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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. THURSDAY, DFCEtIBER 35, 1879. HORATIO MK tHOI K. Hod. KoscoeConkling has a brother-in-iaw engaged id the dairy business in Oneida county. New York. He is a Democrat. He has been in private life and has said and done nothing politically for eleven years, lie therefore differs from ether Democrats in single particular. Me has not rcceutly com mitted political hart kjtri. A few uneasy Democratic politicians yet ia the milky state of immaUn'uy, who think the American pee pie have short mcaioiie* and have the in stinct of the ostrich or cuttle fish, believing the Democrats must have a figure-head next year, are trying to resurrect him and make pretense that he is yet alive. Mr. Seymour set the example which the other Democrats followed. He took the wrong side of every controversy. Like the man looking out the rear window of the last car on a railroac train, he saw nothing until every one had passed it, and having once ran for the Presi dency and got fewer votes in the College than any other candidate in a quarter of a century, naturally does not take kindly to their plan. A candidate is not the crying Democratic need. That party needs a coherent set of po litical principles and a high patriotic purpose These being found they will not be puzzled to choose a candidate from a band of bruised, battered, bandaged and splintered war-horses A party that is relying on a dicker with Denis Kearney in California, that looks to Ben But ler's huckster shop for relief in Massachu setts, that fondly hopes by barter to capture the fiat money lunatics, and that holds in sub jection several States by massacre at which St. Baitholomew pales until the harmless flee in fear by thousands, is not ready for a can didate. If Mr. Seymour wants to try it over, by all means put on as a second Montgomery Blair. Those who think the world goes back ward would have their eyes opened and the very blind could see. Tbey were Seymour's "friends" who conducted the New York riots with circumstances of cruelty which made the stolid shudder ; it was he who wish ed the draft stopped, and who endorsed Onei da county bonds to soldiers' families officially "Without recourse." Mr. Seymour knows be is better than his party, that his political affiliations have blighted his life, trifled with bis good name and impaired his usefulness, and he is reso lutely determined to be no loDger handicap ped. Looking over the rostei of Democratic statesmen they seem about equally unfitted for the race. Mr. Tildea presents a single redeeming feature. He has money. Will he disgorge? If yes, he is the coming man. True, he cannot masquerade longer as a Re former, but invention is not exhausted and in some role he may cause the faitkful to cohere. Certainly his animosity to Church and Sey mour puts them out of the range of possibil ties. Thoughts of Governor Seymour, then, must be dismissed, but that the refusal of a prominent citizen to mention political issues for a series of years attracts to him so much support attests the dangerous quality of the Democratic mouth and reveals a dilemma in that party at which we ask the serious mind ed not to laugh unduly. The Herald heartily greets its widely scattered but formidable body of readers. The compliments of tbe season are cordially expressed and reach every cabin and home in Montana. We call out, A Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year to all. Parnell and Dillon sailed from Queens town for New York yesterday. Meetings of the New York Irish societies have been call ed to provide for their reception and to raise subscriptions to relieve the prevailing distress among Irish land teoants. Senator Blaine has sent the Baptist So ciety in Augusta, Maine, a gift of $50, and Sunday at church tbe committee's leport was read, wherein Mr. Blaine was mentioned as a distinguished citizen "who, if he has not the good fortune to be President, has the heart of a Christian and the generous hand of a prince." A popular clergyman was greatly bored by a lady who admired him without reserve "Oh.' my dear Mr. -," said she last Sun day afternoon; "there isn't any harm in one's loving one's pastor, is there?" "Certainly not, madam," replied the worthy cleric; "not the least in the world, so long as the feeling is not reciprocated." Gov. Luke P. Blackburn, of Kentucky, has been presented by the sporting men of Louisville with & carriage worth $2,000. The sporting men of Louisville could very well afford to make such a present, however, as many fiues due to the State from them have been remitted and a number of their fel lows released from tbe penitentiary. One gambling house alone was relieved of $10,000 in fiuee. TtSMe* Stamp«, Washington, December 23.