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"T" n % m ÇW I1IÜ1 '£4 WM '* *% n tN U *ci Volume xviii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 31, 1884. advance)..................* I|c ijjficttlîi J^cralil E. FISK D. W FISK, A J- NSK, Publishers und Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: Otic Year, (in advance)---..............'................\> m Four all eases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: ( s t v Subscribers.delivered by earrier.Sl 50 a month Om- Year, by mail, (in *1- 00 m, Months, by mail, in advance)... .......... 6 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... •* 00 «a-All communications should be addressedto *» A FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. 5NT ROSPECTION. n ve vou sent her back her letters ? have you Ha iiven her back her rin«? „, v ; v(lU tried to forget the haunting songs that H vou loved to hear her smg? «ave vou cursed the day you met her first. * thanked god that you were free, 1 «aid in your inmost heart, as you thought, An< . she n ever was dear to me? „ ,, ' CJi «t her off, your pride is touched, you '" fancy that all is done, . That for you the world is bright again, and 1 bravely shines the sun. Vou have washed yonr hands of passion ; you * have whistled her down the wind. 0 Toni, old friend, this goes before, the sharpest comes liehind ! Yes the sharpest is yet to come, for love is a plant that never dies; Its roots are deep as the earth itself ; its branches wide as the skies, Ynd wherever once it has taken hold, it flouishes evermore, . Bearing a fruit that is fair outside, but bitter ashes at core. „ . . , Igee that you marvel greatly, Tom, to hear such words from me, But. if you knew my inmost heart, twould be no mystery. Experience is bitter, but its teachings we retain ; It lu» taught me this, who once has loved, loves never on earth again ! inil I. too, have my closet, with a ghastly form Inside— , The skeleton of a perished love, killed by a cruel pride. ,,, 1 sit by the fire at evening, as you will some tinie» sec And watch in the roseate half light, the ghosts of happiness flit; I, too, awake at midnight, and stretch my arms to enfold . A vague and shadowy image, with tresses or brown and gold ; ... Eii>erienee Is bitter, indeed—I have learned at a heavy cost , The secret of love's persistency; I, too, have loved and lost ! NIGHT. Fair is the wedded reign of night and day, Kach rules half of earth with different sway, KxcLianging kingdoms, east and west, Hlway. I ike the round pearl that Egy|4 drank in wine, The sun half sinks in the brimming, rosy hrine; The wild night drinks all up. How her eyes shine ! Now the swift sail of straining light is furled. And through the stillness of mv soul is whirled The throbbing of the hearts of half the world. 1 hear the cries that follow birth and death ; 1 hear huge pestilence draw his vaporous breath, , "Beware, prepare, or else ye die !" he saith. 1 hear a haggard turn and sigh ; 1 hear men begging heaven to let them die ; And, drowning all, a wild-eyed woman's cry. So night takes toll of wisdom as of sin. The student's and the drunkard's cheek is tlnn ! But flesh is not ttie prize we strive to win. Now airy swarms of fluttering dreams descend On souls, like birds on trees, and have no end. 0, God ! from vulture dreams my soul defend Let fall on her rose-leaf rain of dreams. All passionate sweet as are the loving beams Of starlight on the glimmering woods and streams. THE FALLT OF THE AGE. BY ELLA W HEELER. The fault of the age is a mad endeavor To leap to the heights that were made to climb; By a burst of strength or a thought that is clever We plan to outwit and forestall Time. We scorn to wait for the thing worth having ; We want high noon at the day's dim dawn ; We find no pleasure in toiling and saving As our forefathers did in the good times gone. We force our roses before their season To bloom and blossom that we may wear; And then we wonder and ask the reason Why perfect buds are so few and rare. We crave the grain, hut despise the getting; We want wealth, not as reward, but dower ! And the strength that is wasted in useless fret ting Would fell a forest or build a tower. To covet the prize, yet to shrink from the win ning : To thirst for glory, yet fear the fight— Why, what can It lead to at last but sinning, To mental languor and moral blight? Better the old slow way of striving Ami counting small gains when the year is done, Than to use our forces all in contriving And to grasp for the pleasures we have not won, WRITTEN for an autograph ALBUM BY A BANKER. My dear, get out your polonaise. And weep for my moustache ; Get all the lioodle you can raise. Your bonds turn into cash. Your hubby's got to jump the town, lie's busted up his bank ; So. deary, fix a quiet gown. Befitting to his rank. I made a turn the other day Of million dollars four; My house and lot and new coupe Are unto you made o'er. For I must unto Europe sail. Or els« 1 , my dearest love, They'll have your own shut tip in jail. And maybe sent above. So meet me at the doek, my sweet— The steamer sails at eight; Beware the cop-let on the street! Resign thee to thy fate. the country editor. 