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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 29, 1884, Image 4

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^c^pceklg^eraU.
FISK BROS. • - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, .....- Editor.
THURSDAY, MAY 29. 1884.
David Davis
with his baby.
plays "peek-a-boo
-
1 he Dakota newspaper» say that I>a
kota will raise about 4*», **60,000 bushels
of wheat this year,
last vear.
igainst 18,000,000
Tex cent and nickel -ubscriptions
from all parts of the country are increas
ing the Bartholdi pedestal fund about
$1,000 per week. _
( >r the delegates in the National
Republican Convention the Northern
<tat< s will have 502, the Southern States
:>oo, and the Territories and District of
lumbia 1 '
Frank Hurd is "laying for" the edu
cational bill, and when it reaches the
House proposes to slaughter it by ques
tioning the power of the Senate to origi
nate appropriation bills.
Minneapolis Tribune: The fellows
who abided Garfield in the the cam
paign of 1 'so are the same who are now
turning their batteries against Mr.
Blaine. These people seem bound to
make Mr. Blaine President.
It i- understood that Mr. Tilden's
bar !" ha> been slightly depleted of
late. In 1881 he bought 12,500 shares
)f Union Pacific which he could not
have purchased for less than 120, or
$l,5oo,*.*0o for the lot. It is said that he
recently unloaded this stock at 06, or
*>25,000 for the whole, entailing a clear
loss of $6 75,000. _
A lady at San Rafael, Col., has tamed
two wild humming birds. Plucking a
iuehsia, she attached it to the branch of
a tree over her head, and filled it with
sweetened water. The birds soon had
their slender bills thrust into the flower,
from which they took long draughts.
Every day afterward she filled a fresh
flower with honey. The birds soon be
came so impatient they would not wait ,
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until she went away, but fed while
was filling the flower.
die
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There is quite a breeze in the Demo
cratic camp of Louisiana over the elec- ;
tion of James B. Eustis to succeed B. F.
The gabble about Mr. Blaine's Con
gressional record in connection with rail
way legislation is of the same character
as that which preceded and followed the
nomination of Garfield. The libelous
nonsense reacted in favor of Garfield,
and if continued the same result will
come to Blaine. None but asses believe
that James A. Garfield was, or that
James G. Blaine is, pecuniarily corrupt,
and the noisy pretense to the contrary
hurt nobody but the pretenders.
Jonas as Senator. The latter takes his
defeat to heart, claims to have had a
majority of six pledged to vote for him
in the caucus, whereas by the secret
ballot Eustis had one majority. In one
respect, certainly, the country gains, for
the new Senator is a strong protection
i-t. He is also a man of education,
culture, wealth, eloquence and withal a
verv conservative gentleman.
The Japanese railroad companies
had a native representative, Kostsi i
Bakaki, in this country for eighteen
months past to learn the American sys
tem 'if railroad management. He took
the I'ennsylvarria Company for his prin
cipal text book, and has been an apt and
diligent student. Besides his personal
knowledge acquired by observation, he
carrie- home trunks full of books and
voluminous notes on the subject. We
may be sure that the Japanese railroads
will -how the good effects of this visit.
— 1 — j
New \ork Repub i- j
A Prominent
can, well known as an intimate friend
of the President, estimates that Arthur
will have 297 votes at Chicago, or 15
more than is generally claimed for him.
This estimate is based upon the calcula
tion that the Southern delegates, who
constitute the great part of the supposed
Arthur strength, will vote as solidly as
four years ago for Grant. It is further
calculated that the Edmunds and Logan
men will gravitate to Arthur and help
to his nomination.
\Ve have had a dry spring so far, but
in California and Texas they have had
and are still having excessive rains. If
we should have anything like such
heavy, unusual rains, what would be- !
come of the west side of Main street
through the center of our city, with all
the costly buildings and heavy stocks of
goods ? It wouldn't take a Noah's flood
to do the job, and those men who want
the city to pay them heavy damages for
the chance to ensure the rest of their
property against loss, would in the
event of such loss find little sympathy
and consolation.
