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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 31, 1884, Image 1

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Volume xviii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, January 31, 1884.
No.
11
<ri,c1ilcehli.ljcrald.
H. E.
FISK D. W FISK, & J. FISK,
Pv'iUshers und Proprietor?.
Largest Cir:ulati:n of any Paper in Montana
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»>.111 communications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
%%IIAT MOTHERS ARE DOING.
1 know what mothers are ckx'ng to-night,
1 « vine mothers all over the land ;
1 can see the children in spotless white,
Round many a happy hreside stand.
TIh Saturday night, an-' rwv and sweet,
V ' from its bath li - : a flower from rain,
with } -«« h T { T' , ,
Ami trailing night dresses free from stain.
I know what mothers are doing to-night,
" Putting away a toy or a tool,
Hearing some dear little scholar recite
lesson or text from her Sabbath school,
laying out ready we jackets and caps,
Seeing that shoes and stockings are right,
Gloves and collars and coff wraps—
That's what mothers are doing to-night.
Patiently mending some little tom dress,
SiirhiuK to think no is there,
Putting down needle and t hread to caress
Little ones bending l>eside lier In prayer.
Praying herself as she busily sews,
Now a button and now a tear ;
It's on Saturday niglit a mother knows
The sweetest side of a mother s care.
<>n Saturday night when the children sleep,
And father sits by the fire to rest.
The angels give her a thought to keep,
\nd she feels that a mother s love is blest.
She tenderly talks of their future days.
Telling of all they have said and done,
Till the rather glows to her pleasant praise,
And blesses his children one by one.
And the years will pass and the children grow
Men and women, and wander away ;
Hut deep in their hearts they will keep, I know,
A love for their childhood's holiday—
That day when they wandered far and wide ;
That eve. when they said, in the waning light.
Their Sunday school tasks attheir mother's side;
Oh'her kiss was sweet and their hearts were
ligh
When they went to bed on a Saturday night.
A SUSCEPTIBLE HACHELÜH.
"So, Arthur, you say you're not married—
Susceptible boy that you are ?
The rest of us, while you have tarried,
Have patronized Hymen's gay car ;
Ten year's since we left the old college—
They tell me you're rising to fame;
Yet with all your accession of knowledge,
; Your affections remain just the same."
"Old fellow, I'll make explanation;
I'm tired of this lone bachelor life,
And really don't find reputation
A full substitute for a wife.
Now, gentle affection is one thing—
A sensation I often enjoy—
But an indescribable something,
Is lacking in that, my dear boy.
'There's Nell, whom I take to the opera—
Fine figure, blue eyes and light hair—
She's equally nice for a hop or a
Tete-a-tete on the front stair ;
There's Hattie, so very artistic,
Gentle Jane, and the gay Eleanor,
Learned Prudence, who's quite atheistic—
And all the rest of a score—
"All charming—and really I love them;
Would wedsany one—for a time ;
Yet, if married life did not improve them,
Would long for a happier clime.
Each is tine for the mood or occasion ;
But forever ? the risk is too great.
I repel matrimonial invasion
And remain in my bachelor estate.
'What of Belle—bright country-born maiden—
The sweethear tof old college days?
Even now, boy, fancy is laden
With dreams of her lovable ways;
All the rest are but toys of the dance, sir;
Hear Belle, a companion for life;
Your hand—now I'll whisjier my answer—
She has promised to lie my true wife,"
CATTLE IN A CYCLONE.
BY W. Y. BUTTES.
Corral the cattle ! Fling the lasso far !
Flunk the wild stragglers ! Storm and sleet
betide
H.iste, ho! And charging as in mimic war,
Among the tawny herd hallooing ride.
Drive them to shelter ! Gain the nearest ranch!
Those midnight masses rising in the east
Betoken that the heavens quick will launch
Bolts, blasts, death-dealing on both man and
I least.
Bark the tornado growling from the cloud !
The fiery funnel circling fast in rage;
Bearing with wind and water thunder-loud
Whirlwind and waterspout rude battle wage—
The warfare of the Titans, fatal, fierce—
Tropical forces wrestling in the sky
Puny impediments to break and pierce,
l [Hooting giant trunks while rushing by.
Ho! Hurry toward the kraal ! Crowd closely in !
Mo' Brave vaqueros, mustang-mounted, haste!
\i ith whip and rowel, and unusual din
Prge the herd on ! There is no time to waste.
A hundred horned heads wrecked on the plain ;
A score of bronchos writhing on the sod ;
The prairie furrowed by the ruthless train,
And half a dozen herders gone to God !
PARSING A KISS.
BY UEoIU.E H. HHUBERT.
A bright, jolly miss.
When askeil to parse "kiss,"
Ra ttled on till the teacher did stop her :
It's common in fun,
When properly done.
And it must lie both common and proper.
