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•T mmm 27 m « * » • • « • Volume xv. Helena,-Montana, Thursday, August 11, 1881. No. 37 :. 1-11 f -I» EVERY THURSDAY MORNING Terms of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: • 5 00 FROM, 3 (Ki '"i ll' i ......... ............ i 5 o i>aid. DAILY HERALD: -.ni» rs. Delivered i>y Carrier, >2 a month, ............... .......................................... 5 oo dd,T** »rill be mode prompt/,, and llltllS, Month ■> quests Ml',ST pire the the one TO which such 11 cd re attention. chanfe isd™ ■niions should ho addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. 11'or the Herald.] HOPELESS. ( . n!- are hiding moon und starlight, '-.n! and sadder grows my heart. While refjret and hitter sorrows sullenly my pulse retard— \ !. i I'm dreaming of passed blisses Chat fate cruelly from me tore. And of you, who have departed— \!i. I I! see you nevermore! i total- have hidden moon and starlight, I'. ..r- are trembling in my eye, Vi ! 1 dare not venture farther I lit. it to breathe a fond good-live! 1). K. t II in VITA MTV ON TRIAL. Ae<|iian. memento rebns in arduis Si-vare meutern." — Horace, Bk. II, Ode 3. There appears in the August number of the Socth Amt rien, i lit vine it lengthy disquisition iqion the claims which Christianity has to the respect and credence of mankind. Mr. Hubert ( !. Ingersoll as the representative of the non-believers opens the debate, and is re sponded to by a no less eminent pt rson than the lion. Jeremiah S. Black. While express ing our unqualified disapproval of discus sions of this character, as tending to demean the revealed word of God into a mere theo rem inviting doubt and denial, we cannot re jircss a profound disappointment that inas much as i he debate has been thus thrust upon the publie, the cause of Christianity id not have its beauties has b:.-t ,i done been more ably advocated, more skillfully impressed, by the distinguished Black s paper must gentleman has been lose his temper, and A perusal ot Judge mfonn any one that the unfortunate enough to while a large body of Christians are looking tu him to defend them and their revered re ligion against the calumniations of our ene mies he mortifies them by becoming angry and retiring from the l'ray with words of hot vituperation, thereby weakening their cause, mid leaving with our foes the right to affirm, "You have asseverated much, brought your prejudices to bear witness to your strength, hut have in fact disputed nothing." Certain i\ it is extremely difficult to remain calm when we hear those things cherished most dearly in mir love r u t h 1 ess 1 y 'assa i 1 cd by one who mu-t be necessarily depraved to wan tonly trench upon revered ground. It is nevertheless true that to yield to the natural instinct of resentment under such circum stances totally unfits even the ablest lor an iquitable consideration and discussion of the subject matter which thus excites his pas ion. It is unfortunate that Judge Black should have allowed himself to he drawn into the arena of discussion upon a subject which i< far too closely interwoven w ith his reverence to allow of un impassioned consid eration. \Ye must admit that if a subject '"ears discussing at all it does so only under the recognized rules of reasoning, and must hi subjected to the same test as to the why and w hcrelbrt any lay topic, lortunati follow >f Christ might very reasonably in an attempt to refute a charge by asserting, as Air. Black does, that to would he almost as scandalous as to s _ 11 irge, that "we have neither juris IRl ■ »haige was worth anythin 0, before, it has t ii"'hoi"-of its force h ' oiir re joiner it u t discussing but dogmatically asserting tin convetness of our position, and then burling this truth at the head of our irrever "Ui "jipmicnt to convince him lie is wrong. •Iiukc Black has so manifestly fallen into ill" error ol casuistry and evasion that his 'Fi'im io.Ms thc dignity of an argument. II" says ; "The more dearly one sees 'the ►''und procession of causes and effects' the Ui'ue awful his reverence becomes for the uutli'T of The sublime and unbroken law' "buh links them together. Not self-conceit •"id li bellions pride, but unspeakable hnmil ■ and a deep sense of the distance between *b" Creator and the creature fills the mind ol biin who looks with a rational spirit upon 'be w orks of the All Wise One." He assumes ""'hunt just grounds that this sense of the ' ; istness of the Creator, and the in in ol puny man lives not m the 1 1 I I ufo] W O /I A Httt 1 irPSH 111 to ffiiiugnef a '' of the infidel. AVe do not presume to kti°w whether it does or not, but surely this j "«thing to do with the matter in hand to belieue üîat 6 ]^ 10n " e h.i\c some reason tial awe amJ 8, * ^ ^ W)Un< ^ ess an< ^ reveren " unkn an * respect or t ie gi eat ness ol the; a j °'' 11 as an a iding place in the hearts th ,ni ' n< ' S h """I 10 " 8 Int n "ho know ing ot t e Christian religion and never ^ear o e sacrificial life and death of our * ear Y?' 10 ,**' ani ^ ^ ceitainly does not follow' o ^S lca .