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1, WH V olume xv. Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 24, 1881. No. » n HI,1*111:0 KVF.ItY THCRSDAY MORÎÏIXG. Tenus of Subscription. WKEKLY HERALD: One Year.......................................................... «5 oo six Months ............................................ 3 oo DAILY HERALD: ( - it y Subscribers, Delivered by Carrier, $2 a month. one Year, by mail...........................................Hs oo ix Months, " .......................................... ;> 00 Tlirei Month* l'ustage, in all cases Prepaid. 1 50 Month* .$18 00 " .......................................... ;t 00 ......... ...... ........................ 5 00 (hires* tail he vuide promptly and requests must yire the post office ' Uhnnyes of rhea fully, lud FROM us wi ll ns the one. TO v it ich such chan si ml. iu order In teceire attention. i. j All ( tiiminuiicatiniis should be addressed to FÏKK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. THE OLD HOMESTEAD. All, here it is, the dear old place! l'iichanged through all these years. How like some sweet familiar face My eliilhood's home appears. The grand old trees behind the door. Still spread their branches wide ; Tin- river wanders as of yore, With swiftly running tide; The distant hills look gieen and gray. The dowers are blooming wild ; And everything looks glad to-day As when i was a child. Regardless how the years have down. Half wondering 1 stand, 1 catch no fond, endearing tone, 1 clasp no friendly hand ; 1 think my mother's smile to meet, 1 list my father's call, 1 pause to hear my brother's feet Come hounding through the hall ; lhit silence all around me reigns, A chill creeps through my heart; No trace of those I love remains. And tears unhidden start. What though the sunbeams fall as fair. What though the budding flowers still shcil their fragrance on the air Within life's golden hours; The 'oving ones that clustered here These walls mar not restore; Voices that filled my youthful ear Will greet my soul no more. And yet 1 quit the dear old place With slow and lingering tread, As when we kiss a clay cold face And leave it with the dead. --------- » TIIE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. 5 de A pretty deer is dear to me, A hare with downy hair ; i love a hart with all my heart, But barely bear a hear, Tis plain that no one takes a plane To have a pair of pears; A rake, though, often takes a rake To tear away the tares, All rays raise thyme, time razes all ; And, through the whole, hole V'ears. A writ in writing "right," may write It "wright," and still be wrong— For "rite" and "write" are neither "right," And don't to write belong, Beer often brings a liier to man, Coughing a cofiin brings. And too much ale will make us ail, As well as other things. The in r'"'U lies who says he lies Wlien lie is hut reclining; And when consumptive folks decline, They all decline declining. A quail don't quail before.a storm— A hough will bow before it ; We cannot rein the rain at all— No i artliiy powers reign o'er it. The dyer dyes a wlßle then dies ; To liye he's always trying, Fntil upon his dying bed He thinks no more of dyeing. A son of Mars mars many a sun ; All Devs must have their days, Vnil every knight should pray each night I'o Him who weighs his ways. Tis meet that man should mete out meat i'o feed misfortune's son ; The fair should fare on love alone. Else one cannot he won. A lass, alas ! is something false; Of faults a maid is made ; Her waist is but a barren woste— Though stayed she is not staid. The springs spring forth in spring, and shoots Shoot forward one and all; Though summer kills the flowers, it leaves The leaves to fall in fall. I would a story here commence, lint you might Aud it stale; So let's suppose that you have reached The tail end of our tale. No Use for 'Browsers. I On the morning of the meteoric shower in i 1« old 1'ey ton Jtoberls, who intended muk- : , .* nr i- fe. i».a wnrir «nt »n in the mg an early start to his Mork, got up in the ; midst ot the display. On going to his door lie shay Avith amazement the sky lighted up with the tailing meteors and he concluded at mn e that the Day of Judgment had come. He stood for a moment gazing in speechless | .. u nor at the scene, and then with a veil ot horror, sprang ont of the door into the yard, 1 light into ihe midst ot the tailing stsirs; and ocre, in his elici ts to dodge them, he com menml a series ol ground and lolty tnmb ling that Avould have done honor to a tiglit i't»l»e dancer. His Avife, being awakened in flic meantime, and seeing old Peyton jump ing and skipping about the yard, called out h> him to know "Avliat in the name of com mon sense he Avas doin' out thar dancing' around Avitliout his clothes on. But Peyton ''card not ; the judgment and the long black •immnt lie Avould have to settle made him heedless of all terrestrial things, anti his " iff, at last becoming alarmed at his strange behavior, sprang out of bed, and running to fl'e door, shrieked out at tlie top of her hings: ' Peyton, I say, Peyton ! Avhat do you mean jumping about there? Come in and put J'mir trowsers on !" Old Peyton, ay hose fears bad nearly over powered him, faintly answered, as he fell s piu\vliiig on the ground : "ïroAvsers, l'eggy ! What's the use of troAV S( ts Avlien the Avorld's afire?" llow to Manage a Cough. r .