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TWO HORSE THIEVES LESS IN MEAGHER COINTY. Commendable Manner m Which Cow Hoys do their b ork. Ed. Owen* and Si. Nickeoon no i Longer Hanker Alter Horse i le* h. T.a viva, M. T. June 20, 1884. To the Editor of the Herald: For the past two months a well organ ized band of horse thieves hate been run ning ofl' horses from the ranchmen on the Musselshell river in this vicinity. ^ Last Friday night two members ot this^ band, Ed. Owens and Si. Nickerson, stole from the Kenton & Killings Stage Company, from Rocky Springs station, fourteen miles north of this place, eight stage horses. Their trail was discovered on Saturday morning. John Davis, the superintendent, and two other men started in pursuit, reaching the Klack ranch, seventy miles down the river, on Sunday morning, where they halted to get something to eat and rest their horses. Shortly after arriving at this place the stolen horses were discovered a short distance away coming towards the ranch, driven by two men, who soon came up, and the following is sulwtantially the story told by them regarding the recovery ot the horses and the killing ol Owens and Nickerson : About fifteen cow boys, while riding the range, thirty miles down the Mussel shell river from the Black ranch, and sev eral miles north of the river, discovered two men driving a small hand of horses. The thieves, on becoming aware that they were observed by the cow boys, evidently thinking they were in pursuit, quickly dismounted and commenced changing their saddles and other equipment to fresh horses. This act caused the cow boys to suspect that they were horse thieves, and they immediately gave chase. Overhaul ing them a scrimmage ensued, in which Owens was wounded in the arm. The cow hoys being at a disadvantage, having only revolvers while the enemy had good rides, retreated to camp, where they found turns, and six of the party again started for the thieves, determined to take them in. One mile from where the first encounter took place they again overhauled the llee ing thieves. The particulars of the killing we have been unable to learn, hut the boys re turned with the eight stage horses and the two horses rode by the thieves ; also their gnus and revolvers—in fact, their lull ac coutrements. They will not say that they killed their men, but there is no doubt ot the fact. They do say, however, that Owens and Nickerson will steal no more horses. This will, it is hoped, break up the baud and rid the Musselshell ol what has been for the past two months a terror to everybody that owned a horse. As a rule they stole from the poorer class, w ho were unable or unprepared to follow them. Superintendent Davis returned yesterday with his horses. N. C. SMITH. All Wool." Clips Not Dawsou county has secured over two thirds of the entire Block shipments into Montana this spriug. This county has the advantage of being new, and its vast graz ing territory is as yet comparatively un occupied. The territory lying between the Yellow stone, Missouri and Musselshell rivers lie- j mg a triaugle and liounded on the three sides by these rivers, which form natural barriers against stock straying to an un limited extent, and in which over two hundred thousand bufialo have grazed, makes the finest round-np in known stock countries There is scarcely auy possibil ity of this vast range being crowded for the next twenty years. Montana Stock and Mining Journal : A pleasant sight from the car window, as the train on the Northern Pacific winds its way along the Yellowstone, is a line flock ot sheep numbering about 9,000 scattered over a vast grazing plain near Greycliff. And, again, what will onr eastern readers think of stock raisiug in Montana when we state that from the car countless herds of cattlt can be seen at every turn, and droves of horses, numbering hundreds, grazing on "a thousand hills." Billings Herald : The cattle buyers of Eastern Washington Territory are paying $12 for calves, $18 for yearlings. $25 for two-year-olds, and $40 for cows. Billings Herald : A Montana stockman just returned from Iowa says that the State is full of Montana stockmen, who are buying everything from a calf to an old cow to ship West this coming summer. Drovers Journal : The old practice of washing sheep before shearing has talleu into disuse among the most progressive farmere. It does not pay. Aside from the colds, rheumatism and other inconveniences incurred by men and auimals, the wool is not increased in market vaine enough to justify the time and lal«»r exja nded. It the fleeces are tilled with hurra aud rub bish, the washing they get on the sheep's back will not help them any. Better keep the sheep reasonably clean, and let the manufacturers do the washing. The Livingston Enterprise says : We are pleased to learn that the Board of 1 