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NEWS OF THE DAY,
Northern Pacific Loan. New York, December 31.—The Tribune says : Subscriptions to the Northern Pacific loan will lie opened in this city on Monday. It is understood from the bankers having charge of the matter that there is a difference as to the times of subscription in this country and in London. All subscriptions received here in excess of $10,000,000 will receive only a pro rota allotment, in connection with the subscriptions made in London, where the 1looks will remain open for all subscriptions tendered during the three days commencing Monday next. In other words, the sum of $10.000,000 will be awarded to American subscribers, and all subscriptions alxne that ' sum will share with the foreign subscriptions | in an equal allotment. The friends of the ' c:i the Joan. j j I , . . , terprise anticipate tlie complete success of j .. l,:..., Subscriptions to the Stock and Bonds ol the Mexican National R. R. < o. Ni:w York, December 3L—The Tribune j i- responsible for the following: The sub- ! scriptions to the stock and bonds of the Hex- j iean National Railroad Company, which j asi'ltt for file European account. The request as ' vas dcni( ' d - The subscriptions were made of almost wholly in this country, although a considerable amount was taken in Europe. Railroad Project. - r. Loris, January 2.—Nearly a million dollars has been raised in tiris city to aid in ;lic const ruction of the St. Louis & Texas narrow gauge road, a line which is now be ing built from Texarkana to Waco, Texas, which it designs to extend from the former point to Carson, Illinois: thence to connect with the narrow gauge to St. Louis. It is also intended to push the road from Waco to the Rio Grande, and to connect with the Rahm r-Sullivan system, which is to be con st acted to the City of Mexico under the concession lately obtained from the Mexican Guvcrnimnt. it is also in contemplation, ultimately, to build a narrow guage road j from St. Louis to Cario, and oil to New ! York, and thus have a eontinous narrow guage line from the latter place to the City •of Mexico. The line between Cario and Tex- 1 m kaiia will be finished in the course of a y, '" r - ^ .... i U. P. R. R. New York, January 4.—The annual re port of the government directory of the Un ion Pacific Railroad states that the gross i earnings of the company for 1880 are esti-! in for the • and I* ihe that muted at $25,000,000, of which the branch the lines have earned about $2,500,000. The j Pnion division probably earned $15,750,000 ! .... ,. . . . '"i* «lie Causas (1.V1810I1 $C,7.W,000, showing over the previous year of $*,549,- ; 17 Ô00 for the former and a large proportionate : f1nri im reae for the latter. This Is aeeonnted for ' by tbe fact that petition and allowed me Business to go its natural channel of transportation. The operating expenses for 1880 are estimated at 44 ]ht cent, on the Union division aud 50 per cent, on the Kansas division, including renewals and taxes. The sleeping car con tract will expire next year, aud unless a new contract can be made on a liberal basis, in which the railroad company will be largely interested in the revenue received for the use of the cars, before the expiration of the con tract, the railway company will consider and determine thc question of running its own sleeping cars. Respecting the completion of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad ihe roport speaks as follows: This will make a competing line of railroad through to Cali fornia, about four hundred miles longer than ria the Union Pacific and Central Pacific to San Francisco. In passenger travel eighteen hours additional time will be required to make the trip to San Francisco and thirty three hours additional time for freight trans portation. Hence, as quick transit, particu larly on long routes of travel, is very desir able and generally sought for, the Union Pa cific Railroad route will doubtless remain the favorite route for passenger travel and freight traffic. The government directors are in formed that satislactory business arrange ments will be made with this competing line ol railroad and thus avoid competition for business. " consolida««! stopped com vul the business to go into is M f Canada Pacific. Ottawa, Ont., January 3.