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Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 7, 1884. No. 38 <n,r lllccldu ^jeralil. K E. FISK D. W FISK, A. J. FISK, Publishers und Proprietors. largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: ^ ^ Oiiu Year, (in advance)................. 0 ^ Six Months, (in addance).. ..................... T æ r Wh e en notpaid" " Ävanw'lhe »to will be Four l)oll ff st Sffin all CHS ea Prepaid. DAILY "HERALD: , Mty Si.b*cribers,delivereU by carrier.Sl 50a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. «1- 08 6 00 3 00 m. Month-, by mail, (in advance) f!,ree Month-, by mail, (i n ad vance).......... •i-A'l communications should be addressed to M-A.moii FISK BROH., Publishers, Helena, Montana. I UK FAULT OF TIIE AGE. T „e fault of the age is a mad endeavor r, I •> to heights that were made to climb; c abur-tof-treiiKth or a thought that is clever '\v, plan to outwit and forestall Time. „ ,., onl to wait for the thing worth having; uv want high noon at the day -dun dawn; « t„,d no pleasure in toiling and saving A "our forefathers did in the good times gone. our roses la-fore their season "4; bloom ami blossom, that we may wear; * (then we wonder and ask the reason \V(,v perfect buds are so few and rare. .. . crave the gain, but desptse the getting; W, w.ii.t wealth, not as reward, but dower; And the* strength that is wasted in useless frett ing . . Would fell a forest or build a tower. ro covet the prize, yet to shrink from tliewinn To t'hirst for glory, yet fear the fight— Vhy. what can it lead to at last but sinning, To mental languor and moral blight? tetter the old slow way of striving And counting small gains when the year is done, Tan to use our forces all in contriving And to grasp for pleasures we have not won. SABBATII CHIME. O the day of rest and gladness, O day of jov and light. A halm of care and sadness, Most beautiful, most bright ; On thee the high and lowly. Through ages joined in tune, Sing, holy, holy, holy. To the great God Triune. On thee at the creation The light first had its birth ; (in thee for our salvation T'hrist rose from depths of earth ; On thee our laird victorious, The spirit sent from heaven. And thus on thee most glorious A tripple light was given. To-day on weary nations The "heavenly manna falls, To holy convocations The silver trumpet calls ; Where gosjiel light is glowing With pure and radiant beams. And living water flowing With soul-refreshing streams. New graces ever gaining From this our day of rest. We reach the rest remaining To spirits of the blest ; To Holy Ghost be praises. To Father, and to Son ; The church her voice upraises To Thee, blest Three in One. \ III MIKMD YEARS AGO. Where are the birds that sweetly sang A hundred years ago? The flowers, t hat nil in lieauty sprang A hundred years ago ? The lip that smiled, The eye that wild In flashes shone bright eyes upon— Where. O where, are lips and eyes, The maiden's smile, the lover's sighs. That were so long ago? Who peopled all the city's streets A hundred years ago? Who tilled tue church with fa.-es meek A hundred years ago? The sneering tale of sister frail. The plot that worked Another's hurt— Where, O where, are the plots and sneers. The poor man's hopes, the rich man's fears, That were so long ago? Where are the graves where dead men slept A hundred years ago? Who, whilst living, oft times wept A hundred years ago ? By other men. They knew not then, Their lands are tilled Their launes are filled— Yet nature then was just as gay, And bright the siui shone as to-day, A hundred years ago. — ^ --- WITH DEATH. ADA HIDINGS GALE. Gome, death, 1 will drink with thee ; Hold the goblet steadily. I'll not fear to sip thy wine. Sure it must be smooth and fine. Princely lips have touched the rim, Princely eyes looked down within ; Warriors, heroes, poets great, Here their thirstiness did sate. Shelley, Poe, Keats—I could weep— Hrowned their song in drinking deep. Youthful lips, smiling and red, Oft to this cup have been wed. Aged ones, trembling and sad, Touching it have been made glad. Audi—why then should I fear— 1 '» nth? I ll take it. hand it here. I will bravely drink with thee— Here's to ull humanity ; May they—as I—when they drink, Kind it Is-tter than they think. HE FIRM AND BE TRUE. A maxim take, my hoys and girls. And this I would suggest, 'He firm and true, and work away, And do your very liest." If lessons long and difficult Should be to you assigned. Get down to work and study hard. And do not lag behind. W'hate'er the work you have to do, Be sure you do it right ; March lioi-ily up. strike firmly out. And do it with your might. In all your business, workand play, Be honest, true and square ; la-t nothing turn yon from your course. But firmly do and dare. And when vou'vc grown to riper years, Hold u> the maxim still ; He firm and true, and work away With mind and heart and will. THE OLD BEAU. lieu cracked and poor his laughter rings! How dulled his eye once flushing warm ! Hut -till a courtly pathos clings About his bent and withered form. To-night : where mirth and music dwell. His wrinkled cheek, his locks of snow. Gleam near the grandsons of the belles He smiled