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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 24, 1884, Image 1

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Volume xviii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 24, 1884.
No. 36
<fl,c lilcchiu Jij craltl
R. E.
FISK D. W FISK, A- J- FISK >
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ommunications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
«»'All
ac;e.
BY AUKREM COUCH.
"Men are but children of an older growth,"
Sant poet says. This frame—the strength shall
leave it
. , aee C reep slow and certainly on both
s nit and body, whether we believe it
' { aI1 d we are sometimes very loath
T, do so: or, consenting, inly grieve it;
Ti a when we scarcely have begun to dry oft'
The sweat of life's hot harvest day, we die off.
But there is no avoiding it, and all of us
shall find that out in time. There is one fate,
tVith many ventures, for the great and small of
us ;
And but one triumph, though it cometli late.
And when desires no longer heed the call of us
tv'ho have grown bald and lost our youthful gait;
And when our spirits fire not at the gleam of
The star of glory that we used to dream of.
tVe can live nobly and subdue the aggressor,
Old age, and deck our wrinkled brows with laurel.
M e can be young forever—the possessor
Of a good name, that poverty, death nor ill
Of any kind can age. Time, the undresser
Of names, shall be our nurse, and make our
quarrel
With fate his own ; or should the world mistrust
us,
Death's sleep cannot be broken by injustice !
Our spirits grow old when the toils and cares
Of life weigh heavy on us day by day,
(Util the strong frame shudders as it w ears
In fruitless efl'ortr-crumbling away.
The souls of the philosophers—rich heirs
Of poor contentment—may keep age at bay,
And nurse the pulse of buoyancy, and still
Be youthful as they travel down the hill.
But the tired millions—how shall they keep
youug? . ,
For them there is no beauty in the deep,
Blue, starry heavens, and the eloquent tongue
Ofnature cannot make them laugh and weep.
They have no time to think; their hearts are
wrung
With cares that have no remedy but sleep;
And they sleep and grow old—sometimes mis
taking
Their dreams, which are of labor still, for waking.
I
!
I
i
i
IN A UAKK VALLEY.
Ho dark we did not see the sun,
Ho low we felt no morning ray,
A faint blush on the mountain top
Was all that told us it was day.
No bird sang in that valley dark.
The woods were silent as could be—
The brook with fingers on its lips
Crept down to meet the sobbing sea.
Ho dark we knew not when 'twas eve,
So low we heard no curfew bells ;
The fading of the mountain blush
In silent awe the story tells.
Sorrow crept down the mountain side—
Across the wet, dead leaves she came—
We knew her as she nearer drew.
We held her hand and breathed her name.
"But where, oh Sorrow, is thy maid—
The maid called Comfort, where is she?"
"Look high above the mountain top,
The maiden surely followeth me !"
And oh, in joy we clasped our hands—
Our loneliness and grieving fled ;
Eyes wet with tears looked up and smiled—
The stars were shining overhead!
Like one who 'mid the desert sand
Findeth a wellspring cool and deep,
And gives to Allah praise and prayer,
Then falls into a gentle sleep.
We who had waited, oh, so long,
For tokens from the Upper Land,
Gave thanks—then rested through the night,
As in the hollow of His haud.
THE LITTLE HAND.
Thine is a little hand—
A tiny little hand—
But if it clasp
With timid grasp
Mine own, ah, me? I well can understand
The pressure of that little hand !
Thine is a little mouth—
A very little mouth—
But oh ! what bliss
To steal a kiss.
Sweet as the honeyed zephyrs of the south,
From that rosy little mouth !
Thine is a little heart—
A little fluttering heart—
Yet it is warm
And pure and calm
And love« me with its whole untutored art,
That palpitating little heart!
Thou art a little girl—
Only a little girl—
Yet art thou worth
The wealth of earth—
Diamond and ruby, sapphire, gold and pearl,
To me, thou blessed little girl !
-----
"THE WAY OF THE WOULD."
Laugh, and the world laughs with you ;
Weep, and you weep alone.
For the sad old earth must borrow its mirth,
But has trouble enough of its own.
*ing, and the hills will answer;
bigh, it is lost in the air.
The echoes bound to a joyous sound,
But shrink from voicing care,
Rejoice, and man will seek you;
(»neve, and they turn to go;
They want full measure of pleasure,
But they do not heed your woe.
Be glad, and your friends are many ;
lie sad, and you lose them all.
There are none who decline your neetared wine,
But alone you must drink life's gall.
reast, and your halls are crowded;
ami the world goes by.
Niceeed and give, and it helps you live,
But no man can help you die.
TL
For
But
Tin
Yot
room in the hall of pleasure
urge and lordly train :
I' by one we must all file on,
;h the narrow aisles of pain.
POOH FELLOW,
' w -trav folds of satin and lace
ell lightly over your knee,
she sat by your side, a marvel of grace,
hat every one turned to see.