—The total ex pend it ure on the Canada Pacific to the end of November was $18,500,000. The estimated lying between Prince Arthur's Landing and St lkerk to Emerson, and from Kamloops to j 10 Fort Moody, with station houses and water , v tanks. * - Camp Utah Delegate. Cheyenne, December 31.—Allen bell, the anti-Mormon candidate for Congress at the late election in Utah, passed through here to-day on his way East. He says Gov. Murray a\ ill decide by Jan. 4tli whether lie will give Delegate Cannon a certificate of ing, this out «■lection, the objection Cannon is an alien and a polygamist. Campbell's counsel held that Governor Murray has power to pass ujhui the question of eligibility as to issuing a certificate of election, and can legal ly give the certificate to Campbell. There will certainly be a contest in the House over the seat of the Utah Delegate. Campbell is being that gam ist. Democrat, but strongly anti-Mormon. Appropnntion Ref used. Washington, January 1.—Cobb, a mem * »er of the House Committee of appropriations, thinks no provisions will be made in the legislative bill for the Supervisors and Deputy Marshals of election, there being no oc msion to employ them daring the year. There is a deficiency of $7,000 for election officers employed in Colorado in the fall of i'UUU $!' ich a0 . prevision will be made, ! the committee .gnonng it from principle. , ; j ' | ' WASHINGTON NOTES. The Navy Pcrtfolio--Gen. Grant to be Place* on the Retired List. Washington, January 2.—The discovery that Secretary Ramsay's appointment as tem porary Secretary of the Navy for an addition ten days time is ; llegal, has given ' rise to a ruuor that each of the other j Cabinet officer* will similarly in turn be designated to fill the position, but it is not yet clear that this would be admissable un- i j der the law, and present indications point j rather to the appointment of some one to I sen e during the remainder of President Hayes' term, with the understanding that he will be re-appointed by Garfield. It is learned that some correspondence on this subject has recently passed between Hayes and Garfield, but it is not know n up on whom the choice will fall. Meanwhile I ! the names most prommently mentioned by j . . a , „ _ J current gossip are those of ex-Senator Sar , . , r , .... . . , VirMnia ' * ^ ickhaiu ' oi \ lrginia A belief has gained ground during the last, j f ew days that the McCook bill to place Gen. ! Grant on the retired list, with the rank and j j retired ry ofa full General, will after all be ! j favorably reported and passed. Speaker 1 ing prevails among Southern Senators, and as it will in no way interfere with the rank of Gen. Sherman, he and his friends are also satisfied to have it enacted. New York, January 3.—The Times' Wash ington correspondent says : Some gentlemen say that the interests of the Pacific section are enlarging so rapidly that Garfield cannot and in justice to the Far West decline to select a ! tinn nifiiPi- tVnm CaUwIa ('.vc . • , \ ! 0 ado » I'Ubbnnia or Ore- +1 gon for his cabinet, and Mills and Sargent of California, Mitchell of Oregon and Routt of Colorado are names mentioned prominently for the place. The movement for Routt of Colorado seems to he the most popular, as the strongest, and the fact that Grant has ex pressed himself favorable to Routt, should a selection he made from that section, is in creasing that gentleman's strength with Far Western men. Senators Hill and Teller and Representative Bedford have arranged to the , Cal. ! j ship j j i • . r , , , . T . . the visit Mentor, to urge tlie selection of Routt, I and at a meeting held by these gentlemen j ~ 1 to-rtay it was decide,! that ao efforts should I* spared to impress upon Garfield the im ___. . ... , portance ol recognizing what is called the , T . . .. vvest. It is said representing ^ y.