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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 31, 1884, Image 1

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Volume xviii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 31, 1884.
advance)..................*
I|c ijjficttlîi J^cralil
E.
FISK D. W FISK, A J- NSK,
Publishers und Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD:
Otic Year, (in advance)---..............'................\> m
Four all eases. Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
( s t v Subscribers.delivered by earrier.Sl 50 a month
Om- Year, by mail, (in *1- 00
m, Months, by mail, in advance)... .......... 6 00
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«a-All communications should be addressedto
*» A FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
5NT ROSPECTION.
n ve vou sent her back her letters ? have you
Ha iiven her back her rin«?
„, v ; v(lU tried to forget the haunting songs that
H vou loved to hear her smg?
«ave vou cursed the day you met her first.
* thanked god that you were free,
1 «aid in your inmost heart, as you thought,
An< . she n ever was dear to me?
„ ,, ' CJi «t her off, your pride is touched, you
'" fancy that all is done, .
That for you the world is bright again, and
1 bravely shines the sun.
Vou have washed yonr hands of passion ; you
* have whistled her down the wind.
0 Toni, old friend, this goes before, the sharpest
comes liehind !
Yes the sharpest is yet to come, for love is a
plant that never dies;
Its roots are deep as the earth itself ; its branches
wide as the skies,
Ynd wherever once it has taken hold, it flouishes
evermore, .
Bearing a fruit that is fair outside, but bitter
ashes at core. „ . . ,
Igee that you marvel greatly, Tom, to hear such
words from me,
But. if you knew my inmost heart, twould be
no mystery.
Experience is bitter, but its teachings we retain ;
It lu» taught me this, who once has loved, loves
never on earth again !
inil I. too, have my closet, with a ghastly form
Inside— ,
The skeleton of a perished love, killed by a cruel
pride. ,,,
1 sit by the fire at evening, as you will some
tinie» sec
And watch in the roseate half light, the ghosts
of happiness flit;
I, too, awake at midnight, and stretch my arms
to enfold .
A vague and shadowy image, with tresses or
brown and gold ; ...
Eii>erienee Is bitter, indeed—I have learned at a
heavy cost ,
The secret of love's persistency; I, too, have
loved and lost !
NIGHT.
Fair is the wedded reign of night and day,
Kach rules half of earth with different sway,
KxcLianging kingdoms, east and west, Hlway.
I ike the round pearl that Egy|4 drank in wine,
The sun half sinks in the brimming, rosy hrine;
The wild night drinks all up. How her eyes
shine !
Now the swift sail of straining light is furled.
And through the stillness of mv soul is whirled
The throbbing of the hearts of half the world.
1 hear the cries that follow birth and death ;
1 hear huge pestilence draw his vaporous
breath, ,
"Beware, prepare, or else ye die !" he saith.
1 hear a haggard turn and sigh ;
1 hear men begging heaven to let them die ;
And, drowning all, a wild-eyed woman's cry.
So night takes toll of wisdom as of sin.
The student's and the drunkard's cheek is tlnn !
But flesh is not ttie prize we strive to win.
Now airy swarms of fluttering dreams descend
On souls, like birds on trees, and have no end.
0, God ! from vulture dreams my soul defend
Let fall on her rose-leaf rain of dreams.
All passionate sweet as are the loving beams
Of starlight on the glimmering woods and
streams.
THE FALLT OF THE AGE.
BY ELLA W HEELER.
The fault of the age is a mad endeavor
To leap to the heights that were made to climb;
By a burst of strength or a thought that is clever
We plan to outwit and forestall Time.
We scorn to wait for the thing worth having ;
We want high noon at the day's dim dawn ;
We find no pleasure in toiling and saving
As our forefathers did in the good times gone.
We force our roses before their season
To bloom and blossom that we may wear;
And then we wonder and ask the reason
Why perfect buds are so few and rare.
We crave the grain, hut despise the getting;
We want wealth, not as reward, but dower !
And the strength that is wasted in useless fret
ting
Would fell a forest or build a tower.
To covet the prize, yet to shrink from the win
ning :
To thirst for glory, yet fear the fight—
Why, what can It lead to at last but sinning,
To mental languor and moral blight?
Better the old slow way of striving
Ami counting small gains when the year is done,
Than to use our forces all in contriving
And to grasp for the pleasures we have not won,
WRITTEN for an autograph
ALBUM BY A BANKER.
My dear, get out your polonaise.
And weep for my moustache ;
Get all the lioodle you can raise.
Your bonds turn into cash.
Your hubby's got to jump the town,
lie's busted up his bank ;
So. deary, fix a quiet gown.
Befitting to his rank.
I made a turn the other day
Of million dollars four;
My house and lot and new coupe
Are unto you made o'er.
For I must unto Europe sail.
Or els« 1 , my dearest love,
They'll have your own shut tip in jail.
And maybe sent above.
