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FISK BROS., - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - Editor. THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1883. Steve Holcomb, one of the oldest gamblers of Louisville, has reformed, and is now a zealous city missionary. The vineyards of California are attacked by a new beetle half an inch to an inch long, jet black and hard shelled. It works nights only. To meet the new revenue reduction the United States Treasury starts on the fiscal year with $30,000,000 more money than it had a year ago. The New York Tribune announces posi tively that under no consideration will Air. Blaine consent to be a Presidential I I I I candidate next year or to return to public j life in any capacity. Since 1870 the interest on the National debt has been reduced from $118,784,960 to $01,436,709, or by the amount of $07, 348,2-31. This is more than the total an nual revenue of the Government up to the beginning of the Civil War. States that will hold elections this year are Kentucky, Iowa, Ohio, Massa chusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Mississippi and Minnesota. Kentucky elects August 6th ; Ohio and Iowa follow in October, the others being November States. John Shipp, son of Professor Shipp, of Vanderbilt University, felt something hard under his pillow when he went to bed at the Edwards House in St. Augus tine, Florida, the other night. Looking under it he found a wallet containing $31,000. W. J. Greene, of Utica, N. Y., had occupied the room the night before and owned the money. I The United States, through DistrictAt tornev Holstein, has brought suit at In dianapolis against Mohr k Mohr, distill ers, at Lafayette, Indiana, for $150,000 claimed to be due as tax on whisky. The defendants' distillery burned some time ago, and with it was destroyed the liquor on which the tax is claimed, and they plead that the destruction of the whisky exempted it from taxation. The contract for building a new steam yacht for William B. Astor has been signed and sent to the ship builders. The boat is to be built of steel, and in no way will be like Jay Gould's yacht Atlanta, as has been reported. Mr. Astor 's yacht to be 535 feet in length on ths water line 30 feet beam, and 20 feet depth of hold. Her regular cruising speed is to be four teen kots an hour day after day at sea. An enterprising citizen of Salt Lake who has the welfare of Utah at heart is visiting Denver for the purpose of in ducing a firm of artesian well borers of that city to establish a branch in Salt Lake. He is satisfied they can do an im mense business in Utah and thousands of acres of land be brought under cultiva tion and made valuable in Salt Lake val ley before the expiration of another year. The of land at Omaha for his The purchase of land at Omaha for stock yards, packing houses, etc., proves to be even a larger deal than was sup posed. About 1,800 acres of land have been secured by an English syndicate three miles southeast of the city, at a cost of about $400,000, and the capital to be invested there will amount to $4,000,000. The works are not to be built until next year, as some of the titles cannot be secured until January 1, 1884. The National Capital in some respects is a trifle slow, but led on by the Terri torial Capital it is adopting telephone communication with Baltimore and other and more distant points. Helena has in operation lines reaching to Deer Lodge, Butte, Clancy, Jefferson City, Wickes and other parts of imperial Montana. This being a veritable and accomplished fact, it is full time that Washington should place herself on speaking terms with the Chesapeake towns north of the Potomac. The St. Paul Pioneer-Press says of the McGeoch failure that it has hardly ceased to surprise the country before it is an nounced that a smart receiver has settled the debts and given Mr. McGeoch a re ceipt in full of all accounts. The whole amount of indebtedness in this failure, which was one of the largest ever known in the United States, was $6,000,000. Of this $4,050,000 was due the banks, and they held collateral for all but $150,000 of it. To customers there was due $1,950, 000, and $700,000 had been deposited as margins and securities. Thus the unse cured debt was left at $1,400,000, which was paid at 50 cents on the dollar, Mr. McGeoch and his friends eking out the scanty assets of $250,000 with $450,000 raised by mortgaging property that under the law was exempt from execution. For accomplishing this result the entire ex pense, including the receiver's fee, was $20,000. It is a question worth asking whether such a failure ought to be so easily settled. The object of McGeoch was one which has no justification in the business code or in point of good morals. It was simply to carry out a bold and un of of in on he a to his compromising process of gambling with marked cards. Having failed, there is serious doubt whether its author ought to be let off so easily. a out face ten it STATE DEBTS. A Washington paper professes to have information that the general government will presently be asked to guarantee the debts of the States whose bonds languish at a discount, at a rate to be fixed. The ; State of Louisiana, for instance, has a ; debt of $12,000,000, and