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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 01, 1881, Holiday Number, Image 4

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FISK BROS., - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, -
Editor.
SAT1K OAÏ. JAXl'ARY 1, 1881.
[Written for the Herald.]
TBE ÜI5HÏ5 OF TEEE1TQE1ES IN IBS
ELECTION OF PRESIDENT,
BY HENRY X. BLAKE.
The citizens of the United States have
has been disregarded since the nineteenth
centurv dawned. The members of the Fed
cral Convention wished to avert the evils
which had been attendant upon the popular
flections of nations that existed before 1787.
Governed by this purpose, they rejected by a
Governed by this purpose, they rejected by a
large majority thc proposition to confer upon
flu*' people the right of electing the Chief
Magistrate of the Union. Their deliberations
.1 i i* 1 .
resulted in the adoption of the second article,
which provides that each State shall appoint
a number of electors, who are required to vote
s, and that the President and
for two persons,
Vice-President shall be chosen from the list
of these persons. "No Senator or Represen
tative. or person holding an office of trust or
prolit under the United States, shall lx 1 ap
noin ted an elector." The twelfth amend
iiieiit to the Constitution requires the electors
lo designate the person voted foras President
or Vice-President, but the essential features
of thc original system have not been changed,
It must Ik* conceded that strong reasons
were urged ;n support ol this method ot
" cluising " these officers. Alexander Hamil
pointment of the Chief Magistrate ot the
United States is almost the only part of the
ton in the Federalist , which was published
March 14th, 1788, writes: "The mode of ap-1
system, of any consequence, which lias es
caped without severe censure, or which has
received the slightest mark of approbation
When we review the
from its opponents."
history of the intense and bitter campaign
that was fought by the friends of the Con
stitution to secure its ratification, and see its
enemies mass their forces and attack every
pari in the hope of finding a vulnerable point,!
it is a safe conclusion that this "system" was
unmolested because it was impregnable.
Many commentators have expressed their
earnest approval of this American principle
in politics, and a reference to their opinions
may be instructive. Chancellor Kent in his
Commentaries observes: "The mode ol elect
ing the President appears to he well calcu
lated to secure a discreet choice. * :i :: '
This would seem, prima fade, to be as wise a
provision as the wisdom of man could have
devised, to avoid all opportunity for foreign
or domestic intrigue. * * There is no
other mode of appointing the Chief Magistrate, ;
under all the circumstances peculiar te our j
political condition, which appears to unite in
itself so many unalloyed advantages." Ham
ilton in the Federal id, which has been cited,
ays : " 1 venture somewhat further, and hes
itate not to affirm, that if the maimer of it |
be not perfect, it is at least excellent. '•*■
This process of election affords a moral cer
tainty that tin* office of President will sel
dom fall to the lot of any man who is not in
an eminent degree endowed with the requis
ite qualifications. * It will not be
too strong to say that there will be a con
stant probability of seeing the station filled
by characters pre-eminent for ability and vir
tue."
From these and similar remarks by other
writers and the members of the Federal Con
vention, wc learn that the electors were to
be selected on account of their integrity and
eminent fitness for this exalted honor ; that j
it was their public duty to exercise their pri
vate judgment in voting for the most worthy
person for President; that their ballots would
be controlled by patriotic motives and could
not be attracted from their course by foreign
Joes or domestic friends; and that they would
have no personal ends to subserve in their
official conduct, because they were citizens '
holding no positions of profit or trust under j
tile United »States. It was not difficult to :
point out the most skillful helmsman for thc j
ship ol'state during the first two administra- i
tions of the new Republic, and the electors
with one mind named Washington. Dur
ing the succeeding administration of John
Adams partisan fires were kindled in every
village of tin* country, and this Utopian fab
ric of the creators of the Union was destroy
ed in the flames. From that epoch to the
present month the electors have been auto
matic in their action, .and, in reality, have
had no greater power or discretion in voting
for the President than the elector of Hesse
Cassel. The delegates to conventions, com
prising persons who entertain the same views j
of the policy of the National Government, j
nominate candidates for the highest offices ;
ill the gill of the people—not the elec
tors. What is popularly know n as the spirit '
of the Constitution has last its vitality in an-11er
other respeet. The Senators and Représenta
lives and persons holding office of profit or
trust under the United States, who are ineli -1
gible to the position of elector, in order that
they cannot influence the choice of the Presi
». . . !
dent, are not only members of the national po
litical conventions, but they are the leaders of
every laetion and wield a vast authority in se
lecting their candidates. The electors, who vot
ed recently for James A. Garfield or Winfield S.
