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^5 FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - - - Editor. THFlWnAY, OCTOBER 14, 1980. 1880 . PRESIDENTIAL TICKET. For President, JAMES A. GARFIELD, Of Ohio. For Vice President, CHESTER A. ARTHUR, Of Sew York. For Delegate in Congress, WILBUR F. SANDERS. Lewis and Clarke Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—CORNELIUS HEDGES. JOHN KINNA. ANDREW J. SMITH. O. H. CHURCHILL. For Representatives—HENRY M. PÄRCHEN. JOHN STEDMAN. W. S. HASKELL. WM. A. CHESSMAN. For District Attorney—W. H. DeWITT. For Sheriff—CHARLES M. JEFFERIS. For Treasurer—GEORGE A. WELLS. For Clerk and Recorder—FRANK P. STERLING. For Assessor— WM. F. WHEELER. For Probate Judge—JOSEPH DAVIS. For Commissioner—FRANCIS POPE. For Supt. of Public Schools—GEO. P. REEVES. For County Surveyor—BENJ. F. MARSH. For Coroner—DR. C. K. COLE. For Road Supervisor—L. F. EVANS. For Justices of the Peace—HENRY H. GUTHRIE. IRA BATEMAN. For Constables— J. C. JOHNSON. JAMES THOM. Meagher Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—ANDREW J. SMITH. CORNELIUS HEDGES. JOHN KINNA. O. H. CHURCHILL. For Representatives—JACOB POWERS. For Joint Representative.—JOSEPH W. ALLEN. For District Attorney— W. H. DeWITT. For Sheriff and Assessor— CHAS. T. RADER. For Treasurer and Supt. Schools—J. P. HILLIS. For Probate Judge and Recorder—L. ROT WITT. For County Commissioner—J. V. STAFFORD. For County Surveyor—DAVID E. FOLSOM. For Coroner—R. A. COLLINS. ('hoteau Republican Ticket. For Councilmen— O. H. CHURCHILL. CORNELIUS HEDGES. JOHN KINNA. ANDREW J. SMITH. For Representatives—ROBERT VAUGHN. GEO. CLENDENNIN. For District Attorney—VV. H. DEWITT. For Sheriff and Assessor—WM. ROWE. For Tres'r and Supt. Schools—J. HUNSBERGER. For Probate Judge and Recorder—J. W. TATTAN. For County Commissioner—J. D. WEATHERWAX For Coroner—('HAS. BOURASSA. Deer Lodge Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—CHARLES T. MEADER. HIRAM KNOWLES. GEORGE M. BROWN. FRANK L. WORDEN. For Representatives— CHAS. S. WARREN. JOHN BELL. GEORGE W. IRVIN, I. GEORGE W. MORSE. JAMES K. PARDEE. DAVID JOHNS. For District Attorney— F. T. McBItlDE. For Sheriff—DAVID N. UPTON. For Treasurer—LEW COLEMAN. For Clerk and Recorder—A. C. WITTER. For Assessor—GEORGE W. JONES. For Probate Judge—ORREN EMERSON. For County Commissioner—WILLIAM M. JACK. For Supt. Public Instruction— L. E. HOLMES. For County Surveyor—G. A. KELLOGG. For Coroner— Z. M. HAINES. Benverhead Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—GEORGE M. BROWN. FRANK L. WORDEN. HIRAM KNOWLES. CHAS. T. MEADER. For Representative—E. CLUTTER. For Joint Representative—WM. THOMPSON. For District Attorney— F. T. McBRIDE. For Sheriff and Assessor—DAVID REINHART. For Treas'r and Supt. Schools— OTTO KLEMM. For Probate Judge and Recorder— G. G. EARLE. For County Commissioner—PHILLIP THORPE. For Coroner— T. F. HAMILTON. Hissoula Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—FRANK L. WORDEN. HIRAM KNOWLES. CHAS. T. MEADER. GEO. M. BROWN. For Representativé — W. B. HARLAN. For Joint Representative—WM. THOMPSON. For District Attorney— F. T. McBRIDE. For Sheriff and Assessor—E. A. KINNEY. For Treas'r and Supt. Schools—D. HARDING. For Clerk and Recorder— C. M. SEDGWICK. For County Commissioners— EDGAR E. WARREN FRANK B. DECKER. For Coroner—R. A. WELLS. Madison Republican Ticket. For Councilmen—PETER V. JACKSON. LEANDER M. BLACK. W. W. ALDERSON. PAUL McCORMICK. For Representatives—HENRY N. BLAKE. OSCAR A. SEDMAN. For Joint Representative—JOHN ANDERSON. For District Attorney—JAMES E. CALLAWAY. For Sheriff—JOHN B. CARRUTHERS. For Treasurer—RICHARD O. HICKMAN. For Clerk and Recorder—NAT. J. DAYTS. For Assessor—JOSEPH J. BOYER. For Probate Judge—JOHN T. WILLIAMS. For County Commissioner—GEO. T. LEWIS. For Supt. Schools—AMOS PURDUM. For County Surveyor—JAMES M. PAGE. For Coroner—LUCIUS KELLOGG. JcfFerson Republican Ticket. For Councilmen— LE ANDER M. BLACK. PETER V. JACKSON. W. W. ALDERSON. PAUL McCORMICK. For Representatives—JUNIUS G. SANDERS. For Joint Representative—JOHN ANDERSON. For District Attorney—JAMES E. CALLAWAY. For Sheriff and Assessor—HENRY NELSON. For Probate Judge and Recorder—I. N. BUCK. For County Commissioner—GEO. A. DOUGLASS. For Coroner— DR. G. W. STEIN. Gallatin Republican Ticket. For Councilmen— W. W. ALDERSON. PETER V. JACKSON. LEANDER M. BLACK. PAUL McCORMICK. For Representatives—JOHN POTTER. II J. WRIGHT. For District Attorney—JAMES E. CALLAWAY. For Sheriff—MARION FLAHARTY. For Treasurer—CHARLES RICH. For Clerk and Recorder- W. Y. SMITH. For Probate Judge—YV. ALLEN. For Coroner—O. MILLS. Custer County People's Ticket. For Councilman.