Ftoio the Daily Herald of March 17.
KEPIBLICAN city ticket.
HENRY M. PÄRCHEN.
For City Assesor and Treasurer,
TILGHMAN H. CLEWELL.
For Police Magistrate.
Fir „ t Ward —WILLIAM H. GUTHRIE.
Ward.—WOODMAN 8. PAYNTER.
T^d Wanî -MARTIN WITHER
Fourth Wn*d-J08BPH R. WITMER.
FifthWard.—JONKPH W. HARTWELL.
THE REPUBLICAN CITY TICKET.
The ci tv convention Saturday even
. . v* . . • ....U that
1 n ~ linI> ie< to the
' ^ . • r
voters of the city for a ratification ol
J omomr the
their work. Ihere is not, among tne
n0 V , g .
undance of good material suggested
for the position of mayor, a better man
'han Henry M. Pärchen.. No one among
qh Juts been longer, more intimately, or
n\ftre honorablv identified with the life
nd interests of our city. Ü e know that
-o far as rests in him our city affairs will
he prudently, honestly and effectively
administered. From this time forward
the affairs of the city government will
increase rapidly in magnitude,
e; rlv years are the most important in
„ ome respects, for the city government
will receive its impress that will in a
easure guide it in future. The com
y ear will be especially impor
IJt no doubt steps will be
ken to inaugurate a system of
< w era ire and provide an independent
a or supply. It is for just such a crisis
• want our best man for Mayor, and no
Id serve us more acceptably than
In most respects equal good judgment
h. s been shown in the selection of the
rest of the ticket. We all know that a
, ; .,re honest, capable and efficient man
i m T. H. Clewell for treasurer cannot
\ J(t found, nor any more capable of dis
chargin'.: the duties of magistrate than
\r„iibtge. Each ward nominee is a
an .f character, substance, energy, and
w iH ,i positive strength to our govern
a ticket deserve
u- support and
\ imi of an Old Timer.
George U. Wilson, from Martinsdale, and
one of the largest ow ners of individual
:*tle herds in Meagher County, is in the
jy on business with the United States
.'.nid office. Mr. Wilson is an old time
re- dent of Helena, in '65, '66 and 67 long
a regular subscriber of the Hekai.d, and
one of the lilieral and hospitable settlers
who are, as a general thing, found on the
outskirts of civilization, especially among
the cattle men in Montana. His house and
welcome since the early days in the Mus
selshell country are as familiar to ranch
men and cattle hunters as a friendly
land mark, and the hospitalities of "Two
Dot' Wilson are the recompense and rest |
alter many a hard day s ride ot those who j
must find a friendly shelter or camp in the j
hr,.di, whether wet or dry, cold or warm. |
He was known in the early days, and is j
now, by the uame of "Two-Dot" Wilson, |
mm the peculiar brand ou his cattle, ot j
» small dots, which were kuowu and
recognized far and wide. A steer or cow
of that brand was known as a "Two-dot- j
ter," from which circumstance he probably
].»-• fewer cattle than his neighbors. Mr.
Wilson, who left the Musscleshell range
since the late cold weather, reports the
loss in cattle as comparatively small, and
the loss among sheep from 3 to 4 per cent*
Mr. Wilson will return home to-morrow,
carrying with him many assurances in j
Helena that his visit has not been one eu- |
tirely of drudgery or business, and that as j
often as he returns he will meet with many j
old friends and a hearty welcome.
The 4» cek's Gold and Silver.
Helena shipments of the precious metals J
lor the week ending Saturday, March
là, 1884, through the First National Bank
of Helena :
From the Boston and Montana Gold
Mining Company at Gloster, $13,000.
From the Helena Mining and Reduction
F-om the Elkhorn mine, $6,000.
Making a total of $47,000.
Shipments ot silver bars tiom the cele
brated Drum Lummon mine, through the
Merchants National Bank of Helena, will
embrace another important item of local
product from week to week as they are
made. The Consolidated Gregory will be
another source of local shipment at an
early day from their accumulation of
idier General's ni tlie Army.
The board of officers composed of Major
General Hancock, Gen. S. B. Hollabird,
Geu. Delos B. Saekett and two medical
officers of the army, appointed to examine
the condition of Brigadier General Ranald
s. Mackenzie, has reported that he is in
capacitated for active service and reeom
mend his retirement. An order placing !
him on the retired list of the army may lie !
issued any day, which will cause a vacancy
among the Brigadier Generals. The
vacancy will no doubt lie tilled from among
the Colonels on active duty. The follow
ing distinguished soldiers have lieen men
tioned in connection with the position to
be filled by the President : David S. Stan
ley, Colonel of the 22cl Infantry; Thomas
H. Huger, Col. of the l^tli Infantry ; John
Gibbon, Col. of the 7th Infantry, and
St. Patrick's Day at Marysville.
