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FISK BROS., - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, - - Editor. THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 24. 1881. SIXTEENTH VOLUME. The Weekly Herald, with the num ber issued Thursday, November 24th, en ters upon the sixteenth year of its publi cation. The Weekly' Herald has been a fostered and fortunate paper from the start. Its career has been unvaryingly prospered, and lias continuously enjoyed the confidence of the people, to whom it has commended itself by its worth. No journal of the Territorial press has pre tended to rival it, and in point of excel lence as a family newspaper it stands now, as at first, at the head of the list. There ! is perhaps but one paper in Montana fhat ! can honestly assume to have one-half as many readers. As it has so will it con tinue to hold the van. Its friends multi ply with the years, and old and new rela tions are merging into one. The future is still brighter with promise than has been the past. We move grandly on with Town and Territory, and paper and peo ple, as heretofore, will keep abreast. The Supreme Court of California has decided that the Sunday law is constitu tional. _ An Iowa man refuses $10,060 for the (»Id battleflag of the 47th Ohio regiment, of which Garfield was Colonei. If the National Capital can't procure a trained marksman nearer than Montana, we suppose a detail cau be ordered down from the Helena rifle Club. Gen. Schenck, after suffering long from Bright's disease, began six months since a milk diet, and is greatly improved in health, if not wholly cured. Rochambeau in his memoirs says that during the stay of the French army in this country there was never a blow exchanged j between the soldiers of the American and French armies. i Jones, who fired a pistol shot at Gar field's assassin, has been committed tojail. Washington is indignant that any man should so flagrantly demean himself as to deface the prison van with a bullet hole. Queen Victoria never forgets her old servants. She recently ealled upon the _ i arave. Several years ago a colored man named Lewis, at New York, died, leaving $1,500, 000 to the government to pay the national debt. His heirs contested the will, and have fought in every court for it, but it is now decided that the executors of the es tate must account to the government for every dollar of the legacy. parents of a man who had been in her ser vice, and in the old kirkyard at Strathdon . i,ii . e ,,, i • ; she placed a bouquet of flowers on Ins j v Wm. Reed, jr., at the recent election, was returned State Senator from the Taun ton, Mass., district by 1,000 majority. Mr. Reed will be remembered as editorially connected at one time with the Herald. He subsequently returned to the Old Bay State, and for a number of years past has owned and conducted the Taunton Gazette, a live Republican paper. According to the extra census bulletin just issued, the great wheat States are Illi nois, which raised 51,000,000 bushels ; In diana, 47,000,000 ; Ohio, 46,000,000 ; Mich igan, 35,000,000; Iowa, 31,000,000; Cali fornia, 20,000,000; Missouri, 25,000,000; and Wisconsin, $24,000,000. In these States was produced nearly three-fourths of the whole wheat crop of the country. The Leeds staff of the telegraph office there are receiving high honors for having transmitted to the London papers on one night of the Gladstone ovation over half a million of words. One London paper took a special train, with a parlor car for its staff, to London the instant the banquet was over. The entire report was finished on the arrival of the train in London, and a mounted messenger flew with it to the compositors. A Canada backwoodsman promised to send the minister fifty pounds of maple sugar for marrying him. Time passed on and no maple sugar arrived to sweeten the minister's household. Some months later [ he saw the newly married husband in the : town and ventured to remind him : "My j friend, you did not send the maple sugar j you promised." With a saddened counte- ! 'nance he looked up and replied : "To tell you the truth, governor, she ain't worth vi The sensational news was published in Rome a few days ago that the Corinthian capital of one of the great columns of the j facade of St. Peter's had fallen. It turned j out, however, to be only one of the inner j double volutes, but so colossal are i that in falling it extensively fractured the ! pavement, and the fragments were suffi cient to fill four carts. The damage, W'hich is not recognizable until pointed out, was caused by the effect of time and weather having loosened the piece of travertine of which it was formed. ! THANKSGIVING. To-day, 24th, by executive appointment of both the Nation and Territory, is des ignated as a day of