From the Daily Herald of January 21.
SILVEH BOW PRINTING.
A Plain Statement of the Award Made
The Miner is violently perturbed at the
action taken hy the Commissioners ot Sil
ver Bow county in awarding to the Inter -
Mountain the printing lor which that
county is chargeable. The Democratic
paper, as one of the ''official organs under
the late printing law, had held for a series
of years a monopoly ol the county "pap,
and as time rolled on it grew to believe
that all patronage of whatever character
pertaining to the county was an exclusive
inheritage set apart and dedicated to its
enjoyment forever. The printing law,
brought to a test in the courts, was ad
judged dead by limitation, the digracelul
measure no longer having a place among
the statutes of Montana. This fact the
Commissioners of Silver Bow were prompt
to recognize, and within their official scope
and authority proceeded to contract for
such advertising and work as the county
had to do. The Inter-Mountain submitted
a proposition to perform whatever print
ing was required at a rate ten per cent,
less than had been charged against the
county by the Mime for the three or four
years of its spurious but unmolested
franchise, and the Commissioners accepted
the oiler and declared the award upon
and in accordance with the rates pro
posed. ThereupontheH/ncrliftsupits voice
and by turns howls and weep:
corruption and extravagance,
is denounced for accepting a
than it would have contracted to do t îe
work and above the offer it claims to have
made. The Inter-Mountain exposes the
recklessness of the Miner's statements,
treats its denunciation ot the Commis
sioners with merited ridicule, and sim
mers down in a few words a plain state
ment of the case—thus:
• This office has contracted to do the work
at a ten per cent, lower rate than the Miner
char'ed. If there is corruption in economy
jt ] 1;l . s »ever yet been demonstrated. For
three years or more the Miner had the full
benefit of the contract and never raised its
voice against the rates it received. Yet
' u a rival office agrees to do the work at
a much lower rate, our esteemed contem
porary lifts up its battered hand-organ
voice and screeches about official extrava
Irticles ot Incorporation.
The following articles of incorporation
were filed with the Secretary oftheTer
January 17th.—Bullion Railroad Com
pany : object to build a railroad from the
terminus of the National Park Branch of
the Northern Pacific Railroad to Cooke City,
in Gallatin county. Capital stock $1,000,
noil: principal office Choke City. Incor
porators, Geo. A. Eaton, F. D. Pease, Geo.
A. Huston, D. E. Fogarty, and G. Haldorn.
Janury 19.—New York Cattle Company.
Object stock raising and dealing in the
same; capital stock $150,000; 1,500 shares
of$100 each; principal office, Billings, M.
T. Incorporators, W. S. Smoot, J. B. Her
ford and J. A. Church.
Good News for the Institute.
I New Keith-West.]
We learn by personal letters this week
that Rev. Dr. McMillan, President of the
Collegiate Institute, is doing very earnest
and effective work for it in the East. It is
believed that he will obtain an endowment
of $25,000 for a Professorship and the ser
vices of another very competent professor;
also $25,000 to build a dormitory building,
and $25,000 more for the general purposes
of the school. Coming iudirectly, we are
not advised definitely as to these matters,
but are assured as to the excellent pros
pects in relation to finances. Amounts like
these would put the institution on a good
basis, with adquate buildings, and with a
full corps of teachers the school will
doubtless attain that properity it so well
\ Handsome Testimonial
T!ie printers in the Chronicle office at
Bozeman have signified their appreciation
of the friendly offices of their chief by the
presentation to the Hou. .Samuel W. Laug
liorue, on the occasion ol' his birth-day, of
a valuable ebony gold-headed caue, with
his name as editor engraved thereon. The
following is the letter accompanying the
handsome testimonial :
Office of the Daily and Weekly Chronicle.
To the Hon, S, IP. Langhorne, Editor of the
Bozeman Chronicle :
Bozeman, January 21, 1884.
Dear Friend. —By express to-dav we
send vou, on the anniversary of your birth, ,
a slight token of our high esteem for you 1
as a .just and honorable employer, always !
anxious to advance our rights and defend \
our interests as workingmen.
A. k. ykkkes.
K. R. CHAPMAN.
S. W. STOVER,
J. H. DAWESJ
ROBERT E. BYRNE.
Proving I p.
The following will he of interest to set
United States Land Offic e,
Helena, M. T., Jan. 17, 1884.
(.'. W. Penrose, Esq.—Dear Sir: The
Commissioner of the General Land Oflice
holds that iu all cases where "Homestead
Proofs" are taken liefere clerks of courts
;m affidavit must be made showing the ab
seuee of the judge of the court at the time
the proof was taken.