—The New York tobacco manufacturers protest against tbe proposed change in the manner of print ing internal revenue stamps in tin foil tobac co wraps, and the department promises to consult the wishes of tbe trade before mak to THE HOOKBX EXOUU8. He lie a j that it is p.tyiug more for peace than it in the a to We know the history of the attempts to colonize the emancipated blacks in Liberia, in Central America and other places, and that the result has not been encouraging. And now, if great numbers of blacks should leave the South in a body the result would be' un fortunate to themselves, to those left and to those among whom they settled. If only a few of the strongest and most intelligent leave there will be no trouble to any one, and much general good may follow'. If the races can live together peaceably, it would undoubtedly be best f -r the blacks to remain in the South. But if that peace can only be had on condition of submitting to be re-en slaved, of being systematically robbed of wages and all poli'icai rights, we must say is worth. We would say on such terms, give us war, war to the knife and w T ar to the death. Exodus is much too mild a species of remedy to apply to the virulent malady For instance, at the recent election in Louisiana, in the parish of Madison, in the northern part of the Slate on the Mississippi river, a cotton county, the blacks are vastly more numerous than the whites. The parish used to give a regular Republican majority of 2,500 to 3,000, and would have done so this season if any fair election could have been held. A few' days before election a party of bull-dozers appeared in the parish, riding everywhere and employing all their familiar methods of inspiring terror. Tbey singled out such ones as were engaged in conducting the campaign, and as they emphati caily expressed it, got rid of them. One, David Armstrong, tbey hung for "talking back," as they say, or in other more truthful terms insisting on the exercise of his political rights ; another, ex-Sheriff Peck, was whip ped and others stretched, till tbe others took fright and fled. These regulators took pos session of tin polls on election day, deposited in bulk enough Democratic ballots to repre sent the full vote of the county, and had them counted and returned. No black man was allowed to come near the polls. In other parishes the same thing was done and thus the entire Democratic majority in the State secured. In Iberville parish, where Robert Herbert lives, who is the contestant of the seat held by Acklin in Congress, where there was enough resolute men to allow a fair election, the Republican candidate for Gov eruor had 1,619 majority, 636 more than was given for Packard, and larger than Kellogg received in 1872. In St. Mary's parish, where 800 majority of votes were cast for the Re publican ticket, the Clerk's office was broken open and the ballot boxes with all their con tents destroyed before the coun t was com plete. The 3,000 Republican majority in Tensas parish was counted out and 1,500 Democratic majority returned. Tbe same was the case in most of the cotton districts In tbe sugar districts, it is said, there was generally a fair election and a fair count. There the blacks are well treated and as a consequence do not think of emigrating. Only give them fair treatment and tbey can easily be managed and will generally vote for competent and worthy men. Tbe issue was distinctly made in tbe cotton districts, 'fair count or Kansas." The fair count was not given and a general exodus is now taking place or in preparation. Can any one blame the blacks ? White men would not resort to such peaceful methods of redress, but would die defending their rights. But thenegioes know full well that if they should kill their assailants, they would be exterminated. No laws would protect them. Their only alter native is submission or flight. If the cotton plantations are deserted and the owners ruined it will be a righteous retribution, much less than they deserve. The effect of the exodus now going on in northern Louisiana has been to reduce the market value of State bonds from 42 to 89£ cents, and still they are going down with cer tain bankruptcy and repudiation to follow, t is not true, as claimed, that tbe wealth of the South is all in the whites. Tbe value of tbe land is a small part of even a single year's crop that is grown on it by tbe labor of the blacks. Land that is not rated above $2.50 per acre will yield a cotton crop worth many times that amount and the blacks are com pelled to pay rent at tbe rate of $10 per acre, to abjure their political rights, or left tbe only peaceful! alternative of emigrating. And if tbey emigrate it is charged as infamous villainy on their part and those Northern men who encourage it and give them shelter. We are sometimes tempted in our indignation to exclaim, "What kind of savages are these Southerners, rny how! Do they pre'end to he civilized or believe in Christianity? To reason with them is much like arguing with a pack of hungry wolves. Northern Buffalo. Comparatively few buffalo have ranged the past summer and autumn north of the Inter national Boundary. Forts Walsh and Macleod bave for some years past been important cen ters for the collection of buffalo robes, the money value of which to the Indian hunter may be estimated at $2 each. In 1877 some 30.000 robes were gathered at Fort Macleod, and a large number at Fort Walsh ; in 1878 the number was 12,797 at the former and 16, 897 at the latter place ; while this year only 5,764 bave come in at Fort Macleod and 8,277 to Fort Walsh. This steady decrease in the number of