Newspaper Page Text
R. E. FISK,
. Editor. THURSDAY, JANUARY' 6, 1881. Representative Newberry, of Mich igan, i* said to he the richest man in the House. FISK BROS. - - Publishers, There are now in store in Chicago 14, ooiHHiO bushels of grain against 12,000,000 bu-lu Is at thi» time last\eai. The State of Dakota is what she would like to be called, and she asks a place among the great sisterhood. Ti uc New Orleans Picayune says that the old boys in blue are growing gray; but the Philadelphia Bulletin retorts that the old boys in gray, just after election, grew verv blue. .1. Tilden and Lucius Robinson. Gen. W. S. Harney, on the retired list G said to be the oldest officer of the United State- army living, in activity and ap pearance the General i- much younger than many officers who arc now in ser vice. The ex-Govemors of New York now aliveare Hamilton Fish, Horatio Seymour, Mvron H. Clark, Edwin I). Morgan, Reu ben E. Fenton, John T. Hoffman, Samuel ]['> a humiliating spectacle for the country to see the Republicans compelled to "iiard their electoral votes from everv po—ibility of Democratic trickery as a man would watch his pocket-book when he knew thieves were around. - improvements of tlie ............ .. — 1 hi: Democrats have been drawing com fort from the report that Judge Woods Democratic leaders in Washington are viewing with alarm tiie prospective admis sion of Arizona,Dakota, New Mexico, Ida ho, Montana, Washington and Wyoming as States. They fear that it will re-act on them as did the admission of the Centen nial State. Mrs. Gareielh is described as having a strong sense of personal dignity, and much reserve and judicious and planned of manner. She is clever having a "business head," not onlv her Washington house but also the Mentor cottage. was after all a Democrat and would be an acquisition to them in the Supreme Court. This is a mistake ; although he was once a Democrat, he enlisted when the war broke out, and has been a strong Republi can ever since. Mr. Longfellow is mentioned sis say ing that he thinks lie was led to write the "Wreck of the Hesperus" because the words "Norman's Woe," associated with the disasters of ths sea, seemed to him so indescribably sad. It was after receiving a letter full of lofty sentiments from Chas. ; Sumner that he wrote "Excelsior." ,Several persons, intimate with Gar field, have hinted that he has decided to ! have no Ohio man in his Cabinet, and j will not give the preference to Ohio in his ! appointments. Foster is the onlv Ohio ' man prominently mentioned for the Cabi- ■ ner and it is understood that he would ' prefer to be a Governor rather than u Minister. ---------------------------- Yr y • , « . x*j • who is contesting tue scat oi j Kellogg in the Senate, was a Presidential ; elector in Louisiana, and cast his vote for Hancock while holding his commission | from the Governor as Senator by appoint-j ment , 11 he is a Senator, lie could pot act as an elector. II his vote is counted, it j must he on the assumption that lie is not : a Senator. Either way he is in a dilemma, j ' J The State department statements show the net balance of trade in favor of the United States as against all other nations is $241,000,000. For the year 1879 the balance against the United States and in la\ or of C bina was $118,000,000 ; in favor of the Hawaiian Islands, $1,427,000 ; Mex wo, 8419,000 ; Central America, $953.000. j Inmost countries of our own continent | the balanc e is strongly against u s. ; Tohx H Ivma v nf DanffrirW Twin • urn- out of the Confederate ormv ' at the ' .mu out of the Confédéral army at the , close of the war twenty vears of age, and with less than *100 in'h'is possession. He ! L r nT ,. l ; obtained a subordinate position in a New York cotton house, of which he is now the year was $190,000, and his fortune is now about $1,500,000. Mr. Inman is quoted all over the world as authority on cotton matters. t ---------- .-- I he I aymastei General recommends j that the law s in reference to leaves of ab seurc of officers of the army be repealed, as he re K ards them as harsh and unjust in their operation, and very unequal.' A very large portion ol the officers are stationed at army posts in the W est. and when a which leave should be granted may be safely left to the action and recommenda- j ^ ' ' leave is obtained, the whole or nearly the , whole ot the thirty days is often necessa rily consumed in travel to Atlantic cities, ; where most of the officers desire to go, and j in returning to their posts. The extent to tion of the division and department com manders and the General of the army, and 1 the decision of the Secretarv of War. Immigration. New York, December 27.