So meet me at the doek, my sweet—
The steamer sails at eight;
Beware the cop-let on the street!
Resign thee to thy fate.
the country editor.
1 saw him at his font
As he sat upon his stool,
And he smiled on the boys.
As we passed along to school !
Grinning,
Winning,
Happy with the type and rule.
He could clip, he could paste,"
He could write a leader fine.
And set it up in style
While he cuts a nionkeyshine
* For the Itoys,
Full of noise,
Happy tying type with twine.
He could run a Sunday school,
Standing high upon a chair—
lie wasn't tall enough
Till he cot tip in the air—
Oft' like a gun.
Bubbling with fun.
Happy with the children there.
1 saw him as lie grasped.
ri' Vi . th hi . s honeht k r 'P and kind,
The hands of all the boys
As they left new Helds to find,
And his smile
Is the while
Ever in their lives entwined.
The Letter of Acceptance.
[Inter-Ocean.
We publish elsewhere Mr. Blaine's letter
; ol' acceptance. It appears to us to be the
ablest, most explicit, inlluential, and thor
; oughly wise document ever addressed to a
! nominating committee as a letter of ac
i ceptance. The history not only of the two
1 pending political parties, but, in an eco
nomical aspect, of the Nation, is condensed
I in it. Amply as we were satisfied with the
i Republican platform to which this is a re
1 sponse, it must be said that the letter of
! acceptance at once embodies and super
sedes the platform. Upon this letter alone
the campaign can be fought. On this we
rest. Our case is made out.
The argument it makes for protection,
all the more effective because not put into
the form of argument, stands in relation to
i the predictions of Hamilton and Gallatin
i in the early days of the Republic as fulfill
) ment to prophecy—as demonstration to
I hypothesis. Then the great results capa
ble of being won from destiny by the
policy of vigorous protection to home in
dustry was believed in, though seen as
through a glass, darkly. Now they are
proudly pointed to because we are face to
face with them.
Mr. Blaine's letter is not merely lumi
nous ; it is a flood of golden sunshine ; it
is life radiant, health exuberant, hope
triumphant, vigor made self-conscious.
Every man who reads it carefully will feel
inspired by it. Every man who is politi
cally sick or infirm and is worthy to re
cover will find health in it. The calm
splendor of the rising day drives before it
all enemies by the simple power of light.
So, Mr. Blaine's letter comes with the
serene and silent power of sunrise. The
issues it presents had in some degree often
before been presented, but here they are
converted into daylight. Other men have
urged the tariff question. Mr. Blaine is
irresistible without urgency.
Wherever this letter of acceptance shall
lie read, calumny will make haste to break
its poisoned arrows and sink their frag
ments in oblivion's stream. Men who have
not previously felt that they have known
Blaine will now feel that they have con
versed with him under the shade of the
great trees of his faraway Maine shore.
We will mar the flowing cadence of this
letter by selecting extracts. No extract
can be made from a deep, clear, billowy
current of thought which in continuity is
like a river, and in breadth and placidity
is like the sea at rest. Stars glisten in its
depths. Its pulse exalts us with a sense of
kinship to the great round world of human
hearts.
Reading this letter, the mighty state of
which we form a part, the great American
Republic, becomes again instinct with life
like a ship when its pilot steps on board,
ready again to move, true to its sure helm,
out upon a career that is wiser and safer
than to lie and decay in port. With this
hand at the helm the sooner the anchor is
raised the better. Fair winds invite ns to
sst the ship's prow seaward. The ship her
self welcomes the hand of her coming
helmsman. As many busy hearts and
hands combine to loose her for her four
year voyage under the trusted pilot, all
look forward confidently to the time when
all on board will thrill with equal pride
at the grand manner in which the good
ship will breast every wave in her new
and enlarged career.
Republicans and Democats tor Blaine.
[New York Star.]
Turn Hall, College Point, L. I., was filled
to its utmost capacity on Monday night by
Republicans and Democrats who are
friendly to the election of Blaine and
Logan. Mr. Joseph Oppenheimer presided.
Professor Hunt, of this city, addressed tBe
meeting. He referred to Blaine as "being
more Democratic than Cleveland, because
he was the friend of the American people,
a majority of whom were workingmen,
while Mr. Cleveland represented the mon
opolists and other interests inimical to the
plain common people."
A Blaine and Logan club was formed
and over 200 men enrolled their names, a
majority of whom were Democrats. The
greatest enthusiasm prevailed.
The English Party of America.
Every four years in their National coun
cils the Democracy talk of Jeffersonian
principals. What are Jeffersonian princi
ples ?
Thomas Jefferson hated the English.
He advocated broad principles of liberty.
He deprecated slavery and proposed to
exclude it from all United States Terri
tories.
He advocated protection to American in
dustries—a protective tariff.
He advocated the education of the
people.