-, ... ri . . ,, & ihe vv est will accompany the Colorado dele claims of the Great New that several other gentlemen ration to Mentor. Cold Weather. Fredericksburg, January 1. -A train on the Potomac Fredericksburg and Piedmont railroa(1 whi '. h Ieft here Wednesday last re-1 tnrned fn . nitrht fnr Qlinnlîpe nwl turned to-night for supplies and fresh hands, nn „ hl . p.,..,., 17 mUes we8t . Seen men were frost bitten f1nri , 1fr Z''~ ture was 22° belo zero. Thc trains on thc j othcr ,. 0!u , s aK ninnillg wgular]y . There fias been much suffering on account of the unusual and intense cold, against which many were unprovided. Cattle and game have been frozen, and deer have been caught near dwel lings in the country, where they were search ing for food. Augusta, Ga., January 3.—The snow has been on the ground for a week—something unprecedented in the history of this city. ! j ! | There was flue sleighing yesterday and to day, for the first time in twenty-five years. Wathixgtox, January 1—At four o'clock this morning the temperature here was 14° below zero, and at seven o'clock 10° below zer0 ' It is understood that the President will not appoint a Secretary of the Navy. Bostox, January 1, At the following towns the thermometer was below zero: Montpelier, Vt., 27; Woodstock, Vt., 26; Milford. N. H., 26; Newport, N. H., 25; Northville, N. H., 27; Contoocock, N. H., and Hancock Junction, N. H., 30; Antrim, N. H., 28. Chicago, December 31.—No signs of warmer weather. It seems to hiave settled down to regular winter. The temperature at or below zero all over the northwest. Barnesville, Ohio,- December 31.— Johnathan Comstock, a weaver, was found ; frozen to death yesterday on the street. ; hiskey was the cause. ! Booxev idle, Mo., December 31.—Two old negroes, Lida and Hy. Slaughter, mother and son, were found frozen to death six miles ™"', 'UN * 7 " ] ri iU rhe , r< f d about 1200 yard. fron. In. honre and In. j ;m(1 ' T]ie 10 T]ie , v • ' , , . .. 1nn bem g 60 «»»d his mother over 100. Gai vestox, January 3—The News' Fort McKinney special says : Jt is sleeting, snow ing, and freezing here to-day. It is the severest weather ever known here. Dkxjsox, January 3.—Snow fell here early this morning, continuing at intervals through out the day. Buffalo, December 31.—The railroads are blockaded and business is entirely at a standstill ------- *ffht Between Soldiers and Sioux, j Fort Buford, January 3.—An engage ment of an hour's duration occurred Satur day afternoon at Poplar Creek, between Maj. Ilgesand a band of Uueapapa Sioux. The bring was rapid and unceasing, but no sol diers were hurt. The Sioux displayed a white ---- .i ------------------ , - rag and made a formal surrender. Three In dians were killed. ' - The President Elect aud Family. Cleveland, January 3.—Gen. and Mrs. ^ arfbil d attended a family re-umon on New ^ ear 8 day at Solon * m thls county, at the residence of Mre - Mai Y Lanubee, sister of ® enera » Garfield. Snrnloy was spent at So Ion. . ' i GARFIELD'S CABINET. Speculations as to the Men who will ___ _____ _____ Compose it. Wash Chicago, January 3.—The Times ington special says: Blaine has been offered the premiership of the new administration, and has accepted. He has said as much to ! two intimate friends. Those who desire to know the policy of the administration can obtain the desired information by a careful study of Blaines attitude on important questions. Chas. Foster has been offered j and has accepted the Secretaryship of the Interior. This statement comes from a iren- ! I ,, . , • , /v. • . , ,, . " tleman m a high official place. Garfield has ! positively made up his mind to offer the Sec- j sentation in the Cabinet. Congressman Hor ace Davis is very favorably considered for , Postmaster-General. It is said on high an tliority to be a question in Garfield's mind whether to give the Postmaster-Generalship , th ® Attorney-Generalship to the Pacific j " am ^ dsou » one of ehe most prom ! mC f t lawyera of San Francisco, is very urg 1 !!f y l ,ushcd for tbe Attorney-Generalship. These two plans are under advisement No the Navy Department just at this time. Washixgtox, January 3—While Secre tary Evarts was entertaining some of his ' brother Cabinet officers and two leading ; members of the House, one from New Y ork ^ and the other from New England, the con versation drifted into an interchange of opin- *° at o . n ® mling the COm I K,sitiou of Garfield ' s . Cabinet, and the conclusion reached was that +1 _ .......