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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 03, 1883, Image 2

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Selma ««Mo Setall
FISK BROS., - - Publishers.
R. B. FISK, .
• Editor.
THURSDAY. MAY 3. 1883.
The formal delivery of the Brooklyn
bridge to the two cities will take place
May 24th._
The Psi Upsison Fraternity are to cele
brate their semi-centennial at Albany May
23d, and 25th prox. A long list of dis
tinguished members have signified their
purpose to be present. All members,
wheresoever dispersed, who cannot attend
in person are invited to communicate by
letter or telegram with Judge Van Voorst,
Albany, X. Y.
The city of Cardiff, in Wales, has grown
from 18,000 in 1851 to a present popula
tion of 100,000. It is owned entirely by
the Catholic peer, Lord Bute, who has an
income of $1,500,000 from rents, which
are said to be higher than in any other
place in the United Kingdom. In the
same way Sir Hussey Vivian owns Swan
sea and Lord Tredeger Newport, Wales.
It seems after all that the Mexican
authorities object to our crossing their
lines in chase of Indians. We hope our
government will not be so narrow-minded
in this matter, but giye Mexican soldiers
full liberty to kill all the Indians they can
catch who have fled from the perpetration
of outrages in Mexico. We are disposed
to be as generous in this matter as Arte
mus Ward was with his first wife's rela
tions. _
John A. Andrew post of the Grand
Army has arranged a very sensible substi
tute lor flowers in decorating the graves of
the soldier dead on Decoration day. It is
to plant on each grave a well made stand
of colors, the flag being of silk, twelve
inches by eighteen, and the staff tipped
with a bronze spearhead. This is done to
obviate the purchase of flowers, which, un
der the tardy sky of New England, are
not so plentiful in May as they should
be for the ideal purpose of a Decoration
day. _
The new steamer Oregon of the Guion
line, a sister ship, but larger than the
Alaska, and which is now nearing com
pletion, will be the very monarch cf the
seas. Her engines will be of 13,000 horse
power, 3,000 more than those of the Great
Eastern; 2,700 tons of steam will pass
through her engines daily, and the daily
consumption of coal will be 300 tons. She
will have a 24-foot screw, with nearly a
40-foot pitch, it is believed that she will
develop a speed of very nearly, if not
quite, 20 miles an hour, and hence will
considerably shorten the swiftest time
heretofore across the big ferry.
The Independent quotes and gives cur
rency to an item from the Bozeman
Chronicle, referring to the decision of
Judge Wade, sustaining the constitution
ality of the Custer county act, as follows :
"We should prefer to have the opinion of
a lawyer and an honest man on the point
before we would yield our opinion on such
legislation." And this is the support that
these two newspapers afford to the Chief
Justice of Montana for the bravest and
most successful campaign against confed
erated public plunderers that ever took
place in our history. What do the jubi
lant, ransomed people of Custer county
think of such criticism on Judge Wade's
work and rulings ? The Independent and
Chronicle would prefer the opinion of such
an able lawyer and honest man as Cox,
we presume. Did Custer county warrants
pay for such opinions and endorsement ?
The warrants, if worthless, exceed in
value the opinions of such venal slander
ers. _
We publish to-day a communication
from a Philadelphia commercial agent
complaining loudly of the injustice of our
license law, which imposes a tax on trav
eling salesmen selling goods by sample.
The law as it stands on our statutes makes
this license $15 per quarter in each county
where business is done. In explanation
we would say to "Old Traveler" that all
our merchants and dealers in goods, wares,
and merchandise of any kind have to pay
quarterly licenses ranging from $5 to $50,
and it would be manifestly unjust to allow
dealers from abroad to destroy their trade
and enjoy a premium for so doing. Men
who misrepresent our Territory and open
ly boast of doing it out of revenge, are
not men whose presence or patronage we
covet, nor do we feel particularly fearful
of the injury that such men can do us.
