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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. THURSDAY, JANUARY 15, 1880. SAINT ANDREW'S DAY. The 8th of January stands dedicated in our annals to the memory of Andrew JacksoD and his successful defense of New Orleans. The veterans of the Mexican war in our Ter ritory have for some reasons, of which we are not advised, selected it for a reunion. The associations connected with our late war with Great Britain and our late war w T ith Mexico, are well deserving of rehearsal and the survivors of those wars are entitled to honor. We need not forget that both war: were at the time unpopular with a large por tion of our people. The Mexican war was generally opposed by the Whig party and stigmatized at the North as the salve-holders war. Growing out of the anexation of Texas, conducted by a Democratic administration and resulting in securing the western bor ders of the Rio Grande, the extreme claim of Texas, besides the acquisition of New Mexico and California which were intended for the establishment of additional slave States, the war itself and the attendant acquisition of Territory, appeared at the time to be al most wholly in the interest of the South The subsequent discovery of gold in Cali fornia drew to that country such a rush of fortune seekers from all parts of the world that the original purpose of the South was defeated. California was organized into a free State and admitted after a severe strug gle in Congress. The North, that had op posed the war, in the end secured the greatest advantages from it, the South solacing itself with the hope of getting even by the subdi vision of Texas, and of introducing the pecu liar institution into New Mexico and Utah. The Mexican war, whatever may be thought of the original causes and purposes of those who forced it, was glorious to our arms, and in its ultimate results has proved of untold value to the whole country. The campaigns of Taylor and Scott, the marches of Kearney and Doniphan, were not only successful but brilliantly so. The population^ our coun try at this time was less than half of what it is at present. Our army was small and mostly inexperienced in actual warfare except with Indians. The armies employed seem small when measured by the scale afforded by our late civil war. The army with which Scott set forth on his march to the conquest of the capital was only 12,000. With this little force he landed near Vera Cruz in March, 1847, captured that city, defended by its celebrated fortress and 5,000 soldiers, within a few days thereafter pushed on towards the heart of the country, winning the passes at Cerro Gordo with all the disadvantages of position and held by a superior Mexican army. Soon after followed the memorable battles of Cherubusco, Moiino del Rey and Chepultepec, and on the 14th of September, within about six months after landing, our brave little army entered the City of Mexico and dictated the terms of peace. The battles of Palo Alto, Reseca de la Palma, Buena Vista, the capture of Mon terey, achieved by the northern army, were equally brilliant. Nor should the marches and achievements of Kearney and Doniphan be entitled to less honorable mention. The perils endured were such as have destroyed many a brave host. In two short years the war was ended. It cost the United States about $50,000,000, in eluding $15,000,000 paid Mexico for the ter ritory added. The territory acquired was two-thirds as much as the entire United States at its first formation. Out of it has been formed California and part of Colorado, be sides the Territories of Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona. The wealth of mines acquired alone exceeds a thousand fold the entire cost, and the gold poured forth by the placers of California wrought a revolution in all the in dustries of the world. The far-reaching re sults are beyond the power of computation. Tue D. D. editor invites us to unbosom our soul concerning his holiday orgies. Thus far we have shown ourself more his friend than he has himself. We still forbear. Governor Garcelon is said to be ill and nervous, incapable of eating or sleeping, and generally miserable since the perpetration of his great crime against the liberties of the people of Maine. It may be remembered that Charles IX worried himself to death from remorse for his great crime on St. Bartholo mew's day. The mistake of the Independent editor is in supposing he can disport himself in print after the manner of his performances in court, with no other public record of his acts and utterances than appears upon a court docket. The squirming of the Bourbon to extricate himself from his hurried endorse ment of the Garcelon infamy is decidedly amusing, but he went into print and the fix ing of his offense was easy and conclu sive. Pettyfogging won't help, but will greatly aggravate the matter. The Royal Conservatory of Music at Leip sic has brought to notice two highly promis ing youthful violinists, one a boy of thirteen, named Rhodes, from Philadelphia, and the other a Copenhagen lad of fifteen, named Von Damek. They were tried at a concert with the most difficult and technical music, and acquitted themselves in Bach a manner that the German critics §ay among the future Wilhemj8 and Joacims these two will surely have a