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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. - Editor. R. E. FISK, - THURSDAY, MARCH lO, 1881. 1 THE INAUGURAL. Owin~ to the late hour of yesterday when the inaugural of President Garfield carne to hand and the eagerness of our city readers to see it at once there occurred .-ense . which distort and destroy the j some errors and mar the beautv of an address of j unusual power and elevated style and sen I timent. President Garfield has been so ! long and recently in public life, his opin- j ions have been so often and clearly ex pressed, that there was less room than j usual for the play of curiosity. His glance at our hundred years of history is a grand j and fruitful one. He makes a manly ap- : peal to the South for hearty* and complete j reconciliation, w ithout abating a whit of the fullest fruits of the war. He boldly , that so far as his lawful authority !C i vow can extend, the emancipated race shall enjov the full and equal protection of the ; constitution and laws He minces no to.isuuuiun aj.u .aus. words to say that the violation of freedom and the sanctity of suffrage G a crime, one, too, that ought to rank with high treason. No excuse can justify this violation. Con ceding that the South alone is not respon tion to eradicate illiteracy by aiding in ; universal education. We shall mistaken if President Garfield signalize his administration bv be much does not leading public attention in and out of Congress, in every part of the country, in a grand on-la 'laliglit upon tile powers ot darkness and ; ignorance. In every measure to elevate and educate the ignorant, Congress will have in the President not merely a sympa thizer and friend, hut a prompter and leader. On all financial issues the President is as sound as he aims to make our credit and currency. There is no room to doubt that his predecessor's last veto meets his fullest approval, and had that approval ! before it was issued. Confidence will re- i turn stronger than ever to business circles for the few clear sentences that express his views and position on finances. We hope he will be able, during his term, to -ce realized his desire, that the purchasing power of every coined dollar shall he equal to its debt-paying power in every market of the world. Agriculture, manufactures and commerce receive such mention as to •how that they will be fostered by intelli gent and appreciative care and effort. The Monroe doctrine will receive no narrow interpretation at the new President's hands. That he makes such special men ti me tion that he has maturely studio and is readv to u.-e all the power Mormon situation foreshadows 1 this problem ! hat the * present or future laws of Congress may i commit to him to root out this poisonous ! weed from our American soii. In the first platform of the Republican i party slavery and polygamy were eliarac- J terized as "the twin relies of barbarism." | Rather exclusive attention heretofore has been devoted to strangling one of these twins, while the other has been waxing fat and impudent on the mild regimen admin istered. While we do not altogether relish the assertion that Congress has the exclu sive right of legislating for the Territories, it is undoubtedly the legal and logical conclusion of the past history of Territo rial governments. We would without a murmur suffer an abridgement of what we believe to be our just powers to accomplish the extinction of this beastly institution. We need something more than general statutes to be administered by the ordinary instruments of court and jury. It is a case that demands special and heroic treatment. Let the Organic Act of Utah be repealed and the country and people be put under martial law. We have no fear or desire for any cruel treatment, but we would have the cunning, impious leaders shut up till they had received some cleaner revela tions from some source and their poor dupes disenchanted and disenthralled. We hear of Mormon grants in Mexico. Even this should not I be allowed to ripen into a new source of j danger. We know of no place in the world for such a religion except Africa. ...... s negotiating tor .and ; If President Garfield, during his term, j Mormon 1 succeeds in working out this problem to a satisfactory conclusion, he j will deserve to rank with the greatest ben- ; efactors of the republic. ! In the matter of civil service reform he J sensibly proposes that Congre the foundation in some fixed and clear j shall lav I j , * legislation. We fancy that there will be, ; G kn. L. L. \ Iele, an engineer long eon- j s nected witii New York city improvements, i "When in 1876 I first administration the brightest and most sue-, (•refill nprind nf