So far as we can judge, the action of
Emperor William in sendiug a special
message to the Reichstag, urging the pas
sage of a law requiring on the part of em
ployers a certain provision against acci
dent, sickness and death of employes, de
serves commendation. At the very least,
a man's wages ought to be enough not
only to yield present support, but to pro
vide against sickness and accident. It is
an attempt to head off socialism by re
moving the provoking cause, and it seems
a wise and proper line of action. It is
carrying out life, accident and sickness
insurance on a general scale, making it
part of the framew ork of society. We
have seen what immense general benefits
result from supplying the people with a
currency that is as good in one part of the
country as another. Why may not the
government undertake the business of life
insurance, accident and health insurance
in the same way?
w
as
be
is
lic
of
a
for
of
of
ed
at
Sir
of
by
CUSTER COUNTY MATTERS.
a
:
The April term of the District Court
for Custer county closed last Friday, and
District Attorney Johnston arrived back
last evening. He reports the busiest three
weeks that he ever passed in his life, and
from an epitome of the business trans
acted it is easy to reach the same conclu
sion. Judge, juries, prosecuting officers,
county officers and citizens were engaged
in an honorable strife to do their duty,
their whole duty, and nothing but their
duty, without fear or favor. The court
was in session two days less than three
w T eeks. The grand jury w r as in session all
the time, and was not through with its
business when court was compelled to
close. During this time forty-one indict
ments were found, of which twenty-six
were against the gang of official plunder
ers. There were eighteen indictments
pending when the term opened. In the
first case called there was an acquittal. It
seemed as if the old rut was going to con
trol the course of the new wheels of jus
tice, but some vigorous, plain, personal,
direct talk had a good bracing effect.
They were made to realize that the matter
of their delivery and purification w r as
something that they had got to do for
themselves if done at all. Others had by
long, hard work brought them the oppor
tunity, and now r if they were sincere and
earnest it was the time to show it. This
direct appeal was enough. When put to
the final test the backbone proved strong
enough to bear the weight and strain ; in
fact, grew stronger wonderfully fast.
There wore no more acquittals. In tw o
cases only out of the remaining seventeen
there was a failure to agree, and fifteen
wore convicted and are now on their way
to the penitentiary. Of course there was
no time to try indictments found at the
last term ; in most of the cases in fact,
arrests have not been made. Briggs is
hiding down in Minnesota. Stillwell, the
absconding clerk, is in Dakota, under ar
rest and awaiting a requisition to be de
livered to the Custer county sheriff. Hub
bell and Cox are trying to brave it out,
but they stand alone, abandoned by all
their associates, who seem to have lost ail
confidence in the prowess of these cham
pion plunderers as soon as their judicial
backer was removed.
The more the matters w ere opened up to
view and the inside history translated, the
more did it appear that all this crime and
rottenness existed, rioted and grew 7 strong
because of the immunity virtually guaran
teed it in court. When the fact was real
ized and appreciated that here was a court
prepared to do its duty, others felt that it
w r as safe to speak out the truth and call
things by their right name. It is related
as a specimen of the former state of affairs,
that one man had been convicted of a
crime that should have sent him for a
long term in the penitentiary on testi
mony too clear and strong for question,
yet when asked by the court if he had
anything to urge why sentence should not
be pronounced, Cox, for him, got up and
said to the court that the verdict of the
jury was a d-d outrage, and on this
statement the prisoner was discharged.
With courts controlled by such men the
best community in the world w'ould be
come demoralized. Such, we are assured,
is the rebound of feeling that pervades the
entire community that Judge Conger
could not hold court there if restored.
Public opinion would inspire united pub
lic action to resist the imposition by force
of arms if need be.
The atmosphere of Custer county to-day
may be likened to that of an oppressive,
sultry summer day after being purged by
a vigorous thunder s#orm. The tables are
turned. The thieves, pimps, and roughs
are hunting cover, and the honest, decent
men dare come forth and assert themselves
for law r and order.
