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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, August 11, 1881, Image 1

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Volume xv.
Helena,-Montana, Thursday, August 11, 1881.
No. 37
:. 1-11 f -I» EVERY THURSDAY MORNING
Terms of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD:
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FROM,
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i>aid.
DAILY HERALD:
-.ni» rs. Delivered i>y Carrier, >2 a month,
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Month
■> quests Ml',ST pire the
the one TO which such
11 cd re attention.
chanfe isd™
■niions should ho addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
11'or the Herald.]
HOPELESS.
( . n!- are hiding moon und starlight,
'-.n! and sadder grows my heart.
While refjret and hitter sorrows
sullenly my pulse retard—
\ !. i I'm dreaming of passed blisses
Chat fate cruelly from me tore.
And of you, who have departed—
\!i. I I! see you nevermore!
i total- have hidden moon and starlight,
I'. ..r- are trembling in my eye,
Vi ! 1 dare not venture farther
I lit. it to breathe a fond good-live!
1). K.
t II in VITA MTV ON TRIAL.
Ae<|iian. memento rebns in arduis
Si-vare meutern." — Horace, Bk. II, Ode 3.
There appears in the August number of the
Socth Amt rien, i lit vine it lengthy disquisition
iqion the claims which Christianity has to
the respect and credence of mankind. Mr.
Hubert ( !. Ingersoll as the representative of the
non-believers opens the debate, and is re
sponded to by a no less eminent pt rson than
the lion. Jeremiah S. Black. While express
ing our unqualified disapproval of discus
sions of this character, as tending to demean
the revealed word of God into a mere theo
rem inviting doubt and denial, we cannot re
jircss a profound disappointment that inas
much as i he debate has been thus thrust
upon the publie, the cause of Christianity
id not have
its beauties
has b:.-t ,i done
been more ably advocated,
more skillfully impressed,
by the distinguished
Black s paper must
gentleman has been
lose his temper, and
A perusal ot Judge
mfonn any one that the
unfortunate enough to
while a large body of Christians are looking
tu him to defend them and their revered re
ligion against the calumniations of our ene
mies he mortifies them by becoming angry
and retiring from the l'ray with words of hot
vituperation, thereby weakening their cause,
mid leaving with our foes the right to affirm,
"You have asseverated much, brought your
prejudices to bear witness to your strength,
hut have in fact disputed nothing." Certain
i\ it is extremely difficult to remain calm
when we hear those things cherished most
dearly in mir love r u t h 1 ess 1 y 'assa i 1 cd by one
who mu-t be necessarily depraved to wan
tonly trench upon revered ground. It is
nevertheless true that to yield to the natural
instinct of resentment under such circum
stances totally unfits even the ablest lor an
iquitable consideration and discussion of the
subject matter which thus excites his pas
ion. It is unfortunate that Judge Black
should have allowed himself to he drawn
into the arena of discussion upon a subject
which i< far too closely interwoven w ith his
reverence to allow of un impassioned consid
eration. \Ye must admit that if a subject
'"ears discussing at all it does so only under
the recognized rules of reasoning, and must
hi subjected to the same test as to the why
and w hcrelbrt
any lay topic,
lortunati
follow
>f Christ might very reasonably in
an attempt to refute a charge by
asserting, as Air. Black does, that to
would he almost as scandalous as to
s _
11
irge, that "we have neither juris
IRl
■ »haige was worth anythin 0, before, it has
t ii"'hoi"-of its force h ' oiir re joiner it
u t discussing but dogmatically asserting
tin convetness of our position, and then
burling this truth at the head of our irrever
"Ui "jipmicnt to convince him lie is wrong.
•Iiukc Black has so manifestly fallen into
ill" error ol casuistry and evasion that his
'Fi'im io.Ms thc dignity of an argument.
