Helena, Montana, Thursday, October
rUELIPHED EVERT THURSDAY HORNING.
FISK BROS., - - Publishers.
E. FISK, - Editor.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD.
S jbncribers (deli vered by carrier) per month, t2 00
One copy one month............................ f 2 00
One copy three months......................... 5 00
One copy six months........................... 9 00
One copy one year............................. 18 00
iiîRMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD.
One year........................................ $5 00
Six months......................... 3 00
Three months................................... 1 go
"CONQUERED AT EAST."
Some time since the Mobile Aetr# offered a prize
for the poem which, by a Southern writer, should be
judged most meritorious, expressive of the gratitude
which existed in the Southern heart towards the peo
ple of the North for the philanthropy and magnanim
ity so freely and nobly displayed in the time of the
dire affliction of the South by pestilence. This offer
on the jiart of the A eu « called forth seventy-seven com
petitive compositions from various parts of the coun
try. The committee to whom the manuscripts were
submitted decided in favor of the poem entitled ''Con
quered at Last," by Miss Maria L. Eve, of Augusta»
Ua., which is here given:]
You came to us once, O brothers, in wrath,
And rude desolation followed your path.
Yon conquered us then, hut only in part.
For a stubborn thing is the human heart.
So th ? mad wind blows in his might and main,
And the forests bend in his breath like grain.
Their heads in the dust and their branches broke,
But iiow shall be soften their hearts of oak ?
You swept o'er our land like the whirlwind's wing,
But the human heart is a stubborn thing.
We laid down o'ir arms, we yielded our will ;
But our heart of hearts was unconquered still.
"We are vanquished," we said, "but our wounds mus
We gave you our swords, but our hearts were steel.
"We are conquered," we said, but our hearts were sore*
And "woe to the conquered" on every door.
But the spoiler came and he would not spare,
The angel that walketh in darkness was there:—
He walked thro' the valley, walked thro' the street,
And he lelt the print of his fiery feet.
In flie dead, (lead, dead, that were everywhere,
And buried away with never a prayer.
From the desolate land, from its very heart.
There went forth a cry to the uttermost part;—
You heard it, O brothers !—With never a measure
You opeued your hearts, and poured out your treasure.
0! Sisters of Mercy, you gave above these !
For you helped, we know, on your bended knees.
Your pity was human, but 0 I 1 ! it was more,
When you shared our cross and our burden bore.
Your lives in your hands you stood by our side;
Your lives for our lives you laid down and died.
And no greater love hath a man to gi\fe
Than lay down his life that his friends may live.
You poured in our wounds the oil and the wine
T utt you brought to us from a Hand Divine.
You conquered us, brothers; our sword we gave;
We yield now hearts—they are all we have.
Our last ditch was there, and it held out long;
It is yours, O friends ! and you'll find it strong.
And "Conquered by Kindness" we'll write on our heart
IN THE CROWDED STREET.
In the crowded street, I have often seen
A barefooted boy—cadaverous, lean—
With fare begrimed and clothes unclean,
Saddened visage, and woeful mien—
And all at once, like a flash of light
From some mirk cloud of a darksome night,
The anxious light and sorry plight
Were swept away by the joyous sight
Of a penny found. And home he ran,
As only barefooted urchins can ;
And, giving a twitch to his crownless cap.
Tossed the cent in hie mother's lap,
Aud he was happy as lords would De
With richest gifts from over the sea.
And thus it is that a little thing
Its meed of joy may always bring—
And thus it is that the needy poor.
Tho' having but little of this world's store,
May be as happy as lords would be
With richest gifts from over the sea.
THE BEAUTIfUE BOOM.
BY ONE OT TUX AUTHORS OF "BEAUTIFUL 8KOW.'
! the boom, the beautiful boom l
crowding the earth and sky for room ;
Over the ocean, over the land,
"'th the pace of a whirlwind'a four in-hand,
D Whooping along; ,
frantiful boom, it is going it strong 1
tilling all space with a music so sweet
J nat t he spheres find it trying to keep their feet,
Beautiful boom, white-wing'd as the dove,
fright as an angel, and constant as love.
