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Volume xvii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 2, 1883. No. 37. LISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. - O Terms of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: Ho*tnt;e, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: r 1 hers, delivered by carrier, A . Year, by mail. rell ■der to receive attention. omrnunications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. «4 00 ' ject 2 Ob j one ; , V)u j ' jjo (l0 I I - ............................... ........... c 00 ! -o— I of address unit be vuule promptly mid | st hut requests MUST yive the post office • « the one to which such change is de- Y ! ! 1 * I ! i the get his A THE BAKER BOY'S LAMENT. San Francisco Argonaut.] In a certain building on a certain street in this ( itv there was a certain studio presided over by a certain artist. In an adjoining room worked cer tain young ladies, studying under the artist's su pervi'sion. Daily at luncheon time they were wont to take from a bt ker boy certain loaves of bread. They changed tneir arrangements, and notified the baker boy thereof by affixing to their door the laconic legend : " No more bread." The next morning they found beneath the door the follow ing screed : ] Oh, ladies fair, 1 note with grief Your mandate curt and cruel— No more my tender loaves shall serre As your »esthetic fuel. No more your pearly teeth shall crunch My sweet and crispy baking; Though of my heart you've smashed the crust By this your cool leave-taking. Full many a maid, I know, doth prize The flaky rolls I send her, And laud in amatory strain The morsels sweet and tender. Full many a heart like yeast doth swell As I approach the portal— Would deem herself as baker's wife A more than lucky mortal. But never yet their glances could To warm emotion win me, Nor all their arts enkindle yet An oven heat within me. Your grace and beauty—yours alone— It was my passion heeded ; Your fingers like a lump of dough My feelings shaped and kneaded. I know 'twas weak to nurse a hope Far, far too aerated ; To be a baker crossed in love. I know, alas! I'm fated. And so my saddened round I go On duty's high endeavor ; But from my soul the peace is gone. Too well 1 know, forever. A lover, I, alas! must be By doleful woe downtrodden, And bear a heart (unlike my loaves) Within my breast half sodden ! Why should I live a wretched life, With all desire unsated, When open stands my furnace there, And I may be cremated ! I'll pile the faggots in with speed ; I'll be myself the batter; And to white dust this form will change Which the cold wind may scatter. Good-bye ! and when the buttered slice From'the crisp loaf you sever. Pray think of him whom fervid love Hath carbonized forever ! [At first the young women imagined that the lines really came from the baker's boy, and that he had a soul above baking. But on reflection they changed their minds and ascribed the doleful lay to a certain mischievous lawyer who had rooms on the same floor. So the following morn ing there appeared upon the door this reply :] INFELICE ! Oh, carbonize thy doughty heart Not yet, too ardent baker ; Nor threaten, as a dainty tart, To stand before thy Maker. Ascend our high Parnassus flight, Bring all the lo(a)ves you chooses ; Think not maids have less appetite Because they court the Muses. We never meant those hasty words To work like yeast within you ; But, rather, ,: ke dissolving curds, To thaw your heart and win you. 0 baker ! see the shining mark ! We pine for an adorer ; 1 n thee we see a new Petrarch— Oh, find in us a Laura ! JEANNETTE'S HAIR. MILES O'REILLY. "Oh, loosen the curls that you wear, Jeannette. Let me tangle my hands in your hair my pet," For the world to me had no danitier sight Than your brown hair veiling your shoulders white. It was brown with a golden gloss, Jeannette, It was liner than the silk of the floss, my pet, Twas beautiful mist falling down to your wrist, Twas a thing to be braided and jeweled and kissed, Twas the loveliest hair in the world, my pet. My arm was the arm of a clow r n, Jeannette, It was sinewy, bristled and brown, my pet ; But warmly and softly it loved to caress Your round, white neck and your wealth of tress, Your beautiful and plenty of hair, my pet. Your eyes had a swimming glory, Jeannette, Revealing the old, dear story, my pet : _ They were gray with the chastened tmge of tue sky When the trout leaps quickest to snap the fly, And they matched with your golden hair, my pet. Your lips—but I have no words, Jeannette, They were fresh as the twitter of birds, my pet. When the