„ ~-7\. .».■»■> . I 1 ho !»P8on, a distinguished Lnglish n,ii lia ' 111 a » d t C Mfuk.on cou g is * mm says: "II we would knoM' Iiom to e manage a cough, Ave must learn Iioav not to '' 0u t r l | - The inclination to cough should at J. nv raU ' I* suppressed until the secretion, ; '■'x existence of which sets up the cough, is j ('■'thin reach ; a full inspiration should noAV ) taken and the accumulated phlegm is ........ . ...... ............. ^ W| flif'ii removed at a single effort ; thus the ■ '""tils surfaces are not causelessly irritated, ; u "(l a severe bronchial attack passes easily ffioiiirli Da at,„»a. miw.™.... ic ti... ! o ........................ ___ ^ J y inhaling steam or sucking an ipecacuana ^«enge on first awakening, the dried secre is "'«> may be loosened or easily expelled, and llc usual painful fit of mornin«- coughing ; Prevented. " ! The Wife's Management. most \vi\ es, the very thought oi ask-1 ing a husband for money for personal ex penses, is a delicate and dreadful task Not that the wife of the ,uan fears refusal, but; to iiei it seems that he should see for him-. sell what she needs, not compel her to ask * or w hat is rightfully hers. The wife is the head manager of the home ; and the man is presumably the bread winner, the responsi ble head, but on her devolves the burden of planning and managing the home expendi tures - When a man marries, he takes away, in a measure, the opportunities which a woman possessed before of providing for her own support. Tlieie are many men who wed ' with the avowed intention of tal ng a nart ucr in life who shall help them earn money, and who demand that a wife shrdl toil on, year after year, at cost of health and home comfort ; no matter if both are sacrificed, so that she earns money to help swell the gen eral fund. AVe do not propose to give such i husbands even a passing notice ; but allude to those men who when they enter into wed lock do so with the design of creating a home and directing their best efforts toward the maintainance ofthat home, and the eduea tion of their children. * AVere such men as the latter to realize how most women shrink from asking for money for the purchase of clothes and the numberless trifles they love to collect, they would not force them to doit. It is a very easy matter for a man to give to his wife a weekly or monthly sum from which she can provide herself and little ones with what they require; and he should also depute to her thedntyofmakingthepnichases for ail de Partments of home. A certain sum should her (and should be according be allowed ^ to his income) which Mould place her in a , position to acquire judgment, by calling into exercise economy and skill in making pur chases. A wife who is thus treated will be come systematic and prudent. She will soon learn that it is more judicious to buy in : large quantities. She will also learn that it j is the truest economy to procure the best. A new delight will enter into her daily life, All women have in a greater or lesser degree j a taste for business ; and a possession of a certain share of the funds will awaken habits ol' forethought, and common sense will die fate her outlays, besides she will know bet- j ter what she, as the representative ox* her j husband, can afford. She will no longer be I kept in ignorance of his affairs, and she will determine for herself just how far money should be expended, with the happiest re suits. j If any husband doubts the correctness of our views, let him consult his wife upon the subject, and the answer will, perhaps sur prise him. And if he go still further and adopt the advice given, the result will sur prise him also. He will he the gainer, both in true comfort, and increased respect for his wife, while she M ill enjoy the pleasant ex- 1 citemeut of bargaining, and the develop ment of an executive ability, M'hich have remained dormant. — ---- ---------- might hat Men Need Wives For. Tt is not to sweep the house, and make the bed, and darn the socks, and cook the meals, chiefly, that a man wants