PJ*! the boom, the beautiful boom!
how it grows as it goes, and continues to loom :
." hirlintr about in its glorious fun,
i! P ays, in its glee, like a giant Krupp gun,
Lights up the face an$ sparkles t&e eye,
£ tn the man in the moon cannot fail but agree
i lat the man of the boom is a bigger than he.
iiie country's alive, and its heart's making room
10 welcome the rule of the beautiful boom.
The idea of paid escorts for ladies to places
,! public resort, recently adopted in New
0r \ is an old Florentine custom, and the
T**. i> told at Florence of a wealthy Cali
Rua lady who wore a breastpin crusted
diamonds, valued at $350,000. To pro
these jewels she engaged a gentlemanly
t L * ,Q g young man to escort her, armed to
J , h ' t0 concerts, balls, or theatres and
" *iter all, did not pay him..
lo JLIve ?"
How Louk Have
It is not every one who asks himself this
question, because, strangely enough, it is the
belief of most persons tbai their lives will be
exceptionally lengthy. However, life insur
ance companies are aware of the credulous
weakness of those whose lives they assure,
aud have therefore compiled numerous tables
of expectancy of life for their own guidance,
which are carefully referred to before a
policy is granted. The following is one of
these well authenticated tables in use among
London assurance companies, showing the
average length of life at various ages. In the
first column we have the present ages of per
sons of average health, and in the second
column we are enabled to peep, as it were,
behind the scenes of an assurance office, and
gather from their table the number of years
they will give us to live. This table has been
the result of careful calculation, and seldom
proves misleading. Of course sudden and
premature death, as well as lives unusually
extended, occasionally occur, but this is a
table of the average expectancy of life of an
ordinary man or woman :
, More years
Age. to live.
I ......................................... 39
......... ................................ 21
The reader will easily gather from the
obove tabulated statement the number of
years to which their lives, according to the
law of averages, may reasonably be expected
A Mother's Love.
A mother's love ! How lightly do we often
value and bow little do we appreciate a kind,
loving mother ! What a fountain of pure, un
selfish love rises up from her generous, lov
ing heart ! Who will love us as a mother
does ? And who will suffer, work and toil for
us, depriving themselves of every comfort, in
order that we may be well cared for, and
spared all anxieties and cares of life ? No
one but "mother." We may have a kind fa
ther, gentle and loving brothers and sisters,
and, when we grow older and leave the pa
ternal roof, we may be fortunate in securing
a kind husband or gentle wife, and may be
blessed with dutiful and happy children;
but no one will ever exercise toward us the
same kind, patient love and gentle forbear
ance as a mother. How kind we should be
to her! We should share her anxieties,lighten
the burden of her cares, and strive to make
her declining years happy. It is a debt as
well as a duty we owe to her, and it is hap
pily in the power of all to pay it.
[Detroit Free Press.]
On the curb-stone up Brush street the other
day sat a girl of 9 or 10 full in the hot sun,
but so busy with a woe begone rag baby that
she seemed not to mind the beat and the glare.
One arm bad been torn from poor "baby,"
its bead fell over to one side, aud the sawdust
ran from the dilapidated feet every time it
was lifted about. As the child sat there try
ing to make "baby" whole again with an old
darning-needle and a bit of twine, a boy of 14
baited on the walk and sneeringly said :
"That doll's bin sunstruck, an' all the doc
tors in town can't save her life."
The girl made no reply, and after a mo
ment, the lad advanced, snatched the doll
from her hands and flung it high above his
head, laughing loudly at her feeble efforts to
"Is your mother dead ?" asked the girl as
her eyes filled with tears and her chin quiv
"Not as I knows on."
"But mine is, and she made that dolly for
me when her hands trembled so and her eyes
had so many tears that I had to cut the cloth
for her. That's why baby looks so bad !"
