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s ♦to Ü Him m n â El w Volume xiv. Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 22, 1880. No. 23 iilii itete itotöL FUBLI8HBD BVEBT THUR9DAT MOBNIKO. FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - - Editor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. Subscriber« (deli vered by carrier) per month, t? 00 BT MAIL. One copy one month............................S 2 00 One copy three months......................... 5 00 One copy nix months........................... 9 00 One copy one yeax............................. 18 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year........................................|B 00 Six months......................................3 00 Three months................................... 1 50 WHITTIER'S REQUIEM FOR WEBSTER. [Extract f rom Whittier's poem, "The Lost Oecaeion," in the April Atlantic.] Some die too late and some too soon, At early morning, heat of noon, Or the chill ev mine twilight. Thou. Whom the rich heavens did so endow With eves ot power and Jove's own brow, With all the massive strength that fills Thy home-horison's granite hills, With rarest gifts of heart and head From manliest stock inherited, New England's stalie-t type of man, In port and speecli Olympian : Whom no one met, at first, but took A second awed and wondering look (As turned, perchance, the eyes of Greece On Phidias' unveiled masterpiece) ; Whose words, in simplest home-spun clad, The taxon's strength of Cædmen's had, With jiower reserved at need to reach The Rom»n forum's loftiest speech, Sweet with persuasion, eloquent In passion, cool in argument, Or, ponderous, falling on thy foes As tell the Norse god s hammer blows, Crushing, as if with Talus' flail, Through Error's logic-woven mail, And failing only when they tried The adamant of the righteous side— Thou foiled in aim and hope, bereaved Of oid friends, by the new deceived, Too soon for us, too soon for thee, Beside thy lonely Northern sea, Where long and low the marsh-lands spread— Laid wearily down thy august head. Thou shouldst have lived to feel below Thy feet Disunion's fierce upthrow— The late sprung mine that underlaid The sad concessions vainly made. Thou shouldst have seen from Sumter's wall The star-flag of the Union fall, And armed Rebellion pressing on The broken lines of Washington ! No stronger voice than thine had then Called out the utmost might of men, To make the Union's charter free And strengthen law by liberty; How had that stern arbitrament To thy gray age youth's vigor lent, Shaming ambition's paltry prize Before thy disillusioned eyes ; Breaking the spell about thee wound Like the green w ithes that Samson bound ; Redeeming ir. one effort grand, Thyself and thy imperilled land ! Ah, cruel fate, tlmt closed to thee, O sleeper by the Northern sea, The gates of opportunityj But, where thv native mountains bare Their foreheads to diviner air, Fit emblem of enduring fame, One lofty summit keens thy name, For thee the cosmic forces did The rearing of that pyramid. The prescient ages shaping with Fire, flood, and frost of thy monolith. Sunrise and sunset lay thereon With hands of light their benison, The stars of midnight pause to set Their jewels in its coronet, And evermo e that mountain mass Seems climbing from the shadowy pass To light, as if to manifest Thy nobler self, thy life at best ! THE AMEN OF TUE ROCKS. Translated from the German of Rosegarten. usrli blind witli age, forth Beda went with zeal tidings of salvation to proclaim. >ugh town and harnlet, guided by a hoy, pious father wandered, full of love, preached to dying men the word of life. hoy once guided him into a vale ?trewn with rocks and empty heaps of stone, there in wantonness, not malice, said: >st rev'rend lather, many men are here, wait to hear the word ot gospel truth." blind old man arose with joyful haste, se him a text, explained it and applied, orted, warned, rebuked and comforted iving that the tears rolled down his cheeks gently hid themselves in hi- gray beard. ■il in conclusion then, as it is lit, >rayed the praver the S»vior taught, and said: ne is the kingdom, thine the pow'r, and thine glory unto all eternity." re hurst from out the vale a mighty shout: îen, most rev'rend father," and "Amen !" bov \va- frightened: kneeling down, with shame 0 the holy paint confessed the sin. ii," said the father, "hast thou never read, ■n men are silent, rocks and stones will cry ? k, nevermore, O son, the ord of God ! ro-edsed sword it is. and quick, and sharp, power!ul. And if the heart of naan lid turn to stone, defying truth and Jove, rock with human heart will throb aloud. n Earl as a Montana Stock Breeder. [New York Telegram. April 5th.] 