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FISK BROS., - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, - Editor. THURSDAY, MARCH 34, 1S81. ERRATA. A mis _ take—the firet one of the kind that nas occurred in the Herald office in many many years— was made in the date on the first page of this paper. It should have been March 24th instead of March 17tli. OREGON STEAM NAVIGATION CO. \ND NORTHERN PACIFIC. A 'omewhat incredible story was afloat not long since to the effect that the Oregon Steam Navigation Company was buying a controlling interest in the Northern Pacific railroad. Improbable as such a story -ccni> it is now accepted by the best posted -tock circles as an accomplished fact. Henrv Villiard, President of the Oregon I Mcam Navigation Company, with some capitalist friends who have confidence in his judgment, have recently purchased $25,000,000 of the Northern Pacific rail road stocks. This is only about a third of the total stock, but it is more than any one man or set of men hold. Even Presi dent Billings, the largest individual own er, has not more than one third as much us Vi Hard now controls. The object of principally 1 \ iliaid A Company bas been piincipally j to protect their present virtual monopoly : 1 1 j j of the commerce of Oregon and Washing ton. The connection of the Northern Pa cifie with Puget Sound, we may be sure, will not be made very early or very direct, and at all times xvill be subordinated to the O. S. N. Co.'s interests. Northern Pacific was intending under its old man agement and ownership to build one line down thc north bank of the Columbia. This would bring it into direct and militi ons competition with the O. S. N. Co.'s boats and railroad line on the south bank of the Columbia. Rather than engage in this losing contest one had to buy out the other, and what seemed the smaller con cern absorbed thc larger one. There will probably be little or no change in the general policy or management of the Northern Pacific—none at all except the western end. It is said that Villiard has acted with thc full knowledge and con currence of the syndicate xvhicli is to sup ply the money to build the Northern Pa cific. The stock of the Northern Pacific has advanced and its fortunes are consid ered more assured than ex'er. Instead of a losing rivalry for insufficient business at the xvestern end, there is now an assurance of a profitable alliance in an old establish ed line. j j ; I $o far as the interests of Montana are affected by this change, it would seem that xvith this great increase of confidence . . . ., and strength the work would advance ° , , more speedily and that this work mostly , , 1 : , , - be done on the eastern end. Ihe portion of the line from Spokane Bridge to Puget Sound xvill he the last to be finished instead of the first, and we may look for a much more rapid construction and earlier com pletion of the eastern portion. This O. S. X. Co. have not only secured a controling interest in thc Northern Pacific, but looks as if it had a similar understanding and arrangement xvith the Union Pacific, which has just announced its purpose to extend a line front Baker Station west ward through Idaho to Granger City x hegon. At this point the O. S. N. Co. xvill meet it with a branch and thus xvill hold in its hands the ends of t\x F o conti nental roads, turning all the business of both over its present line of transport. .., , , , , ... , consolidation and change ol hands , , . not he relished in those portions of ..._i , lf . , This xvill Oregon and Washington xvhicli lie at a distance from the Columbia river. The O. S. X. Co. is not, as supposed, made up of small provincial capitalists, but includes "'»me of the heaviest German, Chicago and Boston operators xvho express unbounded confidence in the success of the Northern Pacific. _ It seems to us that much more of the I ountry's attention is directed in the tele- ' minis to the opinions, purposes, health I prospects of David Davis than the ; nial real importance of the subject justifies. He i* pretty heavy for the fence that he in upon straddling, though evidently not a comfortable seat. His convictions evidently are Republican, and so are most of his expressions of opinion, but notxvith >tatiding this he generally votes with the ■ Democrats. The buzzing of the Presidential hoe in Ills bonnet has disturbed the normal j How of bis ideas, and uncoupled his acj >n- from his convictions, much as they ! d in case of Chase and Greeley. 