0 I 1 ! it was more, When you shared our cross and our burden bore. Your lives in your hands you stood by our side; Your lives for our lives you laid down and died. And no greater love hath a man to gi\fe Than lay down his life that his friends may live. You poured in our wounds the oil and the wine T utt you brought to us from a Hand Divine. You conquered us, brothers; our sword we gave; We yield now hearts—they are all we have. Our last ditch was there, and it held out long; It is yours, O friends ! and you'll find it strong. igi< f K And "Conquered by Kindness" we'll write on our heart IN THE CROWDED STREET. In the crowded street, I have often seen A barefooted boy—cadaverous, lean— With fare begrimed and clothes unclean, Saddened visage, and woeful mien— And all at once, like a flash of light From some mirk cloud of a darksome night, The anxious light and sorry plight Were swept away by the joyous sight Of a penny found. And home he ran, As only barefooted urchins can ; And, giving a twitch to his crownless cap. Tossed the cent in hie mother's lap, Aud he was happy as lords would De With richest gifts from over the sea. And thus it is that a little thing Its meed of joy may always bring— And thus it is that the needy poor. Tho' having but little of this world's store, May be as happy as lords would be With richest gifts from over the sea. THE BEAUTIfUE BOOM. BY ONE OT TUX AUTHORS OF "BEAUTIFUL 8KOW.' ! the boom, the beautiful boom l crowding the earth and sky for room ; Over the ocean, over the land, "'th the pace of a whirlwind'a four in-hand, " hizzing, Sizzlug, D Whooping along; , frantiful boom, it is going it strong 1 tilling all space with a music so sweet J nat t he spheres find it trying to keep their feet, Beautiful boom, white-wing'd as the dove, fright as an angel, and constant as love. PJ*! the boom, the beautiful boom! how it grows as it goes, and continues to loom : ." hirlintr about in its glorious fun, i! P ays, in its glee, like a giant Krupp gun, hoariug, Laughing, Lights up the face an$ sparkles t&e eye, £ tn the man in the moon cannot fail but agree i lat the man of the boom is a bigger than he. iiie country's alive, and its heart's making room 10 welcome the rule of the beautiful boom. The idea of paid escorts for ladies to places ,! public resort, recently adopted in New 0r \ is an old Florentine custom, and the T**. i> told at Florence of a wealthy Cali Rua lady who wore a breastpin crusted diamonds, valued at $350,000. To pro these jewels she engaged a gentlemanly t L * ,Q g young man to escort her, armed to J , h ' t0 concerts, balls, or theatres and " *iter all, did not pay him.. of of lo JLIve ?" How Louk Have It is not every one who asks himself this question, because, strangely enough, it is the belief of most persons tbai their lives will be exceptionally lengthy. However, life insur ance companies are aware of the credulous weakness of those whose lives they assure, aud have therefore compiled numerous tables of expectancy of life for their own guidance, which are carefully referred to before a policy is granted. The following is one of these well authenticated tables in use among London assurance companies, showing the average length of life at various ages. In the first column we have the present ages of per sons of average health, and in the second column we are enabled to peep, as it were, behind the scenes of an assurance office, and gather from their table the number of years they will give us to live. This table has been the result of careful calculation, and seldom proves misleading. Of course sudden and premature death, as well as lives unusually extended, occasionally occur, but this is a table of the average expectancy of life of an ordinary man or woman : , More years Age. to live. I ......................................... 39 ........................................ 51 .......................................... 41 .......................................... 34 .......................................... 28 ......... ................................ 21 .......................................... 14 ......................................... 9 .......................................... 