1 saw him at his font As he sat upon his stool, And he smiled on the boys. As we passed along to school ! Grinning, Winning, Happy with the type and rule. He could clip, he could paste," He could write a leader fine. And set it up in style While he cuts a nionkeyshine * For the Itoys, Full of noise, Happy tying type with twine. He could run a Sunday school, Standing high upon a chair— lie wasn't tall enough Till he cot tip in the air— Oft' like a gun. Bubbling with fun. Happy with the children there. 1 saw him as lie grasped. ri' Vi . th hi . s honeht k r 'P and kind, The hands of all the boys As they left new Helds to find, And his smile Is the while Ever in their lives entwined. The Letter of Acceptance. [Inter-Ocean. We publish elsewhere Mr. Blaine's letter ; ol' acceptance. It appears to us to be the ablest, most explicit, inlluential, and thor ; oughly wise document ever addressed to a ! nominating committee as a letter of ac i ceptance. The history not only of the two 1 pending political parties, but, in an eco nomical aspect, of the Nation, is condensed I in it. Amply as we were satisfied with the i Republican platform to which this is a re 1 sponse, it must be said that the letter of ! acceptance at once embodies and super sedes the platform. Upon this letter alone the campaign can be fought. On this we rest. Our case is made out. The argument it makes for protection, all the more effective because not put into the form of argument, stands in relation to i the predictions of Hamilton and Gallatin i in the early days of the Republic as fulfill ) ment to prophecy—as demonstration to I hypothesis. Then the great results capa ble of being won from destiny by the policy of vigorous protection to home in dustry was believed in, though seen as through a glass, darkly. Now they are proudly pointed to because we are face to face with them. Mr. Blaine's letter is not merely lumi nous ; it is a flood of golden sunshine ; it is life radiant, health exuberant, hope triumphant, vigor made self-conscious. Every man who reads it carefully will feel inspired by it. Every man who is politi cally sick or infirm and is worthy to re cover will find health in it. The calm splendor of the rising day drives before it all enemies by the simple power of light. So, Mr. Blaine's letter comes with the serene and silent power of sunrise. The issues it presents had in some degree often before been presented, but here they are converted into daylight. Other men have urged the tariff question. Mr. Blaine is irresistible without urgency. Wherever this letter of acceptance shall lie read, calumny will make haste to break its poisoned arrows and sink their frag ments in oblivion's stream. Men who have not previously felt that they have known Blaine will now feel that they have con versed with him under the shade of the great trees of his faraway Maine shore. We will mar the flowing cadence of this letter by selecting extracts. No extract can be made from a deep, clear, billowy current of thought which in continuity is like a river, and in breadth and placidity is like the sea at rest. Stars glisten in its depths. Its pulse exalts us with a sense of kinship to the great round world of human hearts. Reading this letter, the mighty state of which we form a part, the great American Republic, becomes again instinct with life like a ship when its pilot steps on board, ready again to move, true to its sure helm, out upon a career that is wiser and safer than to lie and decay in port. With this hand at the helm the sooner the anchor is raised the better. Fair winds invite ns to sst the ship's prow seaward. The ship her self welcomes the hand of her coming helmsman. As many busy hearts and hands combine to loose her for her four year voyage under the trusted pilot, all look forward confidently to the time when all on board will thrill with equal pride at the grand manner in which the good ship will breast every wave in her new and enlarged career. Republicans and Democats tor Blaine. [New York Star.] Turn Hall, College Point, L. I., was filled to its utmost capacity on Monday night by Republicans and Democrats who are friendly to the election of Blaine and Logan. Mr. Joseph Oppenheimer presided. Professor Hunt, of this city, addressed tBe meeting. He referred to Blaine as "being more Democratic than Cleveland, because he was the friend of the American people, a majority of whom were workingmen, while Mr. Cleveland represented the mon opolists and other interests inimical to the plain common people." A Blaine and Logan club was formed and over 200 men enrolled their names, a majority of whom were Democrats. The greatest enthusiasm prevailed. The English Party of America. Every four years in their National coun cils the Democracy talk of Jeffersonian principals. What are Jeffersonian princi ples ? Thomas Jefferson hated the English. He advocated broad principles of liberty. He deprecated slavery and proposed to exclude it from all United States Terri tories. He advocated protection to American in dustries—a protective tariff. He advocated the education of the people. The Democratic party was the party of slavery, and as such it inherits all of the prejudices and hatreds of that system of oppression. It has always opposed the education of the people. It has and does oppose a tariff for the protection of American interests. Then let its true name be written in plain letters, so that all the world may read, The English party of America. High Livers. [Albany Journal.] It is said that W. H. Vanderbilt's