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"New Year's Eye, 1869," is the title of the excellent short story printed in this issue and awarded the published prize of $25.00. The author, Lieut. John W. Hannay, Third In fantry, is a gentleman of fine literary attain ments, who is known to the Montana public through his press writings of both prose and poetry. _ THAKHS. We appreciate in a high 6ense the debt of gratitude we owe the grand corps of men and women who have come to our help and contributed so entertainingly and instructively in the preparation of this New Year's Number of the Herald. Our obligations are felt to be more than we can readily repay, and we shall await with no little impatience a fair oppor tunity to "get square" with one and another of our most kind and most esteemed fellow workers in the good cause. Accept, all, our sincere thanks, and the Herald's heart-felt wish for a Happy New Year. PK1ZE ARTICLES. For the best article or essay, judged by a committee selected and acting for that pur pose, the Herald prize of $25.00 w T as voted to Rev. Geo. G. Smith, of Helena. His pro duction, entitled "The Indian Question," will be found alongside of many other offerings of conspicuous worth in these columns. For the best article on Montana, that en titled "Land of the Shining Mountains," by John Potter, Esq., of Hamilton, was awarded the prize of $25.00. The high merit of the production will be generally recognized upon its perusal. OIB PRIZE POEM. With pardonable pride we point to the ex quisite poem, "The Round Tower in the West," which gracesour first page. Submitted with other poetical offerings to a competent committee of three, composed of two gentle men and one lady—the authorship in each case carefully withheld—it was unanimously voted the prize offered by the Herald. The gifted lady who is thus deservedly honored, resides at Centerville, Meagher County, hav ing come to Montana a bride, from Western New York, less than a year ago. As Annie Herbert 6he is known to fame as the author of many poetical gems. Among the best known and most highly lauded of these are "The Rift of the Rock," " When the Mists Have Rolled Away," "Where the Shadow Falleth Never," " Hier Ruft," and several kindred productions. These have familiar ized the lady's name among all lovers of verse. Mrs. Barker could not more generally or favorably have reached the acquaintance and the hearts of the people among whom she has come to make her home than through her "Round Tower in the West." Several of her hymns have found conspicuous place in the collections used by Moody and Sanky and other evangelists. While Mrs. Barker has indulged in writing many minor poems, re ligious and otherwise, which have had a wide popularity, we believe this one furnished the Herald is her most considerable production. It will be the confident hope of her friends that she will continue this use of her pen, and that she will at an early day gather into a volume her poems which are certainly worthy of a permanent place in literature. •-- m -« ►» mm - MONTANA BANKING. Banking in Montana is a flourishing and profitable business. There are banking houses, National or private, or both, in every considerable town of the Territory. Cash transactions in the aggregate foot up many millions of dollars annually. This applies particularly to banking houses in Helena, Butte, Deer Lodge, Virginia City, Bozeman and Missoula. A few facts and figures ob tained from the First National Bank of Helena, the principal institution of its kind in Montana, will prove interesting as showing the magnitude of business reached in a single case. The average deposits in this bank dur ing the year 1879 were $615,000. These are in round figures, leaving off the hundreds. Total cash transactions for the year, $29,438, 835. Surplus and profits of the bank $120,000. The exchange business is a large item, reaching during the year $3, 757,223. There is probably no National Bank of all the Territories doing so consider able a business as the First National of Helena, or one that can show so large a sum in net earnings. THE RICHEST GOLD GULCH. The first real mining excitement in Mon tana began in 1863, with the discovery of gold in Alder Gulch, upon which Virginia City is situated. A party of prospectors from Bannack City had been to the Yellowstone river and Big Horn Mountains, where they met with hostile Indians, who finally drove them back. The party divided, some going south toward Salt Lake City, and the remain der returning to Bannack. On reaching Alder Creek, the latter stopped for dinner, and while the remainder were preparing the meal, William Fairweather panned out a little of the gravel. The first panful yielded 30 cents and subsequent ones $2. As soon as this discovery became known there was an im mediate stampede to Alder gulch from all parts of the Territory, and a little later from all parts of the country. At first the product was from $100 to $200 a day for each man, and in the first five years after its discovery, Alder gulch and its tributaries yielded on an average $8,000,000 a year. The total product up to the end of 1876 was more than $70,0u0, 000. Last year it was $600,000. This gulch was the richest ever discovered in the world. to La to is the ep 1877, in 0C0. 