'EXATOIP Hamlin and Thurman and | Representatives House and Crowley, xvere - ! 1 ' ' tellers appointed to count the electoral ; ■ uc. -Jr. 1 lamlin gave Garfield 3B votes | rwni Nevada, xvhicli casts only three in all; L\ 1 barman gave Hancock five from i \ ermont, xvhicli voted for Garfield; and in like manner Messrs. House and Crow ley gave the 13 votes of Nexv Jersey and ! Florida to Gurflold. although rl.ov j i'.r Hanoock. X ct by some surprising; Ua : ! CJ ! ' i 1C,V a agreed jn mak ing the total of the figures agree 214 : Hancock, 155. -Garfield, LEOPOLD Rothschïld, just married to 1 - fiss 1 crugia, is an excellent skater. One < av le skated lus name into thc ice, when another skater added the legend : Pay the hearer fifty million dollars. rui , DI ———— j i . y * a per ec epidemic of Mexican I railroad schemes. DOUBT AND DELAY. We surely hope the question will soon be settled whether we are to have an ex tra session of Congress, for the uncertainty is affecting the business of the country unfavorably. The Tribune's Washington | correspondent says the matter is unde-, cided and thinks without an extra session I that the revenues of the country will en- j ! able the Secretary of the Treasury, with the powers conferred upon him. to reduce the National debt £150,000,000 before the ! 1st of January next. It is to he borne in , mind that during the four years of Haye's | , administration, which we are entitled to : ! regard a prosperous era, the total reduc tion of debt was only about $200,000,000 1 or but little more than $50,000,000 per an- ; j num. To increase this reduction three fold in a single year, would, we feel, be attempting too much. We do not know upon how good a foundation the estimates are made of a surplus of ten million per : month. It strikes us that this will depend I greatly upon the crops of the coming seas011 a R 0U t which it is much too early ! n, season, about which it is much too early : to make any confident prediction. ! Calculations made at the treasury de partment represent that it would be more profitable for the government to negotiate I the $100,000,000 of 41 per cent, bonds yet | unsold, at a premium of 11] to lli, at , . . . * . .. . „ . ' : which rate it is oeueved thev could now , ,, , , , .* 1 be sold, than to supply their place with j ' 11 * 1 I per cent bonds at par. Between these j j two resources the debt could be pretty ! : , . , -ijc -,i f . I j fairly provided for without an extra ses sion. And yet we think an extra session | j would be preferable with a nexv refunding act and a reduced rate of interest. We ; think it unwise to attempt to reduce our National debt more rapidly than $50,000,- ; 000 per annum. Rather than attempt j more xve would prefer to see a reduction made in the tariff rates. Some reduction j of these rates on some well defined prin ciple should be made every two years, not , _ , . c , UAftAA AAn I undertake to lilt $150,000,000 of its public , , , • , . .. I nohr in o uinrrln xrno r tua i'Avir DlUCll IC<H' j enough at any one time to derange any manufacturing interest, but enough to direct manufacturers to look more to them j selx'es to keep their place in the home ; market and gradually accustoming them I to seek markets abroad. It is estimated that 10,000 miles of rail- ! road xvill be built this year in the United ; States and we cannot count the cost of j this at less than $250,000,000. On this : there will be little return for the first year. ! It may mciea. tiie earnings of older roads, but as these are increased the pub- i lie will naturally and justly demand some decrease of rates. We may fairly estimate that $200,000,000 will be withdrawn from the actix-e capital of the country and per manently invested where it will yield ; much indirect profit to the country and be j ! sure to yield good direct profits in future ; years, but not much for the present. If in j addition to this the government should , debt in a sinsrle year, xve x'ery —— ., , A. . ,, , , ! the general effect upon tne money market, T . . . c . . 