Newspaper Page Text
FISK BEOS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. TH(JltSDA¥,JAIVIlAKY 15, 1880. OUB HAKVEMT8 IX EKGLAX». The abundaDt harvests of our Western prairies brought blessings to others than tfce producers, to millions beyond the seas. John Bright in a recent speech declared that not withstanding the disastrous failure of crops in England, there never bad been a season in which the industrial classes of of the country had cheaper food than the present. The loss of crops is of course a great loss to the coun try, and especially to the class of tenant far mers who have rents to pay and nothing to pay them with, whose entire crop is hardly enough to feed their own families till another harvest. But the greater portion of England's population is engaged in other occupations and thanks to our abundant harvests and cheap freights they can buy bread cheaper than ever before. Instead of paying famine prices, the greater portion of the English peo ple are experiencing nothing that would re miud them that their own harvests have been deficient. What is true in England is in a measure true of all the continent, and would be true in a still greater measure if the civil laws of England were in force in other coun tries. Famine prices nowhere prevail on the continent because of the abundance of cheap food in America. While our surplus pro ducts bring us a golden harvest so timely to assist our reviving industries and to replenish our over drained treasuries with the precious metals, they carry substantial relief to every poor man and every humble cottage on the continent of Europe. BUIBERT. The resumption of telegraphic communi cation reveals a condition of things in Maine in no respect improved, and in many particu lars still more complicated and gloomy. The Fusionists are endeavoring to divert attention from their own greater and more general crime by alleging attempts to bribe certain holders of criminal certificates to surrender them. Of the merits of these cases it is of course impossible to judge. It may be true, though we are not yet prepared to credit it, that there are individual Republicans whose zeal has outrun their discretion. Many have talked of using force, and some, perhaps, have thought it justifiable to use money to hire men to do what they believed ought to be done without hiring. If such attempts have been made, for the proof of which we need something more than the affidavits of criminals, we hope the guilty ones will be discovered and punished. A good cause must not be allowed to be hurt by attaching the criminal indiscretion of an individual upon a whole party and making that party responsi ble for acts that will throw discredit upon the best of causes. The Republicans of Maine have too good a cause to allow it to be smirched by resort ing to means on a par with the iniquity of their adversaries. We hope the most search ing inquiry may be made into every alleged attempt at bribery, as well as all the acts of the infamous Garcelon and his co-conspira tors. It is not only painful, but it is disgrace ful beyond expression, to see any State gov ernment so completely disorganized as that of Maine. Popular government has never received so damaging a blow in our whole history as that inflicted by the miserable band of political tricksters in a State that has hith erto borne an exalted character for orderly government. Resistance to wrong must be made and to the utmost, but always by peace ful and honorable means, even though it takes time aud the pain of suspense is prolonged. The swift execution of justice is not always best, sometimes even defeats its own aims. i Montana didn't have all the big holiday papers. The Salt Lake Tribune issued a magnificent twelve page number, covering an edition of 8,000 copies. The Record Union of Sacramento followed suit with a royal six teen page sheet, printing 20,000 copies. The Bulletin of San Erancisco did likewise, issu ing an exceedingly interesting number. Along the "Banana Belt," or any other belt for that matter, the 8t. Paul Pioneer Pres* distanced all competitors, striking offa mam moth edition of40,000 copies-nearjy dquble the number of the Herald'b editioH of the same day. Each complete paper consist of twenty four pages—worked on a new perfecting press at the rate of 15,000 an hour. Eight pages are devoted to an interesting history of the Pio neer Press— descriptive of its enlarged build ing, new machinery, typographical equip ment, etc., etc. The faper now sizes up ar d in all respect« is equal to the great Chicago and 8t. Louis print«. To the desperate conspirators in Maine, who have exhausted every trick and artifice to steal a State, it is the smallest conceivable crime to rob a man of his good name. The miserable attempt to smirch the proud and honored Blaine will as miserably fail as the bolder villainy tried upon the commonwealth. Before the Senator's vigorous denunciation and exposure the robber gang will cower, nor darç to repeat their malicious and wicked offense. ' _ The 8an Francisco Irish Relief Committee have telegraphed 12,000 to their. Buffeting countrymen In Ireland. es its of of I in in ing and FOLIIICAL PRÉAtHlSU. As a general rule we should say that the highest duty of a clergyman would not lead him to consider ordinary political questions in the pulpit. Religion