place. BANQUET TO THE VETERANS. Those who attended the banquet spread for the veteraus of the Mexican War at the International hotel Thursday evening agree in reporting that it was a grand affair. The table was bountifully supplied with all the luxuries the season and markets afford, and the speeches were characterized by much wit and eloquence. Our honored townsman, Har vey W. English, as President of the Veteran Association, presided with dignity and re sponded eloquently in their behalf. If the veteran line was thin, there were no vacant seats at the table, as our community can al ways be safely counted on to supply a plenty of gentlemen who would rather like to be vet erans and are ready on the shortest notice to do honor to the scared heroes of war. Three hours were happily spent at the table in lis tening to the toasts and responses. Major Walker officiated as toast-master with his ac customed grace and dignity. Three of the respondents were prevented from attending, among them Judge Blake, though the deten tion and absence were partially supplied by communications about as good as responses. We cannot recall the full text of the toast or the order of responses, but among them we recall those of Judges Galbraith and Wade, Messrs. English, Williams, Sanders, Shober, Botkin, Hedges Knight, DeWitt, Farrer and Buck. Gen. Ruger responded for the army and navy in a peculiarly happy style. As to the navy, he though it was most too far inland and above sea level to make that branch of the service prominent, though reminded by Col. Sanders that we had even in Montana a port of entry and a custom house. Col. Orr was assigned to respond for the ladies and he did it in his usual humorous and telling style. Departing from his text somewhat, he gave some of his experience in the home guard of Missouri, claiming for them a close resem blance to veterans in this, that they were among the last to die for their country. He further related his hair breadth escape from having been a veteran of the Mexican war. 8everal of the speakers had evidently pre pared themselves with some care for the oc casion. though on short notice, and it might be possible to reproduce from manuscript a portion of at least the speeches that enliven ed the occasion. As it was voted to continue these reunions yearly, we may well expect that even greater interest will attach to each succeeding anniversary. AEFA1RS IN MAINE. Our hopes of an early and honorable settle ment of affairs in Maine has been in a meas ure disappointed. The very desperation with which the Democrat-Greenback coalition hold on to their ill-gotten plunder shows that tbej r believe it their last chance. There seems to be a fatality, which we cannot altogether re gard as accidental, that criminals not only furnish the evidence to convict themselves, but are their own executioners. So now it seems that the Maine robbers are determined to parade themselves before the eyes of an outraged public until the last party friend is shamed into silence on their behalf. We should be glad if possible to consider it a case that concerned the people of Maine alone, but this is impossible. It is a disgrace to our age, to our whole country, and furnishes a re proach that the enemies of free institutions will not be slow to use to our disadvantage. We have been accustomed to think that such revolutionary seizures of political authority could only occur among half ciyilized men. We have flattered ourselve that enlighten ment had proceeded far enough in this coun try to secure the reign of law, order, right and reason, and a general and willing obe dience to its judgements when fairly ascertain ed. If this coup d'ttat succeeds in Maine, men may well ask, When and where are we safe? Can it be that partizan zeal has so demoralized the people of Maine that any considerable fraction of any party dare usurp the supreme powers of the State and decree for themselves perpetual succession. In all ages it has been shown that the tyranny of a faction was more unscrupulous and intolera ble than that of a single person. If we are ever to see a Caesar in this country, the fact will only be made possible by such occur rences as this in Maine. When the people of the State and country open their eyes to the full magnitude and the necessary conse quences and tendencies of this crime against civilization and good government, we have no fears that the penalty in full measure will 3e applied. In rebuke of the loud-mouthed Bourbon organs of the South, who rant about "our enemies of the North," the Vicksburg Her ald reads them this little lecture: "These Northern enemies have a curious way of treating us when we get into trouble. If fire, or flood, or famine, or pestilence should dis tress us, 'our enemies of the North' would pour out millions of treasure for our relief. This is in accordance with the best teachings of all religions, and should convince all im partial people to regard it as the act of a friend instead of an enemy." Hebe is encouragement for the Bourbon organ to flop back. The San Francisco Ex aminer, (Dem.) exclaims : "Brave and reso lute old Governor Garcelon, of Maine, is proving himself more and more entitled to the praise and confidence and admiration of Democrats of every portion of the country." In some parts of Wisconsin men turn out and