1-7 it is not a safe experiment and if any con ! " v "'V ! iation would siderable failure should happen to the crops, a great and general stringency xx'ould ensue in the markets, possibly a panic and a general failure. Much of the dread of an extra session of Congress comes from the recollection of what has been done at recent sessions when a Demo I cratic majority controlled the policy and j all parties were intent on manufacturing j capital for the Presidential contest. Noxv : that there is a Republican majority and I that majority is in full harmony xvith an j able and vigorous Administration, and ! both are fresh from the people fully in i formed of their wants and ready to execute them, xve have no fears but that such legis .. be accomplished as would aid : „ . , , , . , , IT . , , , all interests and cripple none. With both ', „ „ . , ; houses fully organized and the committees constituted, questions could be referred to proper committees and besides xvhat is actually done a still greater amount of work would he made ready for early action at the regular session. ri'. Louis Globe Democrat : Twenty years ago no one xvas sanguine enough to I sul)po f that the rate of interest on P ublic ' this country îvould fall below G I pt?r cen t* during the present century. Most ; oi tbe state bonds were at tbat tiine be ' low par, and there appeared to be much more of a probability of an adx-ance than a decline in the interest rate of public se curities. Now many of the States are able to borrow money at a rate from I to 2 per cent. loxx r er, but find themselves com ■ axx-ait the maturity of bonds hax*e, unfortunately, too long a time j This is the Predicament in which j, 1 ^ so " n '7 P laced at present. Could it ! bave been f° rese en xvhat beneficent effects would flow from twenty years of Republi can administration of national affairs, the | state debt might have been kept xvithin reach ; but such foresight xvas hardly pos ; sible under the circumstances. The con | dition of things under Democratic suprem acv had endured so long, that the follies i and imperfections of Democratic manage ment could only be made manifest by ex I )er ience. The Democratic party has been a ! great m i s ^ ortune to the country from what j ever 8lde h is considCT «l-__ President Elliot, of Harvard ; Mary L. Booth, of Harper's Bazar, and the cook of Parker's restaurant, Boston, receive the same salary—$4,000. 1 The School Boaad of Springfield, Ohio, has prohibited the use of the skipping rope by the girl pupils, on the ground that it is injurious to their health, —-_ About a quarter of the Vermont towns hax'e elected xvomen as superintendents of schools. THE MEXICAN DIVERSION. While in full accord with the general disposition manifested by our government and people to show friendship and lend a helping hand to Mexico, it somehow | strikes us that just now the thing is being overdone. Gen. Grant is about starting for that country and we have the utmost j confidence in his sagacity and prudence, provided he was in general authority. But it seems as if many were watching ! General and trying to win influence , imitating his example. Almost every | now comes some grand new announce-1 : ment of what is doing or what going to be done in Mexico. It was no great matter to connect that country with our own by ; telegraph and it created hardly a ripple on the surface of public attention when last week the Western Union advertised its readiness to receive and transmit dispatches to any part of Mexico. But : building railroads is a pretty expensive piece of business. There are already a half dozen grand trunk lines projected, and at ! least three of these have now a heavy : least tnree oi these nave now a ! force of men at work. The Atchison, To peka A Santa Fe road is aiming for Guay mas on the Gulf of California, and work I ing in both directions with expectations | of completing its connection within a year, Then there is the Mexican Central going : , „ . . . . „ north nom the capital, aiming tor El Faso, 7 ' c , . j with 10,000 men already atwork, and the I . ' . . / ' j Mexican National aiming for Laredo, on f ! the Rio Grande with 7,000 men already at ; I , „ » *,>. work. Besides these the Denver A Rio | Grande claim to have a concession for a j narrow guage road to traverse thc entire ; length of the country. Other roads are j projected in every direction till one is ; quite bewildered in trying to trace them j j and still more to conceive where all the j capital is to come from to construct them, | j and still again to conceive where the busi- j ness is to come from to support all these j roads when built. We are told that Mexi- j co lias