ought to be a minis try of peace, to draw hearts together to tbeir greater common interests and away from those things that, provoke discord. But after all we do not see how thinking, rational men can say that morality and religion have noth ing to do with politics. The more is the pity if such be the case. We are accustomed to hear the argument urged against women vot ing that politics is a dirty pool, and none should go near it who fear to get soiled. But this has always seemed to us a monstrous doctrine. If politics is dirty business it ought to be cleansed, and that as soon as pos sible, for it involves the general welfare al together too much to be allowed to remain uuelean, or be turned over exclusively to be manipulated by dirty hands. It is getting much too common for a healthy state either of religion or morals to hold that preachers should confine themselves to sin in the abstract and let alone the practical appli cation to particular sins, especially those of which their congregations are guilty. Such sort of emasculated Christianity is of little account in the world and will do very little to i nprove society. The Great Author of Chris tianity did not leave such an example for imitation, but very bluntly told the Pharisees that they were hypocrites and perverters of law. In our revolutionary days the pulpits were not silent on the merits of the struggle, but on the contrary, were among the leaders, both preaching and fighting for liberty. From that time to the present there has not been wanting a succession of ministers who have boldly proclaimed the line of duty in every crisis of the country, and not a little do we owe to such champions of political duty. Crimes do not lose their guilty character for be ing perpetrated by politicians, or in the interest of political parties, and ought not to be al lowed to escape their proper titles or to ex position and denunciation. Of course, it is even more incumbent upon ministers than others to be charitable and temperate in their judgments, but vice aud iniquity, wherever they lift their heads, whether in politics or elsewhere, ought to re ceive a shot from every vigilant sentinel of public morality. Gun latest advices from Maine give a more hopeful aspect to affairs. The Republican members in a body proceeded to the State House, took peaceable possession of the halls, and having a quorum, organized both branch es of the Legislature, and and abide by the decision of the Supreme Court as to its legality. Iu the meantime and until the court shall have pronounced its opinion, Gen eral Chamberlain, who is Commander-in-chief and Acting Governor, will give the fusion conspirators no countenance or support. The chances are that the crisis has passed, aud that the Republicans will soon be in undis puted possession of their own, and tbatGen'l Davis will be elected, qualified and inducted into the Gubernatorial office. Major W. E. Sweet, chief of the Inter nal Revenue division in the office of the First Comptroller of the Treasury Department, has been dismissed for extravagant expendi tures made while traveling on government account. Hayes, of Illinois, ha9 introduced in the House a bill granting a pension to each sur vivor of the Mexican war who was not en gaged in the late rebellion or who did not abet the same. Secretary Schurz had a conference yes terday with Chief Ouray. Spain. Madrid, Januar}' 13.—Some of the mem bers of the Ministry in the Chamber of Dep uties consider the explanation of Premier Canova9 del Castillo in the Senate, that he did not intend to insult the mioority, as satis factory, but other members still regard the explanation a9 insufficient to justify members of the minority in resuming their seats in the Chamber. The Minister of Foreign Affairs has in formed Congress that negotiations for a treaty of commerce with the United States are pro ceeding wit a fair rapidity. OITBAGKD. Mrs. Meeker Tells the Terrible Story. Greely, (Col..) Dec. 30,1879. To the Editor of the Chieftain. —Dear Sir : I arise from a sick bed to state a few facts which you and the people of , Colorado de mand. We three captives of the Utes (Mrs. Price, myself and daughter.) were all inter viewed separately, being put uuder oath by the officers of the Government to tell the whole truth of our treatment by the Indians, and if they outraged our persons, and each one of us gave in our testimony in answer in the affrm&tive against the Indians. I gave in my testimony for the use of the Govern ment, to do with it just as they should see fit. There was nothing said about its being sup pressed on either side. I just simply gave my testimony to the Government officers, inno cently snpposing they knew their duty and would do it I also thought I had done all that belongs to me to do by telling these of ficers the sickening and most humilating mis fortunes that can befall a woman, and if they and the Interior Department have not done their duty by the people of Colorado, it is they who are to blame and not I. On arriv ing at my borné In Greeley I found myself completely broken down in mind and body, and I bave bad a long spell of severe sick ness from which I am ju9t recovering. . Tours Truly, MRS. N. C. MEEKER. at in ed. up A is and at is us OPIUM DE>S IN HELENA. Investigsllons Made in Quarters. the Chinese Facts Learned and Disclosed