'he Earl of Dunmore, who owns a prop r of 30,000 acres in Scotland, anJ is cele ted as being one of the mo9t extensive le breeders in the United Kingdom, has n staying for the past few days at the voort House, in this city. He left yester on his way to Helena, Montana, where proposes starting a ranch on a very ex îive scale. He intends to buy several usand head of cattle in Texas and have m transported to his ranch during the aing summer. It is hia further Intention raport 200 or 300 bulls of his own favor breed, and be is sanguine of raising a A of cattle second to none. His ultimate mtion is to ship beef to England, preserv by the refrigerating process. There is a |o field for 6uch an enterprise, and with 1 D'inmore's extensive resources he is not ikely to meet with success. Tbe Census. The compensation allowed Supervisors for the completion of the work in their districts has been fixed at $500, with such an allow ance for clerk hire as the superintendent may think necessary. The enumerators are to be allowed $6 per day, or a certain fixed sum per name, which shall not exceed in the ag gregate the per diem allowed by law. In cities of over 10,000 inhabitants the time for making the canvass is limited to two weeks, while the small towns and the country, from the first Monday in June to July 1st, twenty six working days, is allowed. The following extracts from a circular letter addressed by the superintendent to the supervisors, con cerning the appointment of enumerators, will be found to be of interest : "The most important duty which the su pervisor has to perform, is the selection of enumerators. If this is well done the success of the census is secured ; if it is badly done in any district the service will be discredited, the district will be disparaged in the result, and the supervisor will not escape blame." The following considerations shall be ob served in the choice of enumerators : "The appointments must be non-partisan. The fifth section of the act of March 3, 1869, makes it the duty of the Supervisor of Census 'to designate to the Superintendent of Census suitable persons, and, with tbe consent of said superintendent, to employ such persons as enumerators within his district, one for each subdivision, and resident therein, who shall be selected solely with reference to their fit ness, and without reference to their political or party affiliations, according to the appoint ment approved by the Superintendent of Census,' etc. "The superintendent is aware of no reasons existing in law for regarding women as ineli gible for appointment as enumerators. Each supervisor must be the judge for himself whether such appointments in any number would be practically advantageous in his own district. It is clear that in many regions such appointments would be highly objectionable ; but the superintendent is not prepared to say that localities may not be found where a can vass of the population by women could be conducted without any disadvantage being encountered by reason of the sex of the enu merator." The amount appropriated by Congress for the entire census of the country is $3,000,000, and for printing and preliminary expenses an additional sum of $250,000. In addition to the enumeration of individuals, arrangements will be made forgathering complete statistics of the manufacturing, mining, agricultural, and other industries of the country. A well organized effort will be made to obtain ac curate and reliable vital statistics, something which has never been done in former cen suses. On this point the superintendent says : "Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested in life insurance in this country within the last thirty years, and yet we have not even an approximate life table of the United States. Insurance companies do not know how much they should charge to be safe ; the people do not know how little the companies should charge to sell insurance at its fair value. All parties are and have been operating in the dark in the matter of inter ests involving enormous expenditures and re ceipts for lack of information whicn only government can supply, and which in almost all other progressive countries does supply." The law provides that any person refusing to answer any questions propounded by the census enumerators, shall be liable to be pun ished therefor on conviction and subject to pay a fine not exceeding $100. A Hot-bed of Disease and Death. This is the characteristic name given to a district at Pittsburgh, Pa., known as South Side, where there existed on the 30th ult., three hundred cases of typhoid fever, caused by defective drainage and miasmatic exhala tions. The Commercial says: "The records of mortality show that since August, 1877, a period of two years and eight months, there have not been less than one thousand fatal cases of diphtheria alone in that section of the city. The causes of this frightful mor tality are well known to the medical fraterni ty, and the Health Physician, Dr. Snively, has pointed them out in his annual reports, time and time again. Detective drainage through a large part of the district, no drain age at all in other parts, and the accumula tions of filth In the streets and gutters and on the premises of house-holders, are the the main reasons assigned for the fearful death lists which are made up in that region year after year. — mt — - A Tonne Lady's Heart Misplaced. [Indianapolis Journal. A curious case of malposition of the heart was recently discovered by a physician of this city in a patient who was consulting him for some spinal trouble. The young woman is about 20 years old, of good form, hand some face and pleasing disposition. A care ful study of the precise locality and form of the heart shows it to be transferred to the right side of the chest, and, instead of the apex resting just below the breast, it strikes upward against the right collar-bone, near its outer third. In this case there must be a double curve to the large vessels of the heart and the base of the heart is downward. In other words this heart is on the wrong side of the body, and upside down. This unnat ural condition of things does not give rise to any serious inconvenience, except when mov ing too quickly or going up stairs tbe organ beats with painful violence against the collar bone, where Its motion is plainly