.r , ,. ,, i
Hauc-ock for I resident, executed respectively |
the will of the Itepublican National Conven - 1
tion and the Democratic National Conven
tion which convened for these objects. If an
elector should [»erforni his duty according to
the original system, which has been describ
ed, and vote for a person for Chief Magistrate
who had not l»een designated by his political
organization, he would be condemned to in
famy, and would
_ ,. j "Godown
To thc vile dust from which he sprung
unwept, unhonored and unsung."
11 * 8 proper to comment upon another de
partr.re ol'this generation from the ideas pre
vailing in the last century. The privilege of
"chusing" the electors was conferred u]>oii
the States, and the voice of the Territories
was silenced. In ISfjS, the Republican Na
tional Convention, after a discussion in which
Hon. Wilbur F. Sanders of this Territory sus
tained an honorable part, and vindicated
most ably the right of the delegates from the
Territories to act by their votes, abolished all
distinctions between the members. This
precedent was followed by the national as
semblies of the party in 1872, 1876 and 1880,
and in pursuance of the decisions of the last,
the call for the future convention in 1884
their ballots at four conventions for the per
sons who triumphed in the canvass, and
thereby shared with the States the high priv- 1
; ilege of voting for President and Vice-Presi
dent, n effect, the delegates to such bodies,
by the faithful performance of their duties,
by the faithful performance ot tneir unties,
can fill the niche designed for the electors by
j the Constitution. j
j The vriter, who participated in thc Repub
1 i nn r» VotiAnol fVim-ûnf imi 111 1 Ptill fiCSlPvf i 1
| bean National Convention m i»»u, can assert
bom actual knowledge that there will he no ;
j retreat from this advance # movement. The :
Democratic councils have opposed this inno
vat ion, although they have sometimes given
to contestants from the Territories, which
were ignored in the official call, the pinch
beck bmble of a membership without any
] votes. During my sojourn in Cincinnati,
j while he last Democratic convention was in
session the proposition to grant to delegates
! from tie Territories equal rights with those f
j from tte »States was a subject ot conversation, j
not discission, for there was only one opinion
utteredby those in authority, that of unqual
ified cotdemnation. The report of the eom
a
seats ii this assembly, vas adopted imani
! mouslyand a motion to allow the Territories ,
1 mittee,that considered and denied the prayer
of the ctizens from Territories who claimed
representation upon the Democratic National ;
; Commitee was rejected, in my interviews
; with n»ny delegates the sole reason that i
! ' vas givn tor this \ icw ot the question was r
i loundei upon the tact lhat the Territories
; have n. electoral votes. This is not a sub
| jeet of lartizansliip, and the welfare of the
j Territoies will he promoted by a change of
this poicy by the Democratic party. The
j argumet which has been presented may be
; refuted>y the following considerations:
The .'resident and Vice-President are ofti
j cers of the United »States, which embrace
I within heir boundaries a region that has been
I divided for
known is »States and Territories. The Terri
tories ae »States in embryo, which will be ad
of
no
convemence into communities !
mittedinto the Union with the sovereignty
of the, oiginal thirteen as soon as Congress so
provide! by legislation. The only standard
which hs been consulted in determining the
proper tme for this action has varied with
; cver y deade. After each census the nupi
j ,>er of iniabitauts forming a district for thc 1 ?
election o' a member of the National House
of Represeitatives has been increased, and it
has been assumed that no Territory should
be allowed t> enter the condition of »Statehood,
| unless it con ai ns the same population. There
is no law or lxed rule controling this subject,
and the consiliences have been of general
as well as loul interest. The Constitution
declares that " he number of Representatives
shall not exceed one for every thirty thou
sand, hut each Stak* shall have at least one
Representative.' At the time that th\s clame
was adopted by die Federal Convention every !
»State had over fifty thousand " numbers." It j
is evident that tie admission into the Union I
of Territories hating less than thirty thou- ■
sand was contemplated, because the foregoing
j tu
of
on
a
. ,, . not
inapplicable to the ong
limitation was ____ _______ ____ _
• , t<* ».i. 4-4 4- i 4 j »
mal States. It the constitutional standard, ,
;
and
'thirty thousand" could be applied by
Congress, all the Territories, except Idaho,
would liecome »States. The clause of the Con
stitution, which provides that "new »States
may be admitted by the Congress into this
Union," is a grant of [lower without any re
strictions as to population.