> that, as w e are permitted the more intelligently to compass the wonderful cos mogonj ol the universe, the Christian my-| j * °^°£3 r " hi be in any wise strengthened, «dthough oui îespect for the All AA ise One undoubtedly might. 11 made tîie worl(l > s a stupendous ; as he assumes all miracles impossible," says Judge Black. Me fear Mr. Ingersoll and his disciples might shamelessly question Judge Blacks definition ol a miracle, and while admitting that creation is a stupendous mys tery tar beyond the compass of human spec ulation or conjecture, it in nowise trails gressed, so far as we know, any of the natur m ' rat * e ' a,K ^ *° a <Iinit the one great miracle must l uin Mr. Ingersoll s whole case, inasmuch al laws, while the immaculate conception, the trans-substantiation, the resurrection in the flesh, and the intervention of the Holy Ghost unquestionably do. "It would he a mere waste of time and space to enumerate proofs which show that the universe was created by a preexisting and self-conscious Being, of power and wis dom to us inconceivable." Now if Judge Black has those proofs and w ithholds them, he is no honest champion of ours. It is pre cisely this evidence all thinking men of every civilized country are eagerly seeking for. That the plan of the universe could not have been designed without a designer or made without a maker will, we hope, be conceded ; but even we faithful though benighted Christians would wish to have at hand some startling and convincing proof that the plan of the universe was designed and made by a self conscious designer and maker who had pre conceived knowledge of precisely how the machine w as going to work when finished. Not, to be sure, to fortify ourselves in our be lief, for we are sufficiently confirmed in that by our abiding faith, but to cast it in the teeth of those who are profane enough to question, and so compel them to forever af ter hold their peace. The fact that Judge Black, who so well knows the value of evi dence, prefers <o withhold these proofs, incites in us the l'ear they will not bear the scrutiny of investigation ; w hich, if true, would, it seems to us, have made it advisable for the eminent gentleman to refrain from speaking of them at all. or to have frankly admitted, if such is the case, that this, to.>, is a topic far beyond the narrow conceptions of the human mind, and of which we can and do know absolutely nothing. The answer that the second table of the Decalogue, that is, the last five of the j Ten Commandments, is a perfect com pen dium of those duties which every man owes to himsdf his family and his neighbor, and is entitled to and has received the profound est respect of all honest and sensible people, is, to our mind, a most inadequate answer to the very serious charge made by Air. Inger soll, that "the moral code" which Jehovah gave to his people "is abhorrent to every good and tender man." In the first place, we have been assured by many erudite schol ars that however much we may desire to claim the credit of those beautiful precepts as being thc Iruit ol out dear religion, and would wish to ha\e them substantiated as the revealed word ol the Christians (rod, we are nevertheless compelled to admit that those same precepts wcie formulated and promulgated by and amongst the heathen nations of antiquity, and that the sole claim we may make to them is that we ha\ c into pointed them in our religious system, and garnished and beautified them liy the appro priation. then they form a very small part j indeed ol the revealed word ot God, and when Air. Ingersoll condemns those portions of thc moral code which directed as good and proper infamies among which are slav ery, polygamy, the extermination of hostile i excellent. Nor is it sound to inter that that portion of the word of God which in these and hospitality civilized times we applaud its worthy shall lie deemed the moral code, and the rest which all civilized men now heartily