rade at its meetiug last evening took formal noti-e of the county license system and showed a very favorable disposition to work for the repeal of the obnoxious law, i whiclt imposes these restrictions upon the trade of Montana. This license law is nn worthy of the progressive West. It is a relic of tho moss-back era, when every new comer in the Territory was viewed with suspicion, and brauded with a name meant to convey a reproachful inference of in equality. In a private communication from an old subscriber to the H EU A LI) at Big Horn City. Wyoming Territory, mention is made that E. H. Becker, formerly editor of the Miles City Press, will soon publish a paper at Big Horn City, the first number to ap pear about- August 1st. All success to the enterprise and to the enterprising journal ist who is so capable of editing a paper anywhere. ( CHILI. accounts this little South American Republic is a subject of inter- : With an area no larger than Da- j ulation not much greater j est. kota and a pop than that of New York city, with a debt j of **>0,000,000 and a credit so low that | her 5 per cent, bonds were only worth j <>4 cents on the dollar, she undertook a j war with Peru and Bolivia, countries ( covering an area of eight times as great as her own, and apparently more defensi- : ble in every respect, and completely j subdued all organized opposition and j regular government. It may be said j that Chili owes all her success to British ! iron clads, but Peru had the same oppor tunity and larger resources to have met | this conflict, and though beaten on the j sea, and her ports occupied, it would | have seemed as if Peru ought still to : have been able to have maintained her- j self on land. We sometimes have an idea that South Americans can't tight | any more than the Chinese, but during i this war between Chili and Peru there was desperate lighting, and the Chilian aggressors proved themselves as superier on land as water. The whole war was for the possession of a strip of coast about 400 miles long and from 50 to 80 miles wide, the most desolate to look upon of anything in the world, for it is one of the few regions of the world where rain never falls. This dis trict apparently so worthless is so exceed ing rich in nitrates and iodine that a very moderate estimate of the portion taken from Peru places its value at $000,000,000. In 1882 the export of saltpeter from this district had an estimated value of $30, 000,000. It was a prize worth fighting fos and Chili came out of the war one of the richest countries in the world. Her bonds in the London markets have gone up from 64 to 95 cents. But the situation is not altogether serene and satisfactory to Chili, to say nothing about that of Peru and Bolivia. Chili knows that she must be ready to defend by force what she has won by force and there are interested parties be sides Peru and Bolivia. Peru owed a debt of $160,000,000 at the beginning of this war to continental creditors who held a lien for security on these nitrate beds. These creditors have been inquir ing with a very natural concern who is avs she going to pay these bonds. Peru can't pay them for the very good reason ' that she has nothing to pav with, and Chili says that they are not for her to pay; that the fortunes of war released all claims on the property. But this does not end the matter or satisly the creditors. They appeal to the British and French governments tor assistance, and however insolent aud overbearing the Chilians may carry themselves to wards their prostrate foes, they are com pelled to be very polite and respectful to the inquiries of Gladstone and Ferry. If Chili had been in Africa or Asia, there is no doubt that she would have beeu compelled to recognize the claims of British and French creditors before this time. But for the United States aud our Monroe doctrine, Chili knows very well that she could not hold her prize with out assuming responsibility to the con tinental creditors. If is the case with almost all of the South American States, that they owe very heavy debts to British creditors for moneys borrowed at ruinous rates of in terest to build railroads. There is cause for British interference in all of the South and Central American States as well as Mexico. If we expect to main tain the Monroe doctrine, we must be nutting ourselves in readiness to assert in arms our determined purpose that no foreign nation shall gain further foot hold on this continent. Nor will it be necessary that we should uphold the South American States in evading or escaping the payment of their debts. American capitalists will buy up the foreign bonds and wiil aid these States to recover their credit by a de velopment of their resources under stable governments, aided by foreign immigra tion. It is easy to see that it will not be many years before the superfluous