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Annual Review^ and Business Directory of the Town. A careful review of the business and commerce of Helena for the last twelve months shows prominently a prosperity which is very satisfactory. Since the last annual resume, given at length in the Holiday number of the Herald a year ago, there has been a natural, healthy and regular progress in the business and growth of our town, which should be a source of congratulation to the citizens who ha>e in vested their money in the present active, bustling com munity who are to build up and sustain the commer cial metropolis of Montana. In Helena there has been no stagnation, but on the contrary an entire exemp tion from the depression that has characterized the trade and business for several years of most of the cities and States of the Union. Consequently there have been no failures, no compromises with creditors, no extensions for want of prompt payment, and no loss of trade or impaired credit. The retrospect, there fore, in a business point of view, is gratifying, show ing as it does at the end of the year a fair margin of profits, and an active emulation in the character of im provements that a year has added to the growth of the town. The cost of residences and public buildings is over $200,000. Business in all branches has been prosper ous, especially with those engaged in general supplies, who have had an unusually busy season. Helena manufactures have been sent to all parts of the Terri tory, and the producers of lumber, building materials, doors, sash, matched flooring, shingles, lath and bot tled beer have never had such an active year. The wholesale trade in all branches has had more than the usual demand from country merchants or dering goods for towns and mining camps. The num ber of cattle butchered and hides and furs exported has been unusually large, and the business of pork packing is still lively. The amount of wool shipped lrom this market by resident owners, wool buyers and agents stationed in Helena, aggregate 750,000 pounds, realizing about 23 cents per pound before sacking, equal to about three-fourths of the clip of the Terri tory. EXPORTS. Pounds. Value Wool.................. .............750,000 $172,500 Hides................ .............300,000 37,500 Sheep pelts............ ............. 5,000 2,500 Peltries............... ............. 20,000 3,000 Beaver............... ............. 10,000 12,000 Other furs............. ............. 20,000 10,000 Total value...............................$238,000 Gold shipped by express................. $918,098 00 Süver r - n ................. 181,558 08 Gold by freight ................. 112,000 00 Silver " ................ 25,000 00 $1,236,656 08 GOLD AND SILVER. Gold and süver assayed at the U. S. Assay Office from its commencement October 23, 1876: Gold. 1876-T..................... $140,800 23 1878 ....................... 331,460 51 1879 ....................... 389,843 14 For 5 months from July 1, 1879 to Nov. 30, 1879 - ' 327,145 26 Süver. $ 62,163 11 385,277 90 339,469 33 11,580 98 Total..................$1,189,249 14 $78S.791 32 It is suggested to have the present assay office con verted into a branch mint to coin money without los ing its present character as an assayer and purchaser of gold and silver. To the miners and to the capital ists investing in Montana mines the present assay office at Helena is of incalculable advantage. INTERNAL REVENUE. U. S. internal revenue collected ior the year ending June 30,1879, amounts to $30,425 83. TOWN ITEMS. The purchase money for the Bonanza Chief gold mine and the Comet silver mine paid ont on the 5th ult. added to the lively money circulation among Helena business men and bankers. The receipts of gold retort from the Penobscot, Bel mont, Hickey and other gold leads near Helena have had a potent influence upon cash payments for all kinds of supplies, labor, etc. An encouraging sign is the accumula tion of capital which has been brought here from the East and from our own stockmen and miners, who have placed their surplus here for investment and to bnild permanent residences and to educate their children. The school census taken last month indicates an in crease in the population to a considerable