When strictly in love,
Our thoughts -oar above
Things that are earthly and rural ;
They've singular loves
Of those plural doves,
And must be both singular and plural.
The gender's in doubt,
But can't Ih* left out,
Either party iuay often lie suitor;
Tlie boy nor the lass
Cannot let it pass,
It's masculine, feminine, neuter.
The subject's a miss.
The object a kiss.
And for this nien would all be aggressive;
'Twould lie a slim race,
And a very bad case.
In subjective, objective, possessive.
It's naughty, but nice,
And done in a trice,
But it's condemned by our parents so dear ;
We drive away care,
W'itli one little dare,
For soon will <•<»me on the happy leap year.
- » » —
Mother, may Bridget cut that cake
now ? asked little Johnny last evening,
right in the presence of some company
who had just got seated. "No, child, not
now. "Oh, yes ; 'not now.' That's what
you've been savin' fur a week, and you
said wuz a goiu' to cut it as soon as you'd
have company. " In an hour or so after
Johnny got a slice of the cake. — Merchant
Traveler.
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HIS TURN TO TALK.
The Rad Roy Holds an Indication
.Meeting With the Grocery Man.
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[Peck's Sun.]
"Say, come in here while I give you a
.niece of advice," said the grocery man to
the bad boy, as the youth entered the
! grocery one cold morning with an old
' veteran from the Soldiers' Home, who went
1 up to the coal stove and rubbed his hands,
; and turning to the /?ld veteran, the grocery
; man added : "No, sir, you caE't have any
plug tabacco, unless you have got the
money to plank right down on the counter,
and 1 had rather you wouldn't come here
to trade anyway, because yon look hard
and smell frowsy, and my customers don't
like to mix up with you."
The old veteran warmed his hands and
went out, with a tear in his eye, and the
grocery man took the bad boy in the back
end of the store and said :
"\ou want to let those old soldiers
alone. Your pa was in here last night,
and he said he was ashamed of you. He
said he and your ma were out riding, and
he saw you walking toward the Home,
with soldiers on each side of you, holding
your arms, and your pa thinks they were
drunk. Now, you ought to be ashamed.
Let those old soldiers alone. They are a
bad lot," and the grocery man looked as
though he had been the means of saving
the boy from a terrible fate.
The boy was so mad he couldn't speak
for a minute, and then lie said :
"You and pa are a pretty crowd to go
back on soldiers, ain't you ? How long is
it since you were humping yourself around
this town trying to hunt a substitute to go
to the war for you ? Then the soldier who
volunteered was the noblest work of God,
and yon helped pass resolutions to the
the eflect that the country owed a debt of
gratitude to them that never could be paid.
Every dollar pa has got, except what he
won playing poker before he reformed, he
got out of soldiers, when he was a sutler
in a regiment. Every monthful I eat now
is the prie« of a soldier's wages, who spent
his money for pa's brandy-peaches and
sardines. Pa wasn't ashamed of soldiers
then, when they got drunk on brandy
peaches he sold to them, and at that time
a soldier would have been welcome to a
plug of tobacco in your store, and now you
turn an old wounded veteran out doors be
cause he hasn't got live cents to buy
tobacco."
"There, there," said the grocery man,
becoming ashamed of himself. "You don't
understand your pa's situation, or mine,
you see—"
"Yes, I see," said the bad boy, "I see it all
just as plain as can be, and it is my turn
to t;dk and I am going to talk. The time
is passed when you need the soldier.
When you wanted him to stand between
you and the bayonets of the enemy, he was
a thoroughbred, and you smiled when he
came in the store, and asked him to have a
cigar. When he was wounded you hustled
around and got together sanitary stores,
such as sauerkrout and playing cards, and
j sent them to him by the fastest express,
J and you prayed for him, and when he had
j whipped the enemy you welcomed him
j home with open arms and said there was
! nothing too good for him forever after,
j He should always be remembered, his chil
■ dren should be cared for and educated, and
! all that. Now he is old, his children have
died or grown up and gone West, and you
do not welcome him any more. He comes
I in here on his wooden leg and all you
tliitfk of is whether he has got any of his
1 pension money left. His old eyes are so
weak he cannot see the sneer with which
you drafted patriots, who sent substitutes
to the war, look at him as he asks you for
a plug of tobacco and agrees to pay you
when he draws his next pension, and he
goes out with a paiu in his great big heart
such as you will never feel unless you have
some codfish spoil on your hands. Bah !
You patriots make me tired."
"You are pretty hard ou us," and the
grocery man acted hurt. "The govern
ment paid the soldiers, and gives them pen
sions, and all that, and they ought to know
better than to get drunk."
"Paid them," said the bad boy indig
nantly, "What is four dollars a mouth pen
sion to a man who has lost his arm, or who
has bullet holes all over him? If a train
runs over a man's leg, the railroad is in
luck if it does not have to pay ten thou
sand dollars, What does the soldier get ?