—,,--------. , r _ an the following would prove to be nearly cor rect: rect: Secretary of State, Senator Blaine'; Seeretary of the Treasury, Jas. F. Wilson, Iowa ; Secretary of the Interior, D. O. Mills, ; , Cal. ; Secretary of War, Don Cameron. The ! Navy Department was accorded to some ! Southern Republican, the Attorney-General j ship to New York, and the Postmaster-Gen j eral-sliip to Indiana. Secretary Evarts was j quite certain that Blaine would be his sue i cessor and that New York would he givei . the Attorney-Generalship, I „ J 1 j ~ ° KK ' . anua1 ^ i says : : " TCn,1 f ^ th " Pf" 10 ances lietween the East aud West. Garfield ; has signified Ins intention to tender the po ... ® T __ , 1 sition to L. P. Morton, but a strong pressure ; ° L , is being made to have the place given to the ® , 0 v\ est. .Senator Allison, of Iowa, is mention 4—The Times' ' Oue of Blaine'« i Ui ^uuuesi -, ,, , . .... . I ed as the most prominent in the councils of the Independents. Mr. Murcli, of Maine, has for the past I ! three weeks been traveling over the country ! e caIIillg upon "dependent Greenback mem-j \ bers elect in behalf of a coalition with tlie I - iDemocratBtooiganizethenextHonseoflfcp 1 resentatives ' " " ' ' Leading Greenbaekers profess great confidence in the scheme. The candi «« ^Speaker are Lowe, of Ala-1 bama, Kelly, of Pennsylvania, and J Hvatt I Smith, of New York. Congressional Apportionment. Washixgtox, January 3.—The Demo cratic members of Congress now in Washing ton seem to be unanimously of the opinion that some apportionment measure should be passed this seas ion, and say the dominant majority fully intend to take action on the subject. Representative Thompson, of Kentucky, a member of the Census Committee, remark ed t0 . day that in ïjcw of a genera , mam]a . tory provision of the constitution concerning Congressional apportionments, he thought this Congress wouM be gniky ofa grave de reliction of duty if it waited to pass the ap p^^ment bill ; besides, the Legislatures of I \ eighteen or nineteen States which will be in session within a few days, could re-district those States under an immediate re-appor tionment ; whereas, should the apportion ment be left to next Congress, most of them would be put to the trouble and expense of an extra session. He believes an apportion ment bill can be promptly enacted regardless of any real or imaginary effect upon political parties, and says his colleagues on the Censns Committee share these convictions and will labor to secure the desired action. It is understood that the Committee is in ; lined to leave to the House itself to deter ; mine what shall be the total number of Rep ! rpcpntafîv^a fnr Um «ov+ .. « ,i resentatives for the next decade, and will report only the necessary framework ofa bill, together with several alternative propo sitions on the aggregate membership. Cali foraia'vill gaiu one member under any one of there proportions. ^ North as well as the South, by proper quali fications, and various other instructions on the right of suffrage. Quick Mails. New York, January 3.—Private letters from an American resident of the City of ! Mexico states : We get letters and papers here from San Francisco in 6 days if sent by Morgan and directed via Galveston. The Tex as & Morgan line leave out Morgan City, ; as that direction takes them to New Orleans, The Christiane YDivorccAase. Washington January 3.—^The denositin« ! of F# m f'iro • v v P i J,C Kr rv m lork 011 ^'1 half ol Mr. Christiancy in his suit for divorce : was given to the press here to-night. He tes titles he was introdneed to Mr « rw+î™ by A Ruise a Peruvian banker on a vovo™ I üy A ' KU1Se ' a enu,an banker , on a vo} age H. Wharton at;h-rrennwt- that A, i _______ T [ ... . me to from Lima; that he registered her the St. Nicholas hotel in this city, aspire 6 H Wharton at liAPiw.n«rf. __• having dined her and a lady friend at a res tanrant. The counsel for the defendant will move to strike out this last portion of the htoroomatthcSt Jame. hotel to thiscity, and there he had intercomse with her, after nnvinflr /Itnp/1 Vwxr* nn/1 a iu i _a _ . dep< »ition when the conrt-meet», owing to threats being made to Giro. Mahone Will Make a Statement Defining his Position. Chicago, January 3.