visible. for be ag In for by su of as of ; be an to : be at re to a of a of of of its a In to MONTANA. Tbe First Snggestlon About tbe National Park—Tbe Most Beautiful Natural Scenery In tbe World. [South Bend (Ind.) Register. We have been permitted to peruse a very interesting private letter from Hon. Cornelius Hedges, of Helena City, Montana, who in the early days of that Territory was a can didate conjointly with Senator Deeper, of this city, then a resident of that country, for a seat in the Territorial legislature, and sub sequently, we believe, was also a candidate for Congress from the same Territory. Mr. Hedges formed one of the first party of white men that visited the famous geysers or shooting springs, adjacent the Yellowstone lake. He was the first to suggest the idea, afterwards formulated in Congressional en actment, of setting apart and dedicating this spot of marvelous wonders for a national park ; which suggestion he made one even ing to the party v\ hile they were chatting about their camp-fire on their return from the tour of exploration referred to. This expe dition was headed by Gen. H. D. Washbume of our own State. Mention is made of the observations of this party in the current edi tion of the Encyclopedia Britannica, which work, in its articles on geysers, in giving an extended description of the principal geysers of this remarkable group and of others in other parts of the world, to America thus ac cords the palm for her possessions in this wild und weird solitude: "But it is the Yel lowstone Park, that the various phenomena of the geysers can be observed on the most portentous scale. The geysers themselves are to be counted by the hundreds, and the di mensions and activity of several of them ren der those of Ireland and New Zealand al most insignificant in comparison." Mr. Hedges naturally feels very enthusiastic over the attractions of the National Park, ex claiming that "it is the most wonderful spot on the face of the earth," and urging his friend, whether he intends to return to Mon tana to live or not, by all means to visit the great geysers and Yellowstone lake, with its diversified panorama of majestic, awe-inspir ing surroundings. Both slopes of the Rocky mountains, tra versed by the upper tributaries of the Mis souri, the Yellor, 3tone, the Colorado, and the Columbia, for hundreds of miles in extent are said to be almost a continuous expanse of grasses nowhere excelled for their succulent qualities. Water, timber and coal are also abundant. Indeed scarcely tbe faintest con ception can be formed of the vast and varied capabilities that in this section of the great watershed of America invite develop ment at the hands of the teeming millions of the near future. Discovery of new Mineral Fields. The Chicago Mining Review says : "The continued discoveries of new mineral fields and the opening up of hundreds of new mines in recently prospected localities, that give most encouraging promise of value and permanence, is a remarkable feature in the history ot miniDg movement of the pre sent day. In addition to the wonderful ex panse of newly discovered Territory, there is a general revival of work on the old and abandoned mines and mining districts that have been lying idle and unproductive for years. Fortunately for the best interest of this great industry, tbe field of operation is broad and practically unlimited, so there is a scope for future developments and a promise of years of successful production. The sub stantial character more plainly shown as the work of development progresses, assures the capitalist that he i9 investing in no temporary scheme, but there are years of time, and un limited material for his use and work. East ern capital and business ability, united with Western energy, have produced most won derful results in a very short space of time, and as the movement in this direction has scarcely begun, there is indicated by the pre sent eager interest of all classes in whatever pertains to mining, a future such as no other industry has ever witnessed." — ^ m* - A Hieb Gold Mine. The Deadwood '1 imes has this to say of the famous Homestake mine: "An old miner, who made a tour of tbe Homestake mine tbe other day, informed us yesterday that within the present year the greatest min ing excitement of 1he age would stir up the country from ocean to ocean, and that the Homestake mine would be tbe cause of the stir. The mills of this company are now running—and turning out over $200,000, per month—on the lowest grade rock they have. This is done to uncover a body of ore which has been struck in the lower level, and as soon as this remarkable mass of quartz is ex posed sufficiently to render mining conven ient the stamps will be fed on it, when, it is claimed by oar informant, the clean-ups of the the Homestake will $500,000 a month instead of $200,000, as at present. It is confidently believed that the new ore body will yield from $20 to $40 per ton. If the surmises of our informant are correct, and the chances are in favor of the affirmative, the stock of tbe Homestake will go up into the hundreds. The extent of the new find is not exactly known, of course, but it is the opinion of our best informed miners that it is very ex tensive. The whole foundation of the mine seems to be composed of this rich ore." The elections in England have produced a profound impression in Constantinople and at the palace almost a panic. The Greeks, Armenians. Bulgarians and Christians rejoice at Beaconsfield's fall. The more sanguine assume that