capi tal and energy of the United States will be enlisted largely in the development of the South American States. South America is a richer country than Europe, and we could in a few years, with a concentration of our re sources and euergies, under a proper policy, develope a marvellous commerce therewith. By the dispatches from Madrid it would seem as if Spain had no purpose and very little desire to improve the condi- ; tion of things in Cuba. It would have been contrary to the whole current of Spanish history to have attempted or promised anything sensibleor humane. It is none the less true that Spanish domin ion in Cuba is approaching its end. It might be delayed by a more liberal pol- ; icy, but there is only one possible end to | the policy last proclaimed in the Span- J ish Cortes. The desperation of the Cu bans may bring an end to Spanish mis j ru i e an y fl a y. j _______ - — The Inlcr-Ocean contains a long inter view with Congressman Finerty, ot Chicago, aud editor of the Citizen. Though he does not say that he will support Blaine and Logan, he says those who are opposing Blaine for his expected vigorous foreign policy, are doing him more service than injury. Mr. Finerty very sagaciously observed that the Re publican ticket was particularly strong Low that cl«» of people ia thi. cotta try, both native and foreign-born, who are possessed of the idea that we are just as good as any other nation upon which the sun shines. LOGAN'S SPEECHES. During his visit in Maine and on the occasion ot his return to \\ ashington, Gen. Logan has been placed in positions j where it was appropriate tor him to > speak, and on every occasion he has im proved the opportunity to the best ad vantage and in the best of taste. In fact j these little speeches contain the whole j gist of the campaign. They strike the j key note of what promises to be the grandest political campaign that this J country has ever seen. It is not to be a j campaign of mere hurrah, of noise and j show. It is going to be more than ever . before a contest to develop an internal and external policy for the American continent. Less than ever before is this opening contest to concern itself with past records. The main issues that came in and with the war are settled beyond recall or danger of disturbance. Already the South has entered upon an era of industrial development that bids fair in a short time to make that entire section more rich and prosperous than she could ever have been if slavery had not been dis turbed. The social questions that are left over cannot be settled in a hurry. This must be the slow growth of time acting in conjunction with the public schools, the churches and the newspaper on the ambition, energy and enterprise of individuals of both races. So with our material development, a crisis has come. We have been putting money into the construction of rail roads till we have pushed the facilities for transportation beyond any legitimate demand, and the country has got to grow up to their proper support. We can produce more raw material than we can consume, manufacture or find market for, at home or abroad. Everything seems to indicate the fullness of time having been reached when we should cultivate external com merce as the necessary supplement to our magnificent system of railroads touching the sea coast at every point. We are not departing from the lessons of Washington's farewell address, or formulating any new policy. The policy that we need to vitalize and realize has existed in germ in the so-called Monroe doctrine for more than a half century. It calls upon us to build a navy in the assured confidence that we shall in that way soon have a commerce, the richest and most extensive in the world. We seek only what we are justly entitled to, not by a policy of aggression, but one of peace and commerce. In all of the speeches of Logan thus far the attention of his hearers has been directed to some of these great princi pies of internal and external policy, that should show the people that our leaders at least perceive the true meaning of this year's contest. It is not the little insigniticaut question that the pitiable independents seem to suppose, aud before next November comes around they will despise themselves even worse than any one else will despise them. MAINE LIQUOR LAW AND THE PRESIDENCY. The Democratic campaigners having charged Blaine with the authorship of the Maine liquor law, which was passed befor he got to the Pine Tree State, the Chicago Tribune publishes the follow ing: To the Editor of the Tribune : Chicago, June 18.