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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1880. THE ISSUES OF THE CARFAIUY. We have not yet seen the Democratic plat form adopted at Cincinnati, and the telegraph has been very reticent in communicating its leading points further than its insistence on Tilden's election in 1870. But the issues are not to be drawn generally from the platform of parties so much as from their history. Actions always speak louder than words, and much more truthfully. - The Democratic party has been in a majority'in the House of Representatives for nearly six years, and in the Senate as well for two sessions. Here they have made their record, by which they cannot refuse to be tried if they would. They have spent more money for investigations than in all the years before since our govern ment began to exist. If the Republican party has been corrupt and extravagant they have had every opportunity in the world to show the fact. In what single instance have these investigations turned out as they predicted and desired ? They have been frantic preach ers of economy, but what has it amounted to besides piling up deficiency bills and demor alizing every branch of the public service by leaving them to run for a time on credit. Against the army the particular spite of the party has been most persistently manifested Everything that could be devised to reduce its strength and destroy its efficiency has been tried, although during all of that time we have had Indian wars that required-double the army we have had to manage with any thing like adequate protection to frontier set tiers. So fearful has this party been that the army might be employed to check the diver sions of shooting negroes and stuffing ballot boxes at the South that a deaf ear has been turned to the cries of the ravaged frontiers, and hundreds of lives have paid the costly .penalty of neglect. All this cry for free elections has had this aim and meaning, that they might perpetrate violence and fraud without hindrance, obser vation or punishment, and that they might carry on their illicit distillation of whisky by moonlight without interruption. And now this party that has warred so incessantly against the army, that has tried to disband, degrade, banish, annihilate it, because they recognize among the officers the men who fought most successfully for the Union, very consistently turns in and nominates for Pres ident one who has always been connected with the army and has no civil record at all. Having tried heretofore to make pets of those generals who emerged with tarnished reputa tions, as McClellan and Fitz-John Porter, they now T seek one with a more brilliant rec ord, thinking to illume the darkness of their cause with lustre won on Union battlefields. Is it to be expected that soldiers who risked their lives to save the government and nation al existence will now by their votes seek to undo what they did so grandly, and give over that government to be officered and adminis tered by its sworn enemies ? Will Union sol diers risk their pensions to be voted to them by their enemies ? Are they prepared to see their support voted by a grateful nation put in peril or divided by their enemies ? This is one of the issues of the campaign, made such by the nomination of ah Union General with the sole and single purpose to catch some of-the votes of Union soldiers. The financial issue is in the same condition. Having done all that could be done to pre vent resumption and substitute unlimited in flation, now that resumption is a fixed fact and prosperity has been re-established in place of ruin, as predicted, the Democracy turn in and nominate hard money men, hoping to es cape the odium of their past professions and actions and share in the popularity of a sound and solid currency. The Democracy must be tried by the issues made by its representatives in Congress at the extra session. Is party conversion to be assumed complete by the mere nomination of men conspicuous for op position to the principles of the majority ? The nominees do not constitute the issues, nor do the platforms faithfully reflect them. The party policy is to be traced by the votes The party policy is to be traced by the votes and measures of recent date in Congress. General Garfield has requested General Logan to accept the chairmanship of the Na tional Republican Committee, but the latter feels that the place should be occupied by some other member of the committee, aDd if possible, by an original Garfield man. The matter will be determined at the meeting in Now York. Senator Brcoe, the first colored man to preside over the Senate of the United States and a National Convention, has been success ful, not only in politics but in business. He owns two large plantations on the Mississippi river, is currently reported to be worth $200, 000, and, unlike some other Southern negroes of wealth and influence in politics, his char acter has always been good. The Carson Appeal tells this When the • widow of Mark Hopkins heard that the as sessed valuation of her estate was aboijt to be raised to $15,000,000 she told the grocer to quit bringing white crushed sugar, and sup ply her with the common brown brand, as the outlook was very discouraging. Garfield is of Welsh and Arthur of Irish descent, and both are Frée Mason 3 . is in the HOW TO BREAK THE SOLID SOUTH. The existence of sectional parties is an un doubted evil. It was one against which the Father of his Country, the immortal Wash ington, warned bis countrymen in his latest years and