by a Herald Keporter. For some time past rumors have been cir culating that opium dens existed in China town which were frequented by white men These rumors were believed by some, but disbelieved by the greater part of our people. To settle the matter, if possible, a Herald reporter was detailed to investigate the mat ter. He soon found that houses did exist where the deadly drug was regularly sold to, and indulged in by white men and womeu. The parties first approached who knew of the fact seemed to hesitate about imparting the desired information, and that we might give a statement for which we are able to vouch, our reporter started out to learn for /himself. It is midnight when we arrive on Main street. The contrast between this hour and midday is striking. The street is checkered with alternate spaces of darkness and of light, the closed business house contributing to one, the brilliantly lighted saloon to the other. Men appear for a moment and then are lost in the gloom beyond. We meet a party out on a "racket" who fairly make the place echo with their loud shouts and laugh ter. The dance houses are in fnll blast. Lively music and boisterous merriment ring out upon the silence of the night. The air bites sharply as we pass along toward China town. Here the aspect of the street in some respects is similar to the one we have just left. Many of the houses are dark and silent, while a few are as brilliant as lamps cau make them. We saunter into one which has been indicated as an opium den. The room is spacious for Chinatown and many are gamb ling. There are two tables about which are eager crowds of Chinamen and women. They gabble, they chatter, and when the excite ment reaches its height at a crisis of the game the confusion is that of bedlam. Be hind the table sits a middle-aged, serious lookiug man, with small hands and taper fingers, which are ornamented with nails of prodigious length. In his hand is a stick or pointer with which he pushes about the brass checks or counters. The principles of the game is a mystery we are unable to solve. But to our work. Back of this room is a narrow passage way, on each side of which are small compartments. We stroll through this passage, enter a room and sit down. A moment later a Chinaman appears and en quires. "What you want?" We demanded a pipe and opium. He looks at us suspiciously. "Me no likee you," he replies. "How much you charge," we asked brus quely. "John" goes out, consults, comes back. "Me no sell opium to white man." No amount of persuasion induces him to furnish the drug. The scheme here has failed. We pass out and enter another opium house. Unlike the other it is small, the wooden shutters are closed, aud from the out side no one would imagine that the room was lighted. Again we call for opium. John hesitates. "Me don't know you, policeman telle me finee me one hundred dollar if me give white man opium." Money will not induce him to give the de sired pipe, but he directs us to the next house. It looks as though the enterprise would end in a failure. Something must be done. When we enter the next house we feign intoxication. Several are in the room. We salute them noisily, play our role as well as possible, and finally demand opium. John smiles pleasantly. "Where you come from ?" he asks. "Butte," we answer. (That was a lie). "When you come from Butte?" "Yesterday." (That was another). "How much you charge for opium smoke ?" "Four bits." "I want heap, learn to smoke opium in Butte; hurry up." The last shade of suspicion leaves his face. An earthern jar is produced. Taking a needle in one hand and a card in the other he dex trously transfers to the card, perhaps a tec spoonful of the drug, which resembles iu consistency and color a low grade of molas ses. We then go into aback room where around a 'table are several Chinamen gamb ling. Still further back is a passage-way in most respects similar to the one already de scribed. Several Chinamen are lying about stupefied. Through a small aperture we catch the figure of a white man. He is also stupefi ed. His pipe is lying near him and cuddled up in a heap he is sleeping. We enter a compartment ; the bed resem bles a wide shelf and runs the length of the room. In the centre are a couple of Chineese pillows, and a little glass lamp is burning be tween them. We lay down. John remarks. "Me send you good cookee," and departs. Soon the "cookee" appears. He lies down also, resting his head upon the second pillow. A couple of pipes are produced. The stem is hollow, perhaps half an inch in diamater and eight inches or a foot long. The bowl, rising from the stem, expands in width and at the top would probably measure two or three inches across. The opening in the bowl not much larger than a knitting needle. The proprietor again appears and cautions us to make no noise. "Lay down, sleep plenty," he says, and .hen departs. is is ed at es of ing of try and all ry the a The door is now closely shut, that the fumes may not escape. The "cookee" takes a needle and catching up a portion of the drug twirls it around in the flame. It puffs out and would drop off but for the dxterous needle which shapes it. It is pressed and rolled upon the bowl of the pipe, and finally a quantity about twice the size of a pea is placed on the bowl. The needle is run through it, that the