buffalo slain by the Indians and half-breeds of the Northwest affords a ready explanation of the euffering prevalent among them. in a one to to a be of is us a A WAR OF GIAN I'M. The newspapers of both East and West come to us now teeming with mighty pro jects of trans-continental railroads till we be bome giddy in tracing tbe lines marked out for their progress. Though the scene of this contest lies quite a distance from Montana, our readers will not fail to be interested in anything that will aid other Territories the sooner to become Slates. The railroad world has never been so profoundly stirred as with in a few weeks past by the transaction of Gould, Vanderbilt and others. Jay Gould, from his foothold on the Union Pacific, has been reaching out ia both directions. Unable to make satisfactory terms with the Central Pacific magnates he first secures to himself an independent outlet to tbe Pacific at the mouth of the Columbia. He uext looks to his Eastern connections and having found his way clear by the purchase of a few depreciated lines to reach the latitude of New York, he boldly advances on Vander bilt and succeeds in securing for his grand combination a large, if not controlling in terest, in the New York Central. Now we are told he is in the lists trying to secure a connection for his Etstern roads through the Southern Territories to the Pacific, or to the city of Mexico, or to both. Here is where the seat ot war is situated : The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail Road Company is one of the most vital of all existing companies. It has been steadily pushing forward duriDg all the dull times as if nothing was the matter. Boston capital and Chicago energy control and support it. Already its first objective point, Santa Fe, has been reached, and track laying is going on at the rate of two miles per day. In a few weeks its cars will be at Albuquerque, on tbe Rio Grande, in about latitude 35 degrees. On this parallel was to run one of the land grant roads to tbe Pacific. The company that received the charter only built Î20 miles to Virrita, in tbe Indian country. A new concern, called the St. Louis & San Francis co Company, came into possession of its charter by foreclosure and has now trans ferred it with its 42,000,000 acre land grant to the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road. Though this land grant has in terms expired, a6 the Northern Pacific, there is little doubt that by joiniog forces with that of other land grant roads, it can secure an extension and will soon complete it through to the Pacific, having this advantage, that winter affords no obstacle. Its Pacific terminus may be Los Angles, but more likely the seaport of San Diego. But the Pacific line is only one string to its bow. It is pushing down the Rio Grande to El Paso, and from there has two more lines in contemplation, Guay mus, on tbe Gulf ol' Colorado, and one to the city of Mexico Gen. Gram's trip to the city of Mexico is said to be connected with this railroad project as well as with a suggested annexation of the whole country to the United States. But the Southern Pacific is also pushing tor El Paso, as well as two distinct Texas roads owned by Boston capitalists. It Is a grand race by at least four railroad companies to reach El Paso, and within two years it is thought that there will be three or more trans-continental roads competing for the commerce of the Pacific. Every furnace, forge and bloomery in Pennsylvania is working to its fullest capac ity, and at all our seaports vessels are unload ing iron in every form to meet the insatiable demand for rails. Next year is sure to witness more miles of railroad in this country than ever before. Probably not less than 10,000 miles will be added to our grand total. It is not only a competition between giant railroad companies but between cities. Bos ton against New York, and Chicago against St. Louis. It is a grand stuggle in which no one will be hurt and the whole country, es pecially the west and the Territories, will be great gainers. Bank Fmidenl Interviewed. Chicago, December 23.—The Daily Newt? European correspondent has interviewed D. D. Spencer, president of the defunct Savings Bank of Chicago, who is at present living at Wurtemberg, Germany. He verifies the his tory of his travels as already published, and says he has made no effort to conceal his whereabouts. He gives a detail of the opera tions of the bank and the causes which led to its suspension. He says he took with him from Chicago only $10,000 which he realized on his life insurance. He is anxious to re turn to Chicago that he may in a measure clear up the stigma which rests upon his name. 1 Sentenced to Frison. Boston, December 23.— Jas. F. Edmonds, beitefore a highly respected citizen of New son, plead guilty to an indictment charging him with forging the names of Lords & Ter nold, former partners in business, to notes representing upwards of $50,000, and has been sentenced to five years and six months in the State prison. Another Battle. Niw York, December 22.