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nud a half years in India and elsewhere ;
removed to Russia and established busi ness in St. Petersburg, representing the hanking house of Emile Erlanger A Co., which bought the old Telegraph mine, Utah. and subsequently the Lexington mine at Butte City', Montana; removed to Utah in 1*79 to take charge of the old Telegraph niine, and on the purchase of the Lexing ton from A. .1. Davis came to Montana in 1*81 and settled in Butte City; general manager of the Lexington Mining Com pany and largely interested in other Mon Una mines; a metalurgist and expert on mines and mining; age, 40; married; Re publican; postofliee, Butte City. W. Y. Pemberton, member from Silver Bow county; born in Nashville, educated at Masonic College, Missouri, and graduated at the Lebanon Law School, of Tennessee; came to Montana in 1863, and was there fore a resident of the Territory at the time of the vigilantes, and witnessed most of the deeds that mark and make mem orable those days, when he was on the side of law and order; was the fust District At torney of the Helena district, being ap pointed to that office by the first governor ol Montana, Sidney J. Edgerton; was a member of the first cçustitutional conven tion in this Territory, while General Thomas Francis Meagher was acting gov ernor: was associated in the practice of law with E. W. Toole and A M. Woodfolk; he hit the Territory in 1867 and returned a^ain in 1881; is the present District At torney of the Second Judicial District of Montana; :s a Democrat of the lib eral and progressive school, and while he is a southerner he patriotically accepts the results of the war ai d is abreast with those who are most enthusiastic for the future development and glory of Mon tana and the whole country. Age, 42; married ; postoffice, Butte City. Robert P. Vivion—Member from Galla tin county; born in Howard county, Mis souri; removed at an early age to Texas, and thence to Mexico, where he remained till I860; came to Montana in 1864 ; was a member of the two Legislative Assemblies of 1872 and 1877 ; was four years district attorney for the Second Judicial District, is a lawyer; age, 44 years; not married; Democrat; postofliee, Bozeman. Thomas L. Napton—Member from Silver Bow county; born in Missouri, and grad uated at the University of that State; came to Montana in 1866 and settled in Deer Lodge county, where he continued the practice of law for many years ; a lawyer practicing in all the courts of Montana; married ; Democrat : postofliee, Butte City. Matthew Carroll, member from Lewis and Clarke county, was born in Ireland, where he was educated. Came to New York city in 1854, and from there removed to the Missouri river in the capacity of a clerk, arriving upon the Indiajn frontier at the present site of Fort Benton in 1859, where he went into business in company with George Steell in '64, and where they afterwards laid out the townsite of Fort Benton. He w as for many years connected with the American Fur Company at all their principal trading posts; was connect- ed with the many early movements for the settlement of the country and improving the river and overland transportation ; was lor many years a member of the powert ul Diamond R. Transportation Company, and superintended the carrying of supplies to the army during the Yellowstone expedi- tion and the Little Horn campaign against Sitting Bull and his twenty-five hundred murderous Sioux ; engaged in stock-grow- ing ; not married ; Democrat ; postofliee, Helena. --------- Nativity of Members. The biographical sketches of members of the Constitutional Convention, as pub- lished by the IlKEALD, show these repre- sentatives of the people to he divided in nativity as follows: ................. 5 .......................... 5 ...................... 4 .................... 4 .......................... 3 Ohio...... ....................... ......................... 3 2 2 .......................i VlrKinia.................................... ..............i Iowa.... Connecticut. ......... ....................i Massachusetts ................................ 1 Louisiana..... ............................. 1 Minnesota.. 1 I »elaware..... .....................i • s puin.......... .....................i Total....... ...... .....................38 There are, by this showing, nineteen members of northern, twelve of southern, and seven of foreign birth. Our Constitution Framers. We concluded yesterday the publication of the personal sketches of the members ot the Constitutional Convention, which have appeared from day to day in the columns of the Herald for the last week. The sketches embrace the personnel of «very member except the five absentees, *ho will not probably appear in their seats during the session. The whole list will appear in the Weekly Herald of this week and form a very interesting part of the convention. Not that the matter will pertain to any part