on forty years ago. We watch him here, and half believe Our gaze may witness, while he prates, Heath, like a footman, touch his sleeve And tell him that the carriage waits. —Edqar t'aucett. ! ; j INGERSOLL'S SECOND LECTURE. "What Shall We Do to be Saved?" The attendance on July 30th, on the occasion of Col. Ingersoll's second and con cluding lecture in Helena, filled the Opera House in all parts, the parquette and orchestra seats containing a large number of ladies. In the audience were repre sentatives of nearly all the church denom inations, who were among the most atten tive if among the least pleased and satis fied of the great orator's hearers. "O, that such eloquence should be wasted in skepti cism !" exclaimed a devoutly pious lady. "Such egotism! the like of it I never saw or heard before !" said another. "A matchless man on the platform," remarked a gentleman, passing out with the throng at the close of the lecture : "A wholesome intellectual treat which I have immensely enjoyed." The lecturer presented himself at 8:30 o'clock, stepping briskly before his audience, his splendid presence clothed in full even ing dress. His clean, round face, benignly smiling, was mach the lace of the great editor, Greely, or of Hoar, as seen in the Senate Chamber. The lofty forehead shone like a polished globe, with luminous blue orbs below that fastened every eye to his. With grace in every gesture, with eloquence in every pose, his speech began and was captivating to the close. "The whole world," said the lecturer, "has been filled with fear. Ignorance has been the refuge of the soul. For thous ands of years the intellectual ocean was ravaged by the buccaneers of reason. Pious persons clung to the shore and looked at the light house. The seas were filled with monsters and the islands with sirens. The people were driven in the middle of a narrow road, while priests went before heating the hedges on either side to frighten the robbers from their lairs. The poor followers, seeing no robbers, thanked their brave leaders with all their hearts. Huddled in folds, they listened with wide eyes while the shepherds told of ravening wolves. With great gladness they exchanged their fleeces for security. .Shorn and shivering they had the happi ness of seeing their protectors comfortable and warm. Through all the years those who plowed divided with those who pray ed. Wicked industry supported pious idle ness : the hut gave to th* cathedral, and frightened poverty gave even us rags io buy a robe for hypocrisy. Fear is the dungeon of the mind, and superstition is a dagger with which hypocrisy assassinates the soul. Courage is liberty. I am in favor of absolute free dom of thought In the realm of mind every one is monarch ; everyone is robed, sceptered, and crowned,and every one wears the purple of authority. I belong to the republic of intellectual liberty, and only those are good citizens of that republic who depend upon reason and upon persuasion, and only those are traitors who resort to brute force. "Now I beg of you all to forget just for a few moments that you are Methodists, or Baptists, or Catholics, or Presbyterians, and let us for an hour or two remember only that we are men and women ; and allow me to say 'man' and 'woman' are the high est titles that can be bestowed upon hu manity. Let us, if possible, banish all fear from the mind. Do not imagine that there is some being in the infinite expanse who is not willing that every man and woman should think for himself and her self. Do not imagine that there is any be ing who would give to his children the holy torch of reason, and then damn them for following that sacred light. Let us have courage. "Priests have invented a crime called blasphemy, and behind that crime hypo crisy has crouched for thousands of years. There is but one blasphemy, and that is injustice. There is hut one worship, and that is justice. (Applause.) "You need not fear the anger of a God that yon cannot injure. Rather fear to in jure your fellow men. Do not be afraid of a crime you cannot commit. Rather be afraid of the one that you may commit. The reason that you cannot injure God is that the Infinite is conditionless. You cannot increase or diminish the happiness of any being without changing that being s condition. If God is conditionless you can neither ipjure or benefit him. "There was a Jewish gentleman who went into a restaurant to get his dinner, and the devil of temptation whispered in his ear, 'Eat some bacon. He knew if there was anything in the universe calcu lated to excite the wrath of Jehovah, who made every shining star, it was to see a Jew eating bacon. He knew it, and he J knew the infinite being was looking, that ; he was the eternal eavesdropper of the universe. But his appetite got the better of his conscience, as it often has with us all. and he ate the bacon. He knew it was wrong and his conscience felt the blood of shame in his cheek. When he went into that restaurant the weather was delightful, the sky was as blue as Jane, and when he came out the sky was covered with angry clouds, the lightning was leaping from one to the other, and the earth was shaking beneath the voice of the thunder. He went