With the close of the Chicago con
vention the functions of the present Re
publican National Committee cease and
a new committee will take its place,
compose! of one member from each of
the States and Territories and the Dis
trict of Columbia. These committeemen
arc named by the respective delegations,
whose powers extend beyond the con
vention and include the performance of
this duty. Under the Civil Service law
anv person holding a Federal office and !
serving on a political committee subjects j
... , . ., , .
himself to penalties prescribed in the
enactment. It is therefore inferred that
no Government, officer will be admitted
to membership on the new committee.
RAILROAD LEGISLATION DE
HANDED.
Already there is talk of adjournment
by Congress l»efore the fir>t attempt has
been made to pass any one of the numer
ous bills of forfeiture of lapsed land
grants. While opposed on every account
to some of the extreme measures pro
without a shadow of doubt that in many
cases absolute, complete and final for-
feiture should be voted, and in nearly
a [j cases some legislation is necessary,
Ju t what ] an( j s belong t0 the railroads
posed, as without law or justice, we are j
>hould be definitely determined, so that
the settlement of the country may not
be retarded and settlers -ubjected to de
moralizing doubts and costly mistakes.
Wherever a foothold exists to impose
terms upon the companies, it should be
The trouble is in the House.
lone in the way ol protecting the
settler who made his settlement
before survey, and some restriction as to
price ought to be placed upon all agri
cultural lands so that settlement and
cultivation may not be retarded. The
lands were given to aid in the building
of the roads, and not to be held for spec
ulation. Lands granted outright with
out any limitation and earned within the
time limited are not subject to any new
conditions, we admit. But those lands
earned subsequently to the term limited,
and those not yet earned, are subjects of
further legislation justly.
The experience of the past twenty
years shows that very many additional
I checks are needed to secure the intention
of the original grants from perversion
and to protect the people from extor
tionate imposition.
Universal public opinion demands
that something should be done without
delay. If Congressmen are made to un
! derstand that their future political
I careers are at an end if they do not do
something effectual to define and settle
these land grants, they will do it, but
j we fear not without such plain warning.
i It is very evident that some opiates have
been administered to cool such fervid
I zeal as was manifested in the earlier
! days of the session. The House need
j not shuffle off the responsibility on the
j corporate representatives in the Senate,
j We believe the Senate will do justice
! according to the merits of each case.
This is a very much more practical
subject than the tariff, to which so much
time has been given. In that case it
was certain the Senate would not pass
the Morrison bill. As to forfeiture there
ought not to be any doubt what any
Representative of the people in either
House ought to do.
If this subject was thoroughly venti
lated it would also appear that the
government assumed certain responsi
bilities about the survey of the lands
thus granted, which there is no more
attempt to comply with than in provid
ing schools for Indians according to
treatv These bills that were likely to
call tor a considerable increase of cer
tain appropriations ought to have been
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considered before tne appropriation bills
were passed, so that what was needed
might have been included.
So far this Congress has made as poor
a record as any in the history of the
country.
SOME GOOD HOOKS CHEAP.
One of the greatest triumphs of cheap
printing as done by John B. Aldgn, i>
his beautiful edition of . Rawlinson s
Seven Great Monarchies, in three vol
umes, in plain blue-black cloth, gilt top,
with hundreds of plates and finely-exe
cuted maps, in good-sized clear type, at
80 cents per volume, $2.46 for the set, or
with postage, $2.85. The same work, in
four volumes, in our city library, cost
$30, and if any good judge of books were
offered the choice between the two sets
at the same price, he would take the
Alden edition. The three volumes con
tain over 2,000 pages, over 700 il
lustrations, bourgeois type leaded, in
cluding all the notes and an improved
index. The work of publishing such
standard histories in such convenient
f orm aru } at SU ch c h e ap price is a public
benefaction that deserves recognition, tnd
ought to be rewarded with extensive
patronage.
The same publisher is issuing Guizot's
France in eight volumes, 500 pages
each, with 400 illustrations, at 75 cents
per volume or $6 per set. The only
American edition of this work hereto
fore, covering only five of the eight
volumes included in this reprint, has
been held at $33.
With international copyright laws
we could not have such cheap works.