thanksgiving to the Preserver of life and the Giver of all gifts for the mercies of the closing year and the bountiful harvests now garnered in every portion of our land. Vi hat origi nated among the Puritans of New England has become now a national feast day—not because New England men have so multi plied and spread over the whole country, ^ or better reason^that it is recog nized as the proper thing for all people in every part of the country to do. There was no patent on the institution, any more than there was on the system of public free schools, another New Edgland pro duction. Thanks to the influences that are fusing the elements of all sections and national ities, whatever is good in the customs of one section soon becomes the common property of all. Perhaps it is too much to call this a New England institution, for the institutions of almost every people from the dawn of history furnish some counterpart to celebrate the ingathering of j n â the crops and fruits of the year. The con scious possession of abundant stores, re lief from hard toil and anxiety for the se curing of crops, as naturally fill the heart with joy as the showers fill the springs. The old Jews had their feast tabernacles, and something similar may be found in the customs of every people, ancient and modern. It does not seem to have become an annual observance in New England, until about 1G80. During the Revolution Thanksgiving day was annually recom- j mended by the Continental Congress, but | after that^t appears only as an occasional thing until readopted by President Lin- j coin. As late as 1857 Governor Wise of i Virginia refused to issue a proclamation for Thanksgiving on the plea that he had no authority to interfere in religious mat ters, but the very next year the Governors of eight of the Southern States issued Thanksgiving proclamations. Nor was it in the early days of this country confined j to the Puritans only, for the Dutch Gov ernors of New York appointed days of ! thanksgiving, and the prayer book of the Protestant Episcopal church, ratified as j early as 1789, recommends the first Thurs dav in November as a day of thanksgiv The religious east and character of the observance is much of it traceable to the section where it was most generally and thoroughly observed. The day of feasting is usually one overflowing with merriment, and it would not have been unnatural had Thanksgiving taken generally a sober cast. We are certainly glad that our people gen erally show that they can rejoice with so berness and feast with moderation. In i New England, where Thanksgiving out ranks alf the festivals of the year, it is pe . . ; culiarly the home testival, when all the j v \ ' scattered membi of the household, to the second, third and fourth generations, gather about the old hearth-stone. It is a general time of family reunion, and any wanderer from the old fireside who will not return to fill his place at the family table on that day is accounted guilty of a species ot pettit treason. Among the religious observances of the day there was of course a sermon, and every one about the house not needed to prepare dinner must go to church. Thanks giving sermons were generally of a very different stamp from Sunday discourses. They treated usually of national matters, recounting all the principal causes occur ring in the year for congratulation. In skillful hands this theme begat eloquent periods, and every preacher tried to outdo himself and give something that would relish as well and be remembered as long as the dinner that was preparing at home. If Thanksgiving could, with becoming na tional consistency, preserve its old New England character it would be of value beyond all estimate. Its memories and associations are among the holiest and strongest in all human experience to those who have known them in the seat of their power. We have, as our chief executive has so beautifully expressed it, many causes of mourning. It has been a year of great losses ; almost everybody has felt this more or less, but over and above all mercy and bounty have not been withheld, and all may and should join in rejoicing and thanksgiving. The returns indicate about 15,000 ma jority for the fusion ticket in Virginia. The triumph carries with it that part of the State ticket elected by direct vote of j the people, as also the Legislature by 24 j majority on joint ballot. This secures the Auditor, Treasurer, etc., elected by vote of the Legislature, as also a United States [ Senator in place of Johnson, Bourbon. : ............... ~~ j The bailiffs seem to make little impres j 8 i° n on the miscreant Guiteau, in trying ! subdue his jumping-jack movements in court. We suggest that the drop of a six hundred pound quartz mill stamp w'ould more effectually quiet him until the trap door of a gibbet can be employed in his case. The country wants to see the assas sin jarred plenty, j j j "When school is out I strike for the woods," said Senator Frye in answer to a i question asking how he kept so well and ! Wealthy * n ^ ashington. __ Murder and Suicide. Dover, N. H., November 21.