Newspaper Page Text
ly I -î^Si J m /VI m ''WW to Volume xiv. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July i, 1880. No. mît FfBLIFHED EVERT THURSDAY MORKIRO. FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. ti rin Sin itnfeü OF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMS TOR TIIE DAILY HERALD. Szïii-erlHcrs (delivered by carrier) per month, (2 00 BY MAIL. to cony one month............................j 2 00 '.me copy three months.................... ..... ft 00 •ne copy nix mouths...................... *"' 9 po me copy or.e y car................. 18 00 TERMS TOR TIIE WEEKLY GERALD. fie year........................................f, 00 ' s months...................................... 3 00 rhree month«................................... 1 »50 MILL TENANTED. 0 <i honst», how desolate thy life! Nay, liie and death alike have lied ; Nor thrift, nor any song within, Nor daily thought for daily bread. The dew ip nightly on thy heart. Yet something sweeter to thee clings, And some who enter think they hear The murmur of departing wings. No doubt w ithin the chambers there— Not by the wall nor through the gate, 1 ncounted tenants come, to whom The house is not so desolate. To them the walls are white and warm. The chimneys lore the laughing flame, Tin- bride and groom take happy hands, The new-born babe awaits a mtue. Who knows what far-off jouiDeyera At night return with winged leet, To coo! their fever in the brook, Or haunt the meadow, clover sweet ? And yet the morning mowers find No footprints in the grass they mow ; The water's clear, unwritten song Is not of things that come and go. Tis not forsaken rooms alone That unseen people Jove to tread, Nor in the moments only when Tl>e day's eluded cares are dead. To every home, or high or low. Some uuiinagincd guests repair. v\ ho come unseen to break and bless The bread and oil they never share. TO THE FIRST MOSQUITO. Sing, sing, sing, With gossamer wing, Ethereal tiling, Even the sadness Of niter madness Iiardly explains The moral declension. The physical tension, The awful suspension Racking the brains. Bite, bite, bite, Entrancing delight Enduring the night, Pain without ceasing. Ever incre&i-lng, Sharpens the bill. When I would compass thee, When I thy doom would be, Still thou escapest me— Drinking thy fill. Sing, sing, sing, With gossamer wing, Ethereal thing, Soon will the morning, See thee in mourning For thy misdeeds. Then will my triumph b», Then I will punish thee For persecuting me— Words will be deeds. Cure of Col In. At this season many farmers are putting young horses at hard work for the first time. Great care should be observed in handling them. Not one man out of ten is judiciously gentle, and yet wisely firm in breaking colts, l here is liable to be too much haste. The surplus horses have been sold off since last year, and if the work presses there is of course an anxiety not to lose time. Never theless it is a good rule to make haste slowly. Bring out the muscular powers of the young horse by degrees. Do not forget that he is young, green and nervous, just like a boy sent for the first time into the harvest field. If too much work is required at first, the colt, no matter how good his disposition naturally is, will become discouraged, and will hate his work, and dread the sight of the harness. To avoid such results, let him stand in the stall, with the harness on. Drive him around the lot with another horse alongside. When taken out for a days' hauling in the field, give him a little feed of barley or hay several times through the day, or in fact whenever he seems to act as if worried. You can't make a raw colt pull and toil in the same spirit as an old horse does. Bring him to realizing sense of the labors of this world by patience and good nature. Colts treated thus keep their spirit, wear much better, and are worth more either to keep or to sell. !■ <4-- A Woman on the Tramp. The Silver State (Nevada) says a woman is tramping across the continent. She has been °n the Humbolt Division for a week past. She carries a bundle in which she has cloth ing and provision, asks do favors of anybody. At night she cooks her meals, and tramps it &long the road during the day, making on an average of from twenty-five to thirty miles a Jay. Near Carlin one of the train men told her that perhaps she could get a pass if she asked Superintendent Coddington for it. She replied that she wanted none, and when she desired to ride would purchase a ticket What object she has in spending months in tramp ing across the continent no one along the road has been able to ascertain, as she seemed deter mined not to be intervie wd. the its to in their this a like but times tail after for ont sun our late West and Complimentary Mention in General Orders. Headquarters District of tub Yellowstone, I Fokt Custer, M. T., June 14th, 1880. / General Orders , No. 3 : The district com mander knows no better nor more gratifying way of conveying to the troops the commen dation of the Department Commander than by publishing the following letters entire : HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF DAKOTA,) ST. Paul, Minn., May 29th, 1SS0. f Commanding Offieer iJistjid of Ytllowntone , Sir The Department Commander has re ceived and read with very great satisfaction the report of Captain F. D. Baldwin, 5th In fantry, of the operations of companies I and K, 5th Infantry, uodcr his command from the 4th to the 12th and 13th of March, 1880. The