The Democratic party was the party of
slavery, and as such it inherits all of the
prejudices and hatreds of that system of
oppression.
It has always opposed the education of
the people.
It has and does oppose a tariff for the
protection of American interests.
Then let its true name be written in
plain letters, so that all the world may
read, The English party of America.
High Livers.
[Albany Journal.]
It is said that W. H. Vanderbilt's house
hold expenses alone are $250,UOO. August
Belmont is also credited with being a
princely liver. His yearly expenses, ex
clusive of art and equine purchases, are
rated at $100,000. Jay Gould is"much more
moderate. His family entertain but little,
although they have a magnificent house.
Including the expenses of his summer
house at Irvington, Mr. Gould does not
spend over $50,000 a year. Samuel J. Til
den, who is a partial invalid and a bache
lor. spends more than that but he delights
to entertain his friends. Cyrus W. Field is
a good liver and he entertains a great deal.
Lo's Love ol' Veal.
IStock Journal.]
Complaints are made in all sections ol
the range country where the Indians are
allowed to roam that the calf crop is small.
Mr. Indian has a strong desire for tender
meat and especially hankers alter veal
the younger the better. The temptation to
take young calves from their mothers im
mediately after their birth is so strong that
it is rareiy overcome. Many instances are
recorded where the Indians have killed
cows just ready to drop calves in order to
get the "tender veal." Uncle Sam should
exercise a little more care in managing his
wards.
Perishable Principles.
[Chicago Inter-Ocean. 1
The Democratic platform opens with a
slight slip of the pen, the easy correction
of which brings it into ceremony with the
fact which no donbt its framers intended
to express, viz., that "as the Nation grows
older the old fundamental principles of the
Democracy perish and new issues are born
of time and progress, which, after being
duly opposed for ten or twelve years by
the Democracy, are approved by the united
voice of the people, and thereupon remain
and will ever remain among the securities
for the continuance of good government."
Among the issues which have so per
ished, the Democratic party making each
in turn fundamental and going into mourn
ing at its defeat, are :
(1850 to 18(50). That slavery is as good
as free labor, and should have the same
right of extension into the Territories.
(1855 to I860]. Progressive free trade
to be enforced on all nations by the com
bined moral power of England and America.
(1860-61.) The Union has no right to
prevent the secession of a State, and a war
to restore the Union with a seceded State
is unconstitutional.
(1862.) The war should be conducted
without issuing any forced loans (green
backs), without invading the sacred soil of
a sovereign State, and without emancipat
ing a slaye.
(1863.) The war should be intrusted
wholly to generals who get beaten in their
compaigns,and administrationswhich com
plain of them are guilty of the treason of
crying, "On to Richmond."
(1864.) The war is a failure, the rebel
lion is a success, and there should be a vig
orous prosecution of peace by negotiation
and treaty with the Confederacy.
(1865.) The rebel State governments
must return into the Union as they w ent
out, without reconstruction.
(1866.) Emancipated blacks must have
no civil or political rights.
(1867.) The proposed thirteenth, four
teenth, and fifteenth amendments, giving
political rights to the colored race, are
monstrous and flagrant acts of treason and
of revolution.
(1868.) The National debt should only
be paid, principal and interest, in promises
to pay. (Thurman, Pendleton and Hen
(1869 to 1872.) To prohibit a rebel from
voting, because of crime, or to permit a
black man to vote without regard to color,
are alike unconstitutional.
(1872 to 1876.) Resumption of specie
payments is impossible, hut to delay it is
unconstitutional.
(1876 to 1870). It is the protection of
our industries that has caused all our ca
lamities.
( 1880 to 1884.) To restore financial pros
perity we most divide our markets with
foreigners and pay the duties ourselves.
Nothing can have so baleful an influence
over our prosperity as to divide the pay
ment of onr taxes with foreigers and keep
our markets for our own producers.
(1884.) Perceiving that revenue reform
and free trade are green apples full of colic,
we favor the "ripe fruits" of protection un
til after election.
This is a fair presentment of fifteen suc
cessive issues upen each of which the Dem
ocratic party has taken the moss-backed,
rock-ribbed, hold-back side, and upon each
of which it has been beaten. The history
of ♦in- United for twenty-five years
consists in the career of unvarying defeat
the Democratic party has passed through
on these issues.
Suicides in 1 hree Months.