number over five thousand, and the demand for the two new school houses constructed during the year closing in dicates the general desire for education as well as the willingness of the people to tax themselves for school facilities that Helena may continue the great educa tional center of Montana, % The Academy under the direction of the Sisters of Charity for the education of young ladies, and their day school for boys and girls, have drawn to the town a number of families for school advantages who have become permanent residents. The county school fund for the school year ending 1880 will amount to about $16,000, and for the Helena School District No. 1, including special tax for build ings, about $12,000. HELENA SCHOOL CENSUS, 1879. White, between 4 and 21..........................862 " under four..................................267 " males......................................569 " females.....................................560 Colored, between 4 and 21......................... 19 " under 4.. .................................. 10 " males................................. 13 u females....................................1$ The total enumeration reaches 1,158—a gain of up wards of 100 compared with the report of 1878. CABE OF THE POOR. It is the pride of our people that we provide better care, maintenance, medical attendance and sanitary comforts for the poor that "ye have always with you*' than falls to the lot of similar unfortunates elsewhere. The munificent self-imposed taxes which our people so cheerfully give to the support of the public poor is a voluntary charity which springs from their liberal impulses and entitles them to the supreme reward given to this ennobling virtue. The average of the poor and infirm from both town and county provided for in St. John's Hospital at the public expense is about twelve persons. It is a happy reflection that there is no Montanian in our midst who has ever asked for bread, and only a few cases of tramps who, having come amongst us by easy stages and free rides, have shadowed our vision with the sight of an occasional public beggar. A GLIMPSE AHEAD. While the past year has been one of prosperity, health, peace and general happiness in oar town, the prospect upon the advent of the new year is bright and cheerful indeed. We see two great rival railroads hastening to our doors to compete for the trade of our busy people and the products of our mines, herds and soil. One of these is pushed forward with all the en ergy and means at the command of that public-spirit ed and indomitable worker, Jay.Gould, sustained and urged to the goal by the princely fortunes of the mag nates of the Union Pacific. The other, as the "herald of a mighty world," comes to connect the Orient with the Occident, crowned with the most munificent gov eminent gift ever granted to a corporation. Both are backed by such undoubted guarantee^ and assistance M will surely very soon enliven our valleys with their sharp competition—a competition that will be aug mented and contested by the great carrier* on the Mis souri river, whose head of navigation is so near and convenient, and whose free commerce is subsidized forever by the will of the Almighty. These are the headlights of the new year whose rays already light up the avenues of the "Focal Point" of the Territory, J. J. N. T. M. of a whose railroad and water transportation must antago nize for cheap rates and the general good. LOCAL GOVERNMENT. As yet the town has no municipal organization, and is wisely governed as an adjunct of the county of Lewis~and Clarke." This is justified alone upon the grounds of economy and simple legislation. In the absence of city government, a Board of Trade is maintained by an annual membership of the business men, which has passed its second anniversary and for two years has been assiduous in advanceng the general interests of the town, and for the present answers the purposes of Mayor and Council so far as united action is concerned on local interests, commerce, immigra tion and intercourse through other Boards of Trade. But whether with or without a municipal name, Hele na, Queen of the Mountains, stands a monument to the enterprise, perseverance and indomitable courage of her first settlers. Situated amidst