803 54 fully cient mill but ure our rWritten for the Herald.] SUITE AND ITS NEIGSBOM, BY CHARLES S. WARREN. Without any apology to offer, I undertake the task assigned me, and will endeavor to write up the wonderful resources and progress of Sum mit valley, Independence and surrounding min ing districts within a radius of twenty miles of this justly celebrated mining center of the great Northwest. To tell the truth concerning this marvelous district is something that Jules Verne might weli shrink from attempting. For the past two years correspondents from New York to the Pacific have vied with each other in the laudable un dertaking of acquainting the world with the wounderful mineral wealth of Montana. But no sooner would an article appear in print, which the writer fondly hoped would make him the peer of Geo. Alfred Townsend, Eli Perkins, or Jim Anderson,'than other and new develop ments of the country would retire him to the foot of the class of reliable correspondents. Times have changed in Montana. The gloom of despondency which hung like a cloud over these isolated mountains a few years ago is gone. The days of doubt and uncertainty have passed forever and now the Territory jumps at once into the front rank as the future mineral empire of the new world. Little did we dream ten years ago of the matchless country we now have. Verily, pioneers of the country "builded better than they knew." The mines of Summit Valley district, from the little development already made, bid fair to rank among the best in the land. No where else on the continent can you walk for so many miles upon paying mines. We will commence at Silver Bow creek and for nearly four miles northwardly we cross rich veins of ore. It is estimated that we have 200 paying mines already developed in the camp. The following lodes, 169 in number, embrace the greater part of the paying mines of this min eral district. There have been fully 3,000 loca tions, but very little development has been made on many of the most promising leads of the camp. The milling and smelting capacity has be.en barely sufficient to prospect some of our lodes. Another year we are in hopes that our mills and smelters will be sufficient to least test a large number of very favorable pros pects that are now lying idle for want of works to reduce the ores. at Alice AnpJo Saxon Ancient Andy Johnson Alex Scott Aurora Anselmo Alice Brown Adventure Blue Wing Buffalo Brady Burnett Belcher Badger State Burlington Banker Blue Jay Buenos Ayers Bummer Buffalo Black Rock Brother Jonathan Bellona Belle Brutus Bonanza Baltic Black Stone Black Bear Black Hawk Czaromah Columbia Charter Oak Caledonia Carlotta Clear Grit Colusa Comanche Carte Blanche Cossack Carrie Cora Diadem Dclmonte Delight Daniel Quilp Elia Eagle Bird Emma Elm Orlu Ella Luster Enterprise Flag Florinda Fraction Fredonia Frank Moulton Fitzonia Gray Rock Great Republic Germania Garabaldl Gold Schmidt Gold Flint Gray Eagle Gambetta Gagnon Hattie Harvey High-Ore Henrietta Isele Ibex Iris Josephine Jasper Kit'Carson Late Acquisition La Plata Lexington Little Mina Little Horn Late Acquisition Spur Lena Left Bower Limitation Lenn K Modoc Extension East Maximillian Mountain Boy Missoul i Magna Charta Mountain Mount Mariah Moscow Maria Missouri Moose Moody Moscow Mountain Chief Mountain Lion Major Budd Neptune Nettie Nipper None Such Nappa Nannie Duke Never Sweat Orphan Boy Oriental Occidental Orphan Girl Olive Branch Ontonagon Original Old Faithful Oro Butte Plover Poser Pacific Slope Prospector Pawn Broker Parrot Palmetto Poulin Pike County Pleiades Rocker Ruby Right Bower Raven Rock Island Rising Star Stevens Silver Border Smoke House Self Riser Sawkie Silver Smith Snoozer Steward Sioux Chief Sankey Silver Shield Speculator State of Maine St Louis Snow Flake Snow Drift Sunny Side Shonbar Tiavona Tom Haney Twin Stevens Thief Herder Tennerilf Valdemere Virginius Volunteer Wappello Wake Up Jim Wm Penn Wild Bill Washoe Woolmaa Wabash Zelia I regret that opportunity forbids me from referring to all of these mines. I can speak only to a few of the most prominent. THE ALICE MINE is perhaps without a rival on the contioent, save and except the Comstock. This now - famous mine was lo cated on the 2d day of January, 1875, by Rolla Butcher. Joseph R Walker, of