. graciously gave you her fan to hold,
be smiled on you while you spoke,
listened to all the stories you told,
nu laughed at your poorest joke.
I'laiioed with you, flattered you every way,
a n were all jealous that night ;
ard in my lady's play,
ie tool of a woman's
i were only
1 she wanted to von
answered her purpi
r her sake and min
picase)
» isn't a story to tell.
spite
x and tease ;
>se well ;
ie (and yours,
if you
—London Society.
Greely Relief Expedition Found.
Washington, July 17.—The following
I telegram was received at the Navy Depart
! ment this morning ;
St. John, N. F., July 17,1884.
I Hon, Wm. Chandler, Secretary of the Navy,
Washington :
The Thetis, Bear and Lockgarry arrived
i here to-day from West Greenland. All
i well. Separated from Albert 150 miles
north during a gale at 9 p. m. June 22d,
live miles off Cape Sabine, in Smith's
Sound. The Thttis and Bear rescued alive
Lieutenant A. W. Greely, Sergeant Brain
ard, Sergeant Fredericks, Sergeant Long,
Hospital Steward Briderback, Private Con
nell, and Sergeant Ellison, the only sur
vivors of the Lady Franklin Bay expedi
tion. Sergeant Ellison had lost both hands
and feet by frost bite, and died July 6th
at God Haven three days after amputation,
which had become imperative. Seventeen
of the twenty-five persons composing the
expedition perished by starvation at the
point where found. One was drowned
while sealing to procure food. Twelve
bodies of the dead were rescued, and are
now on board the Thetis and Bear.
One Eskimo Turrenik was bnried at
Disco in accordance with the desire of the
Inspector of Western Greenland. The five
bodies buried in the ice near the camp
were swept away to sea by wind and cur
rents before my arrival and could not be
recovered. Their dates of death are as fol
lows: Sergeant Cross, January 1, 1884;
Wederick Eskimo, April 5; Sergeant Linn,
April 6; Lieut. Lockwood, April 9; Sergt.
Jewell,April 13; Private Ellis,May 19; Sergt.
Ralston, May 23d ; Priv't Henry, June 6 ;
Private Bender, June 4 ; Assistant Surgeon
Pavy, June 6; Sergeant Gardner, June 12.
Drowned by breaking through newly
formed |ice while sealing, Jens Edwards,
(Eskimo), April 24. I would urgently sug
gest that the bodies now on board be placed
in metallic cases for safer and better trans
portation in a seaway. This seems to me
imperative. Greely abandoned Fort Con
ger August 9th. 1883 and reached Baird
inlet September 29, following, with the
entire party. He abandoned all his boats
and was adrift thirty days on a ice floe in
Smith's Sound. His permanent camp was
established October 21st, 1883, at a point
where he was found during nine months.
His party had to live upon a scant allow
ance of food, brought from Fort Conger,
that was caught at Payer Harbor and Cape
Isabella by Sir George Nares in 1875, but
fonnd much damaged by the lapse of time.
Of that caught by Beebe at Cape Sabine in
1882 a small amount was saved from the
wreck of the Proteus in 1884 and landed
by L. P. Garlington and Colwell on the
beach near where Greely's party was
found. When these provisions "were con
sumed the party was forced to live upon
boiled sealskin, stripped from their sealskin
clothing, and lichens and shrimps, caught
in good weather, when they were strong
enough to make the exertions, as it took
1,300 shrimps to fill a gallon m^asur • .
The labor exhaustive
The labor was too exhaustive to uept-nu
upon them to sustain life entirely. The
channel between Cape Sabine and Little
ton Island did not close on acconnt of
violent gales all winter, so tkat the 240
rations at the latter point could not be
reached. All of Greely's records and all
the instruments brought by him from Fort
Conger have been recovered and are on
board. From Hare Island to Smith's
Sound I had a constant and furious strug
gle with the ice. Solid barracks were
overcome by watchfulness and patience.
No opportunity to advance a mile escaped
me, and for several hundred miles the
ships were forced to run their way from
lead to lead through ice varying in thick
ness from three to six feet. The Thetis
and Bear reached Cape York June 18th,
after passing twenty-one days in Melville
Bay.
Lieut. Emery with the Bear has sup
ported me throughout with great skilfull
ness and unflinching readiness in accomp
lishing the great duty of relieving the
Greely party.
The Greely party are very much im
proved since their rescue, but they were
critical in the extreme when fonnd and for
several days after. Sixty-eight hours de
lay in reaching them would have been fa
tal to all now living.
The season north is late and the closest
for years. Smith Sound was not open when
I left Cape Sabine. The winter about
Melville bay was the most severe for twen
ty years.
W. S. SCHLEY", Commander.
FROM LIEUT. GREELY'S REPORT.
Washington, July 17.—Gen. Hazen,
chief signal officer, has received the fol
lowing telegram:
St. Johns, N. F., July 17.
For the first time in three centuries Eng
land yields the honor of the furthest north
west voyage. Lieut. Lockwood and Segt.