—Up to this time, the number of immigrants arrived at this port since January 1st, 1880, was 318, 937. ! who settled at Cabe Colony 200 years ago ! ! are called "Boers," the meaning of which ! is peasant, farmer, agriculturist. They are a very singular people and have a ro nvntic history. The story of their sue- ( cessive wanderings in searcli of a free THE TRANSVAAL REPUBLIC. While it is midwinter with us it is mid summer in South Africa, which is the scene af another war that the aggresssive j 1 p 0 ii C y of England has brought upon it. j The descendants of the Dutch colonist 1 .....' ' ! : stout Calvinists—but very ignorant and of I C0U rse equally bigoted. Though such J home i> well calculated to excite the svin pathy of all lovers of freedom. These ! people are very religious in their way stout lovers of freedom for themselves, they have never had any scruples of re ducing the native Africans to slavery. Cape Colony passed into British hands ; 1814. The Boers never were contented ; with British rule, but only offered a passive ! resistenee up to 1833. The abolition of slaverv and British leniency towards the | Cafires were then the exciting cause of a general emigration beyond the borders of the colony. After a bloody war with the j Metabelees they founded the Orange River j Free States in 183o. Then followed wars j witi the Zulus and Caffres, and as soon as I they had conquered themselves a new horn? Great Britain would, by proclama- 1 tion, annex their country to its own colo- i niai Government and drive them into an-j O . other more distant section, repeating this \ spoliation again and again under pretext : ! of piotecting the natives. In 1848 the ! . British annexed the Orange River coun- j * try o their own colonial possessions, by ; < mere proclamation, and drove the Boers to j such despair that they declared war, and under Prctorius won some victories. They : wert however finally defeated and again emigrated beyond the Vaal. The British, ; needing the assistance of the Boers against j the varlike natives, in 1854 acknowledged i the independence of the Orange River country, but after the discovery of the j ! dianond fields on the Vaal river, in 1871, j ! agaii annexed the country to their own j i coloiy. Tie Transvaal republic, where the trou ble exists at present, contains about 77,000 j ; sqiurc miles. It is a high table land, sep- j ar? t' d i rom the coast by the Quathilamba i mondains, and having the Vaal, Hart i andLeimpopo rivers for its boundaries on the south, west and north. It is a fine | 1 pasture land, and the Boers are almost ex- ! elusvely engaged in raising cattle. The j entre population is only 140,000, and not ; a tlird of these are whites. Each white mar is, by their law, entitled to 3,000 acres of the public land. Their govern ■ j ; inert is among themselves—a pure repub lie. A legislative body, called the Volks tad elected by ballot, at which every white man twentv-one vears of age can vote, inerts four times a year, at different places, j and exercises all legislative and executive i powers. Notwithstanding these Boers are as cruel to the natives as the early Puritans were to the Indians of New England, they seem to have so many good traits and have suf ! fered m man Y persecutions from the Brit- j j ish that we cannot help giving them our j ish that ! hearty sympathies, and most earnestly ; ' h°P e the present British government will j ■ not pursue the former policy towards them, j ' l° ave them alone to enjoy their pecu- j luir habits and institutions. Missionaries ; from Holland are now laboring among j them and trying to introduce general edu- j * ° . .1 j cation. Fear of being driven out again , ; has prevented them from cultivating the j soi } or ma king permanent improvements, | w hich they would doubtless do if as surec i 0 f independence. Any people j as- • , sured of independence. Any people, who are willing to settle, cultivate and ; j civilize, even in a rude and imperfect way, j : portions of the Dark Continent ought to j fie considered under the joint protection of j J all enlightened nations, and we are sure ! E n g] an( j will have no sympathy in any j a g<r re ^ive and Transvaal " unjust policy towards ! J j THE NEWSPAPER. Not only has the newspaper become the g rea t proclaimer of facts and truths, but j j it has really become the great leader in so- ! | ciety. In reference to mere business mat-! ; te rs, men canno t get on without the aid of tlie neW8 P a P er - Hubbard truly asserts j ' tl,at "j" dicious advertising is the keystone : , ,, f „ The new8paper Ieads alii0 in | . ! poht ' CS ;. Lve . ry nmst have its "or- | l g aus > through which to breathe and speak I its principles. Every religious denomina- 1 ; tion must have its periodicals every association of men, hoping for pro In short, 1 j a gress and success, must necessarily employ the press. Indeed, such is the character and spirit of our times that newspapers have become to society almost what the j manna and quails were to the Israelites in : their journey through the wilderness. Not that the world has reached a point where it can dispense with pulpits, or sub stitute newspapers for preachers ; that era will never come, if pulpits remain true to i their proper functions. But good news ances of the pulpit in swaying the public j mind on almost all commanding subjects. " , papers are mighty coadjutors of pulpits as they are powerfully educational in all ; right directions. Really their proclama j tions, teachings and appeals have, both in number and power, exceeded the utter 1 Sherman not Scared. Chicago, December 27.