AniPrirnn liKtnrv ! i chilli period ot American history. | tells this story began to lay block at Sixtv • v out Central I ark, an entire J tv-fourth street, between Fifth the same light as I did, but he declined to purchase it. Since that time one single lot in this identical block has sold for ôka AAA i .1 Vi i i $50,0°0 andthe entire block averages to -1 uay fully *30,000 for each lot. THE VETO. President Hayes has done the country a good service in vetoing the re-funding bill. It cannot be passed over the veto, and we have little idea that the Democrats will try to make a decent bill of it, such as might pass and be approved. in which the measure was passed the ob 1 ject was not to advance or sustain the cred In the shape it of the government, or lighten the bur dens oi the people, ft had no higher in spiration than to deal a death-blow to the national bank; to compel them to wind j up business so that more of the irredeem substituted. It of j able greenbacks might be was intended as a bid for the support of I .l.rv G.nnnKonL- nurtv in +br> T T nifnrl Statps , . , . . ,, r , e , , ! the Greenback party in the United states. j It may give the Democrats some strength in certain districts, but it wil a so me j some better men aw ay fiom the party. c welcome the issue, certain that the good j sense of the people will not turn its back : on the best currency that it eAcr had. We j do not want Congress fixing the volume of the currency, still less any one man who , may be Secretary ot the Treasury. If Congress undertook this matter for itself it would be necessary for it to be in session ; all the time, or the power to expand and contract must be lodged in the hands of the Secretary, or we would be liable to cor ners and panics every week in the year. If the Democrats were actuated simply by the motive to refund our debt at the lowest obtainable rate, why fix it at three ; They w*ere to be forcée at the price named. Thi buy them, and was no more or J* less than a piece or highwaymansiup very ....... r , \ i , * thinly disguised. It showed no confidence in being aide to float such bonds at par in free, open market. The only honest, ; legitimate and statesmanlike nay of secut ing favorable interest rates is by increas ing the credit of the government ; by al ways having its revenues sufficient to meet every obligation promptly, and acting in perfect good faith with its creditors, not seeking to evade, overreach or force them into terms they would not voluntarily con cede. The President reasoned correctly. The ! crc( lit °f °ur government would have been i injured, more by the approval of such a ! * i ! i J | I fer j to -ill than many times the amount of in tc-rest that it could have saved. We think • , . • • .-n ..i m £• * the situation îustifies the call of an extra nf PimTrp« but we ri , -in'- l-now ^ b There are manv con ,.i, it win I. e ni... Lucie aie man. 1 con I ; gravity, all entitled to be maturely weighed. OUR NAVIGATION LAWS. No two seem agreed as to the reason why our commerce is now being carried on mostly in foreign ships. The fact alone of the decline of our shipping ought to he enough to condemn our present navigation laws. What sense or reason is there in a law* requiring that an American register can only 'be issued to a vessel built in the United States. There i> no nationality about iron, wood or hemp. A ship built on the Civile and bought by an American shipper would serve him just as faithfully, and prove just as loyal to the Stars and j Stripes, as if built in Maine or on the Del- ! aware. The moment a ship is afloat it j lo>es its nationality in ail except a fanci- ! ful sense. Wc can c with England now in manufacture, but not in iron, or coal, nor i ail except a fanci-1 mmnete successfully .ompete successiuuy many branches 0 f ; in ship-building. Because we can't build iron ships as cheap as the English, is that any reason why we should refuse to own, buy or sail them and let our flag float over them? A ship on the high seas, its natur al element and habitat, is as much in the United States as Great Britain. Buying a British-built ship and raising our flag over it is the same as the peaceful annexation Oi a British pro\ ince of the same extent as the area of the deck. There is some thing almost incomprehensible in our peo ple, so keen for extending our country in all directions, neglecting this one w*here we have won glory in other days, and may win wealth beyond compute in the years to come. We would have our law's changed so that an American register should be given to any ship, wherever built, owned by a citizen of the United States. Then, if England ever becomes involved in w*ar with any great power we should witness ; au a i mos (; instantaneous and general trans-1 j Scribner for March contains a deserip 1 tion of a new torpedo vessel invented by j the famous Ericcson somewhat reassuring ; to our national pride and seaboard safety, ! The sum of the invention is concisely giv J en thus: "An armor-clad boat, with a j of greater power than any yet made, capa I submerged <r>m firimr a shell m- tnrnedn = fe 1 ^ " iffti, ble of sinking all the ironclad ships of i ! ; tune at less cost than one such ironclad j s hip as the Inflexible, and a dozen of them ; i could easily defend New York i, qrbnr i • n a against all the fleets m the world. In an | ripple upon the water." Forty of these ! fr™,«,.." „„„ • • * . j G | Destroyers can be built m ninety days' J emergency the gun could be placed, inside ! of forty days, in steamboats of any size or I done in foreign bottoms and our navy has dwindled into comparative insignificance, i the means of defense have not been ne glected, but are equal to any possible emergency. »*1 i-aua. n *»111 UC » ICUCi lO Know Lliai ' though our commerce on the seas is mostly 1 done in foreis-n hnrtoms and A.,r r»ov*. w THE INAUGURATION. Washington, March 4.—All Washington was out at an early hour notwithstanding the storm, and men, women and children were hurrying through the snow and slush from every direction, all intent on reaching Pennsylvania avenue to witness the inaugii ral procession, or to the Capitol, to lie present at the ceremonies to takts place there. Dur inc the entire night trains loaded with the military and civilians arrived, and continued throughout the morning to pour their living j freight into the streets of the city. The jstands erected at various points are capable of seating 25,000 people, and e\ ery seat has M> e Çn solff It is estimated that 50,000 stran-1 j L® At 10:30 a. m. the sun commenced to sliihe I gers are in the city, | A+1n . QAo , bright]y> with a chilly March wind . b]owing f rom the northwest. At this hour ; tbe g rea ter portion of the population of J Washington and Georgetown was out along jj ne m arcli, and with the strangers here over 100,000 assembled to witness the ; sion, passing around the south wing, reached procession. The various divisions marched along Pennsylvania avenue according to pro eranime and at 11-30 the head of the procès ® " ' ' ' ,v/1 the east front of the Capitol. The Presiden j tial carriage was driven to the low*er entrance of the Senate wing, and the President-elect, ™ , , l accompanied by the \ ice-President-elect and Senators Pendleton and Thurman, entered the building and proceeded to the President's rooms, where they remained till 12 o'clock. , , , _ _ As early as 10 o clock crowds began to as , _ . ed to their utmost capacity ,, j thcir octl , lallts being Mies , who I,| ie occasion , vith holiday attire. M rs. a crielrt, wife of the President-elect, and his the approaches to the Senate long before the doors were opened, and within a few minutes 11 after 11 oc-Iock the Senate galleries were fill They presented a very gay appearance, the much larger pro venerable mother occupied front seats in the private gallery, next to the diplomatic gal : , * ,r . 1 : „ ery, and Hayes sat between them, Misses Mollie Garfield and Fannie Hayes and a few* personal friends were of the party. The floor of the Senate began to fill iip at an early hour with distinguished invited guests. The routine business of the Senate proceeded till about 11-30. when the diplo matic corps appeared at the main entrance and attracted universal attention. Sir Ed ward Thornton headed the corps as its dean, The French, Italian and German Ministers r n i rni ,, m i•• i i I followed. Then came tue Turkish Minister! , • , , , . morC COnspiCU ' ously attired the Chinese Legation next ap- ! peared and afforded fresh topic for a buzz of' comment in tile galleries alike by their grave ! ®. " , ® , demeanor and their red cotton mandarin hats and peacock leathers. A few minutes after- j wards the Supreme Court of the United ! ci. . i -, ,, T ,- , , States was announced, and the Justices, head-1, ed by Chief Justice Waite and clad m their robes of office, entered the Senate chamber, Ex-Justices Swayne and Strong also entered ... .. . . ' ,, " with their former colleagues. 