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æm VA w n Volume xvii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 26, 1883. No. Ill f PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORXIXG. -O Terms of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year...........................................................$4 00 Six Months.............. 2 00 Hostage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: City Subscribers, delivered by carrier, Ç1 50 a month One Year, by mail...........................................§12 00 six Months, ü 00 Chany es of address will be made promptly and cheerfully, but requests MUST pire the post office PKOM as well as the one TO which such change is de sired, in order to receive attention. Ætf'All communications should be addressed to FISK BKOS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. THE MORTGAGE ON THE FARM. \Yc worked through spring and winter, through summer and through fall ; Hut t—e mortgage worked the hardest and the st eadiest of us all ; It worked on nights and Sundays; it worked each holiday ; It settled down among us and never went away. Whatever we kept from it seemed almost as bad as theft ; It watched us every minute, and it ruled us right and left. The rust and blight were with us sometimes, and sometimes not ; The dark-browed, scowling mortgage was forever on the spot. The weavil and the cut-worm, they went as well came ; The mortgage staid on forever, eating hearty all the same. It nailed up every window, stood guard at every door, \nd happiness and sunshine made their home with us no more, Till with failing crops and sickness we got stalled upon the grade. And there came a dark day on us when the 'inter est wasn't paid ; Vnd there came a sharp foreclosure, and I kind o' lost my hold, And grew weary and discouraged, and the farm was cheaply sold. The children left and scattered when they hardly yet was grown ; My wife she pined and perished, an' I found my self alone. What she died of was ''a mystery," and tliedoetors never knew : Hut I know she died of mortgage—just as well as I wanted to. If to trace a hidden sorrow were within the doc tor's art, They'd ha' found a mortgage lying on that wo man's broken heart. Worm or beetle, drouth or tempest, on a farmer's ! 'ami may fall, . j vss ruination trust a mortgage Kamst I Hut or first-el them all. THE RING'S MOTTO. \ lover gave the wedding ring Into the goldsmith's hand. "(irave me," he said, "a tender thought Within the golden band." The goldsmith graved, With careful art— "Till Death us part." The wedding hell rang gladly out, The husband said, "O, wife. Together we shall share the grief. The happiness of life. I give to thee, My hand, my heart, Till Deatli us part." Twas she that lifted now liis hand, iO, love, that this should be !) Then on it placed the golden band, And whispered tenderly : • "Till Death us join, I.o, thou art mine Amt I am thine! And when Death joins we never more Shall know an ac hing heart The bridal ofthat better love Death lias no power to part. That troth will be For thee and inti Eternity." So up the hill and down the hill, Through fifty changing years. They shared each other's happiness, They dried each other's tears. Alas! alas! That Death's cold dart Such love ean part ! Hut one sad day she stood alone Beside his narrow bed ; She drew the ring from oil' her hand And to the goldsmith said : "Oh, man, who graved With careful art, 'Til! Death us part. 5 Now grave four other words for me "Till Death us join.'" lietook The precious golden hand once more. With solemn, wistful look. And wrought with care, For love, not coin, ' Till Death us join." Th» Nutritive Properties of Rice. I j i I ; ! i , 1 j I I ! j ! The increase in the consumption of rice lias lately attracted the attention of several men of science in Germany, and among other investigations, according to the Lancet, an attempt lias been made by Professor \oit to discover the relative capacity which va rious forms of nourishment possess ot being incorporated into the system. He lias drawn up the following table of the percentage which remains which leaves it : the body, and of that Percentage Percentage which is I neoporated. not retained Meat............. ..... '»6.7 • ).D Rice.............. .....96.1 :i.9 Eggs............. .....94.8 f>.2 AY kite bread... .....94.4 .).