—PAUL McCORMICK. For Representative.—J. H. GARLOCK. For Joint Representative.—JOSEPH W. ALLEN. For Sheriff—THOMAS IRVTNE. For Treasurer.— C. YV. SAVAGE. For Probate Judge.—CHARLES YV ALKER. For Commissioner.—Elk F. FAYVKES. • For Coroner.--A. II. HBRSEY. A Sun River resident thinks if Magin nis could be induced to make one more •peecli there the vote for Sanders in north ern Lewis and Clarke would be about unanimous. SELF-GOVERNMENT. The historical reference of the Independ ent to Territorial experiences of 1806 will neither bring credit to the Democratic party nor discredit to Col. Sanders. In advocating self-government for the Terri tories we recognize the fact that even Leg islatures need cheeks. In the States the constitution furnishes this check. The Territorial Legislatures need it as much as the States, or even more. If we coulc not have a constitution we should have some other check equivalent. The occa sion and events to which the Independent alludes show the necessity for it. The Legislatures of Montana in the early days voted extra compensation to the Federal Judges and used it as a power to corrupt and control those Judges. But those Leg islatures did not use the taffy of extra com pensation only, but Yvielded their brief au thority Yvith as capricious severity on those who dared to oppose their schemes. One Federal Judge yvIio, by his independent course, had particularly aroused the ire of a Democratic Legislature, Yvas assigned to a district composed of Big Horn and DaYv son counties, in >vhich at the time there was not a Yvhite family and scarcely a doz en Yvhite men, and required him to t reside in his district. The Democracy of those days carried things with a high hand, very unwillingly acknowledging the authority of the United States Constitution. We could cite many acts of early Legislatures in Montana that would have done discredit to a rabble of half-civilized savages. We do not blame those Yvho Yvere the personal objects of these legislative outrages from striking back and using every means within reach to thwart and defeat their schemes. W c certainly knoYv that the Federal Judge yvIio was the chief object of Democratic spite and persecution Yvent to Washington to secure the intervention of Congress with its higher poYvers to annul this legislation. There Yvas not a Republican in the. Terri tory Yvho did not approve of the use of every means possible under the laYvs to de feat these extreme acts of partisan legisla tion. We have no doubt Col. Sanders used all his influence at that time for this purpose and he did so with the full ap proval of every Republican in Montana. It is very amusing certainly to hear the Independent speak of "the carpet-bag judges" of the days of 1866, Yvhen every one then living in the Territory Yvas a car pet-bagger. There Yvas but a few days or YY'eeks' difference in the time that any had come to the Territory and very feYv then intended to make Montana their perma nent home. Those days are gone forever, and the people Yvho hoyv reside in Monta na are as permanently settled as those in the States, and the question of self-gov ernment is one of really greater concern and propriety iioyv than it Yvas then. We confess that we regard the principle of Congressional interference Yvith legislation in the Territories as vicious. Only ex treme cases will justify resort to it, but so long as the poYver exists and there is no other to reach the case yvc should reserve to ourselves the right to appeal to it in ex treme cases. Utah is an instance in point. It sIioyvs the impossibility of giving unchecked poYver to the Legislature of a Territory. What Yve desire and demand for