spring is young and the roses are w T et With the dewdrops in each red bosom set. And they suited your gold-brown hair, my pet. Oh, you tangled mv life in your hair, Jeannette, Twas a silken and golden snare, nay pet, But so gentle the bondage, my soul did implore The right to continue your slave evermore, With my fingers enmeshed in your hair, my pet. Thus ever J dream what you were, Jeannette, With your lips and your eyes and your hair, my i>et. In the darkness of desolate years I moan And my tears fall bitter over the stone That covers your golden hair, my pet, Not His Equal. [Arkansas Traveler.] "I shall not resent your insulting lan guage," said an Arkansas Celonel to a man who had called him a liar. "You are not my equal in social standing, and I shall pay no attention to you." The man slapped the Colonel's face. "I shall not resent any slaps, for I cannot afford to lower myself to your level." "You wont't fight me, eh ?" o sir." "You won't challenge me because it would reflect discredit on you to meet me on the field ?" "You are correct." "Let's take a drink, then." "All right. I'm your man. Give me a mint toddy." he to if WEBSTER'S MONEY DEALING. A Shrewd Transaction Between the I Famous Secretary of State and Mr. j Choate. [Boston Budget.J j Daniel Webster's financiering is the sub "* ' ject of many anecdotes at Washington, and j one of them thus describes how he one day ; assisted his friend Rufus Choate. Choate needed $500 and he applied to Mr. Webster. j "Five hundred dollars!" said Webster. "No, I I haven't that amount, but I will get it for you, ! Choate." The latter was glad to hear it and I would wait. "Draw your note," said Web | st * T11 gj it and bring you the money. • , , .. Ä _ Y hile you are about it make the note lor a ! thousand ; a thousand is as easy to get as ! five hundred." Mr. Choate said that five 1 hundred was all he needed. "I will take the * other five hundred," said Webster. The note I was drawn and Mr. Webster, taking his cane ! went into the avenue. "Good morning, Mr. Corcoran, good morning," said he as he en i tered the great banking house, which was the fiscal agent of the Government. "Good morning, Mr. Secretary," said the great banker in the blandest manner. "What is it I can do for you this morning, Mr. Secretary ?" Mr. Webster was Secretary of State at the time. "A little favor for my friend Choate. He wants a little money, and I thought I could get it for him. A thousand I believe he made his note for," passing the paper to the banker. There was no such thing as hesitating, much less declining, and so the banker was only happy to accommodate the head of Mr. Fillmore's Administration. The gold was laid out in two equal piles at Mr. Webster's request. Putting one in each pocket, and with one of the bows which Mr. Webster only could give, he departed. "Here, Choate, here is five hundred," said the great expoun der, entering where Choate was waiting. Handing him the gold, Mr. Webster resumed his reading where he had been interrupted by Choate's entrance. This story has a mysteri ous confirmation in the recent statement that Mr. Concoran still has in his collection of au tographs a note for $1,000 signed by Rufus Choate and indorsed by Daniel Webster. BLAINE'S WONDERFUL MEMORY. A Story of Two Ohio Campaigns Told by Senator Thurman. tue my not pay the any to the a [Cleveland Leaden.J This is a story which Senator Thurmau told: "In 1876," he said, "Blaine came to my town and made a speech. I went to hear him. While I was talking to him at the place where he had spoken, I saw in the crowd an old farmer of wealth and conse quence, a client of mine, w^o is a staunch Republican. He was regarding with much interest the great Republican leader of whom he had head so much, but never before had seen. I beckoned for him to come up, and said : 'Mr. Blaine, I want to present you to 'Squire Brown.' Blaine was very cordial, and, in his magnetic way, soon had my old friend perfectly delighted. Brown was a noted breeder of horses, and that day had driven into town behind a pretty pair of four-year-olds. Blaine took a look at the horses and said : 'Squire, have you ever train ed that near colt ? He would make good time, if properly handled, I think.' With a few other words he went away with me, and saw no more of Mr. Brown. In 1880 Blaine came to Ohio and spoke again at my tov n. I was on hand. When he had closed his speech the people came up to speak to him. Suddenly looking up, he saw 'Squire Brown at a distance. The old man was wondering if Blaine would remem ber him. Leaving the crowd about him, Blaine walked straight to Brown, and, calling