He gets left half the time. I am opposed
to people getting drnnk. but as long as pa
and lots of the best people in town get
drunk when they feel like it, why is it
worse for au old soldier, who has no other
way to have fun and feel rich, to get drunk?
If you had to live at the Soldiers' Home
and work on the road, and do farm work
for your board, you would get full as a
goose when you came to town. Outside
of the home grounds the old soldier feels
free. He looks at the bright sunshine, in
hales God's free air, walks upright towards
town, and just as his old wound begins to
ache, he sees a beer sign, and instead of the
words 'man that is born of woman is of j
few days, and full of woe,' coming to his |
mind, he thinks of the Constitution, 'all |
men are horn free and equal, endowed with i
certain inalienable rights, among which
are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi
ness,' and he goes in and orders a schooner
of beer. The saloon is the only place on
God's green earth where the old wounded
veteran is free and equal, and he makes the
most of it. You can all class me with barn
burners, aud cruel sous of rich people who
have no hearts, but the smile of pleasure
on the face of an old veteran when I speak
kindly to him, and the tear, of joy that
comes from the broken heart and plows its
way dow the furrows of his cheek as he
searches in his pocket for a red bandanna
handkerchief, makes me feel as though I
owned a brewery."
Say, hold on, Hennery.," said the grocery
man, as his eyes became dim, "You go out
and call that soldier back and tell him he
is a friend of mine. By gum, I never felt
so much like a pirate ir. my life. You
have learned me a lesson, and I shall be
proud hereafter to see you kind to an old
soldier, even if he is drunk, and if your pa
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says any more about ycur being a disgrace ;
on the family by being seen with old sol
diers, I will hit him in the ear and twit
him of being a sutler in the army."
"Well, that is all right," Tsaid the bad
boy as he started to go. "Bat don't you
ever act sajsy again when an old soldier
comes in here to get warm, and if he wants
a plug of tobacco and hasn't got the
money you let him have it just as though
he owned a block of buildings, and if he
forgets to pay for it I will bring in coal or
saw wood for you to pay it," and Hennery
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went out whistling, "We'll all get blind
drunk when Johnny comes marching
j home," and then he explained that the
i song was very popular a few years ago,
j when people were so glad to have the sol
! diers come home that sonjje of the best citi
! zens got drunk.
CROCKETT'S CREDENTIALS.
Not the "Lnlicked Rip Roarer" He
Was Credited With Being.
[Washington Star.]
Although Crocket was at first not averse
to the notoriety which his eccentricities
achieved for him, he gradually grew
ashamed of them, and would gladly have
been at less variance with his comparative
ly polished surroundings. On one occa
sion, when he had accepted an invitation
to a large public dinner at which many
notables were to be present, he sought
Judge Bowen, an official of distinction,
who knew him well and liked him.
"Judge," he said, "I understand you are
to be present at the big feed this evening."
"Certainly, Mr. Crockett. Pretty much
every body will be at the dinner, I believe,''
"Well, Judge," said Crockett, a little
slyly, "I want to ask a favor of you. Will
you do me the honor to observe me nar
rowly all through the repast ?"
"Why, of course, if you wish it Mr.
Crockett," said the judge, anticipating
some fresh oddity or uncounthness ; "but
what for ?"
"Never mind at present, judge ; I'll let
you know afterward," said Crockett. "And,
by the by, give the wmk to some frinds
you can trust—gentlemen of eminence
and distinction, like yourself, you know—
so that they may observe me likewise.
But mind, judge, they must be eminent
men—men of bang-up names. Will you
do this for me, judge ?"
The judge renewed his promise with
much heartiness. The dinner came off'
accordingly. But those who had been on
the lookout for some fresh breach of eti
quette on the part of the untutored Con
gressman were doomed to disappointment,
though the event was, perhaps, none the
less amusing. It soon became evident that,
instead of seeking to attract attention, he
was earnestly endeavoring to avoid it.
From the outset he made superhuman
efforts to attain the well-bred decorum
that ruled around him, aud with a very
commendable degree of success. He stud
ied the manners of his neighbors in dispos
ing of their viands with the keenness of a
trapper on an indistinct trail in the star
light, and imitated them with the automs
aton-like assiduity of a Chinese tailor's
apprentice. His childlike painstaking was
equally pathetic and ludicrous. But, as we
have said, he achi«ved a fair degree of suc
cess. Course succeeded course without
evolying a perceptible blunder. He even
sipped his wine gently instead of engulfing
it thirstily. The temptations of rhe des
sert were successfully resisted. The toasts
were drank sparingly. At last, to the (
WuUiici oi all an., he dinuppumiiucnt of
many, the dinner was at an end without
the notorious Mr. Crockett having be
trayed a single oddity or vulgarism what
ever, original or otherwise.