back into that re8turwjt with a face as white as milk, and said to one of the keepers: 'My God, did yon ever hear such a fuss about a little piece of bacon ?' [Great laughter.] As long as we harbor such opinions of infinity ; as long as we imagine the heavens to be ; I ! : ! ; \ , ; j j filled with such tyranny, just so loDg the souls of men will be cringing, intellectual cowards. Let us think, and let us honestly express our thoughts. Do not imagine for a moment that I think people who disa gree with me are bad people. I admit, and I cheerfully admit, that a very large pro portion of mankind, and a very large ma jority, a vast number, are reasonably hon est. I believe that most Christians believe what they teach : that most ministers are endeavoring to make this world better. I do not pretend to be better than they are. It is an intellectual question. It is a ques tion to be settled at the bar of human reason. I do not pretend to lie better than they are. "Probably I am a good deal worse than many of them, hut that is not the ques tion. The question is : 'Bad as I am. have I the right to think ?' And I think I have for two reasons: First, I cannot help it. And, secondly, I like it. The whole ques tion is right at a point. If I have not a right to express my thoughts, who has? 'Oh,' they say, 'we will allow you to think, we will not burn you.' 'All right ; why won't you burn me ?' 'Because we think a decent man will allow others to think and express his thoughts.' 'Then the reason you do not prosecute me for my thoughts is that you believe it would he infamous in you ?' 'Yes.' 'And yet you worship a God who will, as you declare, punish me forever?' Sorely an infinite God ought to be as just as man. Surely, no God can have the right to punish his children for being honest. He should not reward hypocrisy with heaven, and punish candor with eternal pain. "The uext question then is: Can I com mit a sin against God by thinking? If God did not intend I should, why did He give me a thinker? For one. I am con vinced. uot only that 1 have the right to think, but it is my duty to express my honest thoughts. Whatever the gods may say we must be true toouselves. "We have got what they call the Chris tian system of religion, and thousands of people wonder how I can be wicked enough to attack that system. There are many good things about it, and I shall never at tack anything that I believe to be good. I shall never fear to attack anything I honestly believe to lie wrong. We have what they call the Christian re ligion. and I find, just in propor tion that nations have been re ligious, just in that proportion they have clung to the religion of their founders; they have gone hack to barbarism. I find that Spain and Portugal are the two worst nations in Europe. I find that the nation nearest infidel is the most prosper ous—France. And so I say there can lie no danger in the exercise of absolute in tellectual freedom. I find among our selves that the men who think are at least as good as those who do not. "The Christian system is founded upon what Christians are pleased to call the ; .Nt» Tccf.-.iueiii. W no wrote the New I Testament ? I do not Know. \\ no does know ? Nobody. \Ye have found manu scripts containing portions of the New Testament. Some of these manuscripts ! leave out five or six books—many of them. Others more ; others less. No two of these manuscripts agree. Nobody knows who : wrote these manuscripts. They are all written in Greek. The disciples of Christ, so lar as we know, Knew only Hebrew. ! Nobody ever saw, so far as know, one of the original Hebrew manuscripts. Nobody ; ever saw anybody who had seen anybody \ who had heard of anybody that had ever seen anybody that had ever seen one of , the original Hebrew manuscripts. No ; doubt the clergy of your city have told j you these facts thousands of times, and they will be obliged to me for haring re j peated them once more. These manu scripts are written iu what are called capi tal Greek letters. They are called Uncial manuscripts, and the New Testament was not divided into chapters and verses even until the year of grace 1551. In the origi nal the manuscripts and gospels are signed by nobody. The epistles are addressed to nobody; and they are signed by the same person. All the addresses, all the pretended earmarks, showing to whom they were written and by whom they were written, are simply interpolations, and everybody who has studied the subject knows it. Christ never wrote a solitary word of the New Testament-not one word. There is an account that he once stooped and wrote something in the sand, but that has not been preserved. He never told anybody to write a word. He never said: * Matthew, remember this,' ' Mark, do not forget to put that down,' ' Luke, be sure that in your gospel you have this,' "John, do not forget it.' Not a word. And it has always seemed to me that a being coming from another world, with a message of infinite importance to mankind, should at least have verified that message by his signa ture. Is it not wonderful that not one word was written by Christ ? Is it not strange that he gave no orders to have his words preserved—words upon which hung the salvation