The new hall at Marysville was inaugu
rated by a St. Patrick's ball last night by
a large and fashionable company, number
ing some 75 couples. The hall is reported
to be one of the handsomest in the Terri
tory, and both uuique, convenient and ap
propiiate tor a ball room. The party last
night was one of the most pleasant ever
held at Marysville. Al. Oldham and Jesse
\rmitage furnished the music, which was
0! the very liest. j
From the Daily Herald of March 18.
Return of Hod. James Fergus.
Hon. James Fergus of Meagher county,
who has been on the Pacific coast for a
month past, accompanied by his wife,
visiting places of interest, including Port
land and San Francisco, has returned to
Montana better satisfied with her attrac
tions and boundless wealth than ever.
After spending some time at San Francisco
they returned via the Central Pacific rail
road. visiting Salt Lake and Ogden. Being
a man of close otjservation, Mr. Fergus
! gave particular attention to the condition
1 of the cattle in Idaho, California. Nevada.
I Utah and Montana as he traveled along,
I an d reports them at no point in the whole
; course of his journey in any better condition
! than he fin(is them upon the ranges in
this Territory. The markets on the Pacific
coast are no better than at home, and goods
' are no chea I* r > with freight added
I _ -
old gentleman was greatly amused at the
x ____________. ___flrtl/lon
cheapness of street-car fare in the Golden
Gate city. After paying $4 carriage hire
to be conveyed from the steamer to the
Lick House he and his wife were conveyed
three times as far in a grand street-car with
more comfort for ten cents. The cars there
are propelled by the endless wire plan, and
go up hill ami down with equal facility
and speed. The rainy, murky days pre
vented any great view of the ocean and
• country around, and satisfied him, as well
j as other Montanians that he met in San
Francisco, that however grand the roar of'
"old ocean," or how busy the com
rnerce, one grand, extended vision
Montana skies of Montana's valleys and
streams was worth a whole lifetime ot
ceaseless waves and whitened canvass.
With him now there is no place like home,
which he longs to see again, and where he
expects, with congenial surroundings of
wife, children and friends, to pass the resi
due of life.
A CRUMB OF COMFORT.
An Opinion From Which a Hungry
Dependent Thinks There May
Come Some More Feed.
It would seem, if the Independent is re
liable authority, that our Attorney General
has assumed to reverse the decisions of
both judges of onr Supreme Court, and de
clare that the printing law is still in force
down in Gallatin county. The remarkable
discovery has lieeu made also that the last
Legislature recognized the printing law as
still in force.
It does not appear even that the one who
drew the bill referred to ever gave the
matter any examination, and it is abso
lutely certain that no one else in the Legis
lature gave the matter even a passing
thought. Such recognition as this to pro
duce after the full, complete, exhaustive,
examination of the subject by Judge Wade
and his decision that stands to-day as much
the law of the Territory as any statute in
the Code and Revised Statutes, is the puni
est display of a shadowy foundation for an
expired cause ever paraded in public.
Perhaps the Attorney General satisfied
himself w ith the technical point that the
Judge of the First District lias never ex
pressly ruled on the question, aud that
only the Judges or the other two districts
hail expressly decided the matter within
their own districts.
The same printing law that the Attorney
General thinks is in force in the First Dis
trict, is by express decision of a higher
authority held to be null and void in the
Second and Third Districts.
It may furnish a fig-leaf pretext for
such commissioners in the First District as
want only an excuse.
The law never could have home legal
investigation during the first two years of
its existence. Passing that stage, it ex
pired by its own terms in two years. Its
materialized ghost hung around for six
years afterwards, hav ing undergone mean
while a galvanic ressurrection in the Re
It is evidently a source of little consola
tion the Independent to know that even
the ghost of the defunct printing law Hut
ters only over the First Judicial District.
It does not even furnish the drop of water
for its parched tongue.
Enlargement and Improvement of
Hotel enlargements are the order of the
day in Helena. The International has the
skeleton frame-work of its large three
story annex on bridge street, embracing
forty apartments completed and ready for
the brick masons, who w ill presently be at
work on the walls. The plans content
ing the main building with the new struc
ture. In less than sixty days the annex
will be finished and furnished, and the In
ternational provided with accommodations
for not less than one hundred aud fifty
guests in all. The proprietor, Mr. M.
Lissner. is giving his personal attention to
the improvements in progress and is push
ing them forward with such expedition
as the season and weather will permit.
The Cosmopolitan improvement outlines
an enlargement equal in frontage, depth
aud height to the present building. Rear
excavation work, abandoned during the
cold of February, is again in progress. Ihe
pla ns > p 8 prepared by the architect, show
extensions and such remodeling as are re
plate an arch across Bridge street connect
quired by a modern first-class hotel. A
late number of the Northwest of I ortlaud
illustrated the building as it will appear
when finished. The ground floor will be
supplied with a commodious rotunda, bil- ;
Hard room, dining hall, and several lesser |
apartments. The old and unsightlj frame ,
buildings, included in the recent purchase I
will be obliterated and their place occupied I
by iron and brick walls reared to four full j
floors, making the hotel block one solid |
front and giving it an imposing appear
ance. With the improvements all made,
the Cosmopolitan will be able to care for
two hundred guests and answer every pub
lic demand for first class entertainment.
