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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 26, 1884, Image 2

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I Im
Commendable Manner m Which
Cow Hoys do their b ork.
Owen* and Si. Nickeoon no i
Longer Hanker Alter Horse i le*
T.a viva, M. T. June 20, 1884.
To the Editor of the Herald:
For the past two months a well organ
ized band of horse thieves hate been run
ning ofl' horses from the ranchmen on the
Musselshell river in this vicinity. ^ Last
Friday night two members ot this^ band,
Ed. Owens and Si. Nickerson, stole from
the Kenton & Killings Stage Company,
from Rocky Springs station, fourteen miles
north of this place, eight stage horses.
Their trail was discovered on Saturday
morning. John Davis, the superintendent,
and two other men started in pursuit,
reaching the Klack ranch, seventy miles
down the river, on Sunday morning, where
they halted to get something to eat and
rest their horses. Shortly after arriving at
this place the stolen horses were discovered
a short distance away coming towards the
ranch, driven by two men, who soon came
up, and the following is sulwtantially the
story told by them regarding the recovery
ot the horses and the killing ol Owens
and Nickerson :
About fifteen cow boys, while riding
the range, thirty miles down the Mussel
shell river from the Black ranch, and sev
eral miles north of the river, discovered
two men driving a small hand of horses.
The thieves, on becoming aware that they
were observed by the cow boys, evidently
thinking they were in pursuit, quickly
dismounted and commenced changing
their saddles and other equipment to fresh
horses. This act caused the cow boys to
suspect that they were horse thieves, and
they immediately gave chase. Overhaul
ing them a scrimmage ensued, in which
Owens was wounded in the arm. The
cow hoys being at a disadvantage, having
only revolvers while the enemy had good
rides, retreated to camp, where they found
turns, and six of the party again started for
the thieves, determined to take them in.
One mile from where the first encounter
took place they again overhauled the llee
ing thieves.
The particulars of the killing we have
been unable to learn, hut the boys re
turned with the eight stage horses and the
two horses rode by the thieves ; also their
gnus and revolvers—in fact, their lull ac
coutrements. They will not say that they
killed their men, but there is no doubt ot
the fact. They do say, however, that
Owens and Nickerson will steal no more
horses. This will, it is hoped, break up
the baud and rid the Musselshell ol what
has been for the past two months a terror
to everybody that owned a horse. As a
rule they stole from the poorer class, w ho
were unable or unprepared to follow them.
Superintendent Davis returned yesterday
with his horses. N. C. SMITH.
All Wool."
Clips Not
Dawsou county has secured over two
thirds of the entire Block shipments into
Montana this spriug. This county has the
advantage of being new, and its vast graz
ing territory is as yet comparatively un
The territory lying between the Yellow
stone, Missouri and Musselshell rivers lie- j
mg a triaugle and liounded on the three
sides by these rivers, which form natural
barriers against stock straying to an un
limited extent, and in which over two
hundred thousand bufialo have grazed,
makes the finest round-np in known stock
countries There is scarcely auy possibil
ity of this vast range being crowded for the
next twenty years.
Montana Stock and Mining Journal : A
pleasant sight from the car window, as the
train on the Northern Pacific winds its
way along the Yellowstone, is a line flock
ot sheep numbering about 9,000 scattered
over a vast grazing plain near Greycliff.
And, again, what will onr eastern readers
think of stock raisiug in Montana when
we state that from the car countless herds
of cattlt can be seen at every turn, and
droves of horses, numbering hundreds,
grazing on "a thousand hills."
Billings Herald : The cattle buyers of
Eastern Washington Territory are paying
$12 for calves, $18 for yearlings. $25 for
two-year-olds, and $40 for cows.
Billings Herald : A Montana stockman
just returned from Iowa says that the
State is full of Montana stockmen, who
are buying everything from a calf to an
old cow to ship West this coming summer.
Drovers Journal : The old practice of
washing sheep before shearing has talleu
into disuse among the most progressive
farmere. It does not pay. Aside from the
colds, rheumatism and other inconveniences
incurred by men and auimals, the wool is
not increased in market vaine enough to
justify the time and lal«»r exja nded. It
the fleeces are tilled with hurra aud rub
bish, the washing they get on the sheep's
back will not help them any. Better keep
the sheep reasonably clean, and let the
manufacturers do the washing.