one of the large est mineral regions in the world, within twelve miles of the navigable waters of the upper Missouri, over looking the beautiful Prickly Pear valley, prosperous in agriculture and varied by a scenery picturesque and magnificent, it is surrounded by enough gold and sil ver in sight and working within a radius of twenty miles to make her a perpetual city of thousands. He lena contains a population greater than cities christ ened before the discovery of the Territory, and has churches and educational advantages equal to some of the renowned centers of learning in the old States. It has a people rich in this world's goods, and who, elevated and prospered by the spirit of their proverbial benevolence and enterprise, and blessed and strength ened with the great developing gold and silver mines around them, will ere long name a syndicate among themselves which can furnish the hard money required to turn the wheels of government from one centennial to another. Prom the past we are enabled to indulge in the brightest anticipations for the future of Helena, whose status is cheered by the permanence of an as sured city. Confidence rules the hour, while business prospers and residences and commercial blocks grow and beautify the town. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Below is prepared a careful business directory of Helena for the year 1879: GROCERS. MURPHY, NEEL & CO., Wholesale and Retail Gro ceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobaccos and Cigars. Pro prietors of Montana Freight Line, and Agents for the Schüttler and Cortland Spring Wagons and Bug gies. KLEINSCHMIDT BROS., Wholesale and Retail Gro ceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobaccos and Cigars. C. L. VAWTER, Wholesale and Retail Groceries, Liquors and Cigars, Carriages, Wagons and Agricul tural Implements. CHARLES LEHMAN, Wholesale and Retail Grocer ies, Flour, Grain, etc. FRED. LEHMAN, Wholesale and Retail Groceries, and General Dealer in Country Produce, Lime, etc. DAVIS & WALLACE, Groceries, Flour, Grain, Butter, Cheese, etc. JOHN R. WATSON, Groceries and Provisions, Stone ware, etc. MIKE REINIG, Groceries, Grain, Vegetables. Pro prietor of San Francisco Bakery. RICHARD LOCKEY, Groceries. Proprietor Mon tana Steam Cracker Bakery. JURGENS & PRICE, Groceries and Provisions, Man ufacturers of Cider Vinegar and dealers in Robes, Furs and Skins. J. D. TEITJEN, Groceries, Provisions, Produce, etc. G. F. WILLIG, Groceries, Provisions and Supplies. DRY GOODS. SANDS BROS., Wholesale and RetaU Dry Goods and Notions, Carpets, Mattings, Oil Cloths, etc. RALEIGH & CLARKES, Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods and Notions, Carpets, Cloaks, Furs, etc. J. R. BOYCE, JR., Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods and Notions. CLOTHING. GANS & KLEIN, Wholesale and Retail Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods, Hydraulic Hose, Duck, Indian Goods, etc. GREENHOOD, BOHM & Co., Wholesale and Retail Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods, California Blankets and Indian Goods. JACOB FELDBERG, Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods. LOEB & BRO., Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods. BOOTS AND SHOES. NICK MILLEN. Wholesale and Retail Boots and Shoes and Leather Findings. FRED. GAMER, Wholesale and Retail Boots and Shoes, Leather Findings, etc. H. A. SCHULTZ, Wholesale and Retail Boots and Shoes. S. IIINCHCL1FFE, Custom made Boots and Shoes. ROBT. CARR, Custom made Boots and Shoes. CHARLES ALBRECHT, Sale and Custom made Boots and Shoes. M. LEFEBVRE, Custom Work and Repairing. J. BESSETT, Custom Work and Repairing. J. W. HARE, Custom Work and Repairing. DRUG STORES. H. M. PÄRCHEN & CO., Druggists and Stationers, and dealers in Blank Books, Wall and Building Pa pers, Lamps, Chandeliers, Garden Seeds, Paints, Oils, Glass, etc. WEIR & POPE, Drugs, Medicines, Glass, Lamps, Chandeliers, Garden Seeds, etc. R. 8. HALE & CO., Drugs, Medicines, Glass, Lamps, Chandeliers, etc. HARDWARE. KINNA & JACK, Wholesale and Retail Hardware, Stoves and Tinware, Queensware, Glassware, Hy draulic Pipe, etc. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, Wholesale and Re tail Hardware, Stoves and Tinware, Queensware, Glassware, Iron and Hydraulic Pipe. A. M. HOLTER & BRO., Mechanics' and Miners' Tools, Belting, etc. HARNESS AND SADDLERY. A. J. DAVIDSON, Wholesale and Retail Harness, Saddlery, Leather Findings, Whips, Horse Equip ments, and dealer in Fnrs, Wool and Hides. CHARLES MARKHAM, Wholesale and RetaU Har ness, Saddlery, Whips, Findings, etc. JEWELRY. W. G. BAILEY, Wholesale and Bétail Jeweler; Watches, Clocks and Table Cutlery. FRANK BARTOS, Jewelry, Clocks, Watches, Table Cutlery, Spectacles, etc. GEORGE P. REEVES, Jewelry, Watches Clocks, etc. J. STEINMETZ, Jeweler and Diamond Setter. IG. OPPE, Manufacturing Jeweler and Diamond Set ter. * FURNITURE. J. R. 8AN FORD, Upholsterer and dealer in Furniture, Beds, Pillows, Mattresses, etc. CURTIS <fc BOOKER, Auction Merchants and dealers in Furniture. HERMANN BROS., Upholsterers and Manufacturers of Furniture. WHOLESALE LIQUORS. W. G. PREUITT & CO., Wholesale Wines, Liquors and Cigars. KLEINSCHMIDT BROS., Wholesale Wines, Liquors and Cigars. JAKE SWITZER, Wholesale Wines, Liquors and Cigars, MISCELLANEOUS. MORRIS BROS., Glassware, Queensware, Silver and Plated Ware, Fruits, Cigars, Tobaccos, Notions, etc. ROSENCBAN8 & KLAUB, Books and Stationery, Picture Frames, Chromos, Monldings, Cigars, To baccos, Confectionery, Notions, etc. SANFORD & EVANS, Flour, Feed, etc. Proprietors Prickly Pear Flouring Mills. N. H. WEBSTER, Cigars, Tobaccos, Fruits, Notions, etc. T. C. POWER A CO., Agricultural Implements, Farm, Freight and Spring Wagons, Sleighs, Sacks, Tents, etc. AUERBACH, WELLS & CO., Notions and Fancy Goods, and Wholesale Tobaccos, Cigars, Wines and Liquors. M. SILVERMAN, Ammunition, Cigars, Tobaccos, etc. I A. BIRKENFELD, Rifles, Shot Guns, Revolvers, Am munition, Confectionery, Toys, etc. EMIL LOE WEN BERG, Breech-loading Guns, Revol vers, Ammunition, Tobaccos, Cigars, etc. CHARLES REINIG, Manufacturing Confectioner, Candies, wholesale and retail, and all kinds of Cakes, Pies, etc. JOHN T. WARD, Books and Stationery, Chromos, Picture Frames and Mouldings, Toys, Notions, etc. TERENCE O'DONNELL, Cathode Book Store, Sta tionery, etc. WEBSTER & CO., Cigars and Tobacco. WALTER WELLS, Books, Stationery, Cigars, Tobac co, etc. CHILD & JONES, Toys and Fancy Goods. G. H. OLDHAM & SON, Gunsmiths. I. H. MORISON Job Printer. CHARLES BLACKBURN, Ice Dealer. SHENKENBERG & CO., Coffee House. D. P. LAKE, Stencil Cutting and Business Stamps. J. O'NEIL, Manufacturer and Dealer in Lime, JAMES ARMOR, Tannery. CHARLES W. CANNON, Agent for California Pow der Works, and dealer in Patent Fuse. BANKS. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA. S T Hauser, President; E W Knight, Cashier: T H Kleinschmidt, Assistant Cashier. United States Government De S ository, does a General Banking Business, and han les Silver Ores. Paid up capital, $100,000: surplus and profits $100,000.1 Board ot Directors, S T Hauser, A M Holter. John H Ming, John C Curtin, R S Ham ilton, C P Higgins, A J Davis, Granvüle Stewart, T. H Kleinschmidt. L. H. HERSHFIELD & BRO, General Banking Busi ness transacted in all its branches ; buy Territorial and County Securities, Gold Dust, Gold and Silver Bullion, etc. PLANING MILLS. A. M. HOLTER & BRO., Builders. Dressed Lumber, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings, Etc. SHAFFER & YERGY, Builders. Dressed Lumber Sash, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings, etc. LUMBER. A. M. HOLTER & BRO., Lumber, Lath and Shingles. SANFORD & EVANS, Lumber, Lath and Shingles. WINTER, NEILL & Co., Plain and Dressed Lumber. MILLINERY—DRESSMAKING. MISS MARY O'CONNELL, Millinery, Ladies' Hats, Plumes, Trimmings, etc. MRS. L. B. WELLS, Millinery, Ladies' Hats, Plumes, Trimmings, etc. MRS. S. E. GLENDENNIN, Millinery and Dressmak ing. MRS. K. S. HARVEY, Millinery and Dressmaking MRS. S. B. HERRICK, Dressmaking. MRS. G. CLARKE, Dressmaking. MRS. E. JOHNSON, Dressmaking. FURS AND GLOVES. D. B. HOWE, Montana Glove and Fur Manufactory. C. L. COV1TZ, Manufacturer of Furs. CARL SCHUCH, Manufacturer of Gloves and Furs, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. D. W. CURTIS, Pianos, Organs and Melodeons. AUERBACH, WELLS & CO., Pianos, Violins, Gui tars, Music, etc. CHILD & JONES, Pianos and Music. FOUNDERS. DAVIS & TATEM, Foundry; manufacture Cast ings from the