II" says ; "The more dearly one sees 'the
►''und procession of causes and effects' the
Ui'ue awful his reverence becomes for the
uutli'T of The sublime and unbroken law'
"buh links them together. Not self-conceit
•"id li bellions pride, but unspeakable hnmil
■ and a deep sense of the distance between
*b" Creator and the creature fills the mind ol
biin who looks with a rational spirit upon
'be w orks of the All Wise One." He assumes
""'hunt just grounds that this sense of the
' ; istness of the Creator, and the
in
in
ol puny man lives not m the
1 1 I I ufo] W O /I A Httt 1 irPSH 111 to
ffiiiugnef
a '' of the infidel. AVe do not presume to
kti°w whether it does or not, but surely this j
"«thing to do with the matter in hand
to belieue üîat 6 ]^ 10n " e h.i\c some reason
tial awe amJ 8, * ^ ^ W)Un< ^ ess an< ^ reveren "
unkn an * respect or t ie gi eat ness ol the;
a j °'' 11 as an a iding place in the hearts
th ,ni ' n< ' S h """I 10 " 8 Int n "ho know
ing ot t e Christian religion and never
^ear o e sacrificial life and death of our
* ear Y?' 10 ,**' ani ^ ^ ceitainly does not follow'
o ^S lca .> that, as w e are permitted the more
intelligently to compass the wonderful cos
mogonj ol the universe, the Christian my-|
j * °^°£3 r " hi be in any wise strengthened,
«dthough oui îespect for the All AA ise One
undoubtedly might.
11 made tîie worl(l > s a stupendous ;
as he assumes all miracles impossible," says
Judge Black. Me fear Mr. Ingersoll and his
disciples might shamelessly question Judge
Blacks definition ol a miracle, and while
admitting that creation is a stupendous mys
tery tar beyond the compass of human spec
ulation or conjecture, it in nowise trails
gressed, so far as we know, any of the natur
m ' rat * e ' a,K ^ *° a <Iinit the one great miracle
must l uin Mr. Ingersoll s whole case, inasmuch
al laws, while the immaculate conception,
the trans-substantiation, the resurrection in
the flesh, and the intervention of the Holy
Ghost unquestionably do.
"It would he a mere waste of time and
space to enumerate proofs which show that
the universe was created by a preexisting
and self-conscious Being, of power and wis
dom to us inconceivable." Now if Judge
Black has those proofs and w ithholds them,
he is no honest champion of ours. It is pre
cisely this evidence all thinking men of every
civilized country are eagerly seeking for. That
the plan of the universe could not have been
designed without a designer or made without
a maker will, we hope, be conceded ; but even
we faithful though benighted Christians
would wish to have at hand some startling
and convincing proof that the plan of the
universe was designed and made by a self
conscious designer and maker who had pre
conceived knowledge of precisely how the
machine w as going to work when finished.
Not, to be sure, to fortify ourselves in our be
lief, for we are sufficiently confirmed in that
by our abiding faith, but to cast it in the
teeth of those who are profane enough to
question, and so compel them to forever af
ter hold their peace. The fact that Judge
Black, who so well knows the value of evi
dence, prefers <o withhold these proofs, incites
in us the l'ear they will not bear the scrutiny
of investigation ; w hich, if true, would, it
seems to us, have made it advisable for the
eminent gentleman to refrain from speaking
of them at all. or to have frankly admitted,
if such is the case, that this, to.>, is a topic
far beyond the narrow conceptions of the
human mind, and of which we can and do
know absolutely nothing.
The answer that the second table of the
Decalogue, that is, the last five of the j
Ten Commandments, is a perfect com pen
dium of those duties which every man owes
to himsdf his family and his neighbor, and
is entitled to and has received the profound
est respect of all honest and sensible people,
is, to our mind, a most inadequate answer to
the very serious charge made by Air. Inger
soll, that "the moral code" which Jehovah
gave to his people "is abhorrent to every
good and tender man." In the first place,
we have been assured by many erudite schol
ars that however much we may desire to
claim the credit of those beautiful precepts
as being thc Iruit ol out dear religion, and
would wish to ha\e them substantiated as
the revealed word ol the Christians (rod,
we are nevertheless compelled to admit that
those same precepts wcie formulated and
promulgated by and amongst the heathen
nations of antiquity, and that the sole claim
we may make to them is that we ha\ c into
pointed them in our religious system, and
garnished and beautified them liy the appro
priation. then they form a very small part j
indeed ol the revealed word ot God, and
when Air. Ingersoll condemns those portions
of thc moral code which directed as good
and proper infamies among which are slav
ery, polygamy, the extermination of hostile i
excellent. Nor is it sound to inter that that
portion of the word of God which in these
and hospitality
civilized times we applaud its worthy shall
lie deemed the moral code, and the rest which
all civilized men now heartily condemn be
long simply to the "civil polity, the reli
.rions forms and the jHiliee regulations, laid
down , for the special and exclusive obser
vanoe of the Jewish people." How may we
hope to convince our infidel enemies, or those
among tue vicums ex«, t.u; — -
....
