FISK BROS., - -
R. E. FISK, -
THURSDAY, DFCEtIBER 35, 1879.
HORATIO MK tHOI K.
Hod. KoscoeConkling has a brother-in-iaw
engaged id the dairy business in Oneida
county. New York. He is a Democrat. He
has been in private life and has said and done
nothing politically for eleven years, lie
therefore differs from ether Democrats in
single particular. Me has not rcceutly com
mitted political hart kjtri. A few uneasy
Democratic politicians yet ia the milky state
of immaUn'uy, who think the American pee
pie have short mcaioiie* and have the in
stinct of the ostrich or cuttle fish, believing
the Democrats must have a figure-head next
year, are trying to resurrect him and make
pretense that he is yet alive. Mr. Seymour
set the example which the other Democrats
followed. He took the wrong side of every
controversy. Like the man looking out the
rear window of the last car on a railroac
train, he saw nothing until every one had
passed it, and having once ran for the Presi
dency and got fewer votes in the College
than any other candidate in a quarter of a
century, naturally does not take kindly to
A candidate is not the crying Democratic
need. That party needs a coherent set of po
litical principles and a high patriotic purpose
These being found they will not be puzzled
to choose a candidate from a band of bruised,
battered, bandaged and splintered war-horses
A party that is relying on a dicker with Denis
Kearney in California, that looks to Ben But
ler's huckster shop for relief in Massachu
setts, that fondly hopes by barter to capture
the fiat money lunatics, and that holds in sub
jection several States by massacre at which
St. Baitholomew pales until the harmless flee
in fear by thousands, is not ready for a can
didate. If Mr. Seymour wants to try it over,
by all means put on as a second Montgomery
Blair. Those who think the world goes back
ward would have their eyes opened and the
very blind could see. Tbey were Seymour's
"friends" who conducted the New York
riots with circumstances of cruelty which
made the stolid shudder ; it was he who wish
ed the draft stopped, and who endorsed Onei
da county bonds to soldiers' families officially
Mr. Seymour knows be is better than his
party, that his political affiliations have
blighted his life, trifled with bis good name
and impaired his usefulness, and he is reso
lutely determined to be no loDger handicap
ped. Looking over the rostei of Democratic
statesmen they seem about equally unfitted
for the race. Mr. Tildea presents a single
redeeming feature. He has money. Will he
disgorge? If yes, he is the coming man.
True, he cannot masquerade longer as a Re
former, but invention is not exhausted and in
some role he may cause the faitkful to cohere.
Certainly his animosity to Church and Sey
mour puts them out of the range of possibil
ties. Thoughts of Governor Seymour, then,
must be dismissed, but that the refusal of a
prominent citizen to mention political issues
for a series of years attracts to him so much
support attests the dangerous quality of the
Democratic mouth and reveals a dilemma in
that party at which we ask the serious mind
ed not to laugh unduly.
The Herald heartily greets its widely
scattered but formidable body of readers.
The compliments of tbe season are cordially
expressed and reach every cabin and home in
Montana. We call out, A Merry Christmas
and A Happy New Year to all.
Parnell and Dillon sailed from Queens
town for New York yesterday. Meetings of
the New York Irish societies have been call
ed to provide for their reception and to raise
subscriptions to relieve the prevailing distress
among Irish land teoants.
Senator Blaine has sent the Baptist So
ciety in Augusta, Maine, a gift of $50, and
Sunday at church tbe committee's leport
was read, wherein Mr. Blaine was mentioned
as a distinguished citizen "who, if he has not
the good fortune to be President, has the
heart of a Christian and the generous hand of
A popular clergyman was greatly bored by
a lady who admired him without reserve
"Oh.' my dear Mr. -," said she last Sun
day afternoon; "there isn't any harm in one's
loving one's pastor, is there?" "Certainly
not, madam," replied the worthy cleric; "not
the least in the world, so long as the feeling
is not reciprocated."