Most of Alden's publications are of
course foreign works, but he has also
not a few of American authors, who pre
fer a wide circulation rather than heavy
royalty. _
After spending six months and ac
complishing very little, the House on
the 16th passed three general appropria
tion bills through the committee of the
whole. One of these was the consular
and diplomatic bill, for which the Sec
retary of State asked a more liberal ap
propriation, so that our consuls at for
eign ports might have the means to ac
quire more full and reliable reports
concerning trade and manufacture, com
merce and production. No attention
was paid to the solicitations and recom
medations of the Secretary, which com
mand the warm endorsement of every
liberal and sensible business man in the
country. There was surely no chance
in the world to charge anything politi
cal to the design of the administration
in this connection. Some of the mem
bers seem incapable of realizing that
any larger appropriation is needed to
day than in the times of Jefferson and
Jackson. The contemptible, picayuuish
policy that characterizes the majority on
^ m y attenj that
concern our commerce
would almost justify the belief that they
were in the pay of the British govern
ment.
GOVERNMENT AID TO ARTESIAN
WELLS.
Very recently the Senate showed some
diversity of opinion whether the appro
priation for sinking artesian wells upon
the great plains should be $15,000 or
$20,000. It was altogether insignificant
and immaterial. If it had been whether
j ^j ie arnoun t should have been $100,000
or $250,000 it would have at least shown
some decent appreciation of the import
ance of the subject. Either leave the
subject entirely to private enterprise or
let the Government spend enough in
various localities in the desert region to
thoroughly test the feasibility of getting
water from this source. Vast tracts of
its lands, now worthless and unsaleable,
would acquire value and be the sooner
settled and become productive, if it can
: be shown that water is accessible by
; artesian wells at reasonable outlay.
Thank heaven, the country will not wait
the slow pace of the Government in this
matter. The much abused railroad com
panies have done a thousand times more
than the Government already.
We are not sure that the Government
! can or should directly engage in boring
. wells, but we do believe that it should
j encourage the enterprise by at least
I donating a section of land to any indi
I viduai or company that would secure a
flowing well at a distance of ten miles
i from any stream of living water or any
spring or flowing well.
It may be objected that this would be
giving up this country to the rich stock
men or companies that alone would
have the capital to invest in such costly
experiments. In answer we would say
that the land is comparatively worthless
without water and altogether worthless
for a poor man to settle upon, for he
could not raise a crop of any kind, nor
keep enough stock on a quarter section
or even a section, dependent only on the
natural grass to justify him in spending i
his time, nor can any poor man sink an
artesian well with his own labor alone.
It requires expensive machinery, and the
chance of failure would be more than a
man of moderate means could afford to
risk. It must be done by the Govern
ment or wealthy companies, or not done
at all. It seems to us very clear
that it would be better for everybody
that the desert should be reclaimed and
occupied to its utmost capacity. The
poor men would take their land most
naturally along the water courses. Many
of small means might unite to bear the
cost of one experiment and divide the
benefits. A good part of Montana may
be reclaimed bv water ditches on a large
scale, but there are large tracts that no
water from such a source could cover
and the supply from thissource is gener
ally insufficient when most needed.
A thousand flowing wells scattered
over our most waterless districts would
enable them to be grazed to their utmost
capacity and add hundreds of thousands
of dollars to our permanent wealth.
There is no doubt also that the existence
of numbers of these wells would tend
to increase the natural rain lall. This
has been the effect in Southern Cali
fornia and in Northern Texas, and we
might look for the same results here.
In one way or another it is a matter
well worthy of the Government's patron
age. Its importance is not understood
even bv those most interested.
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THE WORLD'S INDt STRIAI
IlIIllTION.
:.\
The bill lias passed both Houses of
Congress and has received the Presi
dent's approval loaning $1,000,000 to
promote the World's Fair which is to be
held in New Orleans. With this loan
the success is doubly assured. It is be
lieved that the sale of privileges will
pay running expenses, and it is expect
ed that about $2,000,060 v\ ill be received
from entrance money during the six
months it will remain open, with an en
trance fee of fifty cents.
Mexico is making preparations for a
very large display, having taken 50,006
feet in the buildings and 200,WO feet of
garden space, with the expressed pur
pose of surprising the world.