Brainard on May 13th reached Lockwood
Island in lat, 83 deg. 24 min., long. 44, 58.
They saw from 2,000 feet elevation no laud
north or northwest, but to the northeast
Greenland yet extended, and finally lost to
view in Cape Robert Lincoln, lat. 83, 5
min., 35 sec. Lieut. Lockwood was turned
back in 1883 by open water on the
North Greenland shore, after many trials,
the party escaping to drift into the Polar
ocean. Dr. Paveyin 1882. In the follow
ing Markham route was adrift one day in
the Polar ocean north of Cape Joseph
Henry and escaped to land, abandoning
nearly evendhing. In 1882 I made a
spring, and later, summer trips into the
interior of Grinuell land, discovering Lake
Hazen, about 60 by 100 miles in extent,
which is fed by Ice Cape of north Grinnell
land, drains Ruggles river and Weyprecht
fiord into Connybcare bay and Anchor
fiord. From the summit of Mount Arthur
(5,000 feet) the contour of the laud west of
the Conger mountains convinced me that
Grinnell land trends directly south from
Lieutenant Aldrich's farthest in 18(6. In
1883 Lieutenant Lockwood and Sergeant
Brainerd succeeded in crossing Grinnell
land, and ni ety miles from Bear Aleaux
Bay, at the head of Anchor fiord, struck j
the* head of a fiord from the western sea—
temporarily named by Lockwood Greely
fiord. From the center of the fiord
in lat. 80 min. 30 sec., long. 78 min. 30
sec. Lieut. Lockwood saw that the north
ern shore terminated some twenty miles
west and the southern shore extended
some fifty miles, with Cap^ Lockwood
about seventy miles distant It was ap
parently the same land they saw from
Grinnell Land. They have named the new
land Arthur. Lient. Lockwood followed
the same and returned to Ice cape which
averages about 150 feet perpendic
ularly. In March, 1884, Sergeant
Long, while hunting, looked from
northwest side of Mount Carey to Hayes
Sound, seeing on the northern coast three
capes westward of the furthest seen by
Nares in 1876. The sound extends twenty
miles further west than shown by the En
gel Land chart, but is possibly shut in by
land which showed across the western end.
The two years of station duties, observa
tions, all explorations and the retreat to
Cape Sabin were accomplished without
loss of life, disease, serious accident, or
even seriousj froste bit. No scurvy was
experienced at Congor, but one death oc
curred from it last winter.
[Signed.] Greely, Commanding.
A second dispatch from Lieut. Greely is
as follows :
St. Johns, July 17.
Chief Signal Officer, Washington:
Brainerd, Bierberbick, Connell, Freder
icks Long and myself, sole survivors, ar
rived to-day, having been rescued at the
point of death from starvation by the relief
ships Thetis and Bear, June 22d, at Camp
Clay, northwest of Cape Sabin. All are
now in good health, but weak. Sergeant
Elison, rescued, died July 8th. Crose died
last Saturday, Christonsen, Rice, Lock
wood, Jewett and Edwards in April, Ellis,
Weston, Whistler and Israel in >Iay, Kes
lingburg, Saleor, Henry, Bender, Pavey,
Gardiner and Schneider in June. We
abandoned Fort Conger August 9th.
Abandoned Steam Launch September 11th.
Eleven miles northeast of Cocked Hat
Island, when on the point of landing,
were driven by southwesters into Kane's
sea, and finally landed September 29th in
Baird inlet. Learning by scouting parties of
the Porteus disaster and that no provisions
had been left for us from Cape Isabella
to Sabin. Moved and established winter
quarters halfway between Sabin and Cock
hat. An inventory showed that the daily
rations were four and one-third ounces of
meat, seven ounces of bread and dog bis
cuits, and four ounces of miscellaneous
food. The party w ould have ten days'
full rations left for crossing Smith's Sound
to Littleton Island. Unfortunatety Smith
Sound remained open the entire winter,
rendering crossing impracticable. Game
failed despite daily hunting. From early
in February (before the sun returned) only
five hundred pounds of meat were obtained
this year. Minute seaweed, sassafras, rock
lichens, and sealskin were resorted to for
food, with results as shown by the number
of survivors. The last regular food was
issued May 14th. Only 150 pounds of meat
left by Martington. They were compelled
in November to send four men to obtain
144 pounds of English meat at Isabella.
During the trip Ellison froze his hands
and feet solid and lost them all, surviving,
however, through our terrible winter and
spring until July 8th. The survivors owe
their lives to the indomitable energy of
Capt. Schley and Lieut. Emery, who pre
ceded by three and accompanied by five
whalers, forced their vessel from upper
Navik through Melville bay into the north
water at Cape York. They gained a yard
whenever possible and always held it.
management
1
Smith Sound was cropped and the party
meueu during one oc the most vioitui
gales that had ever been known.
The boats were handled only at
the imminent risk of swamping them.