1 Shortly before 12 o'clock Gen. Garfield and President Hayes entered the chamber arm in ! arm, escorted by Senators Pendleton, Antho ny and Bayard, the committee of arrange ments, and followed by all members of the Cabinet. As they proceeded down the aisle to the seats reserved for them the Senators and all other occuoants of the floor rose and remained standing until they had taken their ! seats. The Vice-President-elect was next seais - xne v ice-rresiaent-eiect was next announced and took a seat on the right of ® Vice-President Wheeler anndst renewed ap plause, at the conclusion of which lie deliv ered a brief address, and was thereupon sworn in. At this stage of the proceedings the members of the House of Representa tives. headed by Speaker Randall, entered and took seats in a body liehind the diplo matic corps, filling up all the space now re maining in any part of the chamber. The hour of 12. noon, having arrived Vice President Wheeler delivered the valedictory and the 46th Congress was declared at an administered the oath of office to the Sena tors-elect. eud ^ and ^ be new j y inducted Vice-President The work of organization being completed it was announced that the Senate, Supreme Court and invited guests would proceed to the east portion of the Capitol to participate in the ceremonies of inauguration of the President-elect. As the procession filed out through the main corridor to the rotunda the crowds poured down from the galleries and 80011 causea a ° 10CK ? Kf upon the procession soon caused a blockake, aud finally breaking merged with and On reaching the main entr*mr*p fmm ® ^ the rotunda to the platform the pressure was relieved, aud the Psesidential party was en- ! dence abled to reach the front. the u i«"' wim oena tors Pendleton. Anthony and Bayard, while At 12:30 the President reached hi» place at | e iront Oi the platform and took his seat with Chief Justice Waite upon his right and I ex-President Hayes upon his left with Sena immediately behind sat his mother, Mrs. Gar field, Mrs. Hayes, and Vice-President Arthur. At 12:35 Senator Pendleton arose and in _ „ ----- -— delivery Of the message occupied forty-five minutes. At its conclu s *°? cheering was long and enthusiastic, Chief Justice Waite then administered the i usual oath, to which Gartield responded with : reverential fervor. Ex-President Hayes im calm ' ajad was P lain b r heard by every one u P° n thc stan ^ afl d for a long distance on eveT y hand. The delivery Of the message ! mediately pressed forward and congratulated ^ successor, and after him the President's i , • V ", ■ ------ P* a ^"® n ®"y a P n ' at « stam-ase and proceeded 1° tl } e Indents room in the rear of the senate chamber, where a formal reception took place. At 1:30 the party entered their carriages and were driven to their places in the procession, which, at 1:40, started upon its return to the White House. j PRESIDENT GARFIELD'S IN AUGURAL ADDRESS. Washington*, March 4—The following is Gen. Garfield's inaugural address : Felloxc-citizens :—We stand to-day upon an eminence which overlooks one hundred years of national life of a country crowded with perils, but crowned with triumphs of liberty and love. Before continuing the onward march let us pause on this height for a mo-! ment to strengthen our faith and renew our hope by a glance at the pathway along which our people have traveled. It is now* three days more than a hundred years since the j j-j ou aud perpetual union. The new republic was then beset with.danger on every hand. j It had not conquered a place in the family of nations. The decisive battle of the war for independence, w*hose centennial anniversary will be celebrated at Yorktown, had not been fought. The colonists were struggling not only against the armies of Great Britain but against the settled opinions of mankind, for the world did not believe the supreme au thoritv of government could be entrusted to the guardianship of the people themselves. We cannot overestimate the fervent love of liberty, the intelligent courage and unbound C(i common sense with which our fathers made the great experiment of self-govern ment. When they found, in a short time, that the confederacy of States was too w eak to meet the necessities of the vigorous and expanding republic, they Ixildly set it aside and m its stead established a national union lounded d j rect i y upon the will of the people, endowed with future powers of self-preserva tion, and with ample authority for the ac ^mplishment of its great objects. Under this constitution the Ixmndaries ot freedom have been enlarged, the foundations of order ! lauter States, a without and secured for tlieir mariners and I da =\ e fi ua ^[.