Salt Lake, became the owner of the property early in the fall of 1876, and at once com menced the development of the property as "The Alice Gold and Silver Mining Company." They erect ep a twenty-stamp mill, and in the month of December, 1877, commenced to reduce ores, at the same time con tinning to develope the mine. They have reduced ore in their mill and shipped bullion to the value ot |S00, 0C0. The mine is partially developed to the depth ol 803 feet At the 400-foot level the width of the ledge is 54 feet, 46 of which will mill upwards of one hundred dollars per ton, besides four feet of ore which will run fully |300 per ton. It is estimated that there iS suffi cient ore in this mine in sight to run a twenty stamp mill for at least twenty year*. The company Lae expended in improvements on the p-ojierty more than three-fourths of a mill! >n dollars, but now ha« its reward. It is owing in a great meas ure to the developments of this company that we base our permanency as a mining community. Fourteen thousand tons of ore, valued at 11,400,000 its ing day. R. have been taken from the mine and 8.000 tons have been worked or shipped which have yielded $S00,000. The amount expended in mining and milling the ore and in all improvements is $750,000. At the 100-foot level there is from 18 to 50 feet of fine ore ; at the 200-foot level 18 feet of pay ore ; at the 300-foot level the ore body is 18 to 50 feet wide ; at the 400-foot level there are 54 feet of ore, and at the 500-foot level there are 12 feet of ore in the west drift and neither wall rock in sight One hundred and thirty-five men are on the roll of the mine, and 35 on that of the mill, A new forty-stamp mill will be erected in the spring, or as soon as the machinery can be got on the ground. This, with the present twenty stamp mill, will treble the product of bullion. From the best of our informa tion the daily yield of bullion from the twenty stamps is $1,800. With the new null added the product will be $5,400 daily, or $162,000 every month, and at the same ratio $1,944,000 in one year. The ore in sight will keep sixty stamps running six or seven years. The mine is under the superintendence of Marcus Daly, who graduated in the Comstock, and is undoubt edly the ablest mining superintendent in Montana. The mill and all its operations are under the super intendence of Lathrop Dunn, Esq., and the success of the mill in working the ore to r very high per cent, is due to his experience, skill and ability. LEXINGTON MINE. This mine is the promperty of Judge A. J. Davis, of Helena. It has a record for productiveness and profit unequalled in the Territory, which is owing to the careful, ej'stematic and economical management of Mr. Davis, who is his own superintendent. The mill, ten stamps, commenced crushing ore in February, 1877 and has run without interruption, except for two months to make additions and repairs, to this date The product is estimated at $600,000 in fine silver bars The expense of mining, hauling and milling the ore is only $10 per ton. The ore is free and works easily. The mine is developed only to the depth of 130 feet Upwards of 2,000 feet of levels have been run, develop ing a body of ore 1,000 feet in length and from 5 to 36 feet in width. In connection with the Lexington Judge Davis owns the Missoula, Allie Brow'n, Wappel lo, Anna and Ida, Atlantic, Transit and Alexander, all of which,are patented and nearly all of which are full claims. The value of this property is estimated by ex perts here to be $2,000,000. SILVER BOW MINING AND MILLiNG COMPANY. This Company ie composed of men who are hard working, practical miners, and the fine property they own and the wealth they have accumulated is the re sult of their own labor and industry. They afford an example of what united, honest effort can accomplish The company owns several good mines, among which are the rich La Plata, the Mount Moriah, Mid night, Josephine, Maximillian, Carlotta and Paw'n Broker. All of these are paying mines and fnrnish sufficient ore to keep their mill supplied, although they occasionally run on custom rock to accommodate their neighbors. They have, at an expense of $140,000, erected one of the few first class twenty stamp mills in the Territory. It has automatic feeders and all the modern improvements. It runs with the regularity and smoothness ot a good clock. It turns out from $45,000 to $48,000 per month of first class silver bullion The success of the mill is owing in great part to the personal superintendence of its owners, viz : James A, Talbott, general manager; Richard S. Jones, assayer and chemist, ; John Downs, superintendent of mines and Dennis Leary. R. B. Wallace, Superintendent of the mill, is a splendid specimen of a Nevada-educated mill man, and thoroughly understands