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■Mi >MC 1 . Volume xviii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 29, 1884. No. 28 <fl,c itlccKly ifjcralil. R E. FISK D. W FISK. A. J. FISK, Publishers und Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year, (in advance). ............................... Î3 Hii Months, (In iwldance)............................... f * Three Months, un advance ......................... . \ When not paid for in advance the rate will !>e Four Dollars per Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: « Mty Subscribers,delivered by carrier, $1V) a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)..................812 00 si* Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 6 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 3 00 Ml communications should be addressed to FISK BKOH., Publishers, Helena, Montana. DOWN IN THE MEADOW. We strolled along the meadow one morning in summer. Ami gathered some blossoms that grew by the way. \ml heard in the lowlands the brown partridge drummer Heat up his brown soldiers to drill for the day. The robins were gay and the blackbirds were merry. Anti bluebirds were earoling softly yet clear; And far away up in the limbs of acherry. The sound of a mother-bird's talk we con! hear. The air was astir with a jubilant chorus. For all things seemed glad in that jubilant morn ; . There was sunshine behind us and sunshine be fore us, Vn -unsliine on wheat-fields und rank rows ot corn. Wc stopped by the stile where the fragrant sweet clover . , Held up to the morning its » lusters of red For the kiss of the sun, as a girl to her lover l.ifts up her pink check with her wishes un said. Wo -lood hand in hand and looked out on the nn*a»lows I lia! glisten»*»! afar m the glow of the morn. \nd noticed tin" shifting ami tremulous shadows The bright hrec/.es ma»le in the rows of the corn. "Hid yon hear what the wind said?" I asked of the maiden Who stood by my si»le with li»*r liaml in my own. She answered "Ah, no' for the breezes are laden With too many whispers to hear one alone." I heard love," I answered; they said, 'Seethose lovers, They walk through the meadow with hearts full of bliss: Their secret the wind nymph most »piickly <lis cov»*rs ; 'Tis told in a look, in a word, in a kiss.' she blushed, and I saw all the roses grow paler With envy and longing. She lift»"»l her eyes With a shy, feigned expression that could not avail her; I knew that she felt neither fear nor surprise. Then I kissed her, and lo ! all the winds fell to singing Some merry, glad song that was almost a psalm. And down deep in my heart was a melody ring ing, That chimed with all nature ir. infinite calm. i llE MOUNTAIN STREAM. A tiny, thread-like, feeble thing. With'« trembling, low, sweet rippling, As though half afraid its song to sing. I><><*s the brooklet seem ; lint rippling, rippling, rippling still, Steadily gurgling down the hill. It widens and widens along, until It becomes a stream. Hushing and gushing, it onward goes. Then on by the mountain's base it flows. And wider ami larger yet it grows As it winds along ; No longer impelled by its downward force, More plachi it seems in its silvery course, Till the infant rill at that mountain soum is a current strong. Now doth the sun on its wavelets play. Soin«" s«"cr«"t impulse doth it obey. As it <|iii«"tly murmurs along its ij ay To some distant end. "Is it," I ask, "the mysterious sea, 0 River' thou seekest so eagerly?" And a soft, low ripple rcpli»*«l to me : "'Yes, to that I tend. "There in its Itosom, vast ami lone, 1 shall learn those secrets now unknown, Shall blend my song with the deep, deep tone Of its mighty roar ; Shall watch the ships as with snowy sail They glid»", unheeding the roughest gale, And shall hear the voice of the mariner hail The longed-for shore. "My fomU'st wishes attained are then; To my mountain <"ra«lle shall I again Return some future day—and when '.' 1 hear you ask. Never, not e'en to that mountain's base Shall 1 my travels again retrace . Mine is ever a forward race, An earnest task." The wavelet ceased, and a whisper low, 1 lee per far than its ringing How, Said, "Dreaming heart,didst thou only know How like thy years The waters on which thy gaz«" doth stay. Hastening onward—away, away ; Time as tide knoweth no tlelav. As it ilisappears." ----------- ONE STEP MORE. Wlmt though lie fore me all is «lark. Too dark for me to see ? I ask for light for one step more— Tis quite enough for me. Each little, humble step I take. The gloom clears fr»>m the next ; So, though 'tis very «lark beyond, I never am perplexed. And if sometimes the mist hangs close, s<> close 1 fear to stray, Patient I wait a little while. And soon it clears away. I would not see my future path, For mere}" veils it so. My present steps might harder be, l>i»l I the future know. It may 1 h* that my path is rough, Stormy, and dark, and steep, And seeing this, my strength might fail. Through fear and terror deep. It may lie that it winds along A smooth and flowery way. And seeing this I might despise The journey of to-day. Perhaps my path is very short. My journey nearly done. And 1 might tremble at the thought Of ending it so soon. Or if I saw a weary length Of r«>ad that 1 must tread. Painting I'd think my feeble powers Would fail me ere the en«i. An«! so 1 «lo not wish to see My journey or its length— Assured that through my Father's love Each step will bring its strength. 