of the proceedings, yet in the history of the Constitutional Con- ; vention and its framers the concise history of each one of its members will follow the instrument itself down the avenues of time until the qualities, professions, nationality and names will be as house hold words, as are the names of the framers of the constitution of the United States. Many a genealogy of future prorn neut personages will be traced in its line age to the modest, unpretending members "ho compose Montana's Constitutional Convention, and many future citizens in the fullness of their pride will bear the names of some of this honorable l>ody, and who will rejoice that they are from the stock of men who framed Montana's con stitution, and that their proudest title will then be, "I, too, am an American cit izen." General McKenzie's Condition. Galveston, January 21. —A San Anto nio special says : Information is received from the physician attending General Mc Kenzie, now an inmate of the Bloomington Insane Asylum, to the effect that the Gen eral s mental condition is absolutely hope less. HELENA MINING & REDUCTION COMPANY. The New Works Concentrating at Corbin. Probably the Most Complete Plant of the Kind in Montana. The Cost Stated at Sixty sand Dollars. Thou- Capacity 125 Tons Every 24 Hours. Rumley The Alta, Comet and Properties. Interesting Facts and Figures About Some of Our Great Mining Properties. CONCENTRATING WORKS AT CORBIN. The completion of the new concentrating mill of the Helena Mining and Reduction Company at Corbin, and the impetus given the old mining camp at Wickes by the new management, has awakened new inter est in that somewhat noted property. The larger proportion of the readers of the Herai.d are more or less familiar with the past history of the camp and will doubtless he interested in its present and future prosperity. The new concentrator at Corbin is designed to treat ores principally from the Alta. It is located about one mile from that mine, at the foot of the mountain, near the site of the old Nolan smelter, mid way between Jefferson City and Wicks, and is probably the most complete in all its appointments of any mill in the Terri tory. At present the ore is hauled from the mine in teams and delivered in ore bins or pockets in the extreme upper part of the mill. From these bins the ore is shoveled into the crushers, and all subse quent movement is automatic. The ore is first broken by a Luge Blake crusher and discharged into a short revolving screen, which passes the finest particles direct to the rolls and the coarsest to a second Blake crusher, where it undergoes a second ''chawing." After passing the first set of rolls the greater portion is fine enough for subsequent treatment, and descends down to the different machines, the coarser por tions being passed through a second set of rolls to complete the pulverizing. From j the rolls the entire mass goes through a j series of revolving screens which separate J the different sized particles in compara- j tively even sizes, and delivers each size to j a separate machine. All of the sizes above | "slimes" are treated in "plunger jigs," and 1 the separation made by means of water, j The ore is passed over a screen through ! which water is forced by the downward , strokes of the plunger with force enough ; to lift the ore bed and for an instant hold it in suspension. The up ■ stroke of the plunger, which is in the op posite compartment of the jig, draws the ' water down, allowing the ore to fall. The metal particles, being heavier than the quartz or gangue rock, fall the fastest, and : at each pulsation of the water work to the | bottom of the ore bed, while the lighter material is carried forward by the current created by a strong inflow of water to the next screen, where the separation is ren dered still more complete, and fiLally the tailings flow off, leaving the ore. This ore is discharged as fast as it accumulates into proper receptacles, and the supply being constant the operation is continuous. I From the first compartment of each jig the richest concentrates are drawn. From the second compartment the concentrates are more largely composed of iron, mixed with lead, copper, etc. From the third the concentrates are somewhat mixed with pieces of quartz and lead not broken fine enough for separation. These concentrates are after recrushed by stamps to get a product that can be separated completely. In this mill a Thompson pulverizer is used with a capacity of handling thirty five tons per day. From the pulverizer j j j j ; j I I the ore passes to a series of jigs, and the finer portions, as well as all of the slimes j made in the first crushing, are passed to percussion tables. These tables have a broad, smooth surface slightly inclined, the slimes are distributed by | over which a gentle flow of water. The tables are moved slightly to one side by a cam, and are forced back by a spring against a bumper. The jar causes