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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, March 20, 1884, Image 4

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^e^eeklg Jerald.
FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
B. E. FISK, ------ Editor.
THURSDAY, MARCH 20, i884.
forest reservations.
Our dispatches to-day state that a bill
has been introduced in the Senate by
Edmunds setting apart 6,900 square
miles in Montana fora permanent forest
nervation, at the head »ater» of the
Missouri and the Clark s Pork of the
1
I
I
jonored and priv
1 work should be
Once beirun we
Columbia.
We feel ourse!
ileged that this gooc
begun in Montana
think there is no doubt but it will be
extended and made general so far as the
Government has not lost it control over
the areas suitable for forest reservation.
Our people need not entertain the fear
that they will be deprived of a reasona
ble supplv of lumberand fuel from these
reservations. Timber trees, like all
growing things, reach their maturity.
If only the tires are kept down, and
wanton waste prevented, there will be
an abundant supply for all our wants,
taken with discrimination from these
reservations without injuring them in
the least. Trees suitable for lumber
.... . I » ni j
will be selected, and all dead and fallen
■h I I I .. fv.r
trees will be cleared out and used lor
d fallen
fuel. When all this dead
timber is once cleared away the dangers of
timber fires are reduced to a minimum.
, ... , • i
It will need a considerable force ot ,
forest wardens and superintendents to
prevent pillage and fires, to superintend
the selection of marketable trees and in
dicate what may be taken for fuel.
These forest wardens will have to be
paid, and we presume the policy will be
to make the sales of timber provide the
means. It will not be a heavy tax, per
haps not noticeable in the general cost
of lumber and fuel. Whatever it may
, ..ni. i r „..n
be, it will be to our advantage to pav well
.. .i . h »■
tor care that will save our forests trom |
■ . »• -,i <v, r i
utter destruction, with famine prices tor
, , ,, , ,, , . .
lumber. Every dollar expended by the.

general government in the preservation
of the forests of Montana is for our
benefit. We should like to see every
acre of mountain land, unsuited for
agriculture, reserved from sale except
where placer or quartz mines were dis
covered. There may be tracts now des
titute of timber where it would be worth
while to plant forests. General atten
tion to the subject by government and
people will in a few years turn the dis
astrous tide and give an increase ot
forests.
SCHOOL RECESS.
We have seen it reported recently that
the city of Rochester had abolished the
mr« from its public school programme,
upon the advice of medical authority
and a general conviction that it was the .
. . , . e ,
source of more harm, mischief and evil ,
than of any compensating good. It is
held that the violent exercise that chil-j
drei» get at such time unfits them for ;
study long afterwards, exposes them to j
take cold, and in various other ways j
works to the physical injury of pupils. ;
But this argument only avails against i
severe and over-exercise, which can be j
prevented without abolishing recess en
tirely. Surely children should not be
allowed to go out in wet weather and get
wet clothes and feet to sit in through
the rot of the session. Nor in any kind
of weather should children be allowed
to engage in such violent exercise a> to
get into excessive prespiration. It unfits
a child for study, and is almost necessarily
followed by a cold, and the seeds ot con
sumption are thus sown. Our teachers
must keep as watchful and intelligent
sight of the children during play time
as while in the school room at study or
recitation. It would require the evi
dence of more than one experiment to
satisfy us that the recess was not a wise
arrangement to give to physical relaxa
tion some common opportunity to con
centrate and exhaust itself.
When the principle of industrial cdu- j
cation is generally introduced and sand- j
wiched in properly with mental training j
the recess may be dispenser! with, or j
transformed in its purpose. As yet we [
do not see how it is to be dispensed with. :
PORTER'S CASE.
It only remains to be sei n if the Pres- i
ident will give the measure his signa- j
ture and thus reverse the finding of one j
of the most able and discriminating
court martials ever assembled in our \
country. Former attempts at vindica
tion have taught Porter's friends can- j
tion. At first no vindication was j
thought of that did not provide a full |
and honorable acquittal, with restitution j
of back pay and all emoluments. They I
are thankful enough now to carry it
though as a political measure, shorn of |
anv back pav and restoration to active ;
service. Even if the President signs
the bill, more out of mercy to Congress
and the country than to Porter, it will
never restore him to the respect of loyal
men. Nobody believes he did for Pope
what he would have done for McClellan.
A man who thinks less of his country
and her cause than of his personal at
tachment' is unworthy and unfit to com
mand her armies.
The Independent'* recent philippic on
Maginnis "kicked up a big stink - ' among
the Irish Democrats of Helena. Nor
did it Stop with them. Party Irishmen
elsewhere through the Territory are re
senting the insult offered their country
man and delegate. At Butte and else
where the Irish wing is indignant and
vengeance is threatened.
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH
VICTORIES.