of a world ? Why was nothing written ? I will tell you. Iu my judgment they expected the end of the world in a few days. That generation was not to pass away until the heavens should be rolled up as a scroll, and until the earth should melt with fervent heat. They be lieved the world was to be destroyed, aud there was to be another coming, and the saints were to govern the earth, and even went so far among the apostles as to divide out the offices in advance, as the Republi can and Democratic parties do now, before election. [Laughter and applause.] This Testament, as it now is, was not written for hundreds of years after the apostles were dust. Many of the pretended facts lived in the open month of credulity. They were in the waste-basket of forgetfulness. They depended upon the inaccuracy of le gend, and for centuries these doctrines and stories were blown about by the in constant winds, and when reduced to writ ing some gentleman would write by the side of the passage his idea of it, and the next copyist would put that in as a part of the text. And, when it was mostly writ ten, and the church got into trouble, and wanted a passage to help it out, one was interpolated to order. So that now it is among the easiest things in the world to pick out at least one hundred interpola tions in the Testament; and I will pick some of them ont before I get through. " For thousands of years the world has been asking the qnestion, ' What must we do to be saved ?' Saved from poverty ? No. Saved from crime? No. Tyranny? No. Bat, What most we do to be saved from the eternal wrath of God, who made ns all? Why should God make failures? Why should he waste material? Why should he not correct his mistakes, in stead of damning them ? 1 he pulpit has cast a shadow over even the cradle. The doctrine ot endless punishment has covered the cheeks ot this world with tears. I des pise it and I defy it. I made up my mind, I say, to see what - 1 had to do in order to save my soul according to the Testament, and thereupon I read it. 1 read the Gos pels,—Matthew, Mark, Luke and John aud found that the clergy had been deceiv ing me. I found that the clergy did not understand their own book. I lound that they had been building upon passages that had been interpolated. I found that they had been building upon passages that were entirely untrue, and I will tell why I think so. "The speaker then read from and discus sed the question as to what must lie done in order to be saved according to the gospel of Matthew, and said, that all that gospel required was charity and self-denial for - ' ' _ n the Bible, every | been a sword and a ! that purpose, and not a word was said in it about believing anything ; and that Mark and Luke substantially agreed with him upon the subject, except Mark xvi., 16 v., which he claimed was an interpolation put in by hypocrisy and priests, who longed to grasp with bloody hands the sceptre ot universal power. That was the most infamous passage letter of which had faggot, a dungeon and chain, and for one thousand years had made the horizon lurid with the faggot's fiâmes. It was one that contradicts the Sermon on the Mount, travestied the Lord's Prayer, and turns the splendid religion of deed and duty into the superstition of creed aud cruelty, and he dented that Christ ever said it. He then said that John's gospel was where all of trouble commenced, and taught an entirely different doctrine from the other three gos pels, which was the doctrine of belief, which the other three did not teach. He then proceeded : "Now, upon these gospels that I have read the churches rest ; and out of these things, mistakes and interpolations they have made their creeds, and the first church to make a creed, so far as I know, was the Catholic, which was the church to preserve all of these miracles and also manuscripts for us, aud is the one whose word we have to take for their truthful ness, and is the first witness Protestanism brings to the bar of history to prove the miracles that took place 1800 years ago ; and while the witness is there, Protestant ism takes pains to say, 'You cauuot believe a word this witness says now.'" [Laughter.] It is the only church that keeps up a con stant communication with heaven through the instrumentality of a large number of decayed saints. [Laughter.] That church has an agent of God on earth, has a person who stands in the place of deity, and that church is infallible. That church has per secuted to the exact extent of her power— : and always will, lu Spain Catholicism 1 stands erect and is arrogant. In the l nited States she crawls, hut the object in both countries is the same—and that is the de struction of intellectual liberty. That church teaches that we can make God happy by being miserable ourselves ; that a nuu is holier in the sight of God than a loving mother with her child in her thrilled and thrilling arms ; that a priest is better than a lather ; that celibacy is better than that passion of love that has made every thing of beauty in this world. That church tells the girl of sixteen or eighteen, with eyes like dew and light; that girl with the red of health in the white of her beautiful cheeks—tells that