> 01 rights on all seas. Under this Constitution 2o States have been added t 0 the Union, with a constitution and laws framed and enforced by their own citi zeus to secure the manifold blessings ol local self-government. The jurisdiction of this Constitution now covers an area fifty times " than that of the original Thirteen uid a population twenty times greater than that ot 1780. The supreme trial ot the came at last under the trauend ous pressure ot civil war. Me are witnesses that the Union emerged from the blood and tire of that conflict purified and made stronger ' or :,, J beneficent purposes ot good govern ment ' and uow at tlie close ot tilis * irst een ' tury of growth the further discussion of which can only stir up strife and delay the onward march, the supremacy of the nation and its laws should be no longer a subject of debate. That discussion which lor half a century threatened the existence of the Union was closed at last in the high court ol war by a decree from which there is no appeal, that the constitution and laws made in pur I suance thereof sliall continue to be the su , . , , , - ... preiue law ot tiie land, binding alike upon states and people. This decree does not dis ! turb the autonomy of the States nor inter tere Wit h any of their necessary rules ot local ! *"1 But it does farad «tab lish the permanent supremacy ot the L mon. The will of the nation, speaking with the j voice of battle and through an amended eon ! stitution has fulfilled the great promise of 1776 by proclaiming liberty through , he ^ t0 aU *' inhaM tint s there of. The elevation of the negro race from slavery to full rights of citizenship lîl0; 't important political change we have known since the adoption of the eon 1 st, tution of 1780. No thoughtful men can fail to appreciate with inspirations of its his ! tory in tlieir hearts, that our people nave lately reviewed the condition of the Nation, passed its judgment upon the con duct and opinions of political parties, and have registered their will cencerning the future administration of the go\ eminent. To interpret and execute their will in accordance with the constitution is a paramount duty of the Executive. Even from this brief review ! it i s manifest that the Nation is resolutely facing to the front, determined to employ its racing to me iront, ueternuueu io emjuen us energies in developing the great possi .bilities of the future, sacredly preserving whatever has heeu ' in ed to liberty and liberty good government during the last century. Uur people are determined to leave behind them all these bitter controversies concern ing things which have been irrevocably settled, and wronged and enfeebled both. It has surrendered to their own guardianship the manhood of more than five million peo ple, and has opened to each one of them a career of freedom and usefulness. It has given new inspiration to the pow*er of self help in both races, by making labor more honorable to one and more necessary to the other. The influence of this force w*ill grow greater and bear richer fruit with the com ing years. No doubt this great change has j caused serious disturbance to our Southern ! community. 7 his is to be deplored, though ^ was una ' oidable. But those who resisted the change should remember that under our institutions there was no middle ground for the negro race lietween slavery and equal citizenship. There can be no permanent dis franchised peasantry in the United States. Freedom can never yield its fullness of bl&ss ings as long as the law or its administration ! plaees the smallest obstacle in the pathway j of any virtuous citizen. The emancipated j race has already made remarkable pro-1 gress. With unquestioning devotion to the : Union, and with a patience and gentleness j >- ,i y nu«® ... .uwiugcuw,. aud beginning to enjoy the blessings that ^ gather|around the home of the industrious 1 poor. They deserve the generous encourage- j ment of all good men. So far as my author ity can lawfully extend, they shall enjoy the mau «i uic iauc uhj mu m iw suiuuuu. It ; is alleged that in many communities negro ; citizens are practically denied the freedom | rfita iStÄ aad laws. The free enjoyment of equal suf frage is still in question, and a frank state meat of the issue may aid in its solution. of the ballot. In so far as the truth of this j allegation is admitted, it is answered that in mg the freedom of the ballot. Bad local gov-I eminent is certainly a great evil, which ought, to be prevented, but to violate freedom and j i the sanctity of suffrage is more than an evil, ! : it is a crime, which if persisted in will de- i stroy the government itself. Suicide is not | If in other lands it be counted ! gâtions. So far as the latter is true it is the only palliation that can lie offered for oppos ! W the freedom of the ballot. Bad local gov-1 a remedy, iigh treas treason to compass the death of a king, • ■ — - ------- — ----- than that of negro suffrage aud the present condition of that race. It is a danger that larks and hides m corners and fountains of power in every seat. We have no standard by which to measure the disaster that may be brought upon us by ignorance in citizens when joined to cormp tion and fraud in