Four of thus were then unable to walk
and could not have survived exceeding
twenty-four hours. Every care and atten
tion was given us. We save and bring
back copies of meteorological, tidal, astro
nomical, magnetic, pendulum and other
odservations; also pendulum, gale and
standard thermometers. Forty-eight pho
tographic negatives, a collection of black
and photographic proofs of Esquimaux
relics and some other things were neces
sarily abandoned. The Thetis will remain
here probably for five days.
[Signed] Greely, Commanding.
The following dispatches were sent to
Lieut. Greely to-day :
Signal Service, July 17, 1884.
Lieut. A. IF. Greely, St. Johns:
Our hearts are overflowing with glad
ness and thanks to God for your safety
and in sadness for those who without fault
of yours are dead. Your family are well
and in San Diego.
[Signed] W. B. Hazen.
Lieut. Greely, St, Johns:
Your dispatches are most satisfactory,
and show your expeditton to have been in
the highest degree successful in every re
spect. This fact is not affected by disas
ter later.
[Signed] W. B. Hazen.
chandler's answer.
West Point, N. Y., July 17.—The fol
lowing dispatch was forwarded by Secre
tary Chandler to Commander *W. S.
Schley, St. Johns, N. F. ;
Receive my congratulations for your
self and your whole command for your
prudence, perseverance and courage in
reaching our dead and dying countrymen.
The hearts of the American people go out
with great affection to Lieutenant Greely
and the few survivors of his deadly peril.
Care for them unremittingly and bid them
be cheerful and hopeful on account of
what life has in store for them. Preserve
tenderly the remains of the heroic dead.
Prepare them according to your judgment
and bring them home.
[Signed.] W. E. Chandler,
Secretary of the Navy.
KENNEN S VIEWS OF TnE EXPEDITION.
Washington, July 17.—George Ken
nen, of this city, a well known Arctic tra
veler and author, who has taken an active
interest in the recent attempt to relieve
Lieutenant Greely's party, and who went
before the Arctic Relief Board last spring
to urge the offering of such a reward as
would secure the co operation of whalers
in the search, was asked by an Associated
Press reporter to-night what lie thought of
the news received from St, Johns. He re
plied: "It is a story of remarkable and
heropc achievement in the field clouded by
disaster due to incompetence iu Washing
ton. If Lieutenant Greely and his party
had all returned in safety to the United
States, as they might have done had they%
been properly supported, their Arctic rec
ord, in the point of skillful
and success would have
been unparalleled. No other Arctic expe
ditiou has ever spent two consecutive win
ters and part of the third in such high lat
itudes, and achieved such results without
casualities or a single case of serious sick
ness. If Lieut. Greely had found at South
Smith Sound shelter and food, which he
had the right to expect, he would proba
bly have brought his entire party back to
the United States in perfect health, after
three winters in the highest northern lati
tude that has eyer been reached, and after
a series of sledging campaigns which for
boldness and skillful execution have rare
ly if ever been equaled."
"Could the disaster which befel his par
ty have been averted with the knowledge
available at the time the relief expedition
was fitted out?"
"Unquestionably; that is the pity of it
It doubles the grief which is mostly felt in
the fact that such a terrible catastrophe to
think that two ships in successive years,
and probably a third, were iu a position to
land stores which would have saved the
lives of 18 dead men. Beebe, in '62, an
chored in Prayer Harbor, just north of
Cape Sabin, with a ship full of stores,
Garlington next summer anchored in the
same place, also with ships full of stores,
and a few days later Yantic, with four
months provisions on board, was only 30
miles away. Any one of these three ships
might have landed stores enough exactly
where Greely afterwards made his winter
camp to have carried that brave party
through, but their commanding officers
were not ordered to do so, and they did
not think of it.
"Wen? the Greely movements those
which it was anticipated he would make?"
"They were precisely such as I antici
pated. It was thought at the signal office
that he would remain at his station until
September 1st, but as I pointed out in a
letter to the New York herald on the 17th
of last September, if he remained until
September 1st he could not get away at all
that year on account of the impracticabili
ty of sledging operations along that coast
in the fall. 1 therefore thought he would
abandon his station in July or August and
come down to the mouth of Smith's Sound
in boats, as he was in fact doing at the
very time my letter was written. It was
of course a terrible hardship and disap
pointment to him when he failed to find
shelter and food where he expected. But
the party seems to have faced the terrors
of an Arctic winter without shelter, fire or
adequate food, in the most heroic way and
to ha^e held out to the last with
unflinching courage and tenacity.
If a few huncred more rations could have
been savtd from the wreck they would
have earned the whole party through. All
but one of the dead perished last spring
after the 4th of April.
"How important are the discoveries made
by Lieutenant Greely?"