girl, Put ou the veil woven of death and night, kneel upon stones, and you will please God. I tell you that by law no girl should lie allowed to take the veil and renounce the joys and beauties of this life. I am opposed to allowing these spider-like priests to weave webs to catch the loving maidens of the world. There ought to be a law ap pointing commissioners to visit such places twice a year and release every person who expresses a desire to be released. I do not believe in keeping these penitentiaries of God. No doubt they are honest about it. That is not the question. These ignorant supersititions fill millions of lives with weariness and pain, with agony and tears. "This church, after a few centuries of thought, made a creed, and that creed is the foundation of the orthodox religion. The speaker then criticized severely the creeds of the Episcopal, Metho dist, Presbyterian, and other churches, and concluded his lecture with the following peroration : 'As long as we live we will hope to live and when the one dies that we love we will say: 'Oh, that we could meet again,' and whether we do, or do not, it will not be the work of theology. It will be a fact . ! : j j j ! | in nature. 1 would not for my life destroy ; one star of human hope, but I want it so that when a poor woman rocks the cradle, and sings a lullaby to the dimpled darling, she will uot be compelled to believe that ninety-nine chances in a hundred she is raising kindling wood for hell. (Ap plause.) One world at a time is my doctrine. It is said in this Tes j tament, 'Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof ;' and I say : Sufficient onto each world is the evil thereof. Suppose, after all, death does end all. Next to eternal joy, next to being forever with those we love, and those who loved us, next to that, is to be wrapped in the dreamless drapery 6f eternal peace. Next to tternal life is eternal sleep. Upon the shadowy shore of death the sea of trouble casts no wave. I had rather think of those I have loved and lost as having returned to earth^as having become a part of the elemental wealth of the world—I would rather think of them as gurgling in the stream, floating in the clouds, bursting in the form of light upon the shores of worlds, I would rather think of them »9 the lost visions of a for gotten night, than to have even the faintest fear that their naked souls have been clutched by an orthodoxy god. [Ap plause.] But for me, I will leave the dead where nature leaves them. I cannot be lieve there is any being in this universe who has created a human soul for eternal pain. I would rather every god would destroy himself ; I would rather that we all should go to eternal chaos, to black and starless night, than that just one sonl should suffer eternal agony. I have made up my mind that if there is a God, He will be merciful to the merciful ; that He will not torture the forgiving ; that every man should be true to himself, and that there is no world, no star, in wh'eh honesty is a crime ; and that the honest man, the good, kind, sweet woman, and the happy child, have nothing to fear, either in this world or the world to come. Upon these rocks I stand." Expression from Woman Suffragists. New York, July 31.—Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, President and Vice President of the National Woman Suffrage Association, have issued au ad dress to the members making some sug gestions to their co-workcre why they should remain steadfastly with the politi cal party that for the past quarter of a century has most faithfully represented the fundamental principles of republican government. The address says : At the opening of the next session, with our hills and reports waiting their turn on the calendars of both Houses, it is to the Republicans that we must look for a dis cussion and division on our questions, and did they constitute a two thirds majority we should confidently hope for the passage of the resolution submitted for the six teenth amendment. But we have nothing to expect from any of the other parties now struggling into existence. As to the Greenback and Anti-monopoly parties, with their partial recognition of woman's political equality iu their platforms, aud the rank and file of the seceding Demo crats and workingmen who constitute his ! supporters, Hon. Benjamin F. Butler ' ' The Pro would he powerless to help us. hibitionists are thus disposed of : To make woman suffrage a tail to their kite is to defy the laws of gravitation. Prohibition could not secure woman sut frage, but woman suffrage is the only power by which prohibition could lie made a possibility. Those demanding the recognition of God in the constitution are reminded by the address that the best tecognition the men of this nation can make of God in the constitution is to secure exact justice to their mothers. The recent defection of some of our most prominent friends from the Republican party, who have spoken bravely and eloquently for many years on our platform, must not mislead the un wary, as their action has been in no way influenced by their interest in the woman suffrage question. In fact, their remark able summersault, as far as we can see, is not to