suffrage. The voters of the Union, who make and unmake constitutions, and upon whose will hangs the destiny ot our government, can transmit their supreme authority to no successor save the coming generation of voters, who are the sole heirs ; of the sovereign power. If that generation comes blinded by ignorance and corrupted j by vice, the fall of the Republic will be ! certain and remediless. The census has already sounded the alarm * in appalling figures which marks how dangerously high the tide of illeteracy has arisen among our voters and their children. To the South the question is of supreme importance, hut re sponsibility for the existence of slavery did not rest upon the South alone. The Nation itself is responsible for the extension of suf frage, and it is under special obligations to aid in removing the illeteracy which it has added to the voting population of North and South alike. There is but one remedy, All the constitutional power of the Nation, ; 0 f the States and all volunteer forces of people should be summoned to meet this danger by the saving influence of uni versai education. It is a high privilege and a sacred duty of those now* to educate their successors and fit them by intelligence and virtue tor the inheritance w hich awaits them 0 n this beneficent work. Sections and races should be forgotten, and partisanship should ; ] )e unknown. Let our people find a new meaning in the divine oracle, which declares that a little child shall lead them. For our little children will soon control the destinies of the Republic. My countrymen, we do not now differ in our judgement concerning the controversies of the past generation, and 50 years hence our children will not be divided in their opinions concerning our controversies. They will surely bless tlieir fathers and their father's God that the Union was preserved; that slavery was overthrown, and that both races were made equal before the law. We may us and offer ample scope for the employment of | our best.powers. Let all our people—leaving , their battle field ot dead issues—move for ward, and in the strength of liberty and a 1 restored Union, win grander victories of peace. The prosperity w hich now prevails is with out parallel in our history. Fruitful seasons have done much to secure it, but they have no t do ne all. The preservation of the pub n c credit and resumption of specie payments, 1 so successfully attained by the administra t j on of mv predecessor, has enabled our peo p i e to secure the blessings which the seasons brought. By the experience of commercial nations in all ages it has been found that gold and silver afford the only safe foundation for a monetary system. Grave doubts have been entertained as to whether Congress is authorized by the constitution to make any form of paper money a legal tender. The present issue of United States notes has been sustained by the necessities of war, but such paper should depend for its value and ^ ^ ^ ^ ...... ....^........ _ ....... ..... currency upon its convenience in use and its prompt redemption in coin at the will of the holder rid not nnon its eomnulsorv circula noiati, unu nor upon us compiusuo cucuia tl0n These notes are not money, but nrom ises to pay money if the holders demand it, and the promise should be kept. The re funding of the national debt at a lower rate of interest should bo accomplished without compelling the withdrawal ol the national ] );ud . ; note s and thus disturbing the business 0 y the country. I venture to refer to the po sition 1 have occupied on financial questions during my long service in Congress, and to say that time and experience have strengthened the opinions I have so often expressed on these subjects. The finances of the govern ment shall suffer no detriment which it may be possible for my administration to prevent. Confusion has recently been caused by varia tions in the relative value of the two metals, but I confidently believe that arrangements can be made between the leading commercial nations which will secure the general use of both metals. Congress should provide that the compulsory coinage of silver now* required by law* should not disturb our monetary sys tern by driving either metal out of circula tion. If possible such an adjustment should be made that the purchasing power of every coined dollar will be equal to its debt-paying power in all the markets of the world. The chief duty of the National Government in connection with the currency of the country is to coin and declare its value. The interests of agriculture reserve more attention from the government than they have yet received. The farms of the United States afford homes and employment for more than half the people and furnish