"From the point of view of an Arctic
geographer they are of first-class import
ance. Lieutenant Greely has not only
taken away from Commander Markham,
of the British navy, the blue ribbon of
Arctic discovery for the highest latitude
ever attained in any part of the world, but
he has greatly extended the limits of explo
ration both in Greenland and in Grinnell
land. The fact that two of Greely's sledge
parties were stopped by open water in the
Polar sea, and that both were at times
adrift in strong currents which threatened
to carry them hopelessly away northward,
would seem to show that the Polar basin
is not the solid sea of immovable ice which
Nares described, and which he said was
never navigable."
Lieutenant Greely's explorations extend
ed over three degrees of latitude and near
ly forty of longitude. He has virtually
ascertained the true outline of Grinnell
Land, has crossed it from east to west,
and on the northern coast has gone one
degree of latitude and ten of longtitude
beyond the farthest point reached by
Captain Nares or the accomplished sledg
mgofficer, Lieutenant Beaumont. These
achievements alone reflect the highest
credit upon Lieutenant Greely and his
men, but there must of course be added
the great mass of scientific knowledge
gathered by the party during their two
years at Lady Franklin Bay.
NO MOKE ARCTIC RESEARCHES.
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., July 17.—Sec
retary Chandler was found at West Point
this evening reading dispatches from the
acting Secretary at Washington relative to
the Greely rescue, and said: "I have in
accordance with the suggestions made by
Commander Schley in his dispatch issued
instructions to have the remains of the
dead preserved, and the whole party will
come home soon. "
When asked if there would be any more
Arctic researches, Mr. Chandler said:
"No; I don't desire to enter into that
matter at this time."
Dispatches have been coming to the
Secretary all afternoon congratulating him
upon the success of the expedition, and in
company with a few friends he has been
busy perusing them.
New Story About Blaine.
[San Francisco Post.]
It was the custom of Mr. Blaine, while
Speaker of the House, to walk from his
residence on Fifteenth street, near I, in
Washington, to the capitol, a morning
constitutional of say a mile and a half.
He always took the same route, which was
naturally along the quietest and least
office-hunter frequented streets.
One morning, in the winter of 1875, the
writer was plodding along through a heavy
fall of snow in one of the most deserted
thoroughfares of the town, when he ob
served the tall form of the Speaker a short
distance ahead. The feathery snow pre
vented the footsteps of either being heard.
As the writer reached a corner around
which Mr. Blaine had turned he saw that
the latter had stopped, suddenly transfixed
by a scene on the other side of the way.
Outside the closed door of a one-story
frame house stood a sorrowful group
enough. A woman of about forty, attired
in the weeds of a widow, was sobbing
bitterly on the shoulder of a little girl, who
strove in vain to comfort her. Three
other small children, with wet eye^ and
sorrow stricken faces, stared wistfully at
their late home, while a meagre array of
boxes and utensils piled on the pavement
completed the self-evident story. The
poor family had just been turned into the
street by some pitiless landlord. Pausing
just long enough to take in the picture,
Blaine strode impatiently across the street,
and, without a word, began fumbling
around the lock of the door.
"You can't open it, sir," said the shiver
ing little girl. "The man locked it and
wen J away."
Without a word, the statesman walked
rapidly away. When a short distance
down the street he turned and said
brusquely :
"No such thing. The key is in the door.
I saw it myself."
In astonishment, one of the children ran
to the door and cried :
"Mamma, it isn't here at all. There's
nothing but a piece of paper. See !"
And the poor woman took and untwisted
a hundred dollar greenback.
Washington, July 16.—The Treasury
Department to-day issued warrants for the
payment of $9,000,000 on account of pen
sions.
Independents of Pennsylvania to the
Independents of New York.
We give entire the letter of the Pennsyl
vania Independents, including Mitchell,
Hoyt, Wolf, Barker and a hundred others
of the most prominent men who have
shown just as much independence and
have just as much conscience and culture
as the Independents of New York and Bos
ton. Good reasons and good advice appear in
very suitable apparel and every man in the
country can read the letter with profit.
The nomination of Blaine has united the
Republicans of Pennsylvania, and we ex
pect to see a strong 100,000 majority for
him in November :
JULY 11, 1884.—The undersigned Re
publicans of Pennsylvania, relying for the
proof of the earnestness of their convictions
upon acts of independence, which in 1881
and in 1882 received the support of 50,
000 voters, venture to present some con
siderations to those Republicans of other
States who may be in doubt as to their
duty with reference to the nominations
made by the National convention.
In order that the views of those who
advocate the right of separate and inde
pendent political action should have weight
with their fellow men, it is important that
this right should only be invoked in cases
of well-ascertained necessity. They who
take an interest in watching the political
fold become wearied with the cry of "wolf,"
if it be uttered lightly or with too much
frequency. The greatest wrong of which
the Independents have had in the past to
complain has been the use of the party
machinery in such a way as to thwart the
w ishes of the people. Time and again has
the public preference been set aside by
men who were able to manipulate conven
tions and to utilize the various devices
known to the skilled politician. The Ind(
pendents of Pennsylvania have felt that
they could justify their action in opposing
a nomination, even for so high an office as
that of Governor of the State, if able to
show plainly that it was the outcome of
the schemes of the few, successful at the
expense of the many. To a great extent
THIS WRONG HAS BEEN REMEDIED,
and very largely through their exertions.