4 The reader will easily gather from the obove tabulated statement the number of years to which their lives, according to the law of averages, may reasonably be expected to extend. A Mother's Love. A mother's love ! How lightly do we often value and bow little do we appreciate a kind, loving mother ! What a fountain of pure, un selfish love rises up from her generous, lov ing heart ! Who will love us as a mother does ? And who will suffer, work and toil for us, depriving themselves of every comfort, in order that we may be well cared for, and spared all anxieties and cares of life ? No one but "mother." We may have a kind fa ther, gentle and loving brothers and sisters, and, when we grow older and leave the pa ternal roof, we may be fortunate in securing a kind husband or gentle wife, and may be blessed with dutiful and happy children; but no one will ever exercise toward us the same kind, patient love and gentle forbear ance as a mother. How kind we should be to her! We should share her anxieties,lighten the burden of her cares, and strive to make her declining years happy. It is a debt as well as a duty we owe to her, and it is hap pily in the power of all to pay it. Tab's Doll. [Detroit Free Press.] On the curb-stone up Brush street the other day sat a girl of 9 or 10 full in the hot sun, but so busy with a woe begone rag baby that she seemed not to mind the beat and the glare. One arm bad been torn from poor "baby," its bead fell over to one side, aud the sawdust ran from the dilapidated feet every time it was lifted about. As the child sat there try ing to make "baby" whole again with an old darning-needle and a bit of twine, a boy of 14 baited on the walk and sneeringly said : "That doll's bin sunstruck, an' all the doc tors in town can't save her life." The girl made no reply, and after a mo ment, the lad advanced, snatched the doll from her hands and flung it high above his head, laughing loudly at her feeble efforts to prevent him. "Is your mother dead ?" asked the girl as her eyes filled with tears and her chin quiv ered. "Not as I knows on." "But mine is, and she made that dolly for me when her hands trembled so and her eyes had so many tears that I had to cut the cloth for her. That's why baby looks so bad !" "Whew!" whistled the boy below his breath, and walking into the street he picked up the plaything, carefully dusted it, and as he placed It in her hands he said : "I remember now 'bout seein' the crape on the door, and I'm sorry I was rough. This 'ere linin' in my cap will make that baby hull dress, an' if you won't say nothin' to no body of how I acted I'll give it to ye." He had it out at one pull, tossed two coat buttons after it, and went away saying. "When a gal's mother is dead that beats me, and any time that 'ere dolly is tooken sick you count on me to run for the doctor or sit up all night ! Good-bye Tab !" German Treatment uf Hydrophobia. A German physician of eminence claims that the following is the only effleatious treat ment of hydrophobia :. Beneath the tongue of every human being there are two veins, whose blackness renders them easily distin guishable. When any one is afflicted with hydrophobia, cut these open with a pair of small scissors cr any other sharp instrument, and allow the blood to trickle out This rids the patient of the virus. Then make a tea of upulin, the seeds of the hop vine, and give the patient a cupful. This will at once put him to sleep without having the injurious ef fect that would follow the administration of opium. In four or five hours the patient will awake. Then give him another cupful of the tea, and continue this treatment until be has slept for twenty-four hours. He will then be entirely cured. Labgk land owners are not uncommon in Texas, but the largest of all is the Pacific & Texas Railroad, which owns upwards of 3, 500,000 acres, equal to one-half the total area of the 8tate of Massachusetts. It is the owner of 1.116,853 acres in one county. of to to of the by to of in H1>E. JHLYÏI1KAL the be a of a Breyfogle's Discovery in Death Talley There are reports current in Bodie, says the Stock Report, of the discovery of a mine of marvelous richness on the borders of Death Valley. For twenty-five years there has been a belief, amounting to a superstition, that somewhere near Death Valley existed the richest gold mine that ever entered into the most magnificent castle building of a pros pector. Death Vallay is near one of the old southeriLroutes overland trials, and there are hundreds of stories of big nuggets of gold picked up in the vicinity by emigrants, and golden bullets shot at white men by Indians In the early days of Nevada a man named Breyfogle displayed in some of the camps of Eastern and Southeastern Nevada, a quantity of very coarse gold, which he claimed to have taken from- an enormous ledge of al most pure stuff somewhere down near Death Valley. He professed to have been driven out of the country by Indians. Breyfogle was a man who could lie like a begger, if he wanted to, and would make trips occasionally out of camps in which he was living profess edly in search of his wonderful ledge. Pros pectors are credulous of stories about rich mines, and many a poor fellow started on search for the Breyfogle lead and left his bones to be polished off by the coyotes and ravens in Death Valley and the adjacent de serts, but to this dnv there are thousands of prospectors on the Pacific coast who believe in the Breyfogle lead and think it will one day be found. Regularly every Autumn there is a report of the