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S3 <§ m u v\ m & m « Sc Volume xv. Helena, Montana, Thursday, December 23, 1880. No. 6 l't BLISIÏFD KVI'JtY THfR.SDA Y MOUSING Terms of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD; One Year................................. Six Month«.............................. Three Month«..................... Postage, in nil ea«e> Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: (My Kiil>«eribor«, Delivered by Carrier,?2 a month. ..........................Si8 00 9 00 One Year, by mail......... Six Month«, " ................. ' Three Monti»« , " .................. ---o--- Chnnyes of address will be made mSu 1 "' b n r \T fHt * i[ UST Otrc the post office HiOHn* well as the one TO which such chan a c i-,L f, in order to receive attention. 5 00 I promptty and ..&5 00 .. 3 00 .. 1 r>o All mimunicution.s «hould be addressed to b b s K PROS., Publisher«, Helena, Montana. (Ica « Informa tiun About .Montana. young gentleman, whose residence is communicates with this land, Ohio. journal, seeking additional information con cerning Montana to that already obtained. The writer, besides having a fair amount of I I tork of humor and relish of wit. He says: Pursuant to a desire to take up my resi dence in Montana, I am in quest of informa tion in regard to the resources and prospects oi that Territory. lam informed that stock raising is carried on with groater profit in Montana than anywhere in the United States; | that the mines, so far as developed, have y elded returns in gold, silver, eopper and lead that compare favorably with the richest ol Colorado; that the climate is equal in mildness to that ot Italy and France, and the atmosphere as health-giving as the ideal "Fountain of Youth;" in short, that Mon tana is the paradise of new countries, it be ing only necessary to hang a dollar upon a sage bush to be able to jack three therefrom in a hall hour at forwards. Can you give me the name of some party who is informed upon the points in question, or refer me to any local work or history' of the Territory from which I can form an approximate idea <;1 tlie opportunities offered to a y r oung man of 2ft, unmarried, with from $3,000 to $5,000 to invest, with his personal attention?" We have taken such pains as we could to enlighten the writer on the points specified He is mistaken only in supposing that ba. nana buds and orange blossoms are as free itodi Irost bites in the latitude of 46 degrees, north as iu the Tropics or beneath the sunny skies ot Italy, and as to the prolific nature of our sage brush as a coin-producer. There F such a thing as an occasional frost blight in Montana, and the best qualities of sage brush produce not to exceed two to one at most and irequently less. The chances are many for the safe and profitable investment of sums of monev varying from $3.000 to *5,000. has the Rapid Slow Telegraphy. .Now York Correspondence Detroit New« I. Some see in the partial success achieved by the New Rapid Telegraph Company the doom of the present system of telegraphy, iluy profess to be able to send an unlimit ed number of words per minute by their methods, while other companies cannot do letter than 40 or 50 words per minute. The Uapid Company doc*« not telegraph words painlully spelt out by the operator at a low rate of speed; it reduces messages to a few dots perforated on a piece of paper ; this paper is put into a machine and sent to the destination and reproduced there at the rate ol u thousand words a minute. It is claimed that with one wire they ean do as much Hork as older companies with a dozen. One win* between New York and Chicago will be all there is Avant ed for any passible amount of business. The difference betAveen it and other companies is that in the rapid system the difficulties «re met at either end of the hue. viz, in redueinga message to dots at one end and in deciphering it at the other, while uuder the old plan the difficulties are in the transmitting of the message, and that, too, at such a slow rate that a multiplicity of wire-« I« needed to keep up with the busi ne,ss - In the rapid system the transmission n notb î n g; the other it Is everything t he thing was pooh-hood at first, but the company is to-day operating lines between New york and Boston successfully, and its extension bids fain to revolutionize the whole •usiuoss, and render competition by the present system impossible. Restoring Respiration. Professor Fort has presented the question "• premature interments to the French Aead 1 r,l .v in a paper on artificial rspiration. One mentions is. that he was able to 'act he restore to life a child three years old by prac | 1( ing artificial respiration on it some four ours, commencing three hours and a half 1 1er apparent death. A similar ease is re ported by Dr. Fournol, of Billancourt, who reanimated a nearly-drowned person after oar hours of artificial respiration. The per * lad been in the Avater ten minutes, and !, ' doctor arrived one hour after asphyxia. Fort advocates also the utility of mcial respiration in order to eliminate the f rom the lungs and glands. The 'u^th oi time it is desirable to practice arti 1 1 r "Hpirution in any ease of apparent «u 1 Irani asphyxia may be said to lie sev ™ii lionrs. a 20 in Remedy for Diphtheria. The recent diphtherial cases reported in the Hebald have reached the eye of a lady reader, Mrs. B. F. Randes, of Grinnell, Iowa, who takes pains to send us the letter printed below, clipped from the Plattsburg, N. Y., Republican : " Mr. Editor : Allow me to say a few words of the greatest importance to the pub lic, through your journal, in regard to the terrible disease, diphtheria, which is raging m ith groat destruction of lives throughout the country. It has prevailed here to a fear I lui extent, quite a large number of cases prov big fatal. There is a family by the name of Light, , . mi] lers, who moved here from Rochester this season. Mrs. Light said to some of her nefoh I can kcred terribly. hors that recently she had an attack of dipli theria and cured herself by using kcrosinc oil as a gargle, and swallowing some. The remedy was so simple that our citizens didn't think anything of it until five of Joseph j Jelley's children were taken down with the disease. Their throats became swollen and Mrs. Jelley r sent after her I Miiwte, who haïw 1^; tllcIU swallow' some. The children recovered rapidly, and in a few days were out iu the street. Another neighbor, by the name of Lusia, a her son by the disease, to ascertain whether I it was really diphtheria or not. Mrs. Millette pronounced it diphtheria in a very danger ous form Airs. JeJley «aid she would -Mrs. Light s remedy, kcrosinc oil, which she gave her children as a gargle, and also had J I railroad track-master at this place, had throe children ill with diphtheria, and cured them with kerosine oil. William Emery bad four children taken down ; he gave them the same treatment nnd they recovered. Robert Gillette was taken with it, and cured himself with kerosine oil. John Reynolds, of Ingraham, had a daugh ter and niece cured by using the oil, after they had been given up for dead by the doctor. What is mast astonishing Is that no case has proved fatal when this remedy has been used. It is simple, cheap, and always at hand in all families throughout the land." Mrs. Sandes adds to the foregoing testi mony : " I know kerosine oil is valuable in diphtheria, and believe the above may be in a ly the true." er. The Prospector. [Nevada Monthly.] Behold the prospector Avho wandereth over the face of the earth. He traverseth the hills and pieketh the barren mountain with his pick. The pangs of hunger grip Ills boweLs in the morning, and at night he lieth down with only a blanket to cover him. And the greybacks come forth and rend him. And he lifteth up the voice of lamentation in the wilderness and cries aloud to heaven : "Why has this affliction come upon me, and why do the terrors of hell compass me round about?" And while he sleeps the Avolves chwour Ills substance. And when he findeth the croppings he dig goth in the ground and tacketh up the locar tion notice on a board. Then he hieth to the valleys and sayeth to the capitalist : "Harken unto me, for I have struck it big. Here are the samples from the ground, and behold the gold maketh lousey the rock Avith richness." And the twain return to find others toiling upon the claim. And the prospector graspeth his gun. say ing : "Get ye gone from here, for this is holy ground." And a lire coming out of the bush smites him on the hip, and he call th with a loud voice : "I am done for ; take off my boots." And they hasten to take off his boots, and the fragrance of his sock reaeheth unto heaven. And he giveth up the gost and is gathered to his fathers. And behold others work the mine*. A Man of Nerv e. A thrilling accident occurred at the Amer ican Iron Works, Ihttsburg, the other day. While Robert Moore Avas at work at his rolls his catcher failed to seize with its tongs a bar of Avhite hot iron, which had been placed between rolls. The iron tAvisted itself thrice around the roll, forming a "collar." The catcher struck the iron, Avhen there fleAV off a piece in the shape of a ring, with a stem 20 inches long running off at right angles to the circle. The band flew back and fell around Moors head, resting on Ills shoulders. Quick as thought he grabbed the long stem Avith his tongs and the Avhite hot ring with his hand, and Avith steady nerve and gentle movement lifted the fiery thing from his shoulders. His face Avas badly burned and the flesh on his hand Avas cut into the bone. After the iron had cooled he put the ring over his head. It Avas but tAvo inches larger in diameter than his head. in at off of the the and life the Y., MONTANA. Immigration*--Mining Developments- River Improvements---RaiIroad Building, Etc. The following are extracts from an inter view ot Capt. John B. LaBarge in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat : "Both Montana and Dakota are rapidly hilling up. Where last year there was noth ing but a wilderness along the river bank, this year there are squatters' cabins scatter ed everywhere, villages, and sometimes min ing towns, the growth of a year—for you know it does not take long for a town to grow up in the West country'. Dakota is fast becoming a