a population of 0,000,000—quite a j respectable number it is true if they were as active and productive as our own citi zens, man for man, but it includes Indians and lialf-breeds, and if divided by three ! it would still fall short of representing an equivalent of Yankee enterprise in pat ronizing a railroad either in travel or freights. Then the population i in the central and southern provinces and verv little of it in the northern ones, through which the roads are building. In; fact Northern Mexico has been losing pop illation for some centuries past, the Indians driving out the whites, and cultivated dis tricts lapsing into wilderness. The Mexi can and doubt mostly I I j i ; quite willing to make liberal land grants j in districts they have been unable to hold, with a prospect of having their Indian marauders disposed of. We are told further that thc mines of Mexico .tie exceeding lieh. Granted, but tliex are no riciiet than through other por tions of the same range even into Alaska, They are certainly not richer for the mil-1 lions that have been taken out and sent away. Besides, mines do not furnish freight to railroads like grain producing countries. It is all xvell enough for Mexi co. The lands given are good for nothing as they are and to them. But these com panies that are building these roacls have to draw money from the capital of the United States for the purpose, and then they xvill have to draw population from the same source to settle and cultivate these lands and work these mines. It may not be quite so expensive as to undertake to fill up xvith earth or pump dry the Gulf of Mexico, but it is after all a great, costly and sloxv undertaking. What dis turbs us most about it, is that is is dix'ert ing capital, enterprise and population from the Territories of the United States xvhere they are all needed and xvill be for half a century to come, and xvhere they xvill certainly yield as rich returns, have better security and protection xvliile ad ding to the strength of our oxvn country, developing its resources and increasing its s __ I The story that Mr. Haves has been j draw revenues. It is not mere focal jealousy that prompts this criticism, but xve be lieve patriotic and sound financial con siderations justify it. ing liis salary in advance and making the interests on his money at Government expense does not seem xvell founded. An anonymous official of the Treasury De _ 1 about the 28th,"afteV ««in» through all the j usual formalities. " partment is authority for the statement j that the warrants for his salary xvere drawn about the 25th of each month for the amount due at the end of the month, and Fine Buildings. f i 1(X ^,77™' 1011 Wbolfolk willbeOSfeet deep. The" width of each room in the clear xvill be eighteen Excavation began yesterday on the site of of the St. Louis Hotel which I xvas burned last winter, and the two lots ad joining. On inquiry, xve find that Fred Gamer, Morris Bros and A. M. Woolfolk will erect a txvo-story block of stores on these ; i feet. They will have a common hall and stairway five and a half feet wide, iron roof, and lie made as completely fireproof'as pos the city xvhen completed. j —We saw fifteen Celestials under direction lots. They will liax-e deep basements, the ground floor all iron and glass [fronts, and the upper stories handsomely ornamented fronts. The stores of Gamer and Morris will ex tend back sixty feet, and the building of Air " ' 1 sible. It is intended to be the finest block in I ofStreet Supervisor Evans, working out their j roa axon am street this morning. They j were removing the ice, which was two feet thick in places, and it was being carted away. The street will soon be dry and passable. ment of Mr. Robert E. Fisk as Postmaster THE APPOINTMENT OF MR. FISK. The Independent says that the appoint-! of Helena was made wholly at the person-, j al solicitation of Secretary Blaine, is at most a mere assumption of the editor of that paper abundant evidence to contradict probable that Mr. Blaine was friendly ' This Mr. Fisk; it is conceivable that hemay ing his appointment Mr. Fisk has resided in Helena for over j fifteen years. During this time he has , published a paper in which he has faitli fully and consistently advocated the cause and principles of the Republican party. ! It is a very common and a very proper practice for the Administration to recog-1 j nize services of this