him by name, shook hands with him cor dially, and, after talking a few minutes, said : "'Squire Brown, did you ever train that near colt you were driving four years agj when I met you? I have thought of that colt, and believed he would have made a good trotter if properly trained." "Now," said Judge Thurman, "it had been four years since that circumstance occurred. Blaine had an im mense number of things to think of in that time, and yet he had recalled the man and remembered, without difficulty, precisely what had happened so long ago. To my mind it was one of the most wonderful feats of memory I have ever known." The Petroleum Fields of the World. The relative importance of the oil fields of the world are succinctly stated as follows, in the July Century , by E. Y. Smalley, in his graphic and splendidly illustrated article on "Striking oil": "Nearly all the petroleum that goes into the world's commerce is pro duced in a district of country about 150 miles long, with a varying breadth of from one to twenty miles, lying mainly in the State of Pennsylvania, but lapping over a little on its northern edge into the State of New York. This region yield'd, in 1881, 26,950,813 barrels, and in 1882, 31,398,750 barrels. A little netroleum is obtained in 3Vest Virginia, a little at various isolated points in Ohio, and a little in the Canadian province of Ontario. California is also a small producer. There is also a small field in Germany, a larger one, scantily developed, in Southern Russia, and one still larger, per haps, in India. The total production of all the fields, outside of the region here de scribed, is but a small traction in the general account, however, and has scarcely an appre ciable influence upon the market. Further more, the oil of these minor fields, whether in America or the Old World, is of an inferior quality, and, so long as the great Pennsylva nia reservoir holds out, can only snpply a local demand in }he vicinity of the wells." A Fireman's Brave Act. Chicago, July 11.—Thomas King, a fire man on the freight train of the Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad, gave a rare exhibition of nerve and coolness yesterday. The train when near Franksville, Wisconsin, was go ing thirty miles an hour, and a child was discovered standing on the track a short dis tance ahead, paralyzed with fear. It was impossible to stop the train in time to save the little one. King ran forward, stationed himself on the cowcatcher, and, bracing him self, advanced one foot as far as possible, and as the train reached the child he lifted it from the track with his foet and tripped it unceremoniously into a ditch. The moth er of the child had justr-discovered its peril and stood transfixed with horror. on of A as I A STAGE COACH DIALOGUE. I The Cheyenne Miner and the Siam Mis j sionary Clash. [Correspondent Philadelphia Press. ] j The seat of honor anti pleasure in a jour ney overland is by the driver, and there is always a scramble for it, and the one who succeeds in securing it is regarded as a lucky fellow. I got left in my contest for a seat a a a on the top, and found myself, recently, inside of the stage with a clergyman and a man whom I took for a miner, during a trip to Silver City, N. M. The preacher and I sat on the back seat, and the native sat facing us. He was dressed in the regulation cos tume of the country—dark panis stuck in his 1 loots and held up by a six-shooter buckled around the waist, blue flannel shirt, flaming red necktie, and a great sombrero. A knife was stuck in bis boot, and be car ried a Winchester rifle on the seat beside him. Taking him all in all, he was about as ugly looking a specimen of humanity as I have met. As the stage rolled along, the miner looked out of the window as if in deep thought. The preacher and I entered into conversation, during which he asked my business. I told him, when he asked : "Do the great papers buy the literary ar ticles ?" "Yes, sir, when they are good." "Do they pay for them liberally ?" "They do when they accept the articles. ' "Well, I have got some very interesting subjects I could write about," he continued, as the stage jolted along over the rough road, making it a little hard to distinguish what he was saying. "For five years I was a mis sionary at Siam, and saw many strange and even startling things." "What were these scenes yon refer to ?" I asked. "Well, the punishment of criminals was exceedingly strange and is worthy of de scription. When a person is convicted of crime there he is taken out upon the public square for execution. His neck is bared well down upon his shoulders, and