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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, August 02, 1883, Image 1

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Volume xvii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 2, 1883.
No. 37.
LISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
- O
Terms of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD:
Ho*tnt;e, in all cases, Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
r 1 hers, delivered by carrier,
A
. Year, by mail.
rell
■der to receive attention.
omrnunications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
«4 00 ' ject
2 Ob j one
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, V)u j
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- ............................... ........... c 00 !
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of address unit be vuule promptly mid | st
hut requests MUST yive the post office •
« the one to which such change is de- Y
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A
THE BAKER BOY'S LAMENT.
San Francisco Argonaut.]
In a certain building on a certain street in this
( itv there was a certain studio presided over by a
certain artist. In an adjoining room worked cer
tain young ladies, studying under the artist's su
pervi'sion. Daily at luncheon time they were wont
to take from a bt ker boy certain loaves of bread.
They changed tneir arrangements, and notified
the baker boy thereof by affixing to their door the
laconic legend : " No more bread." The next
morning they found beneath the door the follow
ing screed : ]
Oh, ladies fair, 1 note with grief
Your mandate curt and cruel—
No more my tender loaves shall serre
As your »esthetic fuel.
No more your pearly teeth shall crunch
My sweet and crispy baking;
Though of my heart you've smashed the crust
By this your cool leave-taking.
Full many a maid, I know, doth prize
The flaky rolls I send her,
And laud in amatory strain
The morsels sweet and tender.
Full many a heart like yeast doth swell
As I approach the portal—
Would deem herself as baker's wife
A more than lucky mortal.
But never yet their glances could
To warm emotion win me,
Nor all their arts enkindle yet
An oven heat within me.
Your grace and beauty—yours alone—
It was my passion heeded ;
Your fingers like a lump of dough
My feelings shaped and kneaded.
I know 'twas weak to nurse a hope
Far, far too aerated ;
To be a baker crossed in love.
I know, alas! I'm fated.
And so my saddened round I go
On duty's high endeavor ;
But from my soul the peace is gone.
Too well 1 know, forever.
A lover, I, alas! must be
By doleful woe downtrodden,
And bear a heart (unlike my loaves)
Within my breast half sodden !
Why should I live a wretched life,
With all desire unsated,
When open stands my furnace there,
And I may be cremated !
I'll pile the faggots in with speed ;
I'll be myself the batter;
And to white dust this form will change
Which the cold wind may scatter.
Good-bye ! and when the buttered slice
From'the crisp loaf you sever.
Pray think of him whom fervid love
Hath carbonized forever !
[At first the young women imagined that the
lines really came from the baker's boy, and that
he had a soul above baking. But on reflection
they changed their minds and ascribed the doleful
lay to a certain mischievous lawyer who had
rooms on the same floor. So the following morn
ing there appeared upon the door this reply :]
INFELICE !
Oh, carbonize thy doughty heart
Not yet, too ardent baker ;
Nor threaten, as a dainty tart,
To stand before thy Maker.
Ascend our high Parnassus flight,
Bring all the lo(a)ves you chooses ;
Think not maids have less appetite
Because they court the Muses.
We never meant those hasty words
To work like yeast within you ;
But, rather, ,: ke dissolving curds,
To thaw your heart and win you.
0 baker ! see the shining mark !
We pine for an adorer ;
1 n thee we see a new Petrarch—
Oh, find in us a Laura !
JEANNETTE'S HAIR.
MILES O'REILLY.
"Oh, loosen the curls that you wear, Jeannette.
Let me tangle my hands in your hair my pet,"
For the world to me had no danitier sight
Than your brown hair veiling your shoulders
white.
It was brown with a golden gloss, Jeannette,
It was liner than the silk of the floss, my pet,
Twas beautiful mist falling down to your wrist,
Twas a thing to be braided and jeweled and
kissed,
Twas the loveliest hair in the world, my pet.
My arm was the arm of a clow r n, Jeannette,
It was sinewy, bristled and brown, my pet ;
But warmly and softly it loved to caress
Your round, white neck and your wealth of tress,
Your beautiful and plenty of hair, my pet.
Your eyes had a swimming glory, Jeannette,
Revealing the old, dear story, my pet : _
They were gray with the chastened tmge of tue
sky
When the trout leaps quickest to snap the fly,
And they matched with your golden hair, my pet.