wlio are w avering or sw aying front onr Chris
tiau fold, that the last half of the Decalogue
is more essentially the command of thc Di
vine Jehovah than the direction given to Me-.
ses to commit wholesale larceny under the
mean pretense of borrowing, and to include
•unong the victims even thc guest who "so
joumeth in yonr house," and so infract what j
are now our most precious laws of rectitude
It would be inconceivable
that such a command could come from God,
had we not before'us uncontrovertible proof,
word of tied itself, to assure ua
* . -ma
j ^ et * s
a mild and harmless ditec
tion eo'mpäred w ith some of the sanguinary
comma nils given by Jehovah to his chosen
" People.
It is here Mr. Black betrays alike his tem
per and his inability to reason, and has laid
himself and our cause open to the ridicule
and sarcasm ol our common enemy. He
says: "Here let me call your attention to
the difficulty of reasoning about justice with
a man who has no acknowledged standard of
right and wrong. What is justice? That
which accords with law', and the Supreme
Law is the will of God. But I am dealing
with an adversary who does not admit that
there is a God. Then for him there is no
; standard at all ; one thing is as right as an
champion
of our cause, while professing to confine him
self "strictly to the record," that is to say,
"meeting the accusations advanced by Mr.
Ingersoll in their discussion only, and not
those made elsewhere by him and others,"
lie should still wander away and drag in a
a conclusion which may or may not lie cor
rect, but for which, surely, he has no author
other, and all things are equally wrong." It
is to be deplored that the talented champion
ity. We have read very carefully Air. In- 1
gersoll's paper, and confess we have been un
able to discover the least intimation there
from that he does or does not believe in
God. True, he is unequivocal in his denun
dation of Christian mythology. True, too,
he anathematizes the alleged commands of
Jehovah as being in many instances sav
agely cruel, but it does not appear that
he believes those commands did in fact em
anate from God. On the contrary, he dis
tinctly avows that he believes such mon
strous teaching could not emanate from the
source of all good. It is Christianity he as
sails, and so far as the "record" show s, w e are
left in total oblivion as to whether Air. In
gersoll believes in God or not. For our part,
we are not sufficiently informed as to Air.
Ingersoll's speculations to be sure whether
he is an Atheist or Deist, Materialist or Util
itarian ; but we do know that so far as he
has explained himself in the paper to which
Air. Black is replying, he lias given ns no
reason to infer that he is not a most e 2 vont
believer in a Supreme Being.
Nor does it follow that because one does
not believe in God, he may not he possessed
ot' the most refined and exact standard of
justice. By the way we cannot help ex
pressing our disapproval of Air. Black's defi
nition of justice: "That which accords with
law," and do much prefer the time-honored
exposition of the term as handed down to us
from Justinian : "Justitia constans et perpetiu
rohtntas est, sinon unique iribumdi ( Justice
is the wish to render to every man his due.)
It is obvious that until we know what the
will of God really is, we cannot possibly base
any standard upon it. As good Christians
we are not willing to accept the assurance of
the Veddas, nor the Koran, nor the Zend
j
Avesta as authoritive on so vital a topic, and
it is fair to presume that Air. Ingersoll ivould
])e e(jua]ly reluttant to adm i t that the j BibIe
^ conv5ncing as to what is the will*'the
0mnipotent . Again even Mr. Black will
admit that human laws are necessarily fin
perfect, and hence cannot be absolutely just ;
for it is certainly true that the aim ofjurists
and a } de t0 eon f orm the law thereto,
the millennium will have come. Upo
asS uniptions, first that his antakoni?