By the overthrow of the unit rule and the
establishment of district representation, it
became possible to held a national conven
tion that was representative iu the true sense.
The expression of the will of the members
of the Republican party, and they were
enabled to express their will because of
the exertions of the Independents, has re
sulted in the nomination of Mr. Blaine.
It cannot be gainsaid that Mr. Blaine is
the choice of the masses of the dominant
party of the United States, and that the
late convention, better than most of its
predecessors, gave heed to the demands of
its constituents. It is evidence of the
personal strength of Mr. Blaine that his
support came from the farthest east and
the farthest west—from Iowa, with "her
agriculturists, and from Pennsylvania, with
her manufacturers—and in these widely
separated localities with their diverse in
terests, were exceptionally earnest and en
thusiastic. To oppose his election would
then seem to be an attack upon the result
of independent work. It would seem to
be an acceptance of the theory against
which we have been contending that the
few are more entitled to consideration than
the many, and to differ from the principle
and practice of the machine men mainly
in respect to the jiersonality of the indi
viduals who participate in the effort. It
assumes a very assailable, if not indefensi
ble position, in that it enables opponents
to charge that Independents are never con
tent unless their own preferences as to can
didates have been successful. Such
on opposition would not only be difficult
to defend upon theory, bat would, we con
ceive, be most disastrous in its results,
since it involves the proposition of surren
dering the control of the country to the
Democracy, a party which has been on the
wrong side of every important question
settled in the most eventful period of
American history, and which has to look
back to the time of Jackson for its achieve
ments, to the time of Jefferson for its
vitues. The annals of human affairs show
no instance of reformers relying for sup
port of their measures upon an organiza
tion which has exhibited such extreme
conservatism.
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
Even if it be true that Mr. Blaine has
not been a pronounced advocate of "Civil
Service Reform." that cause has, in our
judgment, fer more to hope from the Re
publican party, which has embodied the
principle in its platform, than from the
Democrats, who are avowedly hostile to it,
who dismissed to private life its Democrat
ic sponsor in the Senate, and who are eag
erly awaiting a distribution of party awards.
We believe, further, that it would be more
reasonable to expect support for this meas
ure from a man with the vigor and intelli
gence of Mr. Blaine than from any nomi
nee of the Democrats, who, if he should be
elected and make an effort in its favor,
would have the whole strength of his par
ty used against him.
Nor would such an opposition be justi
fied, by the fact that charges are made
against Mr. Blaine which those who make
them say affect his personal integrity. That
he must be defended may, perhaps, be a
good argument against a nomination, but
it certainly has no relevancy at this time.
If it should be established that a man
ought no to be elected to the Presidency
because accusations have been made against
him, the ablest men would be always ex
cluded. In the heat of contest these ac
cusations spring up and luxuriate. They !
are like the parasitic plants that cover an I
oak, but live on air and need no roots. It ;
should not be forgotten that these charges j
have been met by the State of Maine, j
which has since elected him to the Senate ; |
by Garfield, who made him Secretary of j
State, and by the great party which has
chosen him for the Presidency. Every pre
sumption is in favor of a man who has
been so trusted, and, to have weight, it is
not enough that such charges should he !
made ; they must be conclusively proven.
If the "Jingoism" of Mr. Blaine means
no more than is asserted in the Pall
Mall Gazette, which says: "But wherever
he can he will oust us from the position
we hold ; wherever an opportunity öfters
he will use it to the uttermost to replace 1
our influence and our trade by the influ- i
ence and trade of the United States, and
he will regard it as his chief object to pro- ;
mote the great American Confederacy un
der the ægis of the government at Wash
ington, which would tend to increase the
export trade of the United States at the
expense of Great Britain," that epithet,
borrowed from English politics, will have
no terror for an American.
To him who says that he cannot support
Mr. Blaine because of conscience, there is
nothing to be answered, since he stands
upon a ground beyond the reach of argu
ment, he assn mes, however,
A GREAT RESPONSIBILITY,
and we ask him to take good heed as to
his steps. W T e suggest to him that there
may be a merit in the self-discipline which
permits the people to have their own way,
because even if our lives be cleaner and
our judgments better than theirs, there is
still a possibility that our information is
incorrect or our conclusions from it erro
neous. W'e appeal to him, if he live in
Massachusetts, uot to mistake for conscience
the resentment he may feel for sharp words
spoken yeais ago, and which broad-minded
men have forgotten, and if he live in New
York that he see to it that his conscience
does not conceal his approval of certain
English views upon the subject of political
economy. We in Pennsylvania see no
reason to strike at so distinguished and
able a Republican. We perceive no merit
and no wisdom in hurrying into an alliance
which necessarily includes the most cor
rupt elements iu American politics. W r e
decline to form a league with men who
always opposed the measures we held to
be of the most importance, who now re
ject the reforms which we regard as essen
tial, and who still cling to those means of
stifling minorities which Republicans have
discarded as unworthy. We feel that
whether or not Mr. Blaine was our choice
for the nomination, his election will best
serve the interests of the people, and to
defeat him would be to aid in the restora
tion of "machine" methods, and to entrust
with general power a party which bas
given every evidence of inability to exer
cise it in such a way as to promote the
common welfare.