But it is especially for the new South
that this exposition is intended to bring
forward to the world's notice its capaci
ties for production, its opportunities for
profitable investment, and above all its
eagerness to welcome capital and skilled
labor to help develop its ample re
sources.
The rates of fare already secured over
all the principal roads of the country,
one cent per mile, will certainly attract
a vast patronage from a people that de
lights in travel so much as ours.
The next winter is very likely to be a
grand excursion time all over the coun
try, and we venture to say there will be
more visitors to the halls of the Monte
zumas than was ever known before.
We hope certainly that Montana will
be represented by something more than
visitors.
A Northern Democratic paper sug
gests a serious difficulty in the way of
carrying out the program of the Watter
son Democrats. The purpose of the lat
ter is to read out of the party at the
Chicago Convention the Randall people
and others who failed to support the free
trade tariff measure of Mr. Morrison and
his free trade confreres in the House.
The difficulty suggested is that the fel
lows who threaten to read others out ef
the party do not know how to read.
Aurora (111.) Blade : God remove the
day when the advantages, comforts, and
things which makes America so dear to
the hearts of the people shall be taken
from them. No tariff' means low wages,
scant clothing, few comforts, poverty,
ignorance, aristocracy, a monarchy.
THE CHICAGO INDUSTRIAL CON.
VENTION.
While we do not agree with all the
resolutions of this convention, particu
larly in the matter of forming reciproci
ty treaties with countries on this conti
nent, we do not see how it could have
been an intelligent Industrial convention
without favoring a protective tariff. If
a certain section of the Democratic party
chooses to plant itself on a policy that
is hostile to our industrial interests it
must reconcile itself as best as it can to
the favor of the industrial classes.
It is a matter of business interest to
our American people, even more than
one of politics. Just in proportion as
our people become more generally and
highly intelligent, our politics will have
to accord more with our general inter
ests. The time has long gone by when
our nation will accept the inferior, de
pendent and less profitable position of
raising raw material for the continental
markets and buying from thence the
products of skilled labor. The more we
cultivate the products of skilled labor
and the more skill we educate into all
of our labor the better off we shall be.
By the rapid increase of wealth in this
country, which can find no other invest
ment, we should encourage manufactures
of every kind, especially those kinds
into which enters the most and highest
kinds of skill. The markets of this
country will soon be, in fact are, better
than we can get elsewhere. We have
more prosperous people in this country
than there are in all of Europe, and
these are the ones who buy the products
of skilled labor; those, too, are the ones
we should aim to supply.
Our general belief is in good, liberal,
but not high, protective tariff—a tariff
high enough to allow the establishment
of all kinds of manufacturing and the
payment of good wages for labor. The
natural competition of manufacturers as
increases and inventions help to
increase and improve the product and
diminish the cost will surely result in
giving us cheaper and better products of
every kind of skilled labor than we are
now getting. The chief reason, or at
least a sufficient reason, why we oppose
a high tariff is this: That our ultimate
aim should be to manufacture, not
merely for the home market, but for all
the markets of the world. Whatever
reduction is made in our revenue we de
sire to see come through reciprocity, ad
mitting free those raw products that will
not seriously compete with .uiy leading
industry in this country, securing in re
turn free admission, as far as possible,
for our manufactures.
'fhe very idea of regulating trade with
all countries by general law is unsound
and unnatural. We need a special com
mercial treaty with every separate coun
try on the earth, based on mutual in
terests.
In fostering manufactures we are fos
tering every interest of agriculture. We
are providing larger and better home
market*, and we are preventing the over
crowding and overdoing of agriculture
to its own ruin.
Those who favor free trade or a low
tariff only regard or pretend to regard
the interests of agriculture and com
merce. Protectionists, on the other
hand, believe that in fostering manufac
tures they foster agriculture even better |
than the free trader, while internal com
merce i> even better than external com- J
merce in safety and profit.
Without cultivating manufactures we j
cannot give profitable employment to |
our increasing capital and population. |
Free trade would be industrial suicide.