does not i JC ]j eve in God, second, that liter*
f ove ] ie ] ias ,' K) standard of justice, and leeiu
is to mould the law so that it may more near
ly approach to absolute justice ; it is apparent
then that although it is to be w ishe^l that
justice and the law are synonomous, they are
in fact not so, nor will they be till men have
become so advanced towards perfection that
they know precisely what justice really is,
Then
the millennium will have come. Upon these
on ist
here
justice, and teems
i- 01ie a g right as another and all things
e q aa ]]y xyrong," our feeble oluimpion proceeds
^ impeach, in a most unparliamentary style,
t ^ e cour f eous ]y advanced argu mentsjof his
adversary.
j Judge Black stands firmly upon the ground
that what ought to he deemed cruel, notjto say
criminal, in our enlightened era, such $s uni
versai massacre and extermination,slavery aud
polygamy, and murder as a punishment of
i t j lc cv i me of worshiping a foreign god, plight
preservation of God's chosen people and to
save them from annihilation ; and that Je
hovah was justified in commanding these
things to be done w hich would serve to avert
so di re a calamity. Good Christians as we
are W e cannot believe that the All-powerful
Munificent Being could possibly resort to
criminal or even brutal means to attain an
end which must surely have been attainable
by Him by any other course he might in his
uu»«......,» w ........ .............
- ......
strength have seen fit to pursue. That God
| 3y pis ow n acts and example should sanction
the revolting dictum which has since, in
many centuries, excused the sanguinary
atrocities of fanatics, that ere« the foulest
, ncans to a i/ood end are justifiable, is preposter
0 us and insulting to the very -ssenee of God.
j 0 ur champion is equally aiifortiuiate in
advancing the strength of onr side of the
controversy, as in repelling the charges made
against ns. "Men who were in the noon of
life when Jesus was put to death as a male
f Mt or, lived to see him worshipped os Cod
. mm m • a» t. . 1 Î _______ 1 ^ —__
by organized bodies of believers in every
province of thc Roman Empire," says Judge
Black. We sincerely wish this may be true,
but are free to admit that Judge Black's
facilities for acquiring knowledge on this
point have been vastly superior to those of
many learned men, both in and out of the
church. It is a pity that the erudite debater
has not intimated a citation in support of
this claim ; a citation taken elsewhere than
from "Divine revelation, for that would be
beggihg the question," as the gentleman him
self avows. Many devout scholars are still
laboring under what now seems to be the
erroneous conviction, that it required three
centuries to build the apotheosis of Jesus
Christ; that for nearly one hundred years
after His death He was revered as a great
moral teacher ; for the next decade He was
sainted; and that it was not until near the
beginning of the reign of Diocletian that
Jesus of Nazareth was deified. Nor did the
Christian religion, as Judge Black affirms it
did, at an early day after the death of Christ,
supplant all other religions ; and, indeed, it
is vaunting something beyond the truth to
assert that it has ever done so. At this day,
a
n
1 although the Christian professing people
form a larger percentage of the earth's popu
lation than at any previous time in his
tory, they still form relatively a very small
and isolated faction ; an insignificant handful 1
compared to the adherents of Buddha. C'hris
tianity developed with a slowness that was
the best assurance of its intrinsic w orth and
strength, and it is still grow ing, and its fruits
tliev
are daily refining and improving, as
ever have been.
"If Christianity was a human fabrication,
its authors must either have been good or
had men. It is a moral impossibility—a
mere contradiction of terms—to say that
good, honest and true meu practiced a gross
and wilful deception upon the world. It is
equally incredible that any combination of
knaves, however base, would fraudulently
concoct a religious system to denounce them
selves, and invoke the curse of God upon their
own conduct." Thus argues Judge Black.
Could anything be nfore illogical, or more
calculated to mislead the careless who might
he conscientiously striving after enlighten
meut, or to induce men to withdraw ad
hesion from a religion which can he support
ed only by such manifest irrationality as
this? The promulgators of any religious
system or indeed of any other scheme of
metaphysics, might lie the most conscientious
of men, and yet be as absolutely w rong as
honest. AVe are not aware that Mr. Inger
soll or any other infidel ever inferred or
thought that those pious pioneers who first
promulgated the teachings of the Gospel
were otherwise than sincere in their con
victions: or that it was not until long after
Christianity was an established fact that
its beautiful teachings were perverted by
priestcraft to a corrupt and oppressive end.