The Republican National Convention has
enforced the rule of equity which considers
that as done which should be done, and treat
ed the Territories according to the relations
which they should sustain to the Union. We
have seen that the Territories are entitled to
gates from a
demand as a right under the Constitution
admission into the family of States, but Con
gress refuses gto ivc its consent until the
number ot men, women and children rises to
certain figures. As the Territories are de
prived ot their electoral votes through this
wrong, there is no justice in the position that
they should for this cause lose the privilege
of balloting for the candidates for President
in a political convention. The absurdity of
this position may be shown by its application
to the »States. If it is proper to exclude dele
it,
tie
1
iis
* --------------— »
4 * kor,
» » National Convention, L. f
y îepresent Territories which can- J
because they ^ ______________________
not vote for electors, why should States like m .
Vermont and Iowa, that will repudiate its
nominees, be permitted to dictate candidates
States which wiil give them thekelttoml
ballots? Another question may be asked in
this connection. If it is political wisdom to
admit into a national convention member?
for
take
from »States, which are sure to vote against *
its candidates, why should it reject delegate»
- _ . J rail
full
. . Territories that cannot yield any liLs
lllJ toi teolyBCTte. The same logic woulc lire
to etee itadooM^raimt déterres
like K'pnti.xi-t- t, . .. ' a ^ God
. ^ and i^exas, mid desjierse the with
national assembly of the Greenbackers, be-! love
cause they are like the Territories and have bu
no electoral votes.
There are two ancient maxims which seem
to be pertinent to this matter: that reason is
as
the soul of the law, and that when the reason ccpt
of the law ceases, the law'itself ceases It
mmit be adm^that Z li :
tothe creation of the electors in the choice of : a
Pi-esident and \ ice-President ceased to exist
many years ago, and that this provision of tc
!
Bacon says " He that will not apply new rem
edies must expect new evils, for time is the
greatest innovator.'' One of the certainties
of the future is the adoption of an amend
ment to the Constitution that will abolish
the electoral trustees, and confer upon every
American citizen, dwelling inside of the lines
of States or Territories, the power of voting
directly for President. Those who maintain
that the Territories should be deprived of the
privilege enjoyed by the States in national
political councils cannot justify their conduct
by standing upon ground which has been re
moved by the progress of the age.
A national convention of partisans is not,
■purpose of proclaiming their views of public
affairs and making nominations for President
1 and Vice-President. It is not an assembly of
Republicans, or Democrats, or Greenbackers
of the States alone, but the whole country,
and the wishes of every section should be j
ana tne wisnes oi every section snouia oe
consulted so that the majority may rule. No j
advocate of a political dogma living within a !
Territory should be disfranchised by his j
1 i.1_____ 1 ll TTS1 4 -, « P Tl. « !
brethren in the »States. The people of the
Territories have a deeper personal interest j
than those of the States in the occupant of
the Presidential chair, while he nominates |
their governors, judges and other officers,
jt would be unjust to conclude these sug
gestions without tendering an apology in be
half of the Democratic party for its action on
this question. The persons assuming to rep
resent the Territories have not vindicated by j
argument the claims of their constituents he -1
f ore an y Democratic National Convention.
the recent session of this body in 1880, j
Mr. Pulitzer, ot Missouri, denounced in scorn- !
ful words the motion to allow each Territory :
a member of the National Committee. How
was he answered? This was the golden occa- j
sion for a Territorial delegate to champion
the interests confided to Ills charge, and speak i
not on ]y to the audience in the hall, but the
world, and future as well as living genera-j
kons. Where was the orator who would
rus } 1- jjfi e Sanders in 1868, from the Territo- i
r j a ] benches to the platform to rebuke the !
insolence of Pulitzer, and defend the vital
Then
principle which had been attacked?
was no
"Abdiel faithful found
Among the faithless"
delegates from the Territories, and amidst
such an eventful and disgraceful silence a
great privilege was lost. When the friends
of this measure were recreant to their trust,
no censure attaches to those who were gov
erned the Prisions of thcir predecessors ,
j
i
:
and opposed it, for
"Who would he free, themselves must strike thc |
Wow." ^ ^ __ j
^ - our ßi s fi 0
? rd el . J our t . 0p
BISHOP TUTTLE'S FAREWELL EPISTLE.