farming country'; it is well watered, and the banks of its streams are covered with a thick growth of timber; back , . of Hie streams there is a prairie country' ex actl y suited for agriculture and stock raising, Whcat ' ryc '> oats ? nd Indian corn are the j staples, but the mills are so few that they still import a groat deal of Hour from St Louis. The upper part of Montana is a very rich mining region, the mountains being full of iron, copper, lead, silver and gold, the lat ter metal being both iu quartz and placer mines. The Judith mines in the Judith River Basin are of comparatively recent dis covery ; they are said to be very rich in gold-bearing quartz and free gold. A trad izäsää m I Judith City. I was shown very fine speci n . ien8 ofgold quartz from these mines, be- ^ des nu £8 ets of considerable size and gold Ä mines are recently opened, and are paying J ver .Y well, in spite of the fact that little im- proved machinery is used in getting out the ore The company which owns them intend, I understand, working them next year with all the modern appliances." RIYER IMPROVEMENTS. "What is being done in the wav of river improvement ?" "More than you would suppose. The depth of the Upper Missouri in low water is in places not more than 24 inches. The worst of these places have been improved. Ten years ago we could not have passed Dauphin Rapids after September. This year the work of the Government engineers lias made three feet of water there. A dozen of the ivorst places have been improved, so that a boat now rides over Snake Point in three feet of water, when last year it could scarce ly be passed at all. The engineers have em ployed the appropriations well, and have done a great deal in spite of the fact that the Government has not even given them a stem-wheel steamboat to work with. Every stroke of the ivork has been accomplished from flatboats, which they constructed them selves. It on in be railroads, "What about railroads ?" asked the report : er. "That Is a subject a little out of my line, and I am not veiy well posted. The North cm Pacific, as you know, comes in at Bis marck, and it has been carried over and is just completed to the Yellowstone, which it strikes at Glendive, 120 miles from the mouth of that river. There Is a splendid country, with plenty of timber around the place, and it Is rapidly building up. Another road, I believe it is the Chicago, Milwaukee &. St. Paul, strikes the river at Fort Pierre. This has not been very much to the advantage of Yankton, which is not the town it was, as the railroad towns are taking its trade." THE FUR TRADE. "Does the fur trade continue to be of anv importance ?" "Not so much as formerly, for it falLs off as the country settles up and game becomes scarce. This was a great year for buffalo, however, and there were more along the riv ers than I ever knew before. Buffalo robes are the principal peltry, though a big trade is done in beaver and wolf skius. Most of your fancy fur robes are made of wolf skins brought from the Upjier Yellowstone and Missouri. The men who have the most trad ing posts and do the largest business through out the country are I. G. Baker & Co., of St. Louis. "It is a vast country, an important country, and it will soon be full of people," said Capt. La Barge. courage the silver Deeds of Courage Rewarded. [London Telegraph.] Some notable deeds of unselfish were rewarded recently with medal of that excellent institution, the Royal Humane Society. Honor is due, in the first place, to a lady, twice noble—by birth and by compassion,—the Hon. Blanche Colville, who, at West Cowes, on August 4th, hearing that a poor girl was droAvning who had already twice sunk, plunged in the sea in her yachting dress as she stood, and, not withstanding the Aveight of her soaked gar ments, saved this all but lost life. Another brave breast decorated with the medal was that of Arthur Evans, a lad of 15 years, who, at Aberayron, in Cardiganshire, seeing a man carried beyond his depth and sinking, flung off his clothes, swam to the spot, dived thrice and finally brought up his prize by the hair of the head, saving him, but so narrowly that the gallant boy himself fainted whilst still in the Avater. William Chambers was the third of the trio of generous souls whose loviug kindness honors human nature. He descended a well at Ashford wherein two men had already been asphyxiated, and, iastening a rope to one of the sufferers, brought him up alive, returning for the other only to find a dead hotly. We salute with deep respect the English lady, the lad and the Avorkman. In these flays of cynicism and self-seeking they teach us the impressive lesson that there are many things better than life and dearer than length of years. so ol inter St. noth you to is are ex the SECRETARY SCHURZ' REPORT. The National Park---Some Sensible Suggestion as to Road and Other Iniprovements---Appropriation of *50,000 Recommended. St in We are indebted to Secretary Schurz for a copy ot his annual report, which Is probably the best prepared departmental paper of the year. It covers eighty-odd pamphlet pages, and embraces many features of interest, some of which have heretofore been