discovery of a tre mendously rich gold mine near or in Death Valley, and the miners and prospectors when they hear of it exclaim with one accord "The Breyfogle lead is found at last?" Two New Metals. [London Times.] A correspondent writes: "The discovery of two new metals is announced, named öa mariumand Norwegium. Paradoxical as it may seem to speak of the finding and christ ening of a hitherto unknown metal before it has been either seen or handled, yet such is the case with samarium. As happened in the instance of the metal gallium, it has first be come known to science by the spectrum analysis alone ; nor can it be doubted that in the verification of its existence by the senses it will in due time follow the same precedent. It is well known that by the characteristic rays which are seen in the luminous spectrum produced by the combustion of any substance it is possible to single out the known or un known bodies which enter into the combina tion. As are the rays, such are the elements producing them. When rays are found an swering to no substance already catalogued, the existence of some new body is naturally inferred from the fact. That wa9 how galli um was first brought to light, and now we have a like history for samarium. M. Lecoq de Boisbaudran, who has greatly distinguish ed himself by his researches in this branch of science, found as he was examining a mineral known under the name of samarkite, an emis sion of unfamiliar rays. He has inferred thence the existence in this mineral of a new metal, which he has accordingly named sa marium, and all he has now to do is to isolate it from the other elements with which it is as yet combined. This has already been done for the other new metal, norwegium, patrioti cally so named after his fatherland by its dis coverer, Prof. Tellef-Dahll of the University of Norway, who detected it in a metalic com pound of arsenic and nickel. The Professor ha9 even determined the principal properties of his new metal, which he describes as being white, slightly malleable, of about the hard ness of copper, and fusible at a dull red heat Its density is represented by 9.44, and its chemical equivalent is 145." ic of to Nihilist Justice In Russia. Three Nihilists condemned to Siberian ex ile wished to marry, and fixed upon three girls of their political persuasion, who agreed to espouse and follow them to the place of their banishment. Marriages of this kind are tolerated by the laws of Russia, and the three convicts were wedded ; but their sentence of banishment was immediately changed into one of solitary confinement in the centrall prison at St. Petersburg. Upon learning of this, their wives sought and obtained audience of Nabokow, the Minister of Justice, whom they entreated to reverse the last decree, anc to send their husbands as at first determined, to Siberia, whither they could accompany them. Nabokow replied that he could not assume the responsibility of altering the modified sentence, and referred the three women to Mesenzew, the chief of the "Third Section," or secret police. To Mesenzew, therefore, they applied ; hut he angrily re jected their petition. As soon as this decision of Mesenzew was made known in Nihilist circles, he was at once condemned to die as the most inveterate and dangerous enemy of "the cause," and three days later he perished by the hand of an assassin. The Postmaster General has ordered that hereafter misdirected letters shall be returned to the sender, in all cases where the name of the sender, or a box number or a street and number, appear on the letter. If there is nothing upon the letter to indicate who the sender is, then it is sent at once to the dead etter office. Postmasters are not allowed to change the address of a letter, bnt may com plete or perfect an address already made. This order operates not merely to save labor in the Post Office department, bnt directly serves the convenience of the public. Corre spondents will frequently find themselves benefitted by having their addresses plainly written or printed on aU their envelopes. a SOUTHERN ROMANCE. The Pitiable Case That Has Jnst Been Brought to Eight In an Alaba ma Court. ]Cincinnati Commercial.] During the rebellion a well-to-do family, consisting of John H. Reynolds, his wife aud daughter, were driven from their North Caro- lina home because of its occupation by Fed- eral troops, and settled in Walker county, Birmingham, Alabama. There accompanied the migrating family a handsome woman, who though called a quadroon, was hardly to be distinguished from a white person. This quadroon devoted her time to the care of Mrs. Reynolds, a confirmed invalid. After the war Henry Horton settled on an adjoin- ing plantation. He had a son, Mark, aud Mark grew up as a playmate of Jessie, the daughter of the Reynold's household. A few years ago, both families being prosperous, it was