the exe cutioner dips his fingers in mud and with it makes a mark upon the neck of the doomed man." "What kind of mud ?" shouted the miner in a voice like a thunder clap, while he glared at the parson savagely. I noticed that, although he kept peering out of the window, he had followed our conversation for some time. "A sort of yellowish mud," replied the preacher, evidently disturbed by the miner's look and manner. But he continued : "The executioner then takes his sword and with one quick and de cisive blow severs the victim's head from his body." ' And I was a barber there for seven years, and I never shaved you, neither." "My friend, that cannot be ; for the people never shave there." "That's another one of your infernal lies. They are as clean a shaven set of people as there are in the We \ You're a nice man to be giving the town a bad name after you have left it. If it weren't kind of agin the fashion to hit a parson I'd knock your head off of you for lies," cried the miner, getting madder every minute. "My'clear friend," said the minister im ploringly, "there certainly must be some mistake. You do not mean to say that you were a barber in the Kingdom of Siam, where the people never shave ?" "Oh, I thought you were talking about Cheyenne," said the miner, as he fell back into his seat disgusted, I was the only man who seemed to enjoy this amusing incident, and even I found it good policy to show as little disposition to laugh as possible. The stage rolled on for miles after it occurred, and not a word was spoken by any one. The miner looked more intently than ever out of the window, and yet there was not an expression on his stolid face to indicate what Lis thoughts were. The preacher looked as intently oat from the opposite side of the stage, and I spent my time watching the miner, looking at the strange region through which we were pass ing. _________ Married in a Great Hurry. [St. Louis Post-Dispatcli.] "The quickest courtship on record," said one old resident, "was that of Dr. Nick Mc Dowell, who, driving along the street in his buggy one day, saw a beautiful girl stand ing at the window. He immediately stop ped and hitched his horse, rang the bell, inquired the lady's name, was ushered into the parlor, announced his own name, said he was 'pleased with her appearance and wished to marry her at once.' Nothing but the knowledge that she was actually in the presence of the celebrated physician kept her from fainting. To her plea 'of surprise at this unexpected announcement' he only replied, 'Now or never.' When she asked 'to take a week to consider' he said 'I am going down street to attend a critical case and have no time to spare right now.' " 'Give me a day, then.' " 'I'll tell you what I'll do. When I am through with this professional visit I'll drive around and get a preacher. If you've made up your mind to marry me by that time all right ! and he left her breathless and unable to articulate another word. When he returned they were quietly mar ried. "No cards.' " General Crook as a Boy. A New York World reporter had an inter view the other day with Gen Robert Schenck about Crook and his appointment, in which the veteran diplomat said : "I had looked over the district to find a bright lad to nominate to West Point. I finally remembered that Squire Crook, a fine old Whig farmer and friend of mine, had two boys, and I sent word for him to come to town. He came in, and I enquired if he had a spare boy he'd like to send off to West Point." "After studying awhile he said he did not know bat he had. I suggested that he send him in. The boy was exceedingly uncom municative. He had not a stupid look, bat was quiet to reticence. He did not seem to have the slightest interest or anxiety abont my proposal. I explained to him the labors and requirements of the military schools, and finally asked him : "Do yon think you can conquer all that?" His mono syllabic reply was, '111 try.' And so I sent him, and he came through fairly." A GREAT PROJECT. The Pneumatic Tube to be Laid Be tween Chicago and New York. [Cleveland Herald.1 _ j A novel and interesting enterprise was this week brought to light through the medium of a New York civil engineer,who is at Chicago in connection with the estalishment of a pneumatic pipe line between New \ ork and Chicago. The plans, as partly developed, are to lay a four-inch pipe for the purpose of transmitting letters, messages, grain samples, jewelry and other light packages at a maxi mum tariff of 10 cents lor packages and 5 cents for letters, etc. Way stations will be established at Cleveland, Buffalo, and possi bly one