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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, November 25, 1880, Image 2

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MtUm H6M0 Wm\&
FISK BEOS., - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, -
Pugh is the
from Alabama.
Democratic Senator elect
A Boston paper calls John Kelly
1 b niocrat for revenue only."
Mn. Thomas Brassey has bought 64,
Ooo acres of land in Canada at the foot of
the Rocky Mountains.
President elect Garfield
in Washington last evening. His
without political significance.
visit is
The Oregonian says that the official
count will give the Oregon Republican elec
tors upwards of 500 majority.
To the New York Tribune it looks like
a permanent partnership between Provi
dence and the Republican party.
Col. Nicholas [Smith, who married
Miss Ida Greeley, has a son named Horace
Greeley, dropping the Smith entirely.
• The Postmaster-General's report is of
interest to many readers. A telegraphic
synopsis thereof will be found in our col
umns to-day.
Axf Iowa farmer says, "We raise 400
bushels of potatoes to the acre here, which
would be a* big thing if we didn't raise in
sects enough to eat 'em all up."
Haggix <fc Carr are so well satisfied
with their experiments in growing cotton
bi-Kern county, California, that they in
tend to pjant 1,000 acres next year.
The London Spectator says: After all,
the attraction of the American republic is
that any man maybe President, if he is
the best qualified, and if his countrymen
think so.
Tranquitino Luma, Republican can
didate for Delegate in New Mexico, was
elected by 1,500 majority, a Republican
gain of over 700. The Territorial Legisla
ture stands : Senate 0 Republicans, 4
Democrats; House, 19 Republicans, 7
Tennessee advices point to the election
of Horace Maynard to the Senate. The
State seems determined to put itself in
harmony with the Republican party and
abreast of the spirit of the age. It has a
Republican Governor, three Republican
Congressmen, and now seeks a Republican
for U. 8. Senator.
General Garfield is credited by the
Cincinnati Commercial with saying to a
personal friend in Columbus recently,
"Great as our victory was, I believe that
the forged letter cost us all the Northern
States we lost. I do not intend to let up
on those rascals until they are punished
to the fullest extent of the law." Carry
the news to Barnum !
A man threw a couple of superanuated
eggs at an actress in a Philadelphia theater
Very likely he had no further use for the
eggs and thought he would give them
away, but this action brought him into
bad odor with the court and he was fined
$500 for his little diversion. This is $3,
000 a dozen for eggs, and not very good
eggs at that. We seem to be getting back
to war prices.
The British minister at Constantinople,
Goschen, has recently intimated to the
Sultan, with just a streak of irony, that
England does not propose to wait more
than ten years for the cession of Dulcigno.
Turkey seems to be in the fix of the hun
ter who had the bear by the paws and only
a trunk of a tree between. It was getting
tiresome to hold on and it was dangerous
to let go. While the European powers
demand the cession of Dulcigno, the Al
banians threaten to annihilate the Turkish
forces if they comply with the demand.
Fbank L. Worden, Councilman elect
from the Second District, is the only Re
publican returned to the upper house of
the Legislature. His triumoh is the more
significant from the fact that he made no
canvass and had the disadvantage of a
strong Democratic majority against him
in each of the three counties composing
the district. Mr. Worden would make a
capable presiding officer, and in view of
his great personal popularity and the dis
crimination in his favor of the better and
more intelligent class of Democratic
voters, his name is suggested in connection
with the Presidency ot the Council. Dr.
Mitchell is understood to aspire to this
honor, but as between him and Worden
the latter, we believe, would be the pre
ference of the Council.
South Carolina Census.
Washington, November 23.— The Presi
dent his directed Gen. Walker, Superintent
of the Census, to again canvass certain town
ships in South Carolina, to ascertain if the
report of the census supervisors in that State
is correct.
Nothing that we can conceive of is bet
ter calculated to relieve the rigors of the
season and give the people of Montana
greater cause for thanksgiving on the mor
row than the news that the Northern Pa
cific Railroad Company had perfected ar
rangements with a responsible syndicate
to complete its great work without further
delay. The amount mentioned, $40,000,
000, ought to be sufficient for the purpose.