Your lips—but I have no words, Jeannette,
They were fresh as the twitter of birds, my pet.
When the spring is young and the roses are w T et
With the dewdrops in each red bosom set.
And they suited your gold-brown hair, my pet.
Oh, you tangled mv life in your hair, Jeannette,
Twas a silken and golden snare, nay pet,
But so gentle the bondage, my soul did implore
The right to continue your slave evermore,
With my fingers enmeshed in your hair, my pet.
Thus ever J dream what you were, Jeannette,
With your lips and your eyes and your hair, my
i>et.
In the darkness of desolate years I moan
And my tears fall bitter over the stone
That covers your golden hair, my pet,
Not His Equal.
[Arkansas Traveler.]
"I shall not resent your insulting lan
guage," said an Arkansas Celonel to a man
who had called him a liar. "You are not
my equal in social standing, and I shall pay
no attention to you." The man slapped the
Colonel's face. "I shall not resent any
slaps, for I cannot afford to lower myself to
your level."
"You wont't fight me, eh ?"
o sir."
"You won't challenge me because it would
reflect discredit on you to meet me on the
field ?"
"You are correct."
"Let's take a drink, then."
"All right. I'm your man. Give me a
mint toddy."
he
to
if
WEBSTER'S MONEY DEALING.
A Shrewd Transaction Between the I
Famous Secretary of State and Mr. j
Choate.
[Boston Budget.J j
Daniel Webster's financiering is the sub
"*
' ject of many anecdotes at Washington, and
j one of them thus describes how he one day
; assisted his friend Rufus Choate. Choate
needed $500 and he applied to Mr. Webster.
j "Five hundred dollars!" said Webster. "No,
I I haven't that amount, but I will get it for you,
! Choate." The latter was glad to hear it and
I would wait. "Draw your note," said Web
| st * T11 gj it and bring you the money.
• , , .. Ä _
Y hile you are about it make the note lor a
! thousand ; a thousand is as easy to get as
! five hundred." Mr. Choate said that five
1 hundred was all he needed. "I will take the
* other five hundred," said Webster. The note
I was drawn and Mr. Webster, taking his cane
! went into the avenue. "Good morning, Mr.
Corcoran, good morning," said he as he en
i tered the great banking house, which was
the fiscal agent of the Government. "Good
morning, Mr. Secretary," said the great
banker in the blandest manner. "What is it I
can do for you this morning, Mr. Secretary ?"
Mr. Webster was Secretary of State at the
time.
"A little favor for my friend Choate. He
wants a little money, and I thought I could
get it for him. A thousand I believe he
made his note for," passing the paper to the
banker.
There was no such thing as hesitating,
much less declining, and so the banker was
only happy to accommodate the head of Mr.
Fillmore's Administration. The gold was
laid out in two equal piles at Mr. Webster's
request. Putting one in each pocket, and
with one of the bows which Mr. Webster
only could give, he departed. "Here, Choate,
here is five hundred," said the great expoun
der, entering where Choate was waiting.
Handing him the gold, Mr. Webster resumed
his reading where he had been interrupted by
Choate's entrance. This story has a mysteri
ous confirmation in the recent statement that
Mr. Concoran still has in his collection of au
tographs a note for $1,000 signed by Rufus
Choate and indorsed by Daniel Webster.
BLAINE'S WONDERFUL MEMORY.
A Story of Two Ohio Campaigns Told
by Senator Thurman.
tue
my
not
pay
the
any
to
the
a
[Cleveland Leaden.J
This is a story which Senator Thurmau
told: "In 1876," he said, "Blaine came to
my town and made a speech. I went to
hear him. While I was talking to him at
the place where he had spoken, I saw in the
crowd an old farmer of wealth and conse
quence, a client of mine, w^o is a staunch
Republican. He was regarding with much
interest the great Republican leader of whom
he had head so much, but never before had
seen. I beckoned for him to come up, and
said : 'Mr. Blaine, I want to present you to
'Squire Brown.' Blaine was very cordial,
and, in his magnetic way, soon had my old
friend perfectly delighted. Brown was a
noted breeder of horses, and that day had
driven into town behind a pretty pair of
four-year-olds. Blaine took a look at the
horses and said : 'Squire, have you ever train
ed that near colt ? He would make good
time, if properly handled, I think.' With a
few other words he went away with me,
and saw no more of Mr. Brown.