arranged by Reynolds that if the child- ren could be induced to love each other there should be a union of the houses. Jessie was sent to a girl's school in Louisville, Ken- tucky,and Mark entered at Princeton College, New Jersey. Returned from their collegi- ate studies, the young folks sure euough fell in love, and were married under thj most promising auspices. A month or so ago a child was born to them, and it was remaiked that young Horton and wife were among the happiest of mortals. But a cloud came on the horizon shortly after the birth of the child The quadroon fell sick, and Dr. Blackman, the Birmingman physician, told her that her death was at hand. The quadroon sent for young Horton. She said that her conscience had tortured her into making a death-bed statement. She said that Jessie had negro blood in her veins—that she was her daugh ter. John Reynolds was Jessie's father, but the invalid Mrs. Reynolds had never been mother The life-long illness of the latter bad in fact been caused by Reynolds, who at Jessie's birth forced his wife to acknowledge the child of the quadroon as her own. The death of the quadroon occurred soon after Horton had been given the statement. Hor- ton at once told his innocent wife the story of her parentage, drove her from his house and sued for divorce in the Walker County Court now sitting. The other day the Court decreed the marriage void because of fraud Pending the decree, Horton disposed of his property and left for California. Reynolds is now endeavoring to sell so that he may re turn to North Carolina. The poor young wife and mother is wild with grief. It is not likely that she will bear the strain, and an educated and refined girl will be broken un der her weight of woes, the victim of an in stitution of the past. -- I m ■** (Oi »► ^ Five of Five Thousand Rods. Some years ago the province of Yunan, al most exclusively populated by Mohammed ans, rose in open revolt against its sovereign cast off the celestial yoke and declared its in dependence. The Chinese government, hav ing subjugated the Yunanites, set to work to convert them from Islam to the State wor ship of the Flowery Realm. The Y unanites have hitherto withstood persuasion, theolog ical argument and torture with stolid resolu tion ; so the astute mandarins intrusted with the task of weaning them from their dogmat ic errors have adopted the cunning expedient of making it worth their while to become idolators. A recent Imperial decree ordains that every Mohammedan publicly renounc ing his faith shall be enfranchised from taxa tion, and that this privilege shall be extended to his descendants for the period of 100 years. The actual convert, moreover, shall be dis tinguished by a mark of imperial favor peacock's feather or cap-button, according to his condition in life. Meanwhile, the Chi nese government has ordered 5,000 gods, of every orthodox variety, to be manufactured for the especial benefit of the Yunan metrop olis alone. These deities have been set up by the police in the porches and courtyards of every house in town, and the heads of families are compelled to burn incense once a day before their unwelcome Lares, as well as to provide them with new clothes from head to foot at certain stated periods. The Chinese police are instructed to "look up" any householder proving a defaulter in the performance of these obligatory rites, and to stimulate him to the fulfillment of his duties by every convenient inducement. Thus caught in a cleft stick, oue section of which represents the certain advancement of his personal interests and the other all the me chanical ingenuities of the Celestial torture chamber, it is considered highly probable that, ere long, the Yunanite Moslem will en thusiastically recognize the intrinsic merits of the Chinese form of Buddhism as the best of all possible religious creeds. A good joke is told at the expense of one of the female boarders at a popular summer hotel at Watch Hill, a chambermaid being the perpetrator. It seems that some of the beds in the house are much inferior to others, and a lady who occupied one of the good ones desired to secure another of them for a Philadelphia friend who was coming to the house, so she requested the chambermaid to see that a room containing such a one was re served. The girl soon reported that none could be procured, whereas the lady gave her a dollar, with instructions to shift some one else'» good bed, replace it by a poorer one, and give the good one« to her friend. The girl promised to carry ont this plot, and the result was that The Philadelphia lady that night dept on a good bed ; bnt the lady who bribed the chambermaid was somewhat astonished to find in her own room, upon re tiring for the night, the inferior bed substitu ted for her own. : I of ised high dage ALL SORTS bow be aud the it a the the for at an Turkeys are almost