much the largest part of our exports. As the govern ment lights our coast for the protection of 1 mariners and benefit of commerce, so it | should give the settlers of the soil the light, of practical science and experience. Our manufacturers are rapidly making us indus trially independent and are opening to capi tal and labor new* and profitable fields of em ployment. This steady and healthy growth should still be maintained. Our facilities for transportation should be promoted by the continued improvement of our harlwrs and great interior water ways, and by an increase of our tonnage on the ocean. The development of the world's commerce lias led to the urgent demand for shortening the great sea voyage around Cape Horn by the construction of ship canals or railways across the isthmus which unites the two continents. Various plans to this end have been sug gested and will need consideration, but none of them have been sufficiently matured to warrant us in extending pecuniary aid. i The subject is one which will immediately engage the attention of the government, with any commercial route, mit, in tue language | of my predecessors, I believe it to be the 1 right and duty of the United States to assert anil maintain such supervision and authority over any inter-oceanic canal across the istli mus that connects North and South America as will protect the National interests. The constitution guarantees absolute rcli gious freedom. Congress is prohibited from making any law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting a free exercise there of. The Territories of the United States are subject to the direct legislative authority of Congress, and lienee the General Government esponsible for any violation of the consti lation in any of them. Tt is therefore a re proach to the government that in the most constitutional _____ . and ! the authority of Congress is set at naught, The Mormon church not only offends the moral sense of mankind by sanctioning po lygamv, but it prevents the administration of justice through the instrumentality of the law. In my judgment it is the duty of Congress j while respecting to the utmost the conscien populous of the territories the eonstitnti guarantee is not enjoyed by the people, the authority of Congress is set at nan tious convictions and religious scruples of every citizen, to prohibit within its jurisdic tion all criniinal practices, especially of that class which destroy the family relations and j endanger social order, No/ can any eccle siastical organization be safely permitted to usurp in the smallest degree the functions j and powers of the national government. The civil service can never be placed on i a satisfactory basis until it is regulated by law for the good of the service itself, for ' the protection of those who are en- 1 trusted with the appointing power against the waste of time and obstruction to public busi ness, caused by inordinate pressure, and for the peace and protection of incumbents against intrigue and wrong. I shall at a proper time ask Congress to fix the tenure of the minor offices of the several executive departments, and prescribe the grounds upon which the removals shall be made dur ing the terms for which the incumbents have been appointed finally, acting always within the authority and limitations of the constitution, invading neither the rights of j States nor the reserved rights of the people, , It will be the purpose ot my administration ; to maintain authority in all places within ! its jurisdiction; to enforce obedience to all j the laws of the Union in the interest ot the people; to demand rigid economy in all the ! expenditures of the government, and to re am] faithful ( quire honest and faithful service of all executive officers, reniemliering that the offices were created. not for the benefit of i the incumbents or their supporters, hut for the service of the government. And now, fellow-citizens, I am about to assume the great trust which you have committed to my ; hands. I appeal to you for that earnest and thoughtful support which makes this Gov eminent in fact as in law a government of the people. I shall greatly rely upon the wisdom and patriotism of Congress and of those who may share with me the responsi ; bilities and duties of the administration, and above all to promote the welfare of this great ■ people and their government, I reverently 1 invoke the support and blessings of Almighty 1 God. j j Garfield'* Cabinet. Washington, March 5.