The Livingston Enterprise says : We
are pleased to learn that the Board of 1 rade
at its meetiug last evening took formal
noti-e of the county license system and
showed a very favorable disposition to
work for the repeal of the obnoxious law,
whiclt imposes these restrictions upon the
trade of Montana. This license law is nn
worthy of the progressive West. It is a
relic of tho moss-back era, when every new
comer in the Territory was viewed with
suspicion, and brauded with a name meant
to convey a reproachful inference of in
In a private communication from an old
subscriber to the H EU A LI) at Big Horn
City. Wyoming Territory, mention is made
that E. H. Becker, formerly editor of the
Miles City Press, will soon publish a paper
at Big Horn City, the first number to ap
pear about- August 1st. All success to the
enterprise and to the enterprising journal
ist who is so capable of editing a paper
accounts this little South
American Republic is a subject of inter- :
With an area no larger than Da- j
ulation not much greater j
kota and a pop
than that of New York city, with a debt j
of **>0,000,000 and a credit so low that |
her 5 per cent, bonds were only worth j
<>4 cents on the dollar, she undertook a j
war with Peru and Bolivia, countries (
covering an area of eight times as great
as her own, and apparently more defensi- :
ble in every respect, and completely j
subdued all organized opposition and j
regular government. It may be said j
that Chili owes all her success to British !
iron clads, but Peru had the same oppor
tunity and larger resources to have met |
this conflict, and though beaten on the j
sea, and her ports occupied, it would |
have seemed as if Peru ought still to :
have been able to have maintained her- j
self on land. We sometimes have an
idea that South Americans can't tight |
any more than the Chinese, but during i
this war between Chili and Peru there
was desperate lighting, and the Chilian
aggressors proved themselves as superier
on land as water.
The whole war was for the possession
of a strip of coast about 400 miles long
and from 50 to 80 miles wide, the most
desolate to look upon of anything in the
world, for it is one of the few regions of
the world where rain never falls. This dis
trict apparently so worthless is so exceed
ing rich in nitrates and iodine that a very
moderate estimate of the portion taken
from Peru places its value at $000,000,000.
In 1882 the export of saltpeter from this
district had an estimated value of $30,
000,000. It was a prize worth fighting
fos and Chili came out of the war one of
the richest countries in the world. Her
bonds in the London markets have gone
up from 64 to 95 cents.
But the situation is not altogether
serene and satisfactory to Chili, to say
nothing about that of Peru and Bolivia.
Chili knows that she must be ready to
defend by force what she has won by
force and there are interested parties be
sides Peru and Bolivia. Peru owed a
debt of $160,000,000 at the beginning of
this war to continental creditors who
held a lien for security on these nitrate
beds. These creditors have been inquir
ing with a very natural concern who is
avs she
going to pay these bonds. Peru
can't pay them for the very good reason '
that she has nothing to pav with, and
Chili says that they are not for her to
pay; that the fortunes of war released
all claims on the property. But this
does not end the matter or satisly the
creditors. They appeal to the British
and French governments tor assistance,
and however insolent aud overbearing
the Chilians may carry themselves to
wards their prostrate foes, they are com
pelled to be very polite and respectful
to the inquiries of Gladstone and Ferry.
If Chili had been in Africa or Asia,
there is no doubt that she would have
beeu compelled to recognize the claims
of British and French creditors before
this time.
But for the United States aud our
Monroe doctrine, Chili knows very well
that she could not hold her prize with
out assuming responsibility to the con
tinental creditors.
If is the case with almost all of the
South American States, that they owe
very heavy debts to British creditors for
moneys borrowed at ruinous rates of in
terest to build railroads. There is cause
for British interference in all of the
South and Central American States as
well as Mexico. If we expect to main
tain the Monroe doctrine, we must be
nutting ourselves in readiness to assert
in arms our determined purpose that no
foreign nation shall gain further foot
hold on this continent.
Nor will it be necessary that we should
uphold the South American States in
evading or escaping the payment of their
debts. American capitalists will buy up
the foreign bonds and wiil aid these
States to recover their credit by a de
velopment of their resources under stable
governments, aided by foreign immigra
It is easy to see that it will not be
many years before the superfluous capi
tal and energy of the United States will
be enlisted largely in the development
of the South American States.