The extent of the plundering is not yet
fully known, but the footings show that
warrants to the amount of $180,000 were
issued last year, the greater part without
formalities or color of law. A large share
of these issued to the commissioners them
selves without color and in open violation
of law' were pronounced by Judge Wade
absolutely void ab initio ; there can be no
innocent purchasers and holders of war
rants that show upon their face their il
legality. Special meetings of commission
ers w r ere held without notice, and new
warrants issued whenever two of the board
happened to meet anywhere.
We trust the good work so well begun
may end as well. If is work that is high
above any political complications and
relations, in which Republicans and
Democrats in and out of office have work
ed heartily and side by side.
All honor to Governor Crosby, to the
Legislature that lent its aid, to Judge
Wade, whose heroic services have been
above price, to Col. Johnston, the un
flinching, incorruptible Prosecuting At
torney, who lets no guilty man escape his
clutch, and to the juries, grand and petit,
and the reformed and invigorated publie
opinion of Custer county ! The contest, so
long and fiercely fought, against such odds
at first, but by timely aid so completely
won at last againgt vice and crime, has
been a more eventful one than that in
which brave Custer fell. It is a triumph
that has a blessing and benefit for every
honest man in any part of Montana, and
will not lose its efficacious virtue in many
vears to come.
A matrimonial alliance has been ar
ranged between Hugh Northcote, son of
Sir Stafford Northcote, and Miss Edith,
daughter of ex-Secretary Hamilton Fish,
of New' York.
PLANTING TREES IN THE SCHOOL
GROUNDS.
This is the subject of a circular issued
by the National Bureau of Education, the
subject being treated by Dr. Hough, of
the forestry division of the Agricultural
Department. Forestry is already being
recognized sis a matter of first-class im
portance all over the country, not only in
treeless States but in those w'here there is
plenty of natural forest. Many States have
established the beautiful and valuable cus
tom of turning out en masse, old and
young, male and female, to spend one fui 1
day each spring in setting out trees, fruit
and shade trees, both for ornament and
use. Our government bestows patronage
of a substantial kind in giving title to a
quarter section of public land as a reward
for the successful culture of a certain por
tion in timber. It is in those treeless
States where there is little or nothing to
shade the surface of the earth and keep it
moist and cool, w here the ground becomes
super-heated, that those fearful cyclones
and hurricanes originate.
If our ancestors had taken more pains to
plant and preserve forests than to reck
lessly destroy them our country would to
day be many millions of dollars richer and
droughts and alternating floods would not
be so common. If this generation does its
duty, the next will be richer and safer
than we are. For every tree that is cut
down two of better kind should be planted
out.
The Belgians cultivate wheat by hand
as we do maize, and with such success
that they reap as high as 150 bushels to
the acre. If we cultivated timber with
equal care, selecting the best varieties and
keeping down the w'aste vegetation that
exhausts the soil to no good purpose, we
could make our timber lands worth thou
sands of dollars per acre. It is hard to
&
teach old dogs new tricks, and it is rather j
at
it
slow work to indu ; men of middle age to !
engage actively and heartily in an enter- j
prise to which they have not been educat
ed, and the fruits of which they are not
likely to reap. It is much easier to ap
peal to the young and train them to re
gard this interest of tree culture at its
just value.
F ollowing out the tendency and demand
of the present hour, that the instruction of
our public schools should have a more
practical cast and should include the rudi
ments of cultivating the taste and muscles
as well as the mental faculties, the atten
tion has been called to enlisting the chil
dren in the work of planting trees, begin
ning with the public school grounds,
where circumstances are favorable.
It is no small matter to learn how to set
out a tree properly, so that it will be sure
to grow. It needs some careful study and
observation and more practice. The
larger roots are designed by nature to hold
the tree in its place against the winds, the
little rootlets that are generally little re
garded supplying the nourishment mostly,
and these are «very frail—easily broken,
easily destroyed by exposure, and when
the tree is placed in its intended and spa
cious hole these little roots should with
greatest care be spread out and never be
crossed, cramped or bent under.
In Montana it will require more care
and labor to get trees to grow in many of
our school grounds, but this is no reason
who we should not have trees and with
them grateful shade and the songs of
birds.