In 1880 Blaine came to Ohio and spoke
again at my tov n. I was on hand. When
he had closed his speech the people came up
to speak to him. Suddenly looking up, he
saw 'Squire Brown at a distance. The old
man was wondering if Blaine would remem
ber him. Leaving the crowd about him,
Blaine walked straight to Brown, and, calling
him by name, shook hands with him cor
dially, and, after talking a few minutes, said :
"'Squire Brown, did you ever train that near
colt you were driving four years agj when I
met you? I have thought of that colt, and
believed he would have made a good trotter
if properly trained." "Now," said Judge
Thurman, "it had been four years since that
circumstance occurred. Blaine had an im
mense number of things to think of in that
time, and yet he had recalled the man and
remembered, without difficulty, precisely
what had happened so long ago. To my
mind it was one of the most wonderful feats
of memory I have ever known."
The Petroleum Fields of the World.
The relative importance of the oil fields of
the world are succinctly stated as follows, in
the July Century , by E. Y. Smalley, in his
graphic and splendidly illustrated article on
"Striking oil": "Nearly all the petroleum
that goes into the world's commerce is pro
duced in a district of country about 150
miles long, with a varying breadth of from
one to twenty miles, lying mainly in the
State of Pennsylvania, but lapping over a
little on its northern edge into the State of
New York. This region yield'd, in 1881,
26,950,813 barrels, and in 1882, 31,398,750
barrels. A little netroleum is obtained in
3Vest Virginia, a little at various isolated
points in Ohio, and a little in the Canadian
province of Ontario. California is also a
small producer. There is also a small field
in Germany, a larger one, scantily developed,
in Southern Russia, and one still larger, per
haps, in India. The total production of all
the fields, outside of the region here de
scribed, is but a small traction in the general
account, however, and has scarcely an appre
ciable influence upon the market. Further
more, the oil of these minor fields, whether
in America or the Old World, is of an inferior
quality, and, so long as the great Pennsylva
nia reservoir holds out, can only snpply a
local demand in }he vicinity of the wells."
A Fireman's Brave Act.
Chicago, July 11.—Thomas King, a fire
man on the freight train of the Milwaukee
& St. Paul railroad, gave a rare exhibition
of nerve and coolness yesterday. The train
when near Franksville, Wisconsin, was go
ing thirty miles an hour, and a child was
discovered standing on the track a short dis
tance ahead, paralyzed with fear. It was
impossible to stop the train in time to save
the little one. King ran forward, stationed
himself on the cowcatcher, and, bracing him
self, advanced one foot as far as possible,
and as the train reached the child he lifted
it from the track with his foet and tripped
it unceremoniously into a ditch. The moth
er of the child had justr-discovered its peril
and stood transfixed with horror.
on
of
A
as
I
A STAGE COACH DIALOGUE.
I The Cheyenne Miner and the Siam Mis
j sionary Clash.
[Correspondent Philadelphia Press. ]
j The seat of honor anti pleasure in a jour
ney overland is by the driver, and there is
always a scramble for it, and the one who
succeeds in securing it is regarded as a lucky
fellow. I got left in my contest for a seat
a
a
a
on the top, and found myself, recently, inside
of the stage with a clergyman and a man
whom I took for a miner, during a trip to
Silver City, N. M. The preacher and I sat
on the back seat, and the native sat facing
us. He was dressed in the regulation cos
tume of the country—dark panis stuck in
his 1 loots and held up by a six-shooter
buckled around the waist, blue flannel shirt,
flaming red necktie, and a great sombrero.
A knife was stuck in bis boot, and be car
ried a Winchester rifle on the seat beside
him. Taking him all in all, he was about
as ugly looking a specimen of humanity as
I have met. As the stage rolled along, the
miner looked out of the window as if in
deep thought. The preacher and I entered
into conversation, during which he asked
my business. I told him, when he asked :
"Do the great papers buy the literary ar
ticles ?"
"Yes, sir, when they are good."
"Do they pay for them liberally ?"