To the Clergy and People of Montana :
Dearly Loved Friends: In an hour or
two the Rev. L. R. Brewer is to be conse
Then is made over to
him the name I have always been proud of
and have loved—the Bishop of Montana.
It becomes me to say my good-bye. My
heart, torn with sorrowfulness at this rup -1
tu re, tells how you are imbedded in it
Precious memories crowding themselves up
on me this hour, witness how lovingly good
you have been to me. Let me say out my
sadness. The valleys and hillsides, the very
nooks and crannies of your Territory, are
dear to me from association. Your clergy
and men and women'and children and homes
more dear from ties of fond afiection. I were
a stone statue could I speak this farewell
unmoved. Sad indeed sit I now to write it.
Sadder settles the feeling at this hour
when my oversight of you ends, that I have
I
not done for you or among you as well as
J G J
ought or might. Things have been done
, T ,
that I ought not to have done and left un
done that I ought to have done. Y ou have once
and again said kind words to me alxmt my dili
gence and, as you were pleased to see and call
it, my faithfulness. Love prompted these
words, and my heart is touched at recalling
:hem. But God knows how, to Him and me,
his your picture is marred by selfishness
ind earthliness. The book of my pastoral
stewardship of your souls closes itself nowunto
tie one only opening of the last: Great Day.
1 am praying God to forgive the debts and
licks, the wastes and losses and sins of un
iithfnlness in that record, for the merciful
feivior s sake !
But. saddest crowds the thought, that i
nany of you whom I
dearlv love and who
lave been tenderly kind to me, have not
jlaced yourselves freely and fully on the
lord's side as earnest communing Chistians.
)ear, dear, friends, I beg you, I pray for you, ;
iirn you to God in faith and prayer and '
•bedience- and Holy Baptism and Holv Cmn- !
minion. »Seek ye the Kingdom of God and
iis righteousness. Be grate
'. . ;
, , . » 4 - ii o y°ur ». v
kor, and kmd to your own souls. Wanne ;
L. f h no , hamiiness in it for von mrl
™ „.„11 _
!
m . e ' and coming death no well-founded peice
wlthout thrist
But }>e my CÏOfSlll S word oue 01 gladness.
Montana ^Bishop of its own. 'TLsThe right |
tlimg *° r Montana to have - Tls tilie
But be my closing word ouc of gladnss. i
for her to have him. Let us "thank God £nd
take courage," you w ith me and I with vku. !
* ^ y0U * ove and as you
e l°\ ed aud helped me. Give him y dir
rail eontldencp nr» Lie LnnUc Cli»ni.
full confidence. Stay up his hands. Chier
liLs heart. Under him prayerfully make you !
lire ilaxter's can® grow and the churck's ;
brethren lieloved! Good-bye! That meals,
God be with you! He will helpfully bile j
with you, if y^ou trustfully' lean on him. Yy
love and prayers are yours. With an almost !
bu ^mg heart I lay down my pastoral »stiff'
as Bishop of Montana. God help me. Àmea. I
DAN'L. S. TUTTLE. ;
* '
A young man possessed of no fortune e:
ccpt a brave and energetic wife located thr**
,, , ' ^
lltomHdel — — ^
a wagon and harness for'$135,' anT^d
mules for a like amount, on credit, and weit
tc work. His homestead is now free fron
paid for and he owns considerable stocl

[Written for the Herald.]
IBS MONTANA MISSION OF TBS METHO
DIST SFISOOFAL CHURCH.
BY KEY. F. A.
BIGGIN, A.
DENT.
M., SUPERINTEN
In response to your kind invitation to pre
pare an account of our mission and its work
for your holiday edition. I take great pleas
ure in communicating such facts as are at
j my command or have come within my
observation. Its boundaries are defined by
| the Discipline of the Methodist Episcopal
not, Church to include the Territory ot Montana,
third parallel of north latitude ; and, also,
; so much of the Territory of Idaho as lies di
of I rectly north of the Utah mission, and also
| the Fort Hall Indian reservation. That part
| of Montana included in the Black Hills mis
j sion is between the 104° and 105° w. longi
"" and 46° n. latitude—a small
southeast corner, more easily
Black Hills region.