the peo ple of the Territories is not geater poYver than the people of the States and their Legislatures enjoy, but similar and equal poYvers. The enabling acts of Congress passed as ordinary legislation, subject like any other act to amendment, alteration and repeal by a body entirely disconnect ed with the people to be directly affected by them are certainly poor substitutes for State constitutions. If our Delegate in Congress had a vote yvc might be said in some measure to he represented in the adoption. As it is yvc have no Y'oice in framing our fundamental and most im portant laws. We admit there are more difliculties in this subject than appear on the surface. Congress, by the Constitu tion, is bound to guarantee to even r State a Republican form of government. No State is admitted until its constitution has been adopted and submitted to Congress for approval. The probability that every one of the present Territories will in the natural course of evpnts become a State Yvithin the next ten years, takes aYvay much of the incentive to perfect more suit able forms of government. An amend ment of the Constitution will unquestion ably be needed before Territorial Dele gates could be alloYved to become full members of Congress. Before all the pre liminary Yvork could be perfected the nec essity will mostly have disappeared. It is probable therefore that our most sensible and effective course Yvmild be to move at once for the organization of a State government and admission as a State. Whether the initiative in such a direc tion should be taken by the people of the Territories or they must wait for an en abling act is a question of the first import ance. Can it be pretended that Major Maginnis has the legal education and abil ity to handle these great questions of fun damental laYv like Col. Sanders. Montana is entering upon a new era. Our people feel the inadequacy of our present system more than ever. It is time to strike for the frill rights of a State. It needs talent and ability of the highest order in our reach. No sensible man yvIio appreciates the importance of the present and ap proaching crisis in our affairs ought to hes itate an instant Iioyv to choose between the tYvo candidates for Delegate. Nor will any man of sense and spirit withhold ap proval of the efforts of Col. Sanders to pre vent the outrage attempted by the Demo cratic Legislature in 1866 to banish Judge Munson to the Indian camps of Big Horn county. Such legislation as attempted did more to discredit the principle of self government than the interference of Con gress to annul the infamy. We cannot, of course, tell what Yve might haY'e done if we had ever stumbled upon a bonanza Yvhicli was subject to re location by reason of abandonment or otherYvise, but Yve do not remember ever to have eY'en been consulted as an attorney in reference to sucli naughty business, ex cept in the case of the Penobscot, years ago.— In depen dent. The Herald, Yvith provocation enough to pursue an opposite course, has abstained, except in a temperate way, from discussing the peculiar propensities as a mine jumper Yvith Yvhich the Independent editor has been generally credited. His oyvii published words have formed the texts from Yvhich, in inconsiderable paragraphs, yvc have felt constrained, in a gentlemanly and Christian spirit, to allude to him. Invited thereto, YY'e cannot avoid unmasking the duplicity by Yvhich it is sought to divert the Yveight of evidence from himself and fasten upon accessories less culpable, Yvhom he mas querades as clients, the contumely of offences Yvhich seem to attach to the party of the first part. If the Independent editor is the real culprit, it is an unmanly thing for him to hide his offending behind the skirts of others. Because adroit counsels may have inveigled Republicans into the Bourbon snare, the character of the one, Yvhile it might he smirched, should not be damned by the Yvickedncss of the other. The rape of the Penobscot and Snow Drift mines Yvas not consummated by reason of any lack of cunningly devised plans. The conspiracy, fortunately for the owner, was detected and exposed in time to save it from clutches