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From the Daily Herald of January 21. SILVEH BOW PRINTING. A Plain Statement of the Award Made the "Inter-Mountain.*' The Miner is violently perturbed at the action taken hy the Commissioners ot Sil ver Bow county in awarding to the Inter - Mountain the printing lor which that county is chargeable. The Democratic paper, as one of the ''official organs under the late printing law, had held for a series of years a monopoly ol the county "pap, and as time rolled on it grew to believe that all patronage of whatever character pertaining to the county was an exclusive inheritage set apart and dedicated to its enjoyment forever. The printing law, brought to a test in the courts, was ad judged dead by limitation, the digracelul measure no longer having a place among the statutes of Montana. This fact the Commissioners of Silver Bow were prompt to recognize, and within their official scope and authority proceeded to contract for such advertising and work as the county had to do. The Inter-Mountain submitted a proposition to perform whatever print ing was required at a rate ten per cent, less than had been charged against the county by the Mime for the three or four years of its spurious but unmolested franchise, and the Commissioners accepted the oiler and declared the award upon 1 at official The Board bid higher the and in accordance with the rates pro posed. ThereupontheH/ncrliftsupits voice and by turns howls and weep: corruption and extravagance, is denounced for accepting a than it would have contracted to do t îe work and above the offer it claims to have made. The Inter-Mountain exposes the recklessness of the Miner's statements, treats its denunciation ot the Commis sioners with merited ridicule, and sim mers down in a few words a plain state ment of the case—thus: • This office has contracted to do the work at a ten per cent, lower rate than the Miner char'ed. If there is corruption in economy jt ] 1;l . s »ever yet been demonstrated. For three years or more the Miner had the full benefit of the contract and never raised its voice against the rates it received. Yet ' u a rival office agrees to do the work at j j vvli a much lower rate, our esteemed contem porary lifts up its battered hand-organ voice and screeches about official extrava gance. _____ Irticles ot Incorporation. The following articles of incorporation were filed with the Secretary oftheTer II v January 17th.—Bullion Railroad Com pany : object to build a railroad from the terminus of the National Park Branch of the Northern Pacific Railroad to Cooke City, in Gallatin county. Capital stock $1,000, noil: principal office Choke City. Incor porators, Geo. A. Eaton, F. D. Pease, Geo. A. Huston, D. E. Fogarty, and G. Haldorn. Janury 19.—New York Cattle Company. Object stock raising and dealing in the same; capital stock $150,000; 1,500 shares of$100 each; principal office, Billings, M. T. Incorporators, W. S. Smoot, J. B. Her ford and J. A. Church. Good News for the Institute. I New Keith-West.] We learn by personal letters this week that Rev. Dr. McMillan, President of the Collegiate Institute, is doing very earnest and effective work for it in the East. It is believed that he will obtain an endowment of $25,000 for a Professorship and the ser vices of another very competent professor; also $25,000 to build a dormitory building, and $25,000 more for the general purposes of the school. Coming iudirectly, we are not advised definitely as to these matters, but are assured as to the excellent pros pects in relation to finances. Amounts like these would put the institution on a good basis, with adquate buildings, and with a full corps of teachers the school will doubtless attain that properity it so well deserves. » -- \ Handsome Testimonial T!ie printers in the Chronicle office at Bozeman have signified their appreciation of the friendly offices of their chief by the presentation to the Hou. .Samuel W. Laug liorue, on the occasion ol' his birth-day, of a valuable ebony gold-headed caue, with his name as editor engraved thereon. The following is the letter accompanying the handsome testimonial : Office of the Daily and Weekly Chronicle. To the Hon, S, IP. Langhorne, Editor of the Bozeman Chronicle : Bozeman, January 21, 1884. Dear Friend. —By express to-dav we send vou, on the anniversary of your birth, , a slight token of our high esteem for you 1 as a .just and honorable employer, always ! anxious to advance our rights and defend \ our interests as workingmen. Yours forever. A. k. ykkkes. K. R. CHAPMAN. S. W. STOVER, J. H. DAWESJ JIM HASBROOCK. ROBERT E. BYRNE. Proving I p. The following will he of interest to set tiers : United States Land Offic e, Helena, M. T., Jan. 17, 1884. (.'. W. Penrose, Esq.