the particles to separate, the heaviest gradually working towards the side of the table, while the lightest will flow straight down and ofi'. By means of "fingers," or buttons, the exact line of division between the lead, iron, and other products as they relate to the waste, can be maintained and each product discharged into a separate receptacle. This completes the concentrating process of the mill. From the time the ore is first shoveled into the crus her it is not touched or handled until ready for shipping out in the form of clean concentrates. The machinery is lrom the machine works at Fort Scott, Kansas. The mill has been erected under the general supervision of John Longmaid, superin tendent, by Henry L. Kemper. Mr. Kem per built a similar mill for the Hecla Com pany, of Glendale, also one during the past season at Virginia City, and it is safe to say that his last work is bis best. It is yet too soon to make a definite statement as to the capacity of the mill. The Alta ore requires very careful manipu lation and cannot be handled as rapidly as some ores of a diflerent nature. It is probably safe to put the capacity ol the mill at 125 tons in twenty-four hours, but even at one-half of that the mill would be a success—if the average results in concen trates are equal to what has been done in the preliminary runs. THE ALTA BONANZA is one of the few well developed mines of this section, and has been a large ore pro ducer for years. It is opened by a series of tunnels that strike the vein at one, two, j j J j j | 1 j ! five, seven and ten hundred feet below the j croppings on the dip of the vein. The five and seven hundred foot levels are con nected by a winze. Midway between j these levels a level has been run each way j and a line of stopes opened. A line of j stopes is also opened upon the seven hun dred foot level. Above the five hundred ; foot level are several lines of stopes, some j of which are in ore chutes that underlie I the old workings where the ore was sup posed to be exhausted several years ago. I The 1,000 foot level is being pushed ahead rapidly, and will soon open up another large block of stoping ground, as the ore formation has been reached and is now being cut through. From grass roots to the 700 foot level the ore has been more uniform and constant than is usually found in galena producing mines. At the surface and above the two hundred foot level the ore is very free from the baser minerals. Below this level it gets more base, and iron and copper pyrites, arsenic and anti mony become more plentiful. With the increase of the iron and copper pyrites be gins an increase of gold, until this metal is becoming a very important factor in the value of the ore. From an average of less than two dollars per ton above the five hundred foot level to the seven hundred foot level, the average has reached Irom seven to ten dollars per ton, with occasional higher assays. The ore struck in the one thousand foot level gives promise of the same average relative increase in gold, hut as enough has not been worked to get an average it is yet too soon to make a state ment of its value. The Alta ore is so much mixed with the gange rock that hand-sort ing is slow and expensive. With the com pletion of the concentration much of this hand-sorting can be dispensed' with, as it can be done very much cheaper and better by machinery. another fine property. The Comet mine also is again coming to the front as a large ore producer. The surface ores of this mine were exhausted practically before its purchase by the Alta Montana Company. The tunnel, or filly foot level, was extended during the winter of 1880-'81 several hundred feet beyond the old workings, but no ore bodies were opened of value. A three compartment shaft was sunk and levels opened at 125 and 225 feet. At the fifty foot level the vein seemed capped over with very base, low grade rock, largely iron, and of little value, not even being suitable for concen tration. At the 125 foot level the iron cap was passed and good lead ores again de veloped. At the 225 foot level the ore is of excellent quality and the vein very strong, being about 16 feet wide. The en tire produc* is dumped directly into the concentrating mill as it comes from the mine. About 80 tons per day are mined and concentrated. This ore is well adapted for concentration and can be worked very rapidly and cheaply. i ' ; I ! • \ : ! , ; other developments projected. Arrangements are being made for sink ing a large working shaft between the Comet and Rumley mines from which both properties cto be advantageously worked. The development on the 225 foot level warrants the sinking of a per manent shaft and the erection of hoisting works suitable for deep mining. That good ore extends below v ater level is demonstrated, and the character of the vein and the formation warrant the belief that the Comet has staying qualities equal to the best. These two mines, with