almost with his latest breath, fore seeing perhaps the great struggles that were destined to imperil, if not destroy, the great republic over whose birth and cradle he had watched with more than parental solicitude. The growth of that terrible cancer, human slavery, compelled the formation of such a party at the North, and men of peace pre ferred civil war, with all its cost and horrors, rather than that the slave power should be any longer a mill-stone about the neck of Liberty. Slavery might have been abolished gradually without sacrifice of wealth or blood if the South would have consented, but it is absolutely certain that the South would never have voluntarily consented. They seized the sword and perished by the sword. They came out of the contest having lost their slaves and their wealth, and after having dot ted the broad surface of our land with pre mature graves and filled with mourning nearly every household in the country. For a time they were willing to confess themselves defeated and accept the results of the war in good faith. But for the murder of Lincoln and the treachery of Andrew Johnson it is probable that reconstruction at the South would have been effected in a very different manner. The North judged per haps unfairly that all the white people at the South w r ere still traitors at heart, and that in order to secure a loyal population in that sec tion the ballot must be given with restriction, qualification and preparation to the enfran chised slaves. The blacks, unused to the ex ercise of civil rights, through ignorance and want of proper leadership, made in some re spects a bad use of power. It is a poor con dition of society where ignorance assumes to govern intelligence, and where the poor rule the men of property, make the laws and levy the taxes ; where a people lately servile are placed in authority over their late masters. It brought about a social and civil war of races, not a regular or general and open war, but none the less a war, which is not yet sup pressed, a war in which thofisands of lives have been lost, a war in which the negro has been again subdued, reduced not to his for mer state of legalized bondage, but virtually disfranchised and only allowed partial liberty upon condition of totally abstaining from public affairs. The experiment was tried for a time of maintaining the negro in the exer cise of his legal right of suffrage by use of national troops. This use of military power seemed so foreign to the spirit and nature of our government, so kept alive the prejudice of the races, that it not only failed of its di rect object, but became repugnant to the sen timent of a majority of the people of the North. The troops were withdrawn, and the feeble fabric of negro suffrage, with nothing but legality to sustain it, tottered and fell. The power of the Southern whites in their own section became supreme by violence and fraud. That supremacy to-day stands on no other basis over great portions of the South. When the terror and despair that they have inspired are insufficient to secure the ends the old methods are held in reserve. Where at the last election there were three States that gave their electoral votes for the Republican candidate, there is not a probable chance that there will be a single vote to-day. Southern men have become much too wise to boast aloud of their purpose, but they are as deter mined as fate that the blacks shall never re sume power on any condition. Is the contest to be abandoned here and now ? Is there no further use for the Repub lican party? Is its mission ended ? If so, any Redublican thinks so, he must be a poltroon and unworthy of the noble name and mission of that party. If its career is over it has miserably failed of its high aim. has, as the case now stands, doubled the influence and power of the Southern whites the national government and very little im proved the ccidition and prospects of the blacks. It is. only by combining and uniting against the solid South an equally solid North that the danger can be averted of remitting the whole power of the country into the same hands that controlled it before the war. So far as wielding the powers of the nation for the benefit of the South, there is more danger from Hancock than there would have been from Bayard. Hancock, if elected at all, would owe it principally to the South, and as in his administration of the military govern ment in Texas and Louisiana he easily fell into the hands of Southern men, who did with him as they liked, so will it be if the people of the country trust still larger powers into his hands. Just so long as the South remains solid there is ample reason for the North to present just as unbroken a front. There is absolutely no other way left to break up Southern solidity and rescue the negro from re-enslavement except by making it a condition precedent that the North shall con tinue solid till the South voluntarily breaks and does justice to the negro. The method is indirect, but apparently the only one left. It is estimated that from July Î, 1880 to June 3, 1881, 7,500 recruits will be needed to replace soldiers who quit the service by rea son of death, discharge and desertion. With in the last eighteen months about 1,000 have been discharged by order of the Secretary of War. Of these at least twenty-five per cent, enlisted under false pretenses. The sum ap propriated by Congress is $75,000, a sum $50,000 less than the amount asked for by the Secretary of War.. STILE CARVING THE TURKEY. A suplementary Berlin convention was're cently in session