1 bus step by step 1 onward go— Not looking far before. 1 rusting that I shall always have Sight for just one step more. ♦ - Death ot a Noted Horse. ^ ixt knxks. I ml.. May 21.—The famous old horse ridden by General Custer in his Indian campaigns, died here last night. It was the property of Dr. W. F. Carver, the marksman. POSTAL TELEGRAPH. Interesting Report from the Semite Committee on Postotiices. Washington, May 22.— The report of the Senate committee on postoflices anti post roads, on the subject ol postal tele graph, has been completed by Senator Hill. It gives a summary history ol the increase of the debt, rentals and capital stock of the Western Union and the value of its property leased and otherwise, and says the capital stock, $80,000,000, has arisen, nearly the whole of it, from stock dividends and from purchases made of lines of other com panies, which were paid for by issues of stock. It is evident, the report continues, that the prices which the Western Union paid in stock for competing lines were vast ly in excess of either the cost or earning capacity of the property aoijuired. It was claimed before the committee by the Presi dent of the Western Union that it had from time to time expended out of its current earnings considerable money on construc tion accounts, that is to say in addition to its lines and equipment over and above their rnaintainence. This may be true to some extent, but it cannot be true to the extent of justifying the enormous dividends which the company has made, nor was the appropriation of the current income to the construction account sufficient to prevent the payment of munificient cash dividends to share holders, who received in that way from '(»7 to '815 (With inclusive) $34,000,000 in addition to the stock dividends of $25, 807,190. As the prices paid by the Western Union in its own stock do not furnish even an approximate idea of the actual cost ol the lines which it has purchased fromotliêr companies, and as the representatives of the Western Union, who alone are in pos session of the information, have given no definite or detailed account of the amounts ot money it has itself expended in the con struction of lines, the committee have en deavored to ascertain what it would now cost to produce lines in every respect equal to those which the Western Union luusac quired in all ways. The committee believe it no large estimate to assume that the number of miles ot wire actually used iu aud necessary lor the business ot trans mitting telegrams is 350,000. The com mittee believe also that the average cost of wires, including poles, construction and instruments for telegraphing, would not exceed 870 per mile, which would make a total cost of 124,500,000. The exact excess of capitalization of the 5\ estera l niou beyond what it would now cost to repro duce similar lines cannot be determiued. That it is enormous is entirely plain and undisputed. Iu reference to the inquiry of whether this excess of capitalization, aris ing from stock dividends aud trom pur chases of other lines at inflated prices, paid in stock, has ojierated injuriously in the way of increasing the charges oi the Western Union for the transmission of tele grams, the committee deem it sufficient to say that their «wn conclusions correspond with the opinion of the country, that its effect in that direction cannot be a matter of doubt, and that it has been very great. The swollen capitalization of the Western Union has created at one and the same time a covert inducement, and in some senses the necessity for excessive charges for telegrams. So long as, and so far as the public has been made to believe the nomi nal capital was a real one, it has tended to cause an acquiescence in excessive charges, while the exposure of the actual nature of the nominal capital does not diminish the pressure of the motives which impel the managers of the company to keep up char ges which are essential to the maintainance of the present dividends upon an immense mass of its watered stock. For the purpose of relieving the country of the burden of ( barges for telegrams which are too high, of making these charges more equal as between different localities and differ classes of telegrams, and of guarding against mischief and the dangers of leaving the control of the telegraph business of the country in the hands of a private com pany, which enjoys a practical monopoly, the committee have reported the ac companying bill. The report says the constitutional right of the government to, establish a postal telegraph is undoubted and that there are obvious and sufficient answers to the ob jection that such a line will operate in juriously upon private telegraphs. The report asserts that the passage of the postal telegraph bill will reduce the aver age charge per telegram from 38 cents to 25 cents immediately and 20 cents iu five years and secure a uniformity of charges irrespective of the amount of business in the different places for telegram? to