long marches made by these troops by night and by day, in the most inclement month of the year, detached at one time from theirj train for four days with no rations, blankets or shelter, other than that carried on their ponies; their rapid march of 120 miles in 30 hours on discovery of the enemy's trail, the last 30 miles at a trot and a run, and this, too, one day after their rations had become exhausted ; and, finally the successful termi nation of this long pursuit in an encounter with the hostile party and capture of all their animals except those which they rode, show that these troops have been ably handled and have most faithfully answered the demands upon them for extraordinary service. That the hostile Indians, managed under fire and mounted, to break through the thin line by which alone they could be surrounded, leav ing behind them everything save the animals which they rode, does no discredit to these troops. The Department Commander is satisfied that they did everything possible for any troops to do, and they are entitled to the full meed of praise of their superiors. lie desires you to express fully his acknowledgments for this service to Captain Baldwin, 5th Infantry, commanding, Lieutenants Bowen and Liggett, 5th Infantry, and Company R, 5th Infantry, who were engaged with him, and Lieutenant Borden and Company I, 5th Infantry, who participated in and contributed to the success of the operations. I am, sir. very respectfully, Your obedient servant. GKO. D. RUQGLE8, Assistant Adj. Gen. Headquarters Department of Dakota,) St. Paul, Mini)., June 4. 1880. f Commanding Officer District of the Yellow stone : 8ir :—The Department Commander has received and read with very great satisfac tion the reports of Captains Huggins and Hamilton, and Lieutenants Coale and Clark, 2d Cavalry, and Captain Ovenshine, 5th In fantry, of operations in the District of the Yellowstone in March last, under orders from District Headquarters for a combined movement against a party of hostile Indians. The energy of these troops in making marches of extraordinary length at the most inclement season of the year, and in over coming all obstacles in the way of a rapid search for the enemy ; the excellent conduct of affairs by Captain Huggins and Lieutenant Coale, 2d Cavalry, after they bad found the trail ; the rapidity of their pursuit, continued after their meat rations had become exhaust ed and little else had been left foi them to subsist upon, and kept up, despite the jaded condition of their animals, until the enemy had been overtaken and encountered ; the capture of the enemy's herd and five prison ers of his party ; and the gallantry displayed Captain Huggins, Lieutenants Coale and Brett, 2d Cavalry, Lieutenant Kislingbury, 11th Infantry A. A. burgeon T. H. Terry, J. Campbell, v^bief of Scorns, from Fort Custer, ano the enlisted men and Indian scouts engaged w ith them,—merits and re ceives from the Department Commander the expression of his highest commendation. lie 1 ir 9 had occasion many times to ac knoweldge the fine fighting and campaign qualities of the troops in the District of Yellowstone, and he feels that the ex cellent reputation acquired by them in the is fully sustained by the record of their more recent operations. I am, sir very respectfully Your obedient servant, GEO. D. RUGGLES, Ass'stant Adj. Gen. J. W. DAVIDSON. Col. 2d Cav. Com. Diet, Tbnt Comet. in of He fall up had The pay at at to our his now pose end. he of of in ing in cheap week. the the wards a the classes was tute that Speaking of the coming comet an exchange : It begins to look as though the new' comet, which promised soon after its dis covery in April to become speedily a very brilliant object, may, after all, pass through solar system without being visible to the naked eye. It is calculated that it will pass perihelion, or point of nearest approach the sun, about July 1, and that it will be nearest to the earth and most brilliant early November. The history of comets, how shows that they are apt to be erratic in behavior, »nd it is not impossible that one, when it arrives in the immediate neighborhood of the sun, may burst out into blaze of cometary splendor like that which astonished Tycho Brahe in 1576. Comets, peacocks, would not be very remarkable for their tails, and comets' tails some grow with enormous rapidity. The of the comet of 1843 increased in length it passed its perihelion, at the rate of 33,000,000 miles a dav. So there is yet room hope that the visitor who is journeying of the north to pay his respects to the may bring with him a royal train to »dorn skies and make his visit memorable." The rank of distinguished Generals in the war at the time they were graduated at Point if« officially given as follows: Sherman, 6 ; Roeencrane. 