Colored Race at the South.
[Louisville Courier-Journal.]
"What is now the condition of the color
ed people of the South ?" asked a reporter.
"I have had an opportunity to see the
colored people in all the Southern States,
and am prepared to state that their condi
tion is progressing rapidly for the better
everywhere. In the towns and cities they
are buying property as fast as tifeir means
will admit, and are availing themselves of
school privileges whenever the opportunity
is presented. Many of the old customs of
slavery are being abolished, and are rapidly
passing away. The evidences of progress
are especially noticeable among the women.
The old head handkerchiefs are being dis
carded,and a taste for more appropriate and
fashionable dressing are being developed.
There is scarcely a colored house in the
South that has not pictures hung upon the
wall, and on the table are books in ac
cordance with the taste of the owners. It
is quite a common thing to see lives of
Lincoln and Douglas in houses where one
would hardly expect to see money invested
in that way. The colored people are es
pecially hopeful, as they have been, of
working out the colored problem in the
South and from present appearances, with
the growing opportunities the South will
develop the highest standard of negro
civilization, because the avenues to wealth
and prosperity are broader in the South
than any other part. There is still a little
friction between the races, but it is rapidly
passing away, and, outside of politics, the
best of feeling exists between them.
"My view on the political situation is
that when the Southern people become
politically more tolerant, and accord the
negro that which he is justly entitled to
according to numbers, the rising genera
tion, with the advantages of education and
knowledge, will work in fellowship politi
cally with the Southern people, because
their interests are the same. I regard the
present condition of things—that is, the
colored people of the South looking to the
white people of the North for sympathy
and support—as being unnatural and will
not always exist. Whatever is to be the
interest of one class, whether free trade
or protection, is to the interests of the
other, and the Southern people will have
their opinions regulated by the interests of
the South. As for myself, I believe that
free trade is decidedly to the best interests
of the colored people, but they have been
taught to regard the Democrats as their
enemies, and among the ignorant the men
tion of a Democratic doctrine is enough to
insure their voting against it. They will
learn eventually, as they become more
educated, that the tariff is working them
an injury, and will be guided accordingly.
In the South the white people do not have
much objection to social equality, but do
not want political equality with the color
ed men. In the North this is decidedly
the reverse. They will be regulated by
the negro himself proving his capacity for
self government and enlightened citizen
ship."
A Republican Senate.
[New York World,]
The Republicans have at present a ma
jority of four votes, practically, in the
United States Senate. There are 38 Re
publican Senators and 2 Readjusters who
are "Republicans of Republicans," against
36 Democrats.
The terms of 25 of the present Senators
expire on the 3d of March next year. Four
teen of the retiring members are Demo
crats and eleven Republicans. The suc
cessors to five of them have already been
elected. Mr. Allisou, of Iosva, has been j
chosen for another term. He is a Repub
lican. Williams, of Kentucky; Jouas, of
Louisiana, and Pendleton, of Ohio, all
Democrats, have Democratic successors, i
Mr. Slater, of Oregon, gives way to a Re- j
publican.
Of the other retiring Republicans, Hill, j
of Colorado ; Platt, of Connecticut ; Lo
gan, of Illinois : Ingalls, of Kansas ; Jones,
of Nevada ; Blair, of New Hampshire : |
Cameron, of Pennsylvania; Morrill, of j
Vermont, and Cameron, of Wisconsin, will ;
most probably have Republican successors.
There is a possibility that Lapharn, of New
York, might be succeeded by a Democrat, j
but the Republicans already have the State
Senate by six majority.
Of the fourteen retiring Democrats, one j
has already given way to a Republican, in
suring that party, if there should be co
other changes, a Senatorial majority of six j
in the next Congress.
So the Senate is almost certain to have a :
Republican majority during the first two
years of the next President's term.
CURTIS ARRAIGNED.
Analysis of "Independent" Logic by
One Who Knows.