other point. The pipe will be tlie ordinary tubular kind in common use, and the entire line will be made perfectly air tight, with brass stations at the points named The boxes for the conveyance ot messages will be made from sole leather, with wood air registers, as used in short pneumatic tubes. Engines of 25 horse power to drive the air pumps, will be placed at the termini, and smaller ones at the way sta tions. Seventeen patents for various devices have been secured by the originators of the scheme, and no doubt some of them will be made available in working the line. The plan of operating, as far as revealed at pres ent, will be about as follows : Commencing at 6 o'clock in the morning, Washington time, the boxes containing through packages will be fed in the tube at Chicago and blown toward New York, while the Chicago pump is filling the tube and the New York pump is exhausting the air. The last box started at Chicago, at 6:30, will have a patent signal attachment, which at Cleveland, automati cally announces its arrival. The local boxes are then inserted there, and later on at Bul falo. The last box will arrive at New York at 10 o'clock, the trip being made in about 4 hour. Then the line is cleared for west bound traffic for the following four hours, and so on, alternately, day and night. It is expected that during each period of four hours 1,000 boxes can be transmitted, each earning about.$2 in freights, or $12 during the twenty-four hours, being an aggregate of $12,000 per day for the line. The cost of operating it is estimated at only $1,155 daily, which iucludes 300 pipe-section men (re pairers), 50 station operators and 100 deliv ering and collection messengers, hence the net earnings can reach the enormous aggre gate of at least $3,000,000 annually—at least it is thus figured out on paper. But even allowing a very wide margin for errors and omisssions, the profit of operating the pneu matic pipe-line promises to be very large. The cost of laying the line will be something less than $4,000 per mile, and the entire plant will not exceed $4,250,000. The pro jectors confidently anticipate an immediate PROFIT OF 20 PER CENT on the investment. The next serious obsta cle to the present consummation of the scheme is the right of way, but it is said the parties interested have been secretly obtain ing this at little cost. The pipe will be placed underground in the cities, but the bulk of the lines will extend along tracks of certain railroads, the pipe in most instances being attached to and swung from the ties. For certain short distances for connecting links the pipe will pass through fields and along country roads, where it will be placed on short "jacks" or pedestals, or swung along the base of fences. In crossing country roads it will he swung on short poles. Three telegraph wires will be attached to and ex tending along the pipe, to he used for elec tric signaling between stations. At least one engineer believes the scheme a feasible one, and if it proves a success it is thought another pipe line will be added for the transfer exclusively of grain from Chi cago to New York, by which method 50,000 bushels could be carried daily for 10 cents per bushel at a profit of $2,500. Grain placed in a tube here would arrive m New York in about five hours, the transfer time beiDg somewhat longer than by the message line. Appliances are now being ex perimented with by which, with the aid of automatic attachments, the grain pipe line would be continually charged from the bins of the principal elevators here, and delivered at a general central elevator at New York. The grain, it is claimed, would be improved in transit, as it would pass through a patent dust-pan upon its dis charge into the New York elevator. The capacity of the line being only about 18,000, 000 bushels annually it would not seriously interfere with railway traffic. The projectors of the enterprise state that the money necessary to carry out the plans expeditiously is pledged, and at a conference to be held on the 28th inst. the full details will probably be made public. CHUNKS OF GOLD. The Wonder of the Four Hills. in and or or 50 ly are the if a all by a a I to Sierra County, Cal., is noted for showing ing the richest quartz in the world, and the wonderful bonanza uncovered at Four Hills mine this summer is but another convincing proof that that county is entitled to being called the banner county in the State. Mr. Philips, of Eureka, paid a visit to the Four Hills mine recently, and on his return gave the following facts relating to that property to the Plumas National : "Under the former workings