smallest size up to complete Quartz Mills expeditiously. JOHN STEDMAN, Brass Castings, Seals, Brands, etc, PHOTOGRAPHERS. O. C. BUNDY. Proprietor Train's Gallery, MRS. M. A. ECKERT. ASSAYERS. Charles Rumley, John Stedman. REAL ESTATE AGENTS. E M. HOYT, I. B. Porter. INSURANCE. S. C. Ashby, D. IL Cuthbert, I. B. Porter HOTELS. COSMOPOLITAN AND ST. LOUIS, Schwab & Zim merman. INTERNATIONAL, Charles RInda. MAGNOLIA, Chris Kenck. OVERLAND, Wm. McLean. DANA HOUSE, D. W. Beach. PAYNE'S HOTEL, C. L. Payne. FARMER'S HOME, Henry MUler. MOUNT HELENA HOUSE, August Volkey. BROADWAY HOTEL, S. F. Major. IOWA HOUSE. L. O. Rule. OCEAN OYSTER HOUSE, Humphrey & Storer. BOARDING HOUSES. Mrs J. Noms, Mrs. C. Rumley, Mrs. C. D. Storer. MEAT MARKETS. I Wm H Guthrie, Norris, Mills & Co., Staddier & Co , James Blake, Charles Freyler, Charles Hagerman, Vahlert & Selin, John Wenger, Charles Roth. BLACKSMITH AND CARRIAGE SHOPS. PAYNTER, BROWN & WEISEN HORN, Manufac tures of Carriages Wagons, Sleighs and General Blacksmithing and Wagon Repairing Establish ment. CHARLES. M JEFFERIS, Proprietor of California Blacksmith and Wagon Shop, Manufacturer of Car riages, Sulkies, Wagons, Sleighs, and does general repairing. A. PATENAUDE, Montana Blacksmith and Wagon Repairing Shop, and proprietor Patent Horse Shoe for Lame Horses. Z\ HOYT, General Blacksmithing and Horse Shoeing. A. W. ANDERSON, General Blacksmithing and Wag on Repairing. EKLUND & BISSONNETTE, General Blacksmithing and Horse Shoeing. VICTOR BUTLER, General Blacksmithing and Horse Shoeing. HORSE SHOERS. H Miller, Mark Pükinton, Al Goodrich, [A Patenaude, W Anderson. STAGE COMPANIES AND U. S. MAILS. GILMER, SALISBURY & CO, Helena and Virginia and Terminus Utah Northern Railroad, Helena and Deer Lodge and Missoula, Helena and Bntte Lines. Office Upper Main Street. G W Bimey, Agent. H. F. GALEN, Helena and Bozeman Line. Office at T. G. Power & Co. 's ; J M Sweeney Agent WM. ROWE, Helena and Benton Line. Office at T C Power & Co. 's ; J M Sweeney Agent MARKS & PATTERSON, Helena, Diamond, Camp Baker and White Sulphur Springs Line. Office at Davis & Wallace's. NEGUS & CO., Helena, Silver City and Vestel Line. Office at Jake Switzer's. JAMES McGARVEY, Helena and Unionville and Park City Line. EXPRESS COMPANIES. PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY, Office Upper Main Street at Gilmer, Salisbury & Co. 's. J. J. ROHRBAUGH, Helena, Jefferson and Wickes Express. Office at Fred Lehman's. BERT NASH, Jefferson Express. Office at Charles Lehman's. HELENA AND BOZEMAN EXPRESS, H. F. Galen. Office at T C Power and Co.'s; J M Sweeney Agent. HELENA AND BUTTE EXPRESS, GUmer, Salisbury & Co. HELENA, DEER LODGE AND MISSOULA EX PRESS, Pacific Express Company. HELENA AND BENTON EXPRESS COMPANY. Wm. Rowe & Co., Office at T C Power & Co's. HELENA. DIAMOND, FT LOGAN AND WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS EXPRESS, Marks & Patter son. Office at Davis & Wallace's. STABLES. NORTH PACIFIC, Piatt & Young. PEOPLE'S, J H McFarland. LIVERY AND SALE, John Zeigler. GRAND CENTRAL, A T Allen. FARMER'S CORRAL, SmUey Brothers. HA Y MARKET CORRAL, Joseph Horsky. COURT SQUARE CORRAL, W H Allen. DEER LODGE CORRAL, J Brown. MONTANA CORRAL, James Porter. CORRAL AND FEED STABLE, C L Payne. DRAYMEN. Daniel Jewitt, Peter Spurzen, Peter Fryatt, Thomas Charles, Geo W BelL MERCHANT TAILORS. Simon Levine, Robt G Emerson, J F W Schwabe. J F B THEATERS AND AMUSEMENTS. SAWTELLE THEATRE, J A1 Sawtelle Proprietor and Manager. MAIN STREET OPERA HOUSE, William White. BECKNEY'S VARIETIES. LAWYERS. Wilbur F Sanders. W F Chadwick, Cornelius Hedges, E W Toole. William Chumasero, Harry R Comly, W E Cullen I B Porter, J A Johnston, Massen a Bullard, Wm H De Witt, J K Toole, John H Shober, T J Lowry, J J Williams. PHYSICIANS. Thomas Reece, P F Madden, B C Crooke. W R Bul Lard, W L Steel, 8 8 Mcllhenny, Wm H Hawkes, F S Figuli, W C Morris, G Schlesinger, J J Leiser, C S Ingersoll, Homeopathic; WiUiam Jones, Electri cian. DENTISTS. L W Frary, J M Blake, C S Kelly. CARPENTERS. H Sonnefield, Robert Harvey, A B Taylor, J Gilbert, W Y Symonton, Joseph Black, Hugh Daly, Reuben Rowe, E T Carry, J E Cole, Isaac Sanderson, Wm Senieur, Abram Garwood, Jacob Andrews, fl Gebauer & Bro, Jo Fli ck, J C Major, J H Spitzley. MASONS