house hold expenses alone are $250,UOO. August Belmont is also credited with being a princely liver. His yearly expenses, ex clusive of art and equine purchases, are rated at $100,000. Jay Gould is"much more moderate. His family entertain but little, although they have a magnificent house. Including the expenses of his summer house at Irvington, Mr. Gould does not spend over $50,000 a year. Samuel J. Til den, who is a partial invalid and a bache lor. spends more than that but he delights to entertain his friends. Cyrus W. Field is a good liver and he entertains a great deal. Lo's Love ol' Veal. IStock Journal.] Complaints are made in all sections ol the range country where the Indians are allowed to roam that the calf crop is small. Mr. Indian has a strong desire for tender meat and especially hankers alter veal the younger the better. The temptation to take young calves from their mothers im mediately after their birth is so strong that it is rareiy overcome. Many instances are recorded where the Indians have killed cows just ready to drop calves in order to get the "tender veal." Uncle Sam should exercise a little more care in managing his wards. Perishable Principles. [Chicago Inter-Ocean. 1 The Democratic platform opens with a slight slip of the pen, the easy correction of which brings it into ceremony with the fact which no donbt its framers intended to express, viz., that "as the Nation grows older the old fundamental principles of the Democracy perish and new issues are born of time and progress, which, after being duly opposed for ten or twelve years by the Democracy, are approved by the united voice of the people, and thereupon remain and will ever remain among the securities for the continuance of good government." Among the issues which have so per ished, the Democratic party making each in turn fundamental and going into mourn ing at its defeat, are : (1850 to 18(50). That slavery is as good as free labor, and should have the same right of extension into the Territories. (1855 to I860]. Progressive free trade to be enforced on all nations by the com bined moral power of England and America. (1860-61.) The Union has no right to prevent the secession of a State, and a war to restore the Union with a seceded State is unconstitutional. (1862.) The war should be conducted without issuing any forced loans (green backs), without invading the sacred soil of a sovereign State, and without emancipat ing a slaye. (1863.) The war should be intrusted wholly to generals who get beaten in their compaigns,and administrationswhich com plain of them are guilty of the treason of crying, "On to Richmond." (1864.) The war is a failure, the rebel lion is a success, and there should be a vig orous prosecution of peace by negotiation and treaty with the Confederacy. (1865.) The rebel State governments must return into the Union as they w ent out, without reconstruction. (1866.) Emancipated blacks must have no civil or political rights. (1867.) The proposed thirteenth, four teenth, and fifteenth amendments, giving political rights to the colored race, are monstrous and flagrant acts of treason and of revolution. (1868.) The National debt should only be paid, principal and interest, in promises to pay. (Thurman, Pendleton and Hen (1869 to 1872.) To prohibit a rebel from voting, because of crime, or to permit a black man to vote without regard to color, are alike unconstitutional. (1872 to 1876.) Resumption of specie payments is impossible, hut to delay it is unconstitutional. (1876 to 1870). It is the protection of our industries that has caused all our ca lamities. ( 1880 to 1884.) To restore financial pros perity we most divide our markets with foreigners and pay the duties ourselves. Nothing can have so baleful an influence over our prosperity as to divide the pay ment of onr taxes with foreigers and keep our markets for our own producers. (1884.) Perceiving that revenue reform and free trade are green apples full of colic, we favor the "ripe fruits" of protection un til after election. This is a fair presentment of fifteen suc cessive issues upen each of which the Dem ocratic party has taken the moss-backed, rock-ribbed, hold-back side, and upon each of which it has been beaten. The history of ♦in- United for twenty-five years consists in the career of unvarying defeat the Democratic party has passed through on these issues. Suicides in 1 hree Months. The Insurance Chronicle, which makes a specialty of compiling statistics of suicides in the United states, published a table yes terday showing the number of suicides during March, April and May. The whole number reported for this period is 423, of which 169 occurred in March, 125 in April, and 129 in May. This is a slight increase over last year. The greatest numbers at specific ages were 16 at 40 years and 15 at 55 years. Thirty-two were assigned to business troubles, 13 to chagrin at parental discipline, 28 to destitution, 32 to dissipa tion, 34 to family trouble, 12 to grief, 83 to insanity, 21 to love trouble, 51 to sickness, and 10 to punishment undergone or threat ened. The record according to condition was as follows : Maids, 22 ; bachelors, 123 ; husbands, 108 ; wives, 39 ; widows, 9 ; widowers, 17 ; divorced men, 6 ; divorced women, 4. Shooting was the method chosen by 165, poisoning by 95, hanging by 76, cutting the throat by 27 and drowning