his business, Their is not a miner In the camp but rejoices at the success of their old friends in this company. Their property is easily worth a million dollars, but they are satisfied to hold it instead of putting it into a stock company. WM. A. CLARK, MINE AND MILL OWNER. Wm. A. Clark was the first to risk all his worth in milling the ores ot Butte. If they had failed in rich ness he would have been a poor man. As it is he is said to have cleared half a million dollars in three years past in his mining and milling operations here. H;s success is one of the finest examples of what c'.ear headed energy will do in Montana. A dozen years ago he came to Montana a poor man. He first secured a mail contract from Missoula to Walla Walla, in Washington Territory, a distance of over 400 miles, and carried the mail on horseback himself winter and sum mer. With his earnings he soon went into the firm of Donnell, Clark & Larabie, at Deer Lodge, a well known banking house, which is still in successful operation He is the owner of the famous Original mine, the Frank Moulton, adjoining the Alice, which shows a most flattering prospect, the Anglo Saxon, which shows thousands of tons of 40 ounce ore in sight, the Travona, the richest base silver mine in camp, besides twenty other mines not yet fully developed. He and his brother, J. K. Clark, own the famous Dexter mill, twenty stamps, ;which has justly earned the name of "Old Reliable" from its regularity of work ing for three years past. He bids fair to become a rich man yet. THE THORNTON MILL is owned by Col. J. C. C. Thornton, who has abandon ed a profitable and growing law practice to give his whole attention to it It is working the free ore from the Gagnon mine and from the Zelia lode. The ore from the latter carries a large per cent of goid. As high as $90 in gold and 39 ounces in silver per ton have been found by assay. GAGNON MINE. This extraordinary mine is owned by Thornton, Rosenthal, Ransome and Reiley, and from the surface has proved to be one of the richest mines ever opened in the Western Territories. Over $200,000 in value of copper and silver ore lias been shipped East, besides supplying a ten stamp mill with the free ores of this mine. The working shaft is down 150 feet, showing native silver in large quantities. Joseph Rosenthal, Esq., is the able and energetic superintendent of the mine and part owner. We attribute much of the success of our mining operations at Butte to the fact that nearly every mine and mill in the camp is either worked or superintend ed by one or more owners in person. THE CLIPPER MILL. Messrs, McDermott A Lavalle are the owners of this mill and of the Belle mine. Their mine has produced $30,020 in the last three months. There is plenty of paying ore in sight, and the quality is improving in value the more the mine is worked. It is considered one of the valuable properties of the camp. CENTENNIAL MILL. Is owned by Messrs, Rainsford A Clark. It has ten stamps, five having been added during the past year, and the mill every way improved. It pounds away steadily and will make a fortune for its owners. They mostly work their own ores, but sometimes do custom work. BURLINGTON MILL. Owned by Young & Roudebush, has been running for two years past, and has made quite a fortune for its owners. They have been successful from the be ginning, and are among the oldest and most reliable miners in the camp. They own the Cora, East Bur lington, Nettie and Aurora mines, all of which are valuable. GROVE GULCH MILL, Owned by Solberger A Yaeger, is running on ore from the Boardman A Stevens vein, with good re sults. akabthap. Among the oldest, best and cheapest means of work ing s-'lver or gold ores is by the arastra process. Six have been erected at and neai; Butte, all run by water power. The following is a list of owners : Harry Gassert, at Silver Bow, works 2 % tons per day. Surprenant & Marceau work 3 tons per day, R. McMin works 1 tons per day. N. Wolverton, at Rocker, 3 tons per day; suspended on account of the death of Mr. Wolverton. Goff Bros., 2 tons per day. 1 Working ores by arastra is a slow process and on a small scale. But to illustrate the sj stem and its profits I give a description of Kessler & Smith's. Their aras tra is situated four miles from town and uses the water from Yankee Doodle creek. The result shows it plays a lively tune. Messrs. Kessler & Smith own three paying mines, which are patented, viz. : the Banker, Clear Grit and Oro Butte. From these they get their own ore, and haul it four miles. They have been working over three years without interruption, winter or summer, their flume being covered. They have worked on an average ten tons per week. They have extracted eighty per cent, of the assay value of the ore. Their bullion has never