The next day Crockett again called on j
Judge Bowen in his office, with a mixture
of hope, anxiety and suspense in his man
ner. "Judge," said he, "did you aud your
friends observe me closely at the big din
ner, as I requested ?"
The Judge, had divined the rough dia
mond's praisworthy aspirations and fully
sympathized with them. "Yes, Mr. Crock
ett, we did," he replied, "and, sir, we were
both astonished and overjoyed. 'Mr.
Crockett must have been masquerading up
to this Line,' we said to ourselves, 'for it is
evident that he is, after all, a fine gentle
man, who now casts aside the backwoods
character he has thus far seen fit to main
tain."
"Great God ! are you in earnest, Judge?"
exclaimed Crockett, his breath almost
taken away. "Did I really behave decent
then?"
"Decentlj 7 , sir?" reiterated the judge,
"that doesn't express it, sir. You conduct
ed yourself throughout with a dignity and
]>olish as to the manor born !"
Crockett gave a whoop. "Put that down
in writing, Judge !" he exclaimed. "Draw
it up in reg'lar black and white, as they do
resolutions, sayin' just how I behaved at
that big dinner. Then sign it as a proof
that I can be a gentleman under pressure,
Judge—that I ain't a 1 ways the unlicked
rip-roarer they've mostly credited me with
bein'. Will you Judge?"
"I will, and with the utmost pleasure,"
replied Judge Bowen, with difficulty con
trolling himself, despite the drollery of the
situation. "Call to-morrow, and I will
have the document duly drawn up and
signed."
Greatly elated, Crockett called on the
following day aud got the covet#d docu
ment. Its contents were everything he
could desire, and appended to it were a
dozen or more distinguished signatures.
For a long time afterward he was very
fond of exhibiting the paper, especially to
ladies at whose houses lie imagined he had
most glaringly misconduc ted himself.
also, upon his return to Tennessee, display
e d it with great pride to many of his con
stituents, aud the paper became known as
"the Hon. David Crockett's credentials."
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A Balky II orse.
A Leominister farmer recently broke his
horse of a balky freak in a very quiet and,
as he claims, not a cruel manner. His horse
is in excellent llesh and shows no signs of
neglect on the part of his master. He
drove him. attached to a rack-wagon, to
the wood lot for a small lot of wood. The
animal would not pull a pound. He did
not heat him with a club, but tied him to a
tree and let him stand. He went to the
lot at sunset and asked him to draw, but
he would not straighten a tug. "I made
up my mind," said the farmer, "that when,
that horse went to the barn he would Lake
that load of wood. The night was not cold.
I went to the barn, got blankets and cov
ered the horse warm, and he stood until
morning. Then he refused to draw. At
noon I went down and he was probably
hungry and lonesome. He drew that load
of wood the first time I asked him. I re
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turned and got another load before I fed
him. I then rewarded him with a good
dinner, which he eagerly devoured. I have
drawn several loads since. Once he refused
to draw, but as soon as he seen me start for
the house he started after me with the
load. A horse becomes lonesome and dis
contented when left alone, as much so as a
person, and I claim that this method, if
rightly used, is far less cruel aud is better
for both horse and man than to beat the
animal with a club."
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BOZEM AN TOM EL.
Celebration of Its Formal Opening to
Traffic.
Grand Hamiuet---Notable Speeches.
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On Tuesday last, the 22d, the people of
Gallatin, and particularly of its sprightly
county seat, celebrated the formal opening
to traffic of Bozeman Tunnel. An excur
sion train conveyed a large number of citi
zens, with Division Eugineer J. T. Dodge
his assistants, Engineers Beckler and Hoag
land, and Contractor James Muir, up the
divide to and through the tunnel. The
return trip brought the party back to the
city at a seasonable hour in the afternoon,
where, later in the day, a banquet was
spread, healths drunk, speeches made, and
a joyous time generally took place. Among
the citizens who delivered themselves elo
quently were Koch, Alderson, Willson, and
of the railroad people, Dodge, Ford, Beck
ler, and Hoagland.
Beckler, as resident engineer, gave some
interesting statistics, as reported by the
Avant Courier. Work was commenced on
the tunnel February 11,1882. Two men,
who threw out the first shovels' full of
earth, stayed till the work was completed.
They were Frank McCloud and Tom Cos
grove. The pay rolls showed that thous
ands of men had helped in making the
bore. N. B. Turner had been superintend
ent of the work. The length of the tun
nel is 3,610 feet, and height of mountain
236 feet over roof of tunnel. The grade
rises from the east side two-thirds oi the
way through the tunnel. The highest
point is 5.565, being the highest point on
tho entire line, aud 17 feet higher than the
grade in Mullan tunnel. The cost of the
tunnel was twenty times greater than the
overhead line. The greatest amount of
work done in one week was 54 feet un
lined, or 45 feet lined. The distance from
east end to where the lines met was
2,300 feet. The average daily progress
was five feet and seven-tenths, being
seven-tenths greater than Mr. Muir had
contracted to do.