the improved machinery tor dressing the ore and the facilities for shipment give the Helena M. & R. Co. the promise of a suc cessful future. Of their other properties, which are not yet being worked by the new management, much might he said based upon their past workings, bnt it is enough to deal now with what are active producers. GENERAL REMARKS. No ores are being reduced at present at Wickes except by amalgamation, but ores to a large amount are being roasted for the smelter, which will be started up soon. At present from one to two car loads of concentrates are being shipped to eastern markets for reduction daily. This amount will be largely increased by the starting up of the new concentrator at Corbin, and the increased amount will be of far greater value per ton than what is now being shipped, as the Alta ores are strong in silver as well as having an in creasing gold value as depth is attained. There is not a better developed mine in the Territory than the Alta, and with the present facilities for shipping ores or their products, the mine can he placed on record as one of the bonanzas of the day. After a long and desperate struggle against ad verse circumstances the tide seems to have turned, and the old camp of Wickes has entered upon a career of prosperity that bids fair to be permanent. With the con venient facilities for shipping in and out there are many other mines in the vicinity of Wickes that can he profitably worked aside from the company mines, that will add largely to the general prosperity of the camp and vicinity. English capitalists are reviving the project of flooding the Sahara, and thus opening up Central Africa to commerce and civilization, the opinion still being urged by geographers and en gineers that, if the waters of the ocean could thus be let into the desert, the cli mate, the soil and the sanitary condition would all be improved. In the Sahara desert there is a remarkable depression covering an area of about 60,000 miles, this depressed portion being known as Elijuf, and said to extend from within twelve miles of the seashore to regions in the close neighborhood of Timbuctoo. The theory of both ancient and modern geographers has been that Eiijuf was originally filled with water, which flowed into the ocean, but that a bar having gradually formed at the entrance the flow inward was stopped, and the heat of a vertical sun caused the inside water to evaporate. The practicability of reopening this ancient channel is the great question. DAN CORBIN INTERVIEWED. Talk With the Tice President of the Helena WAR. Co. Items of Information that will In terest Montana Readers. j ! i j j i Catching Mr. D. C. Corbin, Vice Presi dent, on the eve of his departure for New York, a Herald representative, greedy for news, asked him for all he was willing to communicate concerning the mines, mills and smelters of the company, their work ing, output, shipments of bullion, concen trates, etc. Mr. Corbin said the Helena Mining and Reduction Company had nothing to with hold from the public, and nothing of any advantage to himself and associates to put in print. In the little time at his disposal, if he was to talk, much must be cipwded into few words. The concentrating works at Corbin and the mines from which the ore comes a Herald correspondent had inspected and it was presumed he had gathered about all the facts worth know ing. The new concentrator, said Mr. Cor bin, has a capacity of handling 125 tons of ore per day of 24 hours. It puts tons of Alta product into one ton, in which shape, in the form of concentrates, it is bagged inlOO pound parcels and shipped to New Jersey for smelting. Mining, say, costs $5 per ton ; haulage to mill 90 cents ; concentrating $1. The cost charge against ! one ton of çoncentrates loaded from the ! works into the railway car is $22. That j ton of ore is supposed to contain gold, $22 ; i silver, 70 ounces ; lead, 25 per cent. The ! freight to Jersey is about that heretofore ! paid for wagon haulage to Dillon. You I can arrive by ordinary rules of arithmetic I at an approximate profit on that ton of ore j under the new auspices and the new era— ; the railroad era. The works cost about I $60,000. At the Comet mine 80 tons of ore are handled every twenty-four hours. The , ore goes direct from the levels and stopes j into the mill erected there. Three and ! ont-half tons are squeezed into one, as at i the Alta. The concentrated product costs, i delivered alward the cars at Wickes, about ' the same as that handled at Corbin. Its ; value may be ciphered out. It carries sil ver 65 ounces; lead, 68 per cent. The I freightage is the same as from Corbin. ! The Rumley mine, adjoining the Comet, is expected shortly to size up as a mineral producer with the best. Developments promise this. Ore from underground and the old dumps is being dry crushed at Wickes. Here, in the old reduction works, • the machinery is in motion. Fifteen \ stamps are