—At Stafford, yesterday, Mrs. Walteren, for some time ill, called her granddaughter to her bedside, cut her throat from ear to ear with a razor, and then killed herself. INTERNAL REVENUE TAXES. The rate at which our national debt is being extinguished seems to alarm some good people. They seem to fear that there will be no first-class investments and that money will be so plenty that it will go begging. Almost every one is satisfied that the time is ripe for some reduction of the rates of duty or some remission of in ternal revenue tax. We have heard some advocate the repeal of all the internal rev enue taxes. If we did this we should let go all our surplus revenue, and the reduc tion of the debt would cease altogether. We are opposed to all sudden and extreme changes of policy. They are mischievous in all their tendencies and effects. The principal reduction should, in our opinion, be made in duties, but there are some particular internal revenue taxes that should be struck oft' and have long since survived their necessity, which was the only excuse for their existence. These are the taxes on matches and bank checks. We never could understand why that match tax lias been allowed to remain so long. It is a peculiarly grievous tax, for it rests with its principal weight upon the poor. We could only find an excuse for it in the fact that most matches were used for lighting cigars and pipes, so that it was included in part of the tobacco tax, The reason, if such was the one, has large ly disappeared, for all saloons and cigar stands keep a light burning for the smok ers' benefit and almost the entire weight of the tax rests now on shoulders little able to bear the weight. It ought to be repealed forthwith. The amount of the revenue from this source w'ould never be missed and an indispensable article for every poor person, even more than for the rich, would be consequently cheapened in price. The tax on bank checks is another that ought to be repealed. It might have been supposed at first that this tax would rest principally on bankers and men of wealth, but the practical workings to any compe tent and careful observer w'ould hastily dispel such an illusion. It is the small de positor in our savings banks who has to pay most of this tax. If, in the first in stance, it falls on the banker, he always watches his opportunity to fix the burden upon the depositor and escapes scot tree of any imposition intended for himself. Now, if there is any worthy class in the country who deserve encouragement and whose scanty accumulations should go untaxed, it is the small depositor just beginning to lay a foundation for a competency, or put ting aside a reserve for accident or day of necessity. It is something to be encour aged by the State by all proper methods, and the remission of this tax seems alto gether proper. While favoring these exceptions, we are utterly opposed to the release or even re duction of the taxes on liquors and tobac co. It is the place to put taxes and keep them. It is merely a question of policy whether to make them high or low. Very high taxes provoke so much fraud and smuggling that it yields less revenue than lower ones. Even those who use liquor and tobacco most acknowledge that it is a luxury, and anything that restricts in dulgence is a benefit. The pleasure of in dulgence removes the complaint against the tax burden. The tax on proprietary medicines is one of more doubtful utility. Those who think a majority of them con coctions of whisky and opium are right in endeavoring to retain the tax. It falls without question with almost its entire weight on the poorer classes, and it the use of such medicines does more good than harm the weight should be removed. We believe some reductions can be made every time that Congress meets without materially reducing the revenue. It would seem from the report of the Commissioner of Pensions that all the surplus of one year would be needed to pay up the ar rears of pension already voted. Then it w'ill take another hundred millions to im prove the Mississippi river. By that time it may be thought best to buy up all the telegraph lines and make them part of our postal system. JEFFERSON COUNTY. Railroad Inquiry--The Mining Outlook --Active Work at Wickes and the Gregory. A Jefferson City correspondent writes: "Why is it that one or the other of the rail roads is not in the field surveying a line from Helena to Clancy, Jefferson, Wickes and Boulder?" The writer states that mineral