hunt wolves, and in other portions wolves turn out and hunt schoolma'ms. of THE VETERANS. Banquet in Their Honor by. Citizens of Helena. Â Bountiful Bepast and a Happy, Joyous Good Time. Toasts and Responses, Reuding of Let ters, Etc. The crowning act of the day upon which the veterans of the Mexican war inaugurated their association for future reunions, was the banquet last evening at the Interna tional Hotel, tendered to veterau soldiers in the war with Mexico, now resident of Mon tana, by the citizens of Helena. Promptly at 9 o'clock the doors of the din ing hall were thrown open and the veterans and distinguished guests, led by the Pres ident of the evening, Harvey W. English, President of the Mexican War Veteran As sociation of Montana, filed into the room to the music of a grand march furnished by the silver cornet band. Mr. English headed the table, with the veterans seated at his right, and the Chief Justice and Judge Galbraith, of the Supreme Court, General T. H. Ruger and officers of the army stationed in Helena, and citizens and distinguished personages from abroad on his left. All being seated, and the fifty covers be ing represented, the chairman of the com mittee of citizens, Major Robert C. Walker, announced the beginning of the exercises to be the disposition of the elaborate and boun tiful repast spread upon the occasion. After all bad eaten to their fullest satisfaction the band furnished the "Star Spangled Banner," when the first regular toast of the evening was read. The President of the United States. Responded to by Hon. W. J. Galbraith, Judge of the Supreme Court, in one of the most appropriate and elegant responses known to the class of after-dinner speeches. His allusion to the splendid ovations to the ex-President of the United States—not the man, but the representative of the great American people—as he had lately received them from all the great powers of the earth, was most happy. He contrasted the events as more striking and suggestive than any that had ever been suggested by the shouting pop ulace from the Pantheon or the loud hosannas around the halls of the Caesars. Music by the band—"Hail to the Chief." The second regular toast—The veterans of the war with Mexico ; they knew no defeat and their chivalric deeds brought new prov inces to the republic and renown to the Amer ican name. Responded to by the President, Harvey W. English, who, in a most touching speech, welcomed his comrades and veterans, who for thirty-three years since their meeting on the plains of Mexico had been fighting the battle of life, and who for the first time in these long and weary years had this day re sponded to a roll call. Their names were few, but he thanked God that they had lived to meet with this cordial reception at the hands of the citizens of Helena. The third regular toast—The fallen heroes ; '•The ppot where they fell shall be bright as their name, And the grass where they bled shall be green as their fame, For the gold of the pen and the steel of the sword. Write their names in their blood on the land they adored." At the reading of this toast all arose to their feet and in silence drank to the honored dead. Fourth regular toast—Our army and navy —the strong right arm of the republic. Responded to by General Thomas H. Ru ger, U. S. A., commanding District of Mon tana, in a neat and appropriate speech, which proved that he, like a certain military chief tain, was not only the soul of brevity, but also happiest when he said the most in the fewest words. The speech was applauded to the echo and drank to with the heartiest re sponse. The fifth regular toast—The volunteer sol diers of the republic ; may they always be ready and never needed. The response was to have been made by Governor B. F. Potts, who was not present because of indisposition of himself, as set forth in a letter of regret to one of the vete rans. But Col. W. F. Sanders being called upon by a hearty request responded in one of his happiest after-dinner speeches. Mu9ic—"Yankee Doodle." The sixth regular toast—Our country. The fairest fruitage of time ; "Esto Perpetua." Response by Hon. D. S. Wade in a beauti ful and complimentary speech upon the greatest government of the world, which he said truly was the fairest fruitage of time and as apostrophised would be constant and per renial. Music. The seventh regular toast—The Republic of Mexico. May her future be as bright as her skies and fair as her flowers, and the rivalries of the two countries be that generous emulation as to which shall best commend democratic government to all nations, kin dreds and tongues. Response by Hon. Cornelias Hedges in one of his classic, historic and clever impromptu speeches, truly worthy of his learning and position as a scholar. Music. Eighth toast—The Territory of Montana. Response by Hon. H. N. Blake, who, being absent, sent his regrets in the following letter, which was read : Helena, Montana, Jan. 8, 1880. Messrs. Walker, Toole and Sanders, commit tee of citizens of Helena : Gents:— Your kind invitation was received be if are the last the after I had become a party to another engage ment, from which 1 cannot escape without difficulty. I thank you for your courtesy and hope that my absence from the ranks at the banquet to the veterans of the war with Mex ico will not be considered