a wife. If this is all, m hen a young man calls to see a lady, send him to the pantry to taste the bread and cakes she has made, send him to inspect, the needle work and bed making, or put the broom into her hands and send him to wit ness " the them. But what the true man most wants of a wife is her companionship, sympathy and love. The way of life has many dreary ess its use. Such things are important, and n wise young man will quietly look after — ■ " • ■ 1 .......... un»nj-f places in it, and man needs a companion to go Avith him. A man is sometimes OA ertaken by misfortune, and meets Avith failure and defeat : trials and temptation, beset him, 1 with sin, lileheputs iu.i and he needs one to stand by and sympa thize. He has some stern battles to light Avith poverty, Avith enemies and I and he needs a woman that, Avhile i his arm around her and feels that he has : something to light tor, will help to light: that will put her lips to his ear and whisper ; words of ^ unsel> a 1 nd her hand to his h 4 rt and p ar t neAv inspiration. All7through —through storm and sunshine, conflict and victory, through adA'erse and favoring winds _ m / u ' needs a woman's love. The | heart vearns for it . A sister's or a mother's ! heart yearns for it. A sister's or a mother's j ove w jjj hardly supply the need. Yet many 1 see j. p or i 10 thing further than success in fiouseAvork. Justly enough, half of these no thing more. The other half, surprised ] )evont | measure, haA r e obtained more than ---- . . 1 °r burns and scalds there is nothing more an egg, Avhich they sought. The Medical Uses of Eggs. soothing than the white of which ; may be poured over the wound. It is softer as a varnish for a burn than collodion, oml being always on hand can be applied i m_ | mediately. It is also more cooling tlian the "sweet oil cotton, Avhich M'as formally sup-, posed tobe the surest application to allay the smarting pain. It is the contact Avith the air which giA'es the extreme discomfort experienced from ordinary accidents ot this kind; anti anything that excludes air and prevents inflammation is the thing to be at once applied.^ Ihe egg is also considered . one ot the best remedies for dysentery. Beaten up lightly, with or without sugar, it tends by itseinollientqualities,to lessen the in- j flammation of the stomach and intestines, and by forming a transient coating on the organ to enable nature to assume her healthful sway I ° ve r the diseased body. Two, or at most three, eggs per day would be all that would j be required in ordinary cases, and, since the e gg j s not merely a medicine, but food as we ji > t } ie lighter the diet otherAvise, anu the qu ieter the patient is kept the more cer ; taiu aud ra pid is the recovery. j -----•---- ) Lemon Water, ■ A substitute for plain water, where doubts ; are entertained as to the purity of the water supply, or where Avine disagrees: Peel the ! vinH nf An* lPTiion verv thin, the same as for one lump of su- ; ^ ____ _ _ and a half of boil ing'water, let it stand* till cold, strain, and it is ready for use. more lemon peel may be used. It is a good plan to make it over night, and let stand till morning. Great care should be used in peeling the rind. Green-house and Garden. Every one who can afford them should have a few Allamandas. They succeed in * he °P en air iu P arts °f California, but must ÄÄ ?ot culture does not suit them best. Plant in \ free soil and train on pillars or rafters. The i leaves are dark emerald; the flowers a rich 1 golden hue. A warm, moist atmosphere and plenty of water are required to success. The j roots extend a long distance in rich, light soil. If a border can be had in which to plant them, specimens can be grown in pots, by a rigid system of pinching back. Begin ! with a well-rooted cutting; place it in a four-inch pot, and train it to a single stem for a height of twelve inches, then cut it back to six inches, so as to form laterals. Let the youug wood ripenjwell as the autumn advances. Give but little water in winter, i Re-pot when needed, and when in 12-inch ! pots train the shoots to a suitable framework, The mealy bug is the worst insect enemy. ! i Use a hair pencil and strong alcohol touching the spots. A lovely plant for pot culture in houses, and also well adapted to garden culture is the Freesia Réfracta. The flowers are liaud some and fragrant, and the whole habit of the plant is graceful. The jasmines are favorites with all who know them. The large and free-blooming ! species should be in even the smallest gar dens. The hast novelty in this line is the double with smooth-edged petals, not as usually, crimped and somewhat irregular. It blooms Ml summer and autumn. Camellias may now