Gladstone will turn Turkey out of Europe bag and baggage. a WENT or THE MISSOURI. A Shrewd Observer's Opinions of (he Country. The Eureka (Nev.) Leader recently inter viewed Jacob Gilmer, with flattering results. There is no man, observes that paper, more familiar with the great Western country lying between the Missouri river and the Sierra Nevada mountains than the gentleman named. His vast stage and mining inter ests, and the frequency of his trips throughout the west, have given him a wide knowledge of the country, and he is also a shrewd, far-seeiDg observer, who is rarely mistaken in his esti mates of the resources and value of the sec tions mentioned. Jack pins his faith to the great country now being opened up by the Northern Pacific railroad. His description of it falls but little short of an earthly para dise. For stock, agricultural, and mines there is nothing equal to it on the continent. Grain produces thirty and forty bushels to the acre, while its vast mineral resources furnish a home market for its products, and the cattle are eagerly sought by Eastern buy ers at remunerative prices. The N. P. is the great factor in opening up the country north, and thousands of emigrants are taking up farms along its proposed route. The Leadville region, he says, is immense. Denver, under the influence of the vast amount of Eastern capital flowing into Col orado, is the liveliest city on the continent. Jack gives it as his deliberate opininion that half a million people will emigrate from the Eastern States into that locality, scattering from the mountains to Tombstone District in Arizona. It will be the wildest mining ex citement experienced since 1849. We have only space for a few points given by Mr. Gilmer during an interview this morning, but enough has been said to show his ideas, and we would place more faith in his opinions than that of any army of so-called mining experts . tm * m _ Typhoid Fever. [Sanitarian.] Typhoid fever is, of all diseases, pre-emi nently a filth disease, traceable with as much certainity as fire from smoke. Wherever it exists it points unequivocally to unremoved filth ; and is a disease, therefore, altogether and wholly preventable by proper sanitary measures. Notwithstanding, during the cen sus year of 1870, there were in the United States 22,187 preventable deaths from ty phoid fever. But, had there been the same ratio to the total population of the United States as in Philadelphia during Centennial year, the mortality from this cause would have been over 37,000. And this was far from being all, as regards Philadelphia. All over the country fatal cases of typhoid fever, and other diseases nearly allied to it, were attributable to the Centennial visitation, the neglected drainage, criminal insufficiency of water-closets and bad plumbing. These con ditions so prominently manifest at the Cen tennial, aDd apparently to an extraordinary degfee in Philadelphia even yet, as judged by the prevalence of typhoid fever, are, of all causes of mortality, the most criminal, because, the most easily preventable. Universal experience attest that water-closets inadequately provided with means for speedy and complete cleansing and aeration are pro lific sources of typhoid fever and kindred af fections in all temperate latitudes, and, with prevailing high temperature and moisture, of the still more deadly disease, yellow fever. And all the more dangerous are these con ditions because they are not infrequently the mean 9 of spreading that disease to distant places. The existence of typhoid fever or al lied diseases in any place is prima facie evi dence of filthy surroundings. Rainfalls and Forests. According to a paper in Polybiblian , the following are the laws of meteorology as af fected by forest ; 1. It rains more abundant ly, under identical circumstances, over for ests than non-wooded ground, and most abundantly over forests with trees in a green condition. 2. The degree of saturation of tbe air by moisture is greater above forests than over non-wooded ground and much greater over pinus sylvestris than over mass es of leaved species. 3. The leafage and branches of leafed trees intercept one-third and those of resinous trees the half, of the rain-water, which afterwards returns to the atmosphere by evaporation. On the other hand, these same leaves and branches re strain the evaporation of water which reach es the ground ; and that evaporation is near ly four times less under a mass of leafed for ests than in the open, and two and one-third times only under a mass of pines. 4. The laws of the change of temperature out of and under wood are similar to those which result from the observations of M. Mathieu. The general conclusion seems to he that forests regulate the function of water, and exercise on the temperature, as on the atmosphere, an effect of "pondération" and equilibrium. Havana Cigars of Paper. [From the Philadelphia Times.] Havana cigars are likely to advance in price for a rather good reason. Since last October straw paper bas gone up 75 per cent, and it is a fact that many of the so-called Havana cigars are made from this article, which is manufactured chiefly in New York 8tate. The straw paper is token to Cuba, saturated in a decoction made from the stems and refuse of the choice Havana seed leaf, and when properly treated with flavor iDg extracts, licorice root, senna, etc., makes a filling for cigars. Besides it burns with a pure white asb, precisely like that of tbe genuine leaf, unlike that yielded by any other material. Specimens