— On the 27th of November a bloody and stubborn battle took place between tbe Chilians and allied forces. The Chilians remained masters of the field, occupying the town of Taracopa. - M iwni I — - Raid on Counterfeiters. Chicago, December 22. —The police to-day made a raid on 202 Washington street, where a number of crooks have been working, and captured a gang of counterfeiters, headed by one Webster, and a complete set of counter feiter's plates, dies and tools, together with $1,000 in coin. JNTEBESTING NEWS BUDGET FE0M F0ET SHAW. The Cold Weather—37 Degrees Below Zero and Three Feet of Snow—Delay of Coaches—The Fort Shaw Vari ety Company- An Indian tnrns States Evidence, etc. fSPECIAL TO THE HERALD ] Fort 8kaw% December 23. The weather has been very severe for the la9t ten days. Tbe mercury fell last night to 37 degrees below zero, which is the lowest yet registered. A large number of tbe en listed men have been frozen more or less severely, notably one man, who had both feet frozen and bad to be taken to the hospital. There is at present nearly three feet of snow on tbe Bird Tail Divide, and a good prospect of more to come. The coaches from Helena have been de layed ail the way from ten to sixteen hours, and in several instances the drivers, although old stagers on this route, have lost their way for several hours at a time. The coach from Benton has as yet been delayed only from four to seven hours. The Fort Shaw Variety Company gave an entertainment last Saturday evening, with a fair-sized house, considering the weather. A young Indian has been placed in con finement here, being it seems an accomplice in the murder of a white man near the Black foot Agency, and he has turned States evi dence. It is rumored here that Quartermaster Ser geant Cooper, of this post, sent in his resig nation last night. It is the general opinion, however, that it will not be accepted. The soldiers will commence cutting ice for the post on Friday, the 26th. The telegraph line between here and Ben ton went down last evening about 10 o'clock, and unless the weather moderates it is likely to be some days before a repair party will be allowed to go out. One of the guard has jnst been carried to the hospital with his hands frozen. The coach from each way came in here on runners on their last trip. FORT RENTON. Intens« Cold—Deep Snow—Han Frone to Denth—root Race lor Cliamplontthlp or tbe Territory and Parse ol $400. [SPECIAL TO THE HERALD.] Fort Benton, December 21st. It is thirty degrees below zero this morn ing. The snow on a level is twenty-four inches deep. Mr. Boyle and wife, of Helena, are regis istered at the Overlaud. They will remain UDtil after the Holidays owing to tbe deep snow and severe weather. The Helena mail due here lait night did not arjive ill tbif evening. An exciting foot race took place here Sat nrday afternoon between Rush and Phillips for the championship of the Territory and a purse of $400. Rush walked away with the prize. Yesterday Michael Morton was found frozen to death a short distance from Belt creek, on the road to his house. Deceased was a dis charged soldier of the 7th Infantr}'. His wife and child were drowned last June in Belt creek near the spot where his body was found. Their death was attended with cir cumstances which aroused suspicion of foul play and deceased was arrested and commit ted to await the action of the grand jury. No bill was found, however, and he was dis charged. Since then he had been stopping with Mr. Bryne, at Belt creek. MAILS FROM TONGUE RIVER. A New Telegraph Station at Crow Creeat —Fort Fill» and Bozrman to be Con nected. [special to the herald.] Fort Ellis, Dec. 22, 1879. The mails from Tongue river are coming in on horseback, it being entirely impractica ble to run coaches over the range. It is still snowing here. A military telegraph office and repair station will be opened at Crow creek, within 1 mile of Radersburg, on Wednesday next. A company is being formed to open up tele graphic communication between Fort Ellis md Bozeman. Col. Alexander arrived borne Suuday. - • — ——*4 m ---------- belligerent. The Slotix say They Will Fight Before They Surrender Lambert's Murderers (special to the herald. Foot Custer, Dec. 22, 1S79. In a council held a few days ago amongst the Crows, they decided if an attempt was made to arrest the Lambert murderers they would fight. So if the attempt is made things may be lively in the Yellowstone valley, as the first break would be to clean out the settlers. FORT BHAW. Fearful Blissard—Boldler Badly Fräsen. [SPECIAL TO THE HERALD.] Fort Shaw, Dec. 24, 1869. A fearful blizzard is in progress. Snowing nard. The wind blows with great force. Tbe Helena coach arrived at 10 o'clock this rooming. On account of the severity of the storm the passengers have all laid over. The coach went on. Last night a soldier was badly frozen while standing guard. THE MIRDEKKRN OF WONBüiLEY CUT BANK. ON Intensely Fold Weather. (special correspondence of the herald ] Old Agency, M. T., Dec 17, 1879. To the Editor of the Herald. The mail carrier from the New Blackfoot Agency just arrived and reports that a Pie gan Indian, a young buck about 18 or 20 years old, who is now at the Agency, told Major Young a few days since that himself and an other Indian named Spokee killed tbe man named Wombsley on Cut Bank about Nov ember 1st, and took what