Charles Reade, wrote his own epi
taph . It is to be engraved upon a plain
stone, and reads as follows: "Here lie,
| by the side of his beloved friend, the
■ mortal remains of Charles Reade, drani
a tist, novelist and journalist. His last
, WO rds to mankind are on this stone. I
i hope for a resurrection, not from any
; power in nature, but from the will of
the Lord God Omnipotent, who made
nature and me. He can restore man
from the dust, which nature cannot.
And I hope for holiness and happiness
in a future life, not for anything I have
said or done in this body, but from the
merit* and mediations of Jesus Christ.
He has promised His mediation to all
who seek it, and He will not break His
word ; that intercession, once granted,
cannot be rejected ; for he is God, and
His merits are infinite ; a man's sins are
human and finite. 'Him that cometh to
Me I will in no wise cast out.' 'If any
man sin, we have an advocate with the
Father, Jesus Christ the righteous ; and
he is the propitiation for our sins.' "
Murat Halstead is one of the
typical independents. He was in 1876
one of the most bitter and persistent of
the assailants of Mr. Blaine. He writes
a letter now declaring his confidence in
that gentleman and his refusal to believe
the charges against him. Some of them
he knows to be false ; others he declares
that no facts can be found to justify,
although he has searched diligently for
the evidence. He accords to Mr. Blaine
the justice of this frank and manly state
ment. He is one of the many who feel
that great wrong has been done to one
of our foremost statesmen, and that the
country owes it to fair play to rebuke
the malicious and disgraceful warfare
which is waged upon him. Mr. Hal
stead is doing what reparation is in his
power. He shows in his attitude the
course which the body of independent
voters will take in case of the nomina
tion of Mr. Blaine at Chicago. He states
clearly the process by which the Ameri
can people have been led to trample
upon the charges which malice still con
tinues to parade.
RETALIATION.
France has raised the duty on cattle
and sheep, Germany still excludes our
pork, and we are told by those who have
good means to gain information that our
cattle are going to be excluded from
Great Britain. The result of all this
general exclusion of our meats from the
continental markets will necessarily be
to cheapen them at home and seriously
injure this very promising industry.
On the part of these continental coun
tries the pretence is that our meats are
diseased. We know, and those who
utter this slander know as well, that this
is a falsehood. It is a movement of the
wealthy stock-raisers of the continent to
monopolize their .home markets with
their inferior article, which has suffered
in the market by the side of our superior
article. The poor laborers of Europe
scarcely, if ever, taste meat, and the
ruling and richer class do not mean to
let them get a taste of it, knowing full
well the consequence would be that they
would not go without it. Under pre
tense that it is to protect the people from
disease they are to be deprived of the
greatest necessary and to them luxury
at the same time.
This is no cause of war with these
foreign countries, but we should be fools
I if we did not resent the libel on our
meats, the very best in the world. We
can retaliate, and shall be totally unfit
to manage our own affairs if we do not
do so. Instead of reducing our duties,
let us select the articles we now receive
from Europe and can best dispense with
and raise the duties, or at least give the
President power to do so, as long as the
restriction is continued.
There is one thing that European
nations cannot stop, and that is emi
gration. Our national growth is now
fully a million and a half yearly, and
about half this comes lrom Europe.
From this single source we derive enough
population to build up and settle one
new State every year.
Continental landlords are turning their
cultivated fields into pastures, and those
who cultivated them have to go into the
dark and overcrowded mines or factories
or seek a new home on a foreign shore.
These European exiles are worth all the
other imports that we receive from that
direction. If we succeed as we expect
in establishing reciprocity with South
and Central American States, those
countries bid fair to become as favorite
resorts for emigrants from the south of
Europe as our own country now is for
those from northern Europe.
The prospect is that European emi
gration will steadily increase, for as the
openings are less in the United States
they will multiply on the rest of this
continent.
As for this country our supply of pro
duction of the raw material, either for
consumption as food or'for manufacture,
will not increase in proportion to our
consumption. It is our true interest to
increase our manufactures and prepare
to be entirely independent of Europe.
Let us Help to build up the weaker sister
States on this continent and secure their
trade and patronage to our manufactures.