—The Inter-Ocean's Washington special says: Some weeks ago ''enator-eleet Mahone, of V irginia. was in the 1 for two or three da} s, in consultation! ! with the lea(liu K Republicans. In a few days * be th* 8 conference will be made P ublic > and wil1 cause a political sensation of Memendous proportions, both in the North aud Soutb - wil11>e nothing less than a | j statement by Mahone to the country at large j of the P° sition of the readjusters upon the ! debt question, with the view of uniting with ! I the Renublican mrtv ; e rtepumican party. Jt has been ur ë cd for some time that the | lry ' The Republicans could not, without stultifying their history, endorse the repudi ation P olit N- Senator Mahone has declared that he is not in favor of repudiation, and that his Position has not been understood by the country : George C. Gorham has been his friend throughout the discussion and has urged him to make a statement, defining his pod-1 j t : tion, for the consideration of the country. been seen by the leaders ol the Republi can P art Y- Indeed, it is understood that it P Y- Indeed, his ' vas taken to Morton by a friend ol Garfield ; and ^' as discussed by him. It is said ^ ba ^ d bas b ' s cordial approval and antliori *° at the end of this week nat it lias ins cordial approval and author! ative commendation. Mahone has agreed o submit it to the country and it is to appear . i , * ' s . T1 4 ^ . ....... . The statement is îegardcd r _ an offer to enter the Republican party and to as i mide with that organization as it is at pres ent const i tuted against the Bourbons. Ma ; ,10ne shows that his party are the true debt l )a y° r s °f Yirginia, and discloses tacts that ! put a new aspect upon the affairs of that ^ tat e in the eyes ol the North. His friends, also prominent Republicans, declare that he wil1 stand before the country as an honest man, in the light of this statement, e V'-c-d with sane and practical views. It wil* be practically j shown that those who legislated for funding ' ;uld re-funding in Virginia did so in tlie dark, j i knowing and caring little for the welfare of I " - I tl.e.r State. ........ Washixgtox, January 1.—The New Year " ' ■ New Year's Day in Washington. receptions of 1881 have fully equalled in brilliancy any our city has ever known. . I The crisp, cold, exhilarating atmosphere and , good sleighing gave a novelty no other New I Year within the memory of the present gen i ! e ™ tlon bas known, and added greatly to the Cnj0yment - Thc J lnte House llas , as ; I llsual > 1>€eu the sccne of the greatest interest, j The marine band, as is customary, played in the large entrance hall during the reception. The long central corridor was festooned with flags, and fnrther teeorated with flowers and I ITT* ' 7 7 1..... 7« i...... . . potted plants. The parlors were also decor I ated with flowers and hot-house plants. The \ __ _ _________ P ___, „ programme of the order of reception, as pre vionsly published, was strictly carried out. ; Mre. Hayes was assisted by Miss Maria Her ron, of Cincinnati, Miss Mills, of San Fran cisco, Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson, and others. Secretary E\ arts made the presentation ot i the diplomatic corps to the President. Tlie j largest number of these were assembled here ' ™L' hat eVCT arewed tef0re « ^ «" ! . of occasion. The Chinese Question. New York, December 30.—The Herald's Washington special says: Speaking of Tres coll's treaty, the question of Chinese immi gration to the United States has not probably been difficult to settle in such terms as will leave it for us to deal with as we choose. Very few Chinese come to this country di rect from Chinese ports, the great bulk of the emigration has come from the British port of Hong Kong., over which the Chinese have no jurisdiction, and an agreement by the Chi p a a has the following : " Yestafiay'B Evetiim, ** contained a co^ of a statement made New A Denial. York, December 3L -The Evening rsz nese government that it will not hereafter j grant passports or permission to leave China j for the United