of the mine a shaft had been sunk to the depth of eighty feet, showing good ordinary milling rock. Some time ago it was found necessary to enlarge this shaft, and work was begun at the top. On one side the miners encountered very rich rock, and in a shaft or pit abont twelve feet long and twelve feet deep, something over $100, 000 was realized. The small mill belonging to the company has been run on the poorest ore, and it is necessary to clean up as often as twice a day. Hundreds of pieces show more gold than rock, and in places ribs of pure gold an inch wide can be found. What the extent of the rich chimney is, it is hard to be determined, but it has every appear ance of being very extensive." The rapidity of the world's progress in certain respects was pretty vividly suggested at Chicago when Mayor Harrison opened the exhibition of railroad appliance with the statement that there are 265,000 miles of the iron ways in operation—enongh to make eleven circuits of the earth—and was fol lowed by a gray-haired mechanic whp ran on the first locomotive that ever hanled a train. j of is m at MINERS' CHARITY. How the Widows are Taken Care ot in the Coal Regions. [New York Sun.J While no organized relief societies exist among the colliers, there is a general system , in vogue which does its work well and : - . ,)ll l ; promptly. Every printing office in thfe j region is visited weekly by persons wanting j rattle tickets. These tickets cost $1 a 100, and are headed "Rattle for a Cooking Stove," 1 or clock, bureau, quilt, table, or some other : article of domestic use. It is announced! that the rattle is for the benefit of a widow ; or an injured miner, and will be held at a i place designated, on the "night after pay I . day." The price of the ticket is generally ! tlo 50 cents. The rattle is in charge of a com-! mittee whose names appear on the ticket, j by Take the ease of a woman, for instance, late- ! . ly made a widow. She has been left penni- i m less, as miners' widows usually are. Every- j u body understands this, and the 100 tickets ! are promptly disposed of among the miners, j who pay for them on pay-day. On that day the widow gets $50 cash. The night of the raffle comes, and possibly one-fifth of the ticket holders assemble. A fiddler, a keg of beer, and a little "hard stufi'" form the ele ments of the entertainment. The young lads join in a dance with the lasses, tlie old men sup and smoke their pipes, and the old women recount the virtues of the deceased miner. About midnight the raffle begins. The names of the ticket purchasers are put into a hat and well shaken. Whoever se cures the prize at once turns it over to the beneficiary. The company breaks up happy over the good time they have had, and the kind deed they have done. That $50 goes a long way in keeping the shadows from the little house. It will sometimes pay a whole year's rent, and it only requires one or two more raffles to keep the widow's poor larder stocked, for it must be remembered that po tatoes, cabbage and meat form the staple articles of diet in these humble homes. A year is a long time for a comely and thrifty woman to remain a widow at the mines, no matter how many children she may have. Jim is killed to-day, and possi bly before the summer ends, Jack, who was Jim's best friend, insists upon marrying Jim's widow. Jim's babies become his. And if you go below the surface you will find the foundation of Jack's action to be pure charity. It is a matter of record that when the terrible Avondale disaster occurred, so many widows and helpless ones were left that the matter of caring for the former speedily was discussed. It was quickly set tled by propositions of marriage, and within a very short time after the calamity the household of every victim was protected. Tlie same spirit exists in every mining community, and is a shield against distress. Attempts have been made to organize mutual benefit associations among the miners, but invariably the schemes have come to grief, usually through the cupidity of the managers. The Miners' unions that have been formed to relieve the distressed miners, and the widows and orphans of miners, have all been wrecked in the shoals of politics. An association of this kind was organized by Charles Parrish, at the time President of the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Company, and a large owner ot the colliers. It was in the flush times of several years ago. His system involved the payment of fifty cents a month by each employe into a general fund. Every miner injured in his work drew out a stated sum for his support during his