The Insurance Chronicle, which makes a
specialty of compiling statistics of suicides
in the United states, published a table yes
terday showing the number of suicides
during March, April and May. The whole
number reported for this period is 423, of
which 169 occurred in March, 125 in April,
and 129 in May. This is a slight increase
over last year. The greatest numbers at
specific ages were 16 at 40 years and 15 at
55 years. Thirty-two were assigned to
business troubles, 13 to chagrin at parental
discipline, 28 to destitution, 32 to dissipa
tion, 34 to family trouble, 12 to grief, 83 to
insanity, 21 to love trouble, 51 to sickness,
and 10 to punishment undergone or threat
ened. The record according to condition
was as follows : Maids, 22 ; bachelors, 123 ;
husbands, 108 ; wives, 39 ; widows, 9 ;
widowers, 17 ; divorced men, 6 ; divorced
women, 4. Shooting was the method
chosen by 165, poisoning by 95, hanging by
76, cutting the throat by 27 and drowning
by 17. In point of nationality the Ameri
cans led with 221, the Germans followed
with 91 and the English with 19. The
remainder were scattered dmong seventeen
other nationalities. There were 46 farmers,
33 merchants, 21 day laborers, 11 clerks
and 9 speculators in the list. The remain
der were scattered among sixty other oc
cupations. The usual proportion of three
or four suicides among men to one among
women was repeated. The record as to sex
was males 324, females 99. Ohio led in the
roll of States with 44, Pennsylvania fol
lowing with 42, Illinois with 38, New York
with 37, and Missouri 23. Two hundred
and eighty suicides were committed by
daylight and 143 at night. In ten cases
the crime of suicide was connected with
that of murder.
Want Their Heart Pierced.
The writer of a paper recently read bel ore
the French Academy of Medicine expresses
the opinion that one in every 5,000 persons
is buried alive, w hile official statistics show
that the mortality among sailors from ship
wreck average one in 4,000. The question
has of late been much discussed by the
medical body just mentioned ; but it seems
to be settled that none of the accepted in
dications of death, with the single excep
tion of the unmistakable decomposition of
the body, are to be regarded as perfectly
conclusive. It is certain that the possi
bility of such a frightful death weighs on
the mind of many of the French, es, ac
cording to a recent declaration of the Presi
dent of the Chamber of Notaries, express
instructions are given in one will out of
every ten to have the testator's heart
pierced by a qualified surgeon before the
lid of the cotlin is screwed down.
Lp in Authorities.
[Burlington Free Press. 1
A coal-dealer asked some law students
what legal authority was the favorite of
his trade. One answered, "Coke." "Right,"
said the coal-dealer. Another suggested
"Blackstone." "Good, too !" said the ques
tioner. Then a little man piped out, "Little
ton." Whereupon the coal-dealer sat down.
Some Newspaper Opinions of Blaine's
Letter.
Providence (R. I.) Press (Rep.) : As an
argument on the great issues of the present
campaign, Mr. Blaine's letter is unanswera
ble, and as a clear statement of most in
tricate questions, has not its equal in the
political literature of this country. It is a
great state paper.
Utica Obserrer (Dem.) : James G. Blaine's
letter of acceptance of the Republican
nomination <br President is in most re
spects emnently characteristic of the man.
It is less a formal document addressed to
his party than a "brilliant" harangue to
doubtful voters.
Boston Journal (Rep.) : At the very out
set of the campaign Mr. Blaine has dis
tinctly and in a masterly manner defined
the Republican ground. It is the Repub
lican doctrine. He who would assist in
securing a Republican victory at the polls
will be sure of rendering useful assistance
by following in the footsteps of the chosen
party leader.
Albany Times (Dem.): It is undoubt
ed an able document irom any standpoint.
It is a more adroit argument than Repub
lican candidates, even Garfield himself,
have usually been able to construct. It is
the most complete proof yet seen of the
capacity, shrewdnes and literary ability of
the man. In many respects the position
he takes must astonish the more radical
leaders of his party, but cannot fail to im
press them with his political cunning.
Pittsburg leader (Ind.) : I^ooking at
the letter in its entirety, however, it must
lie considered an able effort. The princi
pal issue of the campaign is to be on the
question of the protection to American
manufacturing industries and to this sub
ject he has directed his best thought and
produced a markedly fine document. The
people will have the more confidence in
all he says on this and other State subjects,
as they know that he has had the expe
rience necessary to prepare him to speak
knowingly on them.
Boston Traveler (Rep.) : If Mr. Blaine
were not already recognized as one of the
most accomplished masters of the language
now living, this letter would easily secure
his rank in that regard. The chief merit
of the letter, however, is its sharp and
clear definition of the main issue between
the parties at this time. With one sen
tence of acknowledgment of the honor
conferred and the duty imposed upon him
by the nomination, Mr. Blaine takes a
plunge in médias res, and addresses himself
directly to the tariff question. On this
question, as he truly says, "the two politi
cal parties are in radical conflict."
Buffalo Commercial Advertiser (Rep.) :
It is a document that will justify the faith
of the multitude who have always lovdd
and clung to this great leader. It will
strengthen the faith of those who believe
in the political sense or instinct of the Re
publican masses which would have Blaine
and no other as a leader in this contest.
It will dispell the doubts of some Repub
licans who have conceived prejudice against
him, and have feared that he might depart
widely from the wise and patriotic tradi
tions of Republican administration. In a
word, after a careful study of this ad
mirable manifesto, we find it the best pos
sible platform for the party to stand upon
in the coming struggle with the Democra
cy for National supremacy.