the bonds repre- i senting it are now worth about 70 cents. That State will call in all its bonded debt and will replace it with a new bond, guar anteed by the government, bearing 31 per cent, interest, the whole amount of these new bonds being $8,400,000, or retiring the debt at 7 per cent. Thus the debt of Louisiana will be reduced from $12,000, 000 to $8,400,000, and $3,600,000 of the original amount will be wiped out. The is State will then levy a special tax for the payment of her annual interest to the I United States, which would be less than I $300,0011 per annum, and the new bonds I would be at par. This is the plan. Its I advocates say it will reduce the debt of j some ^ ie '"'* a *- es one-halt, and can do no possible harm to the bondholders, the public or the people of the State. They declare that Wall street will be for it, and that two-thirds of the representatives of the States interested will favor it when the plan is fully understood. This plan originated in the fertile brain of a gen I tleman who was once Secretary of the Treasury, afterward a member of a great banking .house which handled many United States bonds, and is now very largely interested in Southern securities, especially those of Virginia. It will have money behind it, and be pushed on with energy and vigor. The project is being examined by prominent lawyers, and if their opinions are favorable as to the ability of the government under an en : abling act to carry out the scheme it will be tried. GOVERNOR RAMSEY The visit of Hon. Alex. Ramsey, one of the country's most distinguished and pop ular citizen, is a pleasant surprise to this community. His coming was unan nounced, but his greeting has been none the less general and cordial. Immediately his presence in the city became known a large number of prominent gentlemen, among whom were many old acquaint ances, called upon him at the G'osmopoli ta nand bid him hearty welcome to the Capital of Montana. Governor Ramsey in the long years spent in public life evinced a constant interest in and unfalter ing devotion to the Northwest, and more, perhaps, than any man in the Senate labored to promote the welfare of the Ter ritories. As chirman of the Committee on Postoffices and Post Roads, he paved the way for improved mail service and gave to Montana the benefit of increased and multiplied mail facilities on routes of commanding importance to our people. Following the great mail routes have come the great railways, which have found in him a iar-seeiug and devoted friend in their struggles and sacrifices to reach this mountain land. Our people entertain for Governor Ramsey the highest respect, and they feel gratified and honored by his presence in their midst. His stay is too short to extend to him the courtesies which citizens of Hel ena with one accord desire to show. To morrow he leaves for Salt Lake to resume his duties as President of the Utah Com mission. Prof. Huxley does not fear the ex haustion of the sea fisheries. In his ad dress at the International Fisheries Exhi bition he said that an acre of good fishing ground will yield more food in a week than an acre of the best land in a year. He drew a vivid picture of the moving mountain of cod," 120 feet to 130 feet in height, which for two months in every year moves westward and southward past the Norwegian coast. Every square mile of this colossal column of fish contains 120.000. 000 of fish, consuming every week, when on short rations, no fewer than 840.000. 000 of herrings. The whole catch of the Norwegian fisheries never exceeds in a year more than half a square mile of this "cod mountain," and one week's sup ply of the herrings are needed to keep that area of cod from starving. London might be victualed with herring for a year on one day's consumption of the uncaught cod. is the No the lar air. rect but a of age and age ing for that large fact first and In sold the of and Horse son, It gions. grain, rail his this plenish region, exists tinue them on this Of as The failure of Orange Judd, of the American Agriculturist, shows that in this wicked world there is now and then a man who suffers from his own goodness. Mr. Judd's misfortunes are principally the re sult of his benificence. A few years ago he gave $100,000 for the establishment of a hall of natural science at Wesleyan University. He had also given a great deal of money for the building of churches, to Sunday schools and to philanthropic enterprises. He was a strong Methodist, and at conference meetings, when a de ficit in the conference fund was reported, Orange Judd was pretty sure to put his hand in his pocket and make it good. In this way, without due regard to the result, his money was gradually eaten up. An Omaha genius has invented a foun tain pen, a stamp canceler, a double postal card, a sample tube, a burr dresser, a car track cleaner, a fire escape, artificial teeth, a jar cover, a lamp wick and a device for making hands shapely. And still he is deservedly , •>-, but if he could only turn out an am made telegraph line, or a lotion for removing the spots from the face of the sun, the people of the United States would make him rich in thanks in ten seconds. are of to ing cost an The are WAYSIDE GLEANINGS. the The ; a ; i per of the Dillon