At various jioints throughout this vast area
siun is oeiweeii uic iu
j tude and the 45° and 4<
a ! portion of the southeai
j reached from the Black
« ! A4- 4-Vtn/
j are interests of Methodism committed to the
of care of this mission. The extremes of our
| work, by the usual routes of travel, are 700
miles apart in one direction and 500 in an
other. It is the duty ot the Superintendent
to visit each section as often as practicable,
and to report the condition of each field to
the corresponding secretaries of the Mission
j ary Society of the Methodist Episcopal
-1 Church.
At most of the important centers we have
j preachers in charge, to whom are committed
! the oversight ol our churches and the mem
: bership of the same. They are supported in
part by the people and in part by funds ap
j propriated from collections to the missionary
cause of our church. YV heuever a charge is
i able to support its own preacher, the kinds
of the Missionary Society are withdrawn and
go to build up a new work unable to bear
alone its entire expenses. We have as yet
i but onel sef-supporting charge—the Lemhi
! Circuit, with headquarters at »Salmon City,
, .
Idaho. This was the last organized. The
people of that locality, however, are thrifty,
liberal and public-spirited, and appreciative
of the institutions of Christianity. There
are other charges on nearly a self-supporting
j basis, and in a short time will compare very
i favorably with church work anywhere.
The fields we already occupy are :
Helena. Rev. S. P. Longstreet, pastor. Here
: we have a fine brick church and a neat, nice
a membership of 95, with a tiour
... .
| ishing »Sunday School. Preaching by the pastor
j every Sabbath, morning and evening. Con
gregations are good.
Bozeman, Rev. George Conilbrt, pastor. In
this charge we have the largest Protestant
church in the Territory—a brick edifice that
would do credit to a much larger place—a
membership of about 30, with a flourishing
; Sunday School
Tirn+Vw»r CY.ixfni-f i
Hrotner vomioit preacnes j
twice every Sabbath to intelligent and appro- \
ciative audiences. !
Glentlale aüd Jeffersol i valle >'> Iiev - Hu ë h
| Duncan, pastor. We have a neat frame church
! at fYlenclale, built under the supervision of
Brother Duncan. It is located on Main street, j
and centrally planted for that growing place, j
It has been most generously helped by the j
gentlemanly officers of the Hecla Mining
Company, and our church work there will
ever he indebted to their kindly aid for its
prosperity. Brother Duncan also preaches at
various places in Jefferson valley—at Fish
Creek, Waterloo, Iron Rod and Twin Bridges.
At some of these places we have live mem
bers and interesting Sunday Schools, with a
church membership of ?>5. The outlook is
hopeful.
Beaverhead and Bannack, Rev. W. C. Ship
pen, pastor. There are seven preaching places i
and two church edifices, one at Sheridan and j
tlie other at Bannack, with a membership ol |
75 and several flourishing Sunday »Schools, j
Fifteen hundred dollars have recently been j
raised for the erection of a church at Dillon, j
which will lie completed as rapidly as pos
as pos
sible.
Virginia City, Rev. \V. A. »Shannon, pastor.
This is a prosperous work. Grace M. E.
Church is a monument of the liberality of j
4i.„ e«a.i r«*,. hm-------------:_4 ---- 4» I.
the »Social City. There are six appointments, j
In the farming settlements contiguous— j
Meadow creek, Madison valley, Ruby valley, j
Adobetown and Puller's Hot Springs—we i
liave good congregations and liberal support
ers. Our preacher travels from fifteen to
twenty miles between appointments, reach
ing Virginia every Sabbath evening. There
Ls a membership of about 35. with .several
Sunday Schools.
d.Garv in, B. D., pastor. W e
h f\ ea beautiful brick church nearly com- j
pleted—the gem of the mountains. It is like !
— cannot be hid Mem
y uuimummu. xuem .
,)ershi P about 70. Our Sunday »School at ;
Butte is as prosperous as any in Montana.
prosperous
The entire church work, under th*
efficient i
40
h ? eftaL H f h f recently completed a par
of is exceedingly |
sonage on the church lot, in the rear of the ;
church *
^ un Di'ei and lort Benton
Rev M J
' ' 1
Hall, pastor. This work Ls new, but exceed- j
ingly hopeful. Our pastor travels almost
constantly. His circuit Ls aliout 100 miles !
»»
* a i
yet :
long. Owing to the difficulty of securing
snital , k . 1)tac e of worship, wê have not
or 8 : ' nized »* Fort Benton. As soon as possi- :
We we will erect a church on lots already
provided At »Sun River and Chestnut settle
L nt . Chestnut settle
& "°° d congregations and lib
eral su PP°rters ; as also at South Fork of Sun
River.