"They do when they accept the articles. '
"Well, I have got some very interesting
subjects I could write about," he continued,
as the stage jolted along over the rough road,
making it a little hard to distinguish what
he was saying. "For five years I was a mis
sionary at Siam, and saw many strange and
even startling things."
"What were these scenes yon refer to ?" I
asked.
"Well, the punishment of criminals was
exceedingly strange and is worthy of de
scription. When a person is convicted of
crime there he is taken out upon the public
square for execution. His neck is bared
well down upon his shoulders, and the exe
cutioner dips his fingers in mud and with it
makes a mark upon the neck of the doomed
man."
"What kind of mud ?" shouted the miner
in a voice like a thunder clap, while he
glared at the parson savagely. I noticed
that, although he kept peering out of the
window, he had followed our conversation
for some time.
"A sort of yellowish mud," replied the
preacher, evidently disturbed by the miner's
look and manner.
But he continued : "The executioner then
takes his sword and with one quick and de
cisive blow severs the victim's head from his
body."
' And I was a barber there for seven years,
and I never shaved you, neither."
"My friend, that cannot be ; for the people
never shave there."
"That's another one of your infernal lies.
They are as clean a shaven set of people as
there are in the We \ You're a nice man
to be giving the town a bad name after you
have left it. If it weren't kind of agin the
fashion to hit a parson I'd knock your head
off of you for lies," cried the miner, getting
madder every minute.
"My'clear friend," said the minister im
ploringly, "there certainly must be some
mistake. You do not mean to say that you
were a barber in the Kingdom of Siam,
where the people never shave ?"
"Oh, I thought you were talking about
Cheyenne," said the miner, as he fell back
into his seat disgusted,
I was the only man who seemed to enjoy
this amusing incident, and even I found it
good policy to show as little disposition to
laugh as possible. The stage rolled on for
miles after it occurred, and not a word was
spoken by any one. The miner looked more
intently than ever out of the window, and
yet there was not an expression on his stolid
face to indicate what Lis thoughts were.
The preacher looked as intently oat from
the opposite side of the stage, and I spent
my time watching the miner, looking at the
strange region through which we were pass
ing. _________
Married in a Great Hurry.
[St. Louis Post-Dispatcli.]
"The quickest courtship on record," said
one old resident, "was that of Dr. Nick Mc
Dowell, who, driving along the street in his
buggy one day, saw a beautiful girl stand
ing at the window. He immediately stop
ped and hitched his horse, rang the bell,
inquired the lady's name, was ushered into
the parlor, announced his own name, said
he was 'pleased with her appearance and
wished to marry her at once.' Nothing but
the knowledge that she was actually in the
presence of the celebrated physician kept
her from fainting. To her plea 'of surprise
at this unexpected announcement' he only
replied, 'Now or never.' When she asked
'to take a week to consider' he said 'I am
going down street to attend a critical case
and have no time to spare right now.'
" 'Give me a day, then.'
" 'I'll tell you what I'll do. When I am
through with this professional visit I'll
drive around and get a preacher. If you've
made up your mind to marry me by that
time all right ! and he left her breathless
and unable to articulate another word.
When he returned they were quietly mar
ried. "No cards.' "
General Crook as a Boy.
A New York World reporter had an inter
view the other day with Gen Robert Schenck
about Crook and his appointment, in which
the veteran diplomat said :
"I had looked over the district to find a
bright lad to nominate to West Point. I
finally remembered that Squire Crook, a fine
old Whig farmer and friend of mine, had
two boys, and I sent word for him to come to
town. He came in, and I enquired if he had
a spare boy he'd like to send off to West
Point."
"After studying awhile he said he did not
know bat he had. I suggested that he send
him in. The boy was exceedingly uncom
municative. He had not a stupid look, bat
was quiet to reticence. He did not seem to
have the slightest interest or anxiety abont
my proposal. I explained to him the labors
and requirements of the military schools,
and finally asked him : "Do yon think you
can conquer all that?" His mono
syllabic reply was, '111 try.' And so I sent
him, and he came through fairly."
A GREAT PROJECT.
The Pneumatic Tube to be Laid Be
tween Chicago and New York.