It will furnish $50,000 per mile for its un
finished portion of 800 miles. A com
mand of ready money ought with good
management, even in our shorter seasons
at the North, to enable the Company to
complete its work inside of three years.
We are not sanguine of seeing the road
finished to Bozeman or Helena next sea
son, but we shall see the route finally set
tied and work advanced. Most of this unfin
ished portion, or three-fourths of the
whole, lies in Montana, and we may con
fidentlv expect that at least $25,000,000
will be expended within our borders dur
ing the next three years. With the en
hancement of values to land and other
property, such as mines and stock, and
with the influx of capital and population,
w r e may reasonably count on an increase
to the Territory of $-30,000,000 within the
next three years. Of course our people
must understand well enough that these
millions expended for rails and other ma
terial, as well as those for grading
will mastly go to parties outside of the
Territory, but the road itself will represent
all this expenditure and become a part of
our permanent wealth. Meanwhile the
area of our cultivated land will be dou
bled and there will be a ready market for
everything that can be raised. New en
ergy will inspire our people to increased
industry and production. As soon as
grading begins through Central Montana
there will be a confidence, appreciation
and permanency of values that we have
not witnessed and scarcely dreamed of.
The next five years, already begun, will
be the golden era of Montana, discounting
immeasurably the days of our richest yield
from placer mines. The yield and in
crease of wealth now will be general over
the whole Territory and a portion of
everybody in it. Those who do not
themselves on the main line will be plan
ning to move or build a branch. The
good time coming seems to have come and
we may believe to stay. This is better
than turkey for Thanksgiving.
Our dispatches last evening contain
some very startling intimations concerning
the authorship of the Morey letter which
tallies with the intimation from Mr.
Davenport last week to the effect that the
next disclosure would be a thunderclap. It
comes through disclosures made in ad
vance of the letter's appearance by Gen.
Averill, who seemed to be in full possession
of the whole secret days before its publica
tion in the Truth. The letter came out as
predicted and with some of the conse
quences foretold. The worst part of the
whole transaction in its latest phrase, is
that it throws suspicion not only on Bar
num aud the whole of the Democratic
National Committee, but even upon Han
cock himself. We shall be glad if future
revelations shall show up the whole mys
tery and leave clear the skirts of General
Hancock as well. If indications become
settled facts, and suspicions ripen to con
victions, there will be such a tempest of
indignation sweep through the moral and
political atmosphere as never was before
witnessed, and that will not leave a ves
tige of the Democratic party and its cor
rupt managers. The transaction will
easily take rank as the greatest crime of
the nineteenth century.
We read with bewilderment in the state
ly pages of Gibbon how the imperial
sceptor of the Roman Empire was bartered
and sold in the days of Rome's profligate
degeneracy by the Pretorian Guard, but
the attempt to capture a position so much
greater and more honorable—that of the
Presidency of the Great Republic in this
enlightened and Christian era—by a base
forgery constitutes a crime of so much
blacker dye that the former becomes com
paratively a venial offence. But we will
not give away to such speculations as yet,
for we trust that our present doubts,
fears and suspicions may be satisfiactorily
disposed of without involving persons who
had character to loose. If it shall be
proven—and it will be if true—that in
their desperation over impending defeat,
the plan was deliberately laid by the re
sponsible leaders of the Democratic party,
With the knowledge and concurrence of
its candidate to win the Presidency by a
bold forgery, it will be the death blow of
the Democrat party. We do not believe
the body of that party so corrupt
as to lend countenance to any such
crimes in its name. There will be
hot haste to come out from it and leave
concern so dead and putrifying with cor
ruption. In the attempt of the South to
break up the T T nion there were open anc
comparatively manly means employed to
this sneaking villainy which came so near
succeeding. We believe the South will
utterly disown connection longer with
such a tainted party, and every man con
nected with the crime will become as in
famous in history as Benedict Arnold
We shall anxiously await further develop
There seems to be a wonderful sight of
unnecessary anxiety about disposing of
Gen. Grant. A while ago there was a pro
ject to make him president of a mining
company with a salary of $25,000 per
annum, certainly a comfortable salary for
a man of not very expensive habits if he
was only looking for means of support
Since then lie has rendered service in the
campaign so fortunately closed, that at a
moderate estimate we would place at some
millions. Since the election there has
been among the Republicans a very gen
eral desire to do something handsome fer
the man who by general consent did more
than any one else to win the victory. The
Times proposes to raise a fund whose in
come should be applied to the support and
relief of all future ex-Presidents. In
reality it was designed for the use of Gen.