that yearned to possess it by any means and at Yvhatever cost. Men of the camp rallied Yvith arms to protect the property and resolutely "held the fort." But vigorous measures, promply adopted as they Yvere, Yvould not have avail ed, and the "bonanza" Yvould probably have been lost but for the Helena land of ficers, yvIio stood as a buhvak against the piratical scheme. Through the stern in tegrity of these officials, yvIio could not be moYcd from the exact line of duty, the robbery yvhs frustrated and the man to Yvhom the property belonged Yvas protect ed in the possession of his OYvn. The Benton Record, the Maginnis and Healey organ of Choteau, cantankerously assails the j>olitical status of the Herald and the personal character of its editors and proprietors. We can conceive of no cause or excuse for the furious onslaught to which the Benton barnacle treats us ex cept it be the steps taken by many reputable citizens of that toYvn to establish there a rival journal to the Record. Called upon to supply to parties Yvho propose to engage in an enterprise honorable to them selves and to the community in Yvhich they ÜY r e material YvhereYvith to carry out their undertaking, and having the same to sell, yvc disposed of presses, type and a com plete publishing equipment to the Benton people as they required. For this purely commercial transaction on our part the Herald, its editors and publishers are attacked with the vocabu lary of a fishmonger and the ferocity and frenzy of a Sioux savage. The Herald people are charged Yvith nearly every crime short of homicide, of Yvhich cheating of merchants, robbery of banks, and SYvindling of Yvorkmen are the least laid to our door. The article, yvc have little doubt, yvus pro duced and published at the instance and Yvith the concurrence of the Bourbon bureau, its reproduction by the Independent shoYving the source of its inspiration. We can make no response in the language in Yvhich it is couched, hut if Mr. Healy or Major Maginnis or Mr. Woolfolk will pro duce a banlcer, merchant, Yvorking-man, or any other person Yvliomsoever having deal ings of any kind with the Herald firm or any member thereof, Yvithin or beyond Montana, and can obtain from any one of them confirmation of the charge of dis honesty or fraud, Yve will obligate ourselves to lift the mortgages Yvhich encumber the Record, or pay the campaign ex penses of Maginnis' losing race, or make good to Mr. Woolfolk any sum within reason beloYv Yvhat he might have YY'on had he committed the theft of the Penobscot mine. That is a proposition to the acceptance of which we urgently in vite not only the parties designated by name, but all Herald traducers and slanderers who have proof, actual or pre tended, of Herald wrong doing. BRITISH GOLD. It is not dificult to trace the plenty of money that seems to be at the disposal of the National Democratic Committee to the Free Trade League of Great Britain. It is credibly reported that Fernando Wood brought with him $100,000 on his return from England. Great Britain has a vast monied interest in breaking down our tariff laYYS, and the British manufac turers look to the Democratic party to aid them in doing it. It is a singular alliance betYveen Irish votes and British gold that forms the chief supports of the Democratic party. Nine-tenths of the Irish in this country arc Democrats, and by this con nection are in the service and pay of their oppressors to introduce into this country the Ioyv Yvages that made them serfs and paupers at home. It is consoling to reflect that in the pending canvass the Herald is esteemed by its political opponents to occupy so con spicuous a position as a defender of the true and living faith as to share with the fearless chieftain Yvho leads the Republi can hosts the enmity and malevolence of Bourbon orators and the detractions and slanders of Bourbon prints. We are espe cially comforted in the knoYvledge Yvhich their own evidence supplies, that the Herald is felt where it is intended most to be felt, and that it sYvervcs neither to the right nor to the left in the high mission it is called upon to perform. For years the gallant Republicans