(> Maize............ 6.7 Potatoes......... .....90.7 9.3 11.1 Milk............. flack bread....... 11.5 , : ! I ! : I According to these results (tlie Bremer Handelsblatt remarks), meat and rice leave the smallest amount of residuum, and occa sion the smallest excessive exertion to the , j ! digestion, and, in fact, introduce the mini-, mum quantity of ballast into frame. Dr the fact of „ on rice is easily accounted for ; and the human -----to r. König Muniter, considers that ' large masses of population m ing 1 a iU sum . ming up the information collected upon the | subject, Professor Voit remarks that potatoes, when consumed in excessive quantity, tail to nourish the frame effectively, make the blood ii-nl 1 .1 iLn m tio/tlna Wflftlr V DJI F t I watery, and render the muscles weak. Apart i from the subject dealt with in the table ; drawn up by Professor Voit, the questiou ol 9 the relative nutritive value of rice and pota- j toes has been investigated by Dr. König, who is of the opinion that if similar quantities of both articles are compared, the former possesses four times the value of the latter iu really nutritive properties. It is also re marked that the introduction of rice as a su ) stitute for potatoes is facilitated by the fact that no such variation takes place 111 lt8 quality as is the case with the potato, which is liable to be materially influenced by the effects of unfavorable weather. 00 00 00 00 and de LIFE IN TENNESSEE. A Sample Colonel and His Righteous Indignation. Not long since a drummer who was de tained for a few days in the town of Lebanon Tenn., gave us an account of how he amused himself while he was there. The lock of his gripsack needed repairs, and he took it to a gunsmith to have it repaired. The drum mer was sitting behind the counter, when a leading citizen entered with a gun, which he threw down on the counter with great in dignation. "What do you mean by giving me this kind of a gun when I go out for a little shooting ?" demanded the leading citizen. "Why, Colonel, that gun is the newest patent breech-loader," replied the gunsmith. "Then your powder is no account." "Colonel, I loaded that gun myself, and I put in the best powder in the shop." "Well, all I know is I had to shoot twice i at Major McPelter before he keeled over, the as all o' I That's the only time I've failed to bring my man down with the first barrel. I killed my brother-in-law, Judge Smith, and his nephew, Sam Randle, at one shot at seventy-five yards, and neither of 'em kicked, and only three days ago I dropped a book agent in his tracks. There must be something wrong about that gun. I feel the disgrace keenly of having to shoot twice at one man." "I don't understand it," replied the gun maker, meditatively, as he examined the j " T " OT1A " "It s the same gun Bob White weapon plugged the city marshal with last week, and Bob is not much of a shot. He hadn't shot a man for six weeks before that, and was out of practice, but he fetched his man all the same. in "I don't think you put in enough I powder. When I go to the inquest, which will, be in half an hour," said the Colonel, looking j enough in the gun through his body." drive bullets jure me with my customers, who are the best 1 people in the town. I tell you what 1 wish ! you would do. Colonel. I wish you would j give this gun another trial." I ° The Colonel rubbed his chin and replied: I "I would like to do it for my satisfaction, j but I can't remember just now of anybody i having insulting me lately. I haven't got a I living man to shoot. Maj. McPelter was the ; last man upon the list. I wish somebody would dispute my word. Perhaps you feel ! touched by something I may have said." i "Oh, no, Colonel, you are right about the , gnn," responded the gunsmith. ' I thought, perhaps, you found somet.iiug 1 personal in my remarks about the gun.' | j "Not a bit ot it. I "Ihen perhaps you have some enemy who has been exasperating you. If so," said the ; Colonel, putting a cartridge in the gun, "I j will try the gun beiore I go to the inquest. ' The gunsmith pondered over the proposi- , tion and finally said: ! I wish I hadn t shot the rival gunsmith ! over the way day before yesterday. He ! ^ would have come in handy