condemn be long simply to the "civil polity, the reli .rions forms and the jHiliee regulations, laid down , for the special and exclusive obser vanoe of the Jewish people." How may we hope to convince our infidel enemies, or those among tue vicums ex«, t.u; — - .... wlio are w avering or sw aying front onr Chris tiau fold, that the last half of the Decalogue is more essentially the command of thc Di vine Jehovah than the direction given to Me-. ses to commit wholesale larceny under the mean pretense of borrowing, and to include •unong the victims even thc guest who "so joumeth in yonr house," and so infract what j are now our most precious laws of rectitude It would be inconceivable that such a command could come from God, had we not before'us uncontrovertible proof, word of tied itself, to assure ua * . -ma j ^ et * s a mild and harmless ditec tion eo'mpäred w ith some of the sanguinary comma nils given by Jehovah to his chosen " People. It is here Mr. Black betrays alike his tem per and his inability to reason, and has laid himself and our cause open to the ridicule and sarcasm ol our common enemy. He says: "Here let me call your attention to the difficulty of reasoning about justice with a man who has no acknowledged standard of right and wrong. What is justice? That which accords with law', and the Supreme Law is the will of God. But I am dealing with an adversary who does not admit that there is a God. Then for him there is no ; standard at all ; one thing is as right as an champion of our cause, while professing to confine him self "strictly to the record," that is to say, "meeting the accusations advanced by Mr. Ingersoll in their discussion only, and not those made elsewhere by him and others," lie should still wander away and drag in a a conclusion which may or may not lie cor rect, but for which, surely, he has no author other, and all things are equally wrong." It is to be deplored that the talented champion ity. We have read very carefully Air. In- 1 gersoll's paper, and confess we have been un able to discover the least intimation there from that he does or does not believe in God. True, he is unequivocal in his denun dation of Christian mythology. True, too, he anathematizes the alleged commands of Jehovah as being in many instances sav agely cruel, but it does not appear that he believes those commands did in fact em anate from God. On the contrary, he dis tinctly avows that he believes such mon strous teaching could not emanate from the source of all good. It is Christianity he as sails, and so far as the "record" show s, w e are left in total oblivion as to whether Air. In gersoll believes in God or not. For our part, we are not sufficiently informed as to Air. Ingersoll's speculations to be sure whether he is an Atheist or Deist, Materialist or Util itarian ; but we do know that so far as he has explained himself in the paper to which Air. Black is replying, he lias given ns no reason to infer that he is not a most e 2 vont believer in a Supreme Being. Nor does it follow that because one does not believe in God, he may not he possessed ot' the most refined and exact standard of justice. By the way we cannot help ex pressing our disapproval of Air. Black's defi nition of justice: "That which accords with law," and do much prefer the time-honored exposition of the term as handed down to us from Justinian : "Justitia constans et perpetiu rohtntas est, sinon unique iribumdi ( Justice is the wish to render to every man his due.) It is obvious that until we know what the will of God really is, we cannot possibly base any standard upon it. As good Christians we are not willing to accept the assurance of the Veddas, nor the Koran, nor the Zend j Avesta as authoritive on so vital a topic, and it is fair to presume that Air. Ingersoll ivould ])e e(jua]ly reluttant to adm i t that the j BibIe ^ conv5ncing as to what is the will*'the 0mnipotent . Again even Mr. Black will admit that human laws are necessarily fin perfect, and hence cannot be absolutely just ; for it is certainly true that the aim ofjurists and a } de t0 eon f orm the law thereto, the millennium will have come. Upo asS uniptions, first that his antakoni? does not i JC ]j eve in God, second, that liter* f ove ] ie ] ias ,' K) standard of justice, and leeiu is to mould the law so that it may more near ly approach to absolute justice ; it is apparent then that although it is to be w ishe^l that justice and the law are synonomous, they are in fact not so, nor will they be till men have