If each room of our Graded school
would undertake to plant one tree each
year and take such care of it as to insure
its growth, it would be but a few years be
fore fhere would be an abundance of beau
tiful shade around that spot that now
seems so desolate. Bo far the water sup
ply has been insufficient and uncertain,
but this is not going to be the case always
or long. If people continue to live here
they must and will have plenty of water.
It is well to train children to have some
care, to feel some responsibility and pride
in the protection of public property and
such adjuncts as will make it more beauti
and attractive. Those things we love
most and value highest on which we have
expended most labor, thought and watch
ful care. Every tree planter that is
trained at our public schools will be a pub
lic benefactor through life.
Those who settle now in Montana ex
pect to make it a permanent home. Let
our homes be beautified with shade trees,
and let the school children lead off in this
worthy reform by setting out trees around
the school grounds. Teachers should take
up this matter in earnest and encourage
action by example.
House bill 112, which furnished the
legislative basis on which this great Cus
ter county revolution has been won, passed
the House by the votes of eight Republi
cans and seven Democrats. Only two
voted against it, both Democrats, and five j
of
to
an
do
by
Democrats and two Republicans were ab- j
sent. In the Council the seven yeas in- j
eluded all the Republicans, with Mitchell j
and Morris as the Democrats. Five Dem- 1 \y
crats, including President Stuart and Cox,
voted in the negative. It is well to keep
this record in mind as an introduction to j
current history.
"™ I
of Governor Crosby to the j
The answer
petitioners for the reprieve of the mur- 1
derer of Jacob Kenck contrasts favorably
with that of Judge Conger in setting aside
a verdict of a jury on the statement of
Cox that it was a d—d outrage.
There will be much curiosity to see
how great the falling off in internal reve
nue receipts will be by reason of the re
duced tax rates that go- into effect to-day.
of
at
THE NEW ROUTE.
The decision rendered yesterday by the
Secretary of the Interior approving the
map defining the location of the Northern
Pacific railway through the Rocky Moun
tain division, filed last July, is one that
interests all Montana, and that portion
between Gallatin City and the Little
Blackfoot especially. The supposed effects
of the decision, at least from the date of
the approval, is to subject to the condition
of the original grant the line of the pres
ent location and release the old one. The
new location is forty-three miles shorter
than the Deer Lodge pass route, and as
the road was to have forty sections of land
for every mile constructed, or 25,600 acres,
this amount multiplied by forty-three,
makes 1,100,800 acres less that the road
will receive.
Instead of being on the branch, Helena
is now on the main line. We have rather
held to the belief that the Northern Pa
cific company w'ould yet construct this
road by the old location if for nothing else
than to secure its additional grant. With
this decision that idea vanishes forever.
The company prefers to take its chances
for land along the route that it will oper
ate. The shorter route is never aban
doned for a longer one. The company
will lose many choice selections of land
within the new limits, which citizens have
acquired from government at $1.25 per
acre, and many along the old location
who have paid $2.50 per acre will feel as
if they had been cheated out of half their
money.
The war that once raged so hot for the
Jefferson cafion will probably never be
fought again. Now that the Northern
Pacific has abandoned it forever the Utah
& Northern seems to have lost its eager
ness for its possession. The chief effect
of this decision that occurs to us upon ,
j first impression is that it turns over to the :
new route. The allowance of the new
rorne by the proper authority will subject
the lands along it to the conditions of the
original grant. Those who have received
railroad will now have tt> look to the gov
ernment for recompense, and there is no
doubt they wili get it, not in he measure
they would like, but to some modest
amount. Some of the cases of trouble
with land and mine owners along the new
route will now take on a new appearance.
The court will no doubt recognize this
action of the proper department as giving
the lull legal right to go along the new
route as it had along the old one, and all
claims for damages and controversies of
title will be assumed by the government
instead of the company. It is a pity this
decision was not made sooner. The case
seems to have been pending since last
July. Some bitter aud threatening con
troversies might have been avoided. There
will be many, too, cursing their luck that
the new line while it could have been had
at half its advanced price.