[Cleveland Herald.1 _ j
A novel and interesting enterprise was this
week brought to light through the medium
of a New York civil engineer,who is at
Chicago in connection with the estalishment
of a pneumatic pipe line between New \ ork
and Chicago. The plans, as partly developed,
are to lay a four-inch pipe for the purpose of
transmitting letters, messages, grain samples,
jewelry and other light packages at a maxi
mum tariff of 10 cents lor packages and 5
cents for letters, etc. Way stations will be
established at Cleveland, Buffalo, and possi
bly one other point. The pipe will be tlie
ordinary tubular kind in common use, and
the entire line will be made perfectly air
tight, with brass stations at the points
named The boxes for the conveyance ot
messages will be made from sole leather,
with wood air registers, as used in short
pneumatic tubes. Engines of 25 horse power
to drive the air pumps, will be placed at the
termini, and smaller ones at the way sta
tions. Seventeen patents for various devices
have been secured by the originators of the
scheme, and no doubt some of them will be
made available in working the line. The
plan of operating, as far as revealed at pres
ent, will be about as follows : Commencing
at 6 o'clock in the morning, Washington
time, the boxes containing through packages
will be fed in the tube at Chicago and blown
toward New York, while the Chicago pump
is filling the tube and the New York pump
is exhausting the air. The last box started
at Chicago, at 6:30, will have a patent signal
attachment, which at Cleveland, automati
cally announces its arrival. The local boxes
are then inserted there, and later on at Bul
falo. The last box will arrive at New York
at 10 o'clock, the trip being made in about 4
hour. Then the line is cleared for west
bound traffic for the following four hours,
and so on, alternately, day and night. It is
expected that during each period of four
hours 1,000 boxes can be transmitted, each
earning about.$2 in freights, or $12 during
the twenty-four hours, being an aggregate of
$12,000 per day for the line. The cost of
operating it is estimated at only $1,155 daily,
which iucludes 300 pipe-section men (re
pairers), 50 station operators and 100 deliv
ering and collection messengers, hence the
net earnings can reach the enormous aggre
gate of at least $3,000,000 annually—at least
it is thus figured out on paper. But even
allowing a very wide margin for errors and
omisssions, the profit of operating the pneu
matic pipe-line promises to be very large.
The cost of laying the line will be something
less than $4,000 per mile, and the entire
plant will not exceed $4,250,000. The pro
jectors confidently anticipate an immediate
PROFIT OF 20 PER CENT
on the investment. The next serious obsta
cle to the present consummation of the
scheme is the right of way, but it is said the
parties interested have been secretly obtain
ing this at little cost. The pipe will be
placed underground in the cities, but the
bulk of the lines will extend along tracks of
certain railroads, the pipe in most instances
being attached to and swung from the ties.
For certain short distances for connecting
links the pipe will pass through fields and
along country roads, where it will be placed
on short "jacks" or pedestals, or swung along
the base of fences. In crossing country roads
it will he swung on short poles. Three
telegraph wires will be attached to and ex
tending along the pipe, to he used for elec
tric signaling between stations.
At least one engineer believes the scheme
a feasible one, and if it proves a success it is
thought another pipe line will be added for
the transfer exclusively of grain from Chi
cago to New York, by which method 50,000
bushels could be carried daily for 10 cents
per bushel at a profit of $2,500.
Grain placed in a tube here would arrive m
New York in about five hours, the transfer
time beiDg somewhat longer than by the
message line. Appliances are now being ex
perimented with by which, with the aid
of automatic attachments, the grain pipe
line would be continually charged from the
bins of the principal elevators here, and
delivered at a general central elevator at
New York. The grain, it is claimed, would
be improved in transit, as it would pass
through a patent dust-pan upon its dis
charge into the New York elevator. The
capacity of the line being only about 18,000,
000 bushels annually it would not seriously
interfere with railway traffic.
The projectors of the enterprise state that
the money necessary to carry out the plans
expeditiously is pledged, and at a conference
to be held on the 28th inst. the full details
will probably be made public.
CHUNKS OF GOLD.
The Wonder of the Four Hills.
in
and
or
or
50
ly
are
the
if
a
all
by
a
a
I
to
Sierra County, Cal., is noted for showing
ing the richest quartz in the world, and the
wonderful bonanza uncovered at Four Hills
mine this summer is but another convincing
proof that that county is entitled to being
called the banner county in the State. Mr.