character ; but neither Mr. R. E. Fisk, nor any one else connect ed with the Herald has ever before re ! eeived any position at the hands of the r £ V Then Mr. Fist's acquaintance in the East is not limited to a single Republican of influence with the present Administra tion. He is widely known among the leading members of the party in the States where he resided before he came to Mon , , , , TT . ,, „ tana and throughout the union, borne of , .... these, wholly without solicitation, are; ' * - — f knoxvn to have been actix'c in presenting ________________ ______ _______ ____ _____ ; his claims. T> . , ,, . . . ■■ But above all, as is perfectly clear to all j unprejudiced minds, Mr. Fisk owes his appointment to the fact that it was desired j and requested by the Republican party of Montana. Papers in his behalf were j signed by many of the leading Republi-! j cans of the Territory, xvho unquestionably | represented in their expressions the senti - j ments of nine-tenths of the members of the party. And aside from our personal grati on the part of the tried and true Republi fication at his success, xve feel that it may be regarded as a subject for congratulation ; cans of Montana that the new tra tion should have exhibited bv Adminis this ap Unitcd -O. H. pointment a disposition to give effect to their wishes. , * 1 Thkke are tx\*o Platts in the State Senate, both Republicans— U. H. Platt of Connecticut, xvho was elected in 1870, and Thomas C. Platt, of Nexv ^ ork, recently elected. And there are also two i Davises in the Senate, of Illinois and West Virginia ; two Jones of Nevada and Florida, and two Hills of Georgia and Colorado. 1 : Scientific Miscellauv. of ; M. Chappins suggests that the presence of ozone in the upper regions of the air may ; give to the sky its blue tint. He argues that ozone is constantly being produced by elec trical discharges, and recent researches have shoxvn that ozone is blue in color. ! p)r. Delaunay, a xvell known Paris suçant, i claims the discovery of a curious means of, guaging a person's intelligence. To ascertain ! the qualities of an applicant cook, for in- ; stance, it is sufficient to give her a plate to clean, or sauce to make, and watch lioxv she ! mox es her hand in either act. If the motion is from left to right, or in the direction of the hands of a xvatch, she may be trusted ; if the I other xx-ax r , she is sure to be stupid and in 1 capable. The intellectuality of other people ! 1 . J 11 may, m like maimer, he determined hv re-, J ' ' j \ ( i uestin g them to draw a circle on paper, and s higher than Mount Blanc. noting in which direction the hand is moved, i ° The inferiority of the weak-minded is in- ; . * , , , . , . „ ja variably indicated hv their diaxvmg from J p j llg J t( :! Ll \, , . j Mr. Alex. Adams lias made the remarkable „ , discovery of electric tides in telegraph cir I j ! ing the different diurnal positions of the ° 1 moon with respect to the earth. i 1 : A method of cooking by electricity is to he ; ° ?.. . . J ; I : I i cuits. By long-continued and careful obser vations he has determined distinct variations of strength in the earth currents, which are alxvays present on all telegraph xvires, follow exhibited at the Paris exhibition. The moon has twenty-eight mountains Interesting nexv discoveries have been made at Pompeii. In one district a house has been excavated xvhicli was in the course of construction xvhen the terrible catastrophe liefell the city, and xvhieh differs materially from all other Pompean houses in its plan. In another house a large square piece of black glass x\-as found fixed into the xvall, which most perfect j xvall-paintings xvere discovered, possessing an when slightly moistened forms the j rfectnurror. Inn third house varions ; artistic rather than scientific interest. That germs of disease may live for a long period seems to be proven by recent expert , ,, 7 ,. „ „ T 1 ments under the direction ot M. Pasteur. ,, , , .... . „ x eu s îeep xx ere ea taiy, oi a exx lours, j to a ptece of ground where some animals that | died ot anthracoid disease, or charbon , had l>een buried twelvc years l )rcviomh J- T "'° of I them caught the disease alld died - There was n ° 61888 for the sheep to eat ' and 11 is thougllt those tw0 must have received the germS iu the course of ' smellin « about the ; ground - Part of the ground covering the i remains of the diseased