be layered and will root in from three to six months. Some per-j sons will not venture to plant camellias in the open air, and yet many choice and flor- j itérons specimens are thriving in the inline- ; fliate vicinity of this city. Plant in a sliel- j a tered location, partially shrouded from the j mid-day son. Camellias thrive under a flat lattice roof. Water them with water in which guano and a little pulverized charcoal, have been dissolved. As dr as pot plants are concerned, it is j time to be taking steps to increase them, j These autumn days before the rains begin, j and while the atmosphere is yet warm, cause the slips and the cuttings to root well in leaf mold and sand. Cinnerarias and other plants required for j early spring decoration need attention at this j it season and must be kept in a good state of growth. Fumigate them occasionally to kill the green fly, whether or not they are ob served. Weedy cinnerarias give little pleas ure; only the best seed should be sown. Gen erous culture does the rest, Gardeners seldom appreciate the value sawdust. It can be used for rooting cuttings in, and possesses high qualities in that re gard. Mixed, however, with an equal quan thy of silver sand, there is nothing better for the propagating bench. AVhen in autumn, up plants are removed to the open border, a handful of sawdust about the stem acts as a mulch ; it also keeps the slugs away. ---------- ---------- of The Speed of Thought. ! -, -, I.* . n , ,, , , , mile oi nerve, und Hirsch iom.il that a touch on the lace was recognized by the brain and responded to by a manual signal m the .a 1 i tt i c (a . a seventh ol a second. H. lalso found that the speed oi sense dittoed for different organs. Helmholtz showed that a wave of thought would require about a minute to traverse a ,, ... . . . , , , t ? 1 ® 1 sen »f oi heari , u 8 be * n S responded to in a s,xth 01 a socond 5 whlIe that ot sl S ht re ' Llilvc U^ '''U UI '" UL , lllc Z* 1111 '" ou . ence t at nua ges tra\el more slouly than f m " 1 or ,'»" dl - . 11 s '!'l however ! < l." ire f on ^™' smmd ,0 „ bc »??» signaled. In .ill these eases the distance traversed Mas about the same, so the inter i , I T , 1 u V dor ,î"" cll - . Its ™ ™!™ me<1 i 1 h ? weTer |® :B th °" 1 cti * P JÏ" L ai ' 1S IIS »A the action ol tli >r ain. 110. Donders, by ' delicate apparatus, demonstrated " to be about seventy-five-thousandths of a second. Of the Avhole interval, forty-thous andths are occupied in the simple act of rec ««"tion, and thirty-live-lhoosandtlis in the f '. 01 " ül,n * a response. When two irn tants Avere caused to operate on the same xams were cause«^10 operate on trie same rt,t„Tze°" hXvS i ^. uir 5 c 0 t ® ixerson t recog e ich A\as the first; but a slightly longer interval Avas re< l ulr e<l t° determine the prioritA in the ! ca * e . ot the other senses. These results Avere obtained trom a middle-aged man, but i V 0 * 1 ** th * mental operations are somewhat ! ^ uicker than . 111 f ie adult ' the average of many experiments proved that a simple thought occupies one-fortieth of a second. Exterminating A'ermin. A correspondent of the American Agricul- turist says, regarding the best means of ex- terminating vermin on poultry and hogs: Kerosene and lard are as essential in the poul ^ r y ] 10USe as soap and water in the nursery, and I Avould as soon think of going Avithoutthe _____________ x .____ _________ ______ „ , ; and j wQuifi gs gQQQ think of going without the ] a ttei' as the former. I never see the sign of a ] 0 usc unless Ave are careless and neglect the | remedy, or rather the preventiA e. I do not wad until the chicks are ten or twelve days 0 j d f or that time the mischief would be ! ( ] one ; }, u t I begin the fall before, and all through the winter, once in tAvo or three weeks, rub the roosting poles Avith a mixture 0 f lard and kerosene, half an half, and put ! dou die corners of the nest boxes. When I set a hen I use ne m', soft, clean hay, and on ea(dl corner of the box pour clear kerosene; d mus t not touch the eggs. If very late in d k e seasaUt it will be best to repeat this a f ew days Ixffore hatching. I take the chicks ou p Î1S fast as they are dry, and keep by the kitchen stove in a basket under a Avoolen blanket one or tM O days. Then each chick's ] ica( [ j s rubbed Avitli the anti-louse mixture, and any 3tra y insect that may have lain in wa it in some ungarded spot Mill never obtain - - - --- a meal from that chick. Care must be tak en net to put on too mach, or it Avili run in to the eyes. Sanitary Errors. L To belie\ T e that the more hours children are at their studies the faster they learn 2. To believe that the more a person eats the stronger and fatter he will become. 