the Business Centre of Southern Montana—A Substantial Town That is Eapidly Increasing in Importance. IFKOM OCR TRAVELING CORRESPONDENT. J Montana has already known her golden age, when placer mines yielded fabulous amounts of treasure. The silver era quickly followed, and while in its infancy has been united to the age of iron and steam. That this latter epoch is destined to witness the crowning glory of our Territorial history is realized by all, but so boundless are our resources, so vast the field in which the harvest remains to be gathered that few would hazard a prediction as to the what the future has yet in store. One of the Its of do of if : of a of the most singular features of the present era is that no one, however intelligent and well informed, is able to form anything like a correct idea of what the resources of the Territory actually are. The town of Dillon aptly illustrates this fact. In the fall of 1880, on the arrival in Beaverhead valley of the Utah & Northern railroad a townsite was laid out, and within a few weeks a motley collection of frame buildings were erected to supply the immediate demands of business. No one had an idea that the town would be permanent, the prevailing opinion being that while the railroad remained, while the place continued a shipping point for Helena, Bozeman, Butte and Virginia City, some business would be done, but as soon as the road moved on the town would move with it. The road was constructed to Butte, but to the surprise of many, and despite the popu lar verdict, Dillon still remained at her original anchorage. Bozeman and Virginia City freighters still rolled in their trains, however, and it was then predicted that when the Northern Pacific reached the former city, Dillon must evaporate into thin air. Bozeman at length found herself in di rect railroad communication with the East, but still this obstinate town refused to di minish or grow beautifully less. I confess to have been numbered among those of little faith concerning Dillon's future, for why a town should spring up in a locality which had been settled many years and never supported a mercantile house carrying a $50,000 stock was not easily understood. After an absence of two years, I again found myself within its limits, and with in finite surprise discovered that business had steadily increased ; that the streets were full of bustle, and the people well charged with energy, snap,and ambition. A large percent age of the flimsy structures originally in use have disappeared and in their stead many costly blocks, both brick and frame, have risen. Handsome dwellings, surrounded by spacious door yards, in which green lawns and fragrant flower beds attract the eye and delight the senses, give to the place an air of age and stability, despite its tender years. The question naturally arises, why were prophets wrong in their predictions concern ing this town? The answer is easily given, for it has been demonstrated lieyond a doubt that Dillon is a natural trade centre for a large and wealthy region surrounding. This fact was not discovered until after the arrival of the road, but is now no longer questioned. The Beaverhead is one of the first settled and richest valleys in Montana and buys annually large quantities of goods. In former years, however, its produce was sold either in Virginia City or Butte and the supplies required were naturally pur chased at those points. This also was true of an immense region of productive pasture and farming lands besides, which includes Horse Prairie, the valleys of the Jeffer son, Ruby, Big Hole, Rock and Birch Creeks. It is now discovered that this is a natural distributing depot and market for those re gions. * Here the farmers from surrounding districts deposit their baled hay, surplus grain, vegetables, etc., which are taken by rail to Butte. Here the wool grower ships his fleecy crop to Eastern markets. Here dairymen from Horse Prairie have ready market for their butter, while many of the smaller merchants in valleys adjoining find this a convenient point from which to re plenish depleted stocks. In the tributary region, to which reference has been made, exists also several mining camps, steadily increasing in importance, which must con tinue to swell the volume of trade. But of them future reference will be made. Under standing these 'acts it is not difficult to comprehend why the town failed to "move on with the road." But another factor of much importance in this problem is the enterprise of the people. They are "rustlers" in the fullest sense of the term. Not satisfied to quietly await the gradual increase of business they have pushed trade iu every direction with genu ine "Chicago enterprise." A road has been built across the foothills to Lower Ruby valley w r hich saves many miles of travel and is already making good returns. Another has recently been constructed across the mountains tapping the Upper Ruby. This also must yield liberal divi dends on the cost. In a word, the people are united, and when money is required for any public enterprise it is liberally and quick of ton. six the it to past cial the Dillon, as every one knows, is the capital of Beaverhead county and numbers a popu lation of over one thousand souls. The ship ments of wool