news papers and to commercial news associations, and continues as follows: Under the present telegraphic system the possibility of a species of censorship, which is one of the most dangeiO'JStocommerce,and the country arises in two distinct ways, each of which requires a separate consideration. The first is the power which telegraph com panies themselves have of manipulating news for sinister purposes, and the second is the same power possessed by the Associ ated Press and other similar associations not themselves owning telegraph lines, but making special contracts for the trans mission of telegrams over the lines owned and managed by others. It will appear that the power of the tele graph company in this respect will be en tirely taken away by the pending bill, and that the power of the Associated Press and similar associations will be greatly re duced for the purpose of reporting sales, giving fortunes to its managers and their friends. The Western Union did not have to send untrue market quotations. It has only to give the true quotations a single hour, or less than that, in advance to those whom it means to favor and the work is effectually accomplished. No such power should lie allowed to exist in this country, even if its abuse can be shown not to have occurred, or even if it is believed that there has been no abuse of it. Tie tempta tion to abuse is enormous, and will sooner or later prove irresistable. The bill will effectually take the power away from the Western Union or any other privat« com pany by lower rates which it secures to every bodv, and by thç still lower rates which it secures to commercial associa tions. Competition in furnishing commer cial and financial news to all points and places is not to be expected under this bill, but it will be sufficient if it insures, as it is sure to do, competition in tarnishing such news to the more important places, whereby the field for profitable tampering with public business will be so small that ; the temptation will no longer constitute a danger. The report has not yet been made the subject of formal vote, but it is given out for publication to-day as expressive of the views of a majority of the committee. Stock Definitions. [Wallstreet News.) What is a bull ? A bull is a person who talks much of the prosperity of the country, the vast earn ing capacities of the railroads, the big crops out West ; aud then eats a ten cent sand wich for dinner. What is a liear ? A bear is a person who talks much of the depressed condition, too many rail roads, and that everything must go to smash. In the evening he occupies a front seat in the crack theatre ot the town. What is a broker ? A broker is one who, in consideration of a certain commission, properly sees to it that you "go broke." What is a put ? A put is an instrument iu writing which secures to you the right of putting your money where you will never see it again. What is a call ? A call is an instrument of torture be nevolently issued by a capitalist. The profits you thought you would make generally begin after it has expired. Brok ers sometimes accept them as a margin. What is a margin ? A margin is a sum of money put up on your deal. It has a patent right for always growing smaller, and is related by mar riage to a stop-order. What is a stop-order ? A stop-order is an electric machine used in firing yon ont of the market. - ». ■» - ■ The Miseries of a Mean Man. Home times I wonder what a mean man thinks about when he goes to bed. When he turns out the light and lies down. When the darkness closes in about him and he is alone, aud compelled to be honest with himself. And not a bright thought, not a general impulse, not a manly act, not ar word of blessing, not a grateful look, comes to bless him again. Not a penny dropped into outstretched hand of poverty, nor the balm of a loving word dropped into an aching heart ; no sunbeam of encourage ment cast upon a struggling life ; the strong right hand of fellowship reached out to help some fallen man to his feet— when none of these things come to him as the "God bless you" of the departed day how he must hate himself and sleep on the other side of the bed. When the only victory he can think of is some mean vic tory, iu which he has wronged a neighbor. No wonder he always sneers when he tries to smile. How pure, fair and good all the rest of the world must look to him, and how cheerless aud dusty must his own path appear. Why. even one lone isolated act of meanness is enough to scatui cracker crumbs in the l»ed of the average man, and what must be the feelings of a man whose whose whole life is given up to mean acts? When there is so much suf fering and heartache and misery in the world anyhow, why do you add one pound ot wickedness or sadness to the general burden ? Don't be mean, my 1 oy. An Americian Story. Lord Coleridge is delighting his Eng- j lish friends with stories of his American t visit, and among them is this : He was [ at Mount Vernon with Mr. Evarts and | talking about Washington, said : "I have | heard that he was a very strong man ; physically, aud that, standing on the lawn here, he could throw a dollar right across the river on to the other bank." Mr. ! Evarts paused a moment to measure the 1 breadth of the river with his eye. It ! seemed rather a "tall bull" story, but it I was not for him to belittle the father of | his country in the eyes of a foreigner, j "Don't you believe it?" asked LordColer- ; idge. "Yes," Mr. Evarts replied, "I think it's very likely to be true. You know a | dollar would go farther in those days than it does now." It Reminded Him of His Mother's Cooking. [Philadelphia Call.] Mr. B.