Philadelphia Press (Rep.) : Mr. Blaine's
letter of acceptance is the clear, trenchant
voice of masterly leadership. It fitly
crowns the work ol the National conven
tion, and puts the chief and the party on
impregnable ground. It sharply defines
the lines of the campaign, and forces the
fighting at every point. No sounder ut
terances of political creed, no worthier
declaration of public policy has appeared
in our day. It is statesmanlike in its grasp,
elevatedjin its tone, manly in its spirit, and
moderate and just in all its views. Above
all, it is supremely American in its whole
impulse and aspiration. The dignified but
earnest and self-contained assertion of a
true American policy at home and abroad
which runs all through it will strike a
sympathetic chord in every American
heart. Mr. Blaine treats every salient
issue in a full thorough manner, and he
leaves no joint in his harness open for the
arrows of the opposition.
A Coffin for Sarah.
[Philadelphia Call.]
Sarah Bernhardt.—"Have yon any coffins
metallic, monsieur ?"
Undertaker.—"I of them have plenty."
Sarah (tragically).—"The stars for that I
thank. Suicide to commit I have deter
mined." .
Undertaker.—"Suicide ?"
Sarah.— "Oui, oui, oil—suicide ! Have
you not the ears? 'Twill be a dramatic
ending to a dramatic career. Think yon
not so ?"
Undertaker.—"But my dear madam—"
Sarah.—"Seek not me to dissuade, but
my measure take at once. I want a coffin
metallic to fit me."
Undertaker.—"Pardon, madame, but you
have come to the wrong place. Advance
yourself across the street to the maker of
arms."
Sarah.—"And why to him ?"
Undertaker.—"He a large stock of old
gun barrels has on hand."
j
I
Probably Run from Under 'Urn.
The Detroit Free Press perpetrates the
following :
"We were going West on the Great West
ern Division of the Grand Trunk and the
night was chilly for the latter end of May
last.
'Hi! porter,' said the commercial man in
the bunk overhead ; 'cant yon give me an
other blanket ? It's deuced cold to-night.'
'Ain't got another blanket, boss.'
'Well, just see what you can do for a fel
lo,' said the c. m., putting his hand out
through the curtains with a quarter in it.
'Dunno, boss, but I'll do what I kin.'
There was scarcely a perceptible pause in
the porter's measured tread as he passed
our section fifteen minutes later, but the
curtains parted and a blanket went through
the opening as if it had been shot out of a
cannon.
'Thought I felt somebody carrying off
part of my bed-clothes last night,' said a
passenger in the further end of the ear as
he worked himself into his boots in the
morning.
'Dunno. boss ; went mighty 1'asTas' night,
making up time ; probably run from under
'um.'"
'
|
j
:
The Prohibition Convention
Pittsburg, July 23.—The number of
visitors to Lafayette Hall had grown so
large by 9:30 this morning, fully ten min
utes before the time appointed for calliug
Prohibition Convention to order, that
Mayor Dunn of Pittsburg, chairman of the
committee of arrangements, found it neces
sary to request all but the delegates to
j leave the floor. This was good naturedly
I complied with without a second invitation,
an incident which was illustrative of the
transactions of all the preliminaries and
the feeling of unity of aim that were ap
parent everywhere.
The Pennsylvania delegation held a
lively caucus this morning and decided to
present the name of Hon. Jno. Black for
the Presidential nomination, and stand by
him as long as there was any possibility of
his getting it.
The convention was called to order
promptly at 11 o'clock by Gideon J. Stew
art, and prayer was offered by Rev. A. A.
Miner, of Boston.
Temporary organization was effected in
the choice of Wm. Daniel, of Maryland, as
chairman, and Mrs. Woodbridge, president
of the Ohio Woman's Christian Temperance
Union, and Chas. Carter, of Washington,
D. C., as secretaries.
The secretary made a report ot the num
ber of delegates from the various States,
500 in all. A committee on credentials
was appointed, and then at 1:30 the con
vention took a recess until 3 p. m.
Pittsburg, July 23.—An appropriate
text was next treated on, "The Use of the
Ballot," by Miss Carrie Master, of Balti
more.
After some further delay the report of
the committee ou credentials was present
ed, showing that thirty-one States and
Territories were represented by 576 dele
gates, and that there were actually 461
delegates present. A resolution accom
panied the report to the effect that dele
gates be authorized to cast the full vote of
the State which they represented. The
report was accepted, aud the report adopt
ed after a hot discussion.
Therè was so much noise and confusion
that a delegate suggested that they would
become a Democratic convention before
long. In the midst of much disorder and
turmoil, the roll of States was called for
the nomination of committees on perma
nent organization and resolutions.