— One of the chief promoters of the Maine liquor law, passed in 1851, was Prof. Swallow, now in Col umbia, Boone county, Mo. The professor is a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat, has lived a long time in Missouri, hut was at that time a member of the Maine Legislature. I have this from Prof. Swallow himself. Yours very respectfully, H. J. ready this institution lias sent out 269 H'wjier's Magazine for July has an article on "The Silent Schools of Ken dall Green," which will interest many readers in Montana, because it is the place where the deaf mutes of Montana are sent to be educated, and where we now have five of these unfortunate ones so handsomely provided for. It is an interesting story how this institution has grown up within a quarter of a century Iront so unpromising a beginning. Amos kendall, Jackson's Postmaster General, was the founder of the institution, giv ing it to begin with two acres of ground and a two story wooden building. By the bouuty of the government the grounds now embrace 100 acres and some of the finest buildings in the country. It is a delight to look at them even in picture. Within two years a beauti ful gvmuasium has been added. There is a very complete museum, and all the aids enjoyed elsewhere of a first-class educational institution. Al in the United States J | iea for deaf and dumb i ture of the man is one of the attractions ; 0 f the arti cle. vouug men, of whom *30 have become teachers in other institutions and others have filled prominent positions in spheres of usefulness, who otherwise would have been a burden to themselves and society. There are 35,000 of these unfortunates More than 7,000 are under instruction. Every State has an institution for this class. That of Il linois has 500 inmates, aud is the largest in the world. This national institution at Kendall Green, is the only college for the deaf and dumb in the world. The institution from its first beginning has been in charge of Edward M. Gallandet whose father opened at Hartford, Con necticut, in 1817, the first school in Amer A striking pie If th<* Democrats nominate Cleveland for the Presidency, he will be called . - . . . h H»- pretty often to «plain why _he vetoed the bill that passed the New York Legislature reducing the tare on the elevated railroads from ten to five cents. SOUTH. THE PROTECTION AT While a portion of the former Repub ]j can party of the North, represented by jjje New York Times and Evening Post, g 0De 0V gj. ^ tbe Democracy on the tariff issue, there is plenty of news to encourage the belief that all such de fections will be more than made good by former Democrats, who on this same issue find themselves at war with the principle of tariff for revenue only. In the South it is very noticesble that the most influential Democratic papers, such as the New Orleans Times-Democrat, Nashville American , Mobile Register, Memphis Avalanche, Birmingham Age and Atlanta Constitution are advocating protection consistently and earnestly in spite of the strongest efforts of the old bourbon influence to prevent it. The South is not solid on this issue, and the current of opinion is so strongly tending to protection that, if those believing in the principle could be brought to act together they would carry more than one of the Southern States to-day. The recent Democratic Convention of Tennessee had a regular drawn battle over this issue, which prolonged the dis cussion over the platform for two days, and resulted in two reports, and divided the convention into two distinct and pretty nearly equal parts. The minority report, distinctly advocating protection, received the support of 535 votes against 794 to lay it on the table, and on the motion to lay the majority report on the table it only escaped the same fate by thirty-four majority. Gen. Atkins, President of the conven tion, tried to convince the members of the convention that it was only a dis pute about words, and that really most people thonght alike, that there were no free traders or protectionists that believed in protection for its own sake. He did not convince either side. Ex Congressman House undertook to crack the whip over the protectionists and charged them with being no Democrats. The consequence instead of producing the intended effect, came very near put ting Mr. House out of a Democratic con vention. If we count nearly one-halt* of the > Democrats and all of the Republicans of Tennessee as favorable to protection it is evident that when this becomes the main issue it will carry the State by an over whelming majority. Louisiana is more unanimous and de termined even than Tennessee for pro tection. Those portions of the Mouth generally that followed the fortunes ot Henry Clay, save Kentucky, show them selves favorable to protection still, but the modern revival of manufacturing in dustries at the South is covering a much wider field. It will not be long till it is the controlling influence over the greater portion of the South. It will seem strange to see South Carolina advocating protection and Massachusetts urging free trade, but