—The Inier-Ocean'a Washington special says: Secretary Sher man does not loose any sleep on account of the stories that the Democrats in the Ohio legislature will unite with the disaffected Republicans and beat him for the Senator ship. He knows there is nothing in the story. CONFLICTING INTERESTS. Those who expect to form a powerful league to States in the North as a counter find a hard time in realizing their expec ! tations amid the conflicting mutual in- j ! terest of the distantly separated individual ' provinces. Many alluring promises, vir tually bribes, were resorted to in proeur ( ing the adhesion of several ot the mem-j hers. A very expensive and poorly pay- J j poise to the L nited States, and gave it the j rather formidable name of the Dominion, '' 1 1 ~ J " i: ! sion of the distant and feeble colony of ; I British Columbia was only secured by the J large promise of the speedy construction ; ing colonial road has already been built : ! for the eastern provinces, but the adhe of a railroad to the Pacific on Dominion soil. The plucky little Pacific province insists pertinaciously and with intimated ; threats of secession that the bargain shall ; be literally carried out. Seeing no way to ! evade the promise made, the Dominion government has recently closed a contract | lor the completion of the proposed and promised road. The land subsidy and gift of the completed portions of the road will j amount to $135,000,000, a pretty large j j price ^e should say to secure the adhesion ' j of British Columbia. Other advantages j I may accrue in time when the vast North west Territory is settled up and framed in 1 to provinces, but it looks as if it would be i a long time before that is realized or even j before the road after completion reached a paying condition. There does not seem to : be much cordial good will or co-operation j ! between the provinces to be most benefit- ; j ted by the road. Little Winnipeg does not ; care for British Columbia and expresses j itself in rather a selfish way in advising that the west end be let alone as an expen : sivc and unprofitable job. While complaining that the syndicate ; should not be allowed to build its main j line within fifteen miles of the interna i tional boundary, it now comes forward with the proposition that the company j shall complete a connection south of Lake j Superior to Sault St. Marie, through Min j nesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. This ; will give it an easier and earlier outlet than by the most circuitous and difficult j route through the wilderness north of Lake j Superior. But what consistency does it i show in such a purely selfish proposition, i While deprecating the possibility of the road west approaching within fifteen miles | of the United States line, for their own , ! benefit they propose a connection that j runs several hundred miles within the ; ; United States. Having once built up this , line it will be very difficult in the future to , shift business to the northern circuit of the Lake. It is not particularly our busi- i ness and we surely have no jealousy and • least of all any envy for the situation of our northern neighbors. We shall heartily i rejoice over their railroad acquisition and j connection. But in the mutual jealousies i of the provinces and the extreme selfish ness of each, we see little promise of a powerful, united and prosperous Dominion. Among themselves there are jealousies ol race, religion and interest. 1 here are not and from the nature ot their country there j never can be any great central States like j those of our Mississippi valley connecting ; those on either ocean. Both the eastern j and the western portions are more natual j ly connected with the United States than j with each other. One cannot study the ; situation carefully without being convinced ; j that the Dominion is an artificial, un- ! j natural, cumbersome and expensive mis- ; ' 1 , conception, with little promise of per-j j petuitv. I ' _ ------- NORTHERN JEALOUSY. | j Judging from the resolutions recently j NORTHERN JEALOUSY. • Judging front the ; adopted in the Manitoba Legislature there j is a large amount of jealousy and fear lest J their new railroad, that now for the first j time has some sure promise of being built, ; ! may in some way benefit the United States j j more "than themselves. They think the ! contract with the