a violation of what would be deemed generally a command. The appearance of the survivors of this war upon this day is full of suggestions. No event in the history of the American Union produced more intense feeling, and now it is difficult to discover a trace of the bitterness which was one generation ago flowing over the whole country. The effects of this struggle seem to be countless in their benefits and unsur passed in their extent. The evil intentions, if any existed in the minds of the American citizens who favored the prosecution ot the war with Mexico, were baffled and the public welfare promoted. But these are matters which have been referred to so often that 1 need not dwell upon them. As the veteran of a more recent war, I claim the pleasant privilege of greeting as comrades in arm9 the soldiers who fought for the United States flag upon Mexican soil. 1 cheerfully support the objects of their organisation in Âlontana, and hope that they may be as victorious in con quering Congress as they were in overcoming Mexico. With another expression of my regrets, I am very truly, HENRY N. BLAKE.! In the absence of the Judge the Hon. Alex. C. Botkin was called for a response, which he promptly made in a happy, appropriate and impromptu speech, most creditable to the land of his pilgrimage and adoption. Music. Ninth toast—The memories of Scott, Tay lor, Wool, Worth, Shields, and the other gal lant officers of our Mexican army now dead. Response by J. J. Williams, E^q., in one his characteristic flights into the realms where eloquence and pathos have their home, and where angels fear to tread. But the rehearsal of the battles in Mexico were graphically given, and his familiarity with dates and places showed clearly that he had been there. His speech was uproariously applauded. Tenth toast—To the memory of Benito Juarez ; nobly serving his country he rescued it from foreign dominion and internal dissen sions, and takes his place beside Washington and Bolivar. Response by Hon. John H. Shober. The speech was truly the "King's Own," and was heartily applauded. Eleventh toast—The Press. Response to have been by A. M. Woolfolk, but who, at the eleventh hour was obliged to retire from the banquet to meet the cry for "more copy" for his press on Main street. Letters from Capt. R. E. Fisk and others expressed their regrets and explained their absence from the banquet. 12th toast—The bachelors; the world is all before them whence o choose. The response was to have been made by the Hon. R. P. Viviou, but, as he said in his regrets, having paired off on a prior engage ment, and to please hold him excused, it was no doubt inferred that he had either taken a wife, or married a farm, or had to go and try his oxen, or had taken advantage of another of the pleas put in by the tardy guest to an ancient feast of happy memory. So "the bachelors" had no response—they ought for ever to hold their peace. Thirteenth toast—The ladies. Response by the Hon. Sample Orr. Truly a sample speaker and worthy the shouts of laughter and applause bestowed upon it. Fourteenth toast—The triumph of peace. Response by E. W. Knight in a very neat and pretty speech entirely appropriate to the sentiment which came like the sunlight after the battle cloud, and prepared the way for happy thoughts and pleasant dreams. W. H. DeWitt, Esq., responded to the sentiment offered to the Sergeant of Marines attached to H. M. S. Pinafore. He answered for the cre** r which had hove to on the very heights of r he Rocky Mountains and which would not weigh anchor until they had a good send off on the planks of Sawtelle's Theatre. Two gentlemen, invited guests, of Saint Louis, Mr. H. R. Buck and Gen. B. G. Far rar, responded to sentiments which brought them both out to a realization of their speedy naturalization and welcome to Montana—al though "pilgrims," they felt to the manor born. The President then, on behalf of the vet erans, made his hearty acknowledgements for the honor done and the true welcome ex tended to them by the citizens of Helena, and requested that the names of any other veter ans that were known, be sent to the Secre tary of the Mexican War Veteran Association of Helena. After resolution of praise to Charles Rinda, proprietor of the International Hotel, for the elegant spread and choice wines furnished on the occasion, the band played "Home, Sweet Home," and the banquet was over. Presidential Talk. Chicago, January 8.— The Inter-Ocean's Washington special says: Mr. Frazier, of Philadelphia, an active worker for Secretary Sherman, was here to-day. He states that the feeling in favor of Sherman is growing very rapidly in Pennsylvania, and that the feeling for Grant, which was almost unani mous at one time, has subsided a great deal, and that when the State convention meets the delegates to the National Convention will not be instructed for Grant. The Republicans in the largely German counties report that it would not be safe to nominate Grant, as the Germans will not vote for him, and he donbts if Grant could carry the State. The people are as a mass for Blaine first, Sherman sec ond, and Grant third. Mr. Frazier thinks the Pennsylvania delegation will vote as a matter of compliment for Cameron, as in the last convention they voted for Hartranft. He thinks the Grant enthusiasm will die out