ripe. A Btuck-up-tking—A poster. The arch young woman with comes archer. Boston, this season, has eaten 238,298 bas kets of peaches. One must have a tremendous voice to kill two birds with one's tone. Whom the gods wish to destroy they first induce to wear tight boots. One hundred and five pounds is the weight of a champion Florida watermelon. Look out for a severe winter. The fur on the peaches is unusually long aud thick. The population of Dakota as given by counties in the Deadwood Times is 130,415. The moßt useful pedestrian is the man who walks up and down all night with the baby. "I'll join you presently," said the minister to the young couple, as he went for the church key. The hieroglyphics on a Chinese tea-box arc often mistaken for a Philadelphia lawyer's handwriting. The Municipal Council of Berlin recom mends the universal adoption of the practice of cremation. A Vermont editor claims to have seen a rainbow at night, and the temperance people despair of him. The Pope has 6ent 6,000 francs for the re lief of the sufferers by the floods in the pro vince of Murcia, Spain. When Christian ladies will send bouquets to murderers, the laws of this country ought to be patched in several places. Beer drinkers will resort to Beersheba Springs, Tenn., hereafter, under the impres sion that they can get Beersheba there. Six of the most eminent physicians in Lon don have signed a paper to the effect that the music of brass bands may cause nervous fev ers. Says the Whitehall Times : "Sleep is the great leveler of mankind." It does appear to be sort of an evening arrangement, 'tis true. Bring him into the house, now, girls, it is too chilly to loaf around on the front stoop : you can make the gas bill light by keeping the parlor dark. Laramie Times , 16th : It looked refresh ing this morning to see the overland tourist in his linen duster as he gazed across 20,000 acres of clear, white snow. Byron once said of a lady whose tongue suggested perpetual motion to every visitor, that she had been dangerously ill, but was now dangerously well again. The late Mr. Lewis Lawson, who owned half of the London Telegraph , died worth $5,000,000. His share of the revenue of the paper was about $300,000 a year, and his whole income $500,000. The Philadelphia Bulletin thinks that the best kind of an Indian uprising is when the redskins have hemp around their necks and are ascending skyward on the end of a rope hung over the limb of a tree. Blaine and Chandler and Logan were the kind of men who did the work in Ohio. At an early stage in the canvass it was discover ed that the people required stronger meat than was afforded by financial discussions, and Foster himself was the first man to call for the Old Gnard. The favorite daughter of General Sher man is engaged to be married to a Lieutenant in the navy. She is a Catholic of the very liberal kind, and so good a horsewoman is she that in a jaunt of thirty-two miles she has been known to come back fresh, while the half-dozen young officers who escorted her were entirely used up. Business in Philadelphia is prosperous, says the Record. The empty houses are fill ing up. Staple articles of manufacture are advancing in price. There is work for will ing hands. Politics are at a stand-still. There is nothing to attract the minds of men from their legitimate business. The next Thanks giving day will be a day for thanksgiving, indeed. Farm laborers in Canada receive from $100 to $130 per year, with board ; carpenters, from $1.40 to $1.60 per day ; house painters 11175 per day ; blacksmiths 34 cents per hour; irinters from $6 to $10 per week ; ordinary nillere from $8 to $13 per week; masons : rom $1.50 to $3.50 per day, and plasterer* I 11.75. There is very Httle difference in the wages paid at different places. The cost of iving is about ©ae-fourih less than it was five years ago. In an article on lawnessness in some of the Southern States the St Louis Republican (Democrat) says: "The only way to deal with this state of things is to send an army into the lawless region to protect the inhabi tants and either kill the outlaws or drive them out—and this the State authorities are pre paring to do. It is strange that such a reign of terror could be maintained almost in the heart of the State, and within thirty miles of Milledgeville. The histoiy of the Lowery gang in North Carolina, of the Breathitt county disorder!» in Kentucky and the train robbers in Texas and Missouri shows that the Southern States are a favorite field for organ ised criminals who dwell in forests, or live on horseback, and make both robbery their busi ness. Whatever he the cause of this, it is high time that the legislators in the Southern States were directing their efforts to the re moval of H. The society that tolerates or ganized ontlswvy invites the chronic brigan dage that is the corse ef Itaily and Spain."