AND PLASTERERS. P J Perrine, John Griffith, E B Bean, James Mason, Michael McNamara, Uri Tracy, George W Reed, G W White, James Murphy, S Myers, Wm Kerrode, — Moran, — Cupp, — Miller. PAINTERS. Benj Daley, F L King, Wm Lorey, A C Votaw, H La ville, Henry Woodward, George Gesrang, F M Wood, Frank Wiltou, W Walker, Hugh D Comstock. BREWERIES. TEN MILE, Kessler & Miller. HELENA, Horsky & Kenck. PENOBSCOT, B. BinzeL UNION, August FoUer. SAINT LOUIS, Adam Gerhaueer. CLUB ROOMS. Wm Sims, DAG Flowerree. UNDERTAKERS. Hermann Brothers, A B Taylor. BARBERS. E. FRANK, Hot, Cold and Medicated Baths. SULLIVAN & BURNER, Hot and Cold Baths. THEODORE WELCOM. SOLOMON WORICK. THOMAS WHITE. RETAIL WINES AND LIQUORS. ISAAC MARKS, Our Sample Rooms. GEORGE TICNOR, Kiyus Saloon. BURNS & TILTON, Capital Saloon. ANDREW O'CONNELL, Phoenix Saloon. D. A. G. FLOWERREE, Exchange Saloon. J, K. TIETJEN, Centennial Saloon. WILLIAM DINGEE, Pony Saloon. KESSLER & MILLER, Brewery Saloon. BEAUPRE & PELLETIER, Last Chance Saloon. HORSKY & KENCK, Helena Brewery Saloon. W. G. PREUITT & CO. ADAM GERHAUSER, Saint Louis Brewery Saloon. J. P. FARRY, Snug Saloon. R. T. SWINNEY, Minneapolis Headquarters, CHARLES REAHM, Helena Beer Saloon. M. LUKE, Belmont Saloon. MAX SKLOWER, Globe Billiard Hall. AUGUST FOLLER, Central Brewery Saloon. LUCE & MARCUM, Headquarters Billiard Hall. LEWIS COOPER. Break o' Day Saloon. BAKERIES. Mike Reinig, Owen Doyle, Richard Lockey, Montana Cracker Company. HELENA BOARD OF TRADE FOR 1879 AND 1880. A J Davidson. President ; W S Paynter, Vice President ; A M Holter, J M Sweeney, Jerome Norris, T C Power, Charles Lehman, J T Murphy. R C Wallace, E M Hoyt, Nick Millen, Jas M Ryan, J B Sanford, A Sands, Henry Klein. H M Pärchen, Moses Morris, Ike Greenhood, C W Cannon, J R Watson, James Weir, A Kleinschmidt, Mike Reinig, Directors; Robert C Walker, Secretary ; T H Kleinschmidt, Treasurer. NEWSPAPERS. DAILY AND WEEKLY HERALD, Herald Building Broadway; Book Bindery and Steam Book and Job Printing. Fisk Brothers, Proprietors. DAILY AND WEEKLY INDEPENDENT, Main st; Book and Job Printing. Woolfolk, McQuaid & La Croix, Proprietors, TELEGRAPH LINES. WESTERN UNION. Constructed from Ogden to He lena. W E Frederick, Operator. CHURCHES. Methodist Episcopal ; Presbyterian, Rev Geo. Smith, Pastor ; Protestant Episcopal, Rev M N Gilbert Rec tor; Catholic Church of the Sacred Hearts, Rev L B Pallidino, S J, Pastor, Rev L Venneman and Rev Joseph Guidi, Assistant Pastors ; Christian Congre gation, Elder G A Hoffman, Pastor ; Methodist Epis copal South. HOSPITAL. ST JOHN'S HOSPITAL, for the care of public, private and charity patients, under the direction of the Sis ters of Charity. HELENA LIBRARY. President, D S Wade; Vice President, R EFisk; Treasurer, T H Kleinschmidt ; Secretary, Massena Bullard; Trustees, W S Paynter, Alex C Botkin, W E Cullen, Mrs Charles Rumley, C L Vawter; Li brarian, Miss Lou Guthrie. WATER COMPANIES. HELENA WATER COMPANY. President, Albert G Clarke ; Vice President, R S. Hale. WEST SIDE WATER COMPANY. Officers, Swan & Benson. SOCIETIES. GESANG VEREIN HARMONIA. T n Kleinschmidt, President; Charles Albrecht, Vice President; Jacob Loeb, Treasurer; H Cj Yeager, Secretary; Charles Reinig, Assistant Secretary ; John Woolbeater, Li brarian. HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF MONTANA. President, Wilbur F Sanders ; Vice President, Granville 8tuart ; Corresponding Secretary, Wm E Cullen ; Recording Secretary. Cornelius Hedges; Treasurer S T Hauser; Librarian, Charles Rumley. CATHOLIC BENEVOLENT AND TOTAL AB8TI-. NENCE SOCIETY. President, Terence O'Donnell; Vice President, Patrick Qninn ; Secretary, Thomas O'Leary ; Treasurer, John Fagan ; Marshal, M Moran ; 8ergeaut-at-Arms, James Hawks. Helena Commandery Knights Templar. Helena Council R and 8 M No 9. Helena Royal Arch Chapter No 2. Helena Lodge No 3, A F and A M. Morning Star Lodge No 5, A F and A M. King Soloman Lodge No 9, A F and A M. Montana Lodge No 1.1 O O F. Excelsior Lodge No 2,1 O O F. Star of the We-t, Lodge No 1, Daughters of Rebekah. Rocky Mountain Encampment No 1. IOGT. DGWCT, Massena Bullard ; W C T, Rich ard Lockey; W V T, Miss Jennie Witmer; WSR, R W Gillette ; W F S, W R Shulz ; W T, Mrs G Kin zle ; W Chap, G A Hoffman ; W M, Mr. Herberling ; WAS, Miss Jessie Rich ; WDM, Miss Nettie Kir kendall; W R H S, Mrs OC Bandy; WIG, Miss Sallie E Lockey ; W O G, O C Bandy. MONDAY NIGHT CLUB, Literary and Musical. E W Knight, President ; Miss Ellen Clark, Vice Presi dent ; Russell B Harrison, Secretary and Treasurer. PIONEER DANCING CLUB. Major John E Blaine, President; S D Cronnse, Vice President; E W Knight, Treasurer; Charles Duer, Secretary. Executive Board : 8 H Crounse, Wm E Cullen, T H Kleinschmidt, C L Vawter, John R Watson. HOME DANCING CLUB. Wm H Dewitt, President; E Blaine Walker, Vice President; I Sahlinger, Secretary. ROCKY MOUNTAIN CLUB. J H Moe, President ; Matt Carroll, Vice President ; M A Meyendorff, Secretary ; R H Mason, Treasurer. HELENA SOCIAL CLUB. F J Pfister, President; W C Riddle, Secretary. FIRE DEPARTMENT. Chief Engineer, T Sweeney: Assistant Engineer, James L Davis; Treasurer, T H Kleinschmidt; Sec retary, A J Davidson ; Engineer and Watchman, S E Richardson ; Fire Warden, E Frank. HELENA RIFLE CLUB. B H Tatem, President ; W B Hundley, Vice President ; Granville Stuart, Secretary and Treasurer. ROD AND GUN CLUB. Granville Stuart, President; B U Tat un, Secretary and Treasurer FAIR ASSOCIATION. MONTANA AGRICULTURAL, MINERAL AND MECHANICAL ASSOCIATION. President, BF Potts ; Treasurer, Aaron Hershfield ; Secretary, C G Reynolds; Directors, B F Potts, E M Hoyt, A Hersb field, Charles D Hard, John B Sanford. W B Hund ley, Cornelius Hedges, S C Gilpatrick, W L Milligan. PAPER HANGERS. A C Votaw, J D Whipple, William Lorey, F M Wood. MISSOURI RIVER STEAMBOAT LINES. Benton P Line T. C Power, Manager; J M Sweeney, Agent. I G Baker & Co's Line, S C Ashby, Agent. Coulson Line, S. H Crounse, Agent. Montana Steam Navigation Company, above the Falls. J T Murphy, President; Albert Kleinschmidt, Vice Pres ident; E W Knight, Treasurer; Cornelius Hedges, Secretary. Trustees—A M Holter, James M Ryan, H M Pärchen, Christian Kenck, Abram Sands, Hen ry Klein, T C Power. MILITARY HEADQUARTERS DIS TRICT OF MONTANA, HELENA. General Thomas H Roger. District Commander; Cap tain Carroll H Potter, Acting Assistant Adjutant General ; Major Augustus G Robinson, Chief Quar termaster; Major John E Blaine, Chief Paymaster; Major William Arthur, Paymaster; Major John F Weston, Chief Commissary. SIGNAL CORPS AND U. S. MILITARY TELEGRAPH OPERATORS. George S Grimes, First Lieutenant Second Artillery, Acting Signal Officer of Northwestern Division, Bismarck. N C Smith, Helena ; Frank C Buel, Fort Missoula, E E Ellery, Deer Lodge ; A H Bell, Ben ton ; J E Wilson, Fort Assinaiboine ; Gwynn Tomp kins, Fort Shaw ; W P Larcey, Fort Ellis ; D C Rals ton, Fort Custer; Sherwood Wheaton, Fort Keogh; John O Dowd, Deadwood. COUNTY OFFICERS. Sheriff, CharlesM Jefferis; Treasurer, W K Roberts; Assessor, Thos L Gorham ; Clerk ana Recorder, O B Totten; Probate Judge, Cornelius Hedges; Coroner W L Steel; Commissioners, E M lloyt W LMilligau, HH Clarke; Constables, JH McFarland, Robert Harwood; Street Commissioner, L F Evans. • SCHOOLS, PRINCIPAL, R H Howay. TEACHERS—Room No 1, Miss E J Hutchins ; No 2, Miss Nellie P Clarke; No 3. Mrs D M Darnold ; No 4, Mrs L C B illou ; No 5, Miss Alice C Wheeler ; No 6, Mrs Nannie B Bayliss; No 7, Mrs Annie L War field. West side school. Miss Rachel D Carlock. Colored School, Miss L Kleinschmidt, County Superintendent Common Schools, George P Reeves; irustees Helena School District No 1, E W Knight, Thos P Fuller. Cornelius Hedges ; Clerk, D H Cuthbert. ST VINCENT'S ACADEMY, a Boarding and Day School for young Ladies, under the direction of the Sisters of Charity; Mother Xavier, Principal. SELECT DAY SCHOOL for boys and young men, un der the managemnnt of Rev. L B PaUadino. ^DIRECTORY Of Federal and '.Territorial Officers of Montana. PKLBGATH IN CONGRESS. Hon. MARTIN MAGINN1S, Helena. Office. Name. Residence. Governor..........BBNJ. F. POTT8,..........Helena. Secretary.,........ JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge. Chief Justice.. ..D. 8. WADE............. .Helena. Asociale Tnsticea HENRY N - BLAKE, Virginia City Associate Justice* j GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge. 17. S. District Att'y, JOHN W. ANDREWS,Jr .Helena U. S. Marshal......ALEX. C. BOTKIN....... " Surveyor Gen eraL.R. H. MASON............Helena. Register Land Office, JAS. H. MOE........... " Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... " Collector Internal Revenue. T. P. FULLER... " Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS........ " DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERKS. First District, R. P. VIVION................Bozeman Second District, ALEX. H. MAYHEW... .Deer Lodge. Third District, J. A. JOHNSTON.............Helena. Clerk 1st Diet. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City. Clerk 2d diet, co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge Clerk 3d Diet. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE....Helena. BOZBMAN LAND DISTRICT. Register, DAVIS WILLSON................Bozeman. Receiver, J. V. BOGERT...................Bozeman. UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE. Assayer, RUSSEL B. HARRISON.............Helena Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF...............Helena. UNITED STATES COMMISSIONERS. GEORGE CLENDENIN, Jr., Carroll. JAMES M. ARNOUX, Benton. ISAAC R. ALDEN, Helena. JOSEPH J. WILLIAMS, Helena. THEOPHILUS MUFFLY, Virginia City. WM. P. BURCHER, Son River. GEORGE F. CoWAN, Raderebarg. JOHN POTTER, Hamilton. GEORGE W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge. ORVILLE B. O'BANNON, Deer Lodge. FRANK H. WOODY, Missoula. MASSENA BULLARD, Butte. A. D. McPHERSON, Bozeman. territorial officers. Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN.............Helena. Treasurer. D. H. WESTON....................Helena. Warden of Penitentiury. W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge Sup't Public Schbols, W. EGBERT SMITH... .Butte. Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES.......Helena. Olerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN......Helena. UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON. W. R. BULLARD........................Helena OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Times of Holding; the Courts of the Ter ritory for the Year A. D. 1879. SUPREME COURT. In Helena, first Monday in January and second Monday in August. FIRST DISTRICT— Henry N. Blake, Judge. In Madison county, at Virginia City, third Mon day in February; second Monday in October; first Monday in July for trial of cases without a jury. In Gallatin county, at Bozeman, first Monday in May; second Monday in November. In Jefferson county, at Radersburg, first Monday in April; first Monday in September. In Custer county, at Miles City, fourth Monday in May ; third Monday in September. SECOND DISTRICT— W. J. Galbraith, Judge. In Deer Lodge county, at Deer Lodge City, second Monday in April. First Monday in September (for all causes that can be tried without a jury, except in cases where the par ties consent that a special venire may issne to try the same.) First Monday in December. In Missoula county, at Missoula, fourth Monday in Jane; second Monday in November. In Beaverhead county, at Bannack, first Monday in Jane; second Monday in October. THIRD DISTRICT- D. S. Wade, Judge. In Lewis and Clarke county, at Helena, first Mon day in March ; first Monday in November. In Meagher county, at Diamond City, third Mon day in April ; third Monday in October. In Chotean county, at Fort Benton, first Monday in May ; third Monday in September. [Note.— United States Courts are held at Virginia City, Deer Lodge and Helena at the times the Territo rial District Courts are held at those places.] mm mi - The assessed value of cattle in Lewis and Clarke county tor 1879 exceeds that of the preceding year by nearly $50,000. Within the past year town lot property of Helena has appreciated in value $100,000. The real increase of assessible values in Lewis and Clarke county for the year 1879 are found, upon ex amination, to exceed $250,000. An intelligent stock grower estimates the number of cattle owned in Helena at 62,000 head. These cattle range in northern Lewis and Clarke, Choteau, Meagh er and Custer counties. There never was a more favorable time than the present for emigrants of the right kind, either singly, or still better by colonies, to cast in their lot with us and share the rich harvest which, under a kind Provi dence, is fast ripening for those who will make them selves ready to gather it in.