become so advanced towards perfection that they know precisely what justice really is, Then the millennium will have come. Upon these on ist here justice, and teems i- 01ie a g right as another and all things e q aa ]]y xyrong," our feeble oluimpion proceeds ^ impeach, in a most unparliamentary style, t ^ e cour f eous ]y advanced argu mentsjof his adversary. j Judge Black stands firmly upon the ground that what ought to he deemed cruel, notjto say criminal, in our enlightened era, such $s uni versai massacre and extermination,slavery aud polygamy, and murder as a punishment of i t j lc cv i me of worshiping a foreign god, plight preservation of God's chosen people and to save them from annihilation ; and that Je hovah was justified in commanding these things to be done w hich would serve to avert so di re a calamity. Good Christians as we are W e cannot believe that the All-powerful Munificent Being could possibly resort to criminal or even brutal means to attain an end which must surely have been attainable by Him by any other course he might in his uu»«......,» w ........ ............. - ...... strength have seen fit to pursue. That God | 3y pis ow n acts and example should sanction the revolting dictum which has since, in many centuries, excused the sanguinary atrocities of fanatics, that ere« the foulest , ncans to a i/ood end are justifiable, is preposter 0 us and insulting to the very -ssenee of God. j 0 ur champion is equally aiifortiuiate in advancing the strength of onr side of the controversy, as in repelling the charges made against ns. "Men who were in the noon of life when Jesus was put to death as a male f Mt or, lived to see him worshipped os Cod . mm m • a» t. . 1 Î _______ 1 ^ —__ by organized bodies of believers in every province of thc Roman Empire," says Judge Black. We sincerely wish this may be true, but are free to admit that Judge Black's facilities for acquiring knowledge on this point have been vastly superior to those of many learned men, both in and out of the church. It is a pity that the erudite debater has not intimated a citation in support of this claim ; a citation taken elsewhere than from "Divine revelation, for that would be beggihg the question," as the gentleman him self avows. Many devout scholars are still laboring under what now seems to be the erroneous conviction, that it required three centuries to build the apotheosis of Jesus Christ; that for nearly one hundred years after His death He was revered as a great moral teacher ; for the next decade He was sainted; and that it was not until near the beginning of the reign of Diocletian that Jesus of Nazareth was deified. Nor did the Christian religion, as Judge Black affirms it did, at an early day after the death of Christ, supplant all other religions ; and, indeed, it is vaunting something beyond the truth to assert that it has ever done so. At this day, a n 1 although the Christian professing people form a larger percentage of the earth's popu lation than at any previous time in his tory, they still form relatively a very small and isolated faction ; an insignificant handful 1 compared to the adherents of Buddha. C'hris tianity developed with a slowness that was the best assurance of its intrinsic w orth and strength, and it is still grow ing, and its fruits tliev are daily refining and improving, as ever have been. "If Christianity was a human fabrication, its authors must either have been good or had men. It is a moral impossibility—a mere contradiction of terms—to say that good, honest and true meu practiced a gross and wilful deception upon the world. It is equally incredible that any combination of knaves, however base, would fraudulently concoct a religious system to denounce them selves, and invoke the curse of God upon their own conduct." Thus argues Judge Black. Could anything be nfore illogical, or more calculated to mislead the careless who might he conscientiously striving after enlighten meut, or to induce men to withdraw ad hesion from a religion which can he support ed only by such manifest irrationality as this? The promulgators of any religious system or indeed of any other scheme of metaphysics, might lie the most conscientious of men, and yet be as absolutely w rong as honest. AVe are not aware that Mr. Inger soll or any other infidel ever inferred or thought that those pious pioneers who first promulgated the teachings of the Gospel were otherwise than sincere in their con victions: or that it was not until long after Christianity was an