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THE WATER QUESTION.
The Plan lor Its Settlement in Pftickly Pear Vailay Su&sested by a Com mittee Appointed for that Purpose. The Water Association of Prickly J?ear Valley met last Saturday, 6th instant, at Grange Hall. After organizing it was de cided that owiqg to the Fact that the pre sent committee had not received sufficient publicity to secure the attendance of. all concerned, and that the association's action upon the report of the judiciary committee in reference to a plan of settlement of the water question was of considerable mo ment, and in order that all might be made acquainted with the nature of that report —Jo read the report before the association (but not for discussion) and then to have it printed in both the Helena papers—linal action*upon it to be postponed until Satur day, October 13, at 2 o'clock p. m. Below is given the report. - To the Chair and Water Association of Prickly Pear Valley : Your Judiciary .Committee elected by you to examine and measure the minimum quantity of water in the .Prickly Pear creek, and also to investigate and fix the claims thereto for irrigating purposes iu Prickly Pear valley, or at their*election, to | submit to you a plan of settlement between the claimants thereof, beg leave to submit the following report : From the best information before us— from actual measurement, though not wholly reliable, and from other sources— ruuning through a number of years past relative to the irrigatingcapacity of Prickly Pear creek from Biddle Peeve's and below during the irrigating season, say from the 15th of June to the 15th of August, is, commencing with the former date, 3,500 in., ,]ud diminishing to the latter to 1,2(10 in., miners' nu isure. And we hereby notify the public generally not to make any addi tional appropriation either from the creek or its tributaries that would in any way divert the above amount of water there 1'rorn, as all of which we find has been ap propriated or is now owned, subject to pro visions hereinafter mentioned, however, by the following named persons, to wit: [The Committee, not having been able ji to complete the list of names, they are | omitted.] We find, also, that the claims in said creek, running from sixty-fi ve to seventy, have, in the manner of their original, to gether with their repeated appropriations from time to time through the years that have intervened between these dates, so run together in the order of time that we think in equity there are no claims that were appropriated in any given number of these intervening years that should have precedence of the other claims within these dates as to the time of appropriation. These claims we find to be the following : a [Names omitted.] We also find, and so recommend, from the number of acres that were in cultiva tion this season, which were in excess of any former year since the valley was in cultivation, and from the number of these acres that have burned, or that have suf lered for wg»t of water, and also from facts relative to the water that was wanted be cause of the very imperfect method of con veying and appropriating it upon the farms, and also from test measurements of water, and from test trials of the same as to the absolute quantity of water that isnecessary to irrigate 160 acres of land, that there is water enough, if properly husbanded, that Hows along Prickly Pear creek between the periods hereinabove mentioned as the irri gating season of Prickly Pear valley, to supply fill of the claim? mentiqned iß this report, and which comprises all the claims tô water in Prickly Pear creek for irrigat ing purposes in Prickly Pear valley. We, your committee, would, iu view of the above facts that we have elicited upon this important subject, that look so favor ably toward an amicable settlement of the water claims among the claimants thereof as neighbors and citizens of Prickly Pear valley, and in view of the peace and pros perity that would insure to our otherwise much favored valley, upon the pioper ad justment of the water quastion among us— recommend and respectfully urge that each claimant in this association shall have an active irrigating ditch head of water, say 33$ inches miners' measure, to every 16U acres of land in actual cultivation ; pro vided, however, that iu no case shall this irrigating head of water be diminished, ex cept when the nature of the land or the crops, or both, be such as to admit of a less quantity without waste from insufficient quantity when the number of acres in cultivation shall fall below 160 acres. But in such a case it shall be regulated to the party so using it by the time of its use, which shall be fixed according to the time that is necessary to water 80 or 160 acres of land, with reasonable effort, running the water all the time, day and night, until it is gone over, or, which is better, to catch the water at night and run two heads of water through the day until finished. We further recommend that in view of the value of the water which nature has provided for the irrigation of the lands of Prickly Pear valley, where it is at all prac ticable, that reservoirs be constructed to catch the water of nights and Sabbaths, and in no case, through indifference or otherwise, should the water thereof be per mitted to run to waste when others need it to water their growing crops. We would further advise in