Gov. Luke P. Blackburn, of Kentucky,
has been presented by the sporting men of
Louisville with & carriage worth $2,000.
The sporting men of Louisville could very
well afford to make such a present, however,
as many fiues due to the State from them
have been remitted and a number of their fel
lows released from tbe penitentiary. One
gambling house alone was relieved of $10,000
Washington, December 23.—The New
York tobacco manufacturers protest against
tbe proposed change in the manner of print
ing internal revenue stamps in tin foil tobac
co wraps, and the department promises to
consult the wishes of tbe trade before mak
THE HOOKBX EXOUU8.
j that it is p.tyiug more for peace than it
We know the history of the attempts to
colonize the emancipated blacks in Liberia,
in Central America and other places, and that
the result has not been encouraging. And
now, if great numbers of blacks should leave
the South in a body the result would be' un
fortunate to themselves, to those left and to
those among whom they settled. If only a
few of the strongest and most intelligent
leave there will be no trouble to any one,
and much general good may follow'. If the
races can live together peaceably, it would
undoubtedly be best f -r the blacks to remain
in the South. But if that peace can only be
had on condition of submitting to be re-en
slaved, of being systematically robbed of
wages and all poli'icai rights, we must say
worth. We would say on such terms, give us
war, war to the knife and w T ar to the death.
Exodus is much too mild a species of remedy
to apply to the virulent malady
For instance, at the recent election in
Louisiana, in the parish of Madison, in the
northern part of the Slate on the Mississippi
river, a cotton county, the blacks are vastly
more numerous than the whites. The parish
used to give a regular Republican majority
of 2,500 to 3,000, and would have done so
this season if any fair election could have
been held. A few' days before election a
party of bull-dozers appeared in the parish,
riding everywhere and employing all their
familiar methods of inspiring terror. Tbey
singled out such ones as were engaged in
conducting the campaign, and as they emphati
caily expressed it, got rid of them. One,
David Armstrong, tbey hung for "talking
back," as they say, or in other more truthful
terms insisting on the exercise of his political
rights ; another, ex-Sheriff Peck, was whip
ped and others stretched, till tbe others took
fright and fled. These regulators took pos
session of tin polls on election day, deposited
in bulk enough Democratic ballots to repre
sent the full vote of the county, and had them
counted and returned. No black man was
allowed to come near the polls. In other
parishes the same thing was done and thus
the entire Democratic majority in the State
secured. In Iberville parish, where Robert
Herbert lives, who is the contestant of the
seat held by Acklin in Congress, where there
was enough resolute men to allow a fair
election, the Republican candidate for Gov
eruor had 1,619 majority, 636 more than was
given for Packard, and larger than Kellogg
received in 1872. In St. Mary's parish, where
800 majority of votes were cast for the Re
publican ticket, the Clerk's office was broken
open and the ballot boxes with all their con
tents destroyed before the coun t was com
plete. The 3,000 Republican majority in
Tensas parish was counted out and 1,500
Democratic majority returned. Tbe same
was the case in most of the cotton districts
In tbe sugar districts, it is said, there was
generally a fair election and a fair count.
There the blacks are well treated and as a
consequence do not think of emigrating.
Only give them fair treatment and tbey can
easily be managed and will generally vote
for competent and worthy men. Tbe issue
was distinctly made in tbe cotton districts,
'fair count or Kansas." The fair count was
not given and a general exodus is now taking
place or in preparation. Can any one blame
the blacks ? White men would not resort to
such peaceful methods of redress, but would
die defending their rights. But thenegioes
know full well that if they should kill their
assailants, they would be exterminated. No
laws would protect them. Their only alter
native is submission or flight. If the cotton
plantations are deserted and the owners ruined
it will be a righteous retribution, much less
than they deserve.