syndicate should have ! , . „ . . . ; prevented them from approaching within j fifteen miles of the United States line, and j that they should not have the privilege of extending branches wherever they like. j Wejcannot much blame those living in the ! ! Dominion for wanting to secure to them- ! selves the greatest possible advantages j from their costly road, but such extreme ; j jealousy is short-sighted and very foolish. : It would be the extreme of folly to impose j | . company such 8cver e restrictions i ; | that no part of its line should be used to , I advantage because the whole could not. i 1 As a through line for freights from the Pacific to the Atlantic it will never have a i 1 . I chance to compete with those shorter and 1 ^ ^ ! further south. The great wheat belt which ; lies at the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains will want some outlet to the south during the long winter. So, too : will there be needed connection between i the pine forests north of the great lakes to their best natural market in the United States. The narrow' views of the Manitoba i legislators, if permitted any controlling i influence, will injure themselves more than ! tlie United States. -. , [Bismarck Tribune.] ; Thirteen of the engineers who have been engaged on the pre liminar y surrey of the ; Yellowstone country, arrived in this city Wednesday night, having finished their labors in that locality. They will disband for the winter. Mr. Reif, of the corps, has been ordered to Brainerd, and went east Monday last. Gen. Dodge has made the Disbanded. headquarters of his division at Miles City aud will remain at that point luring the winter and will be on hand to watch the difficulties to be overcome by the spring break-up of the Yellowstone/ POSTAL SAVINGS. We have frequently advocated the in troduction of the Postal Savings system, that has already met with such success in ; Great Britain. Under the law existing there till quite recently, a shilling was the j j smallest sum that would be received as a i ' deposit. Now, after a careful experiment, continued for seven weeks in six selected j counties, the plan has been enlarged to re ceive deposits of only onejpenny. In the j J experiment made, which did not include ! ; scheme is going into general application. There were found to be a great many who ; could save a penny who could hardly get : the most populous counties, there were 7,000 new accounts opened, and now the together a shilling. It is not the interest on these small savings that prompts the in vestment half as much as the desire to put it beyond the convenient reach of the owner, who knows too well the propensity of money to slip away for things not real ly necessary. It seems a wonder to us how the poor laboring classes in the Old World could think it possible to save even a penny front their small weekly wages, j j but they do it, and the aggregate is very j ' large. The French are more naturally | j saving than the English, and so are the! Germans. England deserves the thanks of all nations for having demonstrated ! the success of the post office as a savings : j bank. Does anv one doubt that the chances v . are greater in this country than in 'Great j j Britain? The more generous wages earned j ; in this country would allow the laying | aside of dollars instead of shillings, and; dimes instead of pennies. When these savings amount to $10 interest might, be * paid at the rate of 3 per cent. The depos- j its would soon amount to enough to take up our entire national debt, and then the ! installments of interest paid by the gov eminent would all remain at home and go direct to those who needed money most. | It would develop habits of economy and of industry, too, in that portion of society that is now most improvident, most easily ; ; discouraged, most easily tempted or dri- ! yen to the bad. But every one who had | a bank account and money on deposit | with the Government would feel a new ; dignity, pride and ambition. It would do very much to eradicate poverty and lay j the foundation to many a fortune that oth- j erwise would never have been acecumu , lated. Our people do not know howto practice economy. Families of the nobil- ; ; itv in Europe would be shocked at the ; , wanton extravagance that prevails all j , over our country, even in poor families. And our government, considering its pop i ular origin, shows wonderful blindness to • the small details that make a thrifty peo- j pie. Everybody wants to be a millionaire, j i but none seem willing to take the plain, j natural and only path, through small and > incessant economies. With proper facili-1 ities every child in the land would have a j bank account with the government, _™__-. —— POPULATION STATISTICS. The following statement shows the popu- ; kition of certain States and Territories ae- ! cor ding to the United States census of 1880. This statement is still subject to possi ble corrections bv reason of the diseöverv of omissions in the duplication of the in the list of the inhabitants re names turned. ; Alabama......................................................1,261,241 ! ."'