I nder this rule affidavits will have to lie
furnished iu the ease of Victor Lineberg.
F. ADKINSON, Register.
-- ' 11
Yesterday afternoon as one of the guests
at Slasher's European Hotel was sitting by
the stove in his room, a .18-calibre revolver,
lying on the table at his side, was pulled
oil by a movement of the cloth, aud fall
ing to the door was discharged, the ball
passing through the calf of the guest's
right leg aud imbedding itself in the brick
wall. The wound is painful, but under
the treatment of Dr. Thompson will not
l*e of long duration.
From the Daily Herald of January -2.
Kernal Woolfolk's Supplement
To the Editor of the Herald.
With feelings of inexpressible delight
the readers of the Dependent discovered that
another opportunity was afforded this
morning for the perusal of Kernal Wool
folk's review of Jndge Wade's decision on
the printing law. With au eager and wild
joy were the golden truths emanating
from the facile pen of the brilliant author
read and read again. Ham sandwiches at
a railroad station never yielded more solid
satisfaction to a hungry traveler than did
the Dependent's supplement to members
in convention assembled to-day. Truth
compels me to admit that this review by
the illustrious Kernal is one of the most
masterly, profound and learned efforts the
world has seen. The mightiest pettifoger
of ancient or modern times has at one
stroke of masterly genius elevated himself
to the highest pinnacle of fame and shed a
lustre of glory upon his name, which must
grow brighte- during the centuries which
the pyramids crumble to decay, but while
the English language exists, while men
resjiect logic and truth, while learning is
are to come. Nations may perish from the
earth, the stars fall from their orbits,
venerated and wisdom commands a nickel,
so long will the generations of man bow
down in homage to the memory of the
j jrreat author who reviewed Judge Wade's
j decision on the printing law.
Good Templars' Reception.
The Good Templars of Helena gave a
reception last night in the basement of
the Baptist church, in honor of Mr. Walter
Holde®, one of the officers of the society
and his bride. The assembled guests were
addressed by the Reverends .Shannon, Gar
vin and Riggin, and music and singing
formed a very pleasant part of the even
From the Dativ Herald of January '.3.
A FIRE BRAND.
Partisan Resolution in Behalf of
At the afternoon session, Toole, of Lewis
and Clarke, introduced the following
resolution. The hour is too late for com
ment to-day :
Whereas, It is the seuse of this con
vention that under the joint resolution
calling for a constitutional convention, the
right is reserved to it to contract for its
own printing, and that the Secretary of
the Territory is required to carry out the
request of this convention iu that behalf,
therefore, be it
Resolved, That the Independent Publish
ing Company is hereby designated as the
paper to do the printing of this convention,
and that the Secretary hereof forthwith
notify the Secretary of the Territory of the
action of this convention.
It was carried finally, after much dis
cussion, hy an almost strictly part}- vote of
19 ayes and 17 noes, Green, Dixon and
McSorley, Democrats, voting against the
resolution with the Republicans.
Leap Year Party in Portland.
The following invitation from the young
ladies of Portland has been received hy a
Herald reporter with thanks:
Sir—B y virtue of the prerogative to
which we are entitled once in four years,
you are hereby commanded to attend a
Leap Year party, to be given to the young
men by the young ladies of Portland, at
Turne Halle, Saturday evening, January
You are expected to conduct yourself in
an humble an submissive manner, and due
atteution will lie given to making this
occasion as enjoyable as it is in our power.
Of this you will take due notice and gov
ern yourself accordingly.
Grand March at 9:30 sharp.
By order of the committee.
leave to-morrow lor his home in the river
—Lieut. G. S. Hoyt left to-day for his
station at Fort Assiuaboine.
—George Irvin, sheriff ol Silver Bow
county, is in the city from Butte.
—Mr. E. M. Clingen, of the River Press,
left on this morning's coach for Benton.
—Fred Kennett, cashier of the Missoula
National hank, came over yesterday on a
—Dr. C. S. Ingersoll, now located in
Butte, came over yesterday to pay a short
visit to his Helena friends. ^
—E. Lippencott. of Florence, is in town
He reports light snows and pleasant weath
er in northern Lewis and Clarke county.
—Jerry Collins, editor of the daily River
Press, the leading paper of Benton, is
sojourning for a few days in the Capital
—Hon. Wm. B. Settle, having concluded
hi, professional hnsiness in Helena, "will !
—Platt Burr, the city editor of the Butte
Miner for two years or more, having severed
his connection with that paper, arrived iu
Helena last evening, probably en route to
the Cœur d'Alene gold fields.