There is more or less of the jingo ele
ment in everybody, and those items of
news about sanguinary battles are about
as generally attractive as a first-class
perior re arms
enoagb and posted improved ««pom
scandal.
We are not so much surprised at the
1 British success near Suakim as at the
I p'rench victory and capture of Bacninh.
It proves again in both cases that suc
cess in modern warfare does not depend
I alone or chiefly on the possession of su
The Arabs were brave
even to the extent of Krupp cannon, and
so did the Chinese at Bacninh. They
would have done about a- well with bows
atid arrows and javelins, or the China
4 ,
sympathy; only one more ignorant, bru
J' J 6 . .
tal, fanatical sect of Mahomedans against
» . ,. . .
others of the same faith partially civi
lized. We rejoice in its overthrow and
desire its utter extinction. We only re
man's traditional fire-cracker and stink
pot. It requires even more than disci
pline, for the Russian army has plenty
of it, and yet never could stand before
an English force of anywhere near equal
strength. There is an element of moral
and intellectual force which cannot be
definitely expressed that must be present,
Educated labor is better at any sort of
work, and it is better for the work of de
struction for which wars are waged.
*In the war in Egypt it was the case of
a barbarous fanaticism running its thick
head against English bulwarks. There
was no popular rising of oppressed peo
ple against their oppressors to enlist our
,
gret to hear Gladstone sav that the Eng
. * , , r,
lish do not intend to stay in and hold
Egypt.
As to the French in Tonquin there is
less to enlist our sympathy and approval,
The Chinese themselves are in Tonquin
a< eonquorers and tax gatherers and
have as little just cause for living there
as the French. The people of the
country are unable to protect themselves
agahist either oppressor. They will have
to pay tribute and damages all the same
* - . , , .
whichever side wins the tight. As
. . .... ..
France is more advanced in civilization
her rule will be apt to prove the most
.,
enlightened and instructive, hence the
balance wavers perhaps a little in that
direction.
The scepter has departed from bar
barism forever. In our era nations are
strong in proportion as they are edu
cated, independent and moral.
THE FREE LIST.
. ,
than we can produce them at a profit
, .. ....
consumer and comparatively tew are
producers. Still it is very evident that
the producers of these articles of prime
necessity stand on a different footing
from growers of wheat and corn. There
are countiies that can for a time at least
furnish us with these articles cheaper
;
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Salt, sugar, lumber, coal and wool are
among those raw products of general u.-e j
which ought not to bear a heavy tariff,
Of these articles nearly everybody is a
and pay the ruling wages of this coun
try. These are articles in the production
of which skilled labor does not enter so
largely as in most manufactures, and the
amount of the relative cost of labor to
material in preparing them for the stage
of consumption is below the average.
We have facilities and resources for
producing all these articles of general
necessity, and these resources are not, in
the case of most of them, likely to be
come exhausted. By gaining skill and
experience in working our own resources
the cost of production will be lowered.
Competition will keep down profits to a
reasonable price.
It seems to us very clearly that it is
even more essential for our country to be
independent of foreign countries in the
supply of its necessaries than in its
luxuries.
If we put these enumerated articles
on the free list the immediate result may
be a reduction of cost to the purchaser,
for home production would cease
and the foreign supply poured in
for the purpose of breaking down
production and destroying home
competition. After destroying this
home production, with millions of in
vested capital and thousands of laborers
reduced to idleness and beggary, the
foreign supply would be advanced in
price to even rates higher than prevail
under home competition. Such has been
the universal experience.
Home supplies of these most essential
articles of life we should have above all
things,and then in case of war we should
be independent and none would suffer.
Home competition is a surer reliance
than the moderation of foreign shippers.
In the name of prudence, independence
and economy we protest against the free
list proposed._
They have been having a very excit
ing and significant election for members
of parliament in the Sandwich Islands.
| 0,1 the one side was ilTr&yed the ml8slon -
; ar >' or church l ,eo l de > and a f- rainst them
the King and all his court, Spreckles
and his sugar interest, the liquor interest
and tne rest. For the first time in
thirty years the issue was fairly made up
bv a combination of all the demoralizing
elements against morality. The court
party was only able to secure 10 mem
bers out of 28. When brought down to
a strict, close test the people of the Sand
wich Islands better deserve the name of
Christian nation than we do.
WlTH our regular eastern mail, just
I, thirty-six hours behind time, it is
gratifying to road the promises of fast
• mailtrains over the Northern Pa
cific. The Montana division of the road
^ 15ls n0 * nie *; l ^ e hindrances and ob
structions that have beset the Dakota
, division And COU ipared with Colorado,
j the roads in Montana have had an easy
i time.
CATTLE DISEASE.