illustrate any vital principles, but merely to gratify a personal pique. It is not that they hate Cleveland least, hut Blaine more, that such men as George William Curtis, James Freeman Clark and Thomas Wentworth Higginson have come down from their high moral platform to swamp their votes with the Democratic party. The result of this last seces sion, were its proportions equal to its virtuous pretentions, would lie to throw the administration of our gov eminent into the hands of the Democratic party and into those of Cleveland; while, : though he was possessed of all the cardi nal virtues claimed and in addition thereto the crowning excellence of adhesion to the great principle of political freedom for women, he could do nothing for any reform with Congress, and his constituency, nine tenths of which are blind and bitter op ponents of all liberal measures. Suppose, ou the other hand, that the Republican nominee, James G. Blaine, was wanting in all the public and private, virtues and in fluence with Congress and his constituen cies, three-louiths of whom are our friends, lie could do nothing to hinder the passage of an amendment. But he is friendly ; his name stands recorded with the ladies on all questions affecting the interests of wo man brought before Congress for many years. Thus in Mr. Blaine we have a nominee in harmony with the Republican majority in congress, hence our hope of securing an initiative step to make suffrage for woman the supreme law of the laud lies in the triumphant success of the Republican party, for these reasons. As we have no votes to offer, we should give our earnest conscientiussupport to the Republican party, whose chosen leader is one of the ablest statesman our country can boast, and who if elected will with the noble women of his family c role, honor the White house and the highest office in the gift of the American people. Some Hawkeye Philosophy. [Rotiert M. Burdelte.] My son, when you hear a man growling and scolding lie cause Moody gets $"200 a week for preaching Christianity, you will perceive that he never worries a minute because Ingersoll gets $200 a night for preaching atheism. You will observe that the man who is unntterably shocked be cause Francis Murphy is getting $150 a week for temperance work, seems to think it all right when the bar-keeper takes in twice so much money in a single day. The laborer is worthy of his hire, my boy, and he is just as worthy of it in the pulpit as he is upon the stump. Is the man who is honestly trying to save your immortal soul worth less than the man who is only try ing his level best to go to Congress? Isn't Moody doing as good work as Ingersoll? Isn't John B. Gough as much the friend of humanity and society as the bar-tender? Do you want to get all the good in the w^rid for nothing, so that you may be able to pay a high price for the bad? Remem ber, my boy, the good things in the world are always the cheapest. ba ~ k '" hich j find has suspended pay ment. Can you tell me where your Boston English. [Philadelphia Call.) Boston Maid—No. my paternal progen itor is not in. Caller—I am one of the depositors in his father is ,J "The authorities became cognizant of consider&Ma rehypothecation on his part, and conviyed him to a protoplasm." "A what ?" "A protoplasm.'' "What in the name of Webster is that? "If you will glance at Worcester you will find that protoplasm signifies a cell." Uncle Ezek's Moral Proverbs. [The Century.) The devil was never known to play any kind of a game, except for keeps. He who forgives, and doesn't forget, is trying to settle with the Lord for fifty cents on the dollar. The man who has nothing but honesty to recommend him is sore of » reward hereafter, but he can't get a job here on earth. Men will swear by their religion, will fight for it, will be martyrs for it, will per secute others for it, will do anything and all things for it, except observe it them selves. The Cattle Fever Union Stock Yards, 111., July 30.—No further developments regarding the Texas fever. The diseased cattle have lieen slaugh tered and condemned. No fresh arrivals. Those unaffected in the lot have been sold to local butchers, subject to rigid inspec tion. No other cattle iu the yards have been affected in the least. The sick cattle, it is asserted, do not communicate the dis ease, as it was brought here by improved cattle and not by stock direct from Texas. No further trouble so far as other cattle are concerned is anticipated. Kansas City, Mo., July 30.—No devel opments here concerning the supposed cat tle fever. The stock yard officials reiterate the statement that there is no disease here. Chicago, July 30.