to draw a codicil to the famous treaty which divided the spoils of war among the non-combatants. Some points were then left indefinite and continue so to this day. One was the northern boundary of Greece. At the instance of France, which was too far away to make any direct demand of territory, the little kingdom of Greece was introduced to favor as quite willing for a slice of old Thessaly to give her a scientific fron tier to the north. The concession was grant ed, but to this day has not been carried into effect. It seemed the policy of Beaconsfield to leave it entirely to the Sultan to execute this provision or not as he chose, and quite naturally he chose not to execute it. Since Gladstone assumed the guidance of English policy, matters have taken another turn. He has heartily united with the other powers to insist on the fulfillment of this concession to Greece. The French Minister has drawn the line and the great powers have formally ap proved, while poor Turkey has no alternative but accept. With a significance that Turkey well understands and respects more than treaties and promises, the fleets of several of the great powers have been assembling in the Eastern Mediterranean to observe the progress of events. King George of Greece has been making a tour of the principal European capitals and has created a favorable impression generally. This has something to do with the settlement. There is a sentimental attachment to the for tunes of that little kingdom which bears a name so famous in history, though the mod ern Greeks have done little to sustain the il lustrious name they have inherited. The new accession of territory includes the fa mous pass of Thermopylæ, which the hero ism of Leonidas once consecrated to eternal glory. The line of division crosses the high est summits of Olympus and Pindus, where Jupiter used to hold his court. America has always manifested a great in ter* st in the fortunes of Greece, and will bail with delight her readmission among the liv ing nations. We cordially wish that it may continue to expand as it advances, that the old classical names may be restored, and the old days of glory, eloquence, poetry, and philoso phy may reappear. A CHAPTER OF ACCIDENT». The old adage seems to receive fresh con firmation that "misfortunes never come sin gle. Another fearful steamboat accident on Long Island Sound, following so close upon that of the Narragansctt, will rather recon cile our people to the misfortunes of their in land situation as they contemplate the perils of those who go down to do business or seek pleasure upon the great deep. Overland coaches and bucking, fractious cayuses are not always pleasant modes of travel, but there is some grateful sense of safety in hav ing terra firma m close sight and reach. It is very evident that present laws are very in sufficient for the proper protection of life and the prevention of fatal accidents. Speed and cheapness of travel are sought after to the sacrifice of safety, and the lessons that should be learned from oft recurring accidents are never learned. Perhaps the quick succession of such fearful losses on the Sound may deepen and strengthen impressions so that good may result. SLANDER ANSWERED. The most complete and convincing reply to the charges circulating in the Democratic press of the country of the corrupt use of official positions by Garfield end Arthur is the fact that they are poor men to-day, of simple and inexpensive habits. With oppor tunities to have enriched themselves, as hun dreds of others have done whose integrity passes ^challenged, their empty hands testi fy more strongly than aught else could to their cleanliness. They have been too busy in the public service to make money for them selves, and the slanderous shafts aimed at them will fall harmless at their feet and can be hurled back with fatal effect. Garfield has by some been accused of being a salary grabber. The fact is that after haviug op posed it at every stage, when the bill became a law he returned the extra compensation to the Treasury and never touched a cent of it. On every charge he has been tiied over and over again by friend and foe, honorably ac quitted and fully vindicated. Late Arrivals via the Missouri. The steamers Butte and Rosebud, which arrived at Benton last week, brought the fol lowing cabin passengers : BUTTE. Mrs Gates, Miss McQuillan, Miss Kenni cott, Miss Eva LaMonte, Miss Pearl Edwards, Miss Terry, Col Hughes and lady, A S Dun can, R Branat, W fl Bullard, H R Worm wood, A 8 Noble, Win Birely, Win Bur bridge, C F Cunningham, B J Bell, Jos Har ris, Samuel Traster, O G Flood, Horace Flood, Seldon Scammons, W Smart, John Mazfield, Robt Miller. ROSEBUD. Mr and Mrs La Follet, John Weddell, A S Weddell, J M Sturgeon, O S St John, A J Abliner. Wm Miracle, A E Davis, T G Hil- sey, Jas Mead, P Dougherty, P Edsol, Nat Singleton, A Anderson, H B McDonald, Mrs H B McDonald, E P Rodgers, J Hamaker, Lon Rodgers, Qynis Scott, S R Conger, G AI Carlile, Jos Rhodes. P N Gougb, J C Axtell, Mrs J C Axtell. Major Irvine, N W M P, Capt Clark, NWM P, and wife, 49 recruits for N W M P. - m -« »» ^ - Prince Leopold and his sister, Princess Louise, have'been invited to visit Cincinnati by the Mayor, who calls that city "the center of musical culture in America." in as of this 14, of have 0 f OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. Serenade to Gen. Garfield— Adjournment of Congress— Washington's Census. * A Remarkable Event in the History of Gen. Garfield. Washington, D. C., June 17, 1880. The serenade to General Garfield