from this point vary from four to five hundred thousand pounds annually, while the grain trade with Butte and other places is rapidly increasing. The Court House is a substantial two story frame structure which will amply supply all the requirements of county business for years to come. A handsome public school build ing of brick is now being erected at a cost of $13,000. It will be completed and ready for use early in the fall. It would be an ornament to any town in the Territory. The Presbyterian and Episcopal churches are strong and flourishing institutions to of a of of and each have attractive houses of wor ship. The wholesale and retail grocery house of L. C. Fyhrie & Co. is a handsome brick structure and the firm carry an immense line of goods. Their business is large and rapidly increasing. Adjoining is the brick block of Leonard Eliele, who began business in a small frame building three years ago. His line consists of dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, drugs, medicines, toilet and fancy articles. He also deals iu wines and liquors by whole sale. The banking house of Sebree. Ferris & White occupies a tidy brick building. It is a strong financial institution and is under the management of Hon. B. F.White, one of the most successful and popular business men in Montana. The Jno. W. Lowell Wagon Company are erecting a spacious agricultural depot to accommodate their rapidly increasing busi ness. They carry an extensive line of machinery, agricultural implements etc., and are numbered among the heavy firms of the Territory. An imposing ornament to the town is the two-story brick business block of G. W. Dart. The first floor will be occupied as a sales room, the second used for the meetings of secret socities. A warehouse or freight depot of large dimensions has recently been completed by Sebree, Ferris & White for the storing of machinery and other material An important addition to the dwellings of the place will be that of Mr. Orr, one of the wealthiest cattle men in the section. It will be of brick and cost $15,000. Work upon the structure will be begun immedi ately. I have already spoken of the mineral re sources of the region tributary, and will briefly state that the place is surrounded on all sides by mining camps and unorganized districts which even now produce consider able quantities of silver, lead, copper and iron ores. On Birch creek, twelve miles distant, a company has been formed for the purpose of developing a property of great value. I have not visited the spot, but am informed by reliable parties that the company has located several large veins of pure magnetic iron, in exhaustible in quantity and easily extracted. The Omaha Refining Works Company and other parties controlling abundant capital are heavily interested. At present the sales ot crude ores, which are used for fluxing purposes at the mines of Glendale and Butte, amount to $1,800 a month. It is the intention of the company during the coming year to erect an extensive plant for the man ufacture of pig iron and various kinds of machinery. Still further up the stream a new mining district has been recently organized. In the district a number of leads carrying base sil ver ores have been discovered, the most im portant of which belongs to the Railway Mail Mining Company. A sixth interest in their lead sold a few days since for $9,000. Thirty-six miles distant, on Horse Prairie creek, are the coal mines which have sup plied the fuel used in Dillon since the town was first established. The Keystone has a well defined vein nine feet wide. The Red Cliff will average fifteen feet. There are promising indications of coal deposits over a surrounding area of four miles, and it seems more than probable that an important camp will spring up in thatjloeality. Professor Clayton, the well known mining expert, is now developing the "New Depar ture," which is located on the Beaverhead and is nine miles distant from Dillon. The vein varies from ten to fifteen feet in thick ness, and the ore, which is free milling, will average seventy ounces silver. The first shipment of fifty tons selected ores, sent to Eastern reduction works for treatment, yielded $250 a ton net. The company will next season erect large reduction and sam pling works. The mines at the old camp of Argenta are again looming up, their shipments ' for the month of July amounting to two car loads of silver bullion, which were sent to the Omaha reduction works, and netted $260 a ton. of for to of of of of has of this the nels prise of a he town. by the ed, a There is little doubt that sampling works will be erected in the town within the next six months. Mr. Shelby, of the Union Pa cific road, recently intimated that if the business men of Dillon would inaugurate the enterprise, the road would aid them in every possible way. Judging from the past, it is safe to assume that the people of the place will not allow this golden opportunity to pass unimproved. It is true that in the past this ambitious little city has known periods of business depression, but this was largely due to the fact that there were too many business houses for the trade. The difficulty naturally regulated itself. Some merchants moved to other points, others re tired from business, and