now it he hadn t ; died, poor fellow, just when he did. I might I insult Bill Tompkins and shoot him, but he I ! gets his amunition here, and always pays for ; it, so it dont look quite right to shoot him j j off-hand." | The two men were very much puzzled ! how to find the victim. They suggested ; several names, but there seemed to be some j reason why each and every one of them ; should not be sacrificed. All at once the : drummer saw the gunsmith wink at the ; Colonel, and point with his thumb behind , the counter in his direction. Before the Col nilpl mille! Pfltoll on. tVlft tftrrilicd (iriinilllGr ! onel could catch on, the terrified drummer ! slid out through the side door, andmade good his escape. "Tragedy of the Sparrows." [Boston Globe.] The following "Tragedy of the Sparrows" was written by a little boy but lb years of age. He had noticed in the proceedings of the Legislature that an effort was to he made to annihilate the English sparrows. A day or two after in passing along a walk in the __ ^ _ _______ ___ brb , bt iy 0 n the melting common, near the head of Temple Place, he saw one of these little birds hanging by a , striDg dead from a limb, and. putting the two circumstances together, wrote the fol- ; lowing : It was a february day. The sun shone : snow and little streams of water trickled down every little , crevice they could find. But now for the : story. On the snow a pair of little English ! sparrows were hopping about to see what I they could find for dinner. "Mother," said ! the lather sparrow, "as I perched upon the Big gold mountain (State House dome) I : heard voices, and listening, I heard one say : I 'Mr. Speaker, my only objection to this bill is that it will make the boys of this State j very cruel.' Then another voice said : 'Mr ______ , Speaker, I agree with Mr. B entirely, but as tlie English sparrow is very trouble- ; j some and annoying, I move that the bill be passed.' All the rest said so. too. My heart | ! beat very hard, and I flew to where I had I warn you to keep as you can. : left you, and here I am. the children in doors as much Good-bye now. I must go Cliippee, but I shall be back Ah, poor little Pee-dee. He these were the last words be s his little wife, but by the time he had j warne d Mr. Chippy the bill under the gold in 1 moun tain was passed and proclaimed, and as ; be dew obeer i]y home to supper a boy with | a emel sling shot stretched him out still and in dead As his wife flew over to Chippy's j house to call her husband home to supper , she saw her dear little mate stretched out. I <• »a! A' i Ar»l aco QRn i f rozen 8 t ar k dead and motionless. She 1 ; dew to tbe nearest tree, took a piece of 9 t r ing, tied it around her neck and dropped off the bough. She swings there still in the wind, and it you go there some cold, windy night the wind will tell you the story over again. j od - tbe bo ugh. She swings there still in the - • — ^ --- -- ! First duffer—"You say you have met me before, and I have an impression that I have but what a remarkable coincidence !' it! a a DOWN IN A WELL. j we ii, and ft so happened" that Jack's old blind horse was near by with a bell on his j An Old Georgian's Fright and First At tempt at Prayer. [Montezuma, (Ga.,) Weekly.] I For twenty years an old man of our coun ty, whom we will call Jack Baldwin, has cultivated the soil and drawn therefrom a support for himself and wife; he is childless. Not long since Jack left his house in search of a missing cow. His route led him through an old worn out piece of clay land, of about six acres in extent, in the center of which was a well, about twenty or thirty feet deep, that at sometime had probably furnished the inmates of a dilapidated house near by with water. In passing the spot an ill wind drifted Jack's hat from his head and mali ciously wafted it to the edge of the well and in it tumbled. Now Jack had always practiced the virtue of economy, and he im mediately set about recovering his hat. He ran to the well, and finding it was dry at the bottom, he unrolled the rope which he had brought for the purpose of capturing the cow, and after several atlempts to catch the hat with a noose, he concluded to save time by going down into the well himself. To accomplish this he made fast one end of the rope to