—Dear Sir: The Commissioner of the General Land Oflice holds that iu all cases where "Homestead Proofs" are taken liefere clerks of courts ;m affidavit must be made showing the ab seuee of the judge of the court at the time the proof was taken. I nder this rule affidavits will have to lie furnished iu the ease of Victor Lineberg. F. ADKINSON, Register. -- ' 11 Accidentally shot. Yesterday afternoon as one of the guests at Slasher's European Hotel was sitting by the stove in his room, a .18-calibre revolver, lying on the table at his side, was pulled oil by a movement of the cloth, aud fall ing to the door was discharged, the ball passing through the calf of the guest's right leg aud imbedding itself in the brick wall. The wound is painful, but under the treatment of Dr. Thompson will not l*e of long duration. From the Daily Herald of January -2. REVIEW REVAMPED. Kernal Woolfolk's Supplement Codicil. To the Editor of the Herald. With feelings of inexpressible delight the readers of the Dependent discovered that and another opportunity was afforded this morning for the perusal of Kernal Wool folk's review of Jndge Wade's decision on the printing law. With au eager and wild joy were the golden truths emanating from the facile pen of the brilliant author read and read again. Ham sandwiches at a railroad station never yielded more solid satisfaction to a hungry traveler than did the Dependent's supplement to members in convention assembled to-day. Truth compels me to admit that this review by the illustrious Kernal is one of the most masterly, profound and learned efforts the world has seen. The mightiest pettifoger of ancient or modern times has at one stroke of masterly genius elevated himself to the highest pinnacle of fame and shed a lustre of glory upon his name, which must grow brighte- during the centuries which the pyramids crumble to decay, but while the English language exists, while men resjiect logic and truth, while learning is are to come. Nations may perish from the earth, the stars fall from their orbits, venerated and wisdom commands a nickel, so long will the generations of man bow down in homage to the memory of the j jrreat author who reviewed Judge Wade's j decision on the printing law. Good Templars' Reception. The Good Templars of Helena gave a reception last night in the basement of the Baptist church, in honor of Mr. Walter Holde®, one of the officers of the society and his bride. The assembled guests were addressed by the Reverends .Shannon, Gar vin and Riggin, and music and singing formed a very pleasant part of the even ing's enjoyment. From the Dativ Herald of January '.3. A FIRE BRAND. Partisan Resolution in Behalf of Democratic Organ. the At the afternoon session, Toole, of Lewis and Clarke, introduced the following resolution. The hour is too late for com ment to-day : Whereas, It is the seuse of this con vention that under the joint resolution calling for a constitutional convention, the right is reserved to it to contract for its own printing, and that the Secretary of the Territory is required to carry out the request of this convention iu that behalf, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Independent Publish ing Company is hereby designated as the paper to do the printing of this convention, and that the Secretary hereof forthwith notify the Secretary of the Territory of the action of this convention. It was carried finally, after much dis cussion, hy an almost strictly part}- vote of 19 ayes and 17 noes, Green, Dixon and McSorley, Democrats, voting against the resolution with the Republicans. Leap Year Party in Portland. The following invitation from the young ladies of Portland has been received hy a Herald reporter with thanks: Sir—B y virtue of the prerogative to which we are entitled once in four years, you are hereby commanded to attend a Leap Year party, to be given to the young men by the young ladies of Portland, at Turne Halle, Saturday evening, January 19, 1884. You are expected to conduct yourself in an humble an submissive manner, and due atteution will lie given to making this occasion as enjoyable as it is in our power. Of this you will take due notice and gov ern yourself accordingly. Grand March at 9:30 sharp. By order of the committee. leave to-morrow lor his home in the river PERSONAL. —Lieut. G. S. Hoyt left to-day for his station at Fort Assiuaboine. —George Irvin, sheriff ol Silver Bow county, is in the city from Butte. —Mr. E. M. Clingen, of the River Press, left on this morning's coach for Benton. —Fred Kennett, cashier of the Missoula National hank, came over yesterday on a brief visit. —Dr. C. S. Ingersoll, now located in Butte, came over yesterday to pay a short visit to his Helena friends. ^ —E. Lippencott. of Florence, is in town He reports light snows and pleasant weath er in northern Lewis and Clarke county. —Jerry Collins, editor of the daily River Press, the leading paper of Benton, is sojourning for a few days in the Capital city. —Hon. Wm. B. Settle, having concluded hi, professional hnsiness in Helena, "will ! metropolis. —Platt Burr, the city editor of the Butte Miner for two years or more, having severed his connection with that paper, arrived iu Helena last evening, probably en route to the Cœur d'Alene gold fields. —J. P. Ketchum, of Ketchum, Zastrow & Co., contractors aud builders, left this afternoon for New York. He will pur chase some new machinery for their shops and have an eye to late styles in architec ture. —Thomas Worthington, an able steno grapher, has been engaged by the Herald to report the daily proceedings of the Con stitutional Convention. Wr. Worthington has reported for newspapers many years, and is an expert in short-hand writing. . ...... » ---- Letter from Endlcott. New York, January 23.