in the end the finan cial skies became clear; prosperity re turned. F. M. W. —Major A. G. Robinson, U. S. A., who has discharged the duties of Quartermaster of the District of Montana for a term of years, leaves in a few days for Boston, where he is ordered to take post. Major Robinson is a capable and popular officer, a genial and pleasant gentleman, and has made many and lasting friends in this Territory. Our people who have come to know him best, in social and business life, esteem him highly and their kindest wishes will accompany him to his new station in the distant East. Mrs. Robinson, who is greatly beloved by a large circle of acquaintances, will be regretfully parted with. May the good Major and his estimable wife be as pleasantly situated, as happily content, and eqjoy as much of the health and other blessings of this life in their new home as in this community of Montana. _ _ —Mr. George Lacy, the popular young landlord of the Corrinne House, Ogden, ar rived in Helena yesterday on a flying busi ness trip. of & is of of a NOTES OF A TBIP FB0M HELENA TO P0BTLAND. Dcidents—Tie Colnmbia Rim—Portland— Tî*e Salmon Indnslry—Astoria—Kalama— Tacoma—Victoria—Pnget Portland, Oregon, July 25th, 1883. In my last letter I brought you as far as Herron, Montana, where the tourist meets the welcome "Pullman" to convey' him to Portland. I forgot to mention the serious outbreak at Wickesville (a station between Arlee and Herron) last winter, where nine teen outlaws met their death at the hands of the Vigilantes. At each monthly pay-day a number of railroad employes would fail to appear, thus exciting suspicion of foul deal ing, and it was found that a band of maraud ers were murdering the men for plunder and throwing their bodies, weighted with stones, into the river. The Vigilantes took up the matter and after faithful watching discovered the perpetrators of these crimes and dealt with them summarily, by hanging nineteen to neighboring trees. Various devices mark the graves of these deperadoes near the track, and the crutches of Ohio Dan (one of the leaders) serve as his tombstone. Thus ended outlawry in Wickesville, which has not since been similarly visited. The tourist cannot fail to be charmed with the scenery of Clarke's Fork, combining moun tain and river views of picturesque interest and variety and extending as tar as Sand Point, Idaho, where the Pend d'Oreille divis ion of the road commences, extending to Wallula Junction. At sunset we emerge upon the confines of Pend d'Oreille lake, fol lowing its serpentine coast line for several hours. Here may be seen perfect gems of landscape and water scenery. Across bays and inlets, and over long reaches of trestle, the eye never wearies in watching the moun tains clad w T ith majestic firs and pines, whose emerald tints lend a delightful contrast with the dark blue waters of the lake beneath. We cross the Snake river at Ainsworth by transfer ferry, where we first sight the "beau tiful Columbia," in its junction with the Snake. Meeting the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company's line at Wallula Junc tion, where the tourist receives a very fair breakfast, the journey is continued down the Columbia to Portland, a perpetual unfolding of new beauties, scenes, and grandeurs throughout the entire distance. Here the river rushes in headlong leaps through wild chasms and over foaming rapids, gathering below into broad basins, pursuing its course with calm and unruffled surface and repro ducing its turbid banks, or is divided into channels by picturesque willow-fringed and wooded islands. On either side, stretched for miles away, may be seen the wonderful for ests, indigenous to this country, capable of producing timber supply for the whole world for fifty years hence. Farming land does not exist in this region, but its lumber will form the staple production of its future industry. We dine at the Dalles (90 miles from Port land ) whose location renders it a favorite re sort for tourists. Thence to Portland a panorama of unsurpassed beauty is unfolded to the eye, towering cliff's of rocks carved in fantastic shapes, immense stretches of forests of pine and fir extending for miles beyond, varied with the moie modest scenes of poplar groves imprisoned by fern and moss-clad grttoes, all watered by leaping cascades and silvery waterfalls appearing in ever varying contrast, chief among them being Multnomah Falls and Bridal Veil. Shell Rock is a treacherous place, hugging the railroad for some fifty feet and is continually scaling, necessitating the constant presence of work men to prevent accidents. Artificial means of keeping the debris from covering the track have been resorted to, by constructing fences of brush-wood and planting stakes in the treacherous gravel-earth. The Cascade locks are being constructed with the usual slow growth attendant upon government appropriations. It is estimated that $50,000,000 will cover the entire expense of this important work, one-fifth of which has already been appropriated. Some idea of the difficulty of railroad construction in this region may be obtained by a glance at the following figures : Average cost of con struction per mile, $35,000 ; number of ties used, 2,680 ; price paid for ties (each,) $1. There