this was once the case and is very likely to be so again. AN AGGRESSIVE CAMPAIGN. Some Democrats seem to have reached a hasty conclusion that the campaign for Blaine and Logan is going to be a defen sive instead of an aggressive one as pre dicted by Blaine's friends. We see noth ing as yet to lead us to change our first opinion on the ensuing canvass. It can not be said that a campaign opens until the opposition forces are drawn up. It is impossible for mortal man to tell what the Democratic platform will con tain besides a reassertion of the "time honored principles of the fathers," nor can anv better idea be formed who will be the Democratic candidate. Cleveland or Bayard seem to be the choice of the Independents, but the party has never succeeded whenever it has bowed to out side dictation. Nothing is clearer than that the choice of a majority of the De mocracv could not be secured for any of the reasons that control the Independ ent-!. __ Mb. Blaine's record as a defender of the Irish race in their troubles with t^ie j paternal government seems to be a source of uneasiness in England and is more generally discussed than auy other phase of the campaign just opened. Blaine is credited with having secured the liberation of Augustus Costello aud his comrades, Irish citizens of America, who were arrested and imprisoned in Ireland for alleged treasonable utter ances in America, and with having com pelled England to make a treaty in which it surrendered all claims over British subjects who adopt American citizenship. This sort of aggressive ness in behalf of the Irish race is not viewed with favor by their English persecutors.______ Sidney Dillon has resigned the Presidency of the Union Pacific Rail road Company, and Charles F~"Cia Adams, jr., has been ele**** 1111 P^ ace - The directors vo*^ Jo pass all dividends for the current year, and pay imme diately into the United States Treasury the sum of $718,000, claimed by the Government under the Thurman act tor the year 1883. It is expected that there will be a radical change in the adminis tration of the affairs of the company. An honest effort is to be made to com ply with the law's, instead of seeking to evade them, and to build up the road op its merits. The result will be looked for with interest by the whole country. Deacon Richard Smith, of Cincin nati, opposed Blaine in 18<6 and 1880 to such an extent that he openly declared that he would not support him if nomi nated. But now he says the people have shown their determination to have Blaine and he shall bow to the will of the people and support him. j REPEAL OF THE PRE-EMPTION LAWS. The House has passed by a very de cisive vote the bill repealing the pre emption, timber culture and desert laws, aud reserving all lands adapted to agri culture for actual settlers under the homestead law. So far as the pre-emp tion right is concerned, it is generally conceded that there was no good ground for its continuance after the homestead right was provided. But in the case ot the timber culture and the desert land previsions the repeal has been inconsid- • erate and something will have to be en acted to take their place. Perhaps pri- : vate interest will prove sufficient to pro mote timber culture on lands adapted to i it, and in our section of the country the : Government has shown itself dis posed to foster forest reserva tions. If the government really j intends to enter this field ot forestry, j we hope it will make the matter a care- , ful study and apply it to all timber lands , that remain, as well on the Pacific coast j as in the North and the South. Very little of what is now timber laud is as | well adapted to anything else, and the general interests require that it should be preserved for timber growth and guarded with the strictest care. There may be portions of land now covered with timber that would be more produc tive for general agricultural purposes, but this portion is so small that until the policy t for the preservation of na tional forests is fully laid out, it would j be wiser not to sell another acre of tim ber. If our forests were as carefully managed as they should be they would | yield as much as now, without waste, and i the frightful losses by tires might be almost entirely avoided. The State of ( New York has entered upon this practi cal study of forestry in the Adiron- j dacks, and let us hope something , of general use and benefit may re- j suit to the nation, the State and the citi- ; zen. We still believe that timber cul- j ture would prove profitable to the own- i er of lands in many parts of the country, : and that there will be some general as well as individual benefits which are > worth government attention, but taking its latest acts as indicative of a new policy to preserve for the perpetual growth of timber, lauds ou which timber is now