5 ; Gilmore, 1 ; McPherson, 1 ; Grant, 31 ; Sheridan, 34 ; Custer, 35. large this Frost, 28th when has into trict thirty isiana, while one. in the wears, be is by a body would Indeed, horse shows know years, they terviewed ingly, flis man the GartielcTs Early Elfe. In his seventeenth year young Garfield se cured employment on the Ohio canal, and from driver on the tow-path rose after a time to be boatman. The irregular life disagreed with him, and the fall of 1848 found him back under his mother's roof, slowly recover ing from a three month's siege of fever and ague. Up to this time he would seem to have cherished little ambition lor anything beyond the prospects offered by the laborious life he had entered. But it happened that this w inter the district school was taught by a promising young man named Samuel D. Bates (since an esteemed minister of the Gospel at Marion, Ohio.) He had attended a high school in an adjacent township known as the Geauga Seminary, with the proselyting spirit com mon among young men in the backwoods who were beginning to taste the pleasures of education, he was very anxious to take back several new students with him. Garfield listened and was tempted. He had intended to become a sailor on the lakes, but he was yet too ill to carry out this plan, and so he finally resolved to attend the high school one term, and postpone sailing unlil the Dext fall. That resolution made a scholar, a Major General and a Congressman out of him. in stead of a sailor before the matt on a Lake Erie schooner. Early in March, 1849, vqung Garfield reach ed Chester, the site of the Geauga Academy in company with a cousin and another young man from his native village. They carrieo with them frying-pans and dishes, as well as their few school books. Being too poor to pay for boarding, they were to board them selves. They rented a room in an old un painled frame house near the academy, and went to work. Garfield bought the second alge be had ever seen and began it. English gram mar, natural philosophy and arithmetic made up the list of his studies. His mother had scraped together a little sum of money to aid him at the start, which she gave him with her blessing when he left her. After that he never had a dollar in his life that he did not earn. As soon as he began to feel at home in his classes he sought among the carpenters of the village tor employment at his trade. He worked mornings, eveniDgs and Satur days, and thus earned enough to pay his way When the summer vacation came he had a longer interval for work, and so when the fall term opened he had money enough laid up to pay his tuition and give him a start again. By the end of this fall term young Garfield had made such progress that the lad of eigh teen thought he was able to teach a district school. Then his future seemed easy to him. The fruits of the winter's teaching were enough with his economical management to pay his expenses for the spring and fall terms at the academy. Whatever he could make in addition to his mornings' and evenings' work at the carpenter trade would go to swell an other fund, the need of which he had begun to feel. For the backwoods lad, village carpenter, towpath canal hand, would-be sailor, had now resolved to enter college. "It is a great point gained," he wrote years afterward, "when, in our hurrying times, a young man makes up his mind to devote several years to the ac complishment of a definite work." It was so now in his own case. With a definite pur pose before him, he began to save all his money and to save all his exertions to the one end. Through the summer vacation of 1850 he worked at his trade, helping to roof and weatherboard houses within a stone's throw the academy benches on which he had re cently been construing Latin. At the opening the next session he was able to rise a little the world ; he could now abandon board ing himself. But he was thereby indulging no extravagance. He found boarding, lodging and washing at some miraculously cheap house for one dollar and six cents per week. The next winter he taught again ; then, in spring, removed to Hiram, and attended "Institute," over which he was after wards to preside. So he continued, teaching term each winter, attending school through spring and fall, and keeping up with his classes by private study duriDg the time he absent. Before he left the Hiram Insti he was the finest Latin and Greek scholar school had ever sein. Yontin Men In Congress. The present House contaius an unusually large number of youngsters. The palm in direction is carried off by Richard G. Frost, of St. Louis, who only completed his year la9t month, and who first ran for Congress in 1876, tailing of an election then, when he was under 25. Taylor of the first Tennessee district, the young lawyer, who the reputation of having fiddled his way the House, carrying a Republican dis by sheer force of popularity among the mountaineers of East Tennessee, will not be thirty until next July, and Acklen, of Lou isiana, is only a couple of months his senior, while Speer, of Georgia, is little over thirty Frost is a very boyish looking fellow the light business suit which he usually wears, and it would not be at all strange if is sometimes mistaken for one of the pages a colleague, as he not unfrequeDtly is by spectators. Speer looks so young that no who should see him outside his seat suppose he was a member of Congress. Indeed, a little incident which occurred in a car going np Capitol hill recently, that not all bis fellow members yet him as a law maker. A scholarly rep resentative from Ohio, of nearly twice his fell into conversation with him, bat had not talked long before the westerner, apparently suspecting that he was being in terviewed "unbeknownst." remarked inquir "You're a journalist, aren't you, sir ? ' surprise mav be imagined when the young replied, "No, sir ; I am a member of House fiom Georgia." lant tion be Mr. cally by the al ing made his out used ron like his ing young much young very notice for aunt but Prince I very GARFIELD'S STUART. How he got his First Political Nomination. [From th'3 Akron (Ohio) Beacon.) The elevation of General James A. Garfield