Gold and Silver.
Two large bars were received this morn- |
ing for shipment by the Merchants' Na- j
tional Bank of Helena, of the value of
$12000 The bars contain about $5,000
gold and $7,000 silver, and were refined ;
from ore taken from the lead at the end of
the Maskeleyne tnnnel in the Drum Lum- i
From the Daily Herald of March 19
Annual Report of Inspector Hig
gins on the Institution.
| An Interesting Paper with Some
Valuable Recommendations and
Its Management-Number and Con
dition of the Inmates, Where
They Come From, Etc.
j cation the annual report of the condition
Governor Crosby, acceding to the re
quest of the Hekai.d, furnishes for publi
of the Territorial Asylum, made by Dr. F.
M. Higgins, the physician designated to in
| spect the institution. The following is the
tovt nf thp r^TWYrt •
text of the report
John Schuyler Crosby, Governor :
In conformity with your letter of in
struction I proceeded to Warm Springs and
made an inspection of the Asylum for
the Insane at that place. The physicians
in charge were absent upon my arrival, but
every facility for my examination was
given me by the Warden.
There are at present seventy-eight (78)
. PAtients, seven ( / ) of whom are females.
The patients are contint in suitable build
ings, surrounded by au ample yard for
! springs, at which time their clothing is
purposes of exercise. The food of the
patients is of good quality and is well pre
pared. The patients doing no work are fed
two substantial meals, one in the morning
and one at evening, with a light lunch at
midday. Those at work upon the place are
fed three substantial meals daily.
Those patients who are able are engaged
I in various kinds of work about the farm.
I This plan has been found very beneficial
i as a means of treatment of this class of pa
1 tients, as well at this Asylum as in numer
| ous others of a similar kind in the East.
; There are at this time nine (9) men whose
j insanity is of a mild type at work upon
the place. The health of the patients is
! excellent, there lieing none in the hospital
! at this time. They seem well nourished
j and warmly clothed. The patients are all
bathed once a week in the water from the
The buildings are not built iu groups,
but stand isolated as a protection in case of
fire. Should one or more burn the others
could be saved, thus leaving sufficient
shelter for the patients.
The quarters of the patients are thoiough
ly washed out and disinfected once a week.
The beds are single and supplied with
suitable and comfortable clothing.
The female w ard is isolated and is under
the direct care and supervision of the Ma
tron, Mrs. White, aud her assistants. The
clean and comfortable appearance of this
building reflects credit upon the manage
The drainage of the asylum is as good as
can be desired at present.
The punishment of the violent patients
is by confinement iu a cell and being de
prived of such luxuries as tobacco iu its
The patients are somewhat crowded in
sleeping arrangements, but this will soou
Ire improved as a new building has been
built, giving twelve (12) additional beds.
This building will be occupied in a few
The patients at this asylum should be
separated according to the degree and kind
of insanity from which they suffer. Those
with acute mania should not live or be al
lowed to exercise with those patients who
are suffering with some of the milder forms
of dementia, or with those who are con
Since the first of January, 1883, fifty
eight (58) patients have been received at
the asylum. Of this number only ten (10)
are residents of Montana; the others, as
far as can be ascertained, are from the sur
This abuse, I am informed by the physi
cians in charge of the asylum, has increased
since the advent of railroads. Insane pa
tients are shipped into the Territory,
turned loose upon the community, aud
after wandering about for some days are
taken to the asylum at Warm Springs. Ar
riving in this manner no history of them
selves or of the cause of their insanity can
At the commitment of insane patients
blanks, in triplicate, should be tilled out,
giving proper history of patient and his
insanity. One of these blanks should lie
retained by the magistrate, one sent to the
Executive, and the third should accompany
the patient to the asylum.
There are at present in the asylum two
(2) patients from the penitentiary, both of
whom are believed to be incurable.
There is now at work upon the farm at
tached to the asylum a patient who is ra
pidly improving, and who in a few months
will be discharged. The physicians in
charge have deposited in a bank to this
patient's order the sum of twenty-five dol
lars ($25) monthly, and will continue to do
so until his release.
There is at present in the female ward
an old woman who is blind, but who, since
her confinement, has shown no symptoms
insanity. She is old and somewhat
...... . - , . .
cmidirn, but is not a proper person to be
confined in an asylum tor insane patients.
She has two sons who, I am informed, are
ab j e take care of her. Her name, and
the na " e o1 °J* ot her 8 ® ns ' 1 ha ' e S lv « n
you. A suitable place for her would be
the hospital of the Catholic Sisters at Mis
sou i a) wbere she would have proper care
In conclusion I would suggest that an
inspection of the Territorial Asylniu be
made oftener than once a year. An inspec
tion once every four months at a time se
| lected by the Executive but unknown to
j those in charge of the asylum, would to a
great degree prevent the abuses that so
often present themselves in institutions of
; this kind.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obe
F. M. HIGGINS, M. D., Inspector.
TOWN AND TEEEIT0BY.