—J. P. Ketchum, of Ketchum, Zastrow
& Co., contractors aud builders, left this
afternoon for New York. He will pur
chase some new machinery for their shops
and have an eye to late styles in architec
—Thomas Worthington, an able steno
grapher, has been engaged by the Herald
to report the daily proceedings of the Con
stitutional Convention. Wr. Worthington
has reported for newspapers many years,
and is an expert in short-hand writing.
. ...... » ----
Letter from Endlcott.
New York, January 23.—In consequence
of the strain in Villard stocks and various
rumors afloat this morning Endicoti, Presi
dent of the Oregon Transcontinental Com
pany, addressed the following letter tc
President Hatch, of the Stock Exchange:
In view of the numerous uninformed ru- j
mors put in circulation to depress stocks j
in which the Oregon Transcontinental j
Company is interested, I deem it my duty j
to state that the (company has not di- |
minished its holdings in the various stocks,
as stated iu the report of the investigating
(Signed) Wm. ENDICOTT.
Since the publication of the letter the
stocks of the railroad advanced from to
TOWN AND TERRITORY,
Butte last week shipped bullion of the
I value of $96.000.
! River Press: From the appearanc of
things in Dawson county Judge Wade will
find it necessary to get on the trail of the
rascally county officials'and rout them as
j he did in Custer
A United States Inspector arrived last
week in Miles City, says the Pres«, his
mission being to assess the value of timber
cut on the public domain on Tongue river
and sell the same at public auction.
l'ublic taste in Montana is not so de
praved that it finds food for amusement in
an attempt to hold up respectable citizens
to the ridicule of the thoughtless.
The above, clipped from the morning
paper, follows the ribald lampoon of Gov
ernor Crosby of yesterday. Comment, un
H. J. McCusick has l>een reappointed
superintendent of the railway mail service
for this district. His district is the largest
in the country, and includes the States ot
] California, Oregon and Nevada, and the
j 'perritories of Utah, Montana, Idaho,
j ^Va-shington and Alaska.
The banking house of Stebbins, Mund &
Co., of Billings, has been succeeded by the
| l<Firgt National Bank of Billings/' the
; chmgß going into effect on the 21st. The
j officerg are . W . R. Stebbins, President ;
W. L. Peck, Vice President ; H. H. Mund,
! Cashier ; H. L. Richardson, Assistant Cash
ier. Authorized capital. $250,000 ; paid in
It is kindly suggested that the Indepen
dent, having nauseated the public with its
lampooning of officials, take up with some
thing rational and iuteresting to its read
ers. For instance, procure a copy of Gov
ernor Crosby's report and print the best
paper relating to the Territory yet pre
pared by any official who has ever occupied
the Executive chair of Montana.
—Major Guido liges, who hasbeeu lyiug
sick in Helena for the past two weeks, was
able to start for Washington a few days
ago. It has transpired since bis departure
that during the holidays it was through
his considerate charity that more than one
person was made happy for the time hy
his liberal donations to the extreme poor
and almost helpless families.
Jack Wright, an old resident of Meagher
county, committed suicide on Tuesday of
last week by throwing himself into the
Missouri river near the Centerville ferry.
The Townsend Tranchant says : "No cause
is assigned for the rash act other than
geueral despondency, and a feeliug of
hopelessness for the future. He had been
drinking considerably lately, and it is
thought despaired of conquering the habit.
He was in Bedford Monday night, and the
suicide occurred either late that night or
early Tuesday morning. Jack was au old
resident of this seetiou, having been in |
New York gulch in 1866. From there he
went to St. Louis gulch, and for the last
three or four years has worked for Sharpe
Bros., on Poverty Flat.