—President Gar field sent to the Senate the following nomi nations : Secretary of State—James G. Blaine, of Maine. Secretary of the Treasury—William Wia dom, of Minnesota. Secretary of the Interior—Samuel J. Kirk wood, of Iowa. Secretary of War—Robert T. Lincoln, of ; Illinois. Secretary of the Navy—William H. Hunt, of Louisiana. i Postmaster General—Thomas L. James, of New* York. ! Attorney General —M ay ne Mcv eagii,* ot I Pennsylvania, Secretary Sherman's Resignation. Washington, March 4.—The following is the text of Secretary Sherman's resigna tion : To Hon. II. B. Hayes, President of the United States : Mv Dear Sir.—H aving been elected a member of the Senate of the United States, I have the honor to resign the office of Secretary of the Treasury, to take effect this day. In thus severing our official relations, I avail myself of this opportunity to express my grateful appreciation and heartfelt thanks * or the support and assistance you have so uniformly given me m the discharge of the duties of that office. I shall ever cherish .......n„_____ gemment . with pleasant memories my friendly associa tion witii you as a member of your Cabinet, and shall ever follow* you in your retirement from your great office with my best wishes and highest regards. Very trulv your friend, (Signed; * * ' JOHN SHERMAN. The Secretary took leave this afternoon of the officers and employees of the Treasury department who had assembled in his room, in the follow ing words in reply to an address made by Assistant French : Mr. Ackliu, Secretary French, and 1 ad li and gentlemen.—I have received this mark of your appreciation and kindness with more emotion than is usual with me. I leel that we have served together in four years of im portant and exacting labor, and during that time I have no doubt that in my intercourse with you I have not always been wliat you here certify I have been. I have no doubt that often 1 have been abrupt, impatient and perhaps have not been observant of oil the courtesies and kindness that men ought to exercise in their intercourse rvitli each other. .Still we have been engaged in the perfor mance of great and important duties, where decision was necessary and promptness in dispensible. Now in leaving you to be trans ferred to another specific duty, I feel that I have no enemies here I wish to punish,but all are friends whom I would lie glad to re ward. Most of you have been here longer than I have. Many of you are iudispensible to public service. The head of this depart ment may change, may come and go, and yet there are men whom I now ad dress could not be spared from public ser vice, and from this department as readily as any Secretary who might be named. Your duties are extremely important. The safety of public money aud public interests all de pend upou the exactness with which ac counts are kept and the various duties of subordinates are observed and performed. Without the signature of many of you I sign no paper of importance. The great Ixnly of the duties of this department are performed by you. It is only here and there, when new questions arise or when important policies are to he pursued, that the Secretary of the Treasury performs important func tions, You have the custody and control of the collections and disbursements of public revenues. Upon your judgment all accounts are passed. Upon your fidelity all public money is preserved, and therefore to you more than to me properly conies the credit of the performance of duties in this department. I am thankful (without any grave violation of and perhaps I, also, have duties to the best of our abili tv and with satisfactory success. Our couu try is now prosperous. Four years aao her financial conduct was oue of gloom and de spondency. We found our paper money be low par. We found our public credit mi paired iu all the markets of the world. By your agency and by a favorably turn of events, and more than all, by the blessings of a divine Providence, we now find our public credit exampled among the nations of the world. We find the public money is all at par with gold and safe in the custody of the Treasurer and his subordinates. Wc find our accountiary officers pursuing tlieir duties evenly and exactly, and without re proach or critcism. Now gentlemen I can say no more. When I leave you I desire to have kindly recollection and friendship of you all. I will be glad to shake hands with any who desire to do so. ( k l - m uaa u e \ eon( -luding remarks broken, and, at times, almost inaudible. Many officers with whom Sherman has been intimately associated, were also deeply affected. The Orangemen. Toronto, March 4.—In response to a cu blegram from the Orange emergency comiuit tee of Dublin, the Orange order of British Nort h America wül shortly issue a circular * . *° * _ od ^ es throughout Canada, asking 1» contributions to aid their brethren in Icelami in resisting Land League tyranny, and to re lieve persecuted Irish lovalists.