Philips, of Eureka, paid a visit to the Four
Hills mine recently, and on his return gave
the following facts relating to that property
to the Plumas National : "Under the former
workings of the mine a shaft had been sunk
to the depth of eighty feet, showing good
ordinary milling rock. Some time ago it
was found necessary to enlarge this shaft,
and work was begun at the top. On one
side the miners encountered very rich rock,
and in a shaft or pit abont twelve feet long
and twelve feet deep, something over $100,
000 was realized. The small mill belonging
to the company has been run on the poorest
ore, and it is necessary to clean up as often
as twice a day. Hundreds of pieces show
more gold than rock, and in places ribs of
pure gold an inch wide can be found. What
the extent of the rich chimney is, it is hard
to be determined, but it has every appear
ance of being very extensive."
The rapidity of the world's progress in
certain respects was pretty vividly suggested
at Chicago when Mayor Harrison opened the
exhibition of railroad appliance with the
statement that there are 265,000 miles of the
iron ways in operation—enongh to make
eleven circuits of the earth—and was fol
lowed by a gray-haired mechanic whp ran
on the first locomotive that ever hanled a
train.
j
of
is
m
at
MINERS' CHARITY.
How the Widows are Taken Care ot in
the Coal Regions.
[New York Sun.J
While no organized relief societies exist
among the colliers, there is a general system ,
in vogue which does its work well and : -
.
,)ll l
;
promptly. Every printing office in thfe j
region is visited weekly by persons wanting j
rattle tickets. These tickets cost $1 a 100,
and are headed "Rattle for a Cooking Stove," 1
or clock, bureau, quilt, table, or some other :
article of domestic use. It is announced!
that the rattle is for the benefit of a widow ;
or an injured miner, and will be held at a i
place designated, on the "night after pay I .
day." The price of the ticket is generally ! tlo
50 cents. The rattle is in charge of a com-!
mittee whose names appear on the ticket, j by
Take the ease of a woman, for instance, late- ! .
ly made a widow. She has been left penni- i m
less, as miners' widows usually are. Every- j u
body understands this, and the 100 tickets !
are promptly disposed of among the miners, j
who pay for them on pay-day. On that day
the widow gets $50 cash. The night of the
raffle comes, and possibly one-fifth of the
ticket holders assemble. A fiddler, a keg of
beer, and a little "hard stufi'" form the ele
ments of the entertainment. The young
lads join in a dance with the lasses, tlie old
men sup and smoke their pipes, and the old
women recount the virtues of the deceased
miner. About midnight the raffle begins.
The names of the ticket purchasers are put
into a hat and well shaken. Whoever se
cures the prize at once turns it over to the
beneficiary. The company breaks up happy
over the good time they have had, and the
kind deed they have done. That $50 goes a
long way in keeping the shadows from the
little house. It will sometimes pay a whole
year's rent, and it only requires one or two
more raffles to keep the widow's poor larder
stocked, for it must be remembered that po
tatoes, cabbage and meat form the staple
articles of diet in these humble homes.
A year is a long time for a comely and
thrifty woman to remain a widow at the
mines, no matter how many children she
may have. Jim is killed to-day, and possi
bly before the summer ends, Jack, who was
Jim's best friend, insists upon marrying
Jim's widow. Jim's babies become his. And
if you go below the surface you will find
the foundation of Jack's action to be pure
charity. It is a matter of record that when
the terrible Avondale disaster occurred, so
many widows and helpless ones were left
that the matter of caring for the former
speedily was discussed. It was quickly set
tled by propositions of marriage, and within
a very short time after the calamity
the household of every victim was
protected. Tlie same spirit exists in every
mining community, and is a shield against
distress.
Attempts have been made to organize
mutual benefit associations among the
miners, but invariably the schemes have
come to grief, usually through the cupidity of
the managers. The Miners' unions that have
been formed to relieve the distressed miners,
and the widows and orphans of miners, have
all been wrecked in the shoals of politics.
An association of this kind was organized
by Charles Parrish, at the time President of
the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Company,
and a large owner ot the colliers. It was in
the flush times of several years ago. His
system involved the payment of fifty cents
a month by each employe into a general
fund. Every miner injured in his work drew
out a stated sum for his support during his
illness. Every widow got a fixed sum, as
did every orphan up to a certain age. Thous
ands of miners were enrolled in this organi
zation. For not only were the men taxed, but
the company itself contributed something.