a stump on his way down fact of which Jack reader hereof—that whom we will call Neal. Neal was in the old building and saw Jack go down into the neck. The devil himself, or some other evil spirit, put it into Neal's head to have a little fun ; so he slipped up to the old blind horse, unbuckled the strap and ap proached the well with the bell in his I band> ting-a-ling. Jack thought the old h 0rse wa s coming, and said in an audible j tone ; "Hang the"old blind horse, he's coinin' more sense But and Jack was resting at the bottom of the well. "Great ; Jerusalem!" said Jack, "the old blind fool • ii t • i j i n • _ i 1 thought Ball was about to come, got close to the side of the well be gan to pray : "Oh, Lord, have mercy on— i der ! whoa, farewell worked." Neal could hold in no longer and showed | himself at the top of the well, with a big hoarse laugh, which might have been heard ^vo miles. This was more than Jack could ; bear and be star ted up the rope like a j m onkev. "Blast your pictures, I'll give you ßts; I'll make your ears ring worse'an that , be ]] > Neal took to his heels and ran like a ! quarter horse, and the last that was seen of ! b j m be was ba ]f a mile from the well, with ! ^ wo b jg do g S g rabb j D g a t his coat, and Jack j ; vvas c ] ose behind him, yelling at the dogs. j —---------►--- I Touching Incident. ; [Providence Journal.] j About 10 o'clock'Tuesday evening three | persons stood together unuer a gas light on ! High street. A few doors adjacent was a : ; saloon, and through its half open door came 1 j snatches of coarse laughter and licentious ; ; song, interjected with occasional oaths. Of : the three figures standing near at hand, one i ; was a man apparently of middle age, well ; , formed, and bearing upon his bleared and ! rum-suffused countenance memories of bet ! rlavc Atlipr Iwr» wuro fumolo a i XI y |Cc« X>dil. jee !—what'll I do?—name. Now I lay me down to si—jee Ball, out of your livers! (just then in fell more dirty. Back, Ball, Oh, Lord, if yon ever intend to do anything forme—back, Ball, whoa, ho! Tby king-, dom come—jee, Ball." ; "Oh, Lord, you kuow I was baptized-in ! Smith's mill dam—whoa, Ball, liol'up ! mur-' ter days. The other two were female, ap parently his wife and daughter. llie face j ot the elder woman was pale and anxious, while that of the younger was pitiful and j sad Only fragments ot their coversation con d be heard, but it was clearly evident ! that the wife was eagerly imploring the par- j tially imbruted husband to go home with ! them, but lie refused, and tried in a maudlin . ... . , ,. way to induce them to leave him alone. Just then there came merrily trooping | around the corner close at hand a group ol | young people of both sexes, who were evi- ! young people of both sexes, who were evi- 1 , dently returning from some festival or enter- 1 tainment. As the party came into High ; street, they commenced singing, crossing the 1 street. Their voices, well blended, poured ! : forth a flood of harmony on the still night ! ody came floating back upon the ears of the ! listeners, referred ed. - _ ' ... _ I gether. man What was lie thinking of ? What hidden 1 chord of memory had been thus evoked j within him—even through the blinding daze ................'' „ 1V , ucll u »ucu with mother, wife and child at his own and their fireside a sober, trusted, self-reliant of the past—how he behaved himself now in contrast to what he had been; and with out a word of further parleying he allowed the two waiting ones to slip their arms with in his own, and quiet as a lamb he went l with his own flesh to their home; and the ' f* three disappeared into the shadowy night to he walking uncertainly, but uttering no J T17L. _ a . 