"Whew!" whistled the boy below his
breath, and walking into the street he picked
up the plaything, carefully dusted it, and as
he placed It in her hands he said :
"I remember now 'bout seein' the crape on
the door, and I'm sorry I was rough. This
'ere linin' in my cap will make that baby
hull dress, an' if you won't say nothin' to no
body of how I acted I'll give it to ye."
He had it out at one pull, tossed two coat
buttons after it, and went away saying.
"When a gal's mother is dead that beats
me, and any time that 'ere dolly is tooken
sick you count on me to run for the doctor or
sit up all night ! Good-bye Tab !"
German Treatment uf Hydrophobia.
A German physician of eminence claims
that the following is the only effleatious treat
ment of hydrophobia :. Beneath the tongue
of every human being there are two veins,
whose blackness renders them easily distin
guishable. When any one is afflicted with
hydrophobia, cut these open with a pair of
small scissors cr any other sharp instrument,
and allow the blood to trickle out This rids
the patient of the virus. Then make a tea of
upulin, the seeds of the hop vine, and give
the patient a cupful. This will at once put
him to sleep without having the injurious ef
fect that would follow the administration of
opium. In four or five hours the patient will
awake. Then give him another cupful of
the tea, and continue this treatment until be
has slept for twenty-four hours. He will
then be entirely cured.
Labgk land owners are not uncommon in
Texas, but the largest of all is the Pacific &
Texas Railroad, which owns upwards of 3,
500,000 acres, equal to one-half the total area
of the 8tate of Massachusetts. It is the owner
of 1.116,853 acres in one county.
Breyfogle's Discovery in Death Talley
There are reports current in Bodie, says
the Stock Report, of the discovery of a mine
of marvelous richness on the borders of Death
Valley. For twenty-five years there has been
a belief, amounting to a superstition, that
somewhere near Death Valley existed the
richest gold mine that ever entered into the
most magnificent castle building of a pros
pector. Death Vallay is near one of the old
southeriLroutes overland trials, and there are
hundreds of stories of big nuggets of gold
picked up in the vicinity by emigrants, and
golden bullets shot at white men by Indians
In the early days of Nevada a man named
Breyfogle displayed in some of the camps of
Eastern and Southeastern Nevada, a quantity
of very coarse gold, which he claimed to
have taken from- an enormous ledge of al
most pure stuff somewhere down near Death
Valley. He professed to have been driven
out of the country by Indians. Breyfogle
was a man who could lie like a begger, if he
wanted to, and would make trips occasionally
out of camps in which he was living profess
edly in search of his wonderful ledge. Pros
pectors are credulous of stories about rich
mines, and many a poor fellow started on
search for the Breyfogle lead and left his
bones to be polished off by the coyotes and
ravens in Death Valley and the adjacent de
serts, but to this dnv there are thousands of
prospectors on the Pacific coast who believe
in the Breyfogle lead and think it will one
day be found. Regularly every Autumn
there is a report of the discovery of a tre
mendously rich gold mine near or in Death
Valley, and the miners and prospectors when
they hear of it exclaim with one accord
"The Breyfogle lead is found at last?"
Two New Metals.
A correspondent writes: "The discovery
of two new metals is announced, named öa
mariumand Norwegium. Paradoxical as it
may seem to speak of the finding and christ
ening of a hitherto unknown metal before it
has been either seen or handled, yet such is
the case with samarium. As happened in the
instance of the metal gallium, it has first be
come known to science by the spectrum
analysis alone ; nor can it be doubted that in
the verification of its existence by the senses
it will in due time follow the same precedent.