Salmon City and Lemhi valley, Rev. L. C . 1
A ley, pastor. Recently organized, with fine '
^ P Kecently or ^
prospects. Our membership is about 20. The ^
^ P ' C hearty sympa
' hy Wi ' h ° Ur W ° rk ' and haV ' CM " rib " tol lib -
T'^ ^
erally to the support of the church.
Miles City. Rev. George Aldersou, a local
preacher, has maintained religious sendees
for some time. Owing to the pressure of
„*i»„ , _ , , 1
other engagements, I have been unable to
visit that section, and cannot speak from
personal observation. It is our purpose, how
ever, t<> aid in a vigorous work in this locality.
Missoula and Bitter Root, no pastor. We
have a neat frame church at Missoula, at
present occupied by other denominations. As
soon as we can get a suitable man and are
able to provide for his support, we will re
occupy the field.
There are other and important fields which ;
we will soon occupy. We have now nine I
regular preachers and eight church edifices, ;
„ , onn » , ,
and over 300 members. We have, also,
i ,, , , , .. .
several worthy local preachers, one ot whom, I
Rev. W\ W. Van Orsdel, deserves especial
There is expended annually from $5,000 to i
$10,000 that comes from the East to aid in
; this work. Our missionary and church ex- j
tension funds are liberally bestowed. The
people are also liberal in their aid. _
preachers are earnest and active, and will |
j compare very favorably with others engaged !
i n similar work in Montana or elsewhere. j
| My duties as Superintendent take me !
everywhere throughout this vast mission j
;
q ~ I
j field. I know the character of our people as
few others do. Iam mast thoroughly con
; vinced that Montana and Idaho cannot be
surpassed for the general intelligence of their
j inhabitants. Our lawyers are able and learn
ed. The bar of Montana will compare fa
vorably with those of the largest cities. Our
j physicians are skillful. Our merchants and
business men of various avocations are shrewd
and prosperous. Our newspapers cannot be
surpassed for their energy, greatness and
ability. Our country, too, is prospering. ;
Every locality lecls the inspiration of a new
Hte. The coming year will bring unusual
; prosperity. Our valleys are beautiful; our
mountains are grand; our ranges almost !
boundless ; our mines are fabulously rich :
and numerous. Ouv climate, too, though
! sometimes rigorous, is healthy and in vigor
ating, and for so northern a locality remark
ably tine in winter. Since November 20th,
and during all of the cold weather, 1 have
traveled nearly 800 miles, most of the dis
tance in my own buggy, over the main range
of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho, and
only using a sleigh for thirty miles in one of
our valleys. This distance could have been
traveled as easily in a buggy or stage coach.
This fact will show how open for travel our
routes are even in winter.
, , .. i , , ;
\\ e have reason to teel proud oi our A\ est
1 I
ern home. Every Montanian should rejoice j
in the prosperity of our Territory, and also ;
in our church work. Our schools, too, are
0 ur pride. Where do the common schools
j excel ours? I am * glad to see everywhere
j such interest manifested for the welfare of
j the schools,
! The work of the church is to build up
society. In every locality the churches should
he sustained. I am gratified to see the pros-1
! perity of the general church work of Mon- j
i . t- . . , , i
j tana. From a personal acquaintance and as- ;
\ sociation with nearly every preacher of our
! own and other churches throughout the Ter
ritory, I find them the peers of those I have
met anywhere. Our young men are educated
and active, graduates of Eastern colleges and
j promising. Our older ones have come from
j some of the finest pulpits in the East. Gen
j erously aid and support them in their exalted
our frontier field it is remarkable. I firmly j
believe that the itinerant is nowhere more !
kindly received by the great mass of the peo
calling, and in the near future Montana's so
ciety will equal the most refined on earth.
I notice in every community a growing in
terest in church work. I-'rom the nature of i
it
pie than in Montana. Owing to the building
of new homes and many other circumstances
incident to a new country, there is not that
generous financial liberality everywhere man
ifested as exists in some places, but it is be
coming more general, and a more hearty wel
come can hardly be extended. The stage i
comp anies charge us only half fare. Many | Pi
hotels charge nothing, or greatly reduced |
rates, while nearly every house of the ranch
men is open to our incoming. Not withstand
ing our Eastern friends are often uneasy i
" , . .. *■ j
about us m our far off field of labor, w e i
travel at less expense, with less fear of dan- !
ger or suffering, and even with less inconven-i s
I. ..... •- !
ience than in the same way to the same ex
tent in any country. I hope with the com
ing of the tide of greater temporal prosperity
there will also come greater spiritual activity,
until every valley and mining camp shall be
decked with these grandest of adornments,
Temples of the Living God, and warm Chris
tian home to which to welcome the stranger.