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With his brawny neck swept by hi>
silver beard open clear to his breast, says
the Philadelphia Timex , Walt Whitman
was sitting on the sunny side of one of
the Camden ferry-boats, taking his daily
one, two, or three trips across the river
before dinner. His blue-gray eyes looked
bright and cheery, and with a blue pen
cil lie was noting impressions in a little
pass-book he always carries. "Mr.
Whitman, what is the sublimest
poetry in existence?" "The Bible,
Shakespeare, and Homer. They
contain the most vital, living
est poetry we know." "And what ;
American poets will posterity rate the
highest?" "One star diff'ereth from an
other star in glory, but they are all stars,
nevertheless. Emerson, I suppose, takes
the highest place. In the judgment of
posterity Bryant, I think, will take the
second place. They both stand brighter
than they did. Ticknor and Bancroft !
in our literature will rank with them j
among the first. Of Longfellow, noble
as he is, I am not so sure."
Since Thessaly has been annexed to i
Greece a railroad has been constructed .
from Larissa to Volo, and the same was !
opened a few days ago with great re- j
joicing. The whole civilized world re
gards the rejuvination of Greece with
interest. When the final distribution is
made of the Dead Man's effects, our j
country ought to catch its voice long !
enough to speak a loud, plain word in
favor of the enlargement of Greece to
include all those portions of the main
land and islands that were once made
classic ground by the history and
achievements of this little people that
has made the whole world and all gener
ations its debtor for civilization, learn
ing, literature, philosophy and fine arts.
Ex-President Hayes is said to have
a more elaborate set of scrap-books,
classified and indexed, than any other
public man in the country. He began
the collection of scraps when he was a
young lawyer in Cincinnati. When he
was President he kept one of his clerks
constantly busy cutting and pasting slips
from the newspapers.
The Irish Democrats in the House
voted against Morrison's free trade bill,
and the Irish voters of the United States
will array themselves against the Demo
cratic party when they fully realize that
it is the party of free trade.
Ferdinand Ward, jr.. member of
the suspended firm of Grant & Ward, is
32 years of age, and a son of the Rev.
F. De W. Ward, of Geneseo, New York.
SPEAKER CARLISLE'S LETTER.
The utterances of such a prominent
Democrat as Speaker Carlisle are de
serving of some attention, as holding
the highest official position of any.Dem
ocrat in the country and the choice ot
his State for the Presidency. In his |
letter to the Democratic meeting in
Tammany Hall last evening he devotes
himself to revenue questions altogether.
W hether he so intended it or not, some
ol his statements are so misleading that
on their face they deserve to rank-as
falsehoods. He says that "since the
war more than four-fifths of the internal
revenue taxes have been abolished, while
the the tariff' remains substantially the
same." Referring to the tables that
show how much national revenue has
been collected from every source since
the establishment of the government, we !
find that for the year 18*54, when the
war closed, there was received from in
ternal revenue taxes $109,741,134.10,
while for 1883 from the same source
there was received $144,7i0,368.98. This
does not look very much like a reduc
tion of four-fifths.
The receipts from internal revenue tax
did not reach their maximum till 186*5,
when the amount was a little over three
hundred millions, not much more than
twice as great as last year.
The only foundation for Carlisle's j
statement exists in the fact that the
items from which that tax was derived
have been reduced from several to very
few, but the items struck off' yielded lit
tle revenue, and those retained yielded
much the greater share.
Now, if we turn to the amount of im- I
ports for 1883 we shall ascertain the total
amount to be $723,180,914, of which not
quite one-third, or to be precise, $207,
504,716 was admitted duty free.
This free list is almost entirely the J
creation of times since the war, and in- j
eludes such articles of general use as
tea, coffee, books, drugs and medicines,
household goods and personal effects of j
immigrants, seeds, eggs, fish, and a long
list of le.>s important things, from which
our readers can judge as well even as
Speaker Carlisle, whether or no, duties
are laid on the most common necessaries
of life, while the luxuries are untaxed.
Among the articles taxed for internal
revenue, only liquors and tobacco are
taxed. Are these necessaries or luxu- !
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ries?