South America is a richer country
than Europe, and we could in a few
years, with a concentration of our re
sources and euergies, under a proper
policy, develope a marvellous commerce
By the dispatches from Madrid it would
seem as if Spain had no purpose and
very little desire to improve the condi- ;
tion of things in Cuba. It would have
been contrary to the whole current of
Spanish history to have attempted or
promised anything sensibleor humane. It
is none the less true that Spanish domin
ion in Cuba is approaching its end. It
might be delayed by a more liberal pol- ;
icy, but there is only one possible end to |
the policy last proclaimed in the Span- J
ish Cortes. The desperation of the Cu
bans may bring an end to Spanish mis
j ru i e an y fl a y.
j _______ - —
The Inlcr-Ocean contains a long inter
view with Congressman Finerty, ot
Chicago, aud editor of the Citizen.
Though he does not say that he will
support Blaine and Logan, he says those
who are opposing Blaine for his expected
vigorous foreign policy, are doing him
more service than injury. Mr. Finerty
very sagaciously observed that the Re
publican ticket was particularly strong
Low that cl«» of people ia thi. cotta
try, both native and foreign-born, who
are possessed of the idea that we are just
as good as any other nation upon which
the sun shines.
During his visit in Maine and on the
occasion ot his return to \\ ashington,
Gen. Logan has been placed in positions j
where it was appropriate tor him to >
speak, and on every occasion he has im
proved the opportunity to the best ad
vantage and in the best of taste. In fact j
these little speeches contain the whole j
gist of the campaign. They strike the j
key note of what promises to be the
grandest political campaign that this J
country has ever seen. It is not to be a j
campaign of mere hurrah, of noise and j
show. It is going to be more than ever .
before a contest to develop an internal
and external policy for the American
continent. Less than ever before is this
opening contest to concern itself with
past records. The main issues that came
in and with the war are settled beyond
recall or danger of disturbance. Already
the South has entered upon an
era of industrial development
that bids fair in a short
time to make that entire section more
rich and prosperous than she could ever
have been if slavery had not been dis
turbed. The social questions that are
left over cannot be settled in a hurry.
This must be the slow growth of time
acting in conjunction with the public
schools, the churches and the newspaper
on the ambition, energy and enterprise
of individuals of both races.
So with our material development, a
crisis has come. We have been putting
money into the construction of rail
roads till we have pushed the facilities
for transportation beyond any legitimate
demand, and the country has got to
grow up to their proper support. We can
produce more raw material than we can
consume, manufacture or find market
for, at home or abroad.
Everything seems to indicate the
fullness of time having been reached
when we should cultivate external com
merce as the necessary supplement to
our magnificent system of railroads
touching the sea coast at every point.
We are not departing from the lessons
of Washington's farewell address, or
formulating any new policy. The policy
that we need to vitalize and realize has
existed in germ in the so-called Monroe
doctrine for more than a half century.
It calls upon us to build a navy in the
assured confidence that we shall in that
way soon have a commerce, the richest
and most extensive in the world. We
seek only what we are justly entitled to,
not by a policy of aggression, but one of
peace and commerce.
In all of the speeches of Logan thus
far the attention of his hearers has been
directed to some of these great princi
pies of internal and external policy, that
should show the people that our leaders
at least perceive the true meaning of
this year's contest. It is not the little
insigniticaut question that the pitiable
independents seem to suppose, aud before
next November comes around they will
despise themselves even worse than any
one else will despise them.
The Democratic campaigners having
charged Blaine with the authorship of
the Maine liquor law, which was passed
befor he got to the Pine Tree State, the
Chicago Tribune publishes the follow
To the Editor of the Tribune :
Chicago, June 18.— One of the chief
promoters of the Maine liquor law, passed
in 1851, was Prof. Swallow, now in Col
umbia, Boone county, Mo. The professor
is a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat, has lived
a long time in Missouri, hut was at that
time a member of the Maine Legislature.
I have this from Prof. Swallow himself.