—In consequence of the strain in Villard stocks and various rumors afloat this morning Endicoti, Presi dent of the Oregon Transcontinental Com pany, addressed the following letter tc President Hatch, of the Stock Exchange: In view of the numerous uninformed ru- j mors put in circulation to depress stocks j in which the Oregon Transcontinental j Company is interested, I deem it my duty j to state that the (company has not di- | minished its holdings in the various stocks, as stated iu the report of the investigating committee. (Signed) Wm. ENDICOTT. Since the publication of the letter the stocks of the railroad advanced from to 2} percent. TOWN AND TERRITORY, Butte last week shipped bullion of the I value of $96.000. ! River Press: From the appearanc of things in Dawson county Judge Wade will find it necessary to get on the trail of the rascally county officials'and rout them as j he did in Custer I 1 j : ; ! A United States Inspector arrived last week in Miles City, says the Pres«, his mission being to assess the value of timber cut on the public domain on Tongue river and sell the same at public auction. l'ublic taste in Montana is not so de praved that it finds food for amusement in an attempt to hold up respectable citizens to the ridicule of the thoughtless. The above, clipped from the morning paper, follows the ribald lampoon of Gov ernor Crosby of yesterday. Comment, un necessary. H. J. McCusick has l>een reappointed superintendent of the railway mail service for this district. His district is the largest in the country, and includes the States ot ] California, Oregon and Nevada, and the j 'perritories of Utah, Montana, Idaho, j ^Va-shington and Alaska. The banking house of Stebbins, Mund & Co., of Billings, has been succeeded by the | l<Firgt National Bank of Billings/' the ; chmgß going into effect on the 21st. The j officerg are . W . R. Stebbins, President ; W. L. Peck, Vice President ; H. H. Mund, ! Cashier ; H. L. Richardson, Assistant Cash ier. Authorized capital. $250,000 ; paid in capital, $60,000. It is kindly suggested that the Indepen dent, having nauseated the public with its lampooning of officials, take up with some thing rational and iuteresting to its read ers. For instance, procure a copy of Gov ernor Crosby's report and print the best paper relating to the Territory yet pre pared by any official who has ever occupied the Executive chair of Montana. —Major Guido liges, who hasbeeu lyiug sick in Helena for the past two weeks, was able to start for Washington a few days ago. It has transpired since bis departure that during the holidays it was through his considerate charity that more than one person was made happy for the time hy his liberal donations to the extreme poor and almost helpless families. Jack Wright, an old resident of Meagher county, committed suicide on Tuesday of last week by throwing himself into the Missouri river near the Centerville ferry. The Townsend Tranchant says : "No cause is assigned for the rash act other than geueral despondency, and a feeliug of hopelessness for the future. He had been drinking considerably lately, and it is thought despaired of conquering the habit. He was in Bedford Monday night, and the suicide occurred either late that night or early Tuesday morning. Jack was au old resident of this seetiou, having been in | New York gulch in 1866. From there he went to St. Louis gulch, and for the last three or four years has worked for Sharpe Bros., on Poverty Flat. Netc North-West : "The bust of the great herds of buffalo ou the American continent j ^ j : : I , is now grazing on the had lands south of j the Yellowstone, between the Powder and , Little Missouri rivers. It is estimated to contain about 75,000 head. Iu the lan guage of Granville Stuart "it is surrounded liue of fire"—the Sioux by a line of fire '-the Sioux composing | part of the line aud the white hunters the other. It is anticipated that by spring the herd will be entirely destroyed or scattered out into little bands that will seek secluded ranges. Mr. Stuart says the wild buffalo affiliates quickly with cattle, that they soon become quite tame, that the Tosses make excellent beef cattle that a 1 are reproductive and so hardy tha the» are proof against any weather, and can li» in snow as high as their horns if there is gr »«s under it. When things don't go right w th the Independent —and latterly they eem all to go wrong—the editor pro ) about wild-eyed and vicious, seeking whom he may devour. A» such times it is the Fed eral officials- -tne Governor, Chief Justice, and others— who are generally sought out for the defamation, billingsgate and black mail of the Bourbon editor. But assaults count for little so far as they affect the character and standing of the Executive or Judiciary, and their maligner and falsifier is the süßerer more than any other. Said a prominent member of the convention this morning: "You folks about Helena p it the Independent editor against Perkins as the champion liar. As a robust prevari cator I doubt myself that the Independent manager can be easily matched. My im pression is that, above any other, he is entitled to be styled 'a colossal