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Now of imported articles wehave given
some that pay no tax, and we will add a
few that pay the heaviest duty. Fancy
articles 56 per cent, silk and all manu- j
factures of silk 60 per cent. Spirits and
wines $2 .per gallon.
Very near one-fourth of the amgunt
j derived from duties comes from sugar
and molasses. On sugar it is only 2 cts.
. per pound and on the large share im- j
! ported lrom the Sandwich Islands there ;
i is no duty. So, under our new treaty :
with Mexico we may expect our sugars
will, year by year, come to us cheaper.
It we should cut off all the duty on
sugar it would go to the pockets of
Spaniards, just as the duty we removed
from coffee went to the benefit of Brazil.
Even free trade England maintains a
duty on both tea and coffee. The prin
cipal thing that so-called free trade at
tempted to achieve in Great Britain was
the removal of duties from provisions, !
and of this matter the people of this
country have nothing to complain.
It is not true in any sense, way or
form that necessaries are taxed higher
than luxuries, as Carlisle asserts.
George Washington Childs has
thirteen clocks in his private office,
some valuable on historic grounds, some
on account of the workmanship, and ;
others because of the material of which
they are made. One made of lapis j
lazuli is worth its worth in gold. In
his three residences and his office there ,
are fifty clocks worth $30,000.
Mr. Brookwalter, the Ohio Demo- !
crat who has a barrel ready to open ii' he !
can get the nomination for President, j
owns 40,000 acres of land in Nevada, ;
where herds of sheep are reared and '
kept. The Ohio platform does not affect j
Nevada.
A Cattle Stampede and How It Was
Stopped.
A tourist recently traveling in Montana
tells an Eastern paper the slickest thing he
saw in the Territory was a cowboy stop
ping a cattle stampede.
"A herd of about six or eight hundred
had got frightened at something and broke
away pell mell, with their tails in the air
and the bulls at the head of the procession.
But Mr. Cowboy didn't get excited at all
when saw the herd was going straight for
a high bluff, where they would certainly
tumble down into the canon and be killed.
You know that when a herd like that gets
to going they can't stop, no matter whether
they rush to death or not. Those in th ^
rear crowd those ahead, and away they go.
I wouldn't have given a dollar a head for
that herd, but the cowboy spurred up his
mustang, made a little detour, came in
right in front of the herd, cat across their
path at the right angle and then galloped
leisurely on to the edge of that buff', halted
and looked around at that wild mass of
beef coming right toward him. He was as
cool as a cucumber, though I expected to
see him killed and was so excited I could
not speak. Well, sir, when the leaders had
got within about a quarter of a mile of
him I saw them try to slack up, though
they could not do it very quick. But the
whole herd seemed to want to stop, and
when the cows and steers in the rear got
about where the cowboy had cut across
their path I was surprised to see them stop
and commence to nibble at the grass. Then I
the whole herd stopped, wheeled, straggled i
back and went to fighting for a chance to
eat where the rearguard was. You see,
that cowboy had opened a bag of salt he i
had brought out from the ranch to give the j
cattle, galloped across the herd's course !
and emptied the bag. Every critter sniffed
that line of salt, and of course that broke !
up the stampede. But I tell you it was a
queer sight to see that cuss out there on
the edge of that bluff quietly rolliug a
cigarette, when it seemed as if he'd 0 be
lyifig under 260 tous of beef in about a
minute and a half."
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THE COMING CONVENTION.
Political Lights in the City—Where the
Different Delegations will be Quar
tered—Booms of the National
Committee—Opposed to Com
binations with President
Arthur—The Inde
pendent Factor.
[spec ial to the herald.]
Chicago, May 24. —The near approach
of the National Republican convention is
bringing hither some of the delegates, and
especially the henchmen and workers for
the prominent candidates aud dark horses.
Universal activity is seen in political cir
cles, aud mysterious conferences are held
almost daily with the ultimate object of
strengthening the lines of favorites and
to discuss the chances of favorable coali
tions and combinations of factions con
trolling more or less strength. The end of
next week will witness the arrival of prob
ably two hundred delegates and the num
ber of outsiders, politicians with influence,
who will assemble by that time will far
exceed those figures. Although the lead
ing hotels are said to have aliout all their
rooms engaged, still the great throng can
be housed without much difficulty. By
judicious crowding, rendered uecessary by
the situation, the capacity of the hotels of
the city will not fall far short of thirteen
thousand people, and outside accommoda
tions can readily be bad for several times
that number at lodgiug places, boarding
houses, etc.