Netc North-West : "The bust of the great
herds of buffalo ou the American continent
is now grazing on the had lands south of j
the Yellowstone, between the Powder and ,
Little Missouri rivers. It is estimated to
contain about 75,000 head. Iu the lan
guage of Granville Stuart "it is surrounded
liue of fire"—the Sioux
by a line of fire '-the Sioux composing |
part of the line aud the white hunters the
other. It is anticipated that by spring the
herd will be entirely destroyed or scattered
out into little bands that will seek secluded
ranges. Mr. Stuart says the wild buffalo
affiliates quickly with cattle, that they
soon become quite tame, that the Tosses
make excellent beef cattle that a 1 are
reproductive and so hardy tha the» are
proof against any weather, and can li» in
snow as high as their horns if there is gr »«s
When things don't go right w th the
Independent —and latterly they eem all
to go wrong—the editor pro ) about
wild-eyed and vicious, seeking whom he
may devour. A» such times it is the Fed
eral officials- -tne Governor, Chief Justice,
and others— who are generally sought out
for the defamation, billingsgate and black
mail of the Bourbon editor. But assaults
count for little so far as they affect the
character and standing of the Executive or
Judiciary, and their maligner and falsifier
is the süßerer more than any other. Said
a prominent member of the convention
this morning: "You folks about Helena p it
the Independent editor against Perkins as
the champion liar. As a robust prevari
cator I doubt myself that the Independent
manager can be easily matched. My im
pression is that, above any other, he is
entitled to be styled 'a colossal embarrass
ment to truth.' " The designation fits, and
Br0 "' y " one ™ these P"«* wil1 " ish ">
amend except to strengthen so mild
of this nature from the source indicated
so mua a
way of putting it.
Our Bourbon brother yesterday paid his
gracious respects to the Helena Land Office,
and besought the consent of Register At
kinson to the appearance in the Independent
—"the tribune of the people"—of such land
and mineral notices as he controlled. The
Kerual was not particular as to compensa
tion for space iu his columns. There were
voids to lie filled—holes to plug—end he
would take anything at any price to till up.
Half the rates charged by the Herald
would entirely satisfy him. The Herald
on several occasions applied for like favors
from the triumvirate under the printing
law, and backed its bids with equally lib
eral offers, with bonds in the sum of
$10,000 for the full and faithful perform
ance of the public work. Did the Herald
get it ? The eight years monopoly by the
Independent of that patronage says we
didn't. The Land Office advertising is
distributed among various reputable news
papers of this Territory. The prices paid
for such advertising is uniform not only in
Montana, but in every State and Territory
west of the Mississippi. The rate is pre
scribed by the General Land Office, and
the Herald profits by this patronage no
more than any one of scores of papers
within and beyond Montana.
Six New Cardinals.
Rome, January 23.—Six new Cardinals
will be created at the consistory on the
21st of February.
A New Tonn—The Result oi an Im
portant Mining Enterprise-
[from ofr traveling correspondent.]
Embarking on the Utah Northern at an
early hour of the morning, a short ride
from Butte brings us to Stuart. At this
place several passengers, including the
writer, relinquish with no little reluctance
their seats in the comfortable car for the
less attractive conveyance of a coach,
which plies between the station and Ana
conda. The snow was deep and steadily
falling, the winds enjoying a genuine frolic
and the prospects of discomfort during the
short ride of seven miles were ieasonably
Our Jehu proved to be an old timer, who
handled the ribbons on the overland line
long before the Union Pacific was com
pleted. The stormy morning awakened in
his mind memories of hardship and adven
ture encountered upon the box in the then
wild West, and their narration proved an
interesting diversion, touching as it did a
congenial cord in the minds of all our little
company. Story followed story in rapid
succession. All took a hand in the game,
and before our fund was perceptibly dimin
ished the journey had been accomplished
and all were landed at Anaconda.
This town is the outgrowth of one of the
most important mining enterprises of
Butte. The Anaconda, as is well known, is
! the largest and most valuable copper mine
in the Rocky Mountain region. It is the
property of J. B. Haggiu, one of San Fran
cisco's millionaires, and is operated under
the direction of the well known miuiug ex
pert, Marcus Daley. «The apparently inex
haustible resources of the property having
been demonstrated hy exploration, it was
decided last season to erect a mammoth
plant for the reduction of its ores; and for
the purpose of obtaining better facilities
for wood and water than were afforded at
the mine, the site of the present town was
selected. Operations began in the
spring and the plant is well
advanced towards completion, though much
work still remains to be doue. At the time
of my visit all operations had been sus
pended owing to the severity of the
weather, but with the openiug of spring
the work will be again resumed and com
pleted with all possible dispatch. The
works of the company at this place will
j treat daily 350 tons of ore, and give em
ployment in various departments to be
^ tweeu three and four hundred workmen.
These employes, with their families, will
j populate a town of very respectable pro
portions, which, as it is surrounded hy a
: rich farming community, must continue to
: increase iu importance. As the land upon
I which the town is situated happened to be
included in the grant of the Northern Pa
cific road that company immediately
platted a townsite and have developed a
genuine bonanza in the sale ol lots. The
place is already well supplied with hotels
and mercantile houses representing every
, branch of trade. The price of building
j lot8 has advanced considerably over the
, animints ork , inallv nflid and PVPrv ftnP is
amounts originally paid and every one is
lookiug forward to a first-class l>oom iu the
I was glad to meet at this place Dr. O.
| Lei8er who> for some moath9) practiced in
Helena. The Doctor is now located per
manently and is meeting with the success
which his professional ability so well de
Leaving Anaconda the return trip to
Stuart was accomplished without incident,
and after a short ride in the calioose of a
freight train I arrived at Deer I.odge.