Grant. But it is reported that the matter
was abandoned on an intimation that such
a provision would be distasteful to the in
tended beneficiary. We have since hearc
of a grand consolidation of continental
railroads under the lead and manipulation
of Jay Gould, which was to offer the
presidency with a magnificent salary at
tached to Gen. Grant. Others have pro
posed to have him elected to the Senate
from Illinois, transferring Davis to the
Supreme Court to make room for him
Others still want a constitutional provision
that ex-Presidcnts shall be made life mem
bers of the Senate. Some want him made
minister to England an 1 others to Mexico,
and some other» »till a general extraerdi
nary minister to be employed in any field
where important negotiations are pending.
There is evident difficulty to find a place
that in public estimate is fitted for the
man. He is acknowledged by other na
tions than our own to be the greatest
military leader of the age, but we neither
have nor expect to have any more wars
and but little use for military leadership.
It is civil life that service is more needed
and distinction is to be won, and General
Grant seems to be well aware of that fact.
Unlike all of our former ex-Presidents
Gen. Grant retired from his high office
with capacities and abilities for civil life
not exhausted, but only just beginning to
develope themselves. In the past four
years he has rendered services conspicuous
and useful enough to have made the for
tune and reputation of any other man. If
he lives to see the end of four more years
and continues to be the great growing man
that he now appears to be, there is no
doubt that he would be called to be Presi
dent again by the almost unanimous con
sent of our American people. Much of
this haste to dispose of him we suspect is
dictated by the wish to get him away
from public attention, from active service
and out of the way of others whose ambi
tion feels abashed in his presence. Well,
we think Gen. Grant can well take care of
himself and that the place for him will ap
pear in due time.
A Foreign Merchant Prince.
New York, November 21. —There ar
rived here to-day in the steamship City of
Brussels, from Liverpool, Esoofallay Hiptala,
a Bombay merchant prince, who brings with
him his four native wives. These were in
charge of another woman and a eunuch. In
addition there were servants of the male sex,
varying in size, height and age. The Prince
says : "Each servant has certain things to
do—no servant does- two things—and when
I get tired and weary, I make them amuse
me. They are all good musicians. During
our trip across they had plenty of opportun
ity for practice, as in that time some of our
most solemn feasts took place. To the last
of these we invited all the passengers, and
they appeared highly amused. Then I have
also my conjurer, my snake charmer and my
women who dance for me. After dinner,
when the Prince of Wales visited Bombay
some years ago, I entertained him, and my
wives showed him the nautich dance."
The Prince says he is here just to see the
United States.
Land League.
Dublin, November 23.—At the weekly
meeting of the Land League, Leavitt, after
recounting his visit to America, strongly de
nounced the outrages in Ireland during his
absence, which, he said, were calculated to
prejudice the interests of the Land League.
It is natural to lament the diminutive
size, number and armament of our ships
of war. Poor little Italy and bankrupt
old Spain have armored vessels that sur
pass any we have and that might if equal
ly well handled be a match singly for our
whole navy. Fortunately we are growing
strong and rich in attending to our own
business, and have no prospective wars on
our hands, and no such Quixotic, self-im
posed duty as that of regulating the bal
ance of power in the world. There are
some however forever lamenting our weak
and defenseless condition, forgetting that
the ocean itself forms the moat about our
castle. To such will come as a partial
consolation the news that John Ericson
has invented and perfected a torpedo ves
sel that can sink or blow out of the water
in a few seconds the largest and strongest
navy that floats. Only think of a gun
planted ten feet under the water, loading
itself by the force of its own dis
charges, sending a missile that contains
150 of pounds dynamite in its bowels that
will not explode unless it strikes its antag
onist, and then furnished with the con
centrated destructive agencies of a first
class earthquake. Another excellent feat
ure is that ten men are sufficient to operate
this engine of destruction. The loss of
life would never be very great if accident
or superior force should destroy it. Con
sidering the wealth of commerce collected
at the harbor of New York, and the fur
ther fact that with the present long-ranged
rifled-cannon-armored ships might anchor
close enough to the city to lay it in ruins,
it has seemed negligent on the part of our
government to neglect to provide better
defense at such a vital point. We have
no navy, very feeble fortifications and no
cannon of the largest range and calibre.