by the time the Chicago convention meets, and that the Pennsylvania delegation will then after casting one vote for Cameron cast a solid vote for Sherman. al J. it of ed of of to true SOLDIERS IN COUNCIL. Reunion of Mexican War Veterans. The first reunion in Montana of veterans of the Mexican War took place at the court house, in Helena, on Thursday afternoon January 8th, attended by a number of p ar . ticipants in that memorable conflict, as also many spectators who were greatly interested in the proceedings. Mr. Harvey W. English called the meeting to order and Judge J. J. Williams was elect ed temporary Chairman, and Thos. L. Gor ham temporary Secretary. H. W. English and W. H. Ewing were ap. pointed a committee of two to ascertain and report the names of all veterans of the war with Mexico now residing in Montana. The committee reported the names as follows: VETERAN ROLL. Bagg, Chas. S. Baker, Thos. W. Batterton, J. H. Booth, William. Calaway, John. Clarey, Thomas. Colston, Edward. Crammer, J. M. English, Harvey W. Ewing, Wm. II. Gibson, Nathan. Goodwin, John. Gorham, Thos. L. Hall, Thomas. Hancock, Joseph. Irvine, Caleb E. Johnston, J. Y. Keeler, G. W. Kelly, A J. Langley, John T. McCarthy, — McDaniel, M. P. Murphy, Amaziah. O'Connor, John. O'Neil, Hugh. Owen, E. T. Patton, F. E. W. Ritner, George. Robinson, George. Rodgers, Wm. H. Root, Hiram. Schneple, Henry. Sloan, A. H. Spratt, J. G. Thomas, Sanford. White, Lemuel. Whitely, A. J. Wilkinson, Calvin. Williams, J. J. York, J. N. The following named veterans were pres ent and responded to roll-call : Thomas L. Gorham. W. H. Ewing. Harvey W. English. J. Y. Johnston. J. J. Williams. H. W. English, G. G. W. Keeler. Andrew J. Kelly. A. J. Whitely. W. Keeler and J. Y. Johnston were named a committee on perma nent organization. The following persons were recommended for and unanimously elected permanent officers for the year: President—Harvey W. English. Vice Presidents—J. J. Williams, C. E. Ir vine, E. T. Owens, J. G. Spratt, W. K. Rod gers. Secretary—Thomas L. Gorham. Upon taking the chair Mr. English expres sed the great pleasure it gave him to meet a few of his old comrades in arms after a separation of more than thirty years. He then gave an exceedingly interesting historic al summary of the causes, progress and re sults of the Mexican war. Letters were read from the following named veterans who were unable to attend the reunion : A. Mur phy, F. E. W. Patton, W. H. Rodgers, E. T. Owen, Henry Schneple, Jas. H. Batterton, J. N. York, Caleb E. Irvine, and John Cala way. A brief address was delivered by J. J. Williams, in which he referred to the large and valuable territory that had been added to the domain of the United States as the re sult of the war with Mexico, and to the claims which the survivors of that war had upon the government. Upon motion, the Secretary was instructed to procure and keep a book in which should appear the names, residences and ages of all veterans of the Mexican war residing in Montana, as well as the battalion, regiment or company in which they served. The following resolution was adopted: Resolved, That when this meeting adjourns, it adjourns to meet at Helena on Wednesday, in Fair week, Sept. 8th, 1880, and that all the veterans in Montana be requested to mat with us at that time. Messrs. J. J. Williams, G. W. Keeler and J. Y. Johnston were appointed to reporta memorial to be presented to Congress pray ing that pensions be granted to survivors of the Mexican war. The committee presented a memorial for the purpose named, and the same was adopted. At this stage of the proceedings, Major K. C. Walker appeared, and, on behalf of the citizens of Helena, invited the veterans to partake of a banquet at International Hotel at 8:3d o'clock p. m. The invitation was ac cepted and the thanks of the veterans ex tended therefor. The meeting then adjourned until Septem ber 8th, 1880. GENERAL FAKKAR'S SPEECH. One of the most pleasant of the surprises of the banquet last evening was the unexpect ed presence and speech of General Benjamin Farrar, of St. Louis, who arrived in Helena the evening before. Gen. Farrar is a brother of Mrs. S. T. Hauser and a nephew of Capt. William Clarke, of the Lewis and Clarke ex pedition, and of General George Rodgers Clarke, "the Conqueror of the Northwest," and is himself honorably identified with the history of his country in peace and war, be having served in the army during the rebel lion, commanding a portion of the time a brigade, we believe. Called to his feet unex pectedly by a toast to "Our Guests," he as tonished the persons present by one of the most glowing, eloquent speeches of the even ing, in which he painted the beneficence of the Union and the loyal pride which every citizen should take in its grandeur and per petuity. His recital of some of the gr ea£ events of the war and the heroic nam# l£ had given to history was signally felicit 00 * and brought down rounds of applause. Gen. Farrar has spent the greater portion of the last eight years in Germany * gium, and doubtless felt more deeply tba& those who have not widened their observa tion by foreign travel how infinitely superb to all other countries is this of ours. Wha * ever may have been the cause, the g°° * manly, stalwart talk had in it the eleme nt 0 true eloquence—earnestness.