—These biscuits remind me ol my mother's. Mrs. B.—Well, I declare ! Have you gone crazy ? Mr. B.—Crazy, my dear? Of coarse not? Mrs. B.—Well, I never expected to hear you say that any of my cooking resembled your mother's. She was a wonderful cook, I have no doubt, lor you have said so a million times'. Mr. B.—Yes, she certainly was. In fact I there was only one dish that she ever failed j in. Mrs. B.—What was that ? Mr. B. — Biscuits. Chicago Liquor Licenses. Over 3,900 saloon licenses have been is sued thus far in Chicago under the Harper law. Of these 2,400 are $500 whisky li censes. It is expected that about 100 more licenses will be issued. Most of the whisky licenses have been taken out for four months. The receipts at the city treasury thus far from this source aggregate $494, 000. The total revenue for the year will be about $1,500,000, or more than twice what Controller Gurney estimated. About 600 saloons have been crashed out now un der the operation of the law, and as many more will go at the end of the first four months, it is expected. Singularities of the Face. George lioekwood,a New York photogra pher, says that he is convinced that in nineteen out of twenty cases the left side of the face gives the most characteristic likeness, while in the same degree the right side is most symmetrical. This is as new to the majority of people as is the fact that every one's nose turns either to the right or to the left side of the face. ^ Half the Sex Invalids. [Wendell Phillips] Our dainty notions have made woman such a hothouse plant that one-half the sex are invalids. Better that our women, like the German and Italian girls, should labor on the highway, and share in the toil of the harvest, than pine and sicken in the in-door and sedentary routine to which ! onr superstition condemns them. Bot I leave this sad topic for other hands. j t [ | | ; ! 1 ! I | j ; | I j TWO-LEGGED HOGS. The Sort of Show Pittsburgh Enjoys. [Pittsburgh Dispatch. | There was great sport at J. M. Gusky's on Market street, last evening. The enter tainment consisted of a pie-eating contest between thirty-three citizens, representing all colors and nationalities, as well as va rious degrees in the social scale. Each man entered under the firm belief that he could get outside of more pies than any other man in the country, and iu consequence it is presumed the thirty-three represented more appetite ana capacity than any simi lar number of men in Western Pennsyl vania. Long before the hour arrived for the contest to begin, Market street and 4th avenue were packed and jammed with a dense crowd of eager, shouting men, women and boys, making those thorough fares almost impassible The thirty-three occupied the large display windows front ing Market street, standing in rows along tallies provided for the occasion. Before each man was placed a stack containing twelve punpkin pies. Not third rate board ing house pies, but the good, old fashioned kind our grandmothers used to bake, when Hour was cheap and pumpkins as common as leaves in the forests. They weighed 14 and 2-5 ounces to the pie, and were about eight inches in diameter. A huge gong was sounded and the feast began. T. Ryan, of Washington city, a small, shabby looking man, with an ample mouth and a powerful appetite, was the first to tally, time, 36 seconds. His backer, who stood by, remarked : "He's h —1 on pie. but I'm a leetle skeered about his ; stickin' the thing out, lor we had biled beef and cabbage for supper." Aud the ! old man was correct, for Tom overshot | himself on the fourth pie and quit. Everything was wild confusion 1 'or the j next hour and a half. About tweuty minutes before the close of the allotted time, number one, a tall, thin man, wear ing a claw-hammer coat, stove-pipe hat I and stand-up collar, had devoured six pies j and bad a clean lead over thejjarty. He was a wild looking native aud would pass among theatre-goers as Sothern.s persona- j tion of the crushed tragedean. After tie- ! vouring six pies he remarked carelessly that "a man is a sucker to overload his stomach with pumpkin pie," whereupon he began to contemplate the struggles of his companion with apparent relish. His side partner was an aged colored man. The old man looked up and enquired if the tragedian was through. Getting an affirm ative answer, he smiled like a sunrise, aud said : "Look out fo' me, 'case I'sea cornin' now sho' nuff," and he kept his word. Chunk alter chunk followed each other to the old man's mouth aud disappeared until he had eaten live and one half. Then he raised his bead and winked at the trage dian. This settled it. The wink brought him. and for the next two or three minutes 1rs ««induct was shockingly similar to that oi a sea-sick passenger. The colored man caught up another