illness. Every widow got a fixed sum, as did every orphan up to a certain age. Thous ands of miners were enrolled in this organi zation. For not only were the men taxed, but the company itself contributed something. For a long time things went on swimingly. The fund increased a great deal more rapidly than demands were made upon it, until the sum of $60,000 was in the treasury. This accumulation worried the men, who imagined that something would happen to the money. Agitation fanned the fears of the doubting into a blaze of suspicion, until finally, against the earnest petitions of Mr. Parrish, and hosts of well-informed miners, the de mand for a distribution of the fund among the contributors became so obstinate that the trustees turned the money over to the claimants. Since then no other effective sys tem has been adopted. Efforts have been made from time to time to induce the miners to abandon a custom that prevailed among them. Whenever a man is killed in a mine while at work, every man in the colliery where the accident oc curs stops work. Frequently 1500 employes is of a J. it of in a turn out and remain ^"fbr Wo days, ^herë I appears to be a deep superstition that | prompts this peculiar exhibition of respect j for the dead.-_- | Coining a Ton of Silver a Day. [Philadelphia Record. [ "We have been turning out about a ton ot silver a day for some time past," said Super intendent Snowden, of the Mint, recently. "The most of this is in dollars, and some small coin, notably dimes. The demand for five-cent nickles is a little ahead of us, and although we turn out $5,000 worth a day, weighing some 16,000 ounces, we find we are behindhand, but we will catch up before the end of the week. About three-quarters of a ton of pennies are manufactured daily, and they are in demand as fast as made. It strikes me that the South and West must be beginning to use pennies again, more espe cially the former. For some years pennies were an almost unknown article south of Washington, but they are gradually again creeping into circulation. A Bread Clock. A Peruvian, living at Milan, has made a clock entirely out of bread. Too poor to purchase metal, and with only a certain allowance of bread daily, he deprived him self regularly of the soft portions of the loaf, satisfying his hunger with the crusts. He used a certain salt to solidify the material, which then became hard and perfectly in soluable in water. The clock keeps good time, and the case, made of hardened t]fead, is handsome.___, t> A recent discovery on the head of,,.the Cowlitz river reveals and establishes the fact that Washington Territory can now hoakt of the grandest waterfall in the known wbrld, its height being 1,500 feet. Thee«, .falls are 1,300 feet higher than the famous Niagara Falls. PRFERRED FOR PRESIDENT. An Advance Expression from Thirty' Eicht States. , , • : - over thirty-eight _______ __ ___ ______ _____ States, askin; l o a ! ; answers to the following questions : • [New York Special.] The Times publishes one of the most corn forecasts of a Presidential cam j Paign ever prepared. Early in June the j Times sent letters to over four hundred points in the 1 : . First-\Vho is most lrequently spoken ot ; Fy Republicans in your vicinity as their first i <*oice for Presidential candidate in 1884 ? I . Seeond-What other names are men ! tlo °od • . , Third W ho is most lrequently mentioned j by Democrats as their hrst choice i ! . Fourth-W hat other names are mentioned, i m abou } ^hat order as indicating their pop j u ,Ry ■ . , ,. „ ., ! Answere have been received lrom 344 ot j these points. The replies show that orty one Republicans are mentioned. Mr. Blaine is a head and shoulders in front of the oth ers. Apart from Ins own State he finds most favor in the Middle and Western States. President Arthur is next in strength, and his friends are pretty evenly distributed throughout the country. It is clearly shown that a large part of, or indeed the entire vote of the South, will be cast in the National Convention for Mr. Arthur. Third in the contest is Mr. Edmunds. His strength is very evenly distributed in the different States. These three gentlemen received the voice of 224] of the 324 places which express a preference—Blaine 103, Arthur 64, Ed munds 57]. Robert T. Lincoln stands high among the new candidates—only three, Grant, John Sherman and Logan, coming between him and the leaders. The possibil ity of his selection is rarely left out of the discussions. The following will show the relative strength of the various Republican candidates : Fairchild....................... 4 Hawley........................ 