at his hotel last night was a brilliant affair. Al though but a short time was allowed for pre parations, the affair will rank as one of the most successful political demonstrations ever held in the city of Washington. There were 10,000 people in attendance, and the enthusi asm and cheers at the mention of prominent names was deafening. Speeches were made by Attorney-General Devens, Gen. Garfield, Hon. George M. Robeson, ex-Secretary of the Navy, and now a Representative, Senator Williams of Wisconsin, General Logan, and others. Altogether the affair was a complete success, and the enthusiasm in this truly na tional city is an index of the feeling of Re publicans all over the land. The Democratic mud-slingers who bave been seeking to injure General Garfield by a republication of SGandals forgotten and dis proved long ago, have got to work early this year. They have, in fact, burnt all their powder before the battle. The charge of General Garfield being implicated in the Credit Mobilier, criminally, is denied by Judge Black, a prominent Democrat, and the salary-grab, and De Golyer pavement charges have been nailed as lies. It is the chief en deavor of the Democrats to put the Repub licans upon the defensive in the matter of General Garfield's record. But as his record needs no defense some one will bè disap pointed. Congress adjourned yesterday. The clos ing scenes w'ere very quiet and unusually or derly. The Senate remained in executive session until within a few minutes of the ad journment hour. The House did noihhg of importance, but sat waiting patiently until the clock struck 12 m. With the close of this Congress, remembered as it will be for its exhibition of Democratic blunders and ne glect of the public business, let us hope that the reign of the Democratic majority is end ed. They have passed no law's for the public good, but on the contrary thfir efforts have been directed only to secure party advantage and to attack those industries which have grown up under and been fostered by the Re publican party. The President's veto of the Deputy Marshals bill was not read in the Senate, but the Marshals will be appointed according to law and their salaries paid by public-spirited citizens. x The census of the District of Columbia has been completed, and shows a ppoulation of 175,000—a large increase over the census of 1870. Congress, a few days before adjournment, passed a law granting pensioners receiving a pension of $50 per month, an increase to $72 per month. PHIL. Washington D. C., June 19th 1880. The return to this city of the Republican standard bearer James A. Garfield has in spired a continued scene of receptions, and ovations. The public serenade tendered him was the most generous, enthusiastic and in point of numbers ever given at the Capital to any of our public men. For twenty years James A. Garfield amid all the excitements, conflicts and stuggles, through which our na tion has passed, has stood and battled man fully for freedom, liberty and Country. With a record pure and untarnished it is no won der that his name should have a talismanic influence that rouses the masses everywhere "like a clarion bugle call." We who have known him intimately remember many inci dents in his public career not familiar to the general public. On the morning of the first anniversary of the assassination of Lincoln, April 14, 1866, Andrew Johson with no pre vious notice, published io the morning pa pers an order closing the Departments. Con gress and the President were at logerheads, because of Johnson's infidelity to his party. Fifteen minutes to the hour for Congress to assemble Speaker Colfax called at Garfield's Committee room and^said "I give 3 7 ou just fifteen minutes to prepare a speech I desire you to make upon a motion to ajourn the House as a fitting mark of respect to the memory of our martyred President." Gar field demurred for want of time. Colfax or dered the room cleared—the door locked, and in those brief moments Garfield gathered his scatterd thoughts, stepped into the House and scarce had the last syllible of the pro ceedings of the previous day fallen from the lips of the reading clerk when he rose with solemn dignity amid breathless silence in gallery and hall and said Mr. Speaker, I move that this honse do now adjourn and on that motion I have to say that : "This day will be sadly memorable so long this nation shall endure,"" which God grant may be till the last syllable of recorded time, when the volume of human history shall be sealed up and delivered to the omnipotent Judge. In all future time on the recurrence this day I doubt not that the citizens of this republic will meet in solemn assembly to reflect on the life and character of Abraham Lincoln and the awful tragic event of April 1865—an event unparalleled in the history nations. • It is eminently proper that this house should this day place upon its record a memorial of that event. The last five years have been marked by wonderful develop ments of individual character. Thousands f our people before unknown to fame have of the the on taken their places in history crowned with immortal honors. In thousands ot humble homes are dwelling heroes and patriots whose names shall never die. But greatest among all these great development! were the character and fame of Abraham Lincoln, whose loss the nation still deplores. His character is aptly described in the words of England's great laureate as he traces the step upward of some— "Divinely gifted man. Who-e life'in low estate began, And on a simple village green, Who