run less than 950 fine. The cost of mining, hauling and working the ore has averaged $25 per ton, and the gross yield of the ore has been $60 per ton. Say they have run 150 weeks, ten tons per week would make 1,500 tons worked, yielding $60 per ton. This would amount to $90,000. Deduct for all expenses $25 per ton, $37,500. Profit in three years, $52,500. This is certainly the poor man's way of getting rich. It is elow, but sure. In a short time Messrs. Kessler & Smith will be able to build a mill without going into debt, and they having three goad mines to get ore from will accumulate wealth rapidly. The mining interests of the camp may be briefly summed up, that we have at least 175 paying mines and 103 stamps now running, one smelter, a population of 3,500 souis, and the liveliest, most enterprising and prosperous community between St. Paul and Portland. SMELTERS. The Colorado & Montana Company, have made a success from the first day's run, and is of immense benefit to the Territory. Mr. William, the Superin tendent in charge, is second to no man in any country as a thorough business man. He has had large expe rience both in America and abroad, and is the right man in the right place. I regret that I have been un able to obtain the result of the workings of this com pany. They run constantly and reduce about twenty five tons of high grade manganese silver ores per day. No one enterprise in the camp has added to our growth and permanency as has these works. Mr. Wm. A. Clark is the Montana director of the com pany. THE MONTANA COMPANY OF NEW YORK. This company, of which Mr. C. T. Meader is general manager, has recently purchased the Colusa, flattie Harvey, and other celebrated copper mines in this dis trict, and has expended fully $100,000, and is now erect ing smelting works on a grand scale. Mr. Meader is well known on the Pacific coast as one of the pioneer copper operators of California, a man who has made and lost millions in the traffic, but a man whose judg ment is considered the best in the land on copper mines and the reduction of copper ores. The pros pects of this company are exceedingly flattering, and I do not see how it can be possible for them to make a failure under the able, efficient and thorough manage ment of Mr. Meader. The next that calls for attention are the PUBLIC SCHOOLS. The schools of Butte are its first pride. The enume ration taken in November shows 800 children under twenty years of age. The fine brick school house contains four large rooms, and will accommodate 240 pupils. It cost $8,000. Two others will accommodate 100 more. These schools are under charge of Prof. R. B Hassel, noted as one of the best practical educators in Montana. A new school house will be needed next year to accommodate the increasing number of chil dren. The people, without dissent or division, are en thusiastic in the support of their schools. In the suburbs, Walkerville has a new brick school house, which cost $2,000. It is in charge of Miss Em ma Butcher, an accomplished teacher, a graduate of the Sisters' Academy at Helena. Travona has a school house which accommodates fifty children. A. J. Noyes, teacher, has a first class reputation. Meaderville is building so rapidly that it is in con templation to erect a school house there next spring. Thus it will be seen that the school facilities of Butte and vicinity keep pace with its growth. CHURCHES. The M. E. Church, corner of Quartz and Montana Btreets, is one of the most tasty structures in Montana. When finished the cost will be $8,000 to $10,000. Its construction is due to the zeal and energy of Rev. F. A. Riggin, its pastor. The Catholic Church, corner of Washington and Mercury streets, was the first church built in Butte, and cost $2,000. It has a large congregation. Anew and larger building is much needed. Father De Ryck ere, of Deer Lodge, officiates monthly. The Episcopalians own two eligible lots comer of Broadway and Idaho street, and expect to build a fine church in the spring. Rev. Mr. Tillotson, pastor, re sides in Butte, but supplies Deer Lodge monthly. Rev. J. R. Russell, long time a resident of Deer Lodge, has a fine congregation, hut no church. He has lately moved to Butte with his family to reside permanently. He will not he long without a church. The Y. M. C. A. have a comfortable free reading room, which is well attended. The educational and religious facilities of Butte speak well for the character of ils people. The business houses of Butte have increased so rapidly during the past year that I will not attempt to enumerate them as in my former article. I will only mention a few of the more prominent. HOTELS. The Centennial, the oldest hotel in Butte, is still owned and kept by Dr. Beal. His city customers fill his house, so occasionally travelers