The telegraph within the past few
days has kept the country stirred up
over the fact that the terrible foot and
mouth disease has appeared among the
! cattle near Neosha Falls in Kansas
From descriptions it appears to be as
contageous and fatal as small-pox, chol
era, or yellow fever among men. Wheth
er there is any remedy after an animal is
once attacked we do not learn. The
theory on which it is proposed to act is
to kill and burn the bodies of all infected
animals.
The Governor of Kansas has called an
extra session of the Legislature to deal
with the matter. And Senator Plumb
has introduced into the Senate a bill
making an immediate appropriation of
the very inadequate sum of $50,000,to be
expended under the direction of the
Commissioner of Agriculture in investi
ing and curing the disease,
These are good steps, both of them,
but especially that one of Congress seems
altogether inadequate to the danger and
interests involved.
This is not a new disease, as we under
stand, for we have seen allusions to it
often as existing in Europe, and there
ought to be available at once the stock
of experience gathered in treating the
disease.
If Congress had appropriated a half
million of dollars, to be used if needed,
it would have been proper, and if it were
near the close of the session that might
have been done.
We shall learn after, perhaps, a thou
sand more warnings, the necessity of
having a Department of Agriculture,
with resources at command to meet with
those dangers that are assailing the ani
mal and vegetable resources of the coun
try perpetually.
Montana is intensely interested in
this new source of danger. What is done
in Kansas is as important as if done in
Montana. If the disease once gets out
i. .
18 as liable to assail other stock as cat
. , . . . ,
tie, or whether it is as dangerous to
it will go through the whole pastoral re
gion and perhaps linger for a series of
years, utterly ruining one of our leading
and most hopeful industries.
We do not know whether this disease
stock running out as to that stall fed and
sheltered._
OVER THE BORDER.
Before the Canadian Pacific is any
where near completion, the farmers at
Manitoba are in open revolt, declaring
that at the rate of transportation charges
on imports and exports the railroad
takes everything and leaves the poor
farmer nothing. If this is true of Mani
toba, what possible hope is there for those
who go to settle in the great wheat and
grazing region still further west and
north? It is a pretty poor prospect, sure
enough. It might bring promise of
cheaper rates of transportation to have
a road built from Winnipeg to Hudson's
Bay. But who is going to build the
road? If it takes all the money and
credit of the Dominion government to
carry through the Canadian Pacific,
what will be left for this other
enterprise? True, they can grant a land
subsidy, but what is such a subsidy
available for at present? And if there
is not enough business for one road
what would be the result of dividing it
between two? It is not morally prob
able that the eastern provinces, after ex
pending so much in order to get the pro
ducts of the great Northwest to pass
by their doors, either by the Canadian
Pacific or the St. Lawrence, are going
to aid very cordially or liberally to di
vert this traffic to a new route that will
blast all their hopes.
Their interests are really irre
concileable. The people of our Missis
sippi valley have the competition of a
dozen railroads besides the great rivers
and lakes to give them cheap rates of
transportation.
We do not wonder that the farmers
in Manitoba are in rebellion, and what
is the worst of it, we can see but very
little hope for them. At the rate the
Canadian Pacific will have to charge for
transportation to pay cost and interest,
there will never be any profit in wheat
growing in Manitoba, or to the north
and west of there.
We can see no possible inducement
for immigration to that country. The
land may be good, but there is no use of
raising crops that will not pay the cost
of raising. It looks to us as if there
was something a good deal more than
temporary dissatisfaction over the bor
der. When Saskatchewan is settled and
cultivated its outlet to market will be
down to Benton, where it can take three
or four routes and reach the region of
effectual competition.
Much discomfort and suffering have
l>een caused recently at Garrison Junction
by reason of the inadequate depot accom
modations. The travel from the south of
emigrants aud stampeders is large, and the
station room is so small that shelter is
sufficient for only a part of the daily on
coming crowds. The frequent irregularity
of of the trains aud the long, weary wait
ing compelled at the Junction aggravates
the hardships of passengers and occasions
bitter complaints. A few days since a
party of emigrants suffered greatly at that
point for lack of shelter and other neces
sary accommodations, and numbers of the
women ard children became more or less
ill. At this season of the year, when de
tentions of trains are frequent—often from
| 12 to 24 hours—the experiences at Garri
; 80n are ol the most trying character,
| Travellrom the south during the spring
and summer is likely to largely increase,
and some means should be taken to pro
vide larger and more comfortable quarters
at the intersection of the U. & N. and N.
P. We presume officials will give the
matter their early attention.
Instead of voting absolute forfeiture
of the Northern Pacific grant, as well
that not earned in time as that alto
gether unearned as yet, it will be more
just and wise to limit the price so as not
to retard settlement, and then the gov
ernment should go further and provide
at once for the survey of all the lands
granted. If within a year after the
lands are surveyed the railroad company
does not pay for the survey and take out
its patents the government should re
serve the right to sell the land to the
highest bidder, and out of the proceeds
pay for the surveying and turn over the
surplus, if any, to the company. In
this way the interests of all parties are
reasonably secured. They lands assur
edly were not given to speculate on. but
to build the road with. The were not
given to obstruct and retard settlement,
but to promote it.