developments are progressing on an exten tive scale in all the tributary districts south and southwest of Helena. The Reduction Works at Wicks and Gregory will soon be in operation, and train loads of bullion will be part of the freight soon oftered for trans portation. All is hurry and bustle at and around the Gregory mine, where they are erecting complete and substantial reduction works, and they are doing it ail in a business like manner, getting everything ready before they start up. The works at Wickes are also being pushed as fast as possible under the supervision of Mr. Brown, the Superintendent, and it is ex pected in a few days they will be ready to start up, when the output is expected to be large. Work will l>e resumed on the Rumley this winter, and machinery will be ordered for the same sometime before spring, so I am informed by one of the owners. I was shown a few days since an assay from the Overland Lode, owned by Rade cliff and Co, from twelve feet of the vein which run $18 in gold and 2J ounces in sil ver. The balance of the vein, 8 feet, runs $3 in gold and Q ounces in silver, and it is estimated by experts that there is at least ten thousand tons of such ore in sight. CONTENTMENT. "A contented mind is a continual feast." The frame of mind of some of our good friends across the range, so far as the same is indicated by word of mouth, excites both our surprise and admiration. We have always heard it said that it was bet ter to be born lucky than rich. As in the county division matter, when the division could not be further postponed, every one seemed at once thoroughly reconciled ; in fact, it would have seemed as if that was the very thing they had been seeking most earnestly. It was noticed, however, that very many who thought Deer Lodge would be so much nicer a place when troublesome Butte was in another county all by itself, one by one unostentatiously folded tlieir tents and soon after pitched them again in Silver Bow county. Old memories and fond associations serve for a time as a good banner to fight under, but when they be come not only the rallying cry for a single fight but the constant din of a prolonged campaign, the stoutest grow faint at length and fall out of line. So in this railroad controversy. It was plain enough to be seen by an uneducated eye that there was but one way to get over the Main Range, and that by the path favored by Nature. Here was a grade ready made going just far enough south to take in Silver Bow county before visiting Deer Lodge. This conviction seems to have become so strong that no evidence to the contrary can disturb the serenity and satisfaction that it begets. While the surveys were being made by the Mullan pass, it would merely demonstrate, so these West Siders said, still more clearly the ne cessity of going by way of the Deer Lodge pass. When it was suggested that a tun nel might be necessary if the Mullan pass route was adopted, that was supposed to end the matter again. No one certainly would accept this alternative, with the de lay and expense involved. When grading began near Bedford, and it was authorita tively announced that a tunnel contract through the Mullan pass had been let, even this was construed to be only an il lusion to blind the people on this side while the main purpose continued un changed to build the main line by way of the Deer Lodge pass and city. And now' that men are actually at work on the tun nel and the machinery to excoriate the mountain is in their very sight, still it is thought to be only carrying the play an other step to deceive us the more effectu ally. The statements of President Yillard in Oregon and of Vice President Oakes in St. Paul were no more than the loose talk of men who were not posted. They had not seen Keith then. But we are told further that Nature has not only settled the question, but^the company is bound by its own location made before the sur veys were run and compared. In addition to that we are assured that no company of sane men w'ould let slip the chance to get an extra million acres of land by taking a longer route. According to this theory the longer and crookeder the road can be made the better. It never seems to have occurred to these critics that the directors w r ere building the Northern Pacific road to run, and that, too, as a competitor with several others, as the most favorable route from ocean to ocean. To save forty miles of distance is something of an item, when we count that before many years at least twenty trains a day will pass over the line, and this multiplied by the days in a year and the years in a century w'ould make an item large enough to fill the vision of even a short-sighted man. A glance at the map ought to suffice to convince any one that unless a more south ern exit than