are 57 bridges and trestles and 23 tun nels between Wallula Junction and Port land. is a is at of ing We now arrive at Portland—a perfect sur prise to the traveler, w ho sees nothing but ambitious little towns, yclept cities, after leaving Helena. The following incident serves to show the rapidi.y with which some of these so-called towns are born : A gen tleman told me a friend of his climbed into a tree. after a day's hunt to be out of the reach of prairie wolves, utterly unconscious he was resting on the proposed site of a new town. He was awakened the next morning by the workmen who desired to turn the tree into a flag-pole for the con templated hotel across the way. He descend ed, and in so doing was nearly ruft over by a street car and got his feet entangled in an electric light wire, while he received ten in vitations to take adrink at as many diffejent saloons. Portland is situated on the Willamette river, 122 miles from the ocean, 12 miles above the Columbia. The city extends from the river back to a range of abrupt hills, and is beautifully located on gradually rising ground. Its population now exceeds 30,000 people and is daily growing. It is the seat of an extensive wholesale and retail t ade, and is the central point for the rapidly ex panding railroad system of the Northern Pacific. Its manufacturing interests consist chiefly of extensive lumber and planing mills, iron foundries, carriage, furniture, boot and shoe factories, cooperies, breweries, and numerous smaller industries. The immense commerce of the Columbia river is nearly all transacted at this point, including 8,000.000 pounds of wool, valued at $2,000,000 ; 10 - 000,000 bushels of wheat, valued at $10,000' 000 ; besides shipments of hops, vegetables, fruit, oats, lumber, etc. It is the practical terminus of the N. P. R. R., the Oregon & California R. R., the Oregon Central R. R. and the O. R. & N. Co. It is an important shipping point for European and Asiatic markets, and the busy hum about the wharves denotes the rapid growth of its shipping interests. Not the least among the most important industries is the Oregon Iron and Steel Co whose works are located at Oswego, seven miles south of Portlaud, on the Willamette nver. This company will practically con trol the markets of the Pacific coast for all its products. With the exception of the Pacific Rolling Mill at San Francisco, and two small blast furnaces, one in California and one m Washington Territory, this is the oniy rolling mill on the coast. It owns and controls 600 acres of ore land, yielding 40 Der cent, of metallic iron, with 3,000,000 tons now in sight. The Northern Pacific Rail Oregon Railway and Navigation Company, and the local Oregon roads will draw their supply of iron from this company for repairs and roll ing stock. The cost of making a ton of char coal pig iron at Oswego is $i3, while in the Lwt it» $20. The low cost here arises from îîwiî? 1 muun * the ore8 ' their trac tabüity, and the exceedingly moderate cost of the charcoal produced from timber onthe company s lands. The advantages for build on on ing iron ships in Oregon in competition with other portions of the United States, and th British ship yards are paramount. ' a sun/ rior quality of iron can bejmanufactured here at much lower cost than on the Atlantic coast; a better quality of spars and decking can be obtained and at lower prices than anv place in the world, and a vessel when com pleted can earn twenty per cent, of her cost on her first voyage, whereas an English shin consumes five months time in coming ballast to the Pacific coast to get a cargo* One of the greatest industries of this region is the salmon fisheries. The canner ies are located mostly between Kalama and Astoria on the Columbia river. Some idea of the importance of this trade may he gathered from the following figures: Number of cases (two dozen cans in each case,) packed up to July 1st, 1883, :>40.<i00 ; number packed up to same time last year. 292,312. Number of boats engaged in fish eries, 1,800; cost of nets (each,) $300 to$ loo : cost of boats (average,) $600 ;^price paid f or fish, (each,) 90 cents. The life of these "followers of the deep" is a rough one and crimes are not infrequent among them. They are often the cause of town disturbances and the vigilantes in As toria recently drove a number of them out of the State. The extraordinary ruu of fish this year has not been' equalled in size and numbers since 1879. The Jt exportation of this com modity to foreign ports is very large. It will be the first of November before this season's catch reaches Europe. The salmon are now heading up stream to spawn. The business of canning salmon was formerly very profit able, but it is now- largely overdone, and those that have a large plant investedun the industry would be glad to dispose of it at even losing t figures. Many establishments contracted for the season's catch at 90 cents per salmon, while the fish are now- selling as low as 30 cents, without regard to sizt\ The average size this year is about 22 pounds, but), many fish have been taken weighing 60 pounds. Astoria is situated 110 miles from Port land, a pleasant sail down the river of eight hours. It is an American Venice and is built on piles extending into