animals A that of a person at Nexv York seeing an ob jeCt 0nly tw ° inches ' ^ di ameter a t Boston remai,iS 01 lllc uiseaseti animals vegetables aiC U0 " gl °" n ' and Pasteur sought to ^ earn ^ an Y pc 1 ' 1 ' 011 about the farm had been ] a a ^ ec * ed * hiimer knexx ot none, but showed a healed sorc of malignant pustule (the same kind of disease) on his own face. P AL Pasteur supposes that if the vegetables tl . . , , l . . , , eaten had not been cooked, there might have been a different tale to tell. • | The feat of seeing the satellites of Alars j ^ 01 a telescope «• equivalent to -The tel^rams 5^'Washington say many disheartened office-seekers are walking P° home. Well, they had a ride there and they can afford to walk back, when they go coasting. Boys do it for fun I ! The Chinese Treaties—Funding Bill. stituted Committee on ^ ^ Chinese Treaties by agreeing to Foreign Relations ' ' held their first meeting to-day, and promptly ! acted 01 ! the (Chinese Treaties by agreeing to ed to the Senate this afternoon and placed ^ its calendar for consideration in due j course hereafter< The Committee's action upon the treaties, nor accompanied with any un derstanding that the members should there , , . , . „ , v • -, . l>y lie precluded from oScrms amendments or indeed from opposing favorable action m the Senate. It being universally conceded ! that these important Treaties, xvhicli had al ready been examined by former Committees, must be disposed of during the present ses sion, and it being equally evident that any discussion which might arise in thisCommit ■ ^ ee concerning them would ha\etobcgone over again in the Senate, the tax orable report ; was ordered by common consent, simply as j thc <*««<*» for «l>«litit. S fowl nc tion. It should be added, however, that aside from conjecture and some rather vague intimations (which may or may not prove to be significant), there is no special reason to ! aailul " lt " 111 „ able opposition to the ratification oi the „ .. .... , , , ,, Treaties m their present terms, and on the other hand there is strong reason to behexe, . . ,. . . . . , ... . sideved nossible th P v will both be ratified bv , sictered possible, thej xx ill Doth De ratified bj , j the requ isite two-thirds majority without j ! amendment. | The prevalent impression on both sides ! 0 f the Senate Chamber to-day xvafe that an j extra session of Congress will certainly be be called and the sentiment in favor of liold : ing one appears to gain great strength among 1 the Republicans in the House, xvliile the Democrats, except on account of considéra j tions of personal convenience, profess to be equally desirous that the proposed call should i ; be issued. The Republicans' desire for it, ; springs from an apprehension that the defeat of the last funding bill may be used against | the party next fall, unless they meanxvhile make an effort to enact some nexv measure j and prove a desire to set the Election Com-j mittee machinery at xvork to seat a number ; of Republicans from the southern districts, | 1 F and thus secure a xvorking majority for the regular session of the House of Representa tives.. The Democrats, on the other hand,, i express themselxes as satisfied that the Re publicans xvill fail to obtain the passage of any funding bill materially different from the one which President Hayes vetoed, and that 1 their opponents xvill in the end be obliged : either to accept substantially the same mea sure or go before the country xvith, practi callv, the same responsibility that the extra ; session is to be called for the purpose of averting. The Democrats declare that xvhat was knoxvn as the Carlisle section in the vetoed funding bill must be insisted upon, and if necessary made a party question. A few of thc Democratic members elect arc op posed to it, but the overwhelming majority of the Democrats of both Houses favor it ; strongly, and xvith the aid of the Greenback ers an d a considerable number of western j ! Republicans, they would in all probability ! be able to compel its retention or insertion ! hi an y funding measure that maybe brought I before either House for consideration. „ ,, . 7. the Extra Session Question, ! xr i nn r P , . „ . , \\ ASHIXGTOX, March 22.