—Governor Hamilton arrived in Chicago from Springfield to-day. State Veterinarian Paaren called upon him to talk about the disease discovered at the stock yards aud supposed to be Texas fever. Paaren told the Governor that in formation had been received that another car load of cattle suffering with the disease were on the way to Chicago. While en rouie last night the men in charge heard of the killing yesterday by the Board of Health. The men then attempt ed to drop the cattle at way stations, but the citizens objected. The cattle were then carried on and left at Jacksonville, where they now are. The conference be tween the Governor and Dr. Paaren lasted an hour. The veterinarian received in structions to proceed to Jacksonville and | investigate the case. He was also ordered ( to conduct a minute investigation at the stock yards. The Governor says that if the malady proves to lie the Texas fever he will immediately institute a rigid quar antine. So long as the infected cattle are killed within twelve hours after their ar rival in town, the Health Commissioner thinks there is no danger of the disease spreading. It would be worse if the cattle were shipped off to fatten. The Commis- | siouer says it was well that the infected cattle were brought to Chicago instead of being stopped along upon the prairie or iu small villages. Here suspected auimals can he killed and carted to big reudenug establishments. Only Kansas City aud Chicago have such lacilities for disposing of sick cattle without danger. There is uo danger whatever, the Commissioner states, for the public at large to feel at all alarmed. Lincoln, Nebraska, July 30.—The com mission sent out to Maxwell Monday by Governor Dawes returned to-night. They found 100 cattle in the vicinity of Maxwell and Brady dead, and about as many more sick. The infection is confined to cattle that grazed on a small strip of land over which 2,000 Texas cattle had been driven, which had been brought in by rail. The disease is not contagious. This has lieen ascertained by a series of experiments. The railroads have promised not to bring in any more cattle until after the first frost. Stock men in this vicinity, repre senting $5,000.000 in cattle, have combined to prevent any more cattle being landed if brought in. It won't be safe to try the experiment. The country is too wild. Lite Saving Service. Washington, July 30.—Special Agent Burns, of the Treasury Department, charged with the investigation of certain charges agaiust the managent of the life saving service aud against Superintendent Kimball, of that service, which were made in an article published in an Erie, Pa., newspaper last January, has made his re port to the Secretary of the Treasury. He finds that the charges were instigated by Captain Ottinger and published without malice by the newspaper. «J-Ivery material allegation in the charges as published are false. The service was right in adopting the Lyle gun, as it is superior to any gun brought to his notice during the investiga tion, and tills all the requirements better than any of them. Every station is pro vided with a life car. as well as breeches buoy, and it is left to the discretion of the station keeper to determine which to use on the occasion of a wreck. The charges of inefficiency and mismanagement of the service he finds to be flatly disproved by the evidence, and says on the contrary his service is shown by the record ot success, of which every citizen may justly be proud, and comparison with such services in other countries shows ours to be in the lead of all. He states, however, that the breech buoy is used more frequently than I the car, having in the last five years been selected in eighty-eight instances and 1 brought to shore 747 persons. West Virginia Republican Convention. Parkersbfrg, W. Va., July 30.—The Republican convention held here to-day was the largest and most enthusiastic I ever assembled in the State. George F. Evans, of Martinsburg, was permanent ( chairman. The platform arraigns the Democratic party for having unfulfilled all ! its pledges for economy and reform. The usual planks concerning convict labor and foreign emigration were passed. An at tempt to commit the party by the endorse ment of the prohibition plank was de feated. The following ticket was nomi nated : Governor, Edwin Maxwell ; Auditor, J. H. Bnrtt ; Treasnrer. Sjiencer W. Sturm ; Attorney General, John A. Hutchinson ; Superintendent of Schools, J. N. Kendall. It is stated thot the ticket is composed of Republicans and Greenbackers in about equal proportions. Type Baking. I London Truth.] Taking a purely selfish delight in the pleasure of children, I have always re gretted the painful necessity of teaching them their letters. The least nauseous way of administering such doses of scholarship is undoubtedly by the kindergarten bis cuits. But their good service is entirely frustrated by a ridiculous blunder. All these eatable aud no doubt nourishing let ters are capitals. Now it is a stupid prac tice to teach children the capital letters first, because by so doing you oblige the poor little things to learn the alphabet twice over. There is, indeed, no positive reason why children should be taught capi tals at all, for as these are the exceptions in writing and printing, they would be ac quired involuntarily and imperceptibly when the children, having learnt all the small letters, begin to read. Will the kindergarten people take my hint and bake "lower-case type ?" I . POLITICAL SILUOUETTS. Drawn By George William Curtis at the National Republican Convention. DEMO! RACY. We are confronted w ith the Democratic party, very hungry, and, as you may well believe, very thirsty —a party without a single definite prin ciple, a party with out any distinct Na tional policy which it dares to present to the country ; a party which fell from power as a conspira cy against human rights, and now at tempts to sneak back to power as a conspiracy foi plun der and spoils. REPCBt.ICANIsM. 