The Washington Republican is a
staunch administration paper, but the
other day it energetically demurred to
what it construed as a temporizing
policy on the part of Frelinghuvsen in
dealing with the Prussian Premier. It
winds up in these words: "Minister
Aaron A. Sargent should resign his
office at Berlin, demand his passports of
the German government, and take the
first steamer home. He was sent abroad
to represent the American nation, and
in that capacity he is daily made the
subject of wanton insult, which he is
unable to resent. His only course is to
resign at once. Then we shall be able
to see if there is enough American man
hood left to prevent the appointment of
a successor. Oh! for one day of a Blaine
in the State Department."
Bismarck has so far recovered from
the gout as to appear before the Reich
stag and explain his action on the Las
ker resolutions. No one can find seri
ous fault with his explanation. The
greatest indignity to us is the manner in
which he attempts to ignore our Min
ister and thebrutal abuse of him that has
been the prevailing tone of the govern
ment organs.Our governmentshould have
returned Bismarck's communication un
opened unless it had come through the
proper channel of the American Minis
ter. From all reports of the treatment
received by Minister Sargent in Berlin,
it is simply brutal and the government
ought to take notice of it, and either de
mand an explanation or recall him and
suspend intercourse.
The betrayal of Delegate Maginnis by
the central Democratic organ leads up
to these comments and queries by the
Inter-Mountain :
The Kernal is evidently figuring tor
the county printing or something of
that sort. But we will bet $2 that
Maginnis will order his paper stopped
and that he will run,for Congress again
next fall, also in the fall of'86, '88, '90,
'92, '94, etc. What does the Kernal
mean? Has Maginnis been selling out
to the Governor ? Has he been exchang
ing confidences with the Chairman of the
Republican Territorial Committee ? Did
Maginnis vote for Botkin at the last
election ? Didn't the Kernal get any of
campaign funds? It is a beautiful fight
fight which the Inter-Mountain will watch
with great interest.
WOOL GROWERS
Meet in Maiden and Form an Organ
ization for Mutual Benefit.
I River Press.]
Subject to call of a number of wool
gnwers in the vicinity of Maiden a meet
ing was held on Saturday, March 1st, 1884,
at 3 p. m., in the parlor of the Internation
al Hotel, aud formed into an association to
be known as the "Lower Judith Wool
Growers' Association.''
The following gentlemen subscribed
their names and were admitted as original
members:
C. W. Cook, W. T. Swope, J. L. Gjerde,
H. P. Brooks, E. P. Chandler, Andrew Fer
gus, William Fergus, and G. W. Sample.
After a full expression of the views of
the members present, it was agreed by all
to drive their sheep to Judith landing to
shear.
A proposition of Mr. G. K. Norris,
located at that point, to build shearing
sheds, provided the wool growers present
would insure driving their sheep there, was
unanimously accepted.
Adjourned to bold a regular meeting at
Maiden, April 9th, 1884.
Let Us be Reasonable.
I Avant Courier.!
The Madisonian, in very forcible lan
guage, severely criticises the recent action
of Judges Wade and Galbraith in postpon
ing the terms of court in the First Judi
cial District, in deference to the wishes of
the people and the suggestions of the new
appointee, Judge Coburn. Our Virginia
contemporary is of course a firm and
doubtless consistant admirer of Judge Con
ger, and no one has any good right perhaps
to find fault with it in this regard ; and
yet it may not be amiss to call attention to
the fact that although the Madisonian is
avowedly a Democratic journal, its ex
pressed views in regard to Judge Conger's
entire fitness to preside over the couits of
the district are not in harmony with those
entertained and expressed by the most
prominent and best informed Democratic
attorneys of the Territory. The Madisonian
doubtless has a perfect right to its views
on this or any other question of public in
terest, and yet in this particular case it
can hardly be as well informed or its opin
ion entitled to as much weight as a major
ity of the judiciary and bar of Montana.
It seems to have become a settled convic
tion both with the legal fraternity and the
common people, that Judge Conger, more
on account of the evident effects of the
gun-shot wounds that he received during
the war than from any other cause what
ever, should be excused from sitting as a
judge upon the bench. That the govern
ment and people owe him a debt of grati
tude and substantial consideration is not
for once questioned ; but to insist that he
shall constantly wear the judicial ermine
and exercise its functions, in opposition to
the judgment of the best informed officials
and citizens of the Territory, is qnite an
other matter.
TERRIBLE
COLLIERY
SION.