draft may be good. It is then held over the lamp and our first exper ience as an opium smoker begins. A few whiffs exhausts the supply and another quan tity is prepared as before. But we had had enough. The fact that opium is sold to white people in rooms fitted for the purpose was demon strated. Complaining of a feeling of sick ness we got up, paid our four bits, and de parted. From reliable parties we learn that Americans, mcslly young men, and womtn. who in Helena are as yet confined to the class of demi mondes , habitually frequeüt these dens. No evil which society has yet suffered can compare with that of opium-smoking should it once get a hold in any community. The question is, "What are you going to do about it ?" Monday Night Club. The fourth meeting of this society was held last evening at the residence of Mrs. Neel. The attendance was not quite as large as on former occasions, but the several parts were more uniformly good. The programme in cluded readiug by Mrs. Woolfolk, a selection from Dickens; a recitation by Mrs. C. R. Wallace, a poem of Mrs. Browning's effect ually rendered. The surprise of the evening occurred when our Territorial Treasurer, D. H. Weston, produced in lieu of an essay, an admirable poem, both humorous and imagin ative, showing a familiarity with meters, either a natural gift or gained by considera ble practice. The question discussed was whether the execution of Charles I was ben eficial to England. The affirmative was val iantly maintained by Judge Wade, assisted by Mr. DeWitt and Miss Warfield, while the negative was just as ably champiooed by Col. Woolfolk, Mr. Newton and Mrs. Hedges. The prevailing temper of the members seem ed to be that kings were no better than other mortals and ought just as well to be punished for their crimes. At this distance of time it is easy to array many results and attribute them to that execution. The other side, what might have been if Charles' head had been left on him, cannot, never will be known. It is quite evident, however, that it marked a change in the tide of popular sympathy From a perfidious tyrant Charles became transformed into a martyr. Had he lived England might have gone on till it had thor oughly learned the lesson that kings were use less and resulted in the establishment of a re public. The spelling exercise, as usual, brought out a large number of unfamiliar words to exercise the wits of the members and develop 9ome opinions at variance with Webster. The music was delightful, both vocal and instrumental. Miss D'Acheul, Mrs. Neel. Mr9. Blake and Mr. Weston contribut ed in this department to the general interest. Thus far the success of the society has ex ceeded the most sanguine anticipations of its projectors. The next meeting is to be held at Col. Sanders, when a dramatic entertain ment varies the usual programme. »rOt'K UKOWLKS' ASSOCIATION. Sball a Winter Meeting be Called ? The following article is from the current number of the Husbandman , iu the sugges tions of which the Herald cordially con curs: it occurs to us that a meeting of the Stock Growers' Association ot the Territory would prove higüly beneficial to the several branch es of stock husbandry. There is no legisla tive meeting this winter to call the people to gether, yet we believe there is business enough of sufficient importance to justify a meeting for the special purpose of discussiDg stock matters. There are a great many minor subjects and a number of leading questions which should be considered. The laud prob lem is one. Are the stock-growers of Mon tana more selfish and less active than those of Wyoming? Have they not something to say on the great pastoral question ? some re commendations to make to Congress ? The subject of protecting the range against fire is another one of importance. Some effort should be made to induce the stock-men of every section to organize for mutai protect on against fire. Every stock-man, far and near, should sally forth at the first appearance of smoke m his district. Funds should also be collected and a reward offered for the de tection of any person in the act of firing the prairie, and warnings should be posted upon our highways to arrest the attention of the careless. Questions of breeding, shipping and driv ing are also of much importance and much knowledge may be elicited by a comparison of views. Live stock has seen its darkest days in Montana, and will look up from this day forward, and to keep pace with the times permanent and systematic organization is nec essary. The association, we understand, ad journed subject to call of the executive com mittee, and we believe it well for the organi zation and well for the interest of the indus try to have a rousing big meeting this winter. What do our stockmen think of it ? We hope the executive committee may think the matter over and conclude to convene the stock-growers at an early day, and we would suggest about the middle of February as a suitable time. A cordial invitation should be extended to cattle, horse and ' sheep owners, and to breeders, dairymen and farmers, and all interested in any branch of stock husband ry to be present and take part in the deliber ations, and contribute what they may fdward the success of the calling. Irish Fnn<i. Richmond, Va., January 13.