—The semi-official P , . . announcement that no final decision " reachet | at t j ie ca bj ne t meeting to-day re ^ , . . , , gardmg tne extra session, is regarded as „ • v , „ ... , ja strong indication that no call xvill lie m • issued. The various arguments outlined in last night's dispatches, adverse to the issuance „„u , ,, . , , ol a call have evidently gained great currency among Republican Senators and Representa tives, for many xvho have heretofore advocat ed an extra session for the purpose of euact ing a funding laxv, are noxv convinced that no measure satisfactory to their partv would " .■ . liax'e any assured chance of passage at pre . ,, , ... .. sent, and xvliile the pressure m favor ot an , . , , extra session lias about exhausted its force, the opposition is hourly becoming more poxverful. Protests directly or indirectly ad dressed to President Garfield are pouring in from representatives of business interests in all the principal cities. All the Republican members of the Senate Finance Committee, together xvith Senators Bayard and McPlier- , son, of the Democratic members, have unit edly advised the President against the issu ance of the proposed call for refunding pur- 1 poses this summer, and Secretary Windom has express0(1 a (lecided opinion that the i Treasury Departmcnt wi „ , )c abundantly ! able to take care of the maturing debt for the j remainder of the calendar year xvithout any , additional authority from Congress to as , , . , .. great extent and with satisfactory saving of | j-, . , , ,, ,. ■ expenditures for interest as could reasonably ; ^ hojied for, if Congress xvas conx ened in I Ma v , 0n the , vholCj the outlook indicatcs ' that the idea of conx ening an extra session j this spring he abandoned, and that it C on- ! gress be convened in advance of its regular : session, the date xvill be fixed for about the | ! middle of October. ---- A Prominent Mail's Opinion of Montana We learn that Judge Bagg, xvho visited Montana last summer, accompanied by his daughter and Miss Lewis, two charming a dies of Dubuque, Iowa, xvill come up the river again this season, in company xvith a ; number of Haxvkeye representatives of the 1 P re fy> an d that the party will make a tour of tl 1C ^ crrd ^yi taking in the great I alls of the Missouri, the \ elloxvstone Park and the most prominent places here. The Judge xvas very favorably impressed on his former visit, and stated to a reporter ot a Waterloo paper, her splendid stock grazing lands, her almost matchless resources, and her thrifty and P° or man, a man of moderate means, or one whole, xvere the most prosperous he had ever | seen. River Press , lßth in sfi | Journalistic Ent erpris e Extraordinary. ^ e ^ s Pl en did paper tell its own story. In the daily issue of March 12th it l j puh ' lishes the following article: , <>The Pime e r Press has recently struck out hud never before been accomplished, the lease for j a tenu of years of a special wire of its own j from Chicago to Washington, and made a j graph wire of its own, fifteen hundred miles ' n length, connecting its borne office in St, I Paul with its Chicago office, and the latter ; with i(s Washington l.nmm. over whiel' i" | special dispatches from Washington and Chicago are transmitted ami received by it j ^''^operatois, font ai _'\ b<au _^ e uecessarv for this service in the three offices. There are. we believe, only three other newspapers in America which have special lines of their own to Washington, one in New York, one in Cincinnati and one in Chicago. But the Pioneer Press operates a vastly greater length of wire by reason of its much greater distance from the capital, and of course at an im mensely greater cost. For it controls and operates two xvires connected, as already stated, at its central office in Chicago. This arrangement, of course, involves a very large expenditure of money, so large that there are few newspapers in the country which would I undertake it it they could. Lut the innnen advantages xvhicli it gives the Pioneer P, over other newspapers in the Northwest arc apparent. It enables the correspondents of the Pioneer Press to transmit the news col lected from all points at its Washington and I Chicago bureaus xvithout regard to quantity °' v 7 pime ' and onables tb .