.^"'7 ----" 1 '^!^ ; Kentucky ..................................................... Louisana.........................................................949,26.5 Maine.............................................................618,945 I SSS!"........................................................ Oregon».. ................................................. !ij74'767 „ Soinh^ Caroh'îm..... "../..^ Vermont*...................................................... 288 .............................................. Wisconsin....... Maho et . 0 .f.!^!".™^ Montana...........................................................39,157 Utah.................................................................143907 Washington Ter...............................................75,120 Wyomk'.........................................................20,788 --- __ . The Ponca Controversy, Washington, December 28.— Senators; Kirkwood and Davies, of the Senate Ponca Investigating Committee, met at the Interior Department to-day. Tibbies was examined in reference to his attempt last summer to induce the Poncas to leave their reservation aud 8° to Dakota. He admitted that he had *«* «** reservation at the request of the Commise, oner at Omaha, for the pur pose of seeing whether the Poncas would not Indian Territorr and retnrn to Da . ^ . ! ° a ' , a a CUS f ^ made up by them in the Superior Court, and that to aid ., „ . , . ,, T j- m 1 the Poncas in leaving the Indian Territory j ijv ! money had been furnished him to provision ; them on the way. Secretary Sehurz made a statement contra dieting the report that a third of the Poncas had died in the Indian Territory, aud that i only about 440 were left. There are 515 in Indian Territory no w t , 8 at Carlisle school, and 13 in Dakota, which proves that the i mortality among them had not been half what was represented. He also showed that ! the charge about the Poncas being kept in close confinement, so as to make it impos sible for any of their friends to see them on ' or about their reservation, was entirely un true. ; -----•*- -- At Outs With Hayes, ; Chicago, December 28.—The Inter-Oeean'n Washington special says: The stories of; coolness between General Sherman and the White House are not altogether groundless. It arose from known preferences of Sherman ^ the Ord-McDowell matter he demanding the retirement of Ord or the retirement of McDowell. The General's views on the sub ject have supporters, especially when it is learned that McDowell's trip East to vote for Garfield cost the government $1,200 mileage and expenses, while Ord's unlucky dispatch congratulating Hancock was prepaid by him self. ; j i j j ! j j | ! : j j | * j ! | ; ! | | ; j j ; ; j j j j > j ; ! ! 1 j ! ' NO CAUSE OF ALARM We are much surprised at the apparent alarm that has influenced the Tribune to predict another revolution like that of 1873, consequent] upon the locking up of so much money in Pacific railroads. The wail seems to 11 s to rise from those who are interested in other projects, and dread the effects of competition. The Northern Pacific is alluded to as one generation ahead of time, instead, as we think, half a generation behind time. Instead ot cross ing alternate mountains and desserts, through a country without settlement or resources, its route lays almost continuous ly through fertile valleys, with no such elevation as on the Union Pacific, with no difficult passes, and no more liable to b blocked with snow than the roads of Illi nois or New York. Settlement has already pioneered the way and removed the most formidable of the imaginary obstacles. We are surprised that the Tribune should have lapsed into the old fogy notions that a country must be settled up before railroads can be built. The latest demonstrated fact is that railroads are built cheaper in advance of civilization, and that settle ment follows as facilities of travel increase and markets are opened or rendered ac cessible. So far from these interior Ter ritories being only capable of sustaining a scant pastoral population, it is a fact that ought to have become known to the least observing that the entire length of the main chain of the Rocky Mountains is the richest in mineral resources of any in the world. There are enough mines in Mon tana. when worked, to give employment to millions of men. The "Great American Desert" of early geographers include the present thriving States of Kansas and Nebraska. Dakota, once considered ir reclaimable wilderness, is settling with a rapidity that ought to throw doubt at least over the hasty conclusions of early ex plorers. Every State in the Union has once been accounted a worthless wilder