found, the special law can very well be dispensed with. In the case of desert land claims the matter is quite otherwise. Perhaps the law needs amendment. If by any stretch of terms or swearing it would allow one man to take up a strip four miles long on both »ides ot a creek, as we are in formed was true in one case in this Ter ritory, certainly the law needs amend ing. But on general principles, it stands to reason that very little of our land will ever be taken under the home stead act if the owner of every quarter section has to build a separate irrigating ! ditch. It would involve an expenditure iu most cases that no poor man could incur, and besides it would be a waste of ntouey, for the larger the ditch and the more land a single ditch can be made to cover the cheaper and better will it be on every consideration. The practical result of the repeal of the desert land act will be to devote most of our Montana lands to public pasturage for an indefinite term of years. This will suit our stock raeu, but it will not promote settlement. It has always seemed to us that there were just as good, and iu some respects similar reasons for the Government to adopt the same policy as to the disposi tion of desert lands as ot swamp lauds. The latter have been given to the States within which they lie. No single quarter section of a swamp could be drained and improved. No more can a single quarter section ot desert. Oue is troubled with too much water and the other is troubled just as much for not having enough. In the one case the work is to get superfluous w;iter off and iu the other to get on what is naturally deficient. The one is the counterpart of the other. There are just as good reasons why swamp lands should j have been sold at $1.25 per acre as that desert lands should have been valued at that price. There is as good reason for giving the desert lands to the States in which they lie as there was for dispos ing of the swamp lands in the same way. If the repeal is to be followed up by some such donation to the future State of Montana, we shall have occasion to con gratulate ourselves at the present move ! of Congress, otherwise, and for a time, j it will be a serious injury to us, and in j one way or another Congress will surely ; have to change its policy. , .... . _.*u hold- ; The principle of fosterin'" 1 . , «cri cab le, the better , logs is, wherever« li „„joud a doubt, but as all know, I i I j j j j • ! who know anything about our Montana lands, asettier on a quarter section would starve to death ou what would naturally grow thereon, he could not raise a crop without irrigation, and in most cases it would cost ten times as much as his land was worth to build an irrigating canal. The poor homesteader has about as little show as the darkey whose preacher told him that the broad road led to destruc tion aud the narrow one led to eternal damnation. It is claimed for Texas that since the census of 1880 to the end of 1883, her population h.vs increased about 50 per cent and is now 2,250,000; In 1882 her cot «on shipments amounted to 1,573,310 bales. In 1883 her live stock was esti mated of the value of $181,322,480. Thus it will not be long before some of our single States are equal in all the ele ments of power some of the second rate nations of Europe. We do not, as some avow, pretend to care nothing for the defection of those in the Ea*t who call themselves Independ ent Republicans, for very many are in cluded whose character and opinions we have heretofore highly respected. But we confess that we must have great \ overestimated the character and good sense of these men, if their attachment to the Republican party has rested on personal grounds and not oil principles. Men who because they could not have Edmunds are ready to vote for Bayard, are so devoid of principle, that in our judgment, instead of constituting an ele ment of safety and honor in the country, they are no better than mere mercenaries. Though pretending to be actuated by lofty motives the p actical result of their conduct puts them )n a level with Kel ley and his Tammany cohorts. The Senate insists on its amendments to the naval appropriation bill, to pro vide for additional steel cruiser- and the completion of the monitors, and we hope the Senate will continue to insist and let the House, if it will, take the respon sponsibility of going into the campaign on this issue in the shape the action of the two Houses would leave it. Of coutse we should exceedingly regret the situation on many accounts, but it would so attract and arouse the attention of the countrv that the navy would be the gainer in the end. This is one of the issues before the country, and a dis agreement of the two Houses over these items would emphasize it in such a way that we know the Republicans would be too happy to accept the challenge. A