This is one of the few towns in Montana
that has derived no decided advantage
from the advent of railroads. It has, how
ever, sustained no decided injury, and
while not sharing in the benefits so general
ly realized, will by no means diminish in
size or importance.
Mr. Sam Scott, the genial proprietor of
the Scott House, is well-known as a lover
of horse flesh and an enthusiastic sports
man. His house is, as in former years,
well provided with the comforts demanded
hy the inner man and commands a large
j share 0 f the public patronage.
I was glad to meet, while iu the city,
! Mr. Lou Coleman, who for many years has
[ successfully discharged * the duties of
County Treasurer. „Mr. Coleman is one of
the best accountants in the Territory, and
takes as much pride in his books as a sur
geon does in his instruments.
The firm of E. L. Bonner & Co. is the
principal mercantile establishment of the
town, having a large retail dry goods store
and a grocery house. Each occupies a
handsome brick block and carry a heavy
stock in their respective lines.
The livery business is represented by
J. W. Esten, who has a large number of
turn-outs of every description, which are
rented at reasonable figures.
The McBurney House is a handsome
two story brick, and under the manage
ment of Messrs. Aylesworth & McFarland
is one of the best conducted hotels in the
Territory. As Deer Lodgers have a be
coming respect for toothsome luxuries, its
tables are always well patronized.
The condition of aflairs at the Deer
Lodge penitentiary is far from satisfactory,
and an outbreak is liable to occur at any
time. The prison is so badly overcrowded
and the guards so few in number that only
by exercising the greatest vigilance can
the convicts be kept under subjection.
During the winter months there is not
much likelihood of any attempt at jail
breaking, hut with the arrival of spring,
when the suow has disappeared, the prison
ers. once beyond the reach of guards, have
a fair chance to make good their escape.
The temptation will be strong upon many
to make the venture, ard it is not at all
improbable that startling news from this
institution will be received before the com
ing summer is far advanced. F. M. W.
The petition for the pardon of Dennis
Manten, who killed Michael Calkins, on
the 28th of July, 1882, in the Hell Gate
canyon, has lieen refused by Governor
THE CLASSICS vs. SCIENCE.
Interesting Letter From a West Side
Deer Lodge, January 20,1884.
To the Editor of the Herald.
In an editorial in last Friday's issue, you
seem to hold that the recent test between
the classic aud scientific schools in Ger
many was a perfectly fair one, and defin
itely settled the question of which is the
liest curriculum in favor of that of the
classical schools. But Edmond J. James,
Ph. D. Professor of Finance and
Administration in the University of Penn
sylvania, takes a different view, as is shown
by his articles on the subject in the Janu
ary number of the Popular Science Monthly.
He is an American gentleman, educated in
Germany, who recently spent nearly a
year in that country studying certain as
pects of the university system, and he
made a thorough examination of the dif
ference between the "real schools," as the
schools based on the modern idea are call
ed, and the gymnasia or classical schools
He shows that for many years the latter
have received largely of government aid ;
that a classical education is a requirement
of entering any promising career in law,
medicine, theology, teaching, and (outside
of the nobility) the civil and military ser
vice of the government ; that consequent
ly every influence is at work to send the
bright l>oys, the boys whose parents wish
them to have the best chance in life, to
the gymnasium, graduation from which
gives the youth the privilege of entering
any or all the departments of the great
On the other hand, the "real schools" of (
the first class are not more than twenty
five years old ; they receive very meager j
support from the goverumeut ; the cost of
conducting them is much greater ou ac
count of apparatus and the like; they are
much fewer than the gymnasia, and conse
quently have a much smaller field from
which to draw their pupils; their gradu
ates were not allowed to enter the universi
ties until 1869, and were then only given
the privilege of the philosophical depart
ments, but prohibited from entering the
departments of law, medicine and theolo
gy ; and that when admitted in 1869 to
the philosophical departments it was against
the protests of the professors iu those depart
ments, who prejudged the case against
them, and who naturally have not been in
clined to use such efforts as might prove
their judgment incorrect. In 1879 the same
professors again protested against
the "real school" graduates and
petitioned for the closing of the philosoph
ical departments against them. These pro
tests and petitions, with other papers of a
similar character, form the celebrated Ber
lin report, to which your article refers. In
fact, the "real schools," with all the odds
against them, with a limited field, and
with partial judges, were expected in ten
years to prove their superiority over the
gymnasia, possessing the inheritance of all
the ages, the patronage of a powerful gov
ernment, aud nearly all the great control
ling influences of the country to encourage
them. According to the American idea,
that was hardly a fair race.