referred to in these columns. In the report the Territories of Utah, Wyoming, Dakota, and Idaho are treated of at some length and to their advan tage. Montana Is passed wholly unnoticed, for the reason, probably, that through some negligence in Montana, no information was furnished or report made to the Secretary, as was done by the Governors of the other Territories named. Secretary Schurz, who personally visited the National Park last autumn, makes some valuable suggestions and recommendations looking to the improve ment and protection of Wonderland. Ills description of the region and other matters referred to are of interest. We quote from the report as follows : "The building of the Utah & Northern railroad has made the Yellowstone National Park more accessible ; and it may be assum ed that the number of visitors would now rapidly increase if the park itself were pro vided with facilities of travel. The original intention of Congress in reserving that inter esting region from sale or other disposal was undoubtedly that it should become a popular to i I place of resort by the people of the United States. 1 his was a wise measure ; but a per- to States, sonal inspection convinced me that much re mains to be done to give that measure the desired effect. Yellowstone Park covers an area of 3,000 square miles. Its western part contains the largest known geysers in the world, far grand er than those of Iceland, California, New Zea land and Formosa ; and hot springs of signal beauty and remarkable mineral properties. It is in this respect certainly the most inter esting region on this continent, and perhaps on the lace of the earth ; and the medicinal qualities of its waters, so far only in part an alyzed and ascertained, may render it one of the most important restorative resorts for the afflicted. At the same time it presents moun tain scenery of peculiar beauty, north, west, and south of Yellowstone Lake ; while the grotesque rock formations and the intense ing at ent, is of coloring of the grand canyon of the Yellowstone river present a spectacle iu the highest degree grand and unique. So far, the larger part of the park has remained au almost unbroken wilderness. A wagon road has been constructed from the Mammoth Hot Springs, near the northern border, to the geyser basins, a distance of about 55 miles, which, however, Is rough and imperfect iu grading. The Shoshone and Yellowstone lakes, the magnificent falls of the Yellowstone river, and some of the most interesting mountains and valleys are acces sible only by trails and bridle paths, in part of difficult passage. There is not a single ho tel in the park to accommodate tra\*elers * and while a stage line has been established' to take visitors to the geyser basins, they are left there without any further means of con veyance. To accomplish the object for which the reservation was intended, it Is indispen sably necessary that the road connecting the Mammoth Hot Springs with the geyser ba sins should be greatly improved ; that wagon roads should be constructed from there to Shoshone and Yellowstone Lakes; that a bridge should be built across the Yellow stone river aboA e the falls ; and that a further system oi \vagon roads should be laid out in the direction of the mountain ranges. It is also necessary, in my opinion, that tiie de partment be authorized to lease little tracts of land at different points of interest to pri * ate persons Avilling to erect hotels, under such regulations as may be devised for the protection and convenience of the public. The law as it stands authorizes this depart ment to conclude such leases for ten years; but it will be difficult to find respomnbleper- I sons willing to erect suitable buddings onso I short a tenure. Only one proposition of this kind has reached the department. I would therefore, recommend that the department be authorized to make the leases for a term of I in the discretion oni^Seereteiy ^^he In terior, the interests of the traveling mil »lie may require. raveling pubhc | may require I have no doubt that if the territory of the park were disposed of by sale or otherwise to private persons, private enterprise would soon furnish all the conveniences necessary without any outlay on the part of the gov ernment ; but it is also probable that under such circumstances the traveling public would be subjected to tolls and extortions of so annoying and burdensome a nature that thereby the original intention of Congress would be virtually defeated and the park be come a place of resort only to persons of laree means. I de " " the intention with whieli the reservation was originally made is not to be defeated, that the government retain control of the park ; but if it does, it is also the plain duty ol the go\ crament to take such measures as are necessary to make it accessible to the people. To this end an appropriation for next year of at least $50,000 for the construc tion of a suitable system of roads and bridges would seem advisable. I would aLso make the following recom mendations : First. That a board of three competent a I deem it, therefore, important, if itinn -with whip}» thn WiOAr-t'A+i/w» I persons