3. To believe that if exercise is good for one it should be taken at all hours and sea sons, the more violent the better the result, 4.^ To imagine that the smallest room in j the house is large enough to sleep in. j 5. To eat without appetite. 6. To eat a hearty supper the last thing at j night. j PHYSICS WITHOUT APPARATUS Roiling Water in a Sheet of Paper. In Nature are given experiments for boil Take a piece of paper and fold it up, as . !^ ' ° n ^ \ i , , . „ , . - school boys do, into a square box without a lid. Hang this up to a walking stick by four threads, and support the stick on books or other convenient props. Then a lamp or taper must be placed under this dainty cal dron. In a lew minutes the water will boil, The only fear is lest the thread should witch fire and let the water spill into the lamp !ui(l over the table. Ihe flaiue must therefore not be too large. The paper does not burn because it is wet ; and even if it resisted the wet it would not be burned through because the heat imparted it on one ta rougn oeeause the heat imparted it on one i s 1 1 , t,ie hame would he very raptdly eon . . ... ... , Another experiment oi a similar nature, but perhaps even more strilang, is as follows: Sf e ? geS J )1 v. a _ < :T ra0U p 3 ? 1 " 8 card or other bit of card board so as to lash ion it it into a light tray. On this tray place a layer of smal shot or bits of lead and heat it over the flame of a lamp. The lead will melt but the card will not burn. It may be charred a little around the edge, but inane ! dieted aw ay by the other ! dia . e " V below the lead it will not be burned, ! or cre a £ aui the lead conducts oil the heat oa one 9ule as kus ^ as lt; 18 supplied on the otiier.__^ _____ __________ ___________ bar and seated themselves around a little table, "Yes, sir, we do things on rather a sizable scale. I have seen a man on one of! .... . „ ,,, , , , A es, sir, resumed the Dakota man, as the crowd ol agriculturists drew back from the Farming in Dakota. [From the Brooklyn Eagle.] onrbig farms start out in thespringandplow a straight furrow until fall. Then he turned round and harvested back." "Carry his grub with him r " asked a Brooklyn farmer, who raises cabbage on the outskirts. "No, sir. They follow him up with a steam hotel and have relays of men to change plows for him. AVe have some big farms up there, gentlemen. A friend of mine owned one on which he had to give a mortgage, and I pledge you my word the mortgage was due on one end before they could get it recorded at the other. You see it was laid off in counties." There was a murmur of astonishment, and the Dakota man continued : "I got a letter from a man who lives in my orchard, just before I left home, and it bad been three weeks getting to the dwell allst "Reasonably, reasonably," replied the Da kota man. And the worst of it is, it breaks up families so. Two years ago I saw a whole family prostrated with grief. AVomen yell ing, children howling and do;. gs barking. One of my men had his camp truck packed on seven four-mule teams and he was around bidding everybody good bye." "Where was he going ?" asked a Grave- "He was going half way across the farm to , feed the > r | lied t J Bakota man ;. , ., Did h ' * Ter £ hack t0 his lami i yV - ; .. T , - f , . ,, , , T . It isn t time tor him,'returned the Da • koto geutlema „. -Up,here we send young ( meu t0 mi j k , he cows and tl ,J ; children bring home the milk." T understand you have fine mines up entnred a Jamaeia turnip i "Yes, but we only use the quartz for feuc j » said the Dakota man, testing the blade of ^ ta knife with his thnm ' b pre ; aratory , 0 \ that way," v i , dan , er - — ««ni mu mux*) ivoiniv> ;ofhis knife with histhnmb, prejaratory whetting it on his boot. "It wouldn't Pi*y , to crus ] 1 ] t? because Ave can make more on ! wheat, I put in 8.900 toAvnships of wheat last I spring." "Hoav many acres Avould that be ?" "AYe don't count by acres. AVe count by townships alld c0 „ ntil J. My yield was $661 000ü00 on , vlleat al one , alld I'm thinki ng of i. <■----- ^ i_____1.....1 j breaking up from eighty to a hundred more ! "!!" tieS seas0 "''' ' Hoav do you get help for such extensive | operations?" asked the New Utrecht man. "Oh ! labor is cheap," replied the Dakota muii "You can get all you want for from i $29 to $47 a clay. In fact I never paid over m „ j "Is land cheap ?" "No, land is high. Not that it costs any thing, for it don't ; but under the la ms of the Territory you have got to take so much or noue. I Avas in luck. Had a friend at I Yankton who got a bill through the Legisla ture, alloAving me to take 420,000 square miles, Avhich is the smallest farm there, though it is - , 1 J 1 ^ t rk e epe r as the i j Eastern husbandmen strolled ont in a bunch j to consider the last statement. a j] this! you've been telling true?" "Certainly" responded the Western man ; | "at least it is a modification of what I saAv 1 in a Dakota paper that Avas M rapped around ! a pair of shoes lust night. I didn't dare put it as strong as the paper did, for no one AA r ould believe it drinks and I'll pay in the morning. ! right here on Myrtle avenue, , ,. - - ■ 0 >------ tae eart " Mas timed and rated „,000 years You can slate the last round of I live ! 