The convention by a rising vote and
with mnch enthusiasm endorsed the views
and principles expressed in the memorial
of the Women's Christian Temperance
Union, presented to-day. It was proposed
to couple with it a women's suffrage plank,
but at the suggestion of Mrs. Woodbridge,
secretary, that part of the motion was
withdrawn.
At 6:35 the convention took a recess
until 8 p. m.
The evening session was opened by sing
ing various hynaDS, campaign melodies,
and a prayer by the Rev. Warner, of New
York.
Permanent organization was effected by
Prof. Samuel Dickey, of Mighigan, being
chosen president and a large number of
vice presidents.
A committee was appointed to conduct
Mr. Dickey to the chair. In taking the
chair he expressed his appreciation of the
high honor done him, and said they were
here for work, not for words. They were
not in harmony with those who believed
in taxing or licensing the liquor system.
They could not let it alone. They be
lieved that it ought to be suppressed, and
no hope could be placed in the political
parties. This Prohibition party stood
committed to earnest independent political
action. Their object was to found and
build up from its foundation an intelligent
body of voters whose political thought
would be a complete suppression of the
liquor traffic.
A motion to adopt the two-third rule
for nominations wâs rejected, and the
majority rule adopted.
The roll of States was then called for
nominations, one member from «ach for
the committee on finance and two for the
national finance committee.
Various propositions were submitted and
referred to the committee on resolutions.
Among them was one to make the basis of
of representation at the next national Pro
hibition convention two for each Congres
sional district and four lor each State.
Another was to change the party's name.
The convention then, at 10 o'clock, ad
journed until 9 o'clock to-morrow morning.
Pittsburg, Pa., July 24.—The Prohi
tion convention met at 9 o'clock. The del
egates filled the space assigned them and
the gallaries are crowded with spectators.
The proceedings were opened by singing
hymns, and a prayer was offered by Rev.
Wm. Lee, of New York.
All vacancies in the finance and execu
tive committees were filled.
Mr. Freeman, of New York, stated that
a Prohibition convention was being held
in Indianapolis, Indiana, and he proposed
to send it the following telegram :
"The National Prohibition Convention
assembly at Pittsburgh, representing
;
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j
I
1
;
!
!
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!
j
thirty-one States and Territories with five
hundred and five delegates, says to Indian
apolis, Stand firm ; trust God's cause, and
organize an independent party for prohi
bition."
Mr. Mosher, of Maryland, said, satirical
ly, that the thanks of the convention were
due to the General Government for the in
terest manifested by it in prohibition as
shown by it in sending two high officials—
the Commissioner of Pensions and Com
missioner of Indian Aßairs —to Indianap
olis to advse the delegates. These gentle
men, it appears by the morning papers,
had gone back to Washington and reported
that the convention could not be bribed at
any price ; that they could not even be
hired to go home and not make State nom
nati ons.
Mr. Brice, of Maryland, oflered a resolu
tion on the same subject.
This and all other resolutions were refer
red to the committee on resolutions.
Telegrams from various temperance and
prohibition societies throughout the coun
try were read and applauded.
The convention, at 10:25, proceeded to
the call of States for nominations.
When California was called Mr. Babcock
presented the name of R. H. McDonald as
a man who had borne the banner of pro
hibition in the wine-cursed State of Cali
fornia, hut against whom scandalous as
saults had been made. Dr. McDonald had
been charged with having manufactured
and sold alcohol in a mediciue called vine
gar bitters. The charge was an infamous
lie. He was a man of large experience as
a financier, a man of executive ability,
cautious aud conservative, firm and self
reliant, and if nominated his purse, his
enthusiasm and his courage would set at
defiance all efforts to disorganize or render
ineffective their canvass.
When the State of Illinois was reached
Geo. C. Christian arose and nominated ex
Governor St. John. He said the name
which he would present to the convention
was above every other name in
its power to gather and concentrate
the forces of the prohibition movement.
He was a man who had seen war ; who
had lived on the bloody plains of the Far
West ; who was the father of the actual
"practical constitutional prohibition" ; he
was a man whose whole soul and energies
were devoted to it. While he might not
; be able to contribute very largely in a
j material w ay, he could give to the cause
j the influence of moral force and moral
I heroism which no other man now named
1 or to be named ever could hope to give it.
; Not only that, but he was the brother-in
law of the president of the Woman's Chris
tian Temperance Union. (Cheers.) In
behalf of the Illinois delegation he had the
honor to present for the office of President
that distinguished patriot, that magnificent
leader, that whole-souled leader who had
devoted his life to constitutional prohibi
tion, and who was known as Hon. John P.
St. John. (Loud cheers and enthusiasm.)