this plan of settlement of the water interests of this valley, that the claims running from sixty five to seventy—if alter the water of Prickly Pear creek has been properly saved, conveyed and appropriated upon the farms, it should prove insufficient at any time to supply all of the claims in this association with a head of water—have precedence over all other claims in this as sociation above these dates ; and that the remaining claims, running from the year 1871 to 1882, inclusive, shall, if the water should get scarce, regulate the supply among them according to the time of their respective appropriation ; and furthermore, that claims to the minimum quantity of water in Prickly Pear creek shall not be increased in this association above the number hereinabove mentioned. We would also recommend that a canal or canals be constructed^tarting out of the Prickly Pear creek above where the North ern Pacific railroad crosses it, and from thence running in such direction or direc tions as will best serve the interests and the convenience of the several claimants of the water of said creek, and in which to convey its water for irrigating purposes when it is scarce. We think that the farms under the foothills east of the creek should bring their water in one ditch or canal running on the foothills above them ; and that those farms that lie in the lower part of the valley, and those east and near the creek should bring their water in one ditch down on the east side and near the creek ; while those on the west sidp of the creek should convey their water in one ditch down the west side of the creek. tSigned) WALLACE BRECK, JOHN BOWER, J. H. JONES, CHRIS. KENCK, J. D. FERRELL, N. G. BRYSON, R. S. CLARK, Committee. at all it BIG GOLD STRIKE. The Rich Find in the Mammoth Mine, California, Exceeded by that in the Cable Mine, Montana- The Bulk of the Cable Treasure Stolen. California papers tell of an exceptionally rich gold find in the Mammoth mine, Ama dor county, September 6th. In less than two tons of quartz extracted from a "pocket" in the body of the ledge, about 100 feet from the surface, upwards of §75)000 was taken. The gold, as parted from the quartz, was almost black, of the same character as former rich strikes found in the same mine and which attracted the interest and at tention of many mining men on the coast. The Amador DizpatcJi, which gives some particulars of the discovery, .concludes that •'the Mammoth mine find is the richest of the kind ever known in the United States." Iu this assumption the Dispatch isprobably mistaken. Montana has equalled if not ex ceeded it the present year. We refer to the rich pocket find in the Cable mine, near | Philipsburg, Deer Lodge county. In a eom ji | paratively small body of white quartz, of less than two tons weight, very nearly $80, O00 was secured and made off with by a number of the men employed in the development force. Of this large amount of treasure only about $6,000 was recovered by the owners. The guilty one caught confessed to the theft, disgorged his part of the plunder, and implicated those who had shared in the robbery and the amounts they, one after another, skipped the country with. This man was let go—a condition to the confession and the giving up of his share of the stealings. His associates had scattered and placed themselves beyond reach—in the States, iu Canada, and one at least put the sea be tween him and America. We are convinced our informant does not over estimate the value of the Cable find. The theft was first unmasked by one or more of those concerned iu it heed loescy sending numbers of rich specimens to Helena, where they were disposed of at high figures. For one of these quartz pieces of less than a pound's weight a suit of clothes, with an overcoat added, were ex changed. Several of these rich and beauti ful specimens of white quartz with pro truding gold upon all sides of them adorn a number of Helena cabinets. At the time they made their appearance here, last spring, they created no little excitement. They were reported as taken from a new ledge discovered west of the Main Range, its location being kept a profound secret. The similarity of the quartz to bodies struck years ago in the Cable mine led to an investigation and the unearthing of the robbery as stated above. The New Flacer Fields. Letter advices from various parties ou the ground, indicate that the reports of gold discoveries in Shoshone county, Idaho, have foundation in fact. It i3 stated that serious trouble has developed in regard the various claims which have been located in the interests of non-residents, and that several lives have already been sacrificed. Exciting reports of the richness of the dig gings reach Western Montana almost daily, and many parties are leaving there equipped with their winter supplies, with the determination, as some express it, "To make or break." One party left Missoula a few days since with a heavy train of sup plies for winter consumption, and he pro poses to go as far as possible with wagons and then pack his load the remainder of the distance. There is no doubt but gold is there in paying quantities, but the late ness of the season and roughness of the country should be carefully considered be fore deciding to make the journey this fall. Nothing can be done except to se cure claims and endure all the hardships incident to such a region. What it CORNER