In many other respects than any named
it is easy to see that this decision of the
Interior Department is going to have
! general government all the claims
j damages from owners of land along
patents for lands which are taken by the j
they did not get lands within the limits of j
wide-reaching effects that will need the
decision of the Supreme Court, and more j
than likely some action of Congress be
sides. As to the general effects, however,
j tence.
the decision will be to the great advantage
of all places along the new route, and .the
peple of Helena may rejoice and congrat
ulate themselves without any rebate.
THE EXECUTION.
Though it has been said with some
former show of right reason that hanging
was a poor use to put man to, we believe
that at present it is the very best use to
which some men can be put. We believe
that every person should have such rea
sonable control of his sympathies as to
make some proper distinction between a
worthy and an unworthy object. When
we recall what a good, useful citizen Jacob
Kenck was, and how much he had done
to deserve the gratitude instead of the
malice of his murderer, our sympathies
are used and we have none to squander on
an unrepentant murderer. We are con
tent that the law should have made this
exhibit of its readiness and ability to in
flict the extreme penalty. If any
thing is able to prevent lynching
and mob violence, it is such an orderly exe
cution as occurred to-day. When our
people learn that they can implicitly rely
upon the officers of the law and juries to
do their duty, there will be no more
wresting of the law from its appointed
channel.
The same men who are often led away
by passion to join in a hanging without
trial, are as likely to be swayed by their
sympathies to ask the Chief Executive to
reprieve the culprit or commute the sen
Better than either extreme is it
j that all should soberly fix the penalty
j that seems proper to inflict and then see
j that every step of the law's course is calm
1 \y hut relentlessly adhered to.
------------.——
The latest canvas of the results of the !
Mississippi cyclone fixes the number of j
the killed at Beauregard, Wesson and j
vicinity at 65, while 280 were injured and ,
some 250 houses were destroyed. The j
work of ascertaining the full extent of the j
catastrophe at other points is still unfin- j
ished, but the death list cannot fall short j
At West Point and Aberdeen,
of 100.
Miss., and other small towns in that State
and Georgia, reports of from five to thirty
at one place are not uncommon.
Emigrants are passing through St.
Paul at the rate of 10,000 per week.
A PARTY WITHOUT A POLICY.
The Earl of Dunraven has an article in
the April number of the Ninteeuth Cen
tury on the future "Constitutional Party,"
in which he speaks of the present Tory
party of England as a splendidly organ
ized party, with plenty of talent, but no
policy, and he addresses to it an urgent
plea to take up ground abandoned by the
present Liberal party. In following out
his description of the condition of the
Tories of England, we could not help
drawing in our own mind a parallel with
the Democratic party in this country. So
far from being destitute of a present pol
icy it is in the same condition precisely as
the English Tories. Whenever the repre
sentatives of the Democratic party meet
in caucus, convention or at a club dinner
they grow eloquent over the past achieve
ments won by their fathers and great
great-grandfathers, but they are perfectly
mute over any plan to win further achieve
ments ; they are ostentatiously unanimous
on the principles uttered and illustrated
by Jefferson, and in some less degree by
Jackson, but ou any question of to-day,
such as the tariff or internal improve
ments, or sound currency, they all fly to
pieces at the very mention of the subject.
Save that they want to get into oflice
mighty bad, there is no other present pur
pose and ambition that feeds the flicker
ing flame of life. There is nothing pres
ent or of recent date to which they ever
point with any pride. They say nothing
of Buchanan and Pierce, and very little
of Polk. Their eloquence only begins to
catch its breath in Jackson's reign and
blossoms out in full flower in Jefferson.
Even these favorite authorities on ante
bellum Democracy have to be handled
with some care or it will leak oat that
Jefferson uttered warnings against the
, dangers of slavery, and Jackson threaten
: e d to hang the South Carolina nullifiers
who in Buchanan's and Breckenridge's
time became the controlling clement in
the party and forced the rupture at
Charleston in 1880. In later times we
have seen them nominate a Union General
on a peace-policy basis, and a high pro
j tective champion on a free trade platform.