1 3 "I 1 • . i r. word. What had moved him thns? What was it that had touched his heart as with à magician's wand, causing the unseen tears to surge up within his soul as they had not be fore, perhaps, for years? It was not much, but it was enough ; for the merry group was singing "Home, Sweet Home." surge up within his sonl as they had not be <•------■*-— ----- " _____ f ________________ man, but when somebody takes my tooth to "No," he said, "I'm not a bad tempered ' as it! at DEVOTEES TO PALMISTRY. : The Latest Fashionable Freak in the - Feminine World. I Cincinnati Enquirer.] People returning from the more fashiona ble watering places, and especially people who have had opportunity to mingle in the more elevated walks of fashionable society abroad this summer, are bringing back with them the latest novelty in fashionable occu pation and amusement—amateur palmistry. Ladies of high social rank have taken up the gypsy science of telling fortunes and charac ter by the hand, and have made it a great social success. Ladies who are skilled in it become regular sibyls at evening entertain ments, and young men who never excelled in anything else are able to excel in this delicate and pleasurable occupation, which admits of taking a lady's hand and holding it as long as desirable, and saying things which could not possibly be said under any other circumstances. Instances are spoken of where young men of tact have told ladies fortunes so well that they have been able to claim for good the hand they held for a little while, and in whose lines they managed to j to find their own fate defined ed to them. It is not hard to tell fortunes ' by the hand, and no one need be a gypsy I queen to be able to do it. Hands are divided ! into three different kinds. Those with round ; pointed fingers, those with square tips, and those that are spade-shaped, with pods of flesh on each side of the nail. The first type, ; with round-pointed finders, belong to char- ' acters with quick perception, extra sensitive, to very pious people, to contemplative minds, to the impulsive, and to all poets and artists who have ideality as a prominent trait. The second type, those that are square-shaped, belongs to scientific people to sensible self- ' contained characters and the class of profes ; sional men who are neither visionary nor al- j together sordid. The third type, those that : s ___a „ ____a a ~ a* A3 u - A- it. „ I people who have a genius what pertains to bodily use and comfort, Each finger, no matter what kind of a hand utility before beauty. If they are nearly alike, and especially if the length of the fingers equals the length of the palm, it in dicates a well-balanced mind. The princi pal lines on the hand are the lines of life, which runaround the base of the thumb; the line of the head, which begins alongside the line of life, crossing the middle of the palm, and the line of the heart, which goes from one s i de of the hand to the other at the base of the fingers. A long and well-defined line of the head promises intellectual power, and a pole fine means indecision. A good-looking line of the heart augurs well for the owner's hap piness. If it sends short lines toward the line of the head it is taken to mean that the love of that person will only be given to those who have earned their respect. Such are a few of the points of the science which this winter nearly every one in intelligent social circles will be practicing and talking UvtllCoL HIC I/ill 111 olulIU" 1U1 HiC DUU V « lilv | middle division represents mind, and the j highest joint spirit of soul If the top joint < tia longer than the others it denotes charac- i "ter with too much imagination, great ideali- j ty, and of leaning toward the theoretical | rather than the practical. When the mid- ! die joint of the finger is long it promises a I logical, calculating mind—a very common j c sense kind of a person—and when the lowest j joint is the longest it indicates a nature that clings more to the luxuries than to the re finements of life, a mind that looks for the j in is a bont. Timber chute a iimutr uiuit. . A railroad and timber chute, for which the j surveys are completed, is about to be con- j ig structed at Ankeny s landing a few miles be- ; ti low Cathlamet, \V aslnngton Territory, which is oneot the most extensive if not the largest work of the kind ever undertaken in this i . rr , • , . . n(1 , . , region Thu bluff at this point rises <00 feet, above the level of the river, and on the top j b ol this is being constructed a railroad which . is intended to tap the timbered lands in that ! is intended to tap the timbered lands in that | section, and which will be extended back from time to time as the timber along its ; line becomes exhausted. A 15 ton locomotive for this road has been purchased in the east j by Geo. AVeidler, and is now on