Mr. Koch said the ride to-day was over
historic ground, that of the few places
where historical events cluster, in our vast
Territory, Bozeman Bass is one. Even
Col. Dodge had tried faithfully to avoid it
and find another route for the railroad, but
was compelled eventually to adopt and
cross it. The first discoverer of the Rocky
Mountains, a Frenchman named de Veren
drye, probably crossed this pass 140 years
ago, and Clarke, in returning from the
Pacific coast eighty years ago, more than
likely followed the Indian trail which
leads directly over the tunneL^He r«ferred
to the tripe of the St. Louis fur traders, a
few years later, and the attempt of Eman
uel Lisa to establish a city near Three
Forks, remarking that the Blackfeet in
those days were too many for him, as
mosquitoes and alkali have proven for his
successors.
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l ui > ears Gallatin and adjacent valleys
were a favorite place for trappem,etc^ but
now a far different class—men
homes—are coming over the Pass :
"1 hear tlie tread of pioneers
Of nations yet to lie ;
The first low wash of waves, where 9oon
Shull roll a human sea."
In a few years after the first settlement
ot Gallatin a dark cloud hovered over the
Pass, in the Blackfeet, Sioux and Crow In
dians. This was broken by railroad en
gineers pushing their way down the Yellow- j
stone. But again our hopes were dashed j
to the grouud ; the financial crisis in the 1
East put a stop to railroad building. The |
outlook was indeed gloomy, but it was the
darkest hour before the dawn. We turned
to and helped ourselves ; we knew the
country must he opened, and the whitened
bones on many a hill tell of the struggles
and ultimate triumph. New life was in
fused in the Northern Pacific, and again
the engineers pushed their way into the
Yellowstone valley. Colonel Dodge estab
lished his headquarters among us, and we
carefully noted every word that came from
his lips that told of what the railroad
would do. It was soon settled that the
railroad must come over our pass. Grouud
was broken, men rushed in and build the
track, the last spike was driven, Mullan
tuunel was opened, and now we celebrate
the completion of the last link of the
great line binding the East to the West.
He complimented the eugineers for their
skill and audacity in ruuuiug the overhead
lines, and said : "Where can one find a
higher momiment of engineering skill than
the line over the range at Mullan Tunnel."
He also complimented the engineers for
the skill which directed the men working
toward each other in Bozeman Tunnel, so
that when the headings met it was found
there was no variation by either party from
the established line.
He spoke of the work of the pioneers—
that they had done their work boldly and
well ; had laid a foundation for a great
State ; that all that was necessary was to
build up on that foundation. He closed
his remarks by again complimenting the
engineers, saying that wherever they may
go, east, north, west or south, they shall
ever bear our kindest wishes, "and may
their lines fall in pleasant places."
To the toast, "Col. J. T. Dodge and his
efficient corps of engineers," came this re
sponse:
Bozeman has special reason for celebrat
ing this event. Ever since Bozeman was
established, the range east of you has stood
a frowning obstable to your progress and
communication with the outside world.
He spoke of the manifold difficulties of
crossing the pass, either in summer or
winter. It was for a long time the obstacle
which stood in the way of the approach
of the Northern Pacific, and made it un
certain whether or not in should come by
your doors. Less than three years ago it
was unsettled where the line should leave
the Yellowstone Valley. It was provision
ally settled as far as the mouth of Shield's
river, but whether from there it should
cross the range by BozemaD, Trail Creek,
Flathead or Sixteen-mile pass was unde
termined. I was instructed to find the
best route over the range, and realized that j
it would be an unpleasant fact to discover
a better pass after the route was per
manently located. Mr. Van Vleit was de
tailed to run a line from near where Liv
ingston now stands, over Bozeman Pass,
and to return via Trail Creek.
With Mr. Beckler, I made a personal
examination of Flathead and Sixteen-Mile.
We found over a mile of snow on the sum
mit of Flathead Pass. At Sixteen-Mile
we found the summit over two hundred
feet lower than Bozeman Pass, and the
eastern approach less than fifty-three feet
to the mile, but some eight miles longer
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than by Bozeman 1'ass. Hayden described
the valley of the Sixteen-Mile as very
rugged and narrow ; said he found one
place 1,300 feet long and only thirteen feet
wide. Col. Dodge described his attempt to
enter the valley. Went by wagon as far as
practicable, and then on foot—found it im
possible to go up the valley except by
wading, and this he was hardly prepared
to do. Climbed summits and reconnoitered
the ground. Said it offered an illimitable
field for townsites, but we thought it would
be better to run the line where people al
ready lived.