Ruby valley farmers have begun plow
ing their lands.
Glendive has contracted for a $10,000
brick school building.
Livingston is taking steps to organize a
mining bureau and exchange.
Town lots in Eagle City are selling as
high as $1,000, and in Mnrrayville from
$100 to $1,200.
Under the new Northern Pacific schedule
to go into effect in April, passengers will
be taken from St. Paul to Portland in 90
Benton wants a land office •? .hat place.
With the reservation opened to settlement
the Press thinks an office will bt absolutely
There are 3,(XX) people scattered along
among the timber of Pritchard creek, and
twice that many are at numerous outside
points awaiting suitable weather to go to
The Townsend Tranchant favors a fann
ers' grist mill to be located at that place.
To best attain this it advocates the forma
tion of a stock company made up of the
stock men of the Missouri valley.
Gus. Grisy says they have not found
even one dead animal among their herd
up to date. He does not expect to get
through without a single loss, but he is
confident the loss will not reach one per
Agent Fulton of the Northern Pacific
railroad is authority for the statement
that the company will, on the first of next
month, shorten the time between Helena
and St. Paul twelve honrs, making the run
from St. Paul to Portland in ninety hours,
and as soon as the passenger traffic war
rants they will run two trains a day each
Chronicle: Ben Clarke informs us that
the statement recently published in the
Livingston paper to the effect that the
cattle of the upper,Yellowstone are liable to
suffer is wholly unfounded. He has been
on the range all winter and has only seen
one dead cow. The stock of that region is
doing remarkably well, and the per cent
age of loss will be remarkably small.
Arriving trains, east and west bound^
disgorge crowds of passengers at this point,
The 'bus lines have about all the business
they can handle, equipped thoroughly with
four-horse stock. The registers ot the
Cosmopolitan ami International show as
many as eighty arrival in a single day. No
city of the size of Helena, east or west,
north or south, can boast of so large a num
ber of visitors at this early season of the
The Gospel meetings held by the Revs.
.1. Jay Garvin and M. J. Hall for the past
few weeks closed on Sunday the 16th.
These meetings were of a deep spiritual
character. Thirty-five professed to enter
spiritual light; twenty-one united with the
Broadway M. E. church. The names of
those who joined yesterday are: G. W.
McNassar, W. L. Work, Miss Sarah Sneely,
S. Hennit, Alice Bundy, I). C. Spice and W.
A. Perry. Rev. E. J. Bickel and Mrs. Dr.
Clark greatly aided the good work.
The advent of the fast mail hæ- necessi
tated a change in the plans of the North
ern Pacific for shortening the time between
St. Paul aud Portland. Beginning April 6,
the running time lietweêu these points will
lie reduced from 104 to 92 hours, the west
bound train leaving St. Paul shortly after
the arrival of the fast mail. This will
make the time to Portland from Chicago
1041 hours, and from New York 135 hours.
This will be of immense advantage to all
towns along the line of the Northern Pa
Press: The eight or ten Indians held
for the last two weeks for supposed com
plicity in the Jones murder were brought
before Judge Tattan yesterday and dis
charged. There was no evidence whatever
against them. However, it was learned
from some Indians who arrived from the
north Friday who the real murderers are
three Bloods, whose names are known to
the officers—but to capture and convict
them would probably cost a good deal
more money than will be forthcoming from
Enterprise : Finney, Johnson & Co., who
are working John C. Clifford's rich placer
ground in Immigrant Gulch, lately made a
highly satisfactory clean-up. The amount
obtained is not stated, but the result was
even more gratifying than in the clean-up
of Decern lier last, shortly after they struck
the rich pay-streak. The gold taken out
ibis time was very coarse, some of the
grains or nuggets weighing seven or eight
dollars. The men who are working the
ground are making big pay outside ol the
share which goes to Mr. Clifford.
Husbandman : G. M. Hatch, one ot the
best posted men on wool growing in Mon
tana. assured us in a recent interview that
there is no business in Montana so profit
able or more safe than this if only small
flocks are kept. From two to three thou
sand sheep can be kept with safety, but
most Hock masters make a mistake by
handling too many. Flocks this winter
have generally wintered well, though the
recent storms have caused then? to shrink
considerably. However, it is believed that
the loss will not be greater than during
the summer months.
Referring to the Helena & Benton rail
road the Butte Miner pertinently remarks:
"The fact is that a road from Helena to
Benton will enable Helena merchants to
lay down goods in the latter city during
six months in the year one hundred per
cent, cheaper than they can be laid down
by any all rail route. This advantage will
virtually make Helena the jobbing trade
centre of the Territory and give it an im
portance as a distributing point it never
enjoyed since its early history. With the
road in the hands of Helena men it will be
worked in the interests of Helena. That
city can hold the key to the business situa
tion if she builds the road, and no one
knows it better than her capitalists. There
is no question about the road being built.