EXPLO
Between 120 and 150 Lives Lost.
Lynchburg, Va., March 13.—A special
from Pocahontas this morning says : An
explosion in the coal mines here occurred
last night at 12:30, and from 120 to 150
miners were killed.
Further intelligence from Pocahontas
represents the work of destruction at the
coal mines as terrible. There were 150
men in the mine at the time of the ex
plosion, not one of whom is believed to
have escaped. Those not killed outright
by the terrible force of the explosion most
likely perished from after damp. The
cause of f he explosion has not been ascer
tained. The entrances to the miue are all
full of bad air, but the presumption is that
some miner struck fissure gas.
Several parties ventured into the mines
this morning but could not long endure
the foul air. A number of bodies were dis
covered horribly mangled, some of them
with their heads torn from their trunks,
and others with their limbs all gone. The
work of destruction was not confined en
tirely to the interior of the mines, but
houses two and three hundred feet from
the mines were damaged, and in several
instances entirely demolished. A large
ventilator of the Southwest Improvement
Co. was blown to atoms, and the mines
cannot lie entered until another is con
structed for the purpose of freeing the
atmosphere of the sufficating fumes. A
large force is engaged constructing coffins
and perfecting arrangements for the inter
ment of the dead miners, most of whom
are foreigners.
Petersburg, Va., Marchl3.—Intelligence
just received confirms the story of the ter
rible explosion in the coal mines of the
Southwest Virginia Improvement com
pany, in Tazewell county of this State. It
occurred at 1 o'clock this morning. Par
ticulars are very meagre. Nothing is
learned of how it occurred. Over 100 men
are known to be killed. These mines are
owned by a joint stock company, composed
mostly of northern capitalists.
March 13.
A tele- !
Lynchburg, Va., Maren lä. — a teie- i
from l'ocohontas received at mid- j
gram
night reads as follows : The night relief
went into the mines at the usual hour last
night 150 strong. A little after midnight
the town was startled from its sleep by a
report that sounded like the rumbling ot
an earthquake followed by a clap of thun
der. Soon a messenger came from the
mines, three-fourths of a mile away, with
information to the superintendent that
there had been a terrible explosion there.
The superintendent and a few others went
to the mines. The scene was indescribable.
Words fail to convey the faintest idea of
the destruction wrought in a few seconds.
Signs of it were plainly visible on every
hand. The entrance to the main shaft
was entirely torn out and scattered pell
mell for hundreds of feet. The little car
track was torn and twisted shapless, and
timber and ties lay in confusion all around.
Cars were taken up bodily and torn in two.
In some instances they were thrown three
and four hundred feet away. The timber
on the ridge opposite the tunnel, 600 feet
away, was a blacked picture to the sum
mit. A searching party found a pair of
shoes that had been blown to the summit
of the ridge, and a mule was found at the j
,-ame place twisted into idescribable shape, j
The second entrance to the mine presented
a similar appearance to the first. At this
point lived an Hungarian family named
Glassee, whose house was shivered almost
to atoms, but wonderful to relate the
inmates escaped without serions injury.
Rocks were thrown through the work
shops and every object that stood in the
direct course of the forced air was
demolished. »Several workmen in the
shops were seriously iujured and the shops
as well as the locomotive houses were lev
eled with the ground. Of the 150 men in
the mine at the time of the explosion not
one has returned to the surface up to t his
hour (midnight) to tell the story. The
parties who ventured into the mine this
morning stumbled over several mangled
bodies,one of which was identified as that ot
Hamilton, the night foreman, who leaves a
large family. The carpenters and lalior
ers, alter much suffering and sickness,
succeeded this evening in erecting a fan
and it is hoped that the removal of the
dead can begin some time to-night, though
the smell from the mine is still sickening
and suffocating. About thirty-five Hun
garians are among the victims; the others
are colored and white miners of this State
aud Pennsylvania.
It is uow pretty well concluded that the
explosion was caused trom fire damp, al
though it is inexplicable how a horizontal
coal vein above water level could contain
so much explosive gas. The churches aud
houses at Pocohontas are draped in
mourning and business is entirely sus
pended.
Pocahontas, Va., March 14.—The mines
are still on fire. The only means ot put
ting it out is to close aud seal them, this
is uow being done, and the mines will re
remained sealed two weeks. No bodies
have lieeu recovered.
Central, Va., March 14.—The news ot
the frightful mine explosion at the Poca
hontas mine spread rapidly throughout the
surrounding section to-day and crowds
have been flocking to the scene of the dis
aster. The arrival of every train increases
the numlier and the constant stream ot hu
manity indicates the direction ot the mines
from the village, A special train which
left Central last night with the Midlothian
relief party and newspaper correspondents
ran into a slide 23 miles eastot Pocahontas
aud the party were belated 5 hours on the
track. The blockade still continues, mak
ing a transfer around the wreck necessary.