money he had on his person ; that Spokee tired the shot. The In dian named Spokee is supposed to be in the Piegan camp in the vicinity of the Judith Basin. My informant says that Maj. Young will send the young buck to Fort Shaw within a few days. You will probably have full particulars from the Major soon. The weather is intensely cold hero; the thermometer was 17 degrees below zero this morning. Considerable snow between here and the New Agency. I arrived here this evening from Ft. Conrad, Marias River. There was very little snow on the road 1 traveled. I saw several large bands of cattle, mostly branded 8 T and C 2, all apparently in good condition. This information gratis, for the benefit of Sands Bros, and Matt Car roll. yours truly. A. B. HAMILTON. FROZE TO DEATH. More Than Halfor Co. K, 5th Infantry Suffering. [special to the herald ] Keogh, M. T., Dec , 22, 1879. A soldier by the name of Brown was frozen to death while out hunting. Lieut. Long left Keogh some few weeks ago with a train and his Company, K, 5th Infantry, for Bismarck. They experienced some very rough weather, encountered a blizzard, lost several mules and sixty per cent, of tbe men were frozen, some very seriously. They arrived at Bis marck on the 20th inst. Flax Bilk. According to a German paper, a discovery bas just been made at Lyons whereby a silk en appearance may be given to flax fibres. After chemical treatment of flax yarn, it is dipped into a liquid prepared from silk waste which leaves a silken coating upon it, and in regard to fineness, elasticity and gloss, tbe material is said to be perfect as a substitu e for silk. The new textile material no longer resembles flax, but has a bright, highly resist able silken thread. It appears that a short time ago a Paris gentleman went to Lyons, and for the sum ot 3.000,000 francs offered to communicate to the eilte manufacturers a process by which a texture could be pro duced from flax yam, at tbe rate oi 9 francs Der kilogramme, which would be equal if not superior to the silk produced at 3Ö francs per kilogramme. As tbe manufacturers hesitated to accept this offer, he prepared sa mfiles on the opot which were so successful that within an hour fourteen manufactures, whose names are given, contracted to pay the f um demand ed. A limited company, with a capital of 6 000,000 francs, including the inventor's 3.000.000 francs, is now to be formed to work the process. Should the process prove a suc cess, it will cause a revolution not only in the silk industry, but in all the textile branch es, and especially in the flax trade, Binging iim an Exercise. Singing is one of the healthiest exercises in which men, women and children can engage. The medical Worch.n«c/aift, of St. Peteia burgh, has an article based upon exhuusive researches made by Professor Mouas^eiu dur ing the autumn ot 1878, when he txmuted 222 singers ranging between the ages ot nine and 53. He laid chief weight upon the growth and absolute circumference of the chest, upon the comparative relation ot the latter to the tallness ot the subject, and upon the pneumatometricand spirometric condition of the siDger. It appears to be an ascertain ed fact from Dr. Monassein s experiment that the relative, and even the absolute, cir cumference of chest is g;cater among sines ers than among those who do nut sing, and that it increases with the y ro - ^ ' the singer. The pr'' /e ? 8 ° r . e '. en 8ft *y 8 1 ] . Hl singing may be pl^ed physic! y as the an i thesis of drying spirituous liquors. The latter hinders, while the former promotes ;he deve/opment of the chest. While milder forms of catarrh are frequent among singers, bronchial catarrh is exceedingly rare. The mortality of sincere from phthisis is unfre quent. Bright's diseases, on the contrary, is not unfrequent among them, which is also the case with non-drinkers. Nervous and impatient mortals, whose tempers are set on edge whenever the young woman next door seeks refuge in well-meant but too veherm n' song, will do well to bear in mind that sing ing is to be commended as a va'nal.lepo phylactic for persons who £, h hi-ic: 1 inclined. A Little Mistake.. A queer story, one which the Italians have characterized as being "well founded," if not true, reaches us from St. Petersburg!!. Lady Dufferin went to Court to be presented to the Czarina. On arriving at the winter palace she was shown into an ante-room, as she thought, where an aged lady, whom she took to be a mistress of the ceremonies, was seated on an ottoman. The lady motioned her to a place beside her, and entered into conversation, but in a frigid Russian style. Tbe handsome Irish woman with tbe Hamil ton blood in her veins has a little pride of her own, and thinking the Muscovite waiting woman was rather patronizing to the wife of an ambassador, assumed a "stand-off" air on her side. The ceremonious dame became more ceremonious and almost haughty. At length she asked: "Have you seen my daughter latelv ?" "Pardon me, madam," said Lady Duffer* 0 ? "I fancy we do not move in tbe same e rtle. Pray, who may your daughter be? The answer led up to a tableau "The Duchess of Edinburgh," , ' ,f> stately old female, who was none other than the Empress of Russia herself.