States to any of its subjects, ! ... ., .. » . . ! with the exception of such as may be coming over here for the purposes of study, travel or ! commerce, would cover the whole ground with Chinese who may come piither from British ports, such as Hong Kong or Sydney or Spanish ports, such as Havana, or Peruvian or other ports. fease permit me to state dfcl not vote last election that Gen. McDowell ditl not vote last election day. The General and wife arrived attheBre ! v ote at 17 Clinton Place, which was in the 13th Election district and 16th Assembly district. But the registration book of that i place fails to show that the General registered ; or voted therein, and as he was unable to do so at any other point in tlie city it is safe '° «»* «<™t ™ -t ex- j ! pend S 1 ' 200 for McDowell to vote for Gar held or any other candidate.—Yours truly Signed ) Pxui Bennington " or : IM,T0V « ^ "T Supreme Court. Waihixgtox ' January 3.—The Supreme j Court of the Unite<l States reassembled to- + were present except Justices Hunt, Clifford, and Woods. The last named will probably ^ "f* „ A " l" 0 " 8 were present except Justices Hunt, Clifford, take ki8 ^ on thc bench Wcd^y Thuredry ' V " Republican Majority. CoNcxjrd, N. H., January 4.—Official re tnres from'all bnt'l3 towns show Ray'» plu relity f„ r Congress to be over 5,000 CONDEMNED. | I Alll III Bakillff POWderS in COlirt. Interesting Testimony of ! | T j on accountof the useof alum as a cheap sub for Cream of Tartar, by many manu ! facturers of baking powders. yielded by using the substitute have induced Scientific .Uen. Within the past two years, a bitter contra I versy has been waged between manufacturers The handsome i ; yielded by using the substitute nave inauceil I J s | dealers as well as manufacturers to push them Are such powders wholesome ? The Royal ; i > Ti i i i r< c Baking Powder Co., who make a Cream of Tartar baking powder, declare that they are injurious to the public health, while others vyho make alum powders claim that they are . rr , . . .. . ~ . ! : not. The whole matter as to the eftects ol these alum powders, has finally been brought 1 1 into the courts and the case was tried « the > pod-1 Superior Cmirt of New York city■before Chief j t : Justice Sedgwick, reported substantially as it ...... , . , , . f. , . that this country produces at least forty-two different kinds of baking powders. N either Burns nor Mott has been lound gttlty of j making the baking powders, but Bum», who ; is the editor ol a periodical called the bpice Mil, has been severely mulcted for libel in ; his efforts to make his paper spicy. Dt. Mott, j !t a PP car8 > 1S a chemist, and at one time was employed by the United .States Government to adoption to the Indian Bureau. he be employ to analyze different specimens of baking pow j der which had been recommended for Dr. Mott re ported in favor of the cream of tartar baking powders for the Indians, and against the alum baking powders. The chemist analyzed forty two kinds of baking powders. Tbe jury were ont about half art hour. Then they came in with a verdict avvarding Dr. Mott $8,000, to which the Court mule an additional allowance of $150. As the public have a large interest in the wholesomeness of whatever it is calk}! upon to use as food, tlie following extractsare in troduced from the testimony of some of the prominent men as to the injurious effets of the United alum powders. j ^ TT of I , ' ° I Q. Were von employed by States Government ? A. 1 was,sir; was employed as chemist, to analyze all the articles of food ; to express an opinion os to the analysis of their healthful «ess and purity. Hip Cnvpnniipntv 7 A. It would be difficult to remember them p iiUi • +1 ^ , Q. Please tell the jury'the Baking Powders that you examined while m the employ of i iif» Rnvpnimpnt V , first 7 ; By j Give all ; I could refer to my books ; I exemined twenty-eight powders ; was given sixteen at By the Court : your best recollection. Q. And one of the powders included was "Dooley's Baking Powder?" A. Yes, sir. Q. Ard the "Charm ?" j A. Yes, sir; the "Charm" and "Patapsco." j Q. Please state in which powders you found is ablin • A. I found alum in "Dooley's," "Patapsco," "Charm," "Queen," "Vienna," "Orient," ; "Amazon," "Lake Side," "Twin Sisters," "Su perlative," "King," "White Lily," "Monarch," ''One Spoon," "Regal," "Imperial," "Honest," "Grant's," and the "Giant." i Q. Now, these powders mentioned in your j communication iu the Scientific American — ' "D°oley's," "Standard," "Patapsco," "Charm," ! Andrew! oÄ. k ^ri yUu LS burnt alum ; if you will please name the re spective powder that you have examined— was it potash or ammonia alum, you found ? A. In the "Patapsco," "Charm," and in the Andrews, it was ammonia alnm. Q. What is the gas usually furnished by Baking Powders. A. The object of Baking Powders is to fur nish carbonic acid gas. Q. Will you state to me again what other gas beside carbonic acid gas, is proper to be evolved from a baking powder? A. A limited amount of ammonia gas. Q. I notice in your article that you say starch is a proper ingredient to put in a baking powder? A. Starch is a proper ingredient to prevent j the decomposition of baking powders, j Q* Recurring to the question that has been ! U P° U this suit—the result of these ! examinations which you have made—is it y0U r opinion that alum in these various com ! pounds, in Baking Powders such as you have examined, is injurious? A. It is my opinion, based upon actual experiments on living animals. Ci lf i F; ^ DI ' EIb < j alled on behalf i fied as follows : j Q. Dr. Chandler, yon reside in the City of I New York? A. I do. Q. Your business is that ofa chemist? A. It is. Q. You are and have bean Professor colleges ? of! long that employment of yourself has been, and with what colleges you are now connected ? you are now connected? ' A. I am at present Professor of Chemistry Q. You are President, also, of tlie Board of ! 1>ba ™^y. Health* are you not? A. I am. ' Q- In your various employments, have you bad frequent occasion to examine the question i^ C ' A hob^omeness of food, and the benefi "a." 'ST °' '** ? Q. I will ask you in regard to the use of alum with soda, in a baking powder, whether or not it isneutralized-isthereany ininrious constituent of alum left? i there any injurious A. There is an injurious constituent left alter the mixture of alum and bicarbonate of m . °f + ..5;^ V . dh ? Ut U . smg an y. nice ty of chemical ___ with bicarbonate of'soda' aiffi'ôtherïn^dŸ euts J f o r raising bread—whether injurious with bicarbonate of soda and other ingredi 4 T ... I think it is dang.ro»» to the digestive I mgans, and liable to produce serions Sr- : bance of the liver of the individual making use of such powders. j Henry Morton, President of "Stevens In stitute," called in behalf of the plaintiff, bemg dnly sworn, testified as follows : , son Q. are President of Stevens Institute? A. I am. Q. And have for many years been a chemist? A. I have. Q. Have you had occasion to examine the substances which are used in the composition of Baking Powders ? A. I have. Q- Did you, some time ago, examine a sam ple of Dooley's Baking Powder ? A. I did. Q- Is that it, sir ? [handing can]. A. Yes, sir; that is it. Q- Well, what kind of alum did it contain? A. It contained potash alum. Q- Did you make any extract ofthat alum, i to show the kind ? I A. I did ; I extracted a large quantity of it «s potash alum, and it is in that bottle which j have now- here [showing liottle] ; that is ; „ c Q- Now, sir have you made any experiment iu the bread made from Bakin * P ^ (lei , to see whether there was any soluble alumina in the bread itself? A* ba ' ^ b)ok a portion ol this powder ! and mixed it with flour in the directed pro portions, and baked a small loaf with it ; then 1 1 soaked this loaf—the interior part of it—in ; cold water and made an extract, in which I ^'Lhtmhm in a Q- Does any Baking Powder in which am our ocess 111V m ol reasoning do you make it out—that because alum is in j ur i 0 us, alumina is injurious? A . Because the injurious effects of alumina, j wheu it ^ ets into the stomach and reacts on ; the organs , are the same ; this hydrate of ni, . ; j uices , i nd reacts with them theiame Jalum j would . it f ormg) iu fact> a kill(1 of alum in thc stomach with those acids, and whatever alum .,-nnia a« u would do, it would do. Dr. Samuel W. Jokx.sox, Professor oi Chemistry, in the Scientific School, Yale College, being duly sworn, testified as follows : Q. You have had much to do in the ex amination of substances that enter into food, and the adulteration of food ? A. More or less ; yes, sir. C>. After the useof alum with soda, in a baking powder, in your opinion, is there any injurious substance left ? A. In my opinion, there is an injurious sub stance left. Q ; ^'Iiat, sir, two years ago. was the pre vailing opinion among scientific men, as to decided] v in iurious Q. I)o I nmlerstaml you to say that any .'hieb there are aluminous ------, .