established fact that its beautiful teachings were perverted by priestcraft to a corrupt and oppressive end. But the latter part of the citation from the learned gentlemen's paper must impress the dullest w ith the w eakness of the refutation. He deems it impossible that Christianity should have been promulgated by bad men because they would thereby be creating an engine to damn themselves. Does he mean that by foisting upon the credulous public the tenents of the Christian faith which provide for the destruction of all had men, they themselves would fear destruction in accordance with those provisions? Does Judge Black suppose that these had men would tremble at the ghost they had them selves created ? Impossible; we cannot be fieve that he fully understands what he has w ritten. Air. Black affirms as a contradiction to Air. Ingersoll's statement, that Christianity does not offer salvation for belief alone. Evident ly he belongs to a different sect of Christians than some of us, and is arguing this broad question selfishly, and not for the body ot the Christian world. AVe have not Fleet w ood's Life of Christ by us at this moment, but we are w ell assured that maguificicnt book which has matured and moulded the thoughts and souls of a large multitude of Christians, distinctly affirms that it is belief alone that ensures our salvation. Accept Christ, simply acknowledge him and you are saved, is not tion of his opponent : that the mere failure to believe is punished in hell. Although in these times it is allowed that children too young to understand need not believe, such are incapable of weighing the evidence, are w as not the position held by the early church when it was deemed necessary to administer babtism to the infant in ventre m nitre. The gentleman is liberal however in his admission that adults who from weakness of intellect x----------------------- » .11 .i-_i------X— il -----:..r. il -----:.l. excepted from the dread penalty. It this were true would there then not be very lew men and women who would have occasion to fear; for the evidence is not of a charac ter that appeals at once to the dull under standing. See how much the learned dis putant himself demands of ns, ere he will allow timt we may jnstly weigh tlie evidence. He says : "The plan of salvation or any plan lor the rescue ot sinners Irom the legal operation of Divine justice, could have been Homed only in the councils of the Omniscient, Necessarily its heights and depths are not »aanilvT 1 .t ♦ V» /\ »»-» rl 1... 1 »T 1 tyfin/iO Qll tvt easily fathomed by finite intelligence." Sure ly then he must be ready to allow that of those who reject the Gospel only the very few who are endowed with exceptional powers of penetration and perspicacity, are liable to the awful visitation of everlasting perdition. This is placing a tax on menticnltnre that should close every seminary of learning in Christendom. How could the sufferings of Christ who was himself innocent, satisfy the demands of justice against the guilty, and wherefore? : asks Mr. Ingersoll. As good Christians we all know how and why nevertheless w r e are eager to hear a logical and invincible reason from our champion, that we ourselves, being less astute, may belabor with it the first in fidel we meet who echoes that threadbare question. Alas ! we are again disappointed ; our advocate fails us just where we the most need his aid. Here is what he says and all he says in answer : "This raises a metapliy sical question, which it is not necessary for me to discuss here. Asa matter of fact, Christ died that sinners might be reconciled to God, and in that sense he died for them ; that is, to furnish them with the means of averting divine justice which their crimes had provoked." Knowing as we do that Judge Black is not ill-informed as to history, we can recoeile his manifest mistatements only by assuming that his "defence" of Christianity was in tended by him to appeal to the understand ing and prejudice of only the grossly ignor an * mass, and that he sought tolimpose upon that ignorance. We are confident he would not contemn the knowledge Iff a friend or equal by assuring him that the|persecutions of the unbelievers have at all times been the result of political movements purely. Air. Ingersoll charges that "Christians have been , . , . .... guilty ot wanton and wicked persecution, If it is pertinent at all in this discussion to reply to this charge (and we cannot see that it can iii any way effect the subject matter) surely we