That veteran journalist and reformer,
Oliver Johnson, states the case against
George \\ illiam Curtis and his boltiug as
sociates with singular fairness and cogency
ma letter to the New York Tribune. He
says :
Among the Independents, as they tall
themselves, are mauy gentlemen whom 1
am proud to call my personal frieuds and
whose love of country and desire for good
government cannot be questioned. Fmd
iug mysell at odds with such men iu the
present campaign, I am constrained to ex
amine with care the grouud upon which I
stand, and consider the reasons they oiler
for seeking the defeat of the Republican
ticket, as well as the reasons they adopt
lor accomplishing their purpose. I sym
pathized heartily with them iu their desire
to nominate Edmunds; but iu their pres
ent attitude of open hostility to the Re
publican party as hopelessly corrupt, and
iu their proffers of assistance to the Dem
ocratic party upon certam well understood
conditions, I am constrained alike by con
science and reason to antagonize them. I
have studied the subject as carefully as I
know how to do, in the light which the
experience of a long life affords ; and I am
compelled in all frankness to say that their
action presents a spectacle as grotesque as
anything that I can remember in the his
tory of American politics. If their atti
tude was simply that of men displeased
with the Republican ticket and platform,
and scrupulous of suppoiting them, I
should think them entitled to the utmost
respect and deference. But when their
disappointment or even their disgust, if
they tike that word better, induces them
to turn to the Democratic party for t jnso
lation, and to ally themselves with that
party in order to defeat their own, 1 must
thmk their course inconsistent, undignified
aud irrational, the result uot of sound
judgment, but of personal and party
passion.
Admitting even that the Republican
party has made a mistake in the selection
ol its candidates, what is the Democratic
party, that the Independents should ap
proach it with seductive pleadings and
proffers of support. Mr. Curtis, in one of
his speeches at Chicago, has given us a por
trait ol that party, the accuracy of which
cannot be disputed :
"We are confronted with the Democratic
party, very hungry, and as you may well
uelieve, very thirsty ; a party without a
single definite principle, a party without
any distinct national policy which it dares
present to the country ; a party which fell
lrom power as a conspiracy against human
rights, and now attempts to sneak back to
power as a conspiracy for plunder and
spoils."
who would have believed, when these
words fell from Mr. Curtis's lips, that he
aud his associates, in a week's time, would
be seen proffering their ballots to aid this
party this "conspiracy for plunder and
spoils"—in gaining control of the National
Government. But it will be said : "They
proiler their votes only for a good man. '
A good mao, forsooth ! A man who, dur
ing his whole political life, has been iden
tified, and is identified still, with the party
which Mr. Curtis says is "a conspiracy for
plunder and spoils !" What business can a
good man have in such a party, or what
hope of changing its nature and objects by
getting himself elected to the presidency?
What would he or could he be in office but
the creature of the party to which by
natural affinity, he belongs? And what
are his professions of reform worth so long
as he remains a member of such a party,
enslaved by its habits, its traditions and its
spirit ? Have the Independents made the
wonderful discovery that grapes ar
gathered of thorns and figs of thistles?
Does the worst party produce the best can
didate? And of what avail will lie all Mr.
Cleveland's good professions when he once
finds himself in his little canoe whirling
around in the boiling surges of Democratic
politics in Washington, the centre of "a
conspiracy for plumier and spoils?" Should
men who wish to reform the church enter
into partnership with the devil ?
Sensible Conclusion.
[Sacramento (Cal.) Record-Union.J
Men very often during election times,
especially Presidential, make some very
reckless wagers, and do some exceedingly
foolish things. On the day before the
Presidential election in 1864, when Lincoln
and McClellan were opposing candidates,
William Baker, a wealthy Missouri farmer,
was in St. Louis. He was a strong Demo
crat and an ardent admirer of "Little Mac."
He bet several thousand dollars on the
election, and when he could get no more
bets he called for a Notary Republic, and
in the presence of a number of friends and
neighbors took a solemn oath that he
would never wear a hat until a Democrat
was elected President. In consequence of
that foolish oath he has been going bare
headed for the past twenty years. At each
recurring election he would work and
pray for the Democracy to win, and when
the news would come that the Republicans
were victorious, he would remark : "Well,
I will wear a hat after the uext election."
Several years since he came to California,
and settled in this county. His constantly
being without a hat whether at home or in
the city, rain or shine, made him an object
of curiosity, and his eccentricity was re
marked upon by strangers and others in
ways very annoying to his family. Last
Friday one of his sons was in the city, aud
returning to the ranch he informed his
aged father of the result of the Chicago
Convention. The news almost paralyzed
the old gentleman. He exclaim*.. : "What
did you say—Blaine and Logan, too? This
is too much. There is no longer any hope
for the old man. Hitch up the mare—go
to the city and buy your old father a hat.
If any one asks you what's the matter
with me. tell them the old man says he
has beeu making a d—d fool of himself for
twenty years, and now* he is going to wear
a hat aud vote for Blaine."
Cholera Rags.
Washington, July 16. —The Treasury
Department has been informed by one of
its agents on the Canadian border that
paper rags, supposed to have been collected
in the cholera infected districts of Egypt,
Turkey and Southern France, are being im
ported into the United States through
Canadian ports. They are described as ol'
low grade and likely to contain disease. A
large lot "was recently shipped to this coun
try from Liverpool.

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