be appointed by the President to su perinted the laying out and building of roads and bridges and to make plans for further improvements, and to make the necessary contracts, and to audit the accounts therefor; the members of such board to receive no sal ary, but to have their actual expenses allow ed while engaged in the discharge of their duties; that this board be authorized to em ploy a competent person as custodian of the park, at a salary of-dollars, and also to organize a police force of at least ten mem bers, to afford visitors the necessary protec tion and aid, to protect the craters of the geysers and basins of the hot springs from destruction and defacement, and to enforce the regulations mentioned below. Secondly. That the Secretary of the In terior be authorized to invite the Academy of Science to designate a proper person to ob serve the extraordinary volcanic phenomena in the park, to analyze its waters, and to make a report thereon, a suitable compensa tion therefor to be allowed by this depart ment. In view ol the fact that the destruction of game is going on in the Western country at a rapid rate ; that some of the valleys of the National Park have for years been favorite places for the wholesale slaughter of elk and deer ; that it would be desirable to preserve in some locality specimens of the more nota ble wild animals of that region, and that the Yellowstone Park appears to be a very suit able place for that purpose, I have deemed it proper, under the Law authorizing the Secre tary of the Interior to make regulations for the government of the park, to prohibit the hunting and killing of game in it altogether; while fishing, except with nets and seines, is to be left free. Regulations have also been made concerning the grazing of cattle on the pasture lauds of the park. As the enforce ment of some of these regulations will re quire the I- enactment of a law providing a penalty for their violation, a draught of a bill to that end will lie submitted to the eonsider ation of Congress." of A Lesson in .Manners. [Galveston News.] He was a rough looking customer ; it a va« plain to see that he had never enjoyed the advantage of a collegiate education. He stalked into the railroad office, his object be ing to see the .Superintendent, Avhom we shall call Jones, because that does not sound at all like his name. "Is Jones in ?" he baAvled out. The clerk, motioning to the Superintend ent, replied : "That gentleman is Mr, Jones." The intruder Avalked up to Superintendent Jone's desk and said : "I've got a letter for you." The Superintendent does not believe in an excess ot style, but he thinks the proprieties ought to be maintained. (i "My dear sir," said the Superintendent, don t you think it would have been more appropriate for you to have entered quitely walked up to the desk of the clerk, and said 'good morning ?' He would have pass ed the compliment of the season, and asked you what yon desired. On* your requesting to see me the clerk would have pointed me out to you. You might have said 'good morning.' I Avould have responded in an .appropriate manner." lhe man turned on his heel and A\ _ alkcd out, without saying another Avord, but it was not long before he came in. He tripped up to the clerk, and doffing his hat, made a bow that Chesterfield might have envied, and said in a musical tone of voice : "Good morning, sir." "Good morning, sir," responded the clerk. Looking straight at the Superintendent, he asked : ''Will you be kind enough to point me ont Mr. Jones, the Superintendent of the road ?" "That gentleman sitting at the desk there Is Mr. Jones." "Thanks," said he, tripping over to the desk of Mr. Jones, Avhere he boAved once more, removing his hat and asked : "Mr. Jones, I belie\ r e?" "Yes, sir, that's my name." The stranger craned his neck out, and as a demoniac scowl passed o\'er his features he hissed out : "Mr. Jones, you ean go to the devil." "Got a Corner.'' I „ that î urned , his *»ccï, and •*» I g 1 ramrod ' he marched out [From the Erie (Pa.) Dispatch. road 1 the mi* 16 n J ornin " . trains over the Erie r0B £ ^*5, otber da ^ a former-looking man walked the length of a car without finding an empty seat, and he sIoavIv returned to one occupied by a lone man, who at once spread himseli out as much as possible and suddenly became deeply interested in his newspaper. The farmer halted beside the seat, but the other made no movement. Each after a full minute had passed there was r.o sign that he meant to share his quarters with the other. Then the fanner touched his arm and said : "If you hang on long enough you'll make f/vrf iitia M a fortune. "WLat—what's other as he looked nn LIT 1 l ■% . - . that, sir ?" demanded the "It's a big thing—hang on to it!" whisper ed the former. 4 ^ i* a t is it? What do you mean sir ?" I tumble, but I won't giA'e it awav *" chuckled the farmer. "What do you mean, sir ?" I mean that you ha\'e got 1 he biggest corner on the hog market ever known in this country, and if you don't make a million dol lars out of it I'll eat codfish for a year." Half of that seat was suddenly vaepted, but the farmer preferred to stand up and brace against the stove.