cannot get rooms. The St Nicholas was opened about two months ago by Messrs. Aylesworth and McFarland, of the McBur ney House, in Deer Lodge. Mr. McFarland gives his personal attention to the Sr. Nicholas, and his friends from all over the Territory find him out and stop with him. He has 35 comfortable rooms and the tables will seat 75 persons. His aim is to make it as popular as the McBurney House, and particularly a home for travelers. The above houses rank first but there are many smaller and comfortable ones in the city. Restaurants and boarding houses are abundant and generally well kept Butte needs a first class, roomy, brick hotel. It is a public necessity to have one. BANKING HOU8ES. Donnell, Clark A Larrabie is one of the beet known and most solid firms of the Territory, and is known as well in New York as in Montana. S. T. Hauser & Co., of the First National Bank of Helena, the oldest and wealthiest institution of the kind in the country, are proprietors of a branch bank here. H. D. nauser, Esq., assisted by 1.1. Le wie, have charge of this banking house. WHOLESALE GROCBRS. Lee W. Foster & Co., John D. Thomas, John Ca plice & Co., Marchesseau & Vale ton. All these houses carry very heavy stocks. WHOLESALE DRY GOODS. E. L. Bonner & Co., H. Bameu, Sands Bros., WHOLESALE HARDWARE. Kinna & Jack, Dillinger & Hyde. These firms sell immense amounts of shovels, picks and iron to the miners, besides nails and building hardware to "a. penters and builders. WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS. Pärchen A D'Acheul, George T. Hale, Trisberger A Boardman. WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS. Brown & Frank and James Matthews are the only firms exclusively in this line. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL CLOTHING. H. Jacobs & Co. carry a very heavy stock. Our space is already more than occupied, and the larger dec ttrs only are enumerated. MINERS' HOSPITAL. , The Miners' Hospital, of which Dr. O. B. Whitford j is proprietor, is one of the institutions of the city. ' a of Here are received all injured or sick miners belonging to the Hospital Club, each miner paying $1 per month to the Club, and in case of sickness gets free nursing and medical attendance. The Hospital is neatly and cleanly kept and the nursing and medical attendance ie first class. We also boast of a city government which, if it has not made a very enviable reputation, ie out of debt, and is the cause of Butte being the largest and most populous "city" north of Salt Lake. There are 1,500 men at work in the mines, mills and country immed'ately surrounding Butte. The wages paid for miners is $3 50 per day ; top hands $3 per day ; mill hands $3 to $3 50 per day; wood haulers, team sters, laborers, etc., from $40 to $75 per month and board. Skilled artizans receive from $3 50 to $7 per day. Hay is worth $25 per ton ; board from $5 to $8 per week ; provisions about the same price as at He lena, except vegetables, which command higher prices. Potatoes are worth 3X cents per pound ; cabbage 5 cents per pound ; eggs sixty cents per dozen ; butter 50 cents per pound. All these products of the country command a ready sale which has made the farmers of the adjacent valleys wealthy. During the past year this district has doubled its population, trebled its wealth, and taken rank as the great bullion producing and mining center of the al most unexplored but marvelously rich Northwest. The long looked for deliverance from isolation is now near at hand. The Utah Northern railroad has done more toward the development of Montana in the past twelve months, although just approaching the borders of the Territory, than all other influences combined. The building of this road will bring forth such results within the next three yeasr as few of us dream of Montana instead of being a Territory will be a State ; Helena and Butte instead of being villages will rank with Denver and Omaha ; where now are a few hardy, adventurous miners will be villages, towns and cities. Even the valleys, where settlers are miles apart now, will be teeming with happy homes ; log school houses will make way lor temples of learning and art which will be theii successors. The bullion product of the district the past year is estimated at $3,(K>0,000 and 1 think these figures are under rather than over the real product. Butte has everything to make life pleasant and profi table. Some twenty stores, forty saloons, five mar kets, three barber shops, two foundries, three lumber yards, two churches, four schools, two sash and door factories, four large furniture stores, fifteen hotels and restaurants, five livery, feed and sale stables, Young Men's Christian Association, Hospital, two auction and commission stands, two social clubs, lodges of Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Good Tem plars. a Miners' Union with 800 members, and even an old-fashioned church sewing circle ; lawyers, doctors, and clergymen sufficient to attend to all the wants of the people; two newspapers, the Daily and Weekly Miner —which is authority on all matters of interest in this section—and the Frontier Index, w hich is a spicy weekly ; theatres, banks, etc. In writing this sketch I have hastily glanced over only the important features of the camp. Were I to go into the details ot this great belt ot mines I could easily till every column of (he Holiday Herald. The country surrounding But'e—Pipestone district, Vi pond, and the immense mining and smelting interests at Glendale and Trapper—are all more or less tributary to Butte. Such a mining country has never betöre been discovered in the world, save and except Lead ville. Professors Blake and Clayton, of New York, have made a thorough examination of the resources of Butte and surrounding country, and will at an early day report upon the mines in this district, when Butte will at once take rank with Bodte, Leadville, or Vir ginia, Nevada. In conclusion, I desire to state that I have hardly mentioned the immense deposits of copper, lead anil base silver ores of the camp. To take a look over the camp, visit the mines, mills and smelters, and have a full explanation of everything—it is even then some thing almost beyond the comprehension of the average man to estimate our lutuie. BONANZA CHIEF. A Black Hills Mine in Montana. BY GARDNER II. SHELDON. While the Alta Montana Company bave, during the last six months, by the expenditure of nearly $200,000 on their silver reduction works and mines at Wickes and by the pur chase of valuable mining properties, secured to our Territory a "Leadville," so the 6ame gentlemen connected with that company have, by the use of capital made known to us that we had in magnitude a "Black Hills" gold mine lying within an hour's ride of our Capi tal. It is worth while for us to know who these gentlemen are that have laid open to us, at our doors, the wealth that has so long lain dormant, and which, by immediate develop ment, will pour a large amount of money into the hands of our merchants, machinists, and laborers, and add to the growing demand for all productions of our soil. They are well known to the great moneyed center of our country, not ODly as men of wealth, but as philanthropists, who use their means wisely and well in promoting the large benevolent and Christian operations of the day—such names as A. S. Barnes, Alanson Trask, Henry A. Richardson, Tasker H. Marvin, Michael Snow, Stephen H. Harrison, Henry Sawyer, George C. Robinson, Lucius M. Sheldon, and Wm. W. Wickes, of New York. To these are added S. T. Hauser and Cole Saunders, of Montana, identified and interested in the mine. The gold property referred to ha 9 been often written about in the daily press and much talked of, and has been visited by so large a portion of our citizens that much more cannot be said in a brief article, such as you have invited me to write. It was upon the scientific report of the leading metallurgist of ourTerritory, Dr. Ernest Grenier, who made an elaborate examination of the mine that in fluenced the immediate organization of the Bonanza Chief Gold Mining Companj\ with a capital of $1,000,000, and $100,000 in the treasury. Although a separate and distinct organization from the Alta Montana Com pany, yet the officers are the same, with their offices in New York, at 35 Broad street, viz. : Wm. W. Wickes, President and Acting Man aging Director ; Michael Snow, Vice Presi dent ; Cole Saunders, Assistant Managing Director; Robert F. Brooke, Secretary and Treasurer. This property was purchased by Mr. Cole Saunders, and through Mr. Wickes was brought to the notice of the New York gentlemen. Mr. Saunders has secured other valuable properties, which will probably be developed through the same channel in the course of the coming season, thereby starting up work on the several mines and the erec tion of mills on the same. Through all these new enterprises we confidently look for a new and eventful dawn of prosperity upon Central Montana by the presence of those amoDg us who have the energy an 1 training as well as the capita] to carry them ~n successfully and to develope and bring to li • t the incalculable wealth long hidden from nr sight. The railway monarchs who are pointing their iron roads towards our Territory will find they have commenced none too soon to provide a more practicable and expeditions mode of transit into Montana for the latere influx o F population which will turn their faces thhher ward the coming season, and to me** ti e tide of prosperity which enrelv awwHs this al ove any other section of the Great West.