its way here, At the end of this road an immense chute is to be constructed, down which the logs are ■ to be sent to the river. This chute is over ; ___ . ____ . .. . i ___ behind, so that no obstruction will interfere ; with the free passage of tlie logs. The fail j in the chute for the first 100 feet will be 30 j feet ; for the next TOO feet at the grade of 67 j aQ .......... ' ' u«ijai:iuigi»iuu»-uui & nm maw cal curves, so that the logs may hug the j our chute during the entire descent. An exten- j profitable one : and cal Mr. Burning a Light All Night. It is weli to remember that a burning \ am P> M 08 or other light, is taking oxygen j rom R' e a ' r of a sleeping room and adding j to the stale and exhausted condition of the air - Pe °0 le ' w ' bo are afraid to sleep in a nritVt ytt i n nf r»l onto 013/1 XKT Vl <A Vpf DATY1 1-0010 witb growiag plants, and who yet com posedly shut themselves up until morning ; with a low burning gaslight, should listen to Professor GoOdale, of Massachusetts, who says it takes about five hundred plants to ! from giye out as much carbonic acid as one taper doe8 —i n other words, one burning candle j will reduce the freshness of the air as much | in as a small greenhouse in one's bedroom. 1 a , he "Madam," he began, as he lifted his hat j head. at the front door, "I am soliciting for home : bnt charities. We have hundreds of poor, ragged 1 and vicions children like those at your gate, I and oar object is-." •* ! of THE VIOLIN'S VOICE. Dying Child. [Belgravia.] The dark angel of death was standing out side the musican's door, for little Annita, Maestro Narditti's child, was fading away ; no tears, no prayers could avail, not even Carissima's lovelv voice. - A Pathetic Story of a Musician and a Carissima's voice was hushed now ; the ! Maestro had no heart to take up his dearly ; loved violin and play to sooth his sorrow, as j he had done many years ago. when his wife died and left this little one behind. Heaven had given him the divine gift of; genius, and had bidden him call aloud to ; the world. So Carissima and he had played : together through sickness and sorrow and j success, and through all the changing scenes of life they had been faithful friends. They had just come back from the crowd ed hall ; the people said that never before had the maestro played so beautifully, and that never before had the violin's voice sounded so mournfully and pathetic. Well, you see, they did not know the rea- ! son; but we do, for both were thinking of the little dying girl, and how could their ! ' s >^ e - I* 11 * she sa hi •' I 'Do not ^weep ; sing to me—sing me to ! sleep, lor I am so weary, dear lather, and ; tbe evening has been so long without thee, Then he rose and played to her, and she closed her eyes and listened happily to Cans ; simas voice. It sang a song without words ' —the music alone told the tale—of a pure young life, too pure for earth, and therefore to be taken away to that fair land where only the good and pure and true dwell. Yet it was hard to leave the earth, harder still to ! leave the dear ones behind and to know that ' would be desolate, and here the \io bn s \oice sobbed and trembled as it from j s °r row > and the melody became sadder and : s °ft e r, as it describing the very parting I wnu*il WftS SOOF 1 to take Dlaee. then the lin ■ play again !" Once more he raised his bow on high, and | . " , . . ...... . .. Y.*i l j W1 de, an d amul thisi jubilant strain the child < bas Passed away Mith the angel of death. i cTgarw. j ___ * | Chambers' Journal contains the following:,., ! The tobacco trade, possibly has more mys- ! I teries than any other in this age of commer j c j a i'immorality. It is almost as difficult to j purcbaso a good cigar promiscuously in j . Havana as it is in London ; unless you know | +he ritrbt slion to iro to vou are as likelv to j bav Whitechapel and Bremen abominations, ! exported from Europe for the purpose and ; put up in the most orthodox "Habana" boxes. ; ' Iu Vera Cruz you may buy cigars for five | shillings a hundred, which the venders, for a ! few cents extra, will pack and label with the • name of some famous brand. So they will in Port Plataor San Domingo. So they used to in Brazil, but Bahian and other Brazilian cigars have now made their own name