continuously dropping,crushing : aljout twenty tons daily. Six reverbatory furnaces are in line, and as many Buckner cylendars are roasting pulp from the ! mill batteries, and there are five amalgamating pans and all else required in i the processes of work. The smelter, of i from 25 to 30 tons daily capacity, is being overhauled and placed in thorough repair i for early duty. There is something like 6UO ions of outdoor roasted ore awaiting smelting treatment at Wickes, and more constantly coming. All the iron required for fluxing at the Wicks works will come presently from the Corbin concentrator— separations from the Alta ore. This iron, in the form of pyrites, carry both gold and ; silver, all of which is saved in the smelt i ing process. The average output of base J bullion from the Wickes works this season I will probably not fall short of 15,000 j pounds per day. Adding the Alta and ; Comet concentrates, and a moderate esti ; mate will give of metal and ore 55 tons for i shipment daily. The railroad works a mighty revolution. It levels prices in transportation and sup plies, and affects the mining industry fa vorably in all respects. Salt formerly cost $85 per ton as against $25 now. Charcoal figured next as a heavy item of expense« and is now largely superseded by coke* which is laid down at the smelter at $25 I per ton. Heretofore shipments were possi I j I ble but half the year, and the ordinary rule required the carrying of six months' supplies, and the bullion product of this length of time, involving cash outlays of at least $125,000, on which Montana rates of interest were frequently paid. Supplies and shipments now come and go every day, and the capital necessary to conduct the largest operations is small compared with preceding years. Mr. Corbin spoke cheerfully of the min ing outlook in the Territory. The districts about Helena were destined to take an im mense leap forward in the near future. There would be at least 2,000 men em ployed in the mines and mills about the capital during the year. This la bor represented wage payments of $2,000,000. The employment demands of the Gregory, Alta, Comet, Rumley, Drum Lummon and Gloster would engage a large proportion of this labor. The Ten Mile and Red Mountain properties, if worked to the extent expected, would keep other hun dreds of miners employed. An incentive to the working of mines largely idle dur ing the past years, lay in the fact that ores would find a ready market at Wickes, the Helena company having ample means to buy all that would be offered. The Helena Mining and Reduction Com pany has a capitalization on its properties ol $3.000,000, and is officered as follows: President—Samuel J. Hauser. Vice President and Treasurer— D. C. Corbin. Secretary—J. W. Buskett. Assistant Secretary—John McFee. Superintendent—John Longmaid. General offices are located in Helena: local office, Wickes. Republican Campaign Committee. Washington, January 21.—The Repub lican Congressional Campaign Committee met this morning and appointed the fol lowing executive committee : Senator Hawley, chairman ; Senators Allison, of Iowa ; Miller, of California ; Representa tives Hiscock, Washburn, Peele, McKinley, Campbell, of Pennsylvania ; Pettibone, Goff, Davis and O'Hara. The executive committee will meet at the call of the chairman. THE ERIE CANAL. j There is a bill pending before Con ! gress for the general government to sup i port the Erie canal. Since the state j abolished tolls it has been very evident j that this would be the outcome. The i Erie canal has proven of great value to j I the state of New York, of still more to j New,York city and in some degree to I the Western states and to the New Eng land states. It is a doubtful matter if it is a water way of sufficient national im portance to justify its maintenance by the government. It stands on a differ ent basis from several other canal schemes to which the nation is urged to lend support. The Erie canal has been built by the state and it may be justly claimed that the state of New York is not asking the nation to undertake a work for its spe cial benefit at the national cost. It is claimed for New York that if the canal is made free and thus available to all, it ought to become a general charge. To this it may he answered that unless made a ship canal, it is not available to anybody hut the residents ol the state ol New York. It is almost certain that if the govern ment does get involved in the support ol this canal it will not be long until the demand will come to so enlarge it that steamboats at least may be operated thereon. One other consideration is likely to in fluence opinion and action on this sub ject. The Dominion is enlarging its canals so that sea-going vessels of large tonage may pass from the lakes to the lower St. Lawrence, in the expectation of drawing a large part of this great commerce away from us, though it yields very little revenue to themselves. Besides