Quarters have been secured at the Sher
man house for the delegations from Ala
bama, Arkansas, Iowa, South Carolina and
Tennessee : at the Palmer for the delega
tions from Florida. Kansas, California,
Georgia, Maryland, Kentucky, Mississippi,
Missouri. Nebraska, Rhode Island, Texas,
Vermont, Virginia and Wyoming ; at the
Grand Pacific for the delegates from Colo
rado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Louisi
ana, New York, Minnesota, New Hamp
shire, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsyl
vania, Wisconsin and the District of
Columbia : the delegates from Delaware.
Massachusetts, Montana, and portions of
Maine and New York will be quartered at
the Lelaud ; the Tremont will care
for the delegates from Michigan,
and the West Virginia delegates will go to
the Crawford House. There are several
other good hotels quite near to the conven
tion hall which will have accommodations
for two hundred or more guests each, and
strangers visiting Chicago during conven
tion week need have no fear of suffering
inconvenience on account of the crow d.
The convention chamber is about ready
for occupancy and is not only more com
plete in all its appointments, hut is decid
edly more attractive and cheery in every
way than the chamber of four years ago.
The delegates will be well pleased with it,
as the meml/ers of the National Committee
already are. The tickets of admission,
numbering 9,451, have been neatly engravtd
on steel by the Western Bank Note and
Engraving Co,, and will be ready for distri
bution on the day before the convention.
Each delegate will have six tickets for dis
tribution, while 686 will go to the press
and the balance to the alter
nates, members of the committees,
invited guests, subscribers to the fund
and oth< rs. The tickets for the press,
which includes the daily papers and press
associations, will be given out by Mr. New
himself, while the other tickets will l»e
apportioned to the chairman of the various
committees. The requisite amount of
money for the eniiie expenses of the con
vention have been raised by subscription
aud everything is in a forward state of
completeness. The headquarters of the
National Republican Committee will be
located at 127 Dearborn street until a day
or two before the convention. The mem
bers of the \arious local committees confer
there daily and the rooms are considered the
general Republican headquarters for the
time being.
It is now generally considered by these
who are on the inside that Senator Logan
has abandoned all hope of a presidential
nomination and is arranging his plans to
direct his strength where it will do the
most good. Not only he but all other can
didates are strongly opposed to any com
bination with Arthur. This may not be
the personal feeling of the leaders,
but it is decidedly the expression of
the followers and working politicians. A
large majority of the most influential ad
herents of the anti-Arthur candidates look
upon a change in the administration as the
first consideration. This, of course, is not
in a spirit of disloyalty, but in the way of
friendly rivalry within the ranks of the
party. Therefore the Arthur people are
not expected to cut much of a figure in
any coalition, as all the trades are being
made with the present administration left
out.
There is one point, however which
assumes grave importance at tbe forth
coming convention, made possible in part
Ly the new system of district representa
tion, and that is the large number of dele
gates who are known to hold not only de
cidedly independent views in reference to
the eligibility of the various Presidential
candidates, but who are largely untram
meled by instructions. This independent
vote in the convention will number not
less than 226, and is likely to be swayed
by the enthusiasm of the moment.
earlie.
A new stock company was organized at
Fort Shaw last week, with a capital ol
$80,000, to be known as the Fort Sha'V
Cattle Company. The stockholders are
Lieut. F. B. Jones and Capt. Snyder, ot the
U. S. army, George Heldt, John Shepherd,
Dr. J. B. Newman and Lake l lui, the
cattle firms of Snyder & Jones and Heldt
& Co. being merged into the new company
Lake Ulm is superintendent ot the ne"
company, and he is a thorough cattle m-» 1
This company control all that excellent
range bounded on the north by the > suU
river, on the south by tbe Missouri, and ' lU
the west and northwest by the D* aI,,orn '
The company purchased Win.
herd, numbering al>out 1,26*» head

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