by 17. In point of nationality the Ameri cans led with 221, the Germans followed with 91 and the English with 19. The remainder were scattered dmong seventeen other nationalities. There were 46 farmers, 33 merchants, 21 day laborers, 11 clerks and 9 speculators in the list. The remain der were scattered among sixty other oc cupations. The usual proportion of three or four suicides among men to one among women was repeated. The record as to sex was males 324, females 99. Ohio led in the roll of States with 44, Pennsylvania fol lowing with 42, Illinois with 38, New York with 37, and Missouri 23. Two hundred and eighty suicides were committed by daylight and 143 at night. In ten cases the crime of suicide was connected with that of murder. Want Their Heart Pierced. The writer of a paper recently read bel ore the French Academy of Medicine expresses the opinion that one in every 5,000 persons is buried alive, w hile official statistics show that the mortality among sailors from ship wreck average one in 4,000. The question has of late been much discussed by the medical body just mentioned ; but it seems to be settled that none of the accepted in dications of death, with the single excep tion of the unmistakable decomposition of the body, are to be regarded as perfectly conclusive. It is certain that the possi bility of such a frightful death weighs on the mind of many of the French, es, ac cording to a recent declaration of the Presi dent of the Chamber of Notaries, express instructions are given in one will out of every ten to have the testator's heart pierced by a qualified surgeon before the lid of the cotlin is screwed down. Lp in Authorities. [Burlington Free Press. 1 A coal-dealer asked some law students what legal authority was the favorite of his trade. One answered, "Coke." "Right," said the coal-dealer. Another suggested "Blackstone." "Good, too !" said the ques tioner. Then a little man piped out, "Little ton." Whereupon the coal-dealer sat down. Some Newspaper Opinions of Blaine's Letter. Providence (R. I.) Press (Rep.) : As an argument on the great issues of the present campaign, Mr. Blaine's letter is unanswera ble, and as a clear statement of most in tricate questions, has not its equal in the political literature of this country. It is a great state paper. Utica Obserrer (Dem.) : James G. Blaine's letter of acceptance of the Republican nomination <br President is in most re spects emnently characteristic of the man. It is less a formal document addressed to his party than a "brilliant" harangue to doubtful voters. Boston Journal (Rep.) : At the very out set of the campaign Mr. Blaine has dis tinctly and in a masterly manner defined the Republican ground. It is the Repub lican doctrine. He who would assist in securing a Republican victory at the polls will be sure of rendering useful assistance by following in the footsteps of the chosen party leader. Albany Times (Dem.): It is undoubt ed an able document irom any standpoint. It is a more adroit argument than Repub lican candidates, even Garfield himself, have usually been able to construct. It is the most complete proof yet seen of the capacity, shrewdnes and literary ability of the man. In many respects the position he takes must astonish the more radical leaders of his party, but cannot fail to im press them with his political cunning. Pittsburg leader (Ind.) : I^ooking at the letter in its entirety, however, it must lie considered an able effort. The princi pal issue of the campaign is to be on the question of the protection to American manufacturing industries and to this sub ject he has directed his best thought and produced a markedly fine document. The people will have the more confidence in all he says on this and other State subjects, as they know that he has had the expe rience necessary to prepare him to speak knowingly on them. Boston Traveler (Rep.) : If Mr. Blaine were not already recognized as one of the most accomplished masters of the language now living, this letter would easily secure his rank in that regard. The chief merit of the letter, however, is its sharp and clear definition of the main issue between the parties at this time. With one sen tence of acknowledgment of the honor conferred and the duty imposed upon him by the nomination, Mr. Blaine takes a plunge in médias res, and addresses himself directly to the tariff question. On this question, as he truly says, "the two politi cal parties are in radical conflict." Buffalo Commercial Advertiser (Rep.) : It is a document that will justify the faith of the multitude who have always lovdd and clung to this great leader. It will strengthen the faith of those who believe in the political sense or instinct of the Re publican masses which would have Blaine and no other as a leader in this contest. It will dispell the doubts of some Repub licans who have conceived prejudice against him, and have feared that he might depart widely from the wise and patriotic tradi tions of Republican administration. In a word, after a careful study of this ad mirable manifesto, we find it the best pos sible platform for the party to stand upon in the coming struggle with the Democra cy for National supremacy. Philadelphia Press (Rep.) : Mr. Blaine's letter of acceptance is the clear, trenchant voice of masterly leadership. It fitly crowns the work ol the National conven tion, and