Miss Francis Willard seconded the nomi
nation of St. John. She spoke of having
known him as a little man and barefoot
boy. She had seen him go out into the
world unfriended, unguarded, making his
way toward the West; crossing the Big
Muddy with but a dollar in his pocket;
getting to Pikes Peak and across the
Rockies and Sierras ; she had seen him,
when other men were asleep, studying
Blackstone and Coke ; when the war broke
out he did not wait to be drafted but
voluntarily bared bis breast to the enemy.
She saw him next elevated to the position
of Governor of a great free State. At the
close of Miss Willard's speech she was
loudly applauded.
A delegate from Kentucky and one from
Maine seconded the nomination of Mc
Donald, and W. T. Eustis, of Maine, put in
nomination G. T. Stewart, of Ohio. The
nomination of St. John was also seconded
by Mrs. Mary Huffman, President of the
Womans Christian Temperance Union of
Missouri.
When Ohio was called, G. T. Stewart
announced that the presentation of bis
name had been against his request. He
was not a candidate and favored St. John.
When Pennsylvania was called, Mr.
Pierce made a speech nominating Hon.
James Black of Pennsylvania.
At this stage of the proceedings Mc
Donald's name was withdrr wn, and the
friends of Black and Stewa. t also with
drew those nominations. The rules were
suspended and St. John was nominated by
acclamation.
The Prohibition Platform.
Pittsburg, July 24—The platform re
ported by the committee acknowledges
God in the Government, declares that
traffic in beverages under national and
State laws is productive of crime and
pauperism, a burden to taxation for penal
and sheltering institutions, endangering to
public peace, corrupting to politics, and
imposing manifold other evils upon the
people. These laws are alike contrary to
good laws, contrary to our happiness, and
we call upon our fellow citizens to aid in
the repeal of these laws.
The history of the past twenty-four
years leads to the conclusion that the Re
publican party is insensible to the i ^dress
of these wrongs, and should no longer be
entrusted with the government. Its Pres
idential nominee of its last convention,
Mr. Blaine, has within years past pub
lished recommendations that the liquor
revenue be distributed among the States,
and Logan to devote the revenue to the
support of schools. This is virtually a
recommendation of a perpetuation of the
traffic. The Democratic party's position
against prohibition proves that it should
uot be entrusted in power and place.
There can be no greater peace to the nation
than by effectinga competition ofthe Repub
lican and Democratic parties for the liquor
vote.
We favor a reform in the administration
ot the government in the abolition of all
sinecure offices and officers, in the election
of post officers of the government instead
of appointment by the President, and that
competency, honesty and sobriety are es
sential qualifications for holding civil
office ; that the collection of revenue from
alcoholic liquors and tobacco should be
abolished as a vice to men and not proper
subjects for taxation ; that revenue for
custom duties should be levied for the
support of the government economically
administered, and when so levied the fos
tering of American manufactories and in
dustries should constantly be held in view ;
that the public laods should be held for
homes for the people, and not for gifts to
corporations or to be held in large bodies
for speculation upon the deed of actual
settlers ; That all money, coin and paper,
shall be made, issued and regulated by the
general government, and shall be legal
tender for all debts, public and private ;
that grateful care and support should be
given to our soldiers and sailors, their de
pendent widows and orphans.
We repudiate as un-American and contrary
the principles of the Declaration of Inde
pendence the exclusion of any person or
persons from residence or citizenship among
the oppressed of all nations.
That while there are important reforms
demanded for the purity of administration
and the welfare of the people, their impor
tancesinks into insignificance when compar
ed with the reform of the drink traffic, and
Congress should exercise its undoubted
power and prohibit the manufacture and
sale of intoxicating beverages in the Dis
trict of Columbia, the Territories of the
United States, and all places over which
the Government has exclusive jurisdic
tion.
That hereafter no State shall be admitted
into the Union until its constitution shall
expressly prohibit polygamy and the
the manufacture anil sale of intoxicating
beverages.
The resolutions pay tribute to the
woman working in this temperance move
ment and conclude thus : Believing in the
civil and political equality of the sex aud
that the ballot in the hands of woman
is right for her protection and would prove
a powerful ally for the abolition of the
drinking saloons, the execution ot laws,
the promotion of reform in civil affairs,
anil the removal of corruption in the pub
lic list, we relegate the practical outwork
ing of just reform to the discretion ot the
Prohibition party in the several States
according to the condition of the public
;
;
sentiment in those States. Gratefully we
acknowledge and praise God for the pres
ence of His spirit in guiding the cause and
granting the success which has been
vouchsafed in the progress of the temper
ance reform, and looking to Him from
whom all wisdom ami help comes. We
ask the people to make the principles oi
the above declaration a principle in the
government of the Nation and ofthe States.
Political Correspondence.
Pittsburg, July 25.—Mr. J. T. Little, of
Newark, New Jersey, received the follow
ing telegram this moruiDg from ex-Gover
nor St. John :
Rochester, N. Y., July 25.