The effect of the exodus now going on in
northern Louisiana has been to reduce the
market value of State bonds from 42 to 89£
cents, and still they are going down with cer
tain bankruptcy and repudiation to follow,
t is not true, as claimed, that tbe wealth of
the South is all in the whites. Tbe value of
tbe land is a small part of even a single year's
crop that is grown on it by tbe labor of the
blacks. Land that is not rated above $2.50
per acre will yield a cotton crop worth many
times that amount and the blacks are com
pelled to pay rent at tbe rate of $10 per acre,
to abjure their political rights, or left tbe
only peaceful! alternative of emigrating. And
if tbey emigrate it is charged as infamous
villainy on their part and those Northern men
who encourage it and give them shelter. We
are sometimes tempted in our indignation to
exclaim, "What kind of savages are these
Southerners, rny how! Do they pre'end to
he civilized or believe in Christianity? To
reason with them is much like arguing with
a pack of hungry wolves.
Comparatively few buffalo have ranged the
past summer and autumn north of the Inter
national Boundary. Forts Walsh and Macleod
bave for some years past been important cen
ters for the collection of buffalo robes, the
money value of which to the Indian hunter
may be estimated at $2 each. In 1877 some
30.000 robes were gathered at Fort Macleod,
and a large number at Fort Walsh ; in 1878
the number was 12,797 at the former and 16,
897 at the latter place ; while this year only
5,764 bave come in at Fort Macleod and 8,277
to Fort Walsh. This steady decrease in the
number of buffalo slain by the Indians and
half-breeds of the Northwest affords a ready
explanation of the euffering prevalent among
A WAR OF GIAN I'M.
The newspapers of both East and West
come to us now teeming with mighty pro
jects of trans-continental railroads till we be
bome giddy in tracing tbe lines marked out
for their progress. Though the scene of this
contest lies quite a distance from Montana,
our readers will not fail to be interested in
anything that will aid other Territories the
sooner to become Slates. The railroad world
has never been so profoundly stirred as with
in a few weeks past by the transaction of
Gould, Vanderbilt and others. Jay Gould,
from his foothold on the Union Pacific, has
been reaching out ia both directions. Unable
to make satisfactory terms with the Central
Pacific magnates he first secures to himself
an independent outlet to tbe Pacific at the
mouth of the Columbia. He uext looks to
his Eastern connections and having found
his way clear by the purchase of a few
depreciated lines to reach the latitude of
New York, he boldly advances on Vander
bilt and succeeds in securing for his grand
combination a large, if not controlling in
terest, in the New York Central. Now we
are told he is in the lists trying to secure a
connection for his Etstern roads through the
Southern Territories to the Pacific, or to the
city of Mexico, or to both.
Here is where the seat ot war is situated :
The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail
Road Company is one of the most vital of all
existing companies. It has been steadily
pushing forward duriDg all the dull times as
if nothing was the matter. Boston capital
and Chicago energy control and support it.
Already its first objective point, Santa Fe,
has been reached, and track laying is going
on at the rate of two miles per day. In a few
weeks its cars will be at Albuquerque, on tbe
Rio Grande, in about latitude 35 degrees.
On this parallel was to run one of the land
grant roads to tbe Pacific. The company
that received the charter only built Î20 miles
to Virrita, in tbe Indian country. A new
concern, called the St. Louis & San Francis
co Company, came into possession of its
charter by foreclosure and has now trans
ferred it with its 42,000,000 acre land grant
to the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road.
Though this land grant has in terms expired,
a6 the Northern Pacific, there is little doubt
that by joiniog forces with that of other land
grant roads, it can secure an extension and
will soon complete it through to the Pacific,
having this advantage, that winter affords no
obstacle. Its Pacific terminus may be Los
Angles, but more likely the seaport of San
But the Pacific line is only one string to its
bow. It is pushing down the Rio Grande to
El Paso, and from there has two more lines
in contemplation, Guay mus, on tbe Gulf ol'
Colorado, and one to the city of Mexico
Gen. Gram's trip to the city of Mexico is said
to be connected with this railroad project as
well as with a suggested annexation of the
whole country to the United States. But the
Southern Pacific is also pushing tor El Paso,
as well as two distinct Texas roads owned by
Boston capitalists. It Is a grand race by at
least four railroad companies to reach El
Paso, and within two years it is thought that
there will be three or more trans-continental
roads competing for the commerce of the
Every furnace, forge and bloomery in
Pennsylvania is working to its fullest capac
ity, and at all our seaports vessels are unload
ing iron in every form to meet the insatiable
demand for rails. Next year is sure to witness
more miles of railroad in this country than
ever before. Probably not less than 10,000
miles will be added to our grand total.