Still the Bozeman Pass—undoubtedly
the best of all—was a "hill of difficulty
there were three different methods pro
posed for crossing it. Complete location
was once made to cross the range by the
north summit by a cut of only ten feet, a
grade of 60 feet on east side and 80 feet on
west, the line being some four miles
longer than the present route.
Then a line was run for a tunnel of 1,
600 feet, through same summit. After
wards he became impressed with the idea
that the summit crossed by the stage line
was a 1 »etter location. Together with Mr
Beckler, four or five different lines were
run. The present route looked forbidding
but when the line was run it v.as found to
be better than it looked. On computing
the cost there was over $1,000,000 differ
ence in favor of this line over the first one
decided on. Taxing it again for snow sheds,
etc., there was another saving of over $100,
000 a year to the road. I did not believe
that the Northern Pacific with its $40,
000,000 could afford to throw away these
amounts. I could hardly believe my own
figures, and went over the work with my
assistants. Even then I submitted my
work to the chief engineer with feelings of
misgiving. But he approved of the line.
Then test pits were sunk, water found
where unlooked for, and earth where rock
was expected. The work was let in Feb.,
1882, and hardly commenced before new
difficulties were encountered Earth slides
became very serious, it was found impossi
ble to timber the ground, but finally the
difficulty was overcome by the use of
water. Unlooked for obstacles were en
countered on the west end, but the con
tractor overcame every difficulty, and he
wished to publicly thauk him for the pa
tience, skill and good nature he had ex
hibited throughout his entire work. He
also complimented his assistants, Messrs.
Beckler and Hoagland, who, on account of
the thoroughness with which they perform
ed their work, had given him so few occa
sions to oversee it in person.
Yqu recol]ect that choice apple
tree by the hedge. Well, I forbid Tom
How Tom Was Saved.
[Chicago Tribuue.[
If there was anything Father Boggles
really delighted in, it was to spin a yarn
about the sharpness of his boy Tom.
"Ah," said Boggles one day, as he had
fairly fixed his auditor. "Tom is the most
remarkable boy you e\ er set your eyes on.
He's like his old dad ; you can no moresar
cumvent him than vou can catch a weesel
touch in'those apples; but he would get]
'em in spite of me. One day I caught the
young scapegrace up in the tree stuffin' his
pockets with the fruit, and I determined
this time to punish him for it.
"Thomas, my son," says I, "come down." |
I thought I'd be a sort of persuasive, so it j
would fetch him ; but he smelt a rat and j
didn't budge an inch.
"I can't, dad," says he, "these apples are }
in the way."
"'Tom," I continued,sternly,'come down j
this minit, or I'll cut down the tree and let ;
yer fall.'
"You see my poor limbs wouldn't permit ^
my shinuiu' after the boy.
"'Oh, no, you won't dad,' says Tom. ;
'Only think how you'd mourn, if you j
couldn't sell the apples.'
"That was too much to have my own
boy accuse me of such parsimony. So
what does I do but get an axe and cut
away at the bottom of the tree.
" 'Tom—Thomas, I cried, as the tree was
about half cut off', 'will you come down
now and save yourself?'
" 'Never mind, dad,' said he, T am all
right."
"It was no use I couldn't bring him i
down that way. So I chopped away at the j
tree until it began to sway and fell to the !
ground."
"What! and crushed your own boy?"
ejaculated the horrified listeners,
"Not by a long chalk," said old Boggles, j
winking knowingly. "You couldn't get !
over Tom in any snch way. What had he !
done but crawled out on a limb; and j
while I was ehoppin' at the bottom of the
tree he had been cutting off' the limb with ;
his jack-knife, and when the tree fell he j
was still up there on the limb!"
Sayings Quaint and Wise.
The great rule of moral conduct is, next
to God, to respect time.—Lavater.
The weak may be joked out of anything
but their own weakness.—Zimmerman. j
He alone is an acute observer who can
observe minutely without beiug observed, j
—Lavatar.
The greatest part of mankiud employ j
their first years to make their last misera
ble.—Bruyere.
The superiority of some men is merely
local. They are great because their asso- 1
ciates are little.—Johnson.
The balls of sight are so formed that
one man's eyes are spectacles to another to
read his heart with.—Tatler.
All the whetting in the world can never
set a razor's edge on that which hath no ■
steel in it.—Fuller.
The premeditation of death is the pre
meditation of liberty; he who has learned
to die has forgot to sene.—Montaigne.
Simplicity, of all things, is the hardest
to be copied, and ease is only to l>e acquired
with the greatest labor.—Steele.
Commonly, physicians, like beer, are
best when they are old, and lawyers, like
bread, when they are young and new.—
Fuller.
When two people compliment each other
with the choice of anything, each of them
generally gets that which he likes least.—
Pope.