the river which is here several miles broad. The principal industry is salmon canning, but it is withal a thriving town of good proportions and good people, barring the rough element among the fishermen. It contains several fair hotels and numerous handsome resi dences. The ocean steamers stop at Astoria going to and coming from San Francisco. It is the supply point for the country on both sides of the river for many miles and heavy ships here complete their cargoes. The excursion to Victoria, Vancouvers Island, B. C., via Kalama, New Tacoma, Seattle and Puget Sound is a favorite one with tourists. Leaving Portland at 6 a. m. on one of the steamers of the O. R. A N. Co. your correspondent made the journey to Kalama, a rather unprepossessing place, containing two hotels and a few stores. The town is situated on a side hill several hun dred feet back of the river. At ten o'clock you take the train for Tacoma, 106 miles distant on the Pacific Division of the N. P. railroad, a dreary and monotonous ride through an uninteresting region, heavily timbered and marked by the conspicuous absence of fertile land. The redeeming feature of the trip, how ever, is the superb view obtained of Mount Tacoma from the cars, standing like a senti nel guarding the march of railroad enter prise in the wilderness. Arriving at Tacoma at 4 p. m. you are landed right at the hotel door on the dock of the O. R. & N. Co. To gain the town you must needs :iscend a steep declivity about half a mile, a fine and ex tended view of the Bound being sufficient reward for the labor and time thus spent. Tacoma is a quiet, unobtrusive tow-n of about 4,000 people, with the usual number of banks and stores allotted to a place of its size. It publishes a daily paper containing the Associated Press news, but this vigorous little sheet is principally engaged in a w T ar fare against Seattle for the supremecy of its location over the latter as the Northern Pacific terminus. in at $1. - At 9 p.m.we take the boat for Victoria pass ing Seattle 30 miles from Tacoma, the Queen City of the Sound, with its extensive coal mines and lumber, of the Oregon Improve ment Company, its busy wharves and busier people. The Northern Pacific rail road is contemplating an extension of the line from Tacoma to Seattle which naturally receives the disapproval of the Tacomites. Certain it is, however, that the road, if con structed, will tap one of the richest regions in all the Territory, and I should think company could well afford to make the trial. Landing at Port Townsend, the port of entry for the Sound, the tourist sights San Juan Island and to the westward we soon discovered the low coast line of 3 ancouver Island, now coming into greater prominence by the views of Christ Church Cathedral, and the more prominent resi dences in Victoria. Essentially an English settlement, Victo ria partakes largely of the characteristics of that nation. Its inhabitants are chiefly half-breeds the remnants of the aboriginal settlers, and in one section of the city an In dian settlement may still be found. Beauti ful boulevards diverge in all directions from the city affording walks and drives of un usual length, surrounded by picturesque grounds and charming prospects. The air is especially invigorating and healthful, coining direct from the Sound, and Victoria is des tined to become the watering place of the far Northwest. It is crowded every season with people from Portland and other in terior towns, w here the stifling heats of sum mer oppress the soul and sea-air is an un known quantity in the equation of life. Nearly every day during the season there lawn parties, tennis parties, afternoon teas, (where the genuine English breakfast tea is served) and evening hops, so there is an abundance of diversion from heavier cares. Three miles west of Victoria is Esquimault, with its matchless harbor containing the royal naval dock-yard where stores and am munitions are kept for Her Majesty's vessels of war on the Pacific. The flagship stands at the entrance of the harbor a sentinel over the fleet within. Your correspondent attend ed one of the semi-monthly hops on board the flag ship "Swiftsure" the guests being re ceived by Admiral Stone. Dancing and social enjoyment ruled the hour and we were right royally entertained by one oi the "rulers of the Queen's Naree ." To the reader I can only say, "Come to the Pacific Northwest for your pleasure trips." Heretofore but little known to the tourist, this region is fast becoming a favorite resort, and each year doubles the number of its devotees. Here may be found every variety of river, road, mountain and ocean scenery, and here are concentrated the very essence of scenic effects. One can here forget mortal cares, and the perplexities of life, and be transformed into a child of nature amid the perpetual benisons of Heaven, in a perfect Arcadia. CRAYON. Quick Time. [River Press.] Goods that left Cleveland, Ohio, on the 30th of June arrived here on the Rosebue, only twenty-six days by lake, railroad and river. As a part of the the Rosebud's cargo there are also goods that left St. Louis on the 29th ult., some that were shipped from Chicago on the 30th, from Sioux City on the 3d inst., and from St. Paul on the 6th. This is a good record.