puts the chief and the party on impregnable ground. It sharply defines the lines of the campaign, and forces the fighting at every point. No sounder ut terances of political creed, no worthier declaration of public policy has appeared in our day. It is statesmanlike in its grasp, elevatedjin its tone, manly in its spirit, and moderate and just in all its views. Above all, it is supremely American in its whole impulse and aspiration. The dignified but earnest and self-contained assertion of a true American policy at home and abroad which runs all through it will strike a sympathetic chord in every American heart. Mr. Blaine treats every salient issue in a full thorough manner, and he leaves no joint in his harness open for the arrows of the opposition. A Coffin for Sarah. [Philadelphia Call.] Sarah Bernhardt.—"Have yon any coffins metallic, monsieur ?" Undertaker.—"I of them have plenty." Sarah (tragically).—"The stars for that I thank. Suicide to commit I have deter mined." . Undertaker.—"Suicide ?" Sarah.— "Oui, oui, oil—suicide ! Have you not the ears? 'Twill be a dramatic ending to a dramatic career. Think yon not so ?" Undertaker.—"But my dear madam—" Sarah.—"Seek not me to dissuade, but my measure take at once. I want a coffin metallic to fit me." Undertaker.—"Pardon, madame, but you have come to the wrong place. Advance yourself across the street to the maker of arms." Sarah.—"And why to him ?" Undertaker.—"He a large stock of old gun barrels has on hand." j I Probably Run from Under 'Urn. The Detroit Free Press perpetrates the following : "We were going West on the Great West ern Division of the Grand Trunk and the night was chilly for the latter end of May last. 'Hi! porter,' said the commercial man in the bunk overhead ; 'cant yon give me an other blanket ? It's deuced cold to-night.' 'Ain't got another blanket, boss.' 'Well, just see what you can do for a fel lo,' said the c. m., putting his hand out through the curtains with a quarter in it. 'Dunno, boss, but I'll do what I kin.' There was scarcely a perceptible pause in the porter's measured tread as he passed our section fifteen minutes later, but the curtains parted and a blanket went through the opening as if it had been shot out of a cannon. 'Thought I felt somebody carrying off part of my bed-clothes last night,' said a passenger in the further end of the ear as he worked himself into his boots in the morning. 'Dunno. boss ; went mighty 1'asTas' night, making up time ; probably run from under 'um.'" ' | j : The Prohibition Convention Pittsburg, July 23.—The number of visitors to Lafayette Hall had grown so large by 9:30 this morning, fully ten min utes before the time appointed for calliug Prohibition Convention to order, that Mayor Dunn of Pittsburg, chairman of the committee of arrangements, found it neces sary to request all but the delegates to j leave the floor. This was good naturedly I complied with without a second invitation, an incident which was illustrative of the transactions of all the preliminaries and the feeling of unity of aim that were ap parent everywhere. The Pennsylvania delegation held a lively caucus this morning and decided to present the name of Hon. Jno. Black for the Presidential nomination, and stand by him as long as there was any possibility of his getting it. The convention was called to order promptly at 11 o'clock by Gideon J. Stew art, and prayer was offered by Rev. A. A. Miner, of Boston. Temporary organization was effected in the choice of Wm. Daniel, of Maryland, as chairman, and Mrs. Woodbridge, president of the Ohio Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and Chas. Carter, of Washington, D. C., as secretaries. The secretary made a report ot the num ber of delegates from the various States, 500 in all. A committee on credentials was appointed, and then at 1:30 the con vention took a recess until 3 p. m. Pittsburg, July 23.—An appropriate text was next treated on, "The Use of the Ballot," by Miss Carrie Master, of Balti more. After some further delay the report of the committee ou credentials was present ed, showing that thirty-one States and Territories were represented by 576 dele gates, and that there were actually 461 delegates present. A resolution accom panied the report to the effect that dele gates be authorized to cast the full vote of the State which they represented. The report was accepted, aud the report adopt ed after a hot discussion. Therè was so much noise and confusion that a delegate suggested that they would become a Democratic convention before long. In the midst of much disorder and turmoil, the roll of States was called for the nomination of committees on perma nent organization and resolutions. The convention by a rising vote and with mnch enthusiasm endorsed the views and principles expressed in the memorial of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, presented to-day. It was proposed to couple with it a women's suffrage plank, but at the suggestion of Mrs. Woodbridge, secretary, that part of the motion was withdrawn. At 6:35 the convention took a recess until 8 p. m. The evening session was opened by sing ing various hynaDS, campaign melodies, and a prayer by the Rev. Warner, of New York. Permanent organization was effected by Prof. Samuel Dickey, of Mighigan, being chosen president and a large number of vice presidents. A committee was