embarrass ment to truth.' " The designation fits, and Br0 "' y " one ™ these P"«* wil1 " ish "> amend except to strengthen so mild of this nature from the source indicated so mua a way of putting it. Our Bourbon brother yesterday paid his gracious respects to the Helena Land Office, and besought the consent of Register At kinson to the appearance in the Independent —"the tribune of the people"—of such land and mineral notices as he controlled. The Kerual was not particular as to compensa tion for space iu his columns. There were voids to lie filled—holes to plug—end he would take anything at any price to till up. Half the rates charged by the Herald would entirely satisfy him. The Herald on several occasions applied for like favors from the triumvirate under the printing law, and backed its bids with equally lib eral offers, with bonds in the sum of $10,000 for the full and faithful perform ance of the public work. Did the Herald get it ? The eight years monopoly by the Independent of that patronage says we didn't. The Land Office advertising is distributed among various reputable news papers of this Territory. The prices paid for such advertising is uniform not only in Montana, but in every State and Territory west of the Mississippi. The rate is pre scribed by the General Land Office, and the Herald profits by this patronage no more than any one of scores of papers within and beyond Montana. Six New Cardinals. Rome, January 23.—Six new Cardinals will be created at the consistory on the 21st of February. ANACONDA. A New Tonn—The Result oi an Im portant Mining Enterprise- Deer Lodge. | [from ofr traveling correspondent.] Embarking on the Utah Northern at an early hour of the morning, a short ride from Butte brings us to Stuart. At this place several passengers, including the writer, relinquish with no little reluctance their seats in the comfortable car for the less attractive conveyance of a coach, which plies between the station and Ana conda. The snow was deep and steadily falling, the winds enjoying a genuine frolic and the prospects of discomfort during the short ride of seven miles were ieasonably good. Our Jehu proved to be an old timer, who handled the ribbons on the overland line long before the Union Pacific was com pleted. The stormy morning awakened in his mind memories of hardship and adven ture encountered upon the box in the then wild West, and their narration proved an interesting diversion, touching as it did a congenial cord in the minds of all our little company. Story followed story in rapid succession. All took a hand in the game, and before our fund was perceptibly dimin ished the journey had been accomplished and all were landed at Anaconda. This town is the outgrowth of one of the most important mining enterprises of Butte. The Anaconda, as is well known, is ! the largest and most valuable copper mine in the Rocky Mountain region. It is the property of J. B. Haggiu, one of San Fran cisco's millionaires, and is operated under the direction of the well known miuiug ex pert, Marcus Daley. «The apparently inex haustible resources of the property having been demonstrated hy exploration, it was decided last season to erect a mammoth plant for the reduction of its ores; and for the purpose of obtaining better facilities for wood and water than were afforded at the mine, the site of the present town was selected. Operations began in the spring and the plant is well advanced towards completion, though much work still remains to be doue. At the time of my visit all operations had been sus pended owing to the severity of the weather, but with the openiug of spring the work will be again resumed and com pleted with all possible dispatch. The works of the company at this place will j treat daily 350 tons of ore, and give em ployment in various departments to be ^ tweeu three and four hundred workmen. These employes, with their families, will j populate a town of very respectable pro portions, which, as it is surrounded hy a : rich farming community, must continue to : increase iu importance. As the land upon I which the town is situated happened to be included in the grant of the Northern Pa cific road that company immediately platted a townsite and have developed a genuine bonanza in the sale ol lots. The place is already well supplied with hotels and mercantile houses representing every , branch of trade. The price of building j lot8 has advanced considerably over the , animints ork , inallv nflid and PVPrv ftnP is amounts originally paid and every one is lookiug forward to a first-class l>oom iu the spring. I was glad to meet at this place Dr. O. | Lei8er who> for some moath9) practiced in Helena. The Doctor is now located per manently and is meeting with the success which his professional ability so well de serves. Leaving Anaconda the return trip to Stuart was accomplished without incident, and after a short ride in the calioose of a freight train I arrived at Deer I.odge. This is one of the few towns in Montana that has derived no decided advantage from the advent of railroads. It has, how ever, sustained no decided injury, and while not sharing in the benefits so general ly realized, will by no means diminish in size or importance. Mr. Sam