by way of Pen d'Oreille Lake could be found, it was out of the question to go so far south as the Deer Lodge pass. Our only fear any of the time was that it would go north ot us as far as the mouth of Sun river, take the pass at the head of that river, and go down the Big Blackfoot. If in the future the pres ent location is ever changed it will, we are quite sure, go further north instead of south. We really think even the original board of directors had higher views and purposes in constructing the line than merely to go through the Deer Lodge pass. It is deeply to be regretted that the pass was situated so far south, and still more that the town of Deer Lodge was not down at the mouth of the Little Blackfoot. It is perhaps owing to the quite natural fear of the original locators of being too near Hell Gate. Railroad Ripples. The Northern Pacific has reached Cotton wood creek, about tw enty miles east of Miles City. Track laying continues, and construc tion trains are expected to reach Miles early in December. The Northern Pacific will complete this month their new line from the Northern Pa cific Junction through Superior City to Du luth, and will also this winter extend their line down the southern shore of the lake to Ashland. Air. Gropper demands $400 to admit the narrow-gauge branch across his ground in the vicinity of Butte. The Inter Mountain states that the committee having the right of-way matter in charge are short $1,100, and that some active rustling is going on to raise the funds. The Utah & Northern has the Butte branch dow n to a point near Rocker, about 3£ miles from Summit Station. Should the weather hold good the track will be completed to the Butte Station, a mile and a half from the city, this season. The "Y" at Silver Bow has been evened up, and cars and engines are faced about with safety and speed. WESTERN MAIL SERVICE. In the course of a leading article treat ing of the Western mail service, the Salt Lake Tribune observes : The rule of the Post Office Department in the East seems now to be to curtail mail routes in the West in every possible way. The last noted is the cutting down of the route between Helena and Missoula in Montana, and the saving of some $12,000 per annum to the government. This par ticular reduction may be proper, though the route is a most important one, and with the building of the roads in progress there, will, next year, be still more important. In this matter the authorities should go verv slow'. The United States mail is a public necessity and should be made a public convenience. As the postal requirements in the Far West become better known, it is believed the department will respond to them not in a narrow' but in a liberal spirit. The Territories in particular, where new' set tlements and communities are continu allv springing into existence, need the generous assistance of the Government with respect to new' mail routes and addi tional postal service. In its correction of abuses, w'hicli doubtless in numerous in stances have crept into the service, the de partment has acted with deliberation and caution in this quarter. No hardship thus far has been visited upon the people of Montana except in a few minor cases. The cutting down of the service on the Helena and Missoula route, involving a slower service if carried into effect, will, it is thought, be reconsidered after the people's petitions have been heard. The route, as the Tribune says, is an important one, and daily growing more and more so, owing to the rapid construction of rail roads, the hundreds and thousands of em ployes gathering in labor hordes along the Northern Pacific, and the growth of towns and settlements daily served by the route. It is wise for Government to foster the Territories and adopt a liberal policy to ward the pioneers reclaiming the western wilds to settlement and civilization. Not alone are these distant communities inter ested in frequent and expeditious mails, but the great marts of the East and West, with w'hicli the Territories have extensive business connections, are concerned in nearly equal degree. Wherever there are fraudulent or swindling performances, they should be promptly dealt with. Wherever there are honest performances they should be protected, and the service sustained to the full of all public needs. Board of Trade. The usefulness of the Helena Board of, Trade for the four years of its existence has been demonstrated on more occasions than one, aud its brief history is a record of tri umplis in favor of the interests of Helena, aud largly contributing to the interests of 1 the whole people of Montana in the single effort to overcome the prejudices of the au- : thorities at Washington on the lumber aud timber question in the Territories. Taking the history of the Board