and have established an honorable claim to be s considered among the best cheap cigars in s the world. It is impossible to get an inex-; pensive good cigar in Cuba itself; the best brands are never exported, for few people j here would care to give half a crown or three shillings apiece for their "smoke," j which the wealthy Cuban, who smokes them | soft and green, wrapping them in oiled silk to 1 ? preserve their flavor, pays on the spot. There j is much in a name. Thousands of excellent j ^ weeds are made in Germany and England from good raw tobacco imported for the pur- ! nnoa Vmi if tur,ni a norm. Ha 1 a Affor -fimm fAr pose, but it would never do to offer them for sale as British or German produce. What a . harm lies in the words "Vuelto \baio"to j ]je read on r ci Ws , y ue lto Abajo j ig n district betwe en Havana and San- . ; ti consisting of a few acres of land only, nc ^ - n posse g S j on ot - two or three of the . , . . t1 jçi„ nr i flr ,fi nmhablv ■ i . .. . - ' . -.a i not an atom of the tobacco—noted for its ricbness _ which is gr0W n there finds its wav ! b nd their own air . tigbt blad der cigar- ; f , ~ .1 £ poucnes ' or ul0St Ir >cnus. ^ o ~~ Leadership of Educated Men. --- [New York Herald, April 2 .] ^ r - George A\ illiam Curtis spoke an hour aud a halt last evening to an audience thatj crowded the Second Unitarian church, oi Brooklyn, (Rev. John V» r . Chadwick) to con- j vincc them that all great movements for the s ___ « _ /v*' ! leadership lost control, and .Marat became M en ' us aa( l type ot the movement. Ire land's apostle and tutelar saint was a scholar, j aQ d s ^ e found her best and wisest lead- ; j^ -----* 1 *" ; --------- ! .._ . -, our day and nation, Mr. Curtis said that the popular political maximsjire, "Beät the devil and the gutter." This was our present polit- ; cal wisdom, and the resnlts were familiar, Mr. Curtis asserted that it was the educated , element in our politics which was the first to : de break the machine, and which had rescued j New Y ork from Tweed, Curtis said : In conclusion, Mr. am Take away from this country at this mo- j dry ment the educated power in politics—the his power which is contemned as romantic and sentimental—and you would take from the army its General, from the ship its compass, from national action its yioral mainspring." ; and -• -----; While a doctor was visiting a sick woman j a in Rowlandsville, Pa., two children poured ! law. pint of molasses into his silk hat, which i doah he did't notice until he put the tile on his ! head. Language cannot describe his feeling, J bets bnt it is said he will petition the next Leg- ' man lature to pass a bill making it a criminal Befo' offense for a child to be born under 12 years j of age. ; SANITARY ASPECT OF DRESS. Effect of Fashionable Clothing on the Health of the Wearers. At the British Sanitary Congress held at Newcastle, a paper by Dr. Allred Carpenter was read on the ''Sanitary Aspect of Dress." He held that the work which rightly be longed to the Sanitary Institute included everything which had reference to the house ! and its surroundings. Surveying the social ; points associated with health questions, he j insisted that the subject of clothing should have full consideration. There was a field of sanitary work in which the law had little influence, and that was in the way of clothing ; for the public. If, he said. Parliament were : to rule that imprisonment should follow the j wearing of the "chimney-pot" hat the pris ons in the country would be insufficient to ! tolerated the tall hat that institution would flourish. But the day would come wluu the ! "chimney-pot" would disappear, even from contain those who would suffer martyrdom sooner than give up its use. Fortunately the days were gone when the liberty of the subject in such matters was interfered with by the law ; but there was a power much greater than the law, and so long as '■society" schools considered "snobbish" not to wear the tall hat, and in the same way the Eton jacket and the Stock Exchange dress were prescribed by a custom from which none de part. The "custom" and "lashion" might be unhealthy; but the votaries did not know it, and there was no school to teach il, and fashion ignored the teachings of common sense. Hence it was necessary