Scott, the genial proprietor of the Scott House, is well-known as a lover of horse flesh and an enthusiastic sports man. His house is, as in former years, well provided with the comforts demanded hy the inner man and commands a large j share 0 f the public patronage. I was glad to meet, while iu the city, ! Mr. Lou Coleman, who for many years has [ successfully discharged * the duties of County Treasurer. „Mr. Coleman is one of the best accountants in the Territory, and takes as much pride in his books as a sur geon does in his instruments. The firm of E. L. Bonner & Co. is the principal mercantile establishment of the town, having a large retail dry goods store and a grocery house. Each occupies a handsome brick block and carry a heavy stock in their respective lines. The livery business is represented by J. W. Esten, who has a large number of turn-outs of every description, which are rented at reasonable figures. The McBurney House is a handsome two story brick, and under the manage ment of Messrs. Aylesworth & McFarland is one of the best conducted hotels in the Territory. As Deer Lodgers have a be coming respect for toothsome luxuries, its tables are always well patronized. The condition of aflairs at the Deer Lodge penitentiary is far from satisfactory, and an outbreak is liable to occur at any time. The prison is so badly overcrowded and the guards so few in number that only by exercising the greatest vigilance can the convicts be kept under subjection. During the winter months there is not much likelihood of any attempt at jail breaking, hut with the arrival of spring, when the suow has disappeared, the prison ers. once beyond the reach of guards, have a fair chance to make good their escape. The temptation will be strong upon many to make the venture, ard it is not at all improbable that startling news from this institution will be received before the com ing summer is far advanced. F. M. W. Not Pardoned. The petition for the pardon of Dennis Manten, who killed Michael Calkins, on the 28th of July, 1882, in the Hell Gate canyon, has lieen refused by Governor Crosby. THE CLASSICS vs. SCIENCE. Interesting Letter From a West Side Contributor. Deer Lodge, January 20,1884. To the Editor of the Herald. In an editorial in last Friday's issue, you seem to hold that the recent test between the classic aud scientific schools in Ger many was a perfectly fair one, and defin itely settled the question of which is the liest curriculum in favor of that of the classical schools. But Edmond J. James, Ph. D. Professor of Finance and Administration in the University of Penn sylvania, takes a different view, as is shown by his articles on the subject in the Janu ary number of the Popular Science Monthly. He is an American gentleman, educated in Germany, who recently spent nearly a year in that country studying certain as pects of the university system, and he made a thorough examination of the dif ference between the "real schools," as the schools based on the modern idea are call ed, and the gymnasia or classical schools He shows that for many years the latter have received largely of government aid ; that a classical education is a requirement of entering any promising career in law, medicine, theology, teaching, and (outside of the nobility) the civil and military ser vice of the government ; that consequent ly every influence is at work to send the bright l>oys, the boys whose parents wish them to have the best chance in life, to the gymnasium, graduation from which gives the youth the privilege of entering any or all the departments of the great universities. On the other hand, the "real schools" of ( the first class are not more than twenty five years old ; they receive very meager j support from the goverumeut ; the cost of conducting them is much greater ou ac count of apparatus and the like; they are much fewer than the gymnasia, and conse quently have a much smaller field from which to draw their pupils; their gradu ates were not allowed to enter the universi ties until 1869, and were then only given the privilege of the philosophical depart ments, but prohibited from entering the departments of law, medicine and theolo gy ; and that when admitted in 1869 to the philosophical departments it was against the protests of the professors iu those depart ments, who prejudged the case against them, and who naturally have not been in clined to use such efforts as might prove their judgment incorrect. In 1879 the same professors again protested against the "real school" graduates and petitioned for the closing of the philosoph ical departments against them. These pro tests and petitions, with other papers of a similar character, form the celebrated Ber lin report, to which your article refers. In fact, the "real schools," with all the odds against them, with a limited field, and with partial judges, were expected in ten years to prove their superiority over the gymnasia, possessing the inheritance of all the ages, the patronage of a powerful gov ernment, aud nearly all the great control ling influences of the country to encourage them. According to the American idea, that was hardly a fair race. You further seem to maintain that the study of language comes naturally before the