It seems as if this torpedo boat of Eric
son's was just what was needed to supply
deficiencies. Two or three of them kept
at every' great seaport would afford a
sense of security worth probably more
than the cost. We hope our government
will adopt the invention and reward the
inventor so that he Heed not look to any
foreign country' for a patron. It seems to
be just the thing wanted, and we can save
enough in building useless forts to cover
the cost of a more effective defense. We
may regret the necessity of diverting from
more useful employment the amount of
wealth required for effective defense, but
so long as the Great Powers on the conti
nent are stubbornly devoted to multiplying
engines of war we cannot do less than keep
an eye on them and always open to any
possible diversion or combination of their
boated armaments. Our example and
ideas should be our engines of conquest,
but for defense we must be ready to de
stroy anything that threatens us with dan
CONTINENTAL railroads.
There are very few nations that have
occasion to think of continental lines of
railroad. Since the successful completion
of our Union & Central Pacific, the mat
ter has been so constantly before our peo
ple in one forip or another that it no long
er creates surprise. We have three or four
more such lines rapidly approaching com
pletion within our borders. Canada, more
with an eye to keep together its disconnect
ed and discontented provinces than from
view to any commercial advantages and
profits, has just closed a contract for a road
that is to cost over a hundred million dol
lars. Mexico is catching the infection
from us and putting itself in connection
with our system and preparing to extend
it north and south, east and west over the
vast northern and interior table lands.
From another and very unexpected-source
we hear of a continental railroad in Asia.
Russia has just ordered the construction
of a railroad from Orenberg through Si
beria to the Pacific Ocean. We are glad
to hear of this great good news
news for Russia ; it is good new's for
Europe ; is good for America. In all her
attempts to extend her conquests west and
south, Russia has come in contact with
barrier of great powers, too formidable to
contend with. She has broken up the
strength of the Ottoman Empire, but has
not been allowed to take any portion for
herself. With less cost of men and money
Russia can build a railroad through Si
beria to the Pacific Ocean and realize her
ambition of becoming a naval power on a
large ocean where there is less competition
and opposition. It will turn to »so the
vast Asiatic possessions of Russia, fill
them with people, develope the rich re
sources, give her a fair holdon past con
quests and an advantageous foot hold for
future ones. Here is a field for growth and
conquest in which Russia will meet with
little opposition and while consolidating
and increasing her own wealth and popu
lation, will serve the general interests of
the whole world as much more. We are
looking forward to the day when the com
merce of the Pacific shall equal, if not ex
ceed that of the Atlantic ; when lines of
steamships shall connect our North Pacific
and the great Siberia line; when the
swarming millions of China and Japan
shall enter the markets of this world with
the fruit of their patient industry and skill.
The golden age of American commerce
will most likely come on the Pacific. The
construction of the Siberia railroad will be
one long step towards that goal.
Local Gossip--Divisiou of Deer
County, Etc.
[jottings by our traveling corresponded '
The mineral wealth of Butte is attracting
the attention of capitalists in various portions
of the county, many of whom have sent out
agents during the past year to inspect the
mines, or have visited them in person. p ur .
iiig my stay in the city, Gov. Murray, of
Utah, Mr. Dunn, representing Claflin & Co.,
of New York City, and several gentlemen
from the State of Nevada were looking at
mining property with the intention ot pur
chasing if satisfactory figures could he ob
tained. Several important sales are now
pending, and the general expectation that a
great mining ''boom" will begin with tin
opening of spring will probably be realized.