Yours very respectfully, H. J.
ready this institution lias sent out 269
H'wjier's Magazine for July has an
article on "The Silent Schools of Ken
dall Green," which will interest many
readers in Montana, because it is the
place where the deaf mutes of Montana
are sent to be educated, and where we
now have five of these unfortunate ones
so handsomely provided for. It is an
interesting story how this institution has
grown up within a quarter of a century
Iront so unpromising a beginning. Amos
kendall, Jackson's Postmaster General,
was the founder of the institution, giv
ing it to begin with two acres of ground
and a two story wooden building. By
the bouuty of the government the
grounds now embrace 100 acres and some
of the finest buildings in the country.
It is a delight to look at them even in
picture. Within two years a beauti
ful gvmuasium has been added.
There is a very complete museum,
and all the aids enjoyed elsewhere of a
first-class educational institution. Al
in the United States
| iea for deaf and dumb
i ture of the man is one of the attractions
; 0 f the arti cle.
vouug men, of whom *30 have become
teachers in other institutions and others
have filled prominent positions in spheres
of usefulness, who otherwise would have
been a burden to themselves and society.
There are 35,000 of these unfortunates
More than 7,000
are under instruction. Every State has
an institution for this class. That of Il
linois has 500 inmates, aud is the largest
in the world. This national institution
at Kendall Green, is the only college for
the deaf and dumb in the world. The
institution from its first beginning has
been in charge of Edward M. Gallandet
whose father opened at Hartford, Con
necticut, in 1817, the first school in Amer
A striking pie
If th<* Democrats nominate Cleveland
for the Presidency, he will be called
. - . . . h
H»- pretty often to «plain why _he
vetoed the bill that passed the New
York Legislature reducing the tare on
the elevated railroads from ten to five
While a portion of the former Repub
]j can party of the North, represented by
jjje New York Times and Evening Post,
g 0De 0V gj. ^ tbe Democracy on the
tariff issue, there is plenty of news to
encourage the belief that all such de
fections will be more than made good
by former Democrats, who on this same
issue find themselves at war with the
principle of tariff for revenue only.
In the South it is very noticesble that
the most influential Democratic papers,
such as the New Orleans Times-Democrat,
Nashville American , Mobile Register,
Memphis Avalanche, Birmingham Age
and Atlanta Constitution are advocating
protection consistently and earnestly in
spite of the strongest efforts of the old
bourbon influence to prevent it. The
South is not solid on this issue, and the
current of opinion is so strongly tending
to protection that, if those believing in
the principle could be brought to act
together they would carry more than one
of the Southern States to-day.
The recent Democratic Convention of
Tennessee had a regular drawn battle
over this issue, which prolonged the dis
cussion over the platform for two days,
and resulted in two reports, and divided
the convention into two distinct and
pretty nearly equal parts. The minority
report, distinctly advocating protection,
received the support of 535 votes against
794 to lay it on the table, and on the
motion to lay the majority report on the
table it only escaped the same fate by
thirty-four majority.
Gen. Atkins, President of the conven
tion, tried to convince the members of
the convention that it was only a dis
pute about words, and that really most
people thonght alike, that there were no
free traders or protectionists that believed
in protection for its own sake.
He did not convince either side. Ex
Congressman House undertook to crack
the whip over the protectionists and
charged them with being no Democrats.
The consequence instead of producing
the intended effect, came very near put
ting Mr. House out of a Democratic con
If we count nearly one-halt* of the >
Democrats and all of the Republicans of
Tennessee as favorable to protection it is
evident that when this becomes the main
issue it will carry the State by an over
whelming majority.
Louisiana is more unanimous and de
termined even than Tennessee for pro
tection. Those portions of the Mouth
generally that followed the fortunes ot
Henry Clay, save Kentucky, show them
selves favorable to protection still, but
the modern revival of manufacturing in
dustries at the South is covering a much
wider field. It will not be long till it is
the controlling influence over the greater
portion of the South. It will seem
strange to see South Carolina advocating
protection and Massachusetts urging
free trade, but this was once the case and
is very likely to be so again.
Some Democrats seem to have reached
a hasty conclusion that the campaign for
Blaine and Logan is going to be a defen
sive instead of an aggressive one as pre
dicted by Blaine's friends. We see noth
ing as yet to lead us to change our first
opinion on the ensuing canvass. It can
not be said that a campaign opens until
the opposition forces are drawn up.