It is not only a competition between giant
railroad companies but between cities. Bos
ton against New York, and Chicago against
St. Louis. It is a grand stuggle in which no
one will be hurt and the whole country, es
pecially the west and the Territories, will be
Bank Fmidenl Interviewed.
Chicago, December 23.—The Daily Newt?
European correspondent has interviewed D.
D. Spencer, president of the defunct Savings
Bank of Chicago, who is at present living at
Wurtemberg, Germany. He verifies the his
tory of his travels as already published, and
says he has made no effort to conceal his
whereabouts. He gives a detail of the opera
tions of the bank and the causes which led
to its suspension. He says he took with him
from Chicago only $10,000 which he realized
on his life insurance. He is anxious to re
turn to Chicago that he may in a measure
clear up the stigma which rests upon his
Sentenced to Frison.
Boston, December 23.— Jas. F. Edmonds,
beitefore a highly respected citizen of New
son, plead guilty to an indictment charging
him with forging the names of Lords & Ter
nold, former partners in business, to notes
representing upwards of $50,000, and has
been sentenced to five years and six months
in the State prison.
Niw York, December 22.— On the 27th of
November a bloody and stubborn battle took
place between tbe Chilians and allied forces.
The Chilians remained masters of the field,
occupying the town of Taracopa.
- M iwni I — -
Raid on Counterfeiters.
Chicago, December 22. —The police to-day
made a raid on 202 Washington street, where
a number of crooks have been working, and
captured a gang of counterfeiters, headed by
one Webster, and a complete set of counter
feiter's plates, dies and tools, together with
$1,000 in coin.
JNTEBESTING NEWS BUDGET
FE0M F0ET SHAW.
The Cold Weather—37 Degrees Below
Zero and Three Feet of Snow—Delay
of Coaches—The Fort Shaw Vari
ety Company- An Indian tnrns
States Evidence, etc.
fSPECIAL TO THE HERALD ]
Fort 8kaw% December 23.
The weather has been very severe for the
la9t ten days. Tbe mercury fell last night to
37 degrees below zero, which is the lowest
yet registered. A large number of tbe en
listed men have been frozen more or less
severely, notably one man, who had both feet
frozen and bad to be taken to the hospital.
There is at present nearly three feet of snow
on tbe Bird Tail Divide, and a good prospect
of more to come.
The coaches from Helena have been de
layed ail the way from ten to sixteen hours,
and in several instances the drivers, although
old stagers on this route, have lost their way
for several hours at a time. The coach from
Benton has as yet been delayed only from
four to seven hours.
The Fort Shaw Variety Company gave an
entertainment last Saturday evening, with a
fair-sized house, considering the weather.
A young Indian has been placed in con
finement here, being it seems an accomplice
in the murder of a white man near the Black
foot Agency, and he has turned States evi
It is rumored here that Quartermaster Ser
geant Cooper, of this post, sent in his resig
nation last night. It is the general opinion,
however, that it will not be accepted.
The soldiers will commence cutting ice for
the post on Friday, the 26th.
The telegraph line between here and Ben
ton went down last evening about 10 o'clock,
and unless the weather moderates it is likely
to be some days before a repair party will be
allowed to go out.
One of the guard has jnst been carried to
the hospital with his hands frozen.
The coach from each way came in here on
runners on their last trip.
Intens« Cold—Deep Snow—Han Frone to
Denth—root Race lor Cliamplontthlp
or tbe Territory and Parse ol $400.