They have shown plenty of ingenuity and
a fertility of expedients that is surprising,
but for any distinct policy, or any one
single principle, clean cut and sharply de
fined, that did not mean pig or pup ac
cording to exigencies of time or place, the
Democrats have had nothing. And what
is worse yet there seems less prospect than
ever before of agreeing upon their policy.
So long as the war tariff' continued that
was the chief reliance and they tried to
frighten the country about getting its debt
paid oft' so fast.
But thanks to the persistency of the
Republicans, and no thanks to the Demo
crats, the last of the war taxes that have
not been cut off' have been cut down as
low as a larger part of the Democrats
themselves desire. After prophesying
j that specie payment never would be re
sumed and the national debt never paid,
and doing their utmost to make true their
predictions, the logic of events has con
futed them utterly, and they are silent on
these subjects. Everthing that testifies of
our nationality, such as our currency, has
j been opposed as far as possible, but all in
vain.
-C° tell the truth, there lias been one
animating principle to Democracy, though
it has studiously been kept in the back
ground all the time since the war, that is
States' rights, State sovereignty, the State
greater than the Nation, the part greater
than the whole. As it is said of a Rus
sian, if you scratch his back you will find
a Tartar; so if you thoroughly probe a
Democrat, one of the thick and thin, hard
shell Bourbon variety, you will find him
still a States'-rights man.
As it stands to-day the Democratic
party has not a single principle on which
it is agreed, that it dare utter abroad and
join issue on. It has degenerated wholly into
an opposition party. So far as it is per
forming at present any useful function in
the body politic, it is that of a brake on a
wheel, occasionally useful in a humble
and negative way, but how ridiculous to
trust the running of this great govern
ment, with all its precious, vital interests,
to a party without principle, a vehicle
composed of nothing but brakes.
The question of compelling telegraph
companies to carry their wires under
ground is pending in Chicago, New York,
and Philadelphia. It is claimed that the
change is yet in an experimental stage.
The nuisance of such a multitude of wires
would be much reduced by gathering up
all the wires into a cable as proposed by
the Western Union at Chicago, but it
would be vastly better both for the ap
pearance and convenience of things to
compel them to be carried underground.
If this can be done in one city, it can in
all, and we should hope that it would on
trial be found for the interest of all com
panies to bury all their wires. New York
City has not only required all telegraph
wires to be carried underground, but
! charges ground rent and makes reserva
j tions of the use of two wires for munici
j pal purposes. When this radical change
, in the method of laying wires is made,
j would it not be a favorable time for the
to take the entire business
j government
j into its own hands and serve the public at
j something near the cost ?
C. P. Huntington drew a check in New
York payable to the heirs of the Charles
Morgan estate for $2,500,000, being the
first payment of the $7,500,000 purchase
money for the Morgan line of steamers,
which will be used in connection with the
Southern Pacific railway.
COMiMERCIAL LICENSE TAX
Expression from an Eastern Traveii»
Man.
• _____ _
Philadelphia, April l;», v.
To the Editor of the Herald.
I am a Commercial Traveler of eleven
years standing, almost the whole of which
time has been spent in continued travelin
from one part of the United States to an
other. In these years I have visited in th e
interest of my business at least once i Q
every twelve months every accessible po r .
tion almost of the States and Territories
with one single exception and that is Mon
tana. With the completion of railroads into
your country I have naturall felt a desire to
visit it and would undoubtedly have done so
more than once were it not for one thine
the license tax which you permit each oi
your counties and towns to collect from
every "drummer" who ventures near you
I have just returned from another (mv 18th i
trip to the Pacific Coast and while yom
neighbors in the Territories of Wyoming
Utah, Idaho and Washington have all re
ceived me with kindness and have taken
pride and pleasure in giving me every infor
mation possible regarding their resources,
advantages aud needs for the future, Mon
tana alone remains a sealed book to me, a
wilderness of which I kuew nothing, except
that its Inhabitants have erected a Chinese
wall around themselves in the form of a tax
required from every commercial man who
might venture up in your vicinity, attempt
to do a little business, find out something
about your climate, soil, mines, advantages
or disadvantages and disseminate the results
as he moved along elsewhere on his return.