If we did but know how little some enjoy
the great things they possess, there would
not be much envy in the world.—Young.
Good manners is the art of making those
people easy with whom we converse.
Whoever makes the fewest persons uneasy
is the beat bred in the company.—Swift.
DRUMMOND.
Railroad Town that Promises
Become a City of Importance.
[from OUR TRAVELING CORRESPONDENT.]
Directly at the feet of a low spur of the
Ilocky Mountains upon a broad sweep of
prairie, which slopes gently dow r n to the
Deer Lodge river, is located the new rail
road town of Drummond. The place is
distant from New Chicago three, from
Helena seventy-two, aud from Missoula
fifty-three miles.
Mr. Ed. Stone, of the Northern Pacific
land department, is certainly to be con
gratulated upon his selection of this spot
as the site of the future city. The loca
tion commands a far reaching prospect
of mountain, valley aud rolling bench
lands, which must awaken the admiration
of every beholder. To the north rises the
low but beautiful range which separates
the Deer Lodge from from the fertile fields
and grassy meadows of Nevada Creek
valley. For many miles to the south the
eye wanders over the highly cultivated
farming lands that l»order W illow and
Flint creeks. To the east and west stretch
away the broad acres ol the valley proper,
the value of which is attested by the ex
tensive improvements and spacious dwell
ings that are everywhere seen. To the
south, east and west stand the mountain
ranges in stately splendor. Basking in the
soft light peculiar to our climate, their
mighty crags and peaks, mantled in the
crystal garb of winter, or retlecting the
joyous humor of the summer season, they
present a scene of magnificence and gran
deur which must charm the most stoical
mind.
Sixteen years ago Mr. John E. Edwards,
a representative pioneer, who had made
the dreary pilgrimage across the plains in
'49, had sought the "fickle goddess" in the
virgin gold fields of California aud sought
in vain ; who had drifted northward with
the tide of emigration to the pine forests
of Oregon, then turning toward, the east
had penetrated the dark defiles and sa\age
fastnesses of that mighty mountain range
so aptly called the "iron hearted," found
himself upon this spot, and decided that
his wanderings should cease ; that at this
place, whether for better or for worse, his
destiny should be wrought out. M hat
prophet at that time could ha\e foretold
the changes which have since occurred i
Who so bold as to predict that through the
wild stretches of mountain, park, and
prairie lying to the east the iron horse
would oue day come? But the spirit ol
the age has more than realized the dreams
which fancy pictured sixteen years ago,
for that lonely ranch is destined to become
the scene of bustling business, life—the
home of a prosperous community.
During the past three years so many
towns have been platted and sold along
tlie line of the Northern Pacific railroad
that at present people are more cautious iu
making investments than formerly, and
require substantial reasons for believing
that their money will be returned and with
a handsome profit. Iu this fact Drum
mond has nothing to fear. The regiuu
tributary is extensive, has been settled for
many years, and is rapidly increasing in
wealth. The Flint creek valley varies from
five to twelve miles in width, and is one of
the best farming sections in the Territory.
The same may be truthfully said of the
lower Deer Lodge, though these facts are
so generally understood as scarcely to
require mention. A considerable trade
from this section has annually gone to the
town of Deer Lodge, because of larger aud
more varied lines ol goods from which
selections could be made. This business in
the future will center in the new place.
In some respects the situation is analogous
to that of Dillon, which sprang up in
Beaverhead valley. Before the arrival of
a railroad that valley only supported two
small country stores. Now, alter a lapse
of three years, it provides business for a
town of nearly one thousand inhabitants.
As Dillon purchases the oats, hay, butter,
and other produce of a large surrounding
region for shipment to Butte ; as it for
wards the wool and bullion to eastern mar
kets and reduction works, so Drummond
will purchase supplies for Helena and Mis
soula and handle the output of the mining
districts lying at the head of Flint, W illow
and Boulder creeks, of which Phillipsburg
is at present the most important. Already
hay is being shipped in bales to Missoula,
and other products of the farm will soon
follow.
Nevada creek valley is a rich district
that during the coming year will pay
tribute to Drummond. It has long been
settled by a prosperous and well to do com
munity jf farmers and stock men. Dairy
ing constitutes a prominent industry, and
the butter made has long had an estab
lished reputation for excellence in the
markets of Helena.
Large quanities of oats are aamially
raised and the butchers of the West Side
look to this section for a considerable por
tion of their beef. One great obstacle the
settlers have had to contend with in the
past has been that they were between fifty
and sixty miles from their nearest source ,
of supply. In consequence, and also owing
to the fact that for several months in win
ter the surrounding ranges are nearly im- )
passible, it lias been the custom to make
but one or two tripe from the valley each
season, when provisions were purchased
I
i
\
;
!
;
^
[
1
'
1
,
,
sufficient to last a year or six months.