But the latter part of the citation from the
learned gentlemen's paper must impress the
dullest w ith the w eakness of the refutation.
He deems it impossible that Christianity
should have been promulgated by bad men
because they would thereby be creating an
engine to damn themselves. Does he mean
that by foisting upon the credulous public
the tenents of the Christian faith which
provide for the destruction of all had men,
they themselves would fear destruction in
accordance with those provisions? Does
Judge Black suppose that these had men
would tremble at the ghost they had them
selves created ? Impossible; we cannot be
fieve that he fully understands what he has
w ritten.
Air. Black affirms as a contradiction to Air.
Ingersoll's statement, that Christianity does
not offer salvation for belief alone. Evident
ly he belongs to a different sect of Christians
than some of us, and is arguing this broad
question selfishly, and not for the body ot
the Christian world. AVe have not Fleet
w ood's Life of Christ by us at this moment,
but we are w ell assured that maguificicnt book
which has matured and moulded the thoughts
and souls of a large multitude of Christians,
distinctly affirms that it is belief alone that
ensures our salvation. Accept Christ, simply
acknowledge him and you are saved, is not
tion of his opponent : that the mere failure
to believe is punished in hell. Although in
these times it is allowed that children too
young to understand need not believe, such
are incapable of weighing the evidence, are
w as not the position held by the early church
when it was deemed necessary to administer
babtism to the infant in ventre m nitre. The
gentleman is liberal however in his admission
that adults who from weakness of intellect
x----------------------- »
.11 .i-_i------X— il -----:..r. il -----:.l.
excepted from the dread penalty. It this
were true would there then not be very lew
men and women who would have occasion
to fear; for the evidence is not of a charac
ter that appeals at once to the dull under
standing. See how much the learned dis
putant himself demands of ns, ere he will
allow timt we may jnstly weigh tlie evidence.
He says : "The plan of salvation or any
plan lor the rescue ot sinners Irom the legal
operation of Divine justice, could have been
Homed only in the councils of the Omniscient,
Necessarily its heights and depths are not
»aanilvT 1 .t ♦ V» /\ »»-» rl 1... 1 »T 1 tyfin/iO Qll tvt
easily fathomed by finite intelligence." Sure
ly then he must be ready to allow that of
those who reject the Gospel only the very
few who are endowed with exceptional powers
of penetration and perspicacity, are liable to
the awful visitation of everlasting perdition.
This is placing a tax on menticnltnre that
should close every seminary of learning in
Christendom.
How could the sufferings of Christ who
was himself innocent, satisfy the demands of
justice against the guilty, and wherefore?
: asks Mr. Ingersoll. As good Christians we
all know how and why nevertheless w r e are
eager to hear a logical and invincible reason
from our champion, that we ourselves, being
less astute, may belabor with it the first in
fidel we meet who echoes that threadbare
question. Alas ! we are again disappointed ;
our advocate fails us just where we the most
need his aid. Here is what he says and all
he says in answer : "This raises a metapliy
sical question, which it is not necessary for
me to discuss here. Asa matter of fact,
Christ died that sinners might be reconciled
to God, and in that sense he died for them ;
that is, to furnish them with the means of
averting divine justice which their crimes
had provoked."
Knowing as we do that Judge Black is not
ill-informed as to history, we can recoeile his
manifest mistatements only by assuming
that his "defence" of Christianity was in
tended by him to appeal to the understand
ing and prejudice of only the grossly ignor
an * mass, and that he sought tolimpose upon
that ignorance. We are confident he would
not contemn the knowledge Iff a friend or
equal by assuring him that the|persecutions
of the unbelievers have at all times been the
result of political movements purely. Air.