For a long time things went on swimingly.
The fund increased a great deal more rapidly
than demands were made upon it, until the
sum of $60,000 was in the treasury. This
accumulation worried the men, who imagined
that something would happen to the money.
Agitation fanned the fears of the doubting
into a blaze of suspicion, until finally,
against the earnest petitions of Mr. Parrish,
and hosts of well-informed miners, the de
mand for a distribution of the fund among
the contributors became so obstinate that
the trustees turned the money over to the
claimants. Since then no other effective sys
tem has been adopted.
Efforts have been made from time to time
to induce the miners to abandon a custom
that prevailed among them. Whenever a
man is killed in a mine while at work, every
man in the colliery where the accident oc
curs stops work. Frequently 1500 employes
is
of
a
J.
it
of
in
a
turn out and remain ^"fbr Wo days, ^herë I
appears to be a deep superstition that |
prompts this peculiar exhibition of respect j
for the dead.-_- |
Coining a Ton of Silver a Day.
[Philadelphia Record. [
"We have been turning out about a ton ot
silver a day for some time past," said Super
intendent Snowden, of the Mint, recently.
"The most of this is in dollars, and some
small coin, notably dimes. The demand for
five-cent nickles is a little ahead of us, and
although we turn out $5,000 worth a day,
weighing some 16,000 ounces, we find we
are behindhand, but we will catch up before
the end of the week. About three-quarters
of a ton of pennies are manufactured daily,
and they are in demand as fast as made. It
strikes me that the South and West must be
beginning to use pennies again, more espe
cially the former. For some years pennies
were an almost unknown article south of
Washington, but they are gradually again
creeping into circulation.
A Bread Clock.
A Peruvian, living at Milan, has made a
clock entirely out of bread. Too poor to
purchase metal, and with only a certain
allowance of bread daily, he deprived him
self regularly of the soft portions of the loaf,
satisfying his hunger with the crusts. He
used a certain salt to solidify the material,
which then became hard and perfectly in
soluable in water. The clock keeps good
time, and the case, made of hardened t]fead,
is handsome.___, t>
A recent discovery on the head of,,.the
Cowlitz river reveals and establishes the fact
that Washington Territory can now hoakt of
the grandest waterfall in the known wbrld,
its height being 1,500 feet. Thee«, .falls are
1,300 feet higher than the famous Niagara
Falls.
PRFERRED FOR PRESIDENT.
An
Advance Expression from Thirty'
Eicht States.
, , •
: -
over
thirty-eight
_______ __ ___ ______ _____ States, askin;
l o a !
; answers to the following questions :
• [New York Special.]
The Times publishes one of the most corn
forecasts of a Presidential cam
j Paign ever prepared. Early in June the
j Times sent letters to over four hundred
points in the
1
: .
First-\Vho is most lrequently spoken ot
; Fy Republicans in your vicinity as their first
i <*oice for Presidential candidate in 1884 ?
I . Seeond-What other names are men
! tlo °od • . ,
Third W ho is most lrequently mentioned
j by Democrats as their hrst choice i
! . Fourth-W hat other names are mentioned,
i m abou } ^hat order as indicating their pop
j u ,Ry ■ . , ,. „ .,
! Answere have been received lrom 344 ot
j these points. The replies show that orty
one Republicans are mentioned. Mr. Blaine
is a head and shoulders in front of the oth
ers. Apart from Ins own State he finds
most favor in the Middle and Western
States. President Arthur is next in strength,
and his friends are pretty evenly distributed
throughout the country. It is clearly shown
that a large part of, or indeed the entire vote
of the South, will be cast in the National
Convention for Mr. Arthur. Third in the
contest is Mr. Edmunds. His strength is
very evenly distributed in the different
States. These three gentlemen received the
voice of 224] of the 324 places which express
a preference—Blaine 103, Arthur 64, Ed
munds 57]. Robert T. Lincoln stands high
among the new candidates—only three,
Grant, John Sherman and Logan, coming
between him and the leaders. The possibil
ity of his selection is rarely left out of the
discussions. The following will show the
relative strength of the various Republican
candidates :
Fairchild....................... 4
Hawley........................ 2
Cornell.......................... 2
Allison........................ 2
8. F. Miller.................. 2
Sheridan....................... 1
Folger .......................... 1
Windom....................... 1
No expression ..............20
Blaine....................103
Arthur.................. 64
Edmunds..............54* \
Grant....................19
J. Sherman...........17
Logan.................... 14
Lincoln................. 12%
Harrison............... 12
W. T. Sherman ..... 6
Gresham............... 4
DEMOCRATIC ASPIRATIONS.