study of the physical sciences, hut a little notice of the process of education in the infantile mind will convince you of your mistake. Language and mathematics are abstract sciences and do uot belong to the process of education until the child has learned somewhat to reason, which it does by observing physical facts and operations and their results. Attempt to teach a child by abstract means the nature of fire and what would be your success ? One minute of fractional experiment would be worth a week of precept. You are correct in say ing the study of the physical sciences can be made very dull work, but I doubt if it can be made as dull and impractical as is already the study of grammer and arith metic, a fact proven by the unanimity with which study is abandoned as soon as school days are over. W. K. We give place to the foregoing communi cation with pleasure. In referring to the trial made in Germany, we said it possessed great significance and should lead us to make a thorough trial for ourselves. Our object is solely to ascertain which will give us the best results. Complaints are justly made against the results now attained by our public schools. We teach much less of languages than are taught even in the Realschulen of Germany. However ab stract a science grammar may be and bar ren and uninteresting as generally taught, the study of language can be successfully prosecuted without involving the science of grammar to the extent of weariness and disgust. It is a conceded, universal fact that children at a very early age learn language more rapidly than older persons, aud that fact should be made use of in our educational system. We are not sure that the question is settled by the experiment in Germany, not even for that country or people, and we are very sure that it would not follow that the same results would be reached here. We think our schools are suffering from too much and improper use of text books. What we complain of, as far as we are disposed to do any fault-finding, is that the question has been decided against the study of languages in our public schools without even a trial. List of Helena's Practicing ciuns. Physi* Dra. Wm. L. Steele, B. C. Brooke, W. R. Bullard, P. F/Madden, J. B. Atchison, W. C. Morris, Chas. G. Brown, C. K. Cole, R. F. Clarke, Mrs. R. F. Clarke, F. M. Hig gins, Thos. E'ikies, homœpathic ; C. S. W. Thompson, homœpathic ; H. H. Wynne, eye and ear ; Carl Von Holschuher, Na poleon Salvail, David Lindsay, Earnest Crutcheon. Helena Business Directory. The Herald is indebted to the pub lisher, George B. Staring, for a copy of the Helena City Directory for 1883-4. It is a volume of 116 pages, neatly printed aud substantially bound. ( j [Written for the Herald.1 SCIENCE TEACHING. The Importance of Object Coi , "' >,i ous in This Line of Stag?. The growing interest which is mani fested in the study of natural science as a branch of popular education, on account of its disciplinary value and its [practical character, has led to great changes in the higher institutions of learning iu this country. Greek and Latin, in the junior and senior years, have, in many cases, given place to the more practical branches of chemistry, geology, mineralogy, etc. The natural sciences have never had a fair chance in the common schools, because they have never been taught properly. In mathematics and language we study the things themselves, hut there has been an attempt to teach the natural sciences by books and illustrations, instead of hav ing the objects themselves to study. The consequence is, a natural failure. The colleges Lave, in mauy cases, choice col lections, which are very beneficial to their own students. The Smithsonian Institution at Wash ington is doing a splendid work iu col lecting and systematizing natural science specimens. The United States government has. for many years, maintained a geological sur vey of the western States aud Territories, by which much valuable information has been collected and distributed hy Con gressmen and Delegates to a favored few, who may uot, after all. be those who will most appreciate such knowledge. Although the common schools greatly need collections of specimens for study much can he accomplished without them. In eyery science there are certain portions, as terms and rules, which are artificial in character aud must be learned by artificial memory. There are also elements so simple, prin ciples so plain, that little or no explana tion is needed; then there are difficult points or battle fields, which must be mas tered by hard work. One of the most fatal errors iu teaching is that of teaching (every part of the sub ject alike. Teachers get into the habit of giving out a certain number of pages each day, without reference to the matter con tained in them. This should never be done, especially in the sciences, as there are some points which must be dwelt ou at length, even if other parts are hurried over. Students should master difficult points, for strength comes with exertion. Teach ers make a great mistake in helping their pupils indiscriminately over hard places. The career of the school boy is of neces sity dependent ; he expects aid of some kind from his teachers, but they should he careful that