Ingersoll charges that "Christians have been
, . , . ....
guilty ot wanton and wicked persecution,
If it is pertinent at all in this discussion to
reply to this charge (and we cannot see that
it can iii any way effect the subject matter)
surely we are entitled to a better answer
than our champion has selected. Here is
w hat he says : "All the w rongs of Jhis na
ture which history records have been the
work of politicians, aided often by priests
and ministers who were willing to deny their
Alary ol England, or James !.. or the present
Czar, was not thoroughly conscientious in his
extermination and death against the enemies
of Israel and Judea, namely, expediency,
Lord, and desert to the enemy for their tem
poral interest." "Would it not have been better
to attribute the atrocities of the middle ages,
and indeed of modern times, to ignorance?
AY ill any informed man venture to assert
that Philip II. or Alargaret of Parma, or
or her devotion to Christ while committing
the enormities w hich have blackened their
memories for all time? Alight not Judge
Black have urged with more force and truth,
as he had urged but a little w hile before, to
relieve Jehovah of the charge of directing
that the very life of a nation is imperilled
by the retention of the infidel within its
realm. An insufficient reason, to he sure, for
wholesale butchery of those whose only
crime consisted in not possessing sufficiently
exalted analytical powers of intellect to en
able, them to justly interpret "the plan for
the rescue of sinners from the legal opera
tence as it is now trained is a reckless evasion
ol the rules ot evidence and logic. A mir
at '* e a phenomenon directly in conflict
with our experience ; hence, he who asserts
tion of divine justice," yet preferable certain
ly to a gross perversion of history w hereby
we may scarcely hope to impose on an ordi
nary school girl.
AVe always tremble when our dear faith is
attacked through the miracles. Air. Inger
soll so assails us, and Air. Black sees lit to
answer him, but how? After what we have
already listened to we cannot hope that he
has done so logically, and we are not de
ceived. "Accounts of miracles are always
false." says Air. Ingersoll, to which AH. Black
replies : "They (miracles) become deniable
only when it is shown that tlie great miracle
of making the world was never performed."
Let us pause for a moment. As a jurist
Judge Black must be conscious that his sen
it accepts the onus probandi and must affirm
_ _
atively show its existence before he lie al
to read: "They , miracles) become bel iev
able only when the creation of the world is
shown to be a miracle," it would conform to
the requirements of discussion, and afford
intellectual liberty, refinement, benevolence,
something for consideration, while at present
it precludes debate, by affirming tlie very
thing that is denied, to-w it, miracles,
AVe are pleased that Mr. Black assures the
enemies of our church that virtue, justice,
'
,------> *
rn —:_ii. x—.u:------1 ....— ----i_
and true wisdom are the fruits solely of our ]
religion; for there are those even in the
small and devout community in which we
live who are presumptuous enough to affirm
that we might still possess all of those bless
ings by the pure aid of intellectual advance
ment, independent of the valued aid of
Christ's teaching; and even to a higher tie
grec had nut Christianity seen tit to repress
tor many centuries all intellectual grow th,
and to crush every attempt at enquiry which
might lead mankind out of the dark and
blood-stained depths of superstition and fan
f»4 1 /flfl ♦ Vl A 1 I rrV» f a! f YM 1 t Vl ort/l nl
aticism,intothebroadlightoftruthandal
truistic love.
Thus is the Christian faith defended. We
are shocked and mortified that so able and
deservedly eminent a gentleman as Judge
Black should have been betrayed by
temper into so brusque and illogical a dia
tribe, in which such expressions as "ribaldry,''
"drivel,""liar,""presumptionsegotism," "pol
itician's scurrility," "arraignment so foul,
rash and shameless," and "profane malcdic
tion" abound on every page, and personal vi
tuperation is pressed to serve the place of
reason. By all means let us repudiate our
would-be defender as unfitted for the high
and sacred trust he has usurped. Let us de
termine first whether the religion so dear to
;
w ho may be wavering towards non-belief,
may be reassured ami convinced and armed
to meet and defeat our enemies with their
own weapons. If not, then let us shun the
contest, as we have the right to do, and de
linntly affirm that God's ways are not man's
the hearts of all of us can bear the calm, de
liberate, impersonal and scrutinizing test of
a logical combat. If it will, certainly let
us have it, that we, or at least those of us
ways, and that our faith will not permit us
to doubt tlie divine emanation of Christ's
teaching; and that as no useful inquiry can
be had without questioning, and we are for
bidden to question the word of God, a dis
cussion thereupon is impossible. Thus we
may entrench ourselves forever from possible
conflict, and the perverse and wretched inti
del w j]j i M . ] ( q*t t<> 1» ] s fate, to reap the w hirl
wind bis arrogance hath sown.