are entitled to a better answer than our champion has selected. Here is w hat he says : "All the w rongs of Jhis na ture which history records have been the work of politicians, aided often by priests and ministers who were willing to deny their Alary ol England, or James !.. or the present Czar, was not thoroughly conscientious in his extermination and death against the enemies of Israel and Judea, namely, expediency, Lord, and desert to the enemy for their tem poral interest." "Would it not have been better to attribute the atrocities of the middle ages, and indeed of modern times, to ignorance? AY ill any informed man venture to assert that Philip II. or Alargaret of Parma, or or her devotion to Christ while committing the enormities w hich have blackened their memories for all time? Alight not Judge Black have urged with more force and truth, as he had urged but a little w hile before, to relieve Jehovah of the charge of directing that the very life of a nation is imperilled by the retention of the infidel within its realm. An insufficient reason, to he sure, for wholesale butchery of those whose only crime consisted in not possessing sufficiently exalted analytical powers of intellect to en able, them to justly interpret "the plan for the rescue of sinners from the legal opera tence as it is now trained is a reckless evasion ol the rules ot evidence and logic. A mir at '* e a phenomenon directly in conflict with our experience ; hence, he who asserts tion of divine justice," yet preferable certain ly to a gross perversion of history w hereby we may scarcely hope to impose on an ordi nary school girl. AVe always tremble when our dear faith is attacked through the miracles. Air. Inger soll so assails us, and Air. Black sees lit to answer him, but how? After what we have already listened to we cannot hope that he has done so logically, and we are not de ceived. "Accounts of miracles are always false." says Air. Ingersoll, to which AH. Black replies : "They (miracles) become deniable only when it is shown that tlie great miracle of making the world was never performed." Let us pause for a moment. As a jurist Judge Black must be conscious that his sen it accepts the onus probandi and must affirm _ _ atively show its existence before he lie al to read: "They , miracles) become bel iev able only when the creation of the world is shown to be a miracle," it would conform to the requirements of discussion, and afford intellectual liberty, refinement, benevolence, something for consideration, while at present it precludes debate, by affirming tlie very thing that is denied, to-w it, miracles, AVe are pleased that Mr. Black assures the enemies of our church that virtue, justice, ' ,------> * rn —:_ii. x—.u:------1 ....— ----i_ and true wisdom are the fruits solely of our ] religion; for there are those even in the small and devout community in which we live who are presumptuous enough to affirm that we might still possess all of those bless ings by the pure aid of intellectual advance ment, independent of the valued aid of Christ's teaching; and even to a higher tie grec had nut Christianity seen tit to repress tor many centuries all intellectual grow th, and to crush every attempt at enquiry which might lead mankind out of the dark and blood-stained depths of superstition and fan f»4 1 /flfl ♦ Vl A 1 I rrV» f a! f YM 1 t Vl ort/l nl aticism,intothebroadlightoftruthandal truistic love. Thus is the Christian faith defended. We are shocked and mortified that so able and deservedly eminent a gentleman as Judge Black should have been betrayed by temper into so brusque and illogical a dia tribe, in which such expressions as "ribaldry,'' "drivel,""liar,""presumptionsegotism," "pol itician's scurrility," "arraignment so foul, rash and shameless," and "profane malcdic tion" abound on every page, and personal vi tuperation is pressed to serve the place of reason. By all means let us repudiate our would-be defender as unfitted for the high and sacred trust he has usurped. Let us de termine first whether the religion so dear to ; w ho may be wavering towards non-belief, may be reassured ami convinced and armed to meet and defeat our enemies with their own weapons. If not, then let us shun the contest, as we have the right to do, and de linntly affirm that God's ways are not man's the hearts of all of us can bear the calm, de liberate, impersonal and scrutinizing test of a logical combat. If it will, certainly let us have it, that we, or at least those of us ways, and that