It is impossible for mortal man to tell
what the Democratic platform will con
tain besides a reassertion of the "time
honored principles of the fathers," nor
can anv better idea be formed who will
be the Democratic candidate. Cleveland
or Bayard seem to be the choice of the
Independents, but the party has never
succeeded whenever it has bowed to out
side dictation. Nothing is clearer than
that the choice of a majority of the De
mocracv could not be secured for any of
the reasons that control the Independ
ent-!. __
Mb. Blaine's record as a defender of
the Irish race in their troubles with t^ie j
paternal government seems to be a
source of uneasiness in England and is
more generally discussed than auy other
phase of the campaign just opened.
Blaine is credited with having secured
the liberation of Augustus Costello aud
his comrades, Irish citizens of America,
who were arrested and imprisoned in
Ireland for alleged treasonable utter
ances in America, and with having com
pelled England to make a treaty in
which it surrendered all claims over
British subjects who adopt American
citizenship. This sort of aggressive
ness in behalf of the Irish race is not
viewed with favor by their English
Sidney Dillon has resigned the
Presidency of the Union Pacific Rail
road Company, and Charles F~"Cia
Adams, jr., has been ele**** 1111 P^ ace -
The directors vo*^ Jo pass all dividends
for the current year, and pay imme
diately into the United States Treasury
the sum of $718,000, claimed by the
Government under the Thurman act tor
the year 1883. It is expected that there
will be a radical change in the adminis
tration of the affairs of the company.
An honest effort is to be made to com
ply with the law's, instead of seeking to
evade them, and to build up the road op
its merits. The result will be looked
for with interest by the whole country.
Deacon Richard Smith, of Cincin
nati, opposed Blaine in 18<6 and 1880 to
such an extent that he openly declared
that he would not support him if nomi
nated. But now he says the people
have shown their determination to have
Blaine and he shall bow to the will of
the people and support him.
The House has passed by a very de
cisive vote the bill repealing the pre
emption, timber culture and desert laws,
aud reserving all lands adapted to agri
culture for actual settlers under the
homestead law. So far as the pre-emp
tion right is concerned, it is generally
conceded that there was no good ground
for its continuance after the homestead
right was provided. But in the case ot
the timber culture and the desert land
previsions the repeal has been inconsid- •
erate and something will have to be en
acted to take their place. Perhaps pri- :
vate interest will prove sufficient to pro
mote timber culture on lands adapted to i
it, and in our section of the country the :
Government has shown itself dis
posed to foster forest reserva
tions. If the government really j
intends to enter this field ot forestry, j
we hope it will make the matter a care- ,
ful study and apply it to all timber lands ,
that remain, as well on the Pacific coast j
as in the North and the South. Very
little of what is now timber laud is as |
well adapted to anything else, and the
general interests require that it should
be preserved for timber growth and
guarded with the strictest care. There
may be portions of land now covered
with timber that would be more produc
tive for general agricultural purposes,
but this portion is so small that until
the policy t for the preservation of na
tional forests is fully laid out, it would j
be wiser not to sell another acre of tim
ber. If our forests were as carefully
managed as they should be they would |
yield as much as now, without waste, and i
the frightful losses by tires might be
almost entirely avoided. The State of (
New York has entered upon this practi
cal study of forestry in the Adiron- j
dacks, and let us hope something ,
of general use and benefit may re- j
suit to the nation, the State and the citi- ;
zen. We still believe that timber cul- j
ture would prove profitable to the own- i
er of lands in many parts of the country, :
and that there will be some general as
well as individual benefits which are
> worth government attention, but taking
its latest acts as indicative of a new
policy to preserve for the perpetual
growth of timber, lauds ou which timber
is now found, the special law can very
well be dispensed with.
In the case of desert land claims the
matter is quite otherwise. Perhaps the
law needs amendment. If by any stretch
of terms or swearing it would allow one
man to take up a strip four miles long
on both »ides ot a creek, as we are in
formed was true in one case in this Ter
ritory, certainly the law needs amend
ing. But on general principles, it
stands to reason that very little of our
land will ever be taken under the home
stead act if the owner of every quarter
section has to build a separate irrigating !
ditch. It would involve an expenditure
iu most cases that no poor man could
incur, and besides it would be a waste
of ntouey, for the larger the ditch and
the more land a single ditch can be
made to cover the cheaper and better
will it be on every consideration.