breaks hi* birth's invidious bars. And grasps the skirt* of happy Chance, And breasts the blows of circumstance And grapples with his evil stars ; Who makes by force his merit known And lives to clutch the golden keys To mold a mighty state's decrees And shape the whisper of the throne ; And moving up from high to higher, Becomes on Fortune's crowning slope, The pillar of a people's hope, The center of a world's desire.'' Such a life and character will be treasured forever as the sacred possession of the Amer ican people and of mankind. In the great drama of the rebellion there were two acts. The first was the war with its battles, its sieges, victories and defeats, its sufferings and tears. That act was closing one year ago to-night, and just as the curtain was rising upon new events, the evil spirit of rebellion in the fury of despair nerved and directed the hand of the assassin to strike down the chief character in both acts. It was no one man who killed Abraham Lincoln. It was the embodied spirit of treason and slavery, in spired with fearful and despairing hate, that struck him down in the moment of the na tion's supremest joy. Ah, sir, there are times in the history of men and nations when they stand so near the veil that separates mortals and immortals, time from eternity, and men from their God, that they can almost hear the breathings, and feel the pulsations of the heart of the Infinite. Through such a time has the nation passed. When 250,000 brave spirits passed from the field of honor through that thin veil to the presence of God, and when at last its parting folds admitted the martyred president to the company of dead heroes of the Republic, the nation stood so near the veil that the whispers of God were hear! by the children of men. Awe-stricken by his voice, the American people knelt iu tearful reverence and made a solemn cove nant with God and each other that this nation should be saved from its enemies ; that all its glories should be restored, and on the ruins of slavery and treason the temples of freedom and justice should be built and staud forever. It remains for us, consecrated by that great event and under that covenant with God, to keep the faith, to go forward in the great work until it shall be completed. Following the lead of that great man and obeying the high behests of Gob, let us remember "He has sounded forth His trumpet that shall never call retreat ; He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judg ment seat ; Be swift, my soul, to answer nim ; be jubilant, my feet, For God is marching on.'' This incident will never be forgotten by those who knew of the circumstances. A man so scholarly as to be able on the spur of the moment to utter such eloquent thoughts, using Tennyson's lines that he had not read in fifteen years so correctly that but one word was misquoted is an honor to any nation, and that man is James A. Garfield, around whose brow 7 a free people will wreathe a crown of honor by elevating him to the Presidencv in the coming November. PH AX Army Intelligence. A general order has been issued by the war department instructing company, post and regimental commanders to make a report an nually to the first day of July, through the usual military chaunel, of any officers under their command, who, by special aptitude or study, are notably well fitted for any brauch of service, science or art, either civil or mili tary, such reports to give full particulars of qualifications and preparation. This infor mation is for the use of the General of tbc Army in making details and selections for duty. Second Lieut. R. W. Dow'd} 7 , Sevcnteeutli infantry, has been transferred from company F to company D of that regiment. Leave of absence for twenty days has been granted Col. C. Grover, First cavalry. The leave of absence granted Second Lieut. James N. Al lison, Second cavalry, has been extended one month. First Lieut. E. L. Zalinski, Fifth ar tillery, has been assigned to special duty at the artillery school, Fortress Monroe, for two months, beginning July 1. General Garfield and General Hazen, of the 6th, were school-mates. Maj. Brotherton, 7ih Infantry, will be post commander at Fort Stevenson. Captain Josiah Chance, of the 17rh, is now Quartermaster and Commissary at Fort Liu coln. General M. R. Morgan, C. S.. U. S. A., headquarters Sr. Paul, and family were pas sengers on the Helena for Fort Keogh. Adjutant and Brigadier General E. D. Townsend, of the army, has been retired. He is succeeded by Geu. R. C. Drum. Lieutenant Wilkinsou, company L, 7« h Cavalry, is absent on a six months' leave. He has valuable interests in New Mexico mines, for which he has-been offered $20,0C0. Brigadier General Benjamin Alvord, Pay master General, has been retired. He has been in the service as a commissioned officer forty-six consecutive years. Col. Orlando H. Moore, of the 6tli Infan try, has been with that regiment longer than any other officer. Not an officer remains who entered the 6th Michigan with him in 1856. Lieutenant Partello, the champion rifle shot the world, was a passenger on the Helena, bound for his post, Fort Custer. He has been absent a year on account of his wife's health. The late General Heinzleman leaves an in teresting record. He was fifty-eight years in United States army, and fought in four distinct wars. He was the oldest general iu army at the time of hisde,.'h. Sale of RHiU'h Property. John Green has sold his Rock Creek ranch, the Benton road, to Henry B. McDonald, including furniture, crops, etc. The consid eration, we learn, was $4,000.