appointed to conduct Mr. Dickey to the chair. In taking the chair he expressed his appreciation of the high honor done him, and said they were here for work, not for words. They were not in harmony with those who believed in taxing or licensing the liquor system. They could not let it alone. They be lieved that it ought to be suppressed, and no hope could be placed in the political parties. This Prohibition party stood committed to earnest independent political action. Their object was to found and build up from its foundation an intelligent body of voters whose political thought would be a complete suppression of the liquor traffic. A motion to adopt the two-third rule for nominations wâs rejected, and the majority rule adopted. The roll of States was then called for nominations, one member from «ach for the committee on finance and two for the national finance committee. Various propositions were submitted and referred to the committee on resolutions. Among them was one to make the basis of of representation at the next national Pro hibition convention two for each Congres sional district and four lor each State. Another was to change the party's name. The convention then, at 10 o'clock, ad journed until 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. Pittsburg, Pa., July 24.—The Prohi tion convention met at 9 o'clock. The del egates filled the space assigned them and the gallaries are crowded with spectators. The proceedings were opened by singing hymns, and a prayer was offered by Rev. Wm. Lee, of New York. All vacancies in the finance and execu tive committees were filled. Mr. Freeman, of New York, stated that a Prohibition convention was being held in Indianapolis, Indiana, and he proposed to send it the following telegram : "The National Prohibition Convention assembly at Pittsburgh, representing ; j j I 1 ; ! ! ' ! j thirty-one States and Territories with five hundred and five delegates, says to Indian apolis, Stand firm ; trust God's cause, and organize an independent party for prohi bition." Mr. Mosher, of Maryland, said, satirical ly, that the thanks of the convention were due to the General Government for the in terest manifested by it in prohibition as shown by it in sending two high officials— the Commissioner of Pensions and Com missioner of Indian Aßairs —to Indianap olis to advse the delegates. These gentle men, it appears by the morning papers, had gone back to Washington and reported that the convention could not be bribed at any price ; that they could not even be hired to go home and not make State nom nati ons. Mr. Brice, of Maryland, oflered a resolu tion on the same subject. This and all other resolutions were refer red to the committee on resolutions. Telegrams from various temperance and prohibition societies throughout the coun try were read and applauded. The convention, at 10:25, proceeded to the call of States for nominations. When California was called Mr. Babcock presented the name of R. H. McDonald as a man who had borne the banner of pro hibition in the wine-cursed State of Cali fornia, hut against whom scandalous as saults had been made. Dr. McDonald had been charged with having manufactured and sold alcohol in a mediciue called vine gar bitters. The charge was an infamous lie. He was a man of large experience as a financier, a man of executive ability, cautious aud conservative, firm and self reliant, and if nominated his purse, his enthusiasm and his courage would set at defiance all efforts to disorganize or render ineffective their canvass. When the State of Illinois was reached Geo. C. Christian arose and nominated ex Governor St. John. He said the name which he would present to the convention was above every other name in its power to gather and concentrate the forces of the prohibition movement. He was a man who had seen war ; who had lived on the bloody plains of the Far West ; who was the father of the actual "practical constitutional prohibition" ; he was a man whose whole soul and energies were devoted to it. While he might not ; be able to contribute very largely in a j material w ay, he could give to the cause j the influence of moral force and moral I heroism which no other man now named 1 or to be named ever could hope to give it. ; Not only that, but he was the brother-in law of the president of the Woman's Chris tian Temperance Union. (Cheers.) In behalf of the Illinois delegation he had the honor to present for the office of President that distinguished patriot, that magnificent leader, that whole-souled leader who had devoted his life to constitutional prohibi tion, and who was known as Hon. John P. St. John. (Loud cheers and enthusiasm.) Miss Francis Willard seconded the nomi nation of St. John. She spoke of having known him as a little man and barefoot boy. She had seen him go out into the world unfriended, unguarded, making his way toward the West; crossing the Big Muddy with but a dollar in his pocket; getting to Pikes Peak and across the Rockies and Sierras ; she had seen him, when other men were asleep, studying Blackstone and Coke ; when the war broke out he did not wait to be drafted but voluntarily bared bis breast to the enemy. She saw him next elevated to the position of Governor of a great free State. At the close of Miss Willard's speech she was loudly applauded. A delegate from Kentucky and one from Maine seconded the