The practical result of the repeal of
the desert land act will be to devote
most of our Montana lands to public
pasturage for an indefinite term of years.
This will suit our stock raeu, but it will
not promote settlement.
It has always seemed to us that there
were just as good, and iu some respects
similar reasons for the Government to
adopt the same policy as to the disposi
tion of desert lands as ot swamp lauds.
The latter have been given to
the States within which they lie.
No single quarter section of a swamp
could be drained and improved. No
more can a single quarter section ot
desert. Oue is troubled with too much
water and the other is troubled just as
much for not having enough. In the one
case the work is to get superfluous w;iter
off and iu the other to get on what is
naturally deficient. The one is the
counterpart of the other. There are just
as good reasons why swamp lands should j
have been sold at $1.25 per acre as that
desert lands should have been valued at
that price. There is as good reason for
giving the desert lands to the States in
which they lie as there was for dispos
ing of the swamp lands in the same way.
If the repeal is to be followed up by
some such donation to the future State of
Montana, we shall have occasion to con
gratulate ourselves at the present move !
of Congress, otherwise, and for a time, j
it will be a serious injury to us, and in j
one way or another Congress will surely ;
have to change its policy.
, .... . _.*u hold- ;
The principle of fosterin'" 1
. , «cri cab le, the better ,
logs is, wherever«
li „„joud a doubt, but as all know,

who know anything about our Montana
lands, asettier on a quarter section would
starve to death ou what would naturally
grow thereon, he could not raise a crop
without irrigation, and in most cases it
would cost ten times as much as his land
was worth to build an irrigating canal.
The poor homesteader has about as little
show as the darkey whose preacher told
him that the broad road led to destruc
tion aud the narrow one led to eternal
It is claimed for Texas that since the
census of 1880 to the end of 1883, her
population h.vs increased
about 50 per
cent and is now 2,250,000; In 1882 her
cot «on shipments amounted to 1,573,310
bales. In 1883 her live stock was esti
mated of the value of $181,322,480. Thus
it will not be long before some of our
single States are equal in all the ele
ments of power some of the second rate
nations of Europe.
We do not, as some avow, pretend to
care nothing for the defection of those in
the Ea*t who call themselves Independ
ent Republicans, for very many are in
cluded whose character and opinions we
have heretofore highly respected. But
we confess that we must have great \
overestimated the character and good
sense of these men, if their attachment
to the Republican party has rested on
personal grounds and not oil principles.
Men who because they could not have
Edmunds are ready to vote for Bayard,
are so devoid of principle, that in our
judgment, instead of constituting an ele
ment of safety and honor in the country,
they are no better than mere mercenaries.
Though pretending to be actuated by
lofty motives the p actical result of their
conduct puts them )n a level with Kel
ley and his Tammany cohorts.
The Senate insists on its amendments
to the naval appropriation bill, to pro
vide for additional steel cruiser- and the
completion of the monitors, and we hope
the Senate will continue to insist and
let the House, if it will, take the respon
sponsibility of going into the campaign
on this issue in the shape the action of
the two Houses would leave it. Of
coutse we should exceedingly regret the
situation on many accounts, but it would
so attract and arouse the attention of
the countrv that the navy would be the
gainer in the end. This is one of the
issues before the country, and a dis
agreement of the two Houses over these
items would emphasize it in such a way
that we know the Republicans would be
too happy to accept the challenge.
A TREATY of reciprocity is under ne
gotiation between our State Department
and the Minister of the Dominican Re
public which will include in the free list
a great number of articles. Among
those from St. Domingo to come in free
are sugar under 16 Dutch standard, cof
fee, hard woods, indigo, palm oil, hides,
fruits, and tobacco in leaf. The free list
on our side is much the larger and in
cludes salt meats and fish, almost all
kinds of machinery, coal oil, powder,
books. Next to Cuba, St. Domingo is
the best of the West Indes and is capable
of developing a very large trade. It will
help us to get along without Cuba till
Spain is tired of holding on to it.