LOTS. Costs to Open a Street in Helena. The business interests of North Main street have long required the extension of Sixth avenue, so as to bring that important street to an outlet into Main. And it has been long a matter of negotiation with the owners of the property opposite the mouth of Price street and on Jackson street for sufficient ground, the width of the avenue, to bring it to a junction with Main street. The owners of the property, said to be an original street in the plat of the townsite, are Richard Lockey, sixty feet on Main street, and A. M. Holter and John Ming, a similar amount of frontage on Jackson street. Some time since Mr. Lockey offered his lot and building for $10,000 for the pur pose of extending Sixth Avenue to Main street, but his proposition not being ac cepted at the time he afterward raised his price to $200 per front foot. The negotia tions were closed esterday and immediate steps will be take, y the Council to open this important tho. /Ughfare. The money raised to buy out the property owners was paid by the following persons, viz.: John Horsky.............................................. $2,500 C. A. Broadwater........................................ 2,500 S. C. Ashby <fc Co......................................... 2,500 James Sullivan............................................ 2,000 Sanford & Evans............................... 800 Charles Lehman.......................................... 1,000 City Council............ 1,950 C. L. Payne................................................ 500 Other subscribers....................................... 750 Total...................................................$14,500 Paid ont as follows : To Richard Lockey....................................$12,500 To A. M. Holter .............................'............. 1,250 To John H. Ming........................................ 750 This is probably the most expensive street opening that will ever take place in Helena, and shows how very important the owners of neighboring \ operty on North Main street considered the extension of Sixth Avenue to Main street, opposite the mouth of Price street The Lockey prop erty was a sixty foot front with the old Lockey bakery and a small frame house erected thereon, and C. A. Broadwater and John Horsky are the owners of the corners on the new avenne. BROADWAY BRANGH OF GREENHOOD BOHM & CO. niumu luiuùiuk. uulUflùli tUfflIBlt mmuL i .Biucn AlltHh mail* Milk GREEHHOOD BQ fcBACc^ Imported •v And# Domestic Bar GlASSWAR! Mirrors Billiard m ABLE IGA ETC Eiirciii WHOLESALE LIQUORS m I m N ll * ÉB : ™ :m 'X- , MM _a3 m BüSföSMtll WÆ AU IMP WINES, XSJr a We carry a full line of Imported and Domestic Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Billiard Tables, and Bar Goods. An inspection of one good* and prices is requested. OFFICE AT GREENHOOD, BOHM & CO.'S Clothing House, Main Street da.w-8-13 Pay nter& Comstock, DRUGGISTS, HELENA, - MONTANA, A BRIGHT APPLICANT. A Philosopher in Search tion. of a Situa» Postmaster Stackpole, of Deer Lodge, a few days ago received the following appli cation tor work or information, and will furnish the address to any one desiring the services of the writer : Des Moines, Sept. 22nd, 1883. Dear Sir : I will preface a little by re freshing your recollection in respect to that statement of John Stuart Mill, where he substantially says : "The man who brings children into the world without being able to fully provide for all their wants until they are old enough to provide for them selves, commits a great moral crime," and I go further than John and add as a sort of corrollary to his proposition, that the man who brings children into the world and rears them with no other thought but that their mission in life is to spend his accum ulated wealth, commits a greater moral crime. Now, then, I was thus born to the purple, but owing to sudden death and a peculiarly unhappy combination of un foreseen contingencies, I am left an orphan at the tender age of 24 without money and without any strongly defined ideas how to get it. Sad, eh ? I might mention inci dentally that I was graduated at a Law College (with honors, too,) but as that was during my palmy days and done, perhaps, more for accomplishment that for use, I can't count on it as a sure bread-winner. Having all the shyness of Hawthorne, with out any of his talent, modesty precludes my setting out my attainments, but I sup pose I have ordinary intelligence, which, coupled with the proper industry, ought to produce a decent success in any occu pation which does not require peculiar skill and special training. While without pra tical experience, I have, I think, a fair knowledge of Banking and Insurance, for a boy, and while I have never done any manual labor, I know I could soon learn to swing an axe or pick in hasty style ; but I will be honest and confess that I am one of the many sons of man who desire the greatest ease with the least effort. But I can work if I have to—and I have to. I have read a great many articles in your western papers how that every young man of the "right kind" could come to your country and get to the front single-handed, and it seems to be the unanimous opinion of your western press that the "right kind" of a young man is what you commonly call a "Rustler." Now I don't know whether I am a "Rustler" or not, but if you'll give me a chance I'll make you think I am. Now what