nomination of Mc Donald, and W. T. Eustis, of Maine, put in nomination G. T. Stewart, of Ohio. The nomination of St. John was also seconded by Mrs. Mary Huffman, President of the Womans Christian Temperance Union of Missouri. When Ohio was called, G. T. Stewart announced that the presentation of bis name had been against his request. He was not a candidate and favored St. John. When Pennsylvania was called, Mr. Pierce made a speech nominating Hon. James Black of Pennsylvania. At this stage of the proceedings Mc Donald's name was withdrr wn, and the friends of Black and Stewa. t also with drew those nominations. The rules were suspended and St. John was nominated by acclamation. The Prohibition Platform. Pittsburg, July 24—The platform re ported by the committee acknowledges God in the Government, declares that traffic in beverages under national and State laws is productive of crime and pauperism, a burden to taxation for penal and sheltering institutions, endangering to public peace, corrupting to politics, and imposing manifold other evils upon the people. These laws are alike contrary to good laws, contrary to our happiness, and we call upon our fellow citizens to aid in the repeal of these laws. The history of the past twenty-four years leads to the conclusion that the Re publican party is insensible to the i ^dress of these wrongs, and should no longer be entrusted with the government. Its Pres idential nominee of its last convention, Mr. Blaine, has within years past pub lished recommendations that the liquor revenue be distributed among the States, and Logan to devote the revenue to the support of schools. This is virtually a recommendation of a perpetuation of the traffic. The Democratic party's position against prohibition proves that it should uot be entrusted in power and place. There can be no greater peace to the nation than by effectinga competition ofthe Repub lican and Democratic parties for the liquor vote. We favor a reform in the administration ot the government in the abolition of all sinecure offices and officers, in the election of post officers of the government instead of appointment by the President, and that competency, honesty and sobriety are es sential qualifications for holding civil office ; that the collection of revenue from alcoholic liquors and tobacco should be abolished as a vice to men and not proper subjects for taxation ; that revenue for custom duties should be levied for the support of the government economically administered, and when so levied the fos tering of American manufactories and in dustries should constantly be held in view ; that the public laods should be held for homes for the people, and not for gifts to corporations or to be held in large bodies for speculation upon the deed of actual settlers ; That all money, coin and paper, shall be made, issued and regulated by the general government, and shall be legal tender for all debts, public and private ; that grateful care and support should be given to our soldiers and sailors, their de pendent widows and orphans. We repudiate as un-American and contrary the principles of the Declaration of Inde pendence the exclusion of any person or persons from residence or citizenship among the oppressed of all nations. That while there are important reforms demanded for the purity of administration and the welfare of the people, their impor tancesinks into insignificance when compar ed with the reform of the drink traffic, and Congress should exercise its undoubted power and prohibit the manufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages in the Dis trict of Columbia, the Territories of the United States, and all places over which the Government has exclusive jurisdic tion. That hereafter no State shall be admitted into the Union until its constitution shall expressly prohibit polygamy and the the manufacture anil sale of intoxicating beverages. The resolutions pay tribute to the woman working in this temperance move ment and conclude thus : Believing in the civil and political equality of the sex aud that the ballot in the hands of woman is right for her protection and would prove a powerful ally for the abolition of the drinking saloons, the execution ot laws, the promotion of reform in civil affairs, anil the removal of corruption in the pub lic list, we relegate the practical outwork ing of just reform to the discretion ot the Prohibition party in the several States according to the condition of the public ; ; sentiment in those States. Gratefully we acknowledge and praise God for the pres ence of His spirit in guiding the cause and granting the success which has been vouchsafed in the progress of the temper ance reform, and looking to Him from whom all wisdom ami help comes. We ask the people to make the principles oi the above declaration a principle in the government of the Nation and ofthe States. Political Correspondence. Pittsburg, July 25.