It is well known that by the characteristic
rays which are seen in the luminous spectrum
produced by the combustion of any substance
it is possible to single out the known or un
known bodies which enter into the combina
tion. As are the rays, such are the elements
producing them. When rays are found an
swering to no substance already catalogued,
the existence of some new body is naturally
inferred from the fact. That wa9 how galli
um was first brought to light, and now we
have a like history for samarium. M. Lecoq
de Boisbaudran, who has greatly distinguish
ed himself by his researches in this branch of
science, found as he was examining a mineral
known under the name of samarkite, an emis
sion of unfamiliar rays. He has inferred
thence the existence in this mineral of a new
metal, which he has accordingly named sa
marium, and all he has now to do is to isolate
it from the other elements with which it is as
yet combined. This has already been done
for the other new metal, norwegium, patrioti
cally so named after his fatherland by its dis
coverer, Prof. Tellef-Dahll of the University
of Norway, who detected it in a metalic com
pound of arsenic and nickel. The Professor
ha9 even determined the principal properties
of his new metal, which he describes as being
white, slightly malleable, of about the hard
ness of copper, and fusible at a dull red heat
Its density is represented by 9.44, and its
chemical equivalent is 145."
Nihilist Justice In Russia.
Three Nihilists condemned to Siberian ex
ile wished to marry, and fixed upon three
girls of their political persuasion, who agreed
to espouse and follow them to the place of
their banishment. Marriages of this kind are
tolerated by the laws of Russia, and the three
convicts were wedded ; but their sentence of
banishment was immediately changed into
one of solitary confinement in the centrall
prison at St. Petersburg. Upon learning of
this, their wives sought and obtained audience
of Nabokow, the Minister of Justice, whom
they entreated to reverse the last decree, anc
to send their husbands as at first determined,
to Siberia, whither they could accompany
them. Nabokow replied that he could not
assume the responsibility of altering the
modified sentence, and referred the three
women to Mesenzew, the chief of the "Third
Section," or secret police. To Mesenzew,
therefore, they applied ; hut he angrily re
jected their petition. As soon as this decision
of Mesenzew was made known in Nihilist
circles, he was at once condemned to die as
the most inveterate and dangerous enemy of
"the cause," and three days later he perished
by the hand of an assassin.
The Postmaster General has ordered that
hereafter misdirected letters shall be returned
to the sender, in all cases where the name
of the sender, or a box number or a street and
number, appear on the letter. If there is
nothing upon the letter to indicate who the
sender is, then it is sent at once to the dead
etter office. Postmasters are not allowed to
change the address of a letter, bnt may com
plete or perfect an address already made.
This order operates not merely to save labor
in the Post Office department, bnt directly
serves the convenience of the public. Corre
spondents will frequently find themselves
benefitted by having their addresses plainly
written or printed on aU their envelopes.
The Pitiable Case That Has Jnst Been
Brought to Eight In an Alaba
During the rebellion a well-to-do family,
consisting of John H. Reynolds, his wife aud
daughter, were driven from their North Caro-
lina home because of its occupation by Fed-
eral troops, and settled in Walker county,
Birmingham, Alabama. There accompanied
the migrating family a handsome woman,
who though called a quadroon, was hardly
to be distinguished from a white person.
This quadroon devoted her time to the care
of Mrs. Reynolds, a confirmed invalid. After
the war Henry Horton settled on an adjoin-
ing plantation. He had a son, Mark, aud
Mark grew up as a playmate of Jessie, the
daughter of the Reynold's household. A few
years ago, both families being prosperous, it
was arranged by Reynolds that if the child-
ren could be induced to love each other there
should be a union of the houses. Jessie was
sent to a girl's school in Louisville, Ken-
tucky,and Mark entered at Princeton College,
New Jersey. Returned from their collegi-
ate studies, the young folks sure euough
fell in love, and were married under thj most
promising auspices. A month or so ago a
child was born to them, and it was remaiked
that young Horton and wife were among the
happiest of mortals. But a cloud came on the
horizon shortly after the birth of the child
The quadroon fell sick, and Dr. Blackman,
the Birmingman physician, told her that her
death was at hand. The quadroon sent for
young Horton. She said that her conscience
had tortured her into making a death-bed
statement. She said that Jessie had negro
blood in her veins—that she was her daugh
ter. John Reynolds was Jessie's father, but
the invalid Mrs. Reynolds had never been
mother The life-long illness of the latter
bad in fact been caused by Reynolds, who at
Jessie's birth forced his wife to acknowledge
the child of the quadroon as her own. The
death of the quadroon occurred soon after
Horton had been given the statement. Hor-
ton at once told his innocent wife the story
of her parentage, drove her from his house
and sued for divorce in the Walker County
Court now sitting. The other day the Court
decreed the marriage void because of fraud
Pending the decree, Horton disposed of his
property and left for California. Reynolds
is now endeavoring to sell so that he may re
turn to North Carolina. The poor young
wife and mother is wild with grief. It is not
likely that she will bear the strain, and an
educated and refined girl will be broken un
der her weight of woes, the victim of an in
stitution of the past.