1 shall uot attempt to repeat to yon the splendid story of the Republican party, a story that we never tire of telling and that our children will never tire of hearing ; a story which is written up on the hearts of all American citi zens because it re counts greater servi ces for liberty, for the country, for man kind, than those of any party in any other nation at any other period of time And what is the se cret of this unparal leled history ? It is simply that the Re publican party has always been the par ty of the best in stincts, of the high est desires of the American )ieople. This is a special glory. It has repre sented the American instinct of national ity, American pat riotism aud Ameri can devotion to lib erty. WAR ON THE MUSSELSHELL. A Two Hours Battle Between Horse Thieves and Cowboys at Bate man's Woodvard. I Fort Benton Kress, j The Vigilantes, numbering fifteen or •twenty fearless men, hailed the steamer Benton at old Fort Hawley last Tuesday to secure some provisions. They did not have much to say other than that they were rounding up the hoise thieves and had still some work before them. Gn Sunday, the 20th, they had a fight with the thieves at Bateman's woodyard that lasted two hours. It seems that a number of the thieves, probably twenty, had gathered hare to make a stand against the Vigilantes. They occupied a cabin and a tent some distance from the house. As a matter of safety they put out two sentries to look out for the cowboys, but the latter came up and took a position near the house, without being seen, and at daylight opened fire on the thieves, protected by trees and stumps. The men in the tent were all killed and some of those in the cabin, the others escaping. The house and stable w r ere burned. The names of the victims are not known, and iu fact the details are of a meagre aud indefinite order. The James place was totally destroyed by fire, including the wood, and it is believed the lather and his two sons were killed. Two or three other woodyards were burned out. The "avengers" had the name and histoiy of every one of .the "gang" along the river, and they expressed a purpose of not letting up as long as there was one of them left. They expected to apply to the lioat on its return trip for additional sup plies "to carry on the war," and when they finish their work horse thieves will be as scarce on the upper Missouri river as they are in Heaven. j i THREE-FINGER JACK. The "Teton Avengers'' on the trail of a Desperate Character. [Sun River Sun.] The South Fork country was the scene of "gun play" hist week, in which H. C. Moore, formerly of the firm of Moore <Nt Derkiug, horsemen, was shot in the arm by a desperado known as Three-Finger Jack. Jack had been employed by Moore, and that a dispute arose in regard to pay ment of wages. Moore refused to pay Jack for services rendered, who got on the war path and commenced shooting through the windows aud door of the house in which Moore had taken shelter. He then rode down to the horse herd and roped a horse and told Moore that it was his (Jack's) and that he inteuded to take it. Moore ïèeognized the horse as belonging to himself, aud attempted to take it away from Jack and turn it back into the herd, at which Jack pulled down bis six-shooter and shot him, the ball taking effect in his left arm near the elbow, shattering the bone and passing out four or five inches above. Jack then rode away leading the disputed horse. Eight men arrived from the Teton short ly alter the shootiDg, and departure of Three-Finger Jack, in search of thegentle man for a crime which for fiendish hrutali ty, far transcends this one, and the county will be at no expense for prosecuting the desperado if the "Teton Avengers" catch him. Three-Finger Jack is supposed to have gone over the range into Deer Lodge coun ty through the Cadott pass. The "Teton Avengers" are on his trail and will proba bly run him down. The crime for which they are pursuing him is for outraging a little girl fourteen years old, the daughter of a Teton ranchman. It is to be hoped that the double distilled brute will be captured and speedy justice meted out to b'-Hi at the nearest tree. Grand Army Reunion. Dayton, Ohio, July 30— The Grand Army reunion was witnessed to-day by 75,000. At 9 o'clock Generals Rosecrans, Kennedy, and others, inspected 3,000 veter ans at the Soldiers, Home. In the parade in the afternoon there were 25,000 veterans in line. A sham battle and bombardment of a fort closed the ceremonies. DAYTON, O., July 31.—The order of ex ercises at the reunion of the Grand Army of the Republic to-day was a procession cf old soldiers with 200 tattered liattle-tiags saved from the war and carried by old vet erans in the line. The procession was two hours in passing a given point. The sol diers' monument was accepted by Gover nor Hoadly in behalf of the citizens and unveiled amid great cheering. Speeches were made by General Rosecrans, ex-Sena tor Thurman, and others.