to the highest oflice in the gilt of the people of Ohio, gives occasion for some interesting reminiscences concerning his advent into political life. Summit county peuple may teel a just pride that his introduction into public life was bis nomination as State Sena tor from this, the 20lli senatorial district, composed of tlie counties of Summit and Portage, and Akron people may rind some additional cause for local pride in the fact that about his first political speech after his nomination was delivered at Grace Park, in this city. For these facts in the case the Beacon is in debted to the tiles of the Weekly Beacon , and to the recollections of Hon. N. W. Goodhue, Judge N. D. Tibbals and ex-Governor Sidney Edgerton. Pursuant to call a convention of Senatorial delegates assembled in Franklin Mills, (now Kent,) Portage county, on the 23d ot Au gust, 1859, to place in nomination a Repub lican candidate for State Senator from this district. D. L. Rockwell, of Franklin Mills, called the convention to order, and John Johnston, of Summit, was elected chairman ; Frederick Williams, of Portage, vice president, and C. B. Bernard, of Summit, and Hiram Giddings, of Portage, secretaries. The report of the committee on credentials showed 27 delegates present from Portage and 28 from Summit. In accordance with the rule of alternating the nominations between the two counties—a rule for the first time broken over in the re cent unanimous renominalion of Senator Beebe—the chairman of the Poi taire county delegation reported the name of James A. Garfield, of Hiram, as their choice. A. H Lewis moved that the nomination be made by acclamation, which was carried, and Mr. Garfield, who was present, briefly returned his thanks for the compliment. After trans acting some other business the convention adjourned. One week later, namely, on the 30th of August, a grand Republican mass meeting was held in Grace Park, this city, addressed by Governor Salmon P. Chase. At the con clusion of his address, which was two and a half hours in length, Mr. Garfield was intro duced as "our candidate for State Senator.' Here is what the Summit county Beacon of August 31st, 1859, says of him : 'After Mr. Chaee, Mr. Garfield, the Re publican candidate for senator, was called lor and in brief terms addressed the convention. He vindicated the old Protestant principle— the right of private judgment—applying it with admirable adroitness and tact to the cir cumstances of this time and this political emergency. Mr. Garfield is a ready, fluent speaker. Fluent he is, but every word carries its thought. No public speaker within our acquaintance uses fewer empty figures of speech or utters more weighty thoughts in apt and expressive words." The person of whom these words were written by Mr. A. H. Lewie, then editor of the Bacon , was a young man not yet 28, somewhat "green" as the world goes, but from his experience as Principal of Hiram Academy, as a Disciple preacher and some what as a political stumper, a ready, impress ive and and forcible speaker. He was poss essed of a remarkably warm and affectionate temperament and with difficulty restrained his natural exhuberance of manner in the presence of others where its exhibition would have made him appear ridiculous. While this w T as his first nomination for any public position, it would not be strictly true to say that he was comparatively unknown, as his merits were pretty freely canvassed in both counties preyious to the convention. On the occasion of his visit to Akron above referred Jo, he was accompanied by O. P. Brown, Esq., of Ravenna, and the two were entertained at the hospitable home of N. W. Goodhue Efq. To Mr. BrowD, who was a man of great sagacity and who made a gal run for the Congressional nomination in 1857, tieing through many ballots the conven at Uniontown, Stark county, which finally nominated Gov. Edgerton, may justly given very much of the credit for bringing Garfield's claims before the public and of turning his great abilities in the direction of affairs of State. Brown wielded great in fluence in Portage county, and it was practi at his dictation that Garfield was named their delegation over severa' others of greater prominence who undoubtedly desired nomination. Nor did Summit county's claims on Gener Garfield begin there, for it was while serv as steersman on the Ohio Canal that he the decision one ni^ht to jump from boat upon a convenient bridge and 6tart to get an education, and it was from the Tallmadge coal mines, we are informed, by County Surveyor R. S. Paul, that Garfield to haul coal to Cuyahoga Falls and Ak for Mr. Paul's father, County Surveyor, Hosea Paul, Sr., in which period of his ex istence the embryo statesman used to swear a trooper and could "lick" anybody of size in that section. — m -- A Picture of Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria's attitude at a recent draw room reception is thus described by a lady presented to her : "I was very disappointed," says this irreverent lady, "she seemed so small and insig nificant. She did not smile at all, bnt looked cross. She did not take the slightest of me. beyond holding ont her baud me to kiss, not saying anything. My had to courtesy as she passed the Queen she did not take any notice; but the of Wales and the others spoke to aunt didn't like kissing her hand at all. I'm glad it's all over.' 1 a is did ants pear the to The the shall are; this they 6uch erect wieh died, any dren, ted no of in