this canal scheme there is another to build a ship canal on the American side around Niagara Falls. The objection to this project is that no matter which side of the Falls the ships want they would go into the St. Law rence and pass out to sea through the Dominion. Of the two we should prefer that the Government would undertake the en largement and support ol the Erie canal. But there is still a great question hack |pf this, whether even a ship canal would be a paying investment. Railroads are so multiplying between the East and West, and still more the cost of trans portation by rail has been so reduced that it is doubtful whether, all things considered, by the time this ship canal w as completed, the railroads would not be carrying freight the cheaper. The matter of loading and unloading used to be a great item, hut as it is now done it cuts but a little figure in the grand total. The matter of time is a large item in favor of railroads And a still larger item is the fact that railroads run all the year around and are not liable to the loss and delays of the lakes and rivers. Many a valuable cargo of grain has gone to the bottom of the lakes, and though by means ot insurance this loss is so divided as not to ruin the owners, it is nevertheless a dead loss to the world that would not occur in the case of land transportation. Many a cargo on lake, river and canal gets overtaken by cold and lies frozen in for months to gether at great inconvenience and loss as well. We do not think there is enough advantage promised for the government to accept the Erie canal as a gift with the condition of maintenance. But just at the present time there are several canal schemes afloat that may possibly pool interests for a grand raid upon the treasury. There is a canal being cut across Cape Cod and another across Florida, another between the Delaware and the Chesapeake, and an other in Illinois between the Mississippi and the lakes. If these should unite all their local followings they would present a formidable front, and might enter into an alliance with the States interested in the improvement of the Missiissppi. So it is possible that these canal schemes may have a future that would not be in ferred from the merits of any one alone. Most men would say that a great deal of money has been drawn out of the treasury for the improvement of rivers that are of vastly less national import ance than either of these canal projects that have been named. Our Bourbon brother, with many and mortal hatreds we are sorry to say, una ble to deal with a multitude of enemies alone, musters into service and brings to his help a "sub," whose special and particular job is to lampoon the execu tive. The private and official record of the governor is above reproach, and so far as the observation and knowledge of our people extend cannot with fairness he assailed. He may be lampooned and ridiculed after the style employed by the Independent "sub," hut it counts for little with sensible men. From the same source few of our people, Republicans or Democrats, have escaped a similar afflic tion. The vote in the House yesterday on Holman's resolution was very important as putting members on record on the general subject of forfeiting the unearned land grants. It shows an almost unani mous sentiment for forfeiture. Right on the heels of this test vote the com mittee will report various bills, so that probably every road that is in default will lose its land. Both parties are vot ing in view of the next presidential elec tion. Now becomes apparent the wis dom of Villard in hurrying up the com pletion of the Northern Pacific even at considerable extra cost. Under the old management we doubt if it would have been done, and there can he little more doubt that the work and credit of the company would have been embarassed and the completion of the road long de layed. It may turn out that we owe Villard more than anyone has hereto fore estimated. paid all the expenses of support and PRISON LABOR. The report of the superintendent of prisons of New York, just issued for 1883, contains very instructive matter. It covers the three prisons at Sing Sing, Auburn and Clinton. Prison labor has shows a credit balance of $9,106, which, however small, ha* great significance contrasted with the heavy debt balances under the system that prevailed prior to 1876. It is a fact that New York has uemonstrated not only to her own satis faction, but the example is equally instructive to other States, that the bur den of punishing crime may be shifted from the shoulders of the innocent to those of the guilty. But this is the size of it. The prison report makes the following points: 1. "The productive capacity and en ergy of the prisoners are constantly in creasing. 2. Their physical and moral condition is steadily improving. 3. The number incarcerated in the state prisons is gradually diminishing, though the population of the date is increasing. 