1 The Earth's Errors. Considered as a timepiece, Avhat are the earth's errors? Suppose, for a moment, that ago, liow much has she lost, and what is her " rate error ?" She has lost in that interval nearly one hour and a quarter, and she is losing noAV at the rate of one second in twelve ! weeks. In other Avords the length of a day is now more by about ene eighty-fourth part | of a second than it avos 2,000 years ago. At j this rate of change our day would merge in to a lunar month in the course of 36,000,000, 000 years. But after a while the change 1 would take place more slowly, and some trillion or so of years Avili elapes before the i full change is effected. If yon have but a single Bartlett pear the 1 proper thing to do is to cut off the big end and giA'e it to yonr friend, keeping the stem end yourself. This looks like a generous act, and your friend will appreciate your disin terested kindness, and besides, the small end of the Bartlett contains all the lusciousness of the pear, while the big end is dry and pnmpkiny. How true it is that a good act never goes unrewarded ! A NOVEL SURGICAL JOB. Operating on a Man who Swallowed his False Teeth. , ------- „ . [From the Troy (N. \.) Time*.] A delicate and novel operation was per , formed at the hospital this morning on John j Farrell. Eleven years ago, Farrell, who came j j t*> Troy from Omaha, swallowed two false | j teeth and the rubber plate attached. A 1111m j her of attempts have since been made to force ! , the plate into the abdomen. These opera j fions were unsuccessful, but served to lodge | the substance in the louver part of the gullet. | j Aside from suffering, Farrell has for a long j time been unable to partake of other than j liquid food. This morning's o,«ration lor the removal ot the plate consisted in making an incision in the neck behind the ear, dis j secting the windpipe by an opening of about ; three inches, and another incision in the gul I let. The following surgeons participated in ; j the operation : Drs. McLean, Nichols, Cooper, i I Hutchinson and Mason of Troy, Van Yran ken > of West Tr °y- Moore, of Cohoes, and j O'Connor and Herrick, resident physicians at the hospital. The patient was administered a narcotic before tlie painful operation. The operation was entirely successful. * The plate was removed with the teeth intact. Schools as They Are. 1 entérina this interesting- Period * The ml oil i s stimulated to make Ire-it exertion^ in teliectually, at the expense of bodily health. Healthy, happy school children are rare. The present object of school life is to fur nish that instruction in hook lore that par ents cannot or have not leisure to impart. The tendency, however, is toward a great variety of studies, many of them unpracti cal and useless, and usually the hoy or girl graduates with as little knowledge of the rea l demands of life as he or she had Headaches, languor, pallid faces are the rule, owing, we believe, to the mistakes commit ted in the present method of school instruc tion. Long lessons are given out which entail work at night ; the child is robbed of its sea son for rest and recreation, loses its mental strength, and becomes a discontented drudge, taking little interest in the very studies, which, if properly pursued, Mould create a desire to cultivate the mind. The latter ob ject is frustrated by the multiplicity of sub jects presented, and by the foolish pride of parents, Mho insist upon their children tak ing up a number of topics, with the hope that they will be brilliant and outshine their companions. A change in the direction of less studies and fewer hours of study, would tend to im the physieial health of our iud a corresponding gain men >und mind can only inhabit a sound body." on to The Choice of ji Saddle Horse. [Miss Midy Morgan, in The Century .Magazine for November.] The selection of a horse for the saddle is a common source of trouble to those wishing to commence riding. In the United States, at the present time, there is no lack of horses that, M'ith careful breaking, could be made first-class saddle horses. The racing stables of America furnish every year a number of horn's not good enough to keep on in train big, yet exce llent lor park hacks or lor light 0 .... , - . . ]>glfr" Mdg t uniters I hese animals can always : be bought at low rates, and when properly broken are saler and more lasting than com mon bred horses. Central America possesses a breed of ponies of rare beauty and docility —charming household pets for children. These little animals are not alw'ays to be . . ,, tt -x i ci.. i , , Liîitecl States, and av hen here i | they are costly. For larger boys and girls, : i îî,q. mUsta " g °D h ? pIams 011g 5 t ,0 !?