ness. No insurmountable obstacles have been encountered in reclaiming them. The most desolate of the deserts in Arizona, New Mexico and Northern Mexico bear evidence of once having sustained a large population, and they can be made to do it again and more easily than in early days. Man's folly has converted the most beauti ful and fertile regions into deserts, and man's wisdom and energy have reclaimed ed deserts into fertile fields. Instead of only a narrow strip of fertile soil along the Pacific Coast, the whole interior is full of fertile valleys and grassy plains, capable of sustaining more than the entire present pop ulation of the country. Montana alone can supply more business than two Northern Pacific roads and the Missouri river can transact. So long as the world has a market for wheat, wool, cattle, horses, the precious metals, copper, lead, iron, etc., there need be no fear that the roads now building will prove profitable investments. Big Money Indians. Washington, December 29. —Two con ferences held here to-day at the Interior De partment before Secretary Scliurz, between the Cheyenne river and Lower Brule Sioux delegations, and the representatives of the Chicago & Northwestern, and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroads, in regard to obtaining the right of way for the construc tion of the two lines of railway through the Sioux reservation. In tlie forenoon a confer ence was held with the Cheyenne River delegation, and "Four Bears" at the outset renewed his proposition of yesterday by ask ing $7,000,000 for the necessaiy lands. Sec retary Sehurz stated that the railroad com pany offered to pay nearly $5 per acre for the necessary strip of land, which he said was nearly four times as much as the govern ment obtained for the wild lands. He en deavored to point out to them the advantages which would result from having the railroad built through this reservation, owing to the fact that it would bring crops nearer to market and thus enhance the value of their land adjoining the railroad. If they wanted to be civilized railroads were great civilizing agencies. "Rattling Rib" then wanted to know whether they could or could not get the | price asked. Secretary Scliurz informed them that they could not, and added he thought j the Indians did not know how much $7,000,- ! 000 was or they would not be so foolish as to ask such a price. "Rattling Rib" concluded his talk by re marking that "we must talk it over slow," ; and added they would go home and talk j with their people. What Invention Next ! Chicago, December 27.—The Tribune has the improbable story from Washington that notwithstanding the cordiality with which j Grant entered the late Republican campaign, he cherished and does not hesitate to express very bitter feelings towards some of the leaders for the kind of warfare they made on i him at the late Chicago convention. During his late visit in New York he took occasion to let Senator Blaine understand that he re garded his conduct in the convention with his attacks upon Gen'l Grant's candidacy as so far transgressing the proper bounds as to put an end to their personal intercourse, i This he did by declining to see the Senator when he called and sent in his card. When Gen. Grant a few days afteward was present ed to the Senate, Mr. Blaine was the only member of that body who did not go forward to be presented. In commenting while in New York upon those things in Blaine's course which displeased him, Grant declared that he should never speak to him again Denial. Washington, December 28.— It is denied that there is any conflict impending between the new administration and the stalwarts. There has been no communication between Garfield and the stalwarts, and there is no warrant for the story. An Important Invention for Domestic Purposes. To the Editor of tlie Herald : Since a boy I have had a mild ambition to do something for the benefit of the human race, and at last, after long years of patient endeavor, I have perfected an invention to which I wish to call the attention of the pub lic through the columns of your paper. >[ v efforts have been directed towards the allevi ation of annoyances in the family circle, and I have a satisfying conviction that parents and other grown up members of domestic commonwealths will hail my invention with unbounded delight. Also neighbors, adjacent to families provided with two or more mem bers of tlie Kindergarten age, will have cause to look upon me as a benefactor, and I fee] assured beforehand of their earnest and hearty sympathy in my undertaking. My machine, the mechanism of which is very simple and the cost of construct ion com paratively little, is designed as a corrective implement for children, and, when brought into general use, will do away with a great deal of painful exercise on the part of parents aud prove a vast saving in the matter of ma ternal