4. The discipline is more thorough and more easily maintained and with less frequent resort to punishments or severe penalties. 5. The deterrene and cor rective potency of penal imprisonment is visibly augmented." To have attained either of these re sults should bethought an achievement worthy of record, but to have achieved all at the same time was the natural re sult of another achievement, to-wit, making the prisons self-sustaining, makes it a notable achievement We have had some of this same hoodlum cry in Montana, that prison labor should not be encouraged, and we know of nothing that so effectually stamps a man as a demagogue. It is not even kindness to the criminals whose favor such demagogues are ostensibly seeking. Prisoners who work are hap pier, healthier, and better in every way ; more tractable, contented and useful, A great many are in prison because they have never learned a useful trade. If they learn a good trade, even in prison, and form a habit of industry and acquire the ability to support themselves by honest work, they will he much more apt to go to work after getting out of prison. The records show this to be the case, and every single point is settled by actual experiment in favor of prison labor. There should also be a variety of trades and employments, and the prisoners should be encouraged to industry by sharing the fruits of their labor and hav ing good behavior count in shortening their term of confinement. If it is derogatory to the dignity of labor to have prisoners at work, why is j it not equally derogatory to the habit of eating and 'drinking to have prisoners doing the same? We are told that all forms of taxation and State burdens fall heaviest on the working men ; why not then lift this one burden by making the prisoners earn their own living? SOLDIERS IN CONGRESS. There are seventy-nine members in both houses of Congress who served in the Union army. Among those who achieved distinction are Gens. Rose crans, Logan, Slocum, Hawley, Keifer, Manderson, Robinson, Miller, Bowen, Van Wyck, Bingham, Harrison, Browr.e and Cutcheon. Laird, of Nebraska, en tered the service from Michigan in 1862 at the tender age of thirteen, and served in the Army of the Potomac till the close of the war. Congressman Campbell, of Pennsyl vania, learned the art of printing in his youth, and was engaged in steamboating on the lower Mississippi for six years. He went to California as one of the "Forty-niners," and at the breaking out of the war went into service and reached the rank of brigadier-general. He was afterwards elected Surveyor-General of Pennsylvania. Dr. Kimball, an eccentric character of Worcester, who died the other day. was supposed to be a poor man. He was very miserly in his habits and lived a sort of hermit life in his office. In removing his clothing after death an old, dirty pouch was found strapped about his back, in which was nearly $11,000 in bank bills, while in a purse in his trousers' pocket was another $1,000. About the entire room were evidences of the most pinching want, the remains of a hag of crackers well nibbled by mice showing what had been his fare. A stuffed owl was found to he literally filled with silver half dollars. In an other place hung a monster hornet's nest given the doctor years ago by a friend. On account of its remarkable size it had been made the subject of many a newspaper article years ago. This, too, was found to be stuffed with money. The aggregate of the old man's wealth is estimated at from $70,000 to $80,000, and yet he almost starved him self. Dr. Steckler, of New Jersey, has been inoculating children with the virus of scarlet fever, takei^ from horses, with good effect. It is an old story that scar let fever found its origin in horses, the first cases being reported in royal stables in 1514. Shortly after that time it ap peared in human beings. It is not com mon now among horses. Dr. Steckler is reported to have inoculated young colts in order to procure the equine virus. Of twelve children vaccinated with this virus all escaped on being exposed to the disease. If, as is supposed by many physicians, the germ /of scarlet fever is the same as that of diphtheria, and if Steckler's discovery averts both, he will deserve to rank as high among the bene factors of the human race as Jenner himself. SLANDERING ALASKA. Senator Ingalls is reported as having said in yestersday's Senate debate that Alaska wast he most worthless terri torial acquisition that any government was ever afflicted with. It was the same Ingalls who insulted the Missouri river by declaring that it was too thin for cultivation and too thick for beverage. He seems much inclined to sarcastic and derogatory remarks, some of them, as that of yesterday in reference to Alaska, show lamentable ignorance on his part. We could turn hack to the debates ill Congress that occurred about the time our northwest boundary was in dispute and find not a few and