These people will now have a market
opened to them which is reached in a dis
tance of from 12 to 20 miles. The advan
tage thus derived it is easy to appreciate.
During the past season a large settle
ment has taken up a section of valley on
the Big Blackfoot. These people, who by
another year, will probably number as
many as the older district of Nevada creek
will also find this place their most con
venient depot of supply, and must con
tribute a large volume of business to the
new town. A leasable pass over the range
has been utilized to some extent for years
and with the expenditure of a few hun
dred dollars can be put iu first class con
dition.
At the head of "Willow creek, twelve
miles distant from Drummond, a number
of mines have been discovered aud a camp
of considerable importance will soon be
established. The ores from this district
are carbonates, are found in beded veins
which vary from three to five feet in width
and yield from 25 to 90 ounces in silver.
Amoug the most prominent properties are
the Comet and Oxide, which were pur
chased in the spring of 1882 for $7,500 by
W. H. Williams, Superintendent of the
Colorado and Montana Deduction Company
ofButte. These mines are developing satisfac ■
torily,the first shipment having been made
a few weeks since. It cousisted of 100 tons
of high grade ore which milled 100 ounces
iu Butte aud 250 tons of second grade,
which was reduced in the Hope mill at
Phillipsburg, yielding 40 ounces per ton.
In the spring of 1883 a number of new
locations were made in this district. In
these lodes the ores are of the same charac
ter and quality as those above mentioned.
In the Screamer the foot wall is slate, the
haugiug wall quartzite, the strike north and
south with a dip of about 50°. A tunnel
has been driven in ou the vein 100 feet
through a solid ore body four feet wide, 20
inches of which, ou the hanging wall, aver
age 200 ounces to the ton. There are 40
tons of this quality of ore now on the
dump and sacked for shipment. Of the
many locations in this district it is impos
sible at this time to make mention, but
enough is known already to insure a pro
mising camp at au early day.
At a point twelve miles from Drum
mond the Boulder, a fine mountain stream,
unites with Flint Creek. Following up
the Boulder twelve miles further the tra
veler arrives at Medhurst, a camp unques
tionably destined to become a large ore
producer in the future. The most promis
ing claim in this vicinity was recently pur
chased by the Lexington Mining Company
of Butte, for $75,000. The vein varies
from 14 to 20 feet in width, is a true fis
sure, and carries ores that will pay from 20
to 90 ounces silver. In the spring steam
hoisting and reduction works will be erect
ed and the mine fully developed. There
are over fifty locations in this district hav
ing an average width of vein of from 5 to
7 feet. They are, however, chiefly owned by
poor men who for years have clung to
their properties, awaiting the arrival of
capital to aid in the work of development.
All this extended region to which refer
ence has been made will draw supplies in
large measure from Drummond. Next
I "
i season a very considerable freighting busi
ness will also be done by the town, which
will materially assist in its development.
All the mining and milling machinery, the
\ salt used iu chlorodizing by the districts
above referred to, will here be taken from
the cars and transported by mule or ox
trains to its destination, while the ore and
bullion shipped will be forwarded from
; this place. In reviewing the varions re
! sources from which the town will in the
; future derive its revenues, there can re
main no doubt that its future growth will
^ be permanent and rapid. The mining di3
[ tricts to which allusion has been made are
1 as yet scarcely prospected, but capital,
after many years of waiting, is at length
' elisted in their behalf, and it is the firm
1 belief of those competent to judge that
within a very few years this region will
, be one of the most important mineral sec
tions of the Territory.
The railroad company has nearly com
pleted the largest freight and passenger
depot on the line between Helena and
Missoula in anticipation of a heavy business
in the spring. The first month's receipts
from this source, ending the last of Octo
ber, amounted to over $4,000, which, for a
station that at the time did not boast a
single business house, was a very satisfac
tory return. A number of buildings have
since been erected to meet the immediate
demands of business, and arrangements
are already completed for the erection of
others with the opening ol spring.
For the accommodation of many tran
sient visitors, Mr. Hettinger has opened
the Drummond House, where comfortable
quarters can be obtained. F. M. W.
-- » + -
A Judge Fines himself.
[Kansas City, (Mo.) Times.I
An example of the impartiality of the ad
ministration of justice was manifested
yesterday in the Criminal Court. When
the hour for the noon adjournment came
Judge White ordered that a recess until
1:30 o'clock be taken, and all were admon
ished to be promptly on hand at that time.
At 1:30 o'clock the marshal's deputies were
in the court-room with the jury in the M.
V. Jones murder ease, which action was on
trial. The judge of the court was uot pres
ent and did not come iu until the hour of
2 was indicated by 'he clock. Judge White
upon taking his place directed the clerk,
Mr. H. H. Nolan, to enter a line of $10
against the judge for coutempt, because of
tardiness. The trial of the case then pro
ceeded.

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