EDUCATIONAL COUNCIL.
On flic 4th day of January, 1881, there will
of
of
of
is
convene in Helena the most important educa-1
tional meeting ever held in Montana. This ; *
&
C01
W1
council in the interest of public education |
ill consider thc present and prospective ; i
v alue of our land grants, our future need j
j- th t sh ]d ° j inaugurated ol) j of
l^bcy^that shouldjiow ^inaugurated to ol>- ;
«f institutions of higher «dueatta». tod the i
tain them; our need ot normal institutes
" " 1 ' fi»r llin i l'»i in ,nnf . 41» rt : un
and schools for the training of teachers; the
defects in our present system of examining :
A ». . , , , ;
an d licensing teachers ; liovv to secure a com- r
petent, thorough and economical supervision !
of schools ; the remedy for weak districts | of
and short school terms; and such adjust-: P
, ...» » » ,
ments ol the school law as will secure j
promptly its demands for reports and stalls- j 0
MONTANA COAL.
G< >al of a good quality has been found in
various parts of Montana. The Carbon Moor
mine, fifteen miles distant, supplies a very
considerable amount of coal for Helena con
sumption. It is of good bituminous quality,
is used for fue. and biacksmithmg purposes,
and makes a fair article of coke. Coal veins
have also been developed near Bozeman, on
the Dearborn, north of Helena, on the Mis
souri below Benton, and at other points. This
is a source of wealth that will take great
prominence in the Territory in future years.
of
its
in
of
[Written for the Herald.]
SUBLIMITY OF MONTANA SCENERY,
«V JOHN POTT EU.
In the general appearance which the r U( ..
° t ie toun presents, Montana is one of
m °' f 1 )U tuiesqm regions in the world
; T ' ^" Cry ' COnSlsti,1Ji ot * mountains, rocks,
; " li ^ S ' (an A° n?> and lapids, is all on the
I " 10S sa ^P eru ous stale. The extent <>i vision,
; bl ' ore( ' l P ure Atmosphere, stretches hnn
deeds ot miles over a country filled with Wt,
. J 1,1 '°tn
mountain ranges, beautiful vallevs and »
I •' au( i \er
dant foot hills.
An idea of immensity is j u .
separable from the scenery. To a person who
first time, and who all his
ustomed to the same level
Mississippi valley, the i ni .
i I )reS81on ls that ot awe and wonder. There
.
j quires time to com l>rehend
| attractlons to theIU \
! Asi(le lrom the interests inspired by the
j mimens,ty ot thc «mountain scenery, it is sab
! * ect to so man A changes ot light and shade as
j render » ,he " 10st remarkable of natural
; phenomena. There is no spectacle which
is a vastness and grandure about it which iv
It grows in
magnificence continually; the longer one
I lives amid its beauties the stronger are hj s
" lldeS that is grand in scenery, with s
that is terrific in nature, like a mountain
storm. Language can convey no idea ot' the
grandure and sublimity of one to a person
who has never witnessed it. It mocks alike
the skill of the painter and the imagery of
the poet. To behold one is but to witness
"Heaven's fiery steed beneath liis warriors forni
Paws thc light clouds and gallops on the stor
It is no uncommon spectacle to behold at
a distance of fifteen and twenty miles asun
; der, four or five storms, each presenting its
own peculiar phenomena. At the village ot
Bozeman, and in fact at almost any point in
the beautiful valley of the Gallatin, tin* eye
! can follow the peaks and ranges over a cir
: cumferance of four hundred miles in extent
This vast view embraces three or four separ
ate ranges, which branch out from the mail.
range of tin* Rocky Mountains. At Helen;:
the main range stretches along the liorizfen,
visible to the eye, one hundred and fifty miles.
A more extensive view than this is obtained
about midway between the Sun and Dear
born livers. At Deer Lodge the mountain
view comprehends parallel ranges al*5ut
twenty-live miles asunder, which traverse
either border of the magnificent valley of
Deer Lodge lor a distance of eighty miles.