are the chances for me in your town ? I want to come to your town be cause I have fixed upon it (though blindly and without data) as the Promised Land, and now if you (or any of your fellow townsmen) can help me to a situation, I will make it bring you back more jelly cake than any bread you have cast upon the water for several days. Understand, however, that if I come among you I will just about strike your town with little or no capital except a philosophy that will en able me to accept the inevitable without a a I murmur aud without a kick. Trusting you will pardon me for infringing thus at length upon your time and good nature, and further trusting that you will not toss this idly aside, because it is a matter of importance to me, and awaiting your re sponse with a degree of auxiexty not common to my philosophy, I am Sincerely yours, H. B. W. A Book for Office-Seekers. "Copp's U. S. Salary List aud Civil Ser vice Rules" is the title of a new work re cently prepared by Henry N. Copp, a law yer of Washington, D. C. Ail the Govern ment salaries are given, from President Arthur's $50,000 to postmasters with $500, officials of the Treasury, Interior, War, and Navy Departments, Custom Houses, post offices, and fully 20.000 federal offices ar ranged by States and Territories. Speci men examination questions for admittance to the Civil Service throughout the country are added. The price of the book is only 35 cents. Every person who aspires to offi cial life under Government should get a copy of this book. It may save him from declining a fat office through wrong infor mation. Should the Democratic party ever come into power this work of Copp's would sell by the tens and hundreds of thousands. Every Democrat in the coun try would seek this book, and having picked out his office, proceed to fight for it for all it was worth. —Miner : A four-year-old son of Morris Powers, with other children, was playing on the hill near Centerville on Sundry and amused themselves by pulling on the rope by which a cayuse was picketed. Little Power approached too near the animal's heels and received a kick from both hind feet full in the face, producing a compound fracture of the jaw bone. The fracture was reduced by Dr. C. S. Whitford, who says the little fellow will have to submit to his jaw being kept in place by fixed bandages for three or four weeks. Minor Monstrosities. Can the gentle savage live on a mental reservation ? Will the new fashioned, three-wheeled baby carriage be called a cry-cycle ? If women are angels, Noah's wife must have been an ark-angel. New version : The man with a "pocket full of rocks" can afford to throw stones. Did Mother Eve originate the "fall" fashions ? Can a bank keep its business to itself when it always employs a teller ? —Commissioner Reed is now at the Cin cinnati Exposition with the Montana mineral collection taken to Denver. m SANDS BROS. O Having had two experienced buyers in PQ New York for this season's purchase, we to > Ü to & will show the FINEST ASSORTMENT of ft £5 Novelties ever seen in Montana, Xtl W o to SANDS BBOS. The close of the season is at hand and we make a point never to carry over any goods from one season to another. With a view there fore of effecting a positive and early clearance of the remainder of our stock, we call your attention to the following : You will find that we have the largest and best selected stock of goods in the city of Ready Made Clothing at BOTTOMJPRICES! Hats,a fresh lot,Felts and Straw Goods, very fine. Rubber Clothing and Gents Furnishing Goods of Endless Styles and Variety. We are closing out these goods at reduced Prices,and in order to se cure a First-Class Bargain in First-Class Stock,you should call at once and select à new suit, hat, or anything in our line. COME AND SEE US-AE MEAN BUSINESS, HUMBERT & KENNETT. MAIN STREET, HELENA, M. T. S, C, ASHBY k CO., DEALERS 12 XT Waps, Bips, Agricultural Implements, Flour and drain, SPECIALTIES : Mitchell Farm and Spring Wagons, Buckeye Mowers, Deering's Twine Binders, Fürst and Bradley's Garden City Plows, and Hand and Self-Dump Rakes, Bug gies, Carriages, Phaetons, Landaus, Sulkeys,T Carts, Jump Seats, Road Carts, and Buckboards. We will also carry a full and complete stock of Harness. Whips, Wagon Sheets, Barbed Wire, etc,, etc. We have given our personal attention to the selecting and purchasing of oui stock, buying direct from manufacturers, and we have no hesitancy in say ing that it is the finest and most complete stock ever bronght to Mon tana. Yonr patronage is respectfully solicited. Office and Repository at our New Building, Lower Main d.w3m-je26 8t - Corner Main and Price. Send for Catalogue and Prices, ATLASH -- INDIANAPOLIS, IND.,U.8. MANUFACTUREES OK SHAM ENGINES SS BOILERS. . CARRY ENGINES and BOILERS IN STOCKfor IMMEDIATE DELIVERY -: 0 > FURNITURE! Of all kinds, every grade and price, from a Baby Carriage to a fine Bedroom Suite. CARPETS! In all the neweet deeigne andoolormge,and ataUpricee,now in stock anddailyarriving WALLPAPER! 4.000 Bolls, new goodejnet opened, with Borders, Oenters, etc., etc., to match. WINDOW SHADES! L "" <****<**«+ Towela.Tabl® Ll». n .,N. pkto ^ 8k «, u „TttklaaaFMhwaM.tM—, ««. TH£ LARGEST STOCK Ilf T HE CITY And the most Complete House of Its kind in Montan. ' SALl»BOOM--c«Sa AM ïw E 4 G00I)S AND COMPARE PRICES! ES osc Corner of Main, Jackson and Broadway, Helena. dAwly-mb2l