To Hon. John B, Finch, George 11. Scott and
M. B. Bennett :
I was at Lake Side yesterday ami dÈi
not receive your telegram until this morn
ing. While I did not ask or desire the
nomination, I greatly appreciate the una
nimity with which it was given as well as
the honor codferred. I can only say now
that I acquiesce in the action of the con
vention. and looking to God for his guid
ance I shall try to do my duty.
JOHN I*. ST. JOHN.
The delegates are leaving for home on
every train anil all will by to-morrow have
left the city.
After the convention adjourned last night
the California delegation, on behalf ot Dr.
McDonald, gave a banquet to the delegates
of the convention.
In interviews to-day the leaders claim
that they will poll from 500,000 to 1.000,
000 votes, and that they will probably cai-
ry Kansas and Maryland and so throw the
election into Congress.
- » ♦---
STOCK GAMBLING BY CONGRESS
MEN.
The Extent to Which it is Carried On
-•Some Notable Instances.
[Albany (N. Y.) Evening Journal.
People away from Washington would be
surprised to know how much Wall-street
gambling is done by members of Congress.
1 can tell you some stories that would sur
prise you, but it does not pay to be too ex
plicit about these things. Right in the
House corridor a telegraph station is main
tained for stock speculations, where the la
test quotations can always be seen. A few
steps away a banking house in this city has
a telephone station where messages are re
ceived for the purchase and sale of stocks.
Some of the gilt-edged operators do not
deign to go out alter the quotations, but
send pages. The great New iork banking
houses keep salaried agents here who hang
about the 'Capitol, gain the confidence of
members regarding probable legislation,
and repay by giving them "points. ' 1 ou
■■un see how much Congress can do to effect
Wall street. It attacks or covers up the
fault it the national banking system, and
directs the financial policy of the Govern
ment. This year it has taken a direct
hand in its assaults on the land grant rail
roads, its threats to make the Union Pa
cific pay its Government debt, the proposi
tion to establish a Government telegraph
and the proposed subsidy to the Pacific
Mail steamships. I know that several
Democratic statesmen have made hand
some amoun s, in several rases far exceed
ing their salaries as members ol this Con
gress. by selling railroad stocks short and
then putting them down by bringing up
questions of forfeiting their land grants.
This has been exceptionally the case with
Northern Pacific, whose preferred stock has
been largely sold at the Capitol at figures
above fifty. Some one must have a big
profit there.
But the biggest deal has been in Union
Pacific. That stock is not worth half so
much as it was last December. The scare
then was based upon legitimate reasons.
The company owes the Government over
$42,060,000, which it never intends to pay.
How to make it do so is a problem. The
brokers got Phil. Thompson interested and
had passed in the House a bill to have 55
per cent, of its net earnings paid over to
I the Government. As Abram S. Hewitt
! said in debate, this would bankrupt the
j road anil not only make the stock worth
less, but also millions of various kinds of
j bonds, which, in disregard of the law, have
i been issued, but are now held by innocent
holders, who have been deceived into buy
ing them, in the belief that they were per
fectly safe. This bill, if passed, would
virtually wipe out over $100,000,000 ol
securities. You can see the result, and on
a sure thing thousands of dollars were
made by those on the inside. If the Senate
had not acted as a safety-valve, and had
passed the House bill, I believe we should
now be in the midst of a panic worse than
that of 1873, for under Jay Gould's mani
pulation every one has lost confidence in
railroad mortgages and shares. But the
Senate Judiciary Committee saw how de
structive such a course would be, and they
have made an arrangement with the l nion
Pacific, by which all further proceedings
are to be' stopped until next December.
They make no concealment in that this
was done in order to prevent a crash.
Next winter the company will he made to
yield to the laws which it has boldly
broken. It can never pay another divi
dend, anil in a few years the wise ones
look to see it in the hands of a receiver,
and ultimately in the Government control.
You can see how members who were cog
nizant of these things could profit by
them. One Southern representative told a
friend the other day that he hail made
$37,000 by selling Union Pacific since Feb
ruary. There is enough in some ot these
things to warrant investigation how mem
bers have taken advantage of their official
knowledge to make money. In one case
some of these smart chaps have been
beaten. When the Senate put the. "subsidy
clause" upon the shipping bill it was figur
ed up that Pacific Mail could be benefitted
some $700,000 a year. They formed a pool
and bought a large block of the stock in
New York at prices varying from 48 to 51.
It has been down as low as 31 since then,
aud never above 42, anil now that the bill
has been deprived of its subsidy provisiou
it looks as if they must wait a great while
before they take out their expected profits,
although some of them talk confidently ot
a "squeeze" to carry the price up.. '1 wenty
years ago some of these things would have
made a graat sensation. ^ on remember
the Credit Mobilier scandal came out of
members having an interest in L nion Pa
cific, then a supplicant for Government aid.
Now' there are more who are peeuniarly in
terested in putting its price down, when it
is begging for mercy, and their votes may
determine it.

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