public and confi dent assertions that the whole of Oregon was a worthless waste, not of as much value as the hone over which dogs some times fight. One of the expressions of the time was that the whole region was not fit for a sheep pasture, and the less we had of it the better we were ofl'. Such was the feeling that prevailed and led to the inglorious surrender of \ ancouver and the control of Fuget Sound. We are just finding out what great fools we were—that the resources of of the West coast are equal to the East in all and superior in many respect ; that' Puget Sound alone is better than all the Atlantic harbors together. So, without taking into account at all the main land of Alaska, we could say to Senator Ingalls that the fisheries appurtenant to Alaska were worth a hundred times what the country cost us. We do not know what mineral or other wealth is contained in the interior, but we ought to know enough of the mineral treasures of the main range that stretches from Cape Horn to Behrings Straits to believe that its mines will some day prove as rich as the waters that wash its shores. We could remind the sarcastic Senator ! from Kansas that we could find ample | testimony of good authorities that the j whole country now covered by the Slate I he represents, was a worthless waste, j scarcely, and only very thinly tenable by wild beasts. The judgments of the past have been so frequently overturned and reversed that men ought to he more modest in the assertion of shallow and ignorant opin ions. Much of the soil in what was once known as the Great American Desert will bear better crops of wheat to-day than some of the bottom lands of the Mississippi Valley. Kansas has had a wonderful growth, and no one rejoices in it more than our selves, hut we expect to see the day when Alaska will he as populous and wealthy as Kansas. The Scandinavians know exactlyLow to develop and utilize Alas ka. They will find it in every respect superior to Norway and Sweden. The commerce of the Pacific will some day be greater than that of the Atlantic, and New York City will have its rival on Puget Sound. THE INSANITY PLEA. Young Nutt has been acquitted by the jury of any criminality in the ähooting of Dukes, nominally on the plea of in sanity, hut really because they approved the act. And we have little doubt that the same jury that yesterday acquitted him of murder on the score of insanity wold to-day acquit him of insanity. The applause with which the verdict of ac quittal was received by the audience and the volley of congratulatory telegrams that came in from all over the country shows the strong and general popular feeling on the subject. If the verdict had been justifiable homicide it would have seemed more just and appropriate to us. That is what was intended to be expressed by all the manifestations of sympathy and approval. We might just as well speak out what we feel and believe, that a son and brother are fully justified in taking vengeance for the murder of a father and the betrayal of a sister, when the security and pro tection that the law should furnish in such cases fails. So far from being insane, the course taken by young Nutt is rather a proof of sanity. There is lots of insanity of various kinds and degrees in the world, hut such an act as that of young Nutt is not of either kind. It was justifiable homicide, whatever else the letter of the law may call it. If a person kills an other when directly assailed in person and his life endangered, the law is very tender to acquit him, but there are cases in which a person is assailed through others in such a way that life becomes a living death. A father who slays the seducer of his daughter, a husband who shoots down the destroyer of his peace, a brother who avenges the dishonor of a sister, are not criminals in the judgment of enlightened, Christian people, and the law that undertakes to define the correct rule of action should never con fuse such acts with the heinous offence of murder._ Slocks To-Day. New York, January 23.—Central Pacific, 64| ; Burlington, 19|; Northern Pacific, 20jj ; Northwestern, 1145J; New York Cen tral, 113; Pacific Mail, 41 ; Panama, 98; St. Louis & S. Francisco, 1«J; Texas Pa cific, 17; Union Pacific, 74;; Wabash, 15; Wells, Fargo Express, 10 ; Western Union. 73J. Bar silver, 10*. Important Court Ruling. Chicago, January 23.—During the trial of James H. Melville, lor alleged embezzle ment, in the criminal court, before Judge Howes yesterday, the prosecution desired to prove that part of tin; money was sent to Melville through the Western Union Telegraph Company. The money order clerk of the'company declined to produce the original message on the ground that messages could not be made public prop* erty. The court ruled that telegraphic communications could not be considered more confidential than others, and that no communication could be excluded when the cause of justice renders its production necessary.