° bomc office to , exercise as direct a supervision over its lore v j of correspondents at these distant bureaus as | over the staff of editors and reporters at St. <u im I1,au o lliauo11 rerummto .um tne in cidents thereto from Washington, a feat ex Paul and Minneapolis.'' As an illustration of the completeness of the arrangements of the Pioneer Press in get ting nexvs, its daily edition of March 5th con tained fifteen columns, or 23.000 words, giving a most complete and graphic account of the inauguration ceremonies and tin i ; | j celled by none, and only equalled by one paper in the United States. This great paper has come up to the standard of the most en terprising Nexv York dailies, and surpasses in its means of getting nexvs from all over the world, all the other papers of the country. It mantains Washington and Chicago bureaus and daily gathers and publishes the nexvs from the East and the great West and Xortli xvest, and lias correspondents in every part of the United States and Canada in theii chief cities and nexvs centres. It will be a ma h ci °f piidt to tlu thousands of lmaiu residents of Minnesota, noxv scattered all over Montana, to knoxv of the success and prosperity of their favorite home paper, tiie Pioneer Press. The xxeeklx* is furnished to subscribers at $1.15 per year for single copies, and when the Northern Pacific railroad is completed into our Territory, its former readers xvill all be glad to see its familiar face. We congratulate our contemporary on the consummation of its great enterprise, and hope ere another decade has passed by, that the Herald xvill have its exclusive wires to Nexv York, Washington, San Francisco and the other great cities of the United States, and, perhaps Europe. j ! ! Mini ng Notes. , Yesterday morning Messrs. Chumasero,Chad xviek and Tatem left on the Vestel coach to visit the Albion mine at that place. They xvill probably make arrangements to break ground for the foundation of the nexv 20-stamp mill they propose to erect this spring. Mr. W. C. Child, with Mr. Swan, the Su perintendent of the Gloster mine and mill, also left by private conveyance, to look aftei their mining business there. Messrs. Longmaid A Sherrurd, mining ex perts, left for Butte city this morning. They have been some days visiting the camps in the vicinity of Helena. They think very highly of the Belmont district, and spent considerable time examining the mines there. Yesterday they returned from a trip to the mines around the Red Mountain. They vis ited the Little Jennie, Nellie Grant, Sallie Bell, and a number of other lodes in the vicinity, and w ere highly pleased at the size and character of the veins. They had to travel considerably on suoxv shoes, and could not visit all the mines they desired to see. The snoxv is four or rive feet deep all around the mountain. They promise to return again xvhen the snoxv is gone. They xvere accompanied by Messrs. Horst and Wulff, xvho own several fine properties in the Vau ghan district. Iodine as a Cure for Dr. H. I Dipht heria. tributes the foilowint the Chicago Gauthier, of St. Paul, Minn., con cure for diphtheria to al Review: "While at Natchez, Miss., in the early part of 1865,1 was led, through my experience with an epidemic then and there prevalent, to adopt , the treatment I noxv propose to describe, . ,, . During tins epidemic about 100 cases ol diphtheria xx ere successfully treated in the manner about ro be described. For some years subsequent to my return to Illinois I , T ' , . tua,e< aP ^ u ' eases I encountered t.fifty m number) with complete success by the same means, and I have since treated about 150 cases, all xvith the same satisfactory result. new.y invented dying machine. When except in two instances xvhere death occurred, the patient being almost moribund when coining under treatment. Previous to the adoption of the present mode of treatment my results xvere by no means as satisfactory, the disease proving fatal in at least one-third the whole number of cases. The treatment which has proved so successful in my hands is as follows: The patient is ordered tincture of iodine in ten or twelve drop doses every hour, xvell diluted with water, so long as the fever lasts, subsequently reducing it to ten drops every two, and finally every three hours : local applcations of the drug are made use of at the same time. These latter should be made by the physician himself at least twice a day. For internal use, I give, latterly, the decolorized tincture ; bread and starchy articles of diet are at the same time used'in abundance. Buch is my treatment." -The Denver News gives a long account ot completed, please give us a call and xve will heliex r e you.