[SPECIAL TO THE HERALD.]
Fort Benton, December 21st.
It is thirty degrees below zero this morn
ing. The snow on a level is twenty-four
Mr. Boyle and wife, of Helena, are regis
istered at the Overlaud. They will remain
UDtil after the Holidays owing to tbe deep
snow and severe weather.
The Helena mail due here lait night did
not arjive ill tbif evening.
An exciting foot race took place here Sat
nrday afternoon between Rush and Phillips
for the championship of the Territory and a
purse of $400. Rush walked away with the
Yesterday Michael Morton was found frozen
to death a short distance from Belt creek, on
the road to his house. Deceased was a dis
charged soldier of the 7th Infantr}'. His
wife and child were drowned last June in
Belt creek near the spot where his body was
found. Their death was attended with cir
cumstances which aroused suspicion of foul
play and deceased was arrested and commit
ted to await the action of the grand jury. No
bill was found, however, and he was dis
charged. Since then he had been stopping
with Mr. Bryne, at Belt creek.
MAILS FROM TONGUE RIVER.
A New Telegraph Station at Crow Creeat
—Fort Fill» and Bozrman to be Con
[special to the herald.]
Fort Ellis, Dec. 22, 1879.
The mails from Tongue river are coming in
on horseback, it being entirely impractica
ble to run coaches over the range. It is still
A military telegraph office and repair
station will be opened at Crow creek, within
1 mile of Radersburg, on Wednesday next.
A company is being formed to open up tele
graphic communication between Fort Ellis
Col. Alexander arrived borne Suuday.
- • — ——*4 m ----------
The Slotix say They Will Fight Before
They Surrender Lambert's Murderers
(special to the herald.
Foot Custer, Dec. 22, 1S79.
In a council held a few days ago amongst
the Crows, they decided if an attempt was
made to arrest the Lambert murderers they
would fight. So if the attempt is made
things may be lively in the Yellowstone
valley, as the first break would be to clean
out the settlers.
Fearful Blissard—Boldler Badly Fräsen.
[SPECIAL TO THE HERALD.]
Fort Shaw, Dec. 24, 1869.
A fearful blizzard is in progress. Snowing
nard. The wind blows with great force.
Tbe Helena coach arrived at 10 o'clock this
rooming. On account of the severity of the
storm the passengers have all laid over. The
coach went on.
Last night a soldier was badly frozen while
THE MIRDEKKRN OF WONBüiLEY
Intensely Fold Weather.
(special correspondence of the herald ]
Old Agency, M. T., Dec 17, 1879.
To the Editor of the Herald.
The mail carrier from the New Blackfoot
Agency just arrived and reports that a Pie
gan Indian, a young buck about 18 or 20 years
old, who is now at the Agency, told Major
Young a few days since that himself and an
other Indian named Spokee killed tbe man
named Wombsley on Cut Bank about Nov
ember 1st, and took what money he had on
his person ; that Spokee tired the shot. The
In dian named Spokee is supposed to be in
the Piegan camp in the vicinity of the Judith
Basin. My informant says that Maj. Young
will send the young buck to Fort Shaw
within a few days. You will probably have
full particulars from the Major soon.
The weather is intensely cold hero; the
thermometer was 17 degrees below zero this
morning. Considerable snow between here
and the New Agency. I arrived here this
evening from Ft. Conrad, Marias River.
There was very little snow on the road 1
traveled. I saw several large bands of cattle,
mostly branded 8 T and C 2, all apparently
in good condition. This information gratis,
for the benefit of Sands Bros, and Matt Car
roll. yours truly.
A. B. HAMILTON.
FROZE TO DEATH.
More Than Halfor Co. K, 5th Infantry
[special to the herald ]
Keogh, M. T., Dec , 22, 1879.
A soldier by the name of Brown was frozen
to death while out hunting. Lieut. Long left
Keogh some few weeks ago with a train and
his Company, K, 5th Infantry, for Bismarck.