their help should be of the kind to strengthen aud not debilitate. Upon leaving college the graduate, flushed with recent triumphs on the ros trum, suddenly finds himself aloue. His dependent career ends with his school life ; henceforth he must be self-reliant. It be comes necessary then, that his training should be of a character to develop indi viduality and independence, He must have practical experience, and i the more of it that can come to him with his education the better for him. If taught properly, the natural sciences, more than any other branch of learning, give the required drill and experience so de sirable to a young person just ready to enter the busy arena of life. Scientific expeditions of greater or less extent may be made to accessible points under the direction of competent teachers and greatly aid in the development of youthful ideas aud training them into practical channels. Several of our leading universities annually send out summqr schools of explorers into the mountains under the management of competent in structors. These expeditions prove of great value to those who take advantage of them. The spirit of investigation thus kindled will remain with them through life, affording constant pleasure, and possi bly bringing new discoveries to the uoticj of the scientific world. Those who have never had a taste for I the study of nature cannot realize the j feeliugs of a naturalist upon discovering ! some new uudescribed insect, nor with what joy a botanist beholds a new species of flower for the first time. The geologist will climb the loftiest mountain and traverse the far-reaching valleys in search of outcroppings of rocks, or beds. containing fossil remains, and he willingly • undergoes suffering and priva tion if he can but discover a few facts con cerning the rocky envelop of the earth. Every one should acquire a certain amount of information concerning the nat : I j * I I i ! I I i j ! ! , ( I . I ; Ural sciences, but every one will not be an : enthusiast or specialist. There are many j publications, both books and periodicals, which are designed to present the sciences in popular style, so that the masses may read and be edified by the various subjects of nature. Many newspapers, both secular and , political, recognizing the public wauts, are introducing "scientific columns" in their pages. This is the right course, for news- j papers should educate the people, leading in all matters which elevate and refine mankind. The fragile flower, the star-gammed sky, The rocks and mountains towering high. Are Nature's worko, on which we look, As pictured pages of God's book. H. S. REYNOLDS. Judge H. N. Maguire thus discourses about moon light nights in the Rocky Mountains in the Montana News Letter, of February, 1869—which he edited aud published iu Helena : "Our nights are now indescribably lieauti ful. The moon gliding through clear, starry skies and approaching the full, she lights up the surrounding mountains with her silvery floods like huge domes of alabaster, while the valley of the Prickley l'ear stretches pensively away, completing the magnificent natural panorama with softer hut not less charming features." ' i j ( 1 The Marriage of Edward J. Fuller. The following notice of the marriage of Edward J. Fuller we find in the Washing ton Sunday Herald of a recent date. Mr. Fuller was a tonner resident of Montana and was Deputy U. S. Revenue Collector iu the office of his brother, Captain T. P. Fuller, the present efficient chief collector for Montana, Utah and Idaho. We take pleasure in announcing the marriage to the many friends of the captain and of Ed ward J. Fuller iu Montana, who will nuite their congratulations with the Herald upon the happy event: The marriage of Miss Hattie M. Blanch ard, youngest daughter of Mr. James M. Blanchard, of this city, to Mr. Edward J. Fuller, also of this city, took place on Wed nesday last at the magnificent new res idence of the bride's brother, Mr. George R. Blanchard, vice president of the Erie railroad, on Washington Square, New York. Rev. Dr. Houghton performed the cere mony, which was witnessed by the entire family of the bride and the brother of the groom. Like most young ladies on such occasions, the bride looked lovely, her nat ural attractiveness being enhanced by a rich costume of pale-blue satin, with cor sage aud sleeves of point lace, her orna ments being diamonds. A hoquet of beau tiful roses, tied with white silk ribbous, was carried by the bride duriug the cere mony. At uoou a magnificent wedding breakfast was served by the chef of the mansion, and was eaten from rare china and curious silverware, heirlooms of the family. The decorations were of the finest, the house, and especially the dining-room, being transformed into a bower of flowers. Presents of beauty aud usefulness were given to the happy pair hy relatives aud friends, some of the gifts taking the form of checks for substantial amounts, aud others comprising articles of furniture. After a reception at the house Mr. and Mrs. Fuller left on an evening train for Washington, aud are now living at 305 M street northwest, where they will be glad to see their friends. Pension Claimants. Department of the Interior, Washington. January 17, 1884. To the Editor of the Herald, Helena, Montana Territory : Sir : Please find enclosed copy of list of pensioners of the United States on the roll, January 1, 1883, resident in Lewis and Clarke county, Montana Territory,supplied for publication in compliance with your request. Very respectfully, N. M. TELLER. Monthly Date of original Name of Pensioner. rate. alio« ranee. Donaldson, John F ......... $4 «1 Jan. 1877 Hinds, Orange S............ 8 OO Mar. 1877 Ixjgun Ode lia ................. 