You further seem to maintain that the
study of language comes naturally before
the study of the physical sciences, hut a
little notice of the process of education in
the infantile mind will convince you of
your mistake. Language and mathematics
are abstract sciences and do uot belong to the
process of education until the child has
learned somewhat to reason, which it does
by observing physical facts and operations
and their results. Attempt to teach a child
by abstract means the nature of fire and
what would be your success ? One minute
of fractional experiment would be worth a
week of precept. You are correct in say
ing the study of the physical sciences can
be made very dull work, but I doubt if it
can be made as dull and impractical as is
already the study of grammer and arith
metic, a fact proven by the unanimity with
which study is abandoned as soon as school
days are over. W. K.
We give place to the foregoing communi
cation with pleasure. In referring to the
trial made in Germany, we said it possessed
great significance and should lead us to
make a thorough trial for ourselves. Our
object is solely to ascertain which will give
us the best results. Complaints are justly
made against the results now attained by
our public schools. We teach much less
of languages than are taught even in the
Realschulen of Germany. However ab
stract a science grammar may be and bar
ren and uninteresting as generally taught,
the study of language can be successfully
prosecuted without involving the science of
grammar to the extent of weariness and
disgust. It is a conceded, universal fact
that children at a very early age learn
language more rapidly than older persons,
aud that fact should be made use of in our
educational system. We are not sure that
the question is settled by the experiment
in Germany, not even for that country or
people, and we are very sure that it would
not follow that the same results would be
reached here. We think our schools are
suffering from too much and improper use
of text books. What we complain of, as far
as we are disposed to do any fault-finding,
is that the question has been decided
against the study of languages in our public
schools without even a trial.
List of Helena's Practicing
Dra. Wm. L. Steele, B. C. Brooke, W. R.
Bullard, P. F/Madden, J. B. Atchison, W.
C. Morris, Chas. G. Brown, C. K. Cole, R.
F. Clarke, Mrs. R. F. Clarke, F. M. Hig
gins, Thos. E'ikies, homœpathic ; C. S. W.
Thompson, homœpathic ; H. H. Wynne,
eye and ear ; Carl Von Holschuher, Na
poleon Salvail, David Lindsay, Earnest
Helena Business Directory.
The Herald is indebted to the pub
lisher, George B. Staring, for a copy of the
Helena City Directory for 1883-4. It is a
volume of 116 pages, neatly printed aud
[Written for the Herald.1
The Importance of Object Coi , "' >,i ous
in This Line of Stag?.
The growing interest which is mani
fested in the study of natural science as a
branch of popular education, on account of
its disciplinary value and its [practical
character, has led to great changes in the
higher institutions of learning iu this
Greek and Latin, in the junior and
senior years, have, in many cases, given
place to the more practical branches of
chemistry, geology, mineralogy, etc.
The natural sciences have never had a
fair chance in the common schools, because
they have never been taught properly.
In mathematics and language we study
the things themselves, hut there has been
an attempt to teach the natural sciences
by books and illustrations, instead of hav
ing the objects themselves to study. The
consequence is, a natural failure. The
colleges Lave, in mauy cases, choice col
lections, which are very beneficial to their
The Smithsonian Institution at Wash
ington is doing a splendid work iu col
lecting and systematizing natural science
The United States government has. for
many years, maintained a geological sur
vey of the western States aud Territories,
by which much valuable information has
been collected and distributed hy Con
gressmen and Delegates to a favored few,
who may uot, after all. be those who will
most appreciate such knowledge.
Although the common schools greatly
need collections of specimens for study
much can he accomplished without them.
In eyery science there are certain
portions, as terms and rules, which are
artificial in character aud must be learned
by artificial memory.
There are also elements so simple, prin
ciples so plain, that little or no explana
tion is needed; then there are difficult
points or battle fields, which must be mas
tered by hard work.
One of the most fatal errors iu teaching
is that of teaching (every part of the sub
ject alike. Teachers get into the habit of
giving out a certain number of pages each
day, without reference to the matter con
tained in them. This should never be
done, especially in the sciences, as there are
some points which must be dwelt ou at
length, even if other parts are hurried
Students should master difficult points,
for strength comes with exertion. Teach
ers make a great mistake in helping their
pupils indiscriminately over hard places.