for a criterion and considering its range of usefulness in the future by that of its past achievements, it is not hard to prove that it will continue to be one of our most useful institutions. The ex tent of its influence may be increased in proportion to the number of its membership and their willingness to frequent the appoint ed meetings for business. When it is con sidered that the organization has cost no man more than five dollars per year, and that it is out of debt after an expenditure of its means for the general good, it may be readily seen how efficacious it can be made with twice its membership and an increased interest in its aims and meetings. The only resources of the Board are from its annual memberships, which for the last year have not been sufficient in addition to other ob jects of outlay to publish the third volumn of its transactions. The third annual report of the Board of Trade will be ready for pub lication when the membership will assure sufficient means in addition to the current expenses. That it is necessary to publish the annual reports of the Board, the useful ness of the first reports may be cited for the data and and information they gave to dis tant readers of the desirableness and re sources of Montana. The time for the con tinuance of the Board by annual election is close at hand, (the first Monday of Decem ber,) and it is deemed a fitting time to urge upon our readers the importance of establish ing for another year this valuable institution of our citizens. With the advent of rail roads may come additional opportunities for the Board to wield an influence for the gen eral good that cannot be done by the work of one man or tw o. If much has been done by the limited means of the Board with its membership at one hundred or less, what may it not be able to accomplish w ith a membership of two hundred ? A little effort on the part of committees of the Board, and a determination vy our citizens to sustain a useful, vigorous business proposition, will with one day's united effort enroll two hun dred members of the Helena Board of Trade. Virginia City Items. [Madisonian, November 19th.j The district court will probably continue iu session throughout next week. The Chi nese trials and that of Powers for killing Van Brockling, are the only criminal cases on the docket. Surveyor Page, having completed his sur vey for the government in the lower Yellow stone country, returned to Verginia City with his party last week. The expedition was a very succesful one, over one thousand miles of line having been run. One of our best informed quartz miners predicts that, within two years after the building of a railway up the Ruby valley, the gulches tributary to it will send over the line more ore and bullion than is now being shipped from Butte. The grand jury was discharged for the term on Wednesday Among other matters, the jury indicted H. C. Powers for murder m the first degree, for killing A. H. Van Brockling. The accused was allowed until 2 p m. on Friday (yesterday)to plead. Col. J. E. Callaway has been retained to assist the district attorney in the prosecution. Hons. H. N. Blake and Samuel Word will appear for the defendant. Thrown from a Horse---A Narrow E>. cape. [Eureka (Nevada) Sentinel, November 4th ] Yesterday about noon Blaine Walker and Mrs. O. J. Salisbury, his sister, started from the Jackson House corner on horseback for a ride to Secret Canyon, where Mr*. Sal isbury was to meet her husband, at the Ged des & Bertrand mine, and return with him in the afternoon. She was hardly i n q 1(1 saddle before her horse bolted away at full speed, making for the stage stables where he is kept. Mr. Walker followed as close as he could prudently, for he was afraid of still further exciting the runaway by getting too near him in pursuit. Mrs. Salisbury 0 is a magnificent horsewoman, and would have re tained her place in the saddle had her frac tious beast run into the stable, whither he was headed, but just as he was about to make a turn into the yard a Chinaman, w ork ing on the premises, appeared at the entrance. This started the animal and brought him to an instantaneous halt. Mrs. Salisbury, not anticipating such a shock, and being en tirety unprepared for it, was hurled over his head and dumped violently into a ditch, that is some seven or eight feet deep. She fell, altogether, at least 12 feet. There must have been a special God on duty for her pres ervation on this occasion, for she not only had no bones broken, but was taken out of the ditch by her brother without a bruise or a scratch. Air. Walker, of course, was great ly alarmed, and pressiug a light wagon that was passing by into immediate service, brought his sister as quickly as possible back to the Jackson House. Dr. Williams was hastily