These mountains are very lofty, rising hun
dreds offeet above the line of perpetual snow
The same may be said of the ranges which
; skirt the Bitter Root valley. Everywhere m
. » „ -, ., , - . .
I the territory the mountain is omnipresent—
j and the various phenomena of light and
; shade, of storm and darkness, which it pre
stlds never twice the same has much to
nothing of these wonderful gorges. They are
j appreciated as a new and striking feature is
do in implanting local attachments in the
breasts of the inhabitants, from which ever
afterwards they refuse to be divorced.
Another grand feature, scarcely less com
mon than the mountains, are thc numerous
canyons through which the rivers iu their
descent to the valleys flow. The people of
the Atlantic States know comparatively
i American scenery. The immense canyons
; Yellowstone •
are destined at no distant
day to take foremost rank among the marvel
ous works of nature. The Upper Canyons
in some places a vertical mile in depth, and
so narrow, apparently, that one could clear
the gorge at a bound. You look down thou
sands of feet into a rocky chasm, to behold at
the bottom the mighty river dwindled to a
thread, broken into tiny waves, madly dash
ing with impotent fury against the eternal
walls which confine it. This canyon is fifty
miles in length. At its head the river breaks
into two cataracts, one of one hundred and
twenty-five, and the other oi' four hundred
feet in height. In its passage through, flit*
canyon it falls more than three thousand feet,
an d as the canyon has never been fully ex
plored, it is not improbable that there arc
<dder cataracts in it even more stupendous
than the one already mentioned.
The beholder turns from this mitiit v chasm
filled with sublimity at its vastness—leaving
it in its supreme solitude a lasting monu
ment of the most marvelous and wonderful
works of nature.
The canyon of the Prickly Pear, thirty miles
north of Helena, on the Fort Benton road, is
une of the most picturesque and beautiful
Pi eces o * scenery in the Territory. The »stream
"nmifes! (Seither sid^ffitit^t a dfstanw
varying from twenty rods to half a mile
asunder, lofty rocks, perfectly insolated, cov
^red »riti 1 . pines and presenting their perpen
dicular sides to the traveler, rise from the
bottom nearly to the top of the canyon,
The passage of the Missouri through a lofty
s P ur °* the main range, properly named by
Lewis and Clarke the "Gate of the Motui
tains," is another stupendous gorge, while the
great falls of the river near it, next to those
of Niagara, are not surpassed in extent and
grandeur by any in North America. There
are many other canyons in the Territory,
which are full of grandure, and remarkable
lor stupenduous scenery.
One of the most novel and interesting tent
ures in mountain scenery, as well on account
of its rarity as the multiplied form of beauty
and interest it presents, is seen in the effects
of elemental erosion upon the friable rocks.
The most wonderful exhibition of this kind
is on the banks of the Missouri, about one
The river
mds at this
hundred miles below Fort Benton
* n ds passage through the bad la
L ------------- 1 il -—
SÄteXi"
i n some p l acea this rock shoots up into co
carpments a thousand feet or more in height :
of tha river, at a height of fifty or sixty
aW the water . In both of these locality
^
the rock has been wrought by the wind an<l
un i v» 1 .,+a ».m, *» 41 fri'PIl i 1 li 1 !) 11 1 V. A
rain into countless forms of great beauty. A
thousand capricious freaks ot thc e*h , mciit.->
meet the eve at a glance. Immense castle.*'.
r i va uj n „ j,\ ( . x tent and grandure the largest
and most magnificent architectural structures
of Europe, occupy confronting bluff
and
rith
P odds ' Pinnacles perfoiateu 1
holes; citadels, churches, groups ot stat
u?ry ' are scat tered along either bank
0 f tlio river, constituting one of the
marvelous and exciting pieces of scenery m
the world. It is entirely unlike any other
natural scenery on the continent, and tills tin*
lieholder with astonishment at its extent,
magnitude and variety. Thc lower valley
of the Yellowstone, by the frequent passages
made by that magnificent river through the
long ridge of yellow sandstone that traverses
its banks, is beautified with an immense ex
tent and variety of scenery, far »exceeding hi
magnitude and grandure the much admired
scenery of the Hudson. This river, as well
in the beauty of its lower valley, as in the
wonderful springs, volcanoes, sulphur mourn
tains, and the magnificent lakes around its
source, possesses attractions which, when
Montana is accessible by railroads, will have
thousands of tourists annually from all parts
of the civilized world.

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