fragment of pie, but, like Banquo's ghost, it would not go down. In the second window was a group con taining a colored man named C. Parsons and a haughty Caucasian bearing the sig nificant name of Benjamin Franklin Buz zard. Mr. Buzzard is a medium built man with chin whiskers and a mild cast of countenance. He didn't seem to lie in any thing of a hurry, but kept right on at the pies before him. The absence of teeth in Mr. Buzzard's jaws made his work a trifle deceptive, but he winked at his companion, the colored man. and allowed he'd "git thar." And he did, for long after the balance of the party had cjuit he was found at his post, and when the gong tapped the closing hour he had downed 64 pies and still looked hungry, while his companion quit with 6 } to his cred. Thus the winners of the three prizes of $25, $15 and $10 were B. F. Buzzard, C. Parsons and F. Welinott. Among the other heavy feeders were nos. 2, 51 , 18, 41 ; 17, 3. 1 » ; 18, 41 ; 20, 42; 23,4.}. ; Wendell Phillips and the Preacher. _ [Hartford Journal.] Several clergymen boarded a street car in Boston one day last week, and one of them hearing it intimated that Wendell Phillips was in the car, got up and asked the conductor to point him out. The con ductor did so. and the minister, going np to the orator, said : "You are Mr. Phillips, I am told." "Yes, sir." T should like to speak to you about something and I trust, sir, you will not be offended.'' "There is no fear of it," was the sturdy answer ; and then the minister began to ask Mr. Phillips earnestly why he persist ed in stirring up such an unfriendly agita tion in one part of the country about an evil that existed in another part." "Why," said the clergyman, "do you not go South and kick up this fuss, and leave the North in peace?" Mr. Phillips was not the least ruffied, and answered smilingly : "You, sir, I presume, are a minis+er of the gospel ?" "I am, sir," said the clergyman. "And yonr calling is to save souls from hell ?" "Exactly, sir." "Well, then, why don't you you go there ?" * The Comfort of Being a Boy. There is a comfort to be a boy iu the amount of work he can get rid of doing. It is something astonishing how slow he can go on an errand ; perhaps he couldn't ex plain to himself why, when he is sent to the neighlior's for yeast, he stops to stone frogs. He is not exactly cruel, but he wants to see if he can't hit em. It is a curious fact about boys, that two will lie a great deal slower about doing anything than one. Boys have a power of helping each other to do nothing. Bat say what you will about the general usefulness of boys, a fyrm without a boy would soon come to grief. He is always in demand In the first place he is to do all the errands —go to thé store, postoffice, and carry all sorts of messages. He would like to have as many legs as a wheel has spokes, and rotate in the same way. This he some times tries to do, and people who have seen him turning "cartwheels along the road have supposed he was amusing himself and hiding his time. He was only trying to invent a new mode of locomotion, so he could economize his legs, and do errands with greater dispatch. Leaptrog is one ol the methods of getting over the ground quickly. He has a natural genius of com bining pleasure with business. Just For Fnn. The first vehicle ever made—the whirli gig of time. The three jolly physicians whom every one should know—Dr. Diet, Dr. ljuiet, and Dr. Merryman. A member of a town council w as lament ing that public men are so much inferior now to what they were fifty or a hundred years ago. An enterprising reporter, describing a wreck at sea, wrote that no less than four teen of the unfortunate crew and passen gers bit the dust. Felix, a baltimore lioy, declares that the difference between a hill and a pill is very slight—one is hard to get up and the other is hard to get down. "The great men," he exclaimed, "are all dead. Washington is dead ; Jefferson is dead, and so are Jackson, and Clay, and Webster, all gone, aud—ahem ! I don't feel well myself." "Why, how wonderfully life-like !" said Mr. Pleasall, gently caressing a bumble-bee which rested among the artificial flowers and insects of his wife's new bonnet. "If it were on a garden llower I should hesi tate to declare that it was natur—G-r-e-a-t Ca'sar!" he suddenly shrieked, inserting his wounded finger iu his mouth aud dancing around like a dervish ; "why, the thing is alive!" William," said a carpenter to his appren tice, "as I will be absent to-day, I wish you would griud all (he tools." "Yes, sir." "Upon the return of the carpenter that night, he asked : "William , have you ground all the tools ?" "All exce pt the h and •saw,'' re plied the boy ; but I couldn't get all the g; qts out of that." Willing to show llie Hands. [San Francisco 1'ost. ] Entering an Austin watchmaker's estab lishment a country negro produced the hands of a clock and observe') to the aston ished watchmaker : "Boss, I want yer ter fix up «lese haus. Dey jess don't keep no kere't time for mo' dan six muts." "Vere has you got der glock ?" interro gated the German proprietor of the estab lishment. "Out at de house on Injun Creek." "Yen you brings him in ?" "Whaffor you want de clock ?" "I vants fix dat