Ax English syndicate, with Sir Titus j
Salt at its head, that secured a tract of
43,000 acres of land in Tenu., forty miles
north of Chattanooga, a few years since,
has just concluded a contract for an iron
plant that will involve the investment ot
$1,000,000. Most of the tract is under
laid with iron and coal and is traversed
by the Cincinnati Southern Railroad.
Two large blast furnaces are to be con
structed at once and railroads to the
Tennessee river. Dayton, Tenu., will
soon be a rival of Birmingham, Ala., I
and both of Pittsburg. This is the age j
of iron and the |iron crown and scepter
will soon
the Atlantic
be"transferred to this sidVof I
Carter Harrison aud Mike Mc
Donald have had a quarrel in Chicago,
and as a consequence the Mayor has
been raiding the gambling houses in
general earnest. A personal pique is a
greater spur to the discharge ot official
duty than public interest, When thieves
fall out there is a better show for honest
men. Chicago has been emulating ot
late the reputation of New York for
being the worst governed city in the
Unlike all the other States Texas had
for her own sole use the proceeds ot all
her public lands, and therefrom has re
served the richest school fund ot any
State or country in the world. We sus
pect that if Texas was as poor as the
other southern States she would want
help from the National treasury just as
much. The question of constitutionality
is quite as often one of self-interest.
The Congress of European powers to
settle the control of Egypt is to assemble
this week. It will divert some attention
from this side of the ocean. It is not
easy to say what the issue is to be. It
seems at present impossible for the G!*J*
stone ministry to satisfy France and the
demands of the English people and it lias
a chance to fail in both.
France has spent a hundred millions
on the single harbor ot Cherbourg - ,s
much as our Government has ; v ent on
our rivers and harbors in * ventury.
it be«,«» France 8 reater weaUh '
lees debt, or an? greater interest tn in
ternal or eternal commerce, or because
we have rivers aud harbors less worthy
«T rapa'id* " »»»lavement?
Italy boasts of having doubled her
population within a century, keeping
abreast of all the European Slates dur
ing that period. The LTniied States
more than doubled its population be
tween 1850 and 1880, and will show the
same rate of increase between 1860 and
189(', besides having fought out one of
the mv-t destructive civil wars in his
The California Democracy expressed
their enbhatic disgust with reform by
dropping Ros écrans and Sumner, the
two members of their delegation that
have beenVoremost in fighting monopo
lies. As hings look at present, it wil
not be ver^iard for the Republicans to
elect a soil Congressional delegaton
from the Pajfic slope.
A-lpMhave been tun ne let suc
cessfully, an<W the Pyrennes ertne in
; for their tuf. It has been atfanged
between Spaifand France for two tun
nels, one atr ither end of tie chain,
which are to the Spanish peninsula
connection by rail with tie rest of
The Sheriffs ot Three Counties
Cole's Circa*.
The Herai.d of Saturday gave an ac
count of the swindling operations of the
circus crowd in Deer Lodge, and of the ar
rest of Cole and others connected with the
Sheriff' Bodley, of Silver Bow, aow has
them in charge, and when he is through
with them, Sheriff' McTagne,of Deer S/xlge.
has use for them, and after him, Sheriff
Reinhart, of Beaverhead, will have an in
The same game that was tried so success
fully in Butte and Deer Lodge was worked
in Dillon. The Tribune says :
"They were a dandy band of sharper.*
connected with the circus, especially the
ticket sellers. The boss ticket seller, at the
wagon, was the big chief. He was a 'light
ning calculator' and in the matter of giving
hack change he introduced a series of tricks
iu the scienee of financiering that will
not soon be forgotten in these parts.