It is only a question of time.
Rev. J. N. Guidi, S. J., will hold divine
service at the Catholic church in Bonlder
Valley Sunday after next, the 30th inst.
—A. D. Balcom. who has been visiting
friends in Illinois since December last, ar- ■
rived home yesterday.
—Dr. Rock man has arrived from Butte ,
and is looking for offices with the design 1
of locating here permanently.
—Theodore Gibson, son of Paris Gibson* ,
of Benton, returned yesterday from a visi t (
of several weeks in the East.
—Last evening daring a rial on the 1
skating door of the Amphitheatre, Mr. I
Andrew Fergus, of Fort Maginnis, received !
a severe fall and broke his arm.
F. R. Merk, a prominent miner of Silver j
Star, is on a visit to Helena for the first ,
time in seven years, and takes in the eapi
tal en route to the Coeur d'Alenes.
—C. A. Roberts and wife, of Fargo, left
for home last evening after a pleasant visit
in the city for a few days. Mr. Roberts is
proprietor of the Fargo Roller Mills.
—A. B. Spreekles, Secretary of the Cali
fomia Sugar Refining Company, and J. E
! Lewis, of Portland, Oregon, left yesterday j
! for the East, after a stop in Helena of sev- |
i eral days.
I —Mr. E. C. Richards, the efficient aud |
! obliging agent of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Ex- !
j press in Helena, has been promoted to |
; route agent, wit headquarters at Portland, |
and goes west this week to take station iu j
Oregon. Long may he wave. j
I —Mrs. J. W. McLeod and children re
turned last evening from the East, where ,
they have been visiting for the past three
months. They were accompanied by Miss
Eugenia Kolb, of St. Louis, who is the I
guest of Mrs. McLeod.
—Aldereon, of the Bozeman Courier, and
Wright, of the Livingston Enterprise, have
betaken themselves from the tripod to
travel. Both are supposed to be in Chicago
to-day—their names emblazoned on the
register of the Grand l'acific among the
notable arrivals from the far Northwest.
—Henry W. Dixon, Esq., recently of
Denver, is in the city en route to Belknap,
where he expect to locate. Mr. Dixon is a
lawyer of fine ability. His father, Hon.
Luther S. Dixon, was for sixteen years
Chief Justice of Wisconsin, and is now one
' of the leading members of the Colorado
—Charles M. Huson, the inventor of
; Huson's patent tramway for running ore
! from the mine to the mill, is at the Cosmo
! politan with a working model, which shows
i how the oar-buckets follow one another on
J an endless wire cable from the mine to the
! mill, and how the buckets are dumped
! automatically and returned to the mine
; with an unceasing rotation day and night
; iu summer and winter.
J. B. Cable, Superintendent of the Rocky
1 Mountain and IdahoDivisionsof the North
1 ern l'acific railroad, is in the city, having
I arrived from Missoula yesterday. It is
learned in connection with his visit to the
j Capital that arrangements are in progress
for a new time table, to go into effect the
first of April, the schedule for which is
now in preparation. Mr. Cable is com
paratively a young man, but a thoroughly
trained railroader, with executive aud
managing abilities of the highest order.
Undej his direction are the most recently
completed and therefore most difficult |
operated portions of the Northern Pacific. !
His jurist!iction stretches from Helena to
Wallulu, covering parts of three Territories ;
aud their main and minor mountain bar
riers. In handling this considerable and
rugged part of the line Mr. Cable has pros -
pectively no easy task this spring, as the
deep snows west of Montana commence to
melt and the many mountain streams be
gin to hurl their llood waters into the
bosom of the Pacific.
Death of John W. Ueckuey.
It was not until the return of the wife
of John W. Beckney this morning that his
friends here knew of his death, which took :
place on the 11th inst., near Hollidaysburg,
Pa. When he left here but a few weeks (
ago, it was with little hope that he would
ever return to Helena, and parting with 1
his younger brother he said he would never
see him again. His disease was dropsey,
which made rapid progress after he reached
his old home in Pennsylvania. He was 43
years old aud always an active business
man, and had the enterprise jof embarking
in many branches of trade, several of
which he carried on at the same time. Of
late years he had become owner of a large
farm in Meagher county, and within the
last year spent much of his time in its im
provement and in healthy exercise for the
benefit of his health. Although scarcely
arrived at the age of the prime of
life he had spent aliout 24 years
in the Rocky Mountains. He first came to
this country as a soldier with Captain John
Malian, and after his discharge from the
army decided to make the beautiful coun
try of the "Shining Mountains'' his home.
John was liberal to a fault, and ever was
the free dispenser of fav ors to many around
him who were true and fast friends. He
leaves a wife, but no children. He had
accumulated a handsome estate, estimated
at from thirty to forty thousand dollars.