I was not a bit astonished while in Salt
Lake City last month, as well as again later
on the Union Pacific train moving East, to
hear two men speaking most outrageously oi
the whole Territory and warning folks
against it as a gigantic fraud bolstered up bv
a railroad company who sought emigration
in order to settle up their lands, and a body
of capitalists who cared only to dispose of
their property so that they could get out of
a country' where the rivers freeze solid iu
winter and everything dries up in summer,
where the mines had all petered out, every
thing in the way of life's necessaries cost
four prices, and where everybody able to get
away was leaving for Dakota and Oregon.
Subsequently', iu a private conversation with
one of them, I learned that they had both
been compelled to pay a license of $25 apiece
in each county they had been in as well as
an additional town tax of $6 or §8 in Butte,
Helena aud other places and they were de
termined they said "to get even with the
Montana brigands if they had to v eport their
stories in every town they' went through for
six months to come."
Nor can you blame them : I am sure I
have no good word to say for a country
where I feel that I shall in this fashion be
legally "lield-up" to the extent of many dol
lars should I venture into exploring it in
company' with my business card and a few
samples of our goods. That to collect a
license charge from peculiars is only justice
to merchants who build stores, pay taxes
and whose business is uudoubtedy injured
by irresponsilde parties hawking goods
about, no sensible person will deny, but to
tax legitimate commercial travelers or at
tempt to keep them out seems to me bad
policy' on the part of the people of a Terri
tory' which needs advertising as much as
Montana does aud whose future aud rapid
settlement depends so much upon its being
better and more favorably known, and I sub
mit it to the intelligence of your readers
whether there is not much more lost than
gained in the feeling engendered towards
you by the enforcement of local laws against
a class of men who, journeying far and wide
over all this broad land, are calculated to do
more or less harm in their good or evil re
ports of the sections they visit, and a man
would be scarcely human if he failed to
speak ill on every possible occasion of a com
munity or country where the citizens sanc
tioned a legal robbery which all the old aud
progressive states, both East and West, have
done away with and which the highest
court in the Republic has declared to be in
conflict with the Federal constitution. Sure
ly there is more loss to the Territory in a
single emigrant kept away from you through
the effects of such misrepresentation than
could be made up in the price of many
licenses squeezed out of such of us as venture
near you. Be Americans ! Wake up ! Bo
away with everything tending to inq>ede or
restrict travel and the exploration of your
country. Welcome every respectable indi
vidual who comes along and send all away
with a hospitable "call again" and a certain
ty that, wherever they go, they will always
carry with them a good word for Montana
and her citizens. Yours very truly,
"AN OLD TRAVELER.
Sales of Real Estate.
K. C. Wallace to James M. Rowley, two
lots on lower Rodney street. Consideration,
$550 cash.
Hoback & Cannon tÿ Margaret E. Harrah
lot 7, block 606, Hoback & Cannon's addition.
Consideration, $250.
Cannon & Ryan to Fisk J. Shaffer lots
3, 4, 5, and 6, block 575, in Main street addi
tion, being 200 feet front on Pearl street.
Consideration, $2,400.
— D. W. Curtiss to Alonzo E. Bunker one
and one-half acres of land on Lyudale
avenue, near foot of Mam street. Consider
ation, $1,060.
Helena Reduction works to H. M. Pärchen
and T. H. Kleinschmidt, about nine acres on
Benton avenue. Consideration, $6,000.
George Bard well to Annie P. Fo wler l° î5
12 and 14, in block 17. Consideration, $750.
Jr id es E. Galloway to E. Sharpe land lU
Last Chance gulch, part of the Taylor*^
Thompson claim. Consideration, $2,200.
C. W. Cannon to A. T. Rowe, of
York city, block 42, in Montana avenue
ad
dition, being twelve lots 44x150. Considéra
tion, $1,400.
Hoback & Cannon to F. J. Sebert, lot o
block 608, Hoback & Cannon addition. Con
sideration, $250.

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