The number of aspirants for the Demo
cratic nomination is forty, and their stand
ing is as follows :
Morrison....................... 3
Eaton........................... 2
Parker...................... 2
Hewitt.......................... 2
Hendricks..................... 1
Jewett........................... 1
Palmer.......................... 1
English........................ 1
No expression............... 1
Tilden ....................120
McDonald.............. 72%
Bayard.................. 31 %
Hancock............... 35
Butler.................... 20%
Thurman..,............ 17%
Cleveland............. 11
Randall................. 5
Flower.................. 4
Hoadly................... 4
Samuel J. Tilden leads his party even
more markedly than Blaine leads the Repub
lican feeling. Two-fifths of the points re
porting award him first choice, and his
strength, again like that of Blaine, would
have been increased if he had come out
promptly and demanded the nomination.
It is not always the old ticket, as Hendricks
seems to have fallen in disfavor in some
quarters. McDonald comes next to Tilden.
Geographically, the Eastern, Middle, and ex
treme Western States alone disfavor him.
He makes a very strong showing as second
choice. Bayard has apparently a hopeless
showing, judging from the talk ol his ad
mirers. Butler comes next. Massachusetts
sustains him, and that is about all there is
of him. The sentiments of the Democracy
in regard to him exhibit every feeling, from
the utmost contempt through respectful fear
to alleged genuine admiration. It must be
borne in mind, however, in setting Demo
cratic standards, that Hoadly with an "if "
attached to him looms up ready to smash all
slates. If he is elected Governor of Ohio he
may lead all in the race ; but for the present
he is a conditional candidate.
Mark Twain on Scienoe.
In his new book Mark Twain calculates :
The Mississippi, between Cairo and New
Orleans, was 1,250 miles long 176 years ago.
It was 1,180 after the cut-off. It has lost 67
miles since. Consequently its length is only
973 miles at present. Now, if I wanted to
be one of those ponderous scientific people,
and 'let on' to prove what had occurred in the
remote past by what had occurred in a given
time in the recent past, or what will occur
in the far future by what has occurred in late
years, what an opportunity is here. Geology
never had such a chance, nor such exact
I dates to argue from Nor 'development of
| species, either. Glacial epochs are great
j things, but they are vague vague. e
| 0 ^ space 0 f 176 years the lower Mis
sissippi has shortened itself 242 miles. This
is an average of a trifle over one and a halt
miles per year. Therefore, any calm person
who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in
the old oolitic Silurian period, just 1,000,000
years ago next November, the Mississippi
river was upward of 1,300,000 miles long,
and stuck out over the gulf of Mexico like a
fishing rod. And by the same token, any
person can see that 742 years from now the
Lower Mississippi will he only a mile and
three-quarters long, and Cairo and New
Orleans will have joined their streets to
gether and be plodding comfortably along
under one Mayor and Board of Aldermen.
There is something fascinating about science.
One gets such wholesale returns of conject
ure out of such a trifling investment of
fact."
« Strange Way to Reach a Verdict.
[New Y'ork Sun, May 26th,].
The case of Marriott, the Parisian clerk,
who ran off with $75,000 worth of diamonds,
assumed a surprising phase yesterday. He
was committed on Tuesday for larceny, and
remanded to await sentence. But Judge
Gildersleeve heard something about the way
in which the jury are said to have reached
their verdict. The jury, according to re
port, stood seven to four for eonviction at the
first ballot, but the dissenting four were de
termined in the position they had assumed.
Thereupon one of the jurors announced that
he had during recess consulted a disinterest
ed lawyer, who said that legally there should
be a conviction, and so there was an agree«
ment to convict, with a recommendation to
the mèrey of the court. This is a strange
wav of arriving at a verdict.

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