In 1881 the Legislature of Montana
passed a joint House resolution (Laws ol
Montana, 1878-1881, page 127,12th ses
sion,) relating to a memorial stone for the
Washington monument, and left it in the
hands of a committee to carry out the pro
visions of the statute, but as yet nothing
has been reported to the Auditor in rela
tion to it. The Governor, learning that
such a law had been passed, has been in
correspondence with the parties who had
the matter in charge with a view to have
this block finished without any further de
lay, in order that Montana may be repre
sented and that it may reach Washington
in time to be placed in the monument
before its completion.
Miss Thurston, daughter of C. C. Thurs
ton, of this city, met with a serious acci
dent yesterday. In stepping out of a bug
gy her dress caught on the brake, causing
her to fall head first to the sidewalk, strik
her face and injuring it severely. The
young lady was assisted to the residence
of Judge Eddy, Clark avenue, near which
the accideÉt occurred.
CA PTC RED BY THE CHRONICLE.
, . ., . . .. I
county accepted as a guide to their action I
the nnininn fiimiehed hv Attnmev General '
me opinion iumisnea Dy Attorney oenerat
Johnston that the printing law remained 1
. . , . ,, . , . , , 1
in force, and at their late session awarded
.h. printing to th. Chronicle on the ground j
that its publisher had a contract with the
How an Attorney's Opinion Availed
in Outweighing the Decisions
of the Conrts.
In the face of the highest decisions to
the contrary, the commissioners of Gallatin
President of the Council and Speaker of j
the Houae ^ that the propoeit i on8 snb _ j
mitted by the Amnt Cbttncr aml LiTing _ j
ston Enterprise could not be entetained.
The Courier, commenting on the action of
the Board, covers the satieut points ot the I
case. It says :
"In most of the other counties of the
Territory the decision of Judge Wade has
been concurred in by the county commis
sioners, and the action of the commission
ers of Gallatin county at the December
session seemed to indicate t.ha; they had
arrived at the same conclusion. But the
absence of Mr. Monforton from the Board
at the recent meeting, on account of ill
ness, and the opinioo of Attorney General
Johnston on the subject, seems to have
changed the plans and purposes 1
. , _ , ... . j
9* the Board. resulting as Stated
Board. resulting as
* * * * * It is well known that the
printing law was originally drafted and
passed principally, if not wholly, in the in
terest of the Helena Independent. This was
about the only merit it ever possessed. It
was iu its inception distinctly a party
measure, and was wholly calculated to
serve the political purposes of the party so
^ ^ ^ a8Cendan<?y . The Cou
ier, it Ls true, has for several years had
the benefit of the county printing, under
the provisions of the law, but only because
there was no other paper of general circu
lation in the county. We never believed
either in the justice or validity of the law;
and when it was decided against by the
highest judicial authority in the Territory,
we had good reason to suppose that would
end it. It appears, however, that Attor
ney Johnson, of Helena, is the court in
this instance, and that Judge Wade may
as well take a back seat. It was quite nat
ural to infer that a single decision against
the validity of the law would furnish suffi
cient grouud upon which the boards of com
missioners in the various counties in the Ter
ritory could intelligently and safely act. By
! the decision referred to the entire subject
! was relegated to the county boards, where it
j in justice lielongs, and it is not very clear
! why the commissioners of Gallatin county
! did not take this view of the matter and
act accordingly, and especially in view ot
the fact that at the last term of court held
here, an opinion was rendered by the pre
siding judge, which should have set the
matter at rest, to the effect that legal
notices published in the Chronicle were
legal and valid, notwithstanding the fact
that the Courier, under the printing law,
held the contract for doing all the legal
and county printing of whatsoever nature.
Had there been a fall attendance at the
recent session of the county board, there is
little doubt but the decision arrived at
at the session previous would have been
adhered to, but Mr. Monforton having lieen
prevented from attendance on account ot
illness, it is probable the two members
w'ere honestly divided in opinion on the
matter, and as a basis of compromise
agreed to leave the question to the decision
of Attorney Johston instead of to the Dis
The Courier adds that "it is not im
probable under all the circumstances that
the entire proceedings will be reviewed in
the District Court in and for Gallatin
county, at which time the validity of the
law will be judicially passed upon, and
there can hardly be a question, in our
opinion, as to the result.''
Archy Saint Peter.
The second jury in the case of the Terri
tory against Archy Saint Peter for grand
larceny, after being out twenty-four hours,
came into court this afternoon unable to
agree, and upon the question by the judge
whether they wanted any further instruc
tions the foreman replied that it would be
useless to lie instructed any further as
they could not agree. The court then
ordered the discharge of the jury As two
juries have failed to find a verdict in this
difficult case another jury, it is thought,
will be demanded at once for another trial,
or a motion to dismiss the case.