■" fav " ! onte moun L Their many good qualities are I aot as Y et lully recognized. The mustang is j M.evod by many to be vicious, unruly, and, ; of til it becomes smooth and uniform in con i sistency. Bottle and keep in a Avarm place twenty-four honrs ; it may take thirty-six in Avinter. The bottles must he tightly corked Shake Avel 1 five in consequence, unsafe for children ; on the contrary, it is an intelligent, sturdy little creature, full of affection for a kind OAvner. Droves of mustangs are from time to time brought to Ncav York by the great cattle shippers, and in their Avild state they are snapped up by city dealers at prices ranging j from eight to forty dollars per head. A Recipe for Koumiss. It is generally believed that Koumiss can be made only of mare's milk. But Ave are assured that the koumiss made by the fol loAving recipe is equal in all respects to the best imported : Into one quart of neAv milk put one gill of fresh buttermilk and three or four lumps of white sugar. Mix Avell and see that the sugar dissolves. Put in a Avarm place to stand ten hours, when it will be thick. Pour from one vessel to another un ; | 1 and the corks tied doM'n. minutes before opening. Amber. nis\iuucu m ?ou,uw, »neu ruuueu um j )er ] )ecomes highly electric. In the Royal Amber is the resinous exudation from sev eral species of extinct pine trees. Over 800 ! species of insects have been found preserved in it, and leaves and fragments of 163 species of plants. It is used for ornament, and fine 1 specimens are Avorth more than their Aveight in gold. The largest mass is in tne cabinet at Berlin; its weight is eighteen pounds, and it is valued at £30,000. When rubbed am ! | j 1 Museum at Saxony is a bookcase entirely in laid with amber. Fine specimens have been brought up in fisherman's uets on the south coast of England, but it is most generally found on the Baltic shores. Forbidden Fruit. A child always covets that which is forbid den him ; and yet the discipline of certain households consists, for the most part, in j I j , ( ! ' ! ! : not," is inscribed upon almost everything I i the enactment and enforcement of prohibi tory laws. "Touch not, taste not, handle ^ _ 1 which tlie child is likely to hanker after. All the trees in the garden are full of forbid- an den fruit. He is told that he must not take anything without asking; and he is Avell aAvare that asking will be in vain. Noaa, if yon w T ant to bring up your children so that ! they may become something, you must leave something to their own discretion. The moral judgment needs tobe disciplined as ! well as the moral sense. j HANGMAN'S DAY. Friday of all the days has always been considered the unluekiest of days. Many j good, sober-minded, sensible people without a grain of superstition in their natures, are yet timid to begin anything or undertake a new venture on Fridav It is not unantlv j beeft called hangman's day and were one | curious they médit by investigation that nine-tentlis of the°capitiil criminals were ad ! dressed by the court! "And the sentence* of the court is that you be taken to the i iil etc and on Friday etc you be hanged bv vom' | neck Ltil de^ the iS ninl men you meet on the street and you'll find that every one of them has been raised from 3,""„fancy u?,httat idea firmlfneÏÏed down in his moral gizzard, glaring deflection from the established'order of events. Humanity with all its wisdom ; has but one way to judge what the luture i will be—that is by a\ hat the past has been History repeats'itself and there is nothin'-' new under the sun. Read then, superstitious crau'ler on the Avhirling hall, what history, which is the past loomed up before your molish sight for future guidance and the eradication of one of earth's household Gods*: Friday, August 1, 1492, Columbus started, in his scow, for green fields and pastures neM\ Friday, October 12, three hundred and eighty nine years ago yesterday, he first discovered land, and on Friday, Jan y 4,1493, he started back to Spain, M'hich place he M ould never have reached bad Friday been an unlucky day. This country would have remained steeped in the oblivion of its unknoM'ableness