A ranchman having discovered that he had
l>eeu bit went to manager Cole and de
manded the refunding of the money to
himself ami a few others, threatening to
'tie up the d—d circus if the money was
not forthcoming.' Mr. Cole refunded, re
marking that the nten practicing such
games would lie instantly discharged from
his employ. The crowd at the circus in
the evening at Dillon was very small on
account of the people being hot and excited
over the dirty work practiced in the after
The Butte Miner of the 22d, speaking of
the arrests, says : "The whole matter is
uow in the courts, and nothing should he
said through the public prints to prejudice
the cases. This much, however, may he
stated : Mr. Cole has voluntarily paid
over $600 to parties who lost money
through the swindling operations of those
connected with the sale of the tickets
The Miner expresses its belief that neither
Cole, who is assessed for about $2,000,000k
or Press Agent Maxwell were aware of the
schemes of the ticket sellers and others,, to
fleece the innocent cattle and silver kings
of the West Side.
It is a matter to congratulate ourselves
on, as residents of the Capital, that uose ot
the tricks played on the grangers and capi
talists over the range, (with their pocket
books stuffed with bills of large denoiuina
fions) were tried in Helena.
The Inter-Mountain figures up the losses
by the circus money changers and gives
the names of losers, which ranges frem a
nick le (Col. Searles) to $155- (Louis Lin
eruiau). No insurance.
Ait old miner was being squeezed eut of
his change when he drew a gun and de
manded his tweuty back.
Knowles & Forbis are the lawyers fot
King Cole aud his fiddlers three.
Messrs. Cole, Barry and Maxwell aie out
ou bail in the sum of $300 each.
Probate Judge Emerson, of Deer Lodge,
was trying a circus sharp for p atticiDg
some peculiarity in connection with his
profession, and the lawyer for the defense
had "busted'' the complaints on some
I technicality, and it looked as though the
tel low would get clear. fsudaenlj the
I Judge said he would draw up papers him
self that would stick in his own court,
i which he did, and the trial resulted in the
circus chap lieing bound over lor 11,000
In default of payment he was consigned
to the tombs. It is rumored in Deer Lodge
that the man changed a $'10 bill foi the
J udge.
j s the most remarkably
How the Growth of Helena Impressed
a Bozeman Editor.
[Avant Courier-!
A recent visit to Bozeman re- im presset!
us with the fact that in many respects it
enterprising and
prosperous town iu Montana. Butte may
have richer mines iu her immediate vicin
ity, but Helena to-day is farfiurpassing her
iu substantial building enterprises, and
promises to sustain her mpretuaey as a
business centre and a solid brick aud mor
tar town.
The new business potion of the town
seems to be as large aDd even larger in ex
tent than the old portion, and although
not as closely built or completely tilled up.
the structures far nurpass the others in al
most every respect Think of a large num
ber of business blwks, on both sides of the
streets, to and three stories high, with
handsome iron aid plate-glass fronts, and
costing $20,000 »$60,000 each. And this
is not all, for a hrge number of new straf
turesare now it course of construction on
the intervening lots, which, in size, design
aud handsome appearance promise to excel
those recently finished. In addition to
«nese valuable aid extensive improve
ments on Main street, probahly » large
number of hand.ome and expensive resi
dences are unde- construction in different
portions of th» city than ever was wit
nessed before ii one season. The present
marvelous growth of the city certainly in
dicates both present aud prospective re
sources of fa more than ordinary extent,
and the citions are showing an enterprise
and confideJce in its stability and tutnre
prosperity that is truly commendable.
They certainly deserve the success they
are enjoying, and the fuit fruition ot their
expectations of the tut are.
The Mitsoula Fire.
[Miseoulu Times.]
Cadice & Smith's loss by the recent 0"
was about $10,000, no insurance. Some$U
OOOworth of goods, consisting of crockery
am glassware, had just beeu put into tne
wtrehouse aud the building closed for d |P
light before the fire, full to the rafters. I l> rtt
Iorses in one corner of the warehouse li
as a stable were got out in safety.
Mr. McCormick estimates his lost at U
At a special meeting of the town court
ou Monday evening, an ordinance e*•*
lishing a fite district and defining thi lin>"
thereof was adopted. In this district
but brick or substantial fire proof bu' ^
will be permitted hereafter construct»'»
less a special permit is granted by
after the fire, bookanj
laddcr aud hose companies were org- lMl " a
Two separate companies will al ' n " .
spirit of rivalry between the tire la< '^' o(
Not the least
unfortunate outco® 1
the ano°" Dl
Saturday morning's fire
& Smith of their intent'
ment by Caplice-----
to retire from business in Missoula.

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