^x^int from alum which could feîîÂ' to di « cs,io "' is oW«cHontrt.l« ami the effect of the use of alum in Baking Powders ? A. As far as my acquaintance with scienti fic men is concerned, my personal opinion is derived from my investigation and from read ing ; I should think the opinion was that alum, or any compound of alumina, would be Q. Do I nndersta baking powder in wl salts or J am , resultau , , •' _. j j time, Sanitary Superintendent in Brooklyn is not that so ? injurious? A. Extremely so. Prof. Joseph H. Raymoxd called, sworn and testified as follows : Q. Would you be good enough to state your profession ? A. I am a physician, sir, and a Professor of Physiology. Q. You also were, and have been for some A. I have, sir. Q. Now t , sir, I will ask you your opinion, from this experience, whether the use of alum with soda, in a baking powder, is injurious or not, in its physiological effects ? A. I consider it to be dangerous. Q. You examined this question for the Board of Health in Brooklyn, some years a^o did you not? A. Two years ago, sir, in December. By the Court : Q. What was the result of your investiga tion as to the use of alum in Baking Powder ? A. The result of my investigation at that time, was this : that the changes which took place between the time that alum baking powder was put in the bread, and the time the bread was eaten, the chemical changes were so little understood by chemists, that as a physician and physiologist, I considered it a dangerous experiment. Dr. Mott, the Government chemist, in his review of the subject in the Scientific Ameri can, makes special mention of having analyzed the Royal Baking Powder, and found it com posed of pure and wholesome materials. He also advises the public to avoid purchasing baking powders as sold loose or in bulk, as he found by analyses of many samples that the worst adulterations arepracticed in this form. The label and trade mark ofa well known and responsible manufacturer, he adds, is the best protection the public can have. The Irish Trials. Dublin, January 1.—Parnell, who was •apparently indifferent while the case for the crown was being stated, developed much watchful industry in regard to witnesses, industry in regard to witnesses, making copiou8 notes and passing them to ------- 1 ^ • r™ - , * r ms nas g his counsel. It is a curious fact that one of the traversers (Gordon) has not up to the present even come to Dublin, and the crown has never once inquired after him. It is stated that he is ill in the western part of Ireland. The crown does not trouble itself in regard to the whereabouts of defendants. * ...o..c, given tlie traversers much satisfaction, and R * s probable that Biggar, Sexton and meetings are calculated to excite ill feelin amou » Ger Majesty's subjects A Procurer Sentenced. Montreal, December 30.—Gustave C'he uel, a restaurant keeper, charged with pro curing young girls for brothels in the West «" to G impr i s . onment and lme d $100. is a fact that Montreal mound for Chien™ bon« Tlie Gazette says is the recruiting^ ground for Chicago houses of ill-fame. It Pr es that Chenel was the leading spirit m the Pans immune, and under the name °f Col. Bibi committed fearful outrages and was sentenced to death as an abettor to the came to Montr eal with a horde of outcasts. The French-Canadians refuse to consort with the - yiontreal Wlth a horde of outcasts. ZT^ Wh ° are .' rea,C<1 " ÏÏÂZTw .T" tly l0^me,, is lply dlrec tol «hem. Soteide. St ' L 01718 » December 31.— Chas. C. Staun ton» a convict in the penitentiary at Jeffer son City, committed suicide.