and the tenderness which encircles the free in dividuality of the average American citizen Mould have wasted its sweetness on the desert air. On Friday he reached Palos, on Friday arrived at Hispaniola on his second voyage, and on Friday he discovered Ameri ca, although he Avas too much of a tender foot to knoAv that he had struck it. The first American state paper in Eng land, John Cabot's commission from Henry VIII, which ltd to the discovery of North v ' as & \ eu Triday, March 5tli, 149(i. St. Augustine, the oldest town in the United States, M as founded on Friday. The pilgrims landed on Friday. On Friday AVashington M as born, Bunker Hill was seized, Arnold's treason xvas dis covered, M'hich saved the country—York iown surrendered, and on Friday, July 7. 177(5, John Adams, in congress, moved "that the United States colonies M'ere, and of right ought to be. free and independent." Hundreds of like notably epochs in,the history of the world might be given, but these few sIiom' conclusively that in these progressive days people, when looking be- fore and seeing the things which are behind, should lay the superftitons Friday gently to rest and lay hohl of some other day less fruitful of good works. Deep-Sea Waves. According to a careful investigation the long est sea waves observed appear to have been a litte more than 200 yards in length, with a period of about eleven seconds. The high est regular sea waves accurately observed ap pear to have had a height of not more than forty feet. The highest waves are generally very long, but, for that very reason, they are not the deepest. It is believed that the greatest slope of the external surface of wav» in fimmwn eoa r wave in the open sea never reaches thirty de : g rees and seldom exceeds fifteen degrees, It ls possil)le that in a storm there may be - - short portions of a Avave-service exceptionally steep, as the result of superimposed Avaves. and these may be very dangerous to boats; but they do not occur at all in simple SAvells, nor do they determine the slope of the large underlyine; wave from which a ship receives its mo t io ®. Moreover, the veïelï own de Pth carries it beiow the surlace wave, and the mean effective wave acting upon the g^jp j s always less steep especially in the ca8 > of ahort^waves From these facts Ave see that the Avell-known waves which "run mountain high" have their existence only in the imagination of the poet. Cedar Trees of Lebanon. 80 great has been tlie destruction of cedar trees in the famous Lebanon forest that they have dwindled into a mere thicket, number ing only 400 trees. Rustem Pasha, the Goa - ernor General, lias taken steps to arrest the disgraceful vandalism from Avhich they sutler at the hands of travelers. He lias issued a special ordinance forbidding the erection of tents or other kinds of shelter Avithin the tree district, and the lighting of tires for cooking or other purposes is also prohibited. No one Avili be allowed to break off a tAvig, and beasts of burden Avili not be alloAved to enter within the prescribed lim its. Should oxen, sheep, goats, or other pas turage cattle be found there they Avili be con fiscated absolutely. The Pasha seems determined that the forest, M'hich by the ancients avos considered sacred, shall not be nttely destroyed. The cedars of Lebanon M'ere Avont to be considered as symbols of strength and true greatness, and it would seem almost a sacrilege to let them be des poiled. The English Royal Horses. The London correspondent of the Hartford Times, describing a visit to Windsor Castle. Avrites : Down in the mews we were shown the horse that the Prince Consort used to ride. It is now very old and stands with drooping head, Avhich it only raises gratefully to the touch of a caressing hand. It is treat ed very tenderly and Avili be till the last moments; and, although the groom didn't say so, it wouldn't be surprising if the Queen should visit it and fondle its old head. There is any number of fine saddle horses, and a dear little M'hite pony ridden by the children of the Prince of Wales. It is called "Fairy," and takes a surreptitiously administered sugar plum very neatly. Corn Popped by the Sun's Heat. [Eufaula (Ala.) Bulletin.] We all have an idea that the Aveatlier was pretty hot last summer, but we have from Elbert Phipps, of Randolph county, Georgia, an ear of pop corn that satisfies us that the weather M'as just a little warmer than M'e thought it avos. Nearly every grain on this ear of corn was popped open under the in tense heat of the sun, just as if the ear had been laid on a hearth close to a hot fire. In popping open some of the grains flew off the cob, but not many, and those that stuck are nearly wide open.