glock mit der hands." "Of course you fixes it wid yer hans. Who said you was gw inter lix it wid yer toes ?" "I must hab der glock.'' "Didn't I tole yer dar was miffin de mat ter wid de clock, 'cepen de hans. an' I have done lining 'em to yer. You jess want de clock so yer kin tinker wid it and charge me like de debble. Gib me back dent hans," and taking them away from the de signing German he went out to hunt up another establishment. Knew W hat He Wanted. [Stockton (Cal.) Mail.] A woman who reads the newspapers and wants to let a room during the State con vention in this city, auwered a vigorous ring of her door bell the other day. "I see you advertise rooms," said a smooth-voiced man on the steps with a light satchel. "Yes, sir. Where are you from, please ?" "Sacramento, madam." "Oh, it's a faro game you want to start in my room, is it ?" "No, madam." "Then you want to open a barber shop, eh ?" "Not exactly ; I merely—" "Oh, yes; 1 see. You are one of those hobbyists—lobbyists, I mean." "No, Madam ; I simply—" "Well, then I don't believe you're from .Sacramento ; if you are, you are an un accountable exception aud need to be watched mighty careful." A Live Fishing Hook. There are feeble little fishes that owe their success in life—for they are found in every sea—to the powerful alliances they form. Unable of themselves to swim either quickly or far, they get attached, by means of a dorsal fin which has modified into a sucker, to any swift-swimming crea ture, or even ship, that may come in their way. Thus relieved of the latigue of swimming and protected from their ene mies by the close proximity of the aVached host, they are free to devote their energies to the sole purpose of picking up such food as may come within their reach. Ac cording to Beneden, the fisherman of the Mozambique Channel utilize the Remora, as it is called, as a live fishing hook. Pass ing a ring to which a cord is attached through its tail, they send it in pursuit of any passing fish or turtle, and should it succeed in attaching itself by its sucker, few hooks are more secure. It was of this fish that the strange delusion formerly pre vailed that rt was able to arrest the pro gress of any vessel to which it got fixed. Another Mania. [Harper's Bazar.] The smelling-bottle craze has been a very fashionable one with young girls in Wash ington in the past few months. It is a costly fashion. One belle now has her second bot tle presented within three months, each of which cost $60. The first was crusheu :n der her carriage wheels in coming trom a party on«? night, and its gold top with her initials on it alone escaped destruction. Another young lady carries one at least a foot in length, and being of very thick cut-glass, it is particularly ponderous. A bottle of this kind, even of moderate size. costs $40.__ ___ The Fare is Too Expensive. Professor Young, of Princeton College, says: "Take a railroad from the earth to the son, with a train running forty miles an hour without stops, and it would take about 265 years and a little over to make the journey." He estimates the fare, at a cent a mile' to be 930,000. These figures kill the project. Railroad Building This Year. The Railroad Gazette of the 18th ult., re ports a total of 29 miles of new railroad constructed, making 466 miles reported to date for 1884. The total track reported laid to the corresponding date for the past three years is as followss: For 1883,911 miles ; 1882, 1,772 miles, and 1881, 819 miles. ; j 1 ; 1 • j ; ! 1 ! 1 ; j ! Methodist Episcopal Conference. Philadelphia, May 21.—In the after noon session of the Methodist Episcopal conference, the question of the future policy of the church toward the social prejudices in the South, which in some cases excludes colored people from church membership and school attendance with white people, was discussed. The sub committee presented two reports. The majority report declared that no person should be excluded from worship in any church nor from attendance upon any school on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The minority re port declared that color is no bar to any right or privilege of membership or office in any church, but recognized the pro priety of such administration ils will secure the largest concessions to personal ! preferences involving merely social re lations, and concluded therefore that there was no need for action upon this subject. ; After a long discussion the previous question was ordered aud the majority re port adopted. The conference elected to the African bishopric Wm. Taylor, of the Noutli lu diana conference, and Dr. B. F. Urary was elected editor of the California Christian Advocate. The conference then adjourned. Philadelphia, May 22.—At the Metho dist Episcopal Conference the ceremony of consecrating the Bishops-elect was proceed ed with. The new Bishops are : J. M. Walden, M/F. Mallalieu, C. H. Fowler, W. X. Ninde, and Wm. Taylor. Bishop Simp son presided, and was assisted by other bishops in performing the consecrating cer emonies. Baltimore, May 21.