of prepared paper seen in New York are described as closely resemb ling the leaf in appearance, taste and flavor. to of of by on in in to a be ed. of by the on for al ALL SORTS. A drought in parts of Cuba is reported and many cattle are dying. Gen. Sheridan wa9 so seasick on his gulf trip that he almost threw up his commission. Gen. Garfield is building himself a hand Bome and picturesque new house at Mentor, Ohio, having torn down the old one. Senator-elect Mahone, of Virginia, weighs only ninety pounds, beating Hon. .Alexander Stephens by a few ounces. New English racing rules: Id all cases the horse that comes in first shall be declared the winner, provided he is not a bloody Hamerican. There is a terrible famine at Mosul, Tur kish-Koordistan. Four thousand of the in habitants have fled to Bagdad, and hundreds are on tbe road. Wm. Steadman, law student at Marshall, Texas, killed himself, assigning as the cause the rejection of his application for admission to West Point two years ago. In a published letter President Woolsey, of Yale, argues strongly against the breaking of the national habit restricting the incum bency of one man in the presidency to two terms. —Tucson, a liitle place of 3,000 inhabit ants in Arizona Territory, which the South ern Pacific Railroad has just reached, dis putes with St. Augustine, Fla., the honor of being the oldest city in the United States. —Deadwood has an extensive water suit, and it is said that it isterrrible hard work to find anyone who knows anything about the element. They are perfectly at home on whiskey. —The Chicago Tribune receives $35,000 a column one year ; the New York bun and Herald each receives $39,723 a year for their cheapest column, and the price for preferred position is three times that ; the New York Tribuue receives for its lowest column, $37, 794, and for its highest $45,948, and these papers are never at a loss for an advertise ment to fill their columns. Their patronage comes not from any desire to assist their re spective papers, but from business men who find it profitable to advertise.—C/aVa^o Iri bune. - - - • j *— —Bill Nye, in writing to the Denver Tri bune, has this to say of some poems written by a Michigan girl : "My idea would be to take these poems snd remove the crown sheet, then put in new running gear, upset and brush the pitman, kalsomine the boiler plate, drill new holes in the eccentric, raise the posterior eccentric to a level with the gang plank, slide the ash pan forward of the monkey wrench, securing it by draw-bars to the top-gallant mizzen mast. Then, throw ing opeD the corfdénser, and allowing the cerrebullum to rest firmly against tbe vicar ious whippety-whop, fair time may be made on a gentle grade." The Sumner monument has been placed in Mount Auburn cemetery, near Boston. It is in form of a sarcophagus, built in three sections, and is seven feet long, four feet four inches wide and four feet six inches high. The base is well moulded, and the die finely polished, having columns with Ionic capitals and polished at the corners. On the die is inscribed "Charles Sumner," and on the reverse side, "Born January 7, 1811. Died March 11 1874," while the monogram is chiselled, having its mouldings enriched with architecural foli age. The material is fine white granite. The arithmetic men out West are getting in training for the next election. The Chicago Times computes that if Mr. Vanderbilt should constantly reinvest and compound his income from his present vast investments in Govern ment bonds, he might, without living to be a very old man, come to have the whole na tional debt owing to him. This seems a startling prediction—but tbe Buffalo Express pushes it a step further : "Suppose that Mr. Vanderbilt, having acquired the whole of our national mortgage, should take it into his head to foreclose ! Then, it is to be presum ed, he would bid in and own the whole United States." Norway must be;a sort of sportsman s paradise. Among the game which his gun can bring down are the tydder, roer, ryper and jerper, which are sufficiently outlandish to EDglish earn. The tydder is the bird known of old in Scotland by the name of capercailzie. The cock is a noble bird of the size of a turkeycock, with a bill and claws of great strength. The roer is the fe male, and in size, plumage and appearance different from the male that it has received a different name. The ryper is the Scottish ptarmigan, but large and better clothed. The jerper is a delicate bird for the table, of the grouse species, and about the sizé of a fnll-grown pigeon. Wood cocks are also abundannt and of delicious flavor. —Clarence King, the head of the Geolog ical survey, makes a request of Cong which the r^pid increase in mining invest ments throughout tbe country will cause^ to be received with general interest. Mr. King points out the fact that only a portion of our great mineral deposits are to be found on the public lands, to which the survey is restrict ed. An accurate and exhaustive presentation of the mineral resources and products of the country cannot be made unless the jurisdic tion is extended, as he proposes shall be done by joint resolution, to the whole territory of the United States. His idea would be, he states, to issue an annual volume of statistics on the subject. It is needless to say that such a'volume would be sought by the public with greater interest than usually attaches to Gov ernment Dublications. Mr. King predicts for some time in the future an annual miner al yield of $1,000,000,000.— N. T. Tribune.