2vS 00j Feb. 1870 Pyle, Margaret J.......... 8 00 Aug. 1882 Schroeder, Anton K 8 00 Sept. 187s Cave, Thomas 11......... 8 00 May 1.879 Spitzley, Stephen........... 8 0d Oct. 1877 \\ bite, George \\........... 18 IHi Feb. 1864 Reed, James C............. IS m Feb. 1866 Farquhar, Daniel........... 4 oo Jan. 186.8 Gill, Joseph.................... 4 00 Dee. 1863 Fick, John..................... 4 00 Mar. 1880 Lambert, John............... 8 00 July 1877 Kellv, John.................... 10 00 Jan. 1871 Macumbcr, Alonzo M. 4 00 Aug. 1878 Ellison, Elizabeth.......... 8 00 July 1867 Martin, James.............. 6 00 July 1881 Damphouse, Peter......... 2 66; ; May. 1S66 Price, Julia A................ 8 00 Hearn, John D............. 5 00 May 1881 Shepherd, Frederick U... 6 00 June 1881 Buttolph, James N......... 4 00 June 1882 Heilman, James L......... 12 00 July 1876 Comstock, David........... b 00 Apr. 1882 Fox, Daniel.................... 12 00 Nov. ls7-> Morris, John.................. 8 IX) Mar. 1869 Humphrey, William W.. 6 IK) Nov. 1865 LaSalle, Godfrey........... 10 00 Jan. i--.; Knud, Thompson........... 18 00 • LIST GF LE ITEMS Anderson J F Angelo 1'eterliu Allred E M Allison John F Adams Mrs Adams A C Mrs Barnard Charles Barr Bessie Miss i Bolver Juo H Bari ""' 1 c 11 Remuining in the Post Office at Helena, Lewis miu Clarke County, Montana Territory, on the 23<1 day of January, 1884. When called for please say "advertised." Lindberg A S Lilyedahl Emil Leary Fat Lewis Clark & Co Lachance Michel l.und Hans Lund F O McBae Alex McIntyre James McNutt Lizzie Miss McLeod William S McGaurin Robert Miller Ann Mrs Montana Geo F Morrison F M Miller H C Morrell Wm Mestas Joe Nicholas J It Oberg Clias Osgood David S Farks R E Fahdlogus T J—2 Feinbaugh L 11 Kundlterg A —3 Roberts »alina Mrs Kowley Mert Ross Daniel A Roden Henry Ross J E Rivers C has Reeder J T Reynolds G S Reynolds Annie Miss Kegan M Raw son W Händen John—2 Shtirtz John Sell warble Joseph Schmid John Hanboru F 1) Heott T S Smith Henry Stevens Wm Stephenson Thomas Steele William Sullivan M V Taylor George Taylor Henry Tunis Lute Trued en Joi n Tippetts William Tensen Thomas Trotter D W Weston Addison Williams Add Wilson Ira Woods John C Weyandt J B Whately Joel E-2 Wendt Henry Walter August Wells Geo K Zinser J C Zetterman J J Beams Jno W Benson Fiter Berg Anton Boyakiu Wm A Butler Fatnek Butler John Bradford Alexander Brooks 11 Mrs Bragdon Cyrus Brown David G Brown Wm F Cropsy W B Crotft Charles Clark Thomas Clark Edward Clark Rotiert Clegg John Chase Alfred H Cavanaugh James B Dougherty Willie Dickinson F L Dimsdale S De vastier John W Davison R Davenport W A Davison Jake Earhart Sam Edwards Chas Embody Joseph Frost Chas W Frazer Jack Foggerls D J Fitzpatrick Charles Fetzlafl' L J Gibbous Koht Giroux Frank Gervais Charley Gashperich Nick Gambon Anton Geil — Goodwin II S Gurnett Fatscy Garrett Jennie Mrs Hupe Fred Holen A Hoge R R Hemenway A W Hall C S liambidge Mrs Hicks James Jones Brothers Johnston Mrs Johns Dave Kyle Jame—2 Kalb August CHINESE. Chung Huy Sing 1). H. CUTHBERT, Fost master. Au IJafloubted Blessing. About thirty years ago a prominent physician by the name of Dr. William Hall discovered, or produced after long experimental research, a remedy for diseases of the throat, ehest, and lungs, which was of such wonderful elilcacy that it soon guined a wide reputation in this country. The name of the medicine is Dit. WM. HALL'S BALSAM FOR THE LUNGS, and may be safely relied on as a speedy and positive cure for coughs, colds, sore throat, etc. , MARRIES. VAN WART—HERRICK—In Helena. Janu ary 16th, I SSI, bv Rev. I,. I.. Wood, Mr. C. F. Van Wart, of the firm of Van Wart Sl Co., and Mrs. S. J. Herrick, both of Helena. HOLDEN—ELMSLIE.—In Helena, January 16th, 188-1, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. J. Jay Garvin, Mr. Walter N. Holden and Miss Fannie F. Elmstie. BORN. HARTWIG.— In Helena, January 20th, 1881, to the wife of Wm. Hartwig, a son. BARTOS.—In Helena, January 23d, 188-1, to the wife of Frank Bartos, a son. TOWNSEND.—In Helena, January 18th, 1881, to the wife of Benj. J. Townsend, a daughter. DIE73. LISSNER.—In Helena, January 18th, 1881, Isa dore Lissner, daughter of Marcus and Janie Limner. aged five months. THE REV. GEO. H. THAYER, of Bourbon, Ind., says: "Both myself and wife owe our lives to SHILOH'S CONSUMPTION CUBE." ARE YOU MADE miserable by indigestion, con stipation, Dizziness, Loss of Appetite, \ cllow Skin ? Shiloh's Vitalizer is a positive cure. WHY WILL YOU cough when Shiloh sCure n ill give immediate r'-'i *f. I'riee 10 ets., 50eta.,and SI. SHILOH'S CATARRH REMEDY—a positive cute for Catarrh, Diphtheria aud Canker Mouth. Sold hy II. N. Parelion A Co., dxwly-sep2U Helena, M. T.