They experienced some very rough weather,
encountered a blizzard, lost several mules
and sixty per cent, of tbe men were frozen,
some very seriously. They arrived at Bis
marck on the 20th inst.
According to a German paper, a discovery
bas just been made at Lyons whereby a silk
en appearance may be given to flax fibres.
After chemical treatment of flax yarn, it is
dipped into a liquid prepared from silk waste
which leaves a silken coating upon it, and in
regard to fineness, elasticity and gloss, tbe
material is said to be perfect as a substitu e
for silk. The new textile material no longer
resembles flax, but has a bright, highly resist
able silken thread. It appears that a short
time ago a Paris gentleman went to Lyons,
and for the sum ot 3.000,000 francs offered
to communicate to the eilte manufacturers
a process by which a texture could be pro
duced from flax yam, at tbe rate oi 9 francs
Der kilogramme, which would be equal if not
superior to the silk produced at 3Ö francs per
kilogramme. As tbe manufacturers hesitated
to accept this offer, he prepared sa mfiles on
the opot which were so successful that within
an hour fourteen manufactures, whose names
are given, contracted to pay the f um demand
ed. A limited company, with a capital of
6 000,000 francs, including the inventor's
3.000.000 francs, is now to be formed to work
the process. Should the process prove a suc
cess, it will cause a revolution not only in
the silk industry, but in all the textile branch
es, and especially in the flax trade,
Binging iim an Exercise.
Singing is one of the healthiest exercises in
which men, women and children can engage.
The medical Worch.n«c/aift, of St. Peteia
burgh, has an article based upon exhuusive
researches made by Professor Mouas^eiu dur
ing the autumn ot 1878, when he txmuted
222 singers ranging between the ages ot nine
and 53. He laid chief weight upon the
growth and absolute circumference of the
chest, upon the comparative relation ot the
latter to the tallness ot the subject, and upon
the pneumatometricand spirometric condition
of the siDger. It appears to be an ascertain
ed fact from Dr. Monassein s experiment
that the relative, and even the absolute, cir
cumference of chest is g;cater among sines
ers than among those who do nut sing, and
that it increases with the y ro - ^ '
the singer. The pr'' /e ? 8 ° r . e '. en 8ft *y 8 1 ] . Hl
singing may be pl^ed physic! y as the an i
thesis of drying spirituous liquors. The
latter hinders, while the former promotes ;he
deve/opment of the chest. While milder
forms of catarrh are frequent among singers,
bronchial catarrh is exceedingly rare. The
mortality of sincere from phthisis is unfre
quent. Bright's diseases, on the contrary, is
not unfrequent among them, which is also
the case with non-drinkers. Nervous and
impatient mortals, whose tempers are set on
edge whenever the young woman next door
seeks refuge in well-meant but too veherm n'
song, will do well to bear in mind that sing
ing is to be commended as a va'nal.lepo
phylactic for persons who £, h hi-ic: 1
A Little Mistake..
A queer story, one which the Italians have
characterized as being "well founded," if
not true, reaches us from St. Petersburg!!.
Lady Dufferin went to Court to be presented
to the Czarina. On arriving at the winter
palace she was shown into an ante-room, as
she thought, where an aged lady, whom she
took to be a mistress of the ceremonies, was
seated on an ottoman. The lady motioned
her to a place beside her, and entered into
conversation, but in a frigid Russian style.
Tbe handsome Irish woman with tbe Hamil
ton blood in her veins has a little pride of
her own, and thinking the Muscovite waiting
woman was rather patronizing to the wife of
an ambassador, assumed a "stand-off" air on
her side. The ceremonious dame became
more ceremonious and almost haughty. At
length she asked:
"Have you seen my daughter latelv ?"
"Pardon me, madam," said Lady Duffer* 0 ?
"I fancy we do not move in tbe same e rtle.
Pray, who may your daughter be?
The answer led up to a tableau
"The Duchess of Edinburgh," , ' ,f>
stately old female, who was none other than
the Empress of Russia herself.
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