Aline Jumper-.
((•lobe ('hronicle. j
Among the evils which afflict every min
ing camp, there is none which is more baneful,
begets more animosities, frequently leading
to violence and bloodshed, than any other.
It is the practices of the "mine jumper." He
is generally a man who never prospects for
himself, rarely works aniline when begets
possession of it, but is constantly oil the
lookout to take advantage of the enterprise,
sagacity and labor of others. He is of the
nature of some classes of birds; too lazy to
build their own nests, hut always searching
for nests already built.
In most eases his operations are for pnr
poses of black-mail solely, but he has no
compunctions of conscience in robbing a pros
pector and miner of his property, when by
reason of poverty, sickness, or other misfor
tunes the assessment work appears not to
have been amply performed. Even where
thousands of dollars have already been ex
pended upon a mine he will lie in wait in
feline watchfulness, he on the ground at the
] as ^ midnight moment, to take advantage of
any laches, errors or seeming lack of require
ment with the law, and pounce upon his
prey, as does the jackal, w hich he is, upon a
carcass without life enough to resist. It is
well enough to make it known that the
policy of the Government, as manifested
through its Courts, does not favor these
wreckers of mines. One of the ablest of the
United States District Judges of Colorado, in
pronouncing a recent decision upon a jumped
claim, used the follow ing language, substan
tialiy : "The law supposes and takes it for
granted that where a man puts $100 worth of
work on a claim or location that the mineral
was there to justify the expenditure, or else
a man would not he foolish enough to put
his time or money to such use ; and no man
has a right to go on the claim of another and
break the surface ground of a prospect. In
other words, the law accepts the acts of a
miner and prospector in good faith, and his
mie and keep his
fellow man should do the
hands off."
Yorktown.
j Harper's Magazine for August.]
Tiie scene of the surrender has long been
a much-neglected spot. Yorktown is not
reached by railway, and is off the line of
progress. Some day it may revive its old
time prosperity ; at least it ought to become
more accessible as a point of future pilgrim
age. Before the Revolution the town was
quite an emporium, the only port from which
the A'irginia planters shipped their tobacco
to England. Baltimore and Norfolk gradu
ally reduced it by competition. Some two
centuries or more ago we lirst hear of it as
one of the few outposts or forts in tlie colony.
In 17'2ö it was the center of a thriving coun
ty-an Episcopal parish of sixty communi
cants, with a church. Williamsburg, the
capital, with its House of Burgesses and
growing college, attracting thither the w is
dom and fashion of the Dominion, was scarce
a dozen miles away. Until Cornwallis sta
tioned himself there, Yorktown had escaped
the ravages of war on the Virginia coast, and
_ ......
, on ses "not i no rtf tha unw "or fimv
hardlv be sa ; (1 , left it iu a depressed condi
tion, almost beyond recovery, and to-day it
contains not more than three hundred inhab
itants, among whom are to be found but lew
descendants of the ancient proprietors. In
fact, it seems to be the lot of Yorktown that
the more it becomes a historical spot, the less
it becomes anything else.
When We Were Young.
[Harper's Magazine.]
Then the summer mornings were full of
singing birds, always waiting outside on
windows to help us begin the day with hap
piness. Then flowers were born, as if to ac
company the birds in their benevolent mis
sion. Then all our dreams were pleasant
imaginings, "Arabian Knights' entertain
ments," frolics, visions of undoubted joy.
Then June was the longest and loviiest
mantli in fho ralmiil-ir 1 lien WC Were never
^ ^ lod ^ nt ,i a u onr neightar s
i )ra [ n Then personal rheumatism was un
known to ns. Then insomnia had not been
vtalstf,1een'° Thm,
J£lfc demy mil« a day 'without
am • rm -mm * « _ **
fatigue. Then all was gold that glittered.
Ill en we were young.

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