The Republicans of the Territ .y are
now considering the question ot a Terri
torial convention to elect delegates to the
national convention. The choice ot the l
Republicans of Montana probably rests -in
three men, Arthur, Logan and Blaine, and ;
it is likely that whoever may go to Chi- j
cago will be instructed for one of the trio. '
It is hoped that capable and loyal citizens
will be selected to represent Montana in
the convention; men who have earned the
honor by reason of their fidelity to and
actual labor in behalf of the party ; men
who do not allow personal prejudice to in
terfere with their usefulness, and who are
ready at all times, on all occasions, and in
every campaign to work openly and
manfully for the party cause. The
Inter-Mountain has no special candidate to
suggest. There are capable and reliable
men wherever there are Republican voters.
Let two of them be selected, and whether
they come from Helena, Bozeman, Virginia
City or Batte, the result, as far as the re
publican party of the Territory is con
cerned, will be the same. No corpses
should be sent to Chicago. No men with
nothing to gratify except personal animos
ity should be sent. No men who cannot
show a clean and consistent political record
should be sent. The disturbers and mal
contents and kickers should be invited to
stay out of the canvass. Two (representa
tives should be chosen who will represent
the harmony, the good will and the broth
erhood of Montana republicans.
Helena, M. T., March 19th, 18S4.
FLOUR—Minnensota Patent Process $4.25;
Western do. 54; Montana choice do. 54; Mon
tana Family XXXX 93 35.
CORN MEAL—White, $4; Yellow, $3 50.
GROCERIES—Sugar granulated II cents; do.
A 10V& do. extra C 10; do yellow 9}4. Syrup—
5 gallon kegs, S3 75; 10 gallon,|7 80.—Coffee, Old
Government, Java best, 32cents ; Rio best 20;
Rio tireen 18. Tea—Japan, packed in the United
I States 40^t50; do. [tacked in Japan 65*1)75: Impe
I ,ial green 50o*si 00; Gunpowder 60 @tl oo.
' handle«.—Stearic acid (40 lb l*>x) Î7 00. Kerosene
_Kiaine*i oo per case; standard V, so. Tobacco—
1 p ' me çut 7iVn»so; Twist 60; Gold Block 60(<t75;
1 smoking, Durham, 50fd60; approved brands.50
<A 60 .
cents; MhIkkh grapes |*er keg 513 50; Oranges
per box $8; per dozen 75c.
CANNED FRUITS (per case) 85 75*n$6 SO
FRESH OYSTERS—Select 75 cents; New York
counts 6(5AC5 cents.
GRAIN—Wheat $1 2:5; Oats, sacked, 91 60; Bar
ley SI 50W1 75; Bran and ShortsSl 25.
BUTTER—Tub Elgin Creamery, 33m 35 ; pack
ed, 40(<£4.5; extra table 50 cents.
MONTANA CHEESE-18 cents.
EGGS—Packed, by Ihe case, tresh by express,
S12 50; fresh ranch, per dozen. 50 cents.
HAY—l/ooae. per ion, I13ta IS; baled, by car
load 81566IS; wheat hay 818; straw, bv the load,
MEATS—Beef lOcents; mutton, by the carcass.
12'(.cents; veal 15cents.
IÎOGS —10 cents; hams, sugar-cured, [email protected]
cents; bacon 14 cents; lard 14"(15 cents.
HARDWARE—Cut nails85; horse nails $6 25;
anvils 17 cents; coil chains 12(416 cents; Babbitt
metal 15( 450 cents; bar iron 5 cents; steel 2l)«ü23
cents; blasting powder (25 lb. keg) 84; fuse 810
LUMBER -Dimension and common tsaards
822 per M; sheeting 816; matched flooring ÇitV.n
48; shingles per M 84 50; laths 87.
POTATOES—81<i. 1 25.
FUEL—Coal 99 50 per ton; spruce and white
pine pe-r cord 86; yellow pine S6*t-7.
Where two prices are stated for the same arti
cle, the wholesale and retail market is repre
1 sented. The market is active and all kinds of
I supplice and country produce in steady demand.
Oats have gone up to $1 60 since the last quota
tion* and may g > higher as the season advances
for active operations out doors.
LIST OF LETTERS
i Remaining in the l'ost Office at Helena, Lewis
' and Clarke County, Montana Territory, on the
! 19th day of March, 1884. When called for
, please say ''advertised.