— The Irish relief fund amount to $25,000. a is is NOTES FROM ZIONT. An Interesting Letter From Captain x. C. Bailey. Surveyor Ggneral's Office ) Salt Lake (Zion) City, Jan'y 7, isso.j' To the Editor of the Herald. I find the Herald a welcome visitor,which I always read with much satisfaction, as I desire to keep posted on Montana affair, with a view of returning to the Territory a t no distant day, if everything continues to "pan out" as it has during the past year, as so creditably set forth in your splendid Hon. day Herald. I am concerned, in a small way at present, in stock raising in Montana, and I read the various articles on that important interest with great attention, and derived much infor mation therefrom. Col. Sander's "Attempt to Join the Highwaymen," Peter Koch's "Eastern Montana," J. W. Haunay's "New Year's Eve, 1869," Col. Wheeler's "Unpub lished Chapter," Annie H. Barker's "Hound Tower iu the West," John W. Eddy's "Con clave," John Potter's "Land of the Shining Mountains," Frank P. Sterling's "Public Domain," Pilgrim's "Lion Hunting Alon? the Yellowstone," and most of your other articles, were particularly interesting and in structive, on account of their historical, literary and other excellencies, their orignuli ty and vast fund of information. 1 tell the mining men here that there are better mines "lying around loose" in Mon tana than maDy in Utah for which fabulous prices have been paid. For example : The Old Telegraph Mine, which sold for $3,01)0, 000, the ore of which only averages about $20 silver to the ton. «Such ore as that iu Montana would be considered worthless, yet Mr Holden realized an immense fortune out of it. But they, the miners, reply, "Montana is too far away from home." This cry is the only present objection anywhere raised to your vast and magnificently endowed Terri tory, but that cry, ere long, will be changed into a general "Hurrah for Montana !" as the railways reach you. The two railroads and the Missouri river will make competition in freight, which is an advantage that Utah can probably never boast of. Such competition will, of course, cause cheap transportation, and in this Montana will have the advantage, and the people are sure to find it out in due time, and flock to the Territory by thousands. I like Montana and her whole-souled citi zens, and probably should have been in Hel ena to this day had not Gen'l Kimball, "the old war horse," offered me large surveying contracts in Utah, which induced me to come to "Zion" and try my fortune with the "Saints." I have no reason to regret the change as so far I have been pleased with the climate especially, have many friends, good health, and prosperity. Society id a little mixed, however, and this is the bane of a res idence here. There are no politics iu which a Gentile can engage; no lively campaigns; no stump speeches in favor ot this or that candidate. The leading Mormons nomiuate and the "Saints" step up and vote as they are told. Last August a change in the chief clerkship in the Surve} T or General's office here became necessary, and being solicited by Gen'l Salo mon, our Surveyor General, to accept the place, I telegraphed to my brother, then in Illinois, to come out to "Zion" aüd assume charge of my land office business, lie con sented and came at once, whereupon I ac cepted the position offered me, and so 1 feel more at home with my brother and family than I ever did before since coining to "Zion." The business in the Surveyor General's of fice is "booming." There were 135 mineral surveys made since July 1st, 1879, against 118 during the previous year; we have six clerks in the office, and are still unable to keep up with the current work on mineral surveys. One claimant, not long since, made application for 20 surveys in one day on iron claims. The mining interests in Utah are lively enough. The snow, and cold, stormy weather of the last few weeks does not cool the ardor of the eager miner. He pitches iu with as much vim as though it were midsum mer. Park City is thriving, and will be '.be Leadville of Utah. The Ontario Company are panning out tne silver at the rate of $109, 000 per month. Had I the time, as I have the desire, I would write you often on matters of interest to your readers, but my duties tie me do*" so closely that when I leave my desk I <* 1U too weary and have no inclination to write to any one. Lewis and Blake,the butchers from Helena, are here. Frank Taylor I met dur ing the Holidays in "Zion" interviewing the "Saints." He will have quite an item to charge as "wastage" iu balancing his accounts for 1879. In conclusion, I am pleased to remark that my thoughts run back along the dim path years to the many pleasant, gay times enjoy* ed with the good sociable folks of Mont*"*» and I shall ever hold my old friends there in grateful remembrance. Peace and P r0S * perity to you all. T. C. BAILEV N. B. The note in parenthesis at the head of Coi. Sander's "Attempt to join the High waymen" applies in my ca9e exactly. & Opposition to (be Inter-State Conuu* ffe BUI. Washington, January 13.—G. IU H^ aD ' chard, representing the Erie railroad, sp"k e to-day in opposition to the Reagan inter-St«m coramero bill, taking strong grounds ngaiust the positive legislation by Congress «ffectmg the different interests involved, and favoring the appointment of a commission to sugS et legislation on the subject.