TREATY of reciprocity is under ne gotiation between our State Department and the Minister of the Dominican Re public which will include in the free list a great number of articles. Among those from St. Domingo to come in free are sugar under 16 Dutch standard, cof fee, hard woods, indigo, palm oil, hides, fruits, and tobacco in leaf. The free list on our side is much the larger and in cludes salt meats and fish, almost all kinds of machinery, coal oil, powder, books. Next to Cuba, St. Domingo is the best of the West Indes and is capable of developing a very large trade. It will help us to get along without Cuba till Spain is tired of holding on to it. Ax English syndicate, with Sir Titus j Salt at its head, that secured a tract of 43,000 acres of land in Tenu., forty miles north of Chattanooga, a few years since, has just concluded a contract for an iron plant that will involve the investment ot $1,000,000. Most of the tract is under laid with iron and coal and is traversed by the Cincinnati Southern Railroad. Two large blast furnaces are to be con structed at once and railroads to the Tennessee river. Dayton, Tenu., will soon be a rival of Birmingham, Ala., I and both of Pittsburg. This is the age j ! i i 1 i of iron and the |iron crown and scepter will soon the Atlantic be"transferred to this sidVof I I Carter Harrison aud Mike Mc Donald have had a quarrel in Chicago, and as a consequence the Mayor has been raiding the gambling houses in general earnest. A personal pique is a greater spur to the discharge ot official duty than public interest, When thieves fall out there is a better show for honest men. Chicago has been emulating ot late the reputation of New York for being the worst governed city in the world. Unlike all the other States Texas had for her own sole use the proceeds ot all her public lands, and therefrom has re served the richest school fund ot any State or country in the world. We sus pect that if Texas was as poor as the other southern States she would want help from the National treasury just as much. The question of constitutionality is quite as often one of self-interest. _ ! j j ; The Congress of European powers to settle the control of Egypt is to assemble this week. It will divert some attention from this side of the ocean. It is not easy to say what the issue is to be. It seems at present impossible for the G!*J* stone ministry to satisfy France and the demands of the English people and it lias a chance to fail in both. France has spent a hundred millions on the single harbor ot Cherbourg - ,s much as our Government has ; v ent on our rivers and harbors in * ventury. it be«,«» France 8 reater weaUh ' lees debt, or an? greater interest tn in ternal or eternal commerce, or because we have rivers aud harbors less worthy «T rapa'id* " »»»lavement? Italy boasts of having doubled her population within a century, keeping abreast of all the European Slates dur ing that period. The LTniied States more than doubled its population be tween 1850 and 1880, and will show the same rate of increase between 1860 and 189(', besides having fought out one of the mv-t destructive civil wars in his tory. The California Democracy expressed their enbhatic disgust with reform by dropping Ros écrans and Sumner, the two members of their delegation that have beenVoremost in fighting monopo lies. As hings look at present, it wil not be ver^iard for the Republicans to elect a soil Congressional delegaton from the Pajfic slope. The A-lpMhave been tun ne let suc cessfully, an<W the Pyrennes ertne in ; for their tuf. It has been atfanged between Spaifand France for two tun nels, one atr ither end of tie chain, which are to the Spanish peninsula connection by rail with tie rest of Europe. The Sheriffs ot Three Counties Cole's Circa*. \ts The Herai.d of Saturday gave an ac count of the swindling operations of the circus crowd in Deer Lodge, and of the ar rest of Cole and others connected with the show. Sheriff' Bodley, of Silver Bow, aow has them in charge, and when he is through with them, Sheriff' McTagne,of Deer S/xlge. has use for them, and after him, Sheriff Reinhart, of Beaverhead, will have an in terview. The same game that was tried so success fully in Butte and Deer Lodge was worked in Dillon. The Tribune says : "They were a dandy band of sharper.