A visit to the mines this morning presented
to the gaze a spectacle which baffl les all
description. From mountain i»eak to
mountain base were evidences of the fright
ful havoc wrought by the explosion. Hill
sides in every direction were strewn with
debisand blackened with coal dust blown
with terriffic force from the entrance to
the mines. The scene of destruction and
annihilation and desolation is appalling
to the last degree, and when attention is
attracted to the blackened and smoking
entrance to the mines, and one reflects
upon the horrible fate of 150 human beings
whose charred and mangled remains are
buried and smouldering in that charnel
house, one need not be astonished if the
stoutest hearts quail and people shrink
from a nearer approach to the awful .-cene.
The very trees on the mountain side, which
have withstood the storms were shriven
and blasted and their branches scattered in
every conceivable direction. A jiortion of
the w reck was blown clear over the moun
tain ridge fronting the approaches to the
mine and picked up over half a mile dis
tant. All the laborers' shanties in the vi
cinity are more or less wrecked, and those
in the line of the approach to the mine are
completely demolished; and so terrific was
the force of the explosion that the windows
in farm houses two miles off" were shivered.
A few minutes before the explosion a train
of coal cars had been backed into one en
trance to the mine, and the locomotive re
mained some distance down the track.
Many cars were hurled down the track
and others wrecked and others thrown a
great distance upon the mouutain side.
Heavy axles were wrung and twisted into
all sorts of shapes, and wheels cracked and
broken. The gulches in front of the mines
are filled with wreckage.
Pocahontas, March 14.—The mines
embrace an area of 257 acres ; that is to
say, a person traversing all the chambers
and galleries of the mines would have cov
ered that distance. There are five en
trances, every one of which seemed as an
exit to the pent up fury within. The en
trances are all filled with foul air, which
renders the recovery of the dead bodies
impossible. Every attempt to enter the
mines has been attended with bad results
and in several instances many barely es- .
caped dying from the overpowering gas. j
The physicians were kept busy yesterday
in ministering to such cases. The farthest i
entry effected was by a Hungarian whose
son was burned in the mines. Nearly
crazed by grief he could not be restrained
and penetrated to a considerable distance,
but was eventually forced to retire.
He reported seeing a number of bodies in
one chamber torn and mangled beyond
semblance or recognition. One was that
of a boy aged 13, employed as door-lmy,
who was a pet of the mining camp. The
little fellow had just entered the mines
when the explosion occurred.
Col. Geo. Dodge.of the Midlothian mines,
and other experienced mining engineers,
visited the mines this morning aud made
a careful examination, and after consulta
tion it was decided to be unsafe to use the
fan and orders were immediately issued to
have the mines closed and sealed as the
only means of suppressing the tire, which
is still burning. The regular coal drifts
are not burning, it is the fine coal at the
bottom of the mines which is afire. The
entrances will be tightly sealed so as to
smother the tire. In one entrance a tube
will Ire inserted to permit the escape ot
gas. It is impossible to get from the
officials of the mine the amount of damage,
which must be enormous. The mines will
remain sealed for at least two weeks, and
perhaps longer, and when opened - there
must lie extensive repairs before work can
be resumed. Most of the miners killed
were unmarried, as the night force was
mainly composed of the youngest and
most vigorous men. Hampton, the night
foreman leaves an invalid wife and several
children.
One of the young men killed was the
only son of a widow whose husband per
ished in the mines several weeks ago. The
physicians sent up from Lynchburg have
! returned, and only mining engineers and
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j press representatives are remaining on the
ground to-night.
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The Texas Tragedy.
GALVESTON, March 12. —A special to the
Netcs from San Antonio says : The bloody
tragedy at the Vaudeville Theatre last
night, involving the death of Ben Thomp
son and King Fisher, the two most noted
desperadoes in Texas, aud dangerously
wounding Joe Foster, has l>een the one
theme of town talk. The vicinity of the
police station, where the bodies were re
moved, has been thronged to suffocation.
No two accounts of the affair agree. All
was gossip until the jury inquest returned
a verdict that the killing was done by Joe
Foster, Wm. Simms and J. S. Coy, the first
two proprietors of the theatre and the
latter a policeman in their employ. The
jury found that the killing was justifiable
and done in seif-defence. There was no
direct testimony as to who did the shoot
ing, but the evidence went to show - that
Foster refused to shake hands with
Thompson, who was drunk, aud who had
a year before killed Fosters partner.