* Allison Sal 11 Mrs
Allen M H
! Anderson Chrtstian
I Asterdale Cristine Mis
j Bahreuburg Henry
Bast A S
Benjamin N C
Benoit Toussaint Mous I^noir .1
Blades Estella Imeson M A 5
j Brewster Albert C I,ee Hartley
j Brewster Charley IaivcII R T
I Brooks Angelo B Murphy Win J
i Brown Frankie Miss Murray J D
J Campl>ell R P2 Mulligan Mary Miss
j Christiansen MartiminoMaloney Mary E (' Miss
Jones Chas W
Johnson Belle Mrs
Kelly F M Mrs
Kelley Thomas K
Kreamer Geo S
Chase Jos T
Clark Geo 51
Cole J H
Cook Pierre Verry
Comaso Signor Al
Davenport E E
Davenport Elmer C
Me Willis Mr
Newton H B
Parke James M
Delongehamps Ilien-Peterson Arthur
[donne MonsRoheon George
F'hallen Chas Hon
Frize Nelie Miss
Frazer James W
Geospen Cnut Forsen
Gurley Bell Miss
Green Wilbur F
Green E V
Horton H S
Hyrup Jens Peter 2
Holland Frank E
Henneberry Jomes B
Hildebrand Maria Mrs
Russell A L
Sayles T II
Sennott Bridget Mrs
Spaulding W S 2
Smith Clark R
Stewart A T
Stephens W II
Ward D M
Weight William T
Weljert A M
Wilson Chas H
Wright A J
D. II. CUTHBERT, Postmaster, f
Tvr a n m T Tvn
VOSS—SCHNAUTZ.—At Helena, March 5th,
18sl. by the Rev. F. T. Webb, George Voss, Bn,,
to Miss Mary Sclinautz, of Germania, Pa. The
wedding took place at the residence of Mr.
George Voss, on the West Side, in the presence
of a few intimate friends and connections. The
Herald extends congratulations.
MULLANE—TALBOTT.—In Helena, at the
Cosmopolitan Hotel, March 15th, 1884, by Rev. J.
J. Garvin, Mr. John J. Mullane and Miss Grace
S. Talbott, l)oth of Marysville.
KINGRY—HARDWICK.—At the residence of
the groom's father* Ruby Valley. M. T„ Febru
ary 21st, 1884, by Rev. W. E. King, Mr. Felix H.
Kingry and Miss Laura Hardwick.
WARNER— HOSSFELD. —In Helena, at Ihe
International Hotel. March 13th, 1884. by Rev M.
J. Hall, Burton C. Warner and Anna Hossfeld,
lioth of Radersburg.
CURTIN.—In Helena, Eebruary 25th, 1881, to
the wife of Arthur P. Curtin, a daughter.
PRICE.—In Helena, March 13th, 1884, to the
wife of E. H. Price, a son.
MORRIS.—In Helena. March 14th, 18S4, to the
wife of Moses Morris, a daughter.
PRICE.—In Helena, March 13th. 1881, to the
wife of E. H. Price, a son.
BECKNEY.—At Cove Station, Pennsylvania,
on March 11, 1884. John W. Beckney, aged 48
HUFFER.—At New York York gulch, Meagher
county, Montâna, March 15, 1881, Joseph Huiler,
aged 42 years.'
TROWBRIDGE.—In Newark, N. J., March 1st,
1881, Hattie A., daughter of the late l.yrnan A.
and Adrianna B. Trowbridge, aged 22 years. 1
months and 10 days.
The deceased was a sister of Mr. Win. H.
Trowbridge of the Herald oflice.
EDWARDS.—In San Francisco, March 10th,
1884, Ellie, wife of W. H. Edwards, Principal of
Lincoln school, aged 21 years.
Deceased was the only daughter of A. J.
Arnold of Helena. _
In the Probate Court in and for the county of
Lewis and Clarke, Territory of Montana.
In the matter of the estate of (
Jacob Kenek, deceased. )
Christian Kenek, Administrator of the estate
of Jacob Kenek, deceased, having liled his peti
tion herein, duly verified, praying for an order
of sale of the interest of said deceased in the co
partnership property, both real and personal, of
the firm of Horsky Â Kenek, of which firm the
said deceased was a member, for the purposes
therein set forth. It is therefore ordered by the
said court that all persons interested in the
estate of said deceased, or in.said firm, appear be
fore the said Probate Court, on Monday, the 21st
day of April, 1884, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of
that day, at the court room of said court, on
Broadway, in the city of Helena, Montana, to
show cause why an order should not lie granted
to the said Administrator to sell the whole, or
so much of the said co-partnership property, at
public or at private sale, as shall he nee -usury
and that a copy of this order l>e published it least
four successive weeks in the weekly Herald,
a newspaper published in said city of Ile'ena.
F. P. STERLING, Probate Judge.
Dated March 19, 1884. meli20-.t
Durham is historic. It was neutral ground
during the arm istioe lietween Sherman and
Johnson. Soldiers of both armies filled
their pouches with the tobacco etoredthere,
and, after the surrender, inarched home,
ward. Soon orders came from East, West,
North and South, for " more of that elegant
tobacco." Then, ten men ran an unknown
factory. Now it employs 800 men, uses the
pink and pick of the Golden Belt, and tho
Durham Bull is the trade-mark of this, the
best totiaceo in the world. Blackwell's Bull
Durham Smoking Tobacco has the largest
sale of any sne king tobacco in the world.
Why ? Simply because it is the but. All
dealers hare it Trade-mark of the Bull.
If he'd gone for a pack
age of Blackwell's Bull
Durham Smoking To
bacco, as he was told, he
wouldn't have been
cornered by the bulL
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