the congress and the institute should deal with this sub ject and influence the public opinion respect ! ing barbarous customs in regard to clothing which continued to flourish and bear civtl fruit in a thousand diflerent ways, which produced an immense amount of disease and misery among those who were scarcely aware of the mischief which they had hrnne/ht, n nrm nr nanepil nthnv brought upon themselves or caused other to suffer. first directed attention to the foot, and ■ o«,v» ..hat not one half of the population had really natural feet. The cause was not far to seek, for parents were forgetful of the fact wearing any kind of boot at all than to have the muscles wasted, the bones distorted, and the joints perverted in their action in the way in which it was the custom now to do among high and low, rich and poor. . . A . . .. . _ . ^ , ! Referring to high heels and pointed toes, he sau * certainly argued a low taste and a weak intellect when such things as j . these w ^ e worn the ^' ho as Pired to | be . considered as a "queen ol society and wbo wisbef \ 10 m ake a sensation among her ! f ellow8 - Hl » h heels and pointed toes must mtereiere ; 1UIC1C1CIC exercist N must make ; ' veareis sutler from want of muscular exer | therefore must lay the foundation ! ol a . those diseases which spring iro in dys • P e P sia aud.ffs alhes. It v as this tendency pa,e 'Matures on the other parts ol the ^ as v ' e 11S tue loot wInch so often ren ^ered human nature ridiculous and produced suffering of the most serious kind. 1 he good s f lise tb f, huglish nation was abolishing s * a ^ s from the list ol articles which young ^ ir 8 "ore, hut tney were sadly too much ase< ^ e ' en ^°' v " Y 33 sacribce( ^ j ^Mu re 7 the ycera ol the body were displaced m niost extraordinary manner trom the j P°sition _ which they should occupy, because | was thought by some that a slim wais' 1 ? vas a tblu M °j beauty. The uay in which j Î? ant A s ,^T re clothed and ligatured, often to j ^ beir ^'*1 in .i u ry , and the materials in which tbe ^ ^re enveloped, too tlnn in cold weatli ! aiu l too thick, heavy, and hot in summer, formed a very important subject which be dealt with in detail, and he also spoke of the use by manufacturers of arsenic, antimony the . , - mg scales He also touelie( l "pon the manner in which ■ linens and woolens were dressd and disguis i pd fnr thp mnrtpt hv inp intmim.tinn At'inr. and lead as coloring materials for the pupose of rendering the article heavy in the weigh !^ or tb< r mark et by the introduction oi for ! f artI W f atter ?- h ] concluding lie said ; bat , tbe De S] ect , ot tbe la ^ of morality, ol the lines of true beauty, and of correct sam tary principals in matters of dress was sufli cient to justify bis short paper, and to give him a reason for calling the attention of the congress to some of the causes of continued beabdl am ong the community. That wb j cb parliament dare not do, and which the Queen and Court were unable to effect, w0ldd uo t be produced by the Sanitary Iu s titute ; but as Parliament had ceased to en , gating sound nilormation upon opinion into power and the followers of custom. This might in time produce f be desired effect, even more cer tainly th a n could be done by the Queen the j^ ord g acd the Commons combined or by - ' ardner. "I take pleasure in informin' dis club," read 'em in an eligible tone, so dat all can bear and de chair will take it as a personal favor if Elder Toots will keep awake darin' de nex' six minutes." Tlie Secretary then read as follows : "In case a man finds a sack of floni in tie road it am his duty to take it home an' keep it in a dry place. No man am expected to pound his own dog in case he finds him fightin'. Signs ot "Keep off the Grass," "No Ad mittance," "Elevator Not Running," and "Shut the Door" are put up for ornament. and should receive no attention. Eleven ounces of beef and five ounces of bone make pound of beefsteak which will stand iu law. Will written with chalk on de barn doah will not stand in law. Dar am ninety eight chances in a hundred agin a man who bets on de weight of a hog, but moas' anv man will take de chances if he don't shillin s. Befo' complainin' of your naher for keepin' a barkin' dog, be sure dat your goat does his browsin' at home."