The career of the school boy is of neces
sity dependent ; he expects aid of some
kind from his teachers, but they should he
careful that their help should be of the
kind to strengthen aud not debilitate.
Upon leaving college the graduate,
flushed with recent triumphs on the ros
trum, suddenly finds himself aloue. His
dependent career ends with his school life ;
henceforth he must be self-reliant. It be
comes necessary then, that his training
should be of a character to develop indi
viduality and independence,
He must have practical experience, and i
the more of it that can come to him with
his education the better for him. If
taught properly, the natural sciences, more
than any other branch of learning, give
the required drill and experience so de
sirable to a young person just ready to
enter the busy arena of life.
Scientific expeditions of greater or less
extent may be made to accessible points
under the direction of competent teachers
and greatly aid in the development of
youthful ideas aud training them into
practical channels. Several of our leading
universities annually send out summqr
schools of explorers into the mountains
under the management of competent in
structors. These expeditions prove of
great value to those who take advantage of
them. The spirit of investigation thus
kindled will remain with them through
life, affording constant pleasure, and possi
bly bringing new discoveries to the uoticj
of the scientific world.
Those who have never had a taste for
I the study of nature cannot realize the
j feeliugs of a naturalist upon discovering
! some new uudescribed insect, nor with
what joy a botanist beholds a new species
of flower for the first time.
The geologist will climb the loftiest
mountain and traverse the far-reaching
valleys in search of outcroppings of rocks,
or beds. containing fossil remains, and he
willingly • undergoes suffering and priva
tion if he can but discover a few facts con
cerning the rocky envelop of the earth.
Every one should acquire a certain
amount of information concerning the nat
Ural sciences, but every one will not be an :
enthusiast or specialist. There are many j
publications, both books and periodicals,
which are designed to present the sciences
in popular style, so that the masses may
read and be edified by the various subjects
Many newspapers, both secular and ,
political, recognizing the public wauts, are
introducing "scientific columns" in their
pages. This is the right course, for news- j
papers should educate the people, leading
in all matters which elevate and refine
The fragile flower, the star-gammed sky,
The rocks and mountains towering high.
Are Nature's worko, on which we look,
As pictured pages of God's book.
H. S. REYNOLDS.
Judge H. N. Maguire thus discourses
about moon light nights in the
Rocky Mountains in the Montana News
Letter, of February, 1869—which he edited
aud published iu Helena :
"Our nights are now indescribably lieauti
ful. The moon gliding through clear, starry
skies and approaching the full, she lights
up the surrounding mountains with her
silvery floods like huge domes of alabaster,
while the valley of the Prickley l'ear
stretches pensively away, completing the
magnificent natural panorama with softer
hut not less charming features."
The Marriage of Edward J. Fuller.
The following notice of the marriage of
Edward J. Fuller we find in the Washing
ton Sunday Herald of a recent date. Mr.
Fuller was a tonner resident of Montana
and was Deputy U. S. Revenue Collector
iu the office of his brother, Captain T. P.
Fuller, the present efficient chief collector
for Montana, Utah and Idaho. We take
pleasure in announcing the marriage to
the many friends of the captain and of Ed
ward J. Fuller iu Montana, who will nuite
their congratulations with the Herald
upon the happy event:
The marriage of Miss Hattie M. Blanch
ard, youngest daughter of Mr. James M.
Blanchard, of this city, to Mr. Edward J.
Fuller, also of this city, took place on Wed
nesday last at the magnificent new res
idence of the bride's brother, Mr. George
R. Blanchard, vice president of the Erie
railroad, on Washington Square, New York.
Rev. Dr. Houghton performed the cere
mony, which was witnessed by the entire
family of the bride and the brother of the
groom. Like most young ladies on such
occasions, the bride looked lovely, her nat
ural attractiveness being enhanced by a
rich costume of pale-blue satin, with cor
sage aud sleeves of point lace, her orna
ments being diamonds. A hoquet of beau
tiful roses, tied with white silk ribbous,
was carried by the bride duriug the cere
mony. At uoou a magnificent wedding
breakfast was served by the chef of the
mansion, and was eaten from rare china
and curious silverware, heirlooms of the
family. The decorations were of the finest,
the house, and especially the dining-room,
being transformed into a bower of flowers.
Presents of beauty aud usefulness were
given to the happy pair hy relatives aud
friends, some of the gifts taking the form
of checks for substantial amounts, aud
others comprising articles of furniture.