2 Cornell.......................... 2 Allison........................ 2 8. F. Miller.................. 2 Sheridan....................... 1 Folger .......................... 1 Windom....................... 1 No expression ..............20 Blaine....................103 Arthur.................. 64 Edmunds..............54* \ Grant....................19 J. Sherman...........17 Logan.................... 14 Lincoln................. 12% Harrison............... 12 W. T. Sherman ..... 6 Gresham............... 4 DEMOCRATIC ASPIRATIONS. The number of aspirants for the Demo cratic nomination is forty, and their stand ing is as follows : Morrison....................... 3 Eaton........................... 2 Parker...................... 2 Hewitt.......................... 2 Hendricks..................... 1 Jewett........................... 1 Palmer.......................... 1 English........................ 1 No expression............... 1 Tilden ....................120 McDonald.............. 72% Bayard.................. 31 % Hancock............... 35 Butler.................... 20% Thurman..,............ 17% Cleveland............. 11 Randall................. 5 Flower.................. 4 Hoadly................... 4 Samuel J. Tilden leads his party even more markedly than Blaine leads the Repub lican feeling. Two-fifths of the points re porting award him first choice, and his strength, again like that of Blaine, would have been increased if he had come out promptly and demanded the nomination. It is not always the old ticket, as Hendricks seems to have fallen in disfavor in some quarters. McDonald comes next to Tilden. Geographically, the Eastern, Middle, and ex treme Western States alone disfavor him. He makes a very strong showing as second choice. Bayard has apparently a hopeless showing, judging from the talk ol his ad mirers. Butler comes next. Massachusetts sustains him, and that is about all there is of him. The sentiments of the Democracy in regard to him exhibit every feeling, from the utmost contempt through respectful fear to alleged genuine admiration. It must be borne in mind, however, in setting Demo cratic standards, that Hoadly with an "if " attached to him looms up ready to smash all slates. If he is elected Governor of Ohio he may lead all in the race ; but for the present he is a conditional candidate. Mark Twain on Scienoe. In his new book Mark Twain calculates : The Mississippi, between Cairo and New Orleans, was 1,250 miles long 176 years ago. It was 1,180 after the cut-off. It has lost 67 miles since. Consequently its length is only 973 miles at present. Now, if I wanted to be one of those ponderous scientific people, and 'let on' to prove what had occurred in the remote past by what had occurred in a given time in the recent past, or what will occur in the far future by what has occurred in late years, what an opportunity is here. Geology never had such a chance, nor such exact I dates to argue from Nor 'development of | species, either. Glacial epochs are great j things, but they are vague vague. e | 0 ^ space 0 f 176 years the lower Mis sissippi has shortened itself 242 miles. This is an average of a trifle over one and a halt miles per year. Therefore, any calm person who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the old oolitic Silurian period, just 1,000,000 years ago next November, the Mississippi river was upward of 1,300,000 miles long, and stuck out over the gulf of Mexico like a fishing rod. And by the same token, any person can see that 742 years from now the Lower Mississippi will he only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets to gether and be plodding comfortably along under one Mayor and Board of Aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conject ure out of such a trifling investment of fact." « Strange Way to Reach a Verdict. [New Y'ork Sun, May 26th,]. The case of Marriott, the Parisian clerk, who ran off with $75,000 worth of diamonds, assumed a surprising phase yesterday. He was committed on Tuesday for larceny, and remanded to await sentence. But Judge Gildersleeve heard something about the way in which the jury are said to have reached their verdict. The jury, according to re port, stood seven to four for eonviction at the first ballot, but the dissenting four were de termined in the position they had assumed. Thereupon one of the jurors announced that he had during recess consulted a disinterest ed lawyer, who said that legally there should be a conviction, and so there was an agree« ment to convict, with a recommendation to the mèrey of the court. This is a strange wav of arriving at a verdict.