In consequence of the murder of a girl in
one of the dance houses last tall, all such
places were closed by the city authorities ;
but a short time since, a petition was pre
senter! to the council, which prayed that all
legal restrictions might be removed and the
houses be permitted to open again. The ground
upon which the petition was based was that
dance houses helped business. Whether the
city fathers have decided that the business
interests of Butte require the assistance cf
resorts of that kind was not known at the
time of my departure.
Last week Mr. Paul Blum, the energetic
amusement manager, introduced to the pub
lic of Butte the Wyman Comedy Comedy,
which came from the cities of the East with
many words of praise from the most influen
tial papers. This, I believe, is the first Com
edy Company which has ever visited the
Territory, and will doubtless receive the sup
port which their worth merits.
A matter which at present is deeply inter
esting the people of Butte is the question of
a division of Deer Lodge county, which will
he brought before the session of the Legisla
ture this winter. The rapid increase of busi
ness and growth of population in the Silver
Bow township has made the change earnestly
desired by the people of that section. The
increase of legal business has necessarily
kept pace with the growth of the mining in
terests, and the annoyance and expense of
being frequently compelled to travel a dis
tance of forty miles to Deer Lodge, is a bur
den to which they are not willing longer to
submit. It is claimed that the mileage from
Butte to the present county seat and the extra
cost of serving subpoenas, summons for jurors
and the tare of prisoners, amounts to between
$8,000 and $9,000 per annum, a sum of money
that, in a few' years, would Ire sufficient to
defray the cost of new county buildings
which, should the division be effected, must
necessarily lx; constructed. The township
has a larger portion of w ealth and polls sev
eral hundred votes more than the balance of
the county, which fact certainly entitles its
people to a fair hearing when the matter
comes up for settlement. The people of Butte
would prefer that the division be made by
a line drawn East and West from Warm
Spring Creek, in the Deer Lodge valley. This
creek is twenty-two miles distant from Butte
and eighteen from the county seat; but rather
than jeopardise their chance of division thev
would consent that the line Ire drawn East
and West from the Hump, which is only
eleven miles from Butte, aud which would
include in the new county no portion of Deer
Lodge valley. The section desiring this
change threaten that unless their wish is
granted they will remove the county seat to
Butte, and as they have a voting majority
there seems no reason why the threat could
not be carried out. F. M. W.
Destructive Fire.
Chicago, November 20.—The wholesale
drug store of Lord, Stoughton & Co.. 86 Wa
bash avenue, was gutted by a fire which
broke out about roon to-day. The loss is es
timated at $100,000 ; partially insured. The
fire originated in the mixing department, on
the third floor, among the vitrols, and al
most instantly had wrapped the whole build
ing in flames, so that very little was saved.
The fire originated in the fourth story, where
Jennie McNeary was bottling sulphuric ether.
As she panned from a can into a bottle, the
bottle exploded, and an alcohol lamp ignited
and spread a blaze instantly through the
room. From thence the progress of the flames
to the other story was rapid and easy. The
explosives which were in the path of the
flames caused continuous reports that sound
ed like a miniature cannonade. When the
explosion first occurred Jennie McNeary'»
clothes were for an instant ignited, but a
workman wrapped his coat about her and
smothered the flames, so that she was only
slightly burned. Lizzie Anderson, aged 29,
fared worse. Her clothing was burned off,
and she is so badly injured that her life i»
despaired of. Her flesh was literally roasted
in places, and large sections of the cuticle
peeled off. All the other employees in the
building escaped without injury. The build
ing was a five-story stone front, and belonged
the Peek estate. The follow ing is a re "
vised statement of the losses and insurance:
The building was valued at about $6-3,000,
with a possible salvage of from $ 10,000 to
$15,000 ; insurance, $30,000. The contents,
owned by Lord, Stoughton & Co., was val
ued at $150,000, and is probably a total los» ;
insurance, $129,000.
Portland, November 23.—At a reception
held by Joel Hewball and wife at the resi
dence of the bride's father, near Kingdom
arsenic was used by mistake for soda. 1 * vt>
persons died ftom the effects, and about
thirty are dangerously ill.

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