summoned to the patient (if not misapplied) but he found that the lady was not hurt at all, and that she sustained no harm more serious than a nervous shock. Miles City Items. [Yellowstone Journal Nov. 12th.J Over one hundred residences have been added to our town during the past summer. Five thousand dollars, it is said was left for investment in Miles City property, by officers from Fort Keogh. An unusual large number of pilgrims ar rived this week. Most of them are specula tors. Now is a good time to come. The wonderful growth after the railroad has been a year with us that can be appreciated. We were informed by some one that every pound of the government freight for both the Missiouri and Yellowstone rivers has been moved and not a pound is left which arrived prior to the expiration of the govern ment contract. (Bismarck Tribune) The railroad track has reached Plummer s Ranch, eighteen miles from Aides City. Custer county bonds have at last l>ceu issued per order of the county commissioners. The delay and trouble caused by litigation, etc., have surely created considerable detri ment to our county's interest. A considerable amount of ties are still in Tongue river. It is probable that they will not be needed uutil the road reaches this point. The railroad is expected about December 10th if the present line weather continues. Some cases of sickness are reported. Aides is certainly a very healthy town and if it was not for the too frequent use of firearms, no graveyard would be required. Benton Brevities. [River Press, November 16th.j The Shonkiu round-up has concluded its work and disbanded. The number of calves branded is about the same as last year. The Alarias round-up commenced opera tions on Alonday of last week. The present condition of the weather indicates that they are a little behind time. Mr. Paul, who has located a farm of 640 acres near Twenty-eight Aide springs, is very much pleased with his location, and proposes in the spring to bring with him from his old home in Iowa several families who will set tle in the same neighborhood. Al. Shaw, a freighter, met with quite a severe accident last week at the Niue Able coulee, on the Barker road. He was thrown from his seat, falling beneath the wheels of his heavy wagon aud narrowly escaping with his life. The injured man was brought to Benton as soon as possible, and is still lying quite ill at the Overland. He is improving, however. --- ---- . -- . Meagher County. [Husbandman Nov. 17th] Sam. Snider is in town this week. He did so well on his shipment of thoroughbred bucks this season that he will bring out a bout 300 next year. The large quantity of grain brought oyer from the Missouri valley is awakening quite an interest on the subject of a direct road from this place to that valley, and we believe it will be built by private enterprise another season if the county father's continue to manifest their stoical indifference. Our stock men are pulling hard for a light winter, although they were never so well fixed to get tlieir stock through even though it should prove severe. The range being short a heavy fall of snow that would lie for any considerable length of time might prove disastrous to our cattle interests. Helena and Benton Survey. [River Press.] Last week our people were reminded ot tu» approach of the railroad by the distribution of a number of excursion bills ; a few day: ago, however, we had a more forcible re minder of the fact, viz : the advent ot tin railroad engineers. On. Friday Air. Hiltoi and his corps of assistants reached Bentou having completed their survey from neai Helena via the Missouri river valley. Mon day the party returned to Helena, having re ceived instructions to report at the terrain 11 ' of the railroad. As this is only a preliminary survey it is not at all certain that the ri' eI route will be adopted. It would assure« 1 .' be more difficult of construction than tin other proposed route, by way of the Helen 1 and Beaton road. LIST OF LETTERS ris and Remaining in the Post Office at Helena, Lew Clarke County, Montana Territory, on the of November, 1881. When called for plea "advertised." Atkinson Jas L Bartlett Rubin Baiuge Jno Been Jno Beilis C D Bower Orliue Bright W Browu Harry Buruett Chas, 2 Crary \VII Croiu J Cram C G Croust C F Crawford T Dunn Alary A Dieckmau Gus. Eewards Maggie I> Finley J J Fant E E. Gruser A Goodwin E S Gibson Hiram Giles Jas Garrow' Frank Gedlune Jas Henderson Geo. Hunt J J Jackson J Jenette Eli Jenkins Wm B Keenan AI ich Kilkenny Peter Keene Air Laharity James Mackey James At Alattes J A Alyler Boone Alartinique L B Alitchell Edgar AIcKain Mr AIcGregor AJ ex Alitchell E E Price Alat Roach Jno B Reynolds MaO Sherman C - M1 ' Sweeney E« Triplett 8am Weber AI » Zeigler Jake R. E. FISK. Fo-' 1 tma»l er -