* connected with the circus, especially the ticket sellers. The boss ticket seller, at the wagon, was the big chief. He was a 'light ning calculator' and in the matter of giving hack change he introduced a series of tricks iu the scienee of financiering that will not soon be forgotten in these parts. A ranchman having discovered that he had l>eeu bit went to manager Cole and de manded the refunding of the money to himself ami a few others, threatening to 'tie up the d—d circus if the money was not forthcoming.' Mr. Cole refunded, re marking that the nten practicing such games would lie instantly discharged from his employ. The crowd at the circus in the evening at Dillon was very small on account of the people being hot and excited over the dirty work practiced in the after noon.'' The Butte Miner of the 22d, speaking of the arrests, says : "The whole matter is uow in the courts, and nothing should he said through the public prints to prejudice the cases. This much, however, may he stated : Mr. Cole has voluntarily paid over $600 to parties who lost money through the swindling operations of those connected with the sale of the tickets The Miner expresses its belief that neither Cole, who is assessed for about $2,000,000k or Press Agent Maxwell were aware of the schemes of the ticket sellers and others,, to fleece the innocent cattle and silver kings of the West Side. It is a matter to congratulate ourselves on, as residents of the Capital, that uose ot the tricks played on the grangers and capi talists over the range, (with their pocket books stuffed with bills of large denoiuina fions) were tried in Helena. AFTER THE CIRCUS I» OVER. The Inter-Mountain figures up the losses by the circus money changers and gives the names of losers, which ranges frem a nick le (Col. Searles) to $155- (Louis Lin eruiau). No insurance. Ait old miner was being squeezed eut of his change when he drew a gun and de manded his tweuty back. Knowles & Forbis are the lawyers fot King Cole aud his fiddlers three. Messrs. Cole, Barry and Maxwell aie out ou bail in the sum of $300 each. Probate Judge Emerson, of Deer Lodge, was trying a circus sharp for p atticiDg some peculiarity in connection with his profession, and the lawyer for the defense had "busted'' the complaints on some I technicality, and it looked as though the tel low would get clear. fsudaenlj the I Judge said he would draw up papers him self that would stick in his own court, i which he did, and the trial resulted in the circus chap lieing bound over lor 11,000 In default of payment he was consigned to the tombs. It is rumored in Deer Lodge that the man changed a $'10 bill foi the J udge. j s the most remarkably j j ] | j TO Ml III KUAN EYES*. How the Growth of Helena Impressed a Bozeman Editor. [Avant Courier-! A recent visit to Bozeman re- im presset! us with the fact that in many respects it enterprising and prosperous town iu Montana. Butte may have richer mines iu her immediate vicin ity, but Helena to-day is farfiurpassing her iu substantial building enterprises, and promises to sustain her mpretuaey as a business centre and a solid brick aud mor tar town. The new business potion of the town seems to be as large aDd even larger in ex tent than the old portion, and although not as closely built or completely tilled up. the structures far nurpass the others in al most every respect Think of a large num ber of business blwks, on both sides of the streets, to and three stories high, with handsome iron aid plate-glass fronts, and costing $20,000 »$60,000 each. And this is not all, for a hrge number of new straf turesare now it course of construction on the intervening lots, which, in size, design aud handsome appearance promise to excel those recently finished. In addition to «nese valuable aid extensive improve ments on Main street, probahly » large number of hand.ome and expensive resi dences are unde- construction in different portions of th» city than ever was wit nessed before ii one season. The present marvelous growth of the city certainly in dicates both present aud prospective re sources of fa more than ordinary extent, and the citions are showing an enterprise and confideJce in its stability and tutnre prosperity that is truly commendable. They certainly deserve the success they are enjoying, and the fuit fruition ot their expectations of the tut are. evenin The Mitsoula Fire. [Miseoulu Times.] Cadice & Smith's loss by the recent 0" was about $10,000, no insurance. Some$U OOOworth of goods, consisting of crockery am glassware, had just beeu put into tne wtrehouse aud the building closed for d |P light before the fire, full to the rafters. I l> rtt Iorses in one corner of the warehouse li as a stable were got out in safety. Mr. McCormick estimates his lost at U 000. At a special meeting of the town court ou Monday evening, an ordinance e*•* lishing a fite district and defining thi lin>" thereof was adopted. In this district but brick or substantial fire proof bu' ^ will be permitted hereafter construct»'» less a special permit is granted by after the fire, bookanj laddcr aud hose companies were org- lMl " a Two separate companies will al ' n " . spirit of rivalry between the tire la< '^' o( Not the least unfortunate outco® 1 the ano°" Dl Saturday morning's fire & Smith of their intent' ment by Caplice----- to retire from business in Missoula.