our faith will not permit us to doubt tlie divine emanation of Christ's teaching; and that as no useful inquiry can be had without questioning, and we are for bidden to question the word of God, a dis cussion thereupon is impossible. Thus we may entrench ourselves forever from possible conflict, and the perverse and wretched inti del w j]j i M . ] ( q*t t<> 1» ] s fate, to reap the w hirl wind bis arrogance hath sown. Aline Jumper-. ((•lobe ('hronicle. j Among the evils which afflict every min ing camp, there is none which is more baneful, begets more animosities, frequently leading to violence and bloodshed, than any other. It is the practices of the "mine jumper." He is generally a man who never prospects for himself, rarely works aniline when begets possession of it, but is constantly oil the lookout to take advantage of the enterprise, sagacity and labor of others. He is of the nature of some classes of birds; too lazy to build their own nests, hut always searching for nests already built. In most eases his operations are for pnr poses of black-mail solely, but he has no compunctions of conscience in robbing a pros pector and miner of his property, when by reason of poverty, sickness, or other misfor tunes the assessment work appears not to have been amply performed. Even where thousands of dollars have already been ex pended upon a mine he will lie in wait in feline watchfulness, he on the ground at the ] as ^ midnight moment, to take advantage of any laches, errors or seeming lack of require ment with the law, and pounce upon his prey, as does the jackal, w hich he is, upon a carcass without life enough to resist. It is well enough to make it known that the policy of the Government, as manifested through its Courts, does not favor these wreckers of mines. One of the ablest of the United States District Judges of Colorado, in pronouncing a recent decision upon a jumped claim, used the follow ing language, substan tialiy : "The law supposes and takes it for granted that where a man puts $100 worth of work on a claim or location that the mineral was there to justify the expenditure, or else a man would not he foolish enough to put his time or money to such use ; and no man has a right to go on the claim of another and break the surface ground of a prospect. In other words, the law accepts the acts of a miner and prospector in good faith, and his mie and keep his fellow man should do the hands off." Yorktown. j Harper's Magazine for August.] Tiie scene of the surrender has long been a much-neglected spot. Yorktown is not reached by railway, and is off the line of progress. Some day it may revive its old time prosperity ; at least it ought to become more accessible as a point of future pilgrim age. Before the Revolution the town was quite an emporium, the only port from which the A'irginia planters shipped their tobacco to England. Baltimore and Norfolk gradu ally reduced it by competition. Some two centuries or more ago we lirst hear of it as one of the few outposts or forts in tlie colony. In 17'2ö it was the center of a thriving coun ty-an Episcopal parish of sixty communi cants, with a church. Williamsburg, the capital, with its House of Burgesses and growing college, attracting thither the w is dom and fashion of the Dominion, was scarce a dozen miles away. Until Cornwallis sta tioned himself there, Yorktown had escaped the ravages of war on the Virginia coast, and _ ...... , on ses "not i no rtf tha unw "or fimv hardlv be sa ; (1 , left it iu a depressed condi tion, almost beyond recovery, and to-day it contains not more than three hundred inhab itants, among whom are to be found but lew descendants of the ancient proprietors. In fact, it seems to be the lot of Yorktown that the more it becomes a historical spot, the less it becomes anything else. When We Were Young. [Harper's Magazine.] Then the summer mornings were full of singing birds, always waiting outside on windows to help us begin the day with hap piness. Then flowers were born, as if to ac company the birds in their benevolent mis sion. Then all our dreams were pleasant imaginings, "Arabian Knights' entertain ments," frolics, visions of undoubted joy. Then June was the longest and loviiest mantli in fho ralmiil-ir 1 lien WC Were never ^ ^ lod ^ nt ,i a u onr neightar s i )ra [ n Then personal rheumatism was un known to ns. Then insomnia had not been vtalstf,1een'° Thm, J£lfc demy mil« a day 'without am • rm -mm * « _ ** fatigue. Then all was gold that glittered. Ill en we were young.