Thoinpsom immediately slapped Foster
with his right hand and with his leit hand
drew his pistol. Policeman Coy grabbed
Thom icon's weapon as he fired at Foster
and endeavored to wrest it away, and in
the scuffle all three fell and the shooting
became general. From the fact that King
Fisher always held Thompson in contempt
grew the report that he had given Thomp
son his quietus and in the melee had re
ceived, accidentally, his own death wound
at his hands. It was known that Fisher
and Thompson bad quarrelled ou the train
to San Antonio, and that Foster, the man
assaulted by Thompson, was a particular
trieud to Fisher. The latter s pistol was
ibund belted around him undischarged.
Foster's condition is precarious. His leg
has been amputated above the knee, aud
it is feared a second hemorrhage will ensue.
King Fisher was a native of Texas, mar
ried, and leaves several children. He has
lieen one of the wildest spirits on the
frontier until within the past two years,
since which time he has greatly aided the
State troops in bringing outlaws to justice.
His remains were taken to Uvaldtr, where
he was deputy sheriff. Thompson was
born in England, served as a Confederate
soldier, and was a guirrilla captain for
Maximillian in Mexico. He leaves a wite
aud two children. The city is perfectly
quiet. There are no drunken or disorderly
men on the streets, but it is believed the
end is not yet.
Galveston, March 12.—The Ncics Aus
tin special says : The remains ol Ben
Thompson, the desperado killed at San
Antonio last night, arrived here this aiter
noou. A large crowd of people assembled
at the depot. A delegation ot the Knights
of Pythias took charge of the body, which
was carried to Thompson s late residence.
A large number of carriages, some empty,
followed the hearse. The sheriff aud the
chief of police were observed in the pro
cession. The funeral takes place to-mor
row. Many believe that Thompson was
decoyed to San Antonio by King Fisher,
another desperado, and slain in a melee.
An eye-witness says that neither Thomp
son or Fisher tired a shot. It is understood
that Thompson has rectutly been suffering
from insomnia, and was daily becoming
more dissipated and reckless.
Disastrous Fire.
Kalamazoo, March 12.—A fire started j
shortly before noon on the west side of j
the business quarter of the village of j
Allegan, twenty-five miles northwest of
this place, aud under a high west wind
swept through the entire district to the
river, taking every brick store building in
the place, except the Chaffee Hotel and
Peck's bank building. The fire had run
its course in two Lours. The aggregate
loss is estimated at between $400,000 and
$500,000; insurant:?, $150,000. Among
the business places burned was the »Sher
man House, First National Bank aud three
newspaper offices, the Journal, Gazette and
Democrat.
A Town Destroyed by Fire.
Philadelphia, March 12. — Captain
Wyhe arrived here to-day and reports
.almost the entire destruction by fire of
Port Spain, Trinidad. The loss is esti
mated at over $40.000. The tire origi
nated in the Union Club House, and in a
short time the whole southeastern portion
ot the town was in flames. The principal
hotel and dry goods establishment was en
tirely destroyed. They were w ell insured
in English offices. There is no fire de
partment in the place and the flames sub
sided when everything was consumed.
Deep Snow.
Montreal, March 12. —The Canadian
Facific train from Ottawa »Saturday ar
rived to-day. The snow is twenty feet in
parts of the road.
.Municipal Election.
San Francisco, March 12, —In the
municipal election the full Republican
ticket was elected, except J. 0- Brown.
Democrat, who was elected Mayor.
Newspaper Suspended.
Fortland, Or., March 12.—The North
west News newspaper suspended to-day,hav
ing forfeited its western press franchise.
An offer to sell the plant for $10,000 did
not meet with a purchaser.
Bismark on the Lasker Resolutions.
Berlin, March 13.—Nothing has oc
curred to disturb these good relations from
the outset. I regarded the I^asker resolu
tions as an expression of the good feeling
of the American Congress towards Ger
many—a good feeling which has been pro
moted and cultivated by myself. I would
have presented the resolution to the Reich
stag had I not been prevented by its form.
It was not confined to general expressions
of svmpathy, but it expressed the convic
tion that Lasker's lalx>rs had beeu very
useful to Germany. This clause was di
rectly against the policy which in the Em
peror's name 1 have been pursuing, and
which Lasker had opposed for years. Now
the question arises whether Lasker was
right. If he was, then the Emperor's po
licy—my policy—was wrong. Lasker be
longed to the Opposition group, who made
immense capital out of Lasker's merit.
Bismarck was interrupted at this point
with loud cries of "Shame!" by the Left.