—In the Methodist Protestant convention the committee on revision reported against the proposition to expunge from the discipline all that re lated to infant baptism w hich makes its observance obligatory. The proposition to change was voted down, and infant bap tism remains in the discipline. The com mittee on credentials reported favorably on the certificates of Rev. J. N. Bartne and layman G. M. Smith (colored), of Georgia. Adjourned until to-morrow. Baltimore, May 23.—The Methodist Conference boundaries, as defined by the committees, Louisiana and Mississippi a Conference District, and Arkansas a Con ference District, were adopted. A discussion on the proposition to divide the Board of Missions so as to have two lioards, one for home and auothcr for foreign missions, occupied the remainder of the day. Iu the African M. E. General Conference the report recommending the Bishops to issue a proclamation declaring a union of the A. M. E. Church and the British M. E. Church of Canada and British provinces was adopted by 106 to 5. Bishop Payr.e entered a protest. The salaries of Bishops were fixed at $ 2,000 per annum and traveling expenses, and the salaries of the general officers at $1,350 each and traveling expenses. Worn [out Bishops are to receive $1,000 a year 'and Bishops widows $25 a mouth while she continues a widow. In the evening there was an educational meeting. Presbyterian General Assembly. SARATOGA. May 21.—In the Presbyterian General Assembly the 46th annual report of the Board of Publication was submitted. The total issues during the year were 1,789,500; aggregate publications, 15,195, 566; receipts, $308,393; expenditures, $287,216; balance in the treasury, $21,176. During the year the board called for $75, 000 1 'or the missionary fund for the ensuing year. Rev. Dr. Alexander submitted a re port of the Standing Committee on the Board of Publication. A minority report was also submitted. Pending discussion the Assembly adjourned until to-morrow. Saratoga, May 23.—In the Presby terian general assembly, the Rev. I)r. Jas. A. McGraw submitted a report from the sttnding committee on temperance. Reso lutions were adopted against intemperance and liquor traffic. They recommend that all synods and presbyteries appoint com mittees on temperance ; that the presby teries arrange for holding a temperance in stitute; that ministers be urged to preach on the subject of temperance ; that the laws for the suppression of traffic in liquor should be enforced ; that the assembly gratefully recognizes the power of the press, both religions and secular, iu mould ing public opinion and stimulating to right action on this subject, and recommends increased use of this ageucy. Baptist Missionary Anniversaries. Detroit, Mich.. May 21.—The. anniver saries of various missionary societies of the Baptist denomination began this afternoon in this city. The annual meeting of four of the societies whose' constituencies are largely in the Northern States, occur here this w'eek. The first society to hold its meeting was the American Baptist Publi cation Society, Edward Goodman, of Chi cago, President. The report of the Board showed that that the past year had lieen the most prosperous in the history of the society. Receipts from all sources have been $582,957.58, of which $131,881.94 was for the missionary department. This was an increase of over $60,000 ; 183 mission aries and secretaries have been employed, and 136,238 bibles and' testaments have lieen given away ; 597 new schools have been organized. Besides this the society has furnished publications of the denomin ation. In the afternoon session Rev. Mr. Carter created a sensation by saying the popular ity of the society could lie seen by the re mark of a certain .Sunday School teacher who informed her scholars that "the Amer ican Society was the author of the Book of Acts." __ Virginia Elections. Petersburg, Va., May 22.—The Re publican general ticket was elected. The Republicans carried every ward in the city except one. U. S. Senator Mahone was serenaded. Danville, Va., May 22—The election passed off without any disturbance. The Democratic,or white party, nominees, were elected. Capt. W. F. Graves beats J. H. Johnston, the present incumlient, for mayor by 402 votes. About 70 negroes voted the Democratic ticket, and about 100 did not vote at all. Governor Cameron came up this morning and remained till afternoon. He said pleasantly that he had received a carpet-bag fall of letters about sending troops, and had come to see for himselt. He was pleased with the quiet and order which prevailed. Mayor Johnston was hqpged in effigy. There was a torchlight procession to-night. Congressional Proceedings. Senate. Washington, May 21 .