slippers. In form, it is a simple cush ioned platform, so arranged as to receive the body of a child in the position usually as sumed when it is kneeling on the door and bending over a low chair. There are com fortable sot-ketvs for the arms, however, which latter must be stretched at right angles from the body, so as to allow of their being se cured by straps in that position. There is also a broad band, which is placed across the legs, close to the knees, which effectually prevents any motion 011 the part of the child occupying the platform. On uprights, fas tened on either side of the body of the ma chine, is a horizontal bar, to which is atta-lied a broad, flexible paddle of tough wood. The paddle, when the mechanism is not working, is drawn down to the rear part of the j>lat form by a strong cord of india-rubber stretch ed across it and fastened to the bottom of the uprights. A series of earns arranged on a wheel, with a crank by which the machine is worked, causes the horizontal bar to re volve, thereby raising the paddle 18 inches, and, with the slipping of each earn, allowing it to fall again with considerable force and rapidity. The principle of the machine will. 1 think, be easily understood from the above descrip tion. Now to its practical working. A child needing correction, or in anticipation of a time when it may need correction, is divested of superfluous clothing and placed upon the comfortable platform. A few seconds suffice to adjust the straps, and everything is now ready. The affectionate parent or guardian then places a hand upon the crank and gives it three swift turns. With each turn the paddle is lifted seventeen times, and exactly the same number of times descends with stinging effect upon the appointed surface of the child's body. So swiftly is the whole operation performed, that the C. K. (correct ed kid) has only had time for one brief screech ere it is released and removed [ in large families) to make, way for another. I am having a velvet-covered nickel-plated machine made, which will be finished on the 29th of February next, and in order to give every head and foot ot a tamily an opportu nity to test the merits of the invention, it will be wheeled around this city for custom every day for two weeks from the date above mentioned. Families of from ten to twelve children can be served in seven minutes, and the charge will be proportionately less than that for parties having only two or three to be spanked. For further uses to which my invaluable machine can be put, such as kneading bread, pounding beefsteaks, etc.. and for family rates for the entire season, commencing February 29th, see advertise ment in another column. Respectfully, ALEXANDER K. Me STING El! Deadly Attack on Colored Men. Fort Monroe, December 2*. — A distur bance occurred Friday evening at Smithville. 15 miles west of here, between a white man named Dunn and a party of colored men. who had met to organize a military com pany. One of the men caught Dunn by bis whiskers and slapped his face, where upon he drew r a single barrelled pistol and killed the negro. Dunn then ran into a store and loaded his pistol, when tlie crowd headed by Dan Cook with drawn sword attacked bim He shot Cook dead, after which he seized a butcher knife and cut his way out. One man named Ed. Drew was badly cut in the abdomen and probably will die, while others were more or less injured. Dunn gave him* self up and is now in jail at Williamsburg Intense excitement prevails among the colored people. Garfield's Cabinet. Chicago, December 28.—The Inter-Ocean sums up a two-columns Mentor correspon dence thus : General Garfield is consulting with his friends about tlie formation ol ht cabinet, and the dispatches this mornin. give an idea of what has taken place. Al though the President elect has not yet de cided upon anything definitely, it seems to be understood among tho.se who have enjoyed his society of late that Ohio is to be skipped this time, and that Jas. F. Wilson, ol Io "* 1 is to be Secretary of the Treasury. Blaine Filley, Hitchcock, of Nebreska, Bennett. <* Colorado, and Morton, of New York, are re garder! by Garfield with confidence. Law Writer Dead. Utica, N. Y., December 29.—A dispaten to the Herald announces that Wm. Wait, tb* great law writer in Johnstown, died tb' morning of consumption. He was the outb of Wait's Practice and other works. •'Yon Don't Know Their Value." "They cured me of Ague, Billiousuess ami K ' ney Complaints, ns recommended. had ft ^ bottle left which I used for my two little whom the doctors and neighbors said could not 1 cured. I am confldent I should have lost hot them one night if I had not had the Hop Bitters ■ my house to use. I found they did them so » good I continued with them, and they ai* ^ well. That is why I say you do not know half value of Hop Bitters, and do not recommend th«^ highly enough.'*—B., Rochester, N. Y.