He turned indignantly towards the quar
ter from which the cries came, and advan
cing towards the Lett shouted : "fhe cry
of 'Shame !' is an insult to me, and de
mands for me the prevention of the presi
dent. I hope the anonymous libelers will
give their names. They should have cried
'shame' ou those who carried on {»oliticul
intrigues at Lasker's grave. As Chancel
lor 1 can do nothing, of course, without the
Emperor's approval, and 1 could not be
! expected to ask his permission to present
such a resolution to the Reichstag. Lasker
introduced himself in America as the
champion of German freedom against a
government of despotic tendencies, imper
sonated in its Chancellor. Am 1 to make
myself my enemies' postman, even on the
assumption that the Americans are not ac
quainted with our circumstances? The
American Minister at Berlin, or some other
official who possessed sufficient knowledge,
, might have sent warning against conferring
upon me the part of jiostman. This was
j uot done, therefore 1 instructed Kisen
decker, German minister at Washington,
that I could not possibly forward the reso
' lution. Moreover, it did not emanate from
! Congress, but only from the House of Re
prentatives. 1 never intended to annoy
1 America or disturb our relations. I am
^ simply unable to make the opinion of
Lasker adopted by the American House of
Representatives my own. I desire that
the good relations which have subsisted
between the two countries for a century
may still continue. My action was forced
upon me by the abuse which I was sub
jected to here. Frussia withstood all
temptations from other powers to interfere
in the affairs of America aud to recognize
the Southern States. Indeed, Frussia
might claim the merit of having prevented
such recognition by the benevolent atti
tude which she maintained." Bismark
then closed.
Dr. of the of Kiel,
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Dr. Haen), of the University of Kiel, a
leading spirit among the l'rogressiouists.
aud who took a promine nt part in the de
bate on the Lasker affair some days ago,
took the floor and said : It is a matter of
profound regret that Bismarck should have
uttered no single word in praise of Lasker.
Feople are accustomed to reproof of the
living, why has Bismarck not spared the
dead ?
The Chancellor retorted that he had not
sat in judgment on the dead, but those
who tried to glorify his decease had done
so. He denied the alleged friendliness of
the Lasker party toward him. Lasker had
consistently aud )»ersistently opposed him.
The doctor urged that the friendly sen
timent of the resolution should he recog
nized without too carefully weighing words
which he thought expressed antagonism to
his policy.
Bismarck contended that exchange of
sentiments between parliaments was highly
inappropriate, but he added: Dr. Haenl, if
he so pleased, could introduce a motion
conveying the thanks of the Reichstag to
the House ot Representatives for its ex
pression of sympathy.
The appearance of Bismarck in the
Reichstag is generally attributed to his de
sire to maintain friendship with America.
Comments on Bismarck's Speech.
Washington, March 13. —A cablegram
reporting the speech of Fnnce Bismarck
was shown this afternoon by reporters of
the Associated Press to members of the
Foreign Affairs Committee of the House,
and other members ot the House, by whom
it was read with interest, Among the
comments made upon the subject were the
following :
Governor Curtin, chairman of the For
eign Affairs Committee aud ex-Mmister to
Russia said :
"A grtat big statesman made a great big
mistake, and when such a man makes a
mistake it is apt to be a big one. The
diplomacy ol »Secretary Frelingeuysen in
this connection is very commendable, aud
we shall probably say so in our report to
morrow.
Ex-Senator Eaton, member of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee and of the sub
committee to which the subject of the
Lasker resolution was referred, said :
',The speech shows that Bismaick, indi
vidually, has no antipathy
American people,
can possibly pass
against the
No violent resolution
our committee. We
shall probably report to-morrow, and 1 can
not express my opinion more fully uutii
then."'
Kasson, ex-Minister to Austria, said:
"Friuce Bismarck evidently regarded the
refusal to lot ward our resolution as purely
an internal German question, and aims to
show that he was governed by consideration
of the internal policy, and not by any feeling
against our body or country. It seems to
me to continu the view taken by the »State
Department, that a further question upon
that resolution is purely a German ques
tion, involving the relations between Bis
marck aud his parliament."
Deuster, also a member of the Foreign
Affairs Committee aud a representative
German, expressed himself as being
highly pleased w ith the speech. He said
that Bismaick had placed a different con-
struction on the resolution from that given
in his letter to the German Minister here.
He thought the speech would have some
influence on the committee of which he
w T as a member.
--♦
American Pork.
St. Louis, March 13.—The Westliche Tost
will publish to-morrow extracts lrom an
official dispatch of Friuce Bismarck to the
German Consuls in the United States in
regard to the prohibition of American
pork. Bismarck instructs the Consuls to
do everything in their power to cultivate
friendly relations between Germany and
the United States. He 4ays the prohibi
tion of American jiork arose altogether
from sanitary' reasons aud has no unfriend
ly character whatever, and he intimates
that it would lie the interest of the L nited
States to adopt such sanitary measures as
exist in Europe and thereby put Germany
in a position to import American pork.
The dispatch shows conclusively that the
chancellor does not want to provoke retali
ation, but that it is his aim to preserve
friendly relations between Germany and
the United States.
Death of n Millionaire lleir.
San Francisco, March 13. —The re
port of the death of ex-Governor Stanford s
son is confirmed. He »lied yesterday at
Florence. Italy.

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