—Mr. J. T. Little, of Newark, New Jersey, received the follow ing telegram this moruiDg from ex-Gover nor St. John : Rochester, N. Y., July 25. To Hon. John B, Finch, George 11. Scott and M. B. Bennett : I was at Lake Side yesterday ami dÈi not receive your telegram until this morn ing. While I did not ask or desire the nomination, I greatly appreciate the una nimity with which it was given as well as the honor codferred. I can only say now that I acquiesce in the action of the con vention. and looking to God for his guid ance I shall try to do my duty. JOHN I*. ST. JOHN. The delegates are leaving for home on every train anil all will by to-morrow have left the city. After the convention adjourned last night the California delegation, on behalf ot Dr. McDonald, gave a banquet to the delegates of the convention. In interviews to-day the leaders claim that they will poll from 500,000 to 1.000, 000 votes, and that they will probably cai- ry Kansas and Maryland and so throw the election into Congress. - » ♦--- STOCK GAMBLING BY CONGRESS MEN. The Extent to Which it is Carried On -•Some Notable Instances. [Albany (N. Y.) Evening Journal. People away from Washington would be surprised to know how much Wall-street gambling is done by members of Congress. 1 can tell you some stories that would sur prise you, but it does not pay to be too ex plicit about these things. Right in the House corridor a telegraph station is main tained for stock speculations, where the la test quotations can always be seen. A few steps away a banking house in this city has a telephone station where messages are re ceived for the purchase and sale of stocks. Some of the gilt-edged operators do not deign to go out alter the quotations, but send pages. The great New iork banking houses keep salaried agents here who hang about the 'Capitol, gain the confidence of members regarding probable legislation, and repay by giving them "points. ' 1 ou ■■un see how much Congress can do to effect Wall street. It attacks or covers up the fault it the national banking system, and directs the financial policy of the Govern ment. This year it has taken a direct hand in its assaults on the land grant rail roads, its threats to make the Union Pa cific pay its Government debt, the proposi tion to establish a Government telegraph and the proposed subsidy to the Pacific Mail steamships. I know that several Democratic statesmen have made hand some amoun s, in several rases far exceed ing their salaries as members ol this Con gress. by selling railroad stocks short and then putting them down by bringing up questions of forfeiting their land grants. This has been exceptionally the case with Northern Pacific, whose preferred stock has been largely sold at the Capitol at figures above fifty. Some one must have a big profit there. But the biggest deal has been in Union Pacific. That stock is not worth half so much as it was last December. The scare then was based upon legitimate reasons. The company owes the Government over $42,060,000, which it never intends to pay. How to make it do so is a problem. The brokers got Phil. Thompson interested and had passed in the House a bill to have 55 per cent, of its net earnings paid over to I the Government. As Abram S. Hewitt ! said in debate, this would bankrupt the j road anil not only make the stock worth less, but also millions of various kinds of j bonds, which, in disregard of the law, have i been issued, but are now held by innocent holders, who have been deceived into buy ing them, in the belief that they were per fectly safe. This bill, if passed, would virtually wipe out over $100,000,000 ol securities. You can see the result, and on a sure thing thousands of dollars were made by those on the inside. If the Senate had not acted as a safety-valve, and had passed the House bill, I believe we should now be in the midst of a panic worse than that of 1873, for under Jay Gould's mani pulation every one has lost confidence in railroad mortgages and shares. But the Senate Judiciary Committee saw how de structive such a course would be, and they have made an arrangement with the l nion Pacific, by which all further proceedings are to be' stopped until next December. They make no concealment in that this was done in order to prevent a crash. Next winter the company will he made to yield to the laws which it has boldly broken. It can never pay another divi dend, anil in a few years the wise ones look to see it in the hands of a receiver, and ultimately in the Government control. You can see how members who were cog nizant of these things could profit by them. One Southern representative told a friend the other day that he hail made $37,000 by selling Union Pacific since Feb ruary. There is enough in some ot these things to warrant investigation how mem bers have taken advantage of their official knowledge to make money. In one case some of these smart chaps have been beaten. When the Senate put the. "subsidy clause" upon the shipping bill it was figur ed up that Pacific Mail could be benefitted some $700,000 a year. They formed a pool and bought a large block of the stock in New York at prices varying from 48 to 51. It has been down as low as 31 since then, aud never above 42, anil now that the bill has been deprived of its subsidy provisiou it looks as if they must wait a great while before they take out their expected profits, although some of them talk confidently ot a "squeeze" to carry the price up.. '1 wenty years ago some of these things would have made a graat sensation. ^ on remember the Credit Mobilier scandal came out of members having an interest in L nion Pa cific, then a supplicant for Government aid. Now' there are more who are peeuniarly in terested in putting its price down, when it is begging for mercy, and their votes may determine it.