will the men GARF1ELÜ. Extract From II(g Firm Speech in the Hoatcof KcprrNcntativc«. [Cincinnati Commercial.] The first speech that Gen. Garfield in the house was in reply to Hon. Alex. Long of this city, who advocated the recognition of the sothern confederacy. Garfield began his reply to Long by saying he was reminded of the characters connected with the revolution. The first was Lord Facrfax, who felt it his duty to go with the mother country, and Benedict Arnold, who was a traitor to his country's cause. Lee was the Lord Fairfax, and went with his State. Continuing, he said: "But now, when tens of thousands of brave souls have gone up to God under the shades of the tlag; when thousands more mai med and shattered in the contest, and sadly awaiting the deliverance of death; now, when three years of terrific warfare have ra ged over us, when armies have pushed the re bellion back over mountains and rivers and crowded it into narrow limits until a roll of tire girds it; now, when the uplifted hand of a magnetic people is about to burl the bolts of conquering power upon the rebellion; now in the quiet of this hall, hatched in the low est depths of a similar dark treason, there ri ses a Benedict Arnold and proposes to sur render all up, body and spirit, the nation and the flag, its genia9 and its honor, now and forever to the accursed traitors of our coun try ! And that propositon comes—God for give and pity my beloved Slate—it comes from a citizen of the time-honored and loy al commmonwealth of Ohio. I implore you, brethren in this house, to believe that not many births ever gave pangs to my mother State such as she suffered when that traitor was born. I beg yon not to believe that on the soil of that State another such growth has ever deformed the face of nature and darkened the light of God's day. — «■» ►* ■ General Grant. [Duboque Time«.] It is ud fortunate for General Grant that he permitted the use of his name at this time as a candidate for President. His defeat is not to be taken as a reflection upon him, nor is it any evidence that he ha9 lost the confidence or the affection of his countrymen. It is a protest against a third Presidential term, and the tradition that no man, however great or distinguished, can be elected President three times may now be regarded as settled with all the sanction of the highest law. We care not to revive the bitterness of the past discussion ; we look forward and not backward ; we call upon every true Republi can to rally to the support of General Gar field, for the cause is greater than any man can be. General Grant was in a false posi tion, and mistook the enthusiastic welcome of the people for a call to the Presidency. It was in fact personal. Of courte much of it had a politigaLmeaning, but the convention has proven io the country and to Gen. Grant that opposition to a third term is not merely a sentiment, but a principle. There are friends of General Grant who like ourselves opposed the third term, who hold him in as high regard as those who voted and worked for him at Chicago. We have as great an interest in his fame and treasure his reputation with a pride as great as any of his advocates, and we rejoice that he has escaped the nomination, the calumnies and vituperation of. the canvass, the heart burnings and the anxiety of the coming con test. If any man can be congratulated on defeat, that man is General Grant. We do Dot say that he would have been beaten at the polls, but there was some danger of it, and that disaster would have been a personal sorrow to a vatu majority of the soldiers who fought under his command. Defeated for a nomination in a convention of his own party nothing, but to have been defeated at the polls would have 6eemed to them like a re versal of the victory at Appomattox. For these reasons we are glad that he did not re ceive the nomination. Thomas Jefferson's Grave. [From the Cincinnati Enquirer. An Associated Press dispatch last week not give acurately '.he conditions upon which the heirs of Thomas Jefferson have agreed to relinquish the burial ground at Mon ticello to the Government of the United States. They do not claim that his descend ants to the latest generation must be allowed sephulture there, as would ap pear from that statement. The owners of lot have prepared and submitted to the Government a deed which they are ready execute, which is conditioned as fellows. conveyance is made subject, however, to express proviso and conditions following: That the remains of Thomas Jefferson shall never be removed from where they now that the remains of the other persons whose graves are within the lot conveyed by deed shall be allowed to remain where are, with the privilege of the relatives of persons to remove such remains or to monuments over such graves if they shall to do so; that the remains of such of the grandchildren of Thomas Jefferson as have or as are now living, or the remains of bnsband or wife of any such grandchil "but the remains of no other person whatsoever, may be buried within the lot aforesaid, and that monuments may be erec over the graves of such persons, and that inclosure shall be made around the grave Thomas Jefferson which shall not include it the rest of the family graveyard." As be perceived, this demands no right of sepulture to the heirs of Mr. Jefferson's grandchildren. The Burlington Baxekeye, which was a fanatic on Grant, says that Garfield is one of mrv=t conspicuous and successful public of this age.