—Unanimous consent was obtained to put a number of bills for bridges upon their passage, and they passed, including one authorizing the Bellingham Kay Railway A Navigation Company to build bridges in Washington Territory. The Senate went into executive session, and soon after adjourned. House. The House resumed consideration of the Indiana contested election ease ol English vs. Reelle. Blackburn supported the claims of the contestée. After con siderable debate Peelle addressed the House in his own behalf, aud English's claims were advocated by Hurd, Springer, Henly and Converse (Ohio). Hart then offered as a substitute for the majority report a minority report con firming the right of Reelle to his seat. During the progress of the vote a great deal of interest was manifested. English sat at a desk iu the last row keeping tally, aud lookiug over his shoulder stood his father aud members watching each vote intently. At the conclusion, when it was evident that the resolution was agreed to. Springer, who had voted iu the negative, changed his vote to the affirmative for the purpose of moving a reconsideration. The vote was then announced—yeas, 121 : nays, 117. The following Democrats voted with the Republicans in the affirmative: Aiken. Beach, Boyle, Budd, Connolly, Dargau. Finlay, Greenleaf, Hardeman, Herbert, Hewitt, (Cala.), Hunt, Jones, (Wis.), Love, Mills, Morgan, Neece, Peel, (Ark.), Potter, Stevens, Sumner, (Cala.), Throckmorton, Tillman. Turner, (Ga.), Woodward. Worth ington. Yaple. Springer immediately moved a recon sideration and Hart moved to lay that motion on the table, pending which Con verse moved to adjourn. The motion was carried by 119 yeas to 118 nays amid ap plause on the Democratic side. Senate. Washington, May 22.— Morgan, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, sub mitted the proposed amendment to the consular diplomatic bill, appropriating $50,000 to enable the President to open commercial and diplomatic intercour.-e with the Congo country. A bill was introduced providing for the payment of female nurses for services dur ing the war. The Senate took up the bill to prohibit the mailing of newspapers and other pub lications containing lottery advertisements. Vest objected to its consideration, aud by a vote of 22 yeas to 29 nays the Senate de cided not to consider the bill and it goes to the foot of the calendar. Van Wyck submitted an amendment to be proposed at the proper time extending the provisions of the lottery bill so as to prohibit the mailing of new spapers or other publications containing advertisements or notices of sales of railroad, mining, or other stocks of corporations by margins or puts and calls or any agency thereof or any notice, report or statement of such sales. The Utah bill was laid aside, and the Senate resumed consideration of labor stat istics. YanWyck's proposed amendment was read, providing that the chief of the bureau shall be identified with the laboring classes, etc. Ingalls said that every fibre of his being was in sympathy with labor, but this was a lill which he could not support in its present shape. If. however, the bill was properiy amended, he would support it. Yan Wyck said that the communism of capital was more dangerous than the com munism oi'labor. Six railroad kings could sit iu a parlor in New York and regulate everything in this country. Sherman suggested the substitution of the word "department" for "bureau." Blair adopted the suggestion, and moved to make the title of the bill "A bill to es tablish a department oi'labor." House. Washington, May 22.—The bill amend ing Thurman's sinking fund ai t, the bill forfeiting the Oregon Central grant, the Congressional library bill and the eduea cational bill were then pressed upon the House lor consideration. The Oregon Cen tral measure proved a success.the consider ation of the sinking fund bill being voted down by 76 yeas to 130 nays, aud the other prepositions without division. Oates opposed the bill oq the ground that it proposed to forfeit a portion of the grant which had been earned by the road. George took the same view and Cobb made an argument iu support of the bill. Iu the course of his remarks he referred to a decision of the Supreme Court of Oregon in regard to the Oregon Central. George asserted that the Oregon Central to which that decision referred was not the Oregon Central to which the l '1 related, and intimated at the same time that Cobb was misleading the House. This aroused Cobb, and he declared that he had in his possession letters showing that George was the railroad's attorney. George entered a vigorous denial to this declaration and defied Cobb to produce the letter. Cobb said that when the gentleman ac cused him of an attempt to mislead the House he was mistaken in his man. George disclaimed any intention to 1 charge Cobb with intentionally misleading the House, but the fact remained that he was doing so. WASHINGTON, May 22—A decided sen sation was created in the House by the ac tion of Horr in rising to a question ol pri vilege and charging lion. Wm. H. English with violation of the privileges of an ex-member by lobbying iu the interest of his son as contestant in the English-Peelle election case. English was vigorously defended by Randall ami Cox, of New York, and no ac tion was taken, though a resolution will probably lie adopted to-day directing the Committee on Rules to inquire whether English has violated the privileges of the floor. As a result of the English- Reelle contest William English has been sworn in as a memlier of the Seventh Indiana District by a vote of 130 ayes to 125 nays. Horr promised, if the investigation was ordered, to prove a good deal more than he had stated. Burned to Death. Portsmouth, (J . May 22.— John Oche mau. wife and grown daughter were burned to death in their house last night. Oeheman lived on a farm four miles from the city.