After a reception at the house Mr. and
Mrs. Fuller left on an evening train for
Washington, aud are now living at 305 M
street northwest, where they will be glad
to see their friends.
Department of the Interior,
Washington. January 17, 1884.
To the Editor of the Herald, Helena, Montana
Sir : Please find enclosed copy of list of
pensioners of the United States on the roll,
January 1, 1883, resident in Lewis and
Clarke county, Montana Territory,supplied
for publication in compliance with your
request. Very respectfully,
N. M. TELLER.
Monthly Date of original
Name of Pensioner.
Donaldson, John F .........
Hinds, Orange S............
Ixjgun Ode lia .................
Pyle, Margaret J..........
Schroeder, Anton K
Cave, Thomas 11.........
\\ bite, George \\...........
Reed, James C.............
Macumbcr, Alonzo M.
Price, Julia A................
Hearn, John D.............
Shepherd, Frederick U...
Buttolph, James N.........
Heilman, James L.........
Humphrey, William W..
• LIST GF
Anderson J F
Allred E M
Allison John F
Adams A C Mrs
Barr Bessie Miss
i Bolver Juo H
Bari ""' 1 c 11
Remuining in the Post Office at Helena, Lewis
miu Clarke County, Montana Territory, on the
23<1 day of January, 1884. When called for
please say "advertised."
Lindberg A S
Lewis Clark & Co
Lund F O
McNutt Lizzie Miss
McLeod William S
Miller Ann Mrs
Montana Geo F
Morrison F M
Miller H C
Nicholas J It
Osgood David S
Farks R E
Fahdlogus T J—2
Feinbaugh L 11
Kundlterg A —3
Roberts »alina Mrs
Ross Daniel A
Ross J E
Rivers C has
Reeder J T
Reynolds G S
Reynolds Annie Miss
Raw son W
Sell warble Joseph
Hanboru F 1)
Heott T S
Sullivan M V
Trued en Joi n
Trotter D W
Woods John C
Weyandt J B
Whately Joel E-2
Wells Geo K
Zinser J C
Zetterman J J
Beams Jno W
Boyakiu Wm A
Brooks 11 Mrs
Brown David G
Brown Wm F
Cropsy W B
Chase Alfred H
Cavanaugh James B
Dickinson F L
De vastier John W
Davenport W A
Frost Chas W
Foggerls D J
Fetzlafl' L J
Goodwin II S
Garrett Jennie Mrs
Hoge R R
Hemenway A W
Hall C S
Chung Huy Sing
1). H. CUTHBERT, Fost master.
Au IJafloubted Blessing.
About thirty years ago a prominent physician
by the name of Dr. William Hall discovered, or
produced after long experimental research, a
remedy for diseases of the throat, ehest, and
lungs, which was of such wonderful elilcacy that
it soon guined a wide reputation in this country.
The name of the medicine is Dit. WM. HALL'S
BALSAM FOR THE LUNGS, and may be safely
relied on as a speedy and positive cure for
coughs, colds, sore throat, etc.
VAN WART—HERRICK—In Helena. Janu
ary 16th, I SSI, bv Rev. I,. I.. Wood, Mr. C. F. Van
Wart, of the firm of Van Wart Sl Co., and Mrs. S.
J. Herrick, both of Helena.
HOLDEN—ELMSLIE.—In Helena, January
16th, 188-1, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. J.
Jay Garvin, Mr. Walter N. Holden and Miss
Fannie F. Elmstie.
HARTWIG.— In Helena, January 20th, 1881, to
the wife of Wm. Hartwig, a son.
BARTOS.—In Helena, January 23d, 188-1, to
the wife of Frank Bartos, a son.
TOWNSEND.—In Helena, January 18th, 1881,
to the wife of Benj. J. Townsend, a daughter.
LISSNER.—In Helena, January 18th, 1881, Isa
dore Lissner, daughter of Marcus and Janie
Limner. aged five months.
THE REV. GEO. H. THAYER, of Bourbon,
Ind., says: "Both myself and wife owe our lives
to SHILOH'S CONSUMPTION CUBE."
ARE YOU MADE miserable by indigestion, con
stipation, Dizziness, Loss of Appetite, \ cllow
Skin ? Shiloh's Vitalizer is a positive cure.
WHY WILL YOU cough when Shiloh sCure n ill
give immediate r'-'i *f. I'riee 10 ets., 50eta.,and SI.
SHILOH'S CATARRH REMEDY—a positive
cute for Catarrh, Diphtheria aud Canker Mouth.
Sold hy II. N. Parelion A Co.,
dxwly-sep2U Helena, M. T.
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