of Montana have combatted resolutely and valorously open enemies in their front and guerillas in their rear, but at Yvhatever disadvantage or against Yvhatever odds they have bravely stood their ground, until now, Yvith every man at his post, victory is ready to dawn upon their banner and the noble cause it represents. The Herald is Yvith them in the heat of the fight, and will uphold the cause and carry the colors to the triumph that aYvaits in November. Explanations by the Independent of the part taken by its editor in the Penob scot affair are in a manner verified by cer tificates procured from two of our citizens towards Yvhom in the matter Mr. Woolfolk claims to have borne the relation of attor ney to client. It is said of Mr. Woolfolk that he "decided there yvhs no merit in the case," and that the proposed re-location Yvas then dropped. We are reminded by this circumstance that it is one instance of a very feYv on record Yvhere a laYvyer is said to have advised his client he had no cause, and it is mentioned as a notable ex ception Yvorthy to be preserved in the le gal archives of Montana. The onus of the affair is subdivided to suit the taste of the confreres, it being no concern of ours Yvhich of the parties bears the brunt of the business. Once or twice he alluded to ourself in connection Yvith jumping mines, but failed to elicit eY'en a smile from his audi ence.— Independent. It is true that Col. Sanders dreYV uo smiles from the earnest-faced miners as he related the grave story of the Penobscot conspiracy. It Yvas not a subject to Yvork the risibles of the matter-of-fact men yvIio gathered about the speaker and bore testi mony to the justice of his scathing arraign ment. When people are soberly ponder ing their Yvrongs no one looks for levity or laughter. The Independent editor has evidently as queer conception of humor as he has of honesty or honor. To the trio of Democratic prints whose hostility yvc enjoy, the indebtedness of the Herald is great. Their enemity has helped immeasurcbly not only the cause yvc have at heart, but the journal yvc have the honor to conduct. We express to the triumvirate our profound acknowledge ment for the service they have rendered ourselves a'd our friends, and yvc will strive to ma 1 1 our professions more bind ing by the popular verdict at the polls in November. The Herald is now as it has hereto fore been a target against which the shafts of partisan malice and personal hatred are hurled. Invulnerable, lioYvever, as the party it supports and the principles its maintains, it continues Yvith the roll ing years in the front of the fight and carries the banner upon Yvhich victory is waiting to perch. The People's ticket, placed in nomina tion by the People's Convention of Custer county,will he found in our columns to day. The list of candidates is composed of sterling men, and unanimously endors ed, as the nominees are, by a convention constituted of both parties, the ticket Yvill prevail by common consent. The editor Yvho defames us is best char acterized in brief as a pettifogger yvIio has been larrupted by lawyers, fined by judges and spewed out of the courts, as he Yvill soon be out of the community, as an un clean thing. Let him rest in the beastial ity of his lies and his bourbonism—the lowest depths to which the Yvrath of a just God and an outraged people can consign him. a E. on by The New North- Went shows by an article in the current number, that the Maginnis campaign is breaking down. It declares that Col. Sanders is likely to he Montana's next delegate and that the Territory will be better served by him. It adds : "'\y e belieY-e at least Custer, Gallatin, Madison Meagher, LeYvis and Clarke and Beaver head are Republican counties, that the majorities in them are sufficient to elect the Republican candidate, and advices are that Sanders' campaign is rallying them solidly to his support. This explains the bitterness of his enemies, but it will not avail. The Republican party will stand the closer by their leader and in their sup port is vict ory." _ Alluding to the Republican candidate for District Attorney, Mr. DeWitt, the Democratic organ remarks : "Mr. LoYvrev's opponent is ajrecent arrival and has not vet opened an office for the pratice of law." Mr. DeWitt is no "recent arrival." He came to the Territory in 1878, locating in Helena, and has been and is now a practi tioner in our court«. As to Yvhether he has opened an office a walk doYvn Maine street to Dunphy's block Yvill correct anv misapprehension entertained on that point. Mr. DeWitt's shingle has been there long enough to to get rusty, and is daily seen by hundreds of people where Mr. Lowrey's is seen by scores. An account of the visit of Grant and Conkliug to Garfield contains this : "The party Yvere escorted into the parlor and presented to Mrs. Garfield, who, with Mrs. Col. Rockwell, of New York, received them graciously. After a few moments conver sation, Gen. Garfield retired to an adjoin ing room and soon returned Yvitli his aged mother, Yvho was present to the visitors in turn. Gen. Grant bowed Ioyv and rever ently and expressed his great pleasure at seeing the mother of Gen. Garfield." A Gallatin Democrat, Yvho has been voting for Maginnis for eight years, says he has done it many years too much, and he Yvill do it no more. There are plenty of voters like the Gallatin Democrat in every county of Montana. The monotony of voting for Maginnis has exhausted the endurance of the party, or the best portion of it, and they propose to quit now and for good, so far as the one-man perpetual candidacy goes. Indications now point to Republican success even in Deer Lodge county. There is no doubt but the Republicans will elect a large share of their local candidates, and Col. Sanders is gaining strength in the county every day and every hour of the day. The drift is decidedly one Yvav, and that is Yvith the candidates named by the Republicans. On Yvith the fight. Andy O'connell can hardly claim to 1)0 a Yvorkingman, by reason of his sYveat ing over the election. There is no resem blance between him and Charley J offer is, his Republican opponent, yvIio is a real Yvorkingman from away back. Andy's YY'ork is chiefly Yvith his mouth; Charley's Yvith his muscle. The Independent has taken elaborate pains to show that its editor had no part in the Penobscot business except a lawyer's interest. Very good. And Yvhat does a laYvyer's interest signify? It means, as every miner knoYvs, the "lion's share," had the conspiracy ever been carried out and it had come to a division of the spoils. John Brennan, of Sioux City, Iowa, said to be the most eloquent Irish orator Yvho ever led the Democratic column of Iris countrymen in that State, is out Yvith a let ter announcing in vigorous language his intention to support Garfield and Arthur. Gallatin City Items. The public school at this place opened to day Yvith a fair attendance and good prospects of its being larger soon. Mr. Geo. H. Scott, late traveling correspondent for the Herald, lias charge of the school. The commence ment tends to increase the stir in town, for some families have already moved in from the country places contiguous to the city limits, and others arc soon to folloYV. Gallatin City is well favored in the way of mail routes. It uoyv has a daily mail lrom Helena and Bozeman, one from Boulder, and a tri-Yveekly from Pony. The winters schedule Yvill materially change one or more of these routes. It is quite likely it will be the one between Helena and Bozeman. A recent change of millers has taken place in the Gallatin City mill. Geo. I). Thomas, manager and proprietor of the mill and pro perty adjoining, lias leased it to Fred Hufl nian and Henry Gerdes. The former named gentleman is recently from Willow Creek mills, where lie has been foreman for some time. Mr. Huffman has an excellent reputa tion as an experienced miller. These gentle men, from all I hear, Yvill doubtless gi' e satisfaction to the public. Mr. John Emmerson, head miller at the Empire Mills, left town to-day. He takes charge of Geo. D. Thomas' upper mill. H*. E. informs me that more XX. wheat is being purchased than any other grade. There will be services at the schoolhouse on Sunday, the 10th inst., at 11 o'clock a. na., by Rev. J. M. Spencer, of LoYver Willow Creek. UNO.