-- I m ■** (Oi »► ^
Five Thousand Rods.
Some years ago the province of Yunan, al
most exclusively populated by Mohammed
ans, rose in open revolt against its sovereign
cast off the celestial yoke and declared its in
dependence. The Chinese government, hav
ing subjugated the Yunanites, set to work to
convert them from Islam to the State wor
ship of the Flowery Realm. The Y unanites
have hitherto withstood persuasion, theolog
ical argument and torture with stolid resolu
tion ; so the astute mandarins intrusted with
the task of weaning them from their dogmat
ic errors have adopted the cunning expedient
of making it worth their while to become
idolators. A recent Imperial decree ordains
that every Mohammedan publicly renounc
ing his faith shall be enfranchised from taxa
tion, and that this privilege shall be extended
to his descendants for the period of 100 years.
The actual convert, moreover, shall be dis
tinguished by a mark of imperial favor
peacock's feather or cap-button, according to
his condition in life. Meanwhile, the Chi
nese government has ordered 5,000 gods, of
every orthodox variety, to be manufactured
for the especial benefit of the Yunan metrop
olis alone. These deities have been set up
by the police in the porches and courtyards
of every house in town, and the heads of
families are compelled to burn incense once
a day before their unwelcome Lares, as well
as to provide them with new clothes from
head to foot at certain stated periods. The
Chinese police are instructed to "look up"
any householder proving a defaulter in the
performance of these obligatory rites, and to
stimulate him to the fulfillment of his duties
by every convenient inducement. Thus
caught in a cleft stick, oue section of which
represents the certain advancement of his
personal interests and the other all the me
chanical ingenuities of the Celestial torture
chamber, it is considered highly probable
that, ere long, the Yunanite Moslem will en
thusiastically recognize the intrinsic merits
of the Chinese form of Buddhism as the best
of all possible religious creeds.
A good joke is told at the expense of one
of the female boarders at a popular summer
hotel at Watch Hill, a chambermaid being
the perpetrator. It seems that some of the
beds in the house are much inferior to others,
and a lady who occupied one of the good
ones desired to secure another of them for a
Philadelphia friend who was coming to the
house, so she requested the chambermaid to
see that a room containing such a one was re
served. The girl soon reported that none
could be procured, whereas the lady gave her
a dollar, with instructions to shift some one
else'» good bed, replace it by a poorer one,
and give the good one« to her friend. The
girl promised to carry ont this plot, and the
result was that The Philadelphia lady that
night dept on a good bed ; bnt the lady who
bribed the chambermaid was somewhat
astonished to find in her own room, upon re
tiring for the night, the inferior bed substitu
ted for her own.
Turkeys are almost ripe.
A Btuck-up-tking—A poster.
The arch young woman with
Boston, this season, has eaten 238,298 bas
kets of peaches.
One must have a tremendous voice to kill
two birds with one's tone.
Whom the gods wish to destroy they first
induce to wear tight boots.
One hundred and five pounds is the weight
of a champion Florida watermelon.
Look out for a severe winter. The fur on
the peaches is unusually long aud thick.
The population of Dakota as given by
counties in the Deadwood Times is 130,415.
The moßt useful pedestrian is the man who
walks up and down all night with the baby.
"I'll join you presently," said the minister
to the young couple, as he went for the
The hieroglyphics on a Chinese tea-box arc
often mistaken for a Philadelphia lawyer's
The Municipal Council of Berlin recom
mends the universal adoption of the practice
A Vermont editor claims to have seen a
rainbow at night, and the temperance people
despair of him.
The Pope has 6ent 6,000 francs for the re
lief of the sufferers by the floods in the pro
vince of Murcia, Spain.
When Christian ladies will send bouquets to
murderers, the laws of this country ought to
be patched in several places.
Beer drinkers will resort to Beersheba
Springs, Tenn., hereafter, under the impres
sion that they can get Beersheba there.
Six of the most eminent physicians in Lon
don have signed a paper to the effect that the
music of brass bands may cause nervous fev
Says the Whitehall Times : "Sleep is the
great leveler of mankind." It does appear
to be sort of an evening arrangement, 'tis
Bring him into the house, now, girls, it is
too chilly to loaf around on the front stoop :
you can make the gas bill light by keeping
the parlor dark.
Laramie Times , 16th : It looked refresh
ing this morning to see the overland tourist
in his linen duster as he gazed across 20,000
acres of clear, white snow.
Byron once said of a lady whose tongue
suggested perpetual motion to every visitor,
that she had been dangerously ill, but was
now dangerously well again.
The late Mr. Lewis Lawson, who owned
half of the London Telegraph , died worth
$5,000,000. His share of the revenue of the
paper was about $300,000 a year, and his
whole income $500,000.
The Philadelphia Bulletin thinks that the
best kind of an Indian uprising is when the
redskins have hemp around their necks and
are ascending skyward on the end of a rope
hung over the limb of a tree.
Blaine and Chandler and Logan were the
kind of men who did the work in Ohio. At
an early stage in the canvass it was discover
ed that the people required stronger meat
than was afforded by financial discussions,
and Foster himself was the first man to call
for the Old Gnard.
The favorite daughter of General Sher
man is engaged to be married to a Lieutenant
in the navy. She is a Catholic of the very
liberal kind, and so good a horsewoman is
she that in a jaunt of thirty-two miles she
has been known to come back fresh, while
the half-dozen young officers who escorted
her were entirely used up.
Business in Philadelphia is prosperous,
says the Record. The empty houses are fill
ing up. Staple articles of manufacture are
advancing in price. There is work for will
ing hands. Politics are at a stand-still. There
is nothing to attract the minds of men from
their legitimate business. The next Thanks
giving day will be a day for thanksgiving,
Farm laborers in Canada receive from $100
to $130 per year, with board ; carpenters,
from $1.40 to $1.60 per day ; house painters
11175 per day ; blacksmiths 34 cents per hour;
irinters from $6 to $10 per week ; ordinary
nillere from $8 to $13 per week; masons
: rom $1.50 to $3.50 per day, and plasterer*
I 11.75. There is very Httle difference in the
wages paid at different places. The cost of
iving is about ©ae-fourih less than it was
five years ago.
In an article on lawnessness in some of the
Southern States the St Louis Republican
(Democrat) says: "The only way to deal
with this state of things is to send an army
into the lawless region to protect the inhabi
tants and either kill the outlaws or drive them
out—and this the State authorities are pre
paring to do. It is strange that such a reign
of terror could be maintained almost in the
heart of the State, and within thirty miles of
Milledgeville. The histoiy of the Lowery
gang in North Carolina, of the Breathitt
county disorder!» in Kentucky